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THE CORRELATION BETWEEN LEVEL OF EDUCATION, NUTRITION

STATUS AND SMOKING HABITS WITH THE OCCURRENCE OF


PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS AT WORKING REGION
PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER OF KAWUNGANTEN
IN CILACAP REGENCY 2017
Fitri Puspita Ratnasari, Sonhajiˡ, Nuruddin Arief Gunawan²
ABSTRACT
Tuberculosis is a disease of global concern, in estimated tuberculosis still
was attacking 10.4 million people andcause of death 1.8 million in 2015. The
highest incidence of Pulmonary TB in the working area of Public Health Center
Kawunganten, Cilacap was 150 cases in 2014. Various factors that influence the
incidence of Pulmonary TB include the level of education, nutritional status and
smoking habits. The research was purposed to determine the relationship between
the level of education, nutritional status and smoking habits with the incidence of
Pulmonary TB in working area of Public Health Center Kawunganten in Cilacap
Regency 2017.
The method used is analytical survey with cross sectional approach.
Population in this research is all suspect of Pulmonary TB in working area Public
Health Center of Kawunganten, in Cilacap Regency 2017 as many as 72 respondents
and sample counted 61 respondents by using simple random sampling technique.
The analysis data was using chi square and regresi binary logistic.
The results showed that there was a statistically significant relationship
between educational level and the incidence of Pulmonary TB in the working area of
Public Health Center Kawunganten in Cilacap Regency 2017 (ρ= 0,03 <α= 0,05).
There was statistically significant correlation between nutritional status and the
incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the working area of Public Health Center
Kawunganten in Cilacap Regency 2017 (ρ= 0,00 <α= 0,05). There was a statistically
significant relationship between smoking habit and Pulmonary TB incidence in the
working area of Public Health Center Kawunganten in Cilacap Regency 2017 (ρ=
0,02 <α= 0,05).
The most dominant factors between education level, nutritional status and
smoking habit with the incidence of Pulmonary TB in the working area of Public
Health Center Kawunganten in Cilacap Regency 2017 are nutritional status (ρ =
0.0005 <α = 0,05, OR= 4,646).
It is hoped that the health team will conduct prevention and early detection
by providing counseling and counseling about pulmonary tuberculosis, as well as
prevention efforts by giving OAT (Anti TB Medication) and the determination of
PMO (Drug Supervisor) for every patient of Pulmonary TB.

Keywords : education level, nutritional status, smoking habit, Pulmonary TB.


Literature : 51 literature, 2008-2015