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EVALUATION OF NO SMOKING POLICIES AMONG THE HIGH SCHOOL AND

COLLEGE STUDENTS OF ATENEO DE ZAMBOANGA UNIVERSITY.

BY:

KHADKA MILAN

MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH

2018
A. INTRODUCTION
Smoking epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world have ever faced,

killing more than 7 million people a year (WHO, 2017). More than 6 million of those deaths are

the result of direct smoking while around 890000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed

to second hand smoke. Nearly 80 % of the world’s more than 1 billion smokers live in low and

middle income countries. (WHO 2017). According to Global Adult Tobacco survey (2015) in The

Philippines an estimated of 18.7% of total population smoke on daily basis.

The rate of smoking in currently on the decline in most developed countries probably owing

to institutionalized strong country policies regulating the sale and distribution of tobacco

products. Young adults are targeted with new marketing strategy simply because this age group,

if and when they start smoking, becomes the hardest to quit. This early ‘hooked on habit’ group

provides the tobacco industry not only a promise future for a longer continuing patronage but

also the easiest to initiate smoking simply giving them free samples of cigarette packs (

Philippine senate Committee on Health and demographicy 1999)

In a study conducted by Cristobal (2003) , the prevalence of smoking among High School

students was 17.8% . It was also found that there is an increasing trend of female smokers in

University. He stressed that teacher smoking has a great impact on the students smoking

behaviour. He even recommended on adoption of a No Smoking policy within the school

Campus.

Kalbi in 2006 evaluated the no smoking policy among high school students in ADZU , and he

concluded that the No Smoking Policy was effective enough in reducing smoking inside the

campus among High School students and promoting a smoke free environment. In his study it
was also noted that there was a difference in smoking prevalence among high school students

during 2002 and 2006.

B. Review of related literature


Kalbi (2006) of Zamboanga city, Philippines conducted a study to evaluate the

implementation of No Smoking policy among students, faculty member and administrators of

High school unit of ateneo de Zamboanga university. Results showed that Ateneo de Zamboanga

university is considered a school with a complete ban on smoking among students and faculty

members within the campus area. Majority of the students and faculty believe that the policy

was effective enough in bringing out a smoke free campus. The policy was able to influence

some smokers to quit smoke or if not, at least it was able to lessen their smoking consumption.

Cristobal (2003) of Zamboanga city, Philippines conducted a study to determine the

prevalence and risk factors of smoking among High school adolescents in Zamboanga City. Three

catholic schools were were involved in this study, these were Ateneo de Zamboanga

university(ADZU) , immaculate conception archdiocesan school (ICAS) and claret high

school(CHS) . It was found that 16.9% of the participants were current smokers, 40.2% were past

smokers and 43% were non smokers. CHS registered the highest rate of smoking 19.1% followed

by ADZU with 17.8% and ICAS with 13.4%. he recommended an adoption of a No smoking policy

with the school campus.

A study to examine the association between school smoking policies and smoking

prevalence among students by Moore (2001) of Wales. Multilevel analysis of cross sectional

data from survey of schools and students were used involving 55 teachers and 1375 students in

year 11. Result showed that the prevalence of daily smoking in school with a written policy on

smoking for pupils, teacher, and adults, with no pupils or teacher allowed to smoke anywhere

on the school premises, was 9.5%. In schools with no policy on puipils or teachers smoking
30.1% of pupil report daily smoking. In schools with intermediate level of smoking policy ,21%

smoked everyday. He concluded that there is an association between policy, strength, policy

enforcement and prevalence of smoking among students after having adjusted for student level

characteristic. The finding suggest that the wider introduction of comprehensive school smoking

policies may help reduce teenage smoking.

C. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

What is the current status of the No Smoking policy in Ateneo de Zamboanga University?

3.1 General

To evaluate the No smoking policy among Senior High school students, faculty member and

administrators of Ateneo de Zamboanga University.

3.2 Specific

a. To determine the extent to which smoking restrictions in school are enforced by school

administration.

b. To determine the effectiveness of the No smoking policy in reducing smoking inside the

campus among high school students and promoting a smoke free environment.

D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The result of this study will give us assessment to the current implementation status of the

policy since Kalbi’s study in 2006. The paper will benefit Ateneo and other schools to promote them as

smoke free campus and reducing te prevalence of smoking among youth.

E. Research design

This research will be a cross sectional study aimed to evaluate the implementation of the No

smoking policy among the students and faculty members of Ateneo.


F. Profile of the respondents

The participants of this study will be the students and faculty member of Ateneo.

G. Sample size and sampling design

Total population will be included in this study. Cluster sampling will be employed in the selection

of the student participants who will be asked to answer the self-administered questionnaire.

H. Data gathering procedure

All the student participants will be visited by the researcher in their respective class and will be

oriented about the purpose of the study and questionnaire will be distributed. Faculty members

will be gathered in a separate room, they will be oriented and will be asked to answer separate

set of questionnaire.

I. Research instrument

Two sets of questionnaire , one for students and one for faculty adopted from kalbi’s study will

be used.

J. Working Bibliography

1. Altman DG Wheelis AY, Mcfarlane M. the relationship between tobacco access and use
among adolescents: A four community study, Soc Sci Med 199 March
2. Andrew JA Duncan SC, The effect of attitude on the development of adolescent cigarette. J
Substance Abuse 1988
3. Adevedo A. machado AP, Barrows H. Tobacco smoking among Portugese High school
students. Bull world health organization 1997
4. Cristobal (2003) Smoking among High school adolescents in Zamboanga city; prevance and
risk factor.
5. Philippine Senate Committee on health and Demography . A white paper on tobacco and
smoking 199.
6. Global adult tobacco survey: executive summary 2015.
7. Kalbi (2006), evaluation of no smoling policy among High school students and faculty

members of ateneo de Zamboanga University, Zamboanga city.


K. TIME FRAME

jan feb march April may june july

Concept paper

writing

Protocol paper

submission

Survey

Implementation

and Data

gathering