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# ASSIGNMENT

## Course Code BSC101A

Course Name Engineering Mathematics-1
Programme B.Tech.
Department Mathematics
Faculty FET

## Name of the Student Pritam Das

Reg. No 17ETCS002130
Semester/Year 1st/2017

## Deepak A. S., Mahesha Narayana,

Course Leader/s Chandankumar S., Shekar M.,
Hemanthkumar B., and Meenakshi N.

i
Declaration Sheet
Student Name Pritam Das
Reg. No 17ETCS002130
Programme B.Tech. Semester/Year 1st/2017
Course Code BSC101A
Course Title Engineering Mathematics – 1
Course Date to
Deepak A. S., Mahesha Narayana, Chandankumar S., Shekar M.,
Course Leader
Hemanthkumar B., and Meenakshi N.

Declaration

The assignment submitted herewith is a result of my own investigations and that I have
conformed to the guidelines against plagiarism as laid out in the Student Handbook. All
sections of the text and results, which have been obtained from other sources, are fully
referenced. I understand that cheating and plagiarism constitute a breach of University
regulations and will be dealt with accordingly.

Signature of the
Date
Student
Submission date
stamp
(by Examination & Assessment
Section)
Signature of the Course Leader and date Signature of the Reviewer and date

ii
Contents
____________________________________________________________________________

## Declaration Sheet ...................................................................................................................................... ii

Contents .................................................................................................................................................... iii
Part A.......................................................................................................................................................... 4
Question No. B.1 ........................................................................................................................................ 6
B2.1 Compute velocity and acceleration at 𝑡𝑡 = 𝜋𝜋/2 and 𝑡𝑡 = 3𝜋𝜋/ 2. ........................................................ 6
B1.2 Graph of displacement curve……………………………………………………………………………………11
B1.3Show that the particle comes to rest at least once before attaining the uniform velocity
B1.4Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….11
Question No. B.2 ........................................................................................................................................ 8
B.2.1 Obtain the Maclaurin series for the kinetic energy as a function of the velocity. ....................... 8
B.2.2 Show that when 𝑣𝑣 is very small compared to 𝑐𝑐, the expression for 𝐾𝐾 agrees with the classical
Newtonian physics given by . .............................................................................................. 9
3.4 Conclusions .................................................................................................................................... 10
Question No. B.3 ...................................................................................................................................... 11
B.3.1 Choose any algorithm to search the index of a given element in vector 𝑋𝑋 and explain. ........... 11
B.3.2 Write a MATLAB function to implement the above chosen algorithm. The function should
accept the array and an element as input and should output the index of that element in the given
array. .................................................................................................................................................... 11
B.3.2 Use MATLAB built-in function ‘find’ to search the index of the required element. Compare and
comment on the results. ...................................................................................................................... 12
This specific code is exceptionally productive in regards to the time and many-sided quality with the
code composed without the discover work. This inbuilt capacity 'find' of MATLAB encourages us to
effectively figure the list of the given number .................................................................................... 12
B.3.3 Conclusions ................................................................................................................................. 12
Question No. B.4 ...................................................................................................................................... 13
B.4.1 Obtain equations for the temperature at the four intersection points. .............................. 13
B.4.2 Solve the resultant system to find the temperature at each intersection point in the grid ...... 13
B.4.3. Write a matlab Script to check for the consistency of the system and obtain the solution: .... 14
B.4.4 Comment on the results obtained and conclude: ...................................................................... 15

## <Subject Title> iii

Part A

Solution to Part A:
A Riemann entirety is the most straightforward approach to inexact a zone under a capacity f(x) on the
interim x=a to x=b. To begin, you separate the interim into n pieces, or sub-interims. For a Riemann whole,
these sub-interims all have a similar width, h= (b-a)/n. Each of these sub-interims is approximated with a
basic shape whose range can be effectively ascertained. The aggregate of every one of these territories is the
Riemann Sum.
There are a few distinctive approaches to ascertain a Riemann whole. The easiest path is by approximating
each sub-interim with a rectangle, whose tallness can be equivalent to the capacity assessed at the left
endpoint, right endpoint, or midpoint of the sub-interim. You can likewise inexact with a trapezoid that
agrees with the capacity assessed at the left or right endpoints. It is likewise conceivable to utilize further
developed procedures, similar to quadratic or cubic approximations for each sub-interim.
The three techniques for Riemann summation are typically best drew nearer with parcels of equivalent size.
The interim [a, b] is thusly partitioned into n subintervals, each of length.

## Left Riemann sum

Left Riemann aggregate of x3 over [0, 2] utilizing 4 subdivisions
For the left Riemann aggregate, approximating the capacity by its incentive at the left-end point gives numerous
rectangles with base Δx and tallness f (a + iδx). Doing this for I = 0, 1, n − 1, and including the subsequent zones
gives

The left Riemann aggregate adds up to an overestimation if f is monotonically diminishing on this interim, and
an underestimation in the event that it is monotonically expanding.

## Right Riemann sum

Right Riemann sum of x3 over [0, 2] utilizing 4 subdivisions
F is here approximated by the incentive at the correct endpoint. This gives different rectangles with base Δx
and tallness f(a + I Δx). Doing this for I = 1, n, and including the subsequent zones produces

## The correct Riemann aggregate adds up to an underestimation if f is monotonically diminishing, and an

overestimation on the off chance that it is monotonically expanding. The mistake of this equation will be

## Where the extreme estimation of the total estimation of is on the interim.

Midpoint rule
Midpoint Riemann whole of x3 over [0, 2] utilizing 4 subdivisions.
Approximating f at the midpoint of interims gives f (a + Δx/2) for the primary interim, for the following one
f (a + 3δx/2), until f (b − Δx/2). Summing up the zones gives

## Where M2 is the greatest estimation of the outright estimation of f''(x)

on the interim.

<Subject Title> 5
Question No. B.1

## 2.1 Compute velocity and acceleration at 𝑡𝑡 = 𝜋𝜋/2 and 𝑡𝑡 = 3𝜋𝜋/ 2.

The given displacement function of particle with respect to time
𝑠𝑠(𝑡𝑡) = 1/2(𝑡𝑡2 + 5𝑡𝑡 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠(𝑡𝑡))
Therefore, velocity function v(t) will be
𝑑𝑑 1
𝑣𝑣(𝑡𝑡) = ( (𝑡𝑡2 + 5𝑡𝑡 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠(𝑡𝑡)))
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 2
5𝑡𝑡 5
𝑣𝑣(𝑡𝑡) = 𝑡𝑡 + 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐(𝑡𝑡) + 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠(𝑡𝑡)
2 2
Then, the function of acceleration a(t) is
𝑑𝑑 5𝑡𝑡 5
𝑎𝑎(𝑡𝑡) = (𝑡𝑡 + 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐(𝑡𝑡) + 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠(𝑡𝑡))
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 2 2
5
𝑎𝑎(𝑡𝑡) = 1 + 5 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐(𝑡𝑡) − 𝑡𝑡 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠(𝑡𝑡)
2

π
Now, calculating the velocity V at t =
2
𝜋𝜋
𝜋𝜋 𝜋𝜋 5 2 𝜋𝜋 5 𝜋𝜋
𝑉𝑉 = 𝑣𝑣( ) = + 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 � � + 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
𝑉𝑉 = 4.07 𝑚𝑚/𝑠𝑠
𝜋𝜋
Acceleration at 𝑡𝑡 =
2

𝜋𝜋 𝜋𝜋 5 𝜋𝜋 𝜋𝜋
𝐴𝐴 = 𝑎𝑎( ) = 1 + 5 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 � � − ( ) 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠( )
2 2 2 2 2
𝐴𝐴 = − 2.9269 𝑚𝑚/𝑠𝑠 2
3𝜋𝜋
Velocity at 𝑡𝑡 =
2
3𝜋𝜋 π
Since > , so, as stated in the question itself, the velocity at t > π will be a constant velocity obtained at t
2 2

5𝜋𝜋 5
𝑉𝑉’ = 𝑣𝑣(𝜋𝜋) = 𝜋𝜋 + 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐(𝜋𝜋) + 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠(𝜋𝜋)
2 2
𝑉𝑉’ = 11.1207 𝑚𝑚/𝑠𝑠
3𝜋𝜋
Acceleration at 𝑡𝑡 =
2
3𝜋𝜋
Since the particle is moving at a constant velocity at t = so the acceleration will be zero.
2
𝑑𝑑
𝐴𝐴 = (𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐) = 0
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑

<Subject Title> 6
B.1.2 Plot the graph of displacement curve.
Working with Matlab
t = linspace(0,pi);
s = 1/2*(t.^2 + 5. *t.*sin(t));
and then plotting the graph with the following command
figure
plot(t,s)

## 1.1 Displacement – time graph

B.1.3 Show that the particle comes to rest at least once before attaining uniform velocity.
It is clearly observed from the graph as well as from the solution in (a) section that after certain time
period the acceleration first becomes zero and then afterward becomes negative which will start
decreasing the velocity of the particle and eventually lead it to zero value. Also from the graph, we notice
that there is a point in the graph where the tangent to the displacement-time curve is parallel to the time
axis indicating that the velocity at that point is zero.
We can also prove it by using the rolls theorem.
Here,
5
f(x)=t+ t cost + sin t ,
2
a) This function is continuous at the [0,∏], hence it is a sin function and cos function .
5 5 5
𝑏𝑏)𝑓𝑓 ′ (𝑥𝑥)= 1+ cost - t sin t+ 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐
2 2 2
Therefore, this function is differentiable at (0, ∏)
b) Here f(0)=0
f(∏)=0

Therefore, rolls theorem is applicable here. So there exist at least one point such that 𝑓𝑓 ′ (𝑐𝑐) = 0
Therefore, we can say that the particle comes to rest at least once before attaining uniform velocity.
B.1.4 Conclude and comment on the results.
𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤ℎ 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎
5∏
(1 − ) 𝑚𝑚/𝑠𝑠 2
4
However, after reaching the point of ∏ it gets a uniform speed .So there will be no acceleration. Therefore,
3∏
we have not taken the value of velocity at the point of . Rather we have taken the value at the point
2
3∏
of∏. As after ∏ it gets a uniform velocity so there is no acceleration. At the acceleration is zero.
2

<Subject Title> 7
Question No. B.2

## Solution to Question No.B.2.1:

B.2.1 Obtain the Maclaurin series for the kinetic energy as a function of the velocity.
This particular question deals with the concept of Maclaurin Series and to deal with the problems related to
this series. In addition, we need to have basic knowledge about the associated equation of physics in the
question. It also deals with the theory of relativity viz. when a body is moving very fast, with speeds
comparable to speed of light, the mass of the, rest mass, m o . And if the object is moving at a velocity v. Then,
the realistic mass of the object is

## Where c is the speed of light

The Einstein’s mass-energy equivalence says that the total energy of an object of mass m is
𝐸𝐸 = 𝑚𝑚𝑐𝑐 2
Kinetic energy of an object is the energy of the object due to its motion/velocity. In relativity, kinetic energy
of an object is defined to be
𝐾𝐾 = 𝑚𝑚𝑐𝑐 2 – 𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑜 𝑐𝑐 2
But classical physics says that kinetic energy is

Also,

𝒗𝒗𝟐𝟐
If we assume = 𝒙𝒙
𝒄𝒄𝟐𝟐

Then we have
To obtain Taylor series, we have

Hence,

<Subject Title> 8
Then Taylor series is obtained as
(𝑥𝑥 − 𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥)2 (𝑥𝑥 − 𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥)𝑛𝑛
𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥) = 𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥) + 𝑓𝑓 ′ (𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥)(𝑥𝑥 − 𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥) + 𝑓𝑓 ′′ (𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥) + ⋯ + 𝑓𝑓 𝑛𝑛 (𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥) +⋯
2! 𝑛𝑛!
And Maclaurin series can simply be obtained by putting x 0 = 0.
Hence required Maclaurin Series is
(𝑥𝑥 − 0)2 (𝑥𝑥 − 0)𝑛𝑛
𝑓𝑓(𝑥𝑥) = 𝑓𝑓(0) + 𝑓𝑓 ′ (0)(𝑥𝑥 − 0) + 𝑓𝑓 ′′ (0) + ⋯ + 𝑓𝑓 𝑛𝑛 (0) +⋯
2! 𝑛𝑛!
This Maclaurin Series is written in addition form as

## Hence, result of the Maclaurin series is

𝟏𝟏 𝟑𝟑 𝟓𝟓 𝟑𝟑 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 𝟒𝟒
𝒇𝒇(𝒙𝒙) = 𝒙𝒙 + 𝒙𝒙𝟐𝟐 + 𝒙𝒙 + 𝒙𝒙 + ⋯
𝟐𝟐 𝟖𝟖 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏

B.2.2 Show that when 𝑣𝑣 is very small compared to 𝑐𝑐, the expression for 𝐾𝐾 agrees with the classical
Newtonian physics given by .
The kinetic energy can be found out as follows:
𝐾𝐾 = 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 2 – 𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑜 𝑐𝑐 2
Putting the value of m

𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎
𝑲𝑲 = 𝟐𝟐
𝒄𝒄𝟐𝟐 − 𝒎𝒎 0𝒄𝒄𝟐𝟐 R

�𝟏𝟏−𝒗𝒗
𝒄𝒄𝟐𝟐

Taking m 0 c2 common
𝟏𝟏

𝟐𝟐 �𝟏𝟏 𝒗𝒗𝟐𝟐 𝟐𝟐
𝑲𝑲 = 𝒎𝒎 0𝒄𝒄 − � − 𝟏𝟏
𝒄𝒄𝟐𝟐
R

<Subject Title> 9
𝑣𝑣 2
Then, afterwards we can ignore the higher order terms when/if values of are very small, as here we are
𝑐𝑐 2

## considering 𝑣𝑣 very less than 𝑐𝑐 , which is the speed of light.

Hence, for lower speeds, the formula of kinetic energy changes from relativistic form to classical form.

3.4 Conclusions

<Subject Title> 10
Question No. B.3

## Solution to Question No. B.3:

B.3.1 Choose any algorithm to search the index of a given element in vector 𝑋𝑋 and explain.
1) Begin
2) function SearchIndex (a,x);
3) l:=length(a);
4) for i:=1 to l, step 1 do
If a(i)=x)
q=1
break;
else
count=0;
end
end
5)if q=1
Write i;
6) if const=0
Write “The element is not present in the Array\n”;
end
7) End

B.3.2 Write a MATLAB function to implement the above chosen algorithm. The function should accept
the array and an element as input and should output the index of that element in the given array.
function [] = SearchIndexPD(a,x)
b=length(a);
for i=1:1:b
if(a(i)==x)
q=1;
break;
else
q=0;
end
end

if(q==1)
fprintf("%d\n",i);
else
fprintf("not found\n");
end
end

<Subject Title> 11
OUTPUT
>> a=[5 4 8 3 6 7 1]

a=

5 4 8 3 6 7 1

>> SearchIndexPD(a,6)
5
>>

B.3.2 Use MATLAB built-in function ‘find’ to search the index of the required element. Compare and
comment on the results.
This particular code can be used by the inbuilt function ‘find’ to search the index of required element--

x=[1 4 5];
y=5;
k=find(x==y);
disp(k);

This specific code is exceptionally productive in regards to the time and many-sided quality with the code
composed without the discover work. This inbuilt capacity 'find' of MATLAB encourages us to effectively
figure the list of the given number

B.3.3 Conclusions
An arrangement of number for a specific variable, we can without much of a stretch discover position or
record of the specific number in the set by the exhibit work or by utilizing, the inbuilt 'discover' work. In the
working of both the program, the inbuilt capacity 'find' is more reasonable since it is exceedingly good with
the MATLAB.

<Subject Title> 12
Question No. B.4

## Solution to Question No. B.4:

B.4.1 Obtain equations for the temperature at the four intersection points.

## From the above diagram, we can show that—

200 + 200 + 𝑥𝑥3 + 𝑥𝑥4
𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑥𝑥1 =
4
200 + 100 + 𝑥𝑥4 + 𝑥𝑥1
𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑥𝑥2 =
4
200 + 𝑥𝑥1 + 𝑥𝑥4 + 100
𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑥𝑥3 =
4
𝑥𝑥2 + 100 + 100 + 𝑥𝑥3
𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑥𝑥4 =
4
The sets of Linear equation formed are:
4𝑥𝑥1 − 𝑥𝑥2 − 𝑥𝑥3 = 400
−𝑥𝑥1 + 4𝑥𝑥2 − 𝑥𝑥4 = 300
−𝑥𝑥1 + 4𝑥𝑥3 − 𝑥𝑥4 = 300
−𝑥𝑥2 − 𝑥𝑥3 + 4𝑥𝑥4 = 200
The above equation can be brought down to matrix –

4 −1 −1 0 𝑥𝑥1 400
�−1 4 0 −1� �𝑥𝑥2 � = �300�
−1 0 4 −1 𝑥𝑥3 300
0 −1 −1 4 𝑥𝑥4 200

B.4.2 Solve the resultant system to find the temperature at each intersection point in the grid
By using Gauss Jordan Method
4 −1 −1 0 :400
�−1 4 0 −1:300�
−1 0 4 −1:300
0 −1 −1 4 :200
𝑅𝑅2 4𝑅𝑅2 + 𝑅𝑅1
𝑅𝑅3 4𝑅𝑅3 + 𝑅𝑅1

<Subject Title> 13
4 −1 −1 0 : 400
�0 15 −1 −4:1600�
0 −1 15 −4:1600
0 −1 −1 4 : 200
𝑅𝑅3 15𝑅𝑅3 + 𝑅𝑅2
𝑅𝑅4 15𝑅𝑅4 + 𝑅𝑅2
4 −1 −1 0 : 400
�0 15 −1 −4 : 1600 �
0 0 224 −64:25600
0 0 −16 56 : 4600
𝑅𝑅3 𝑅𝑅4
𝑅𝑅3  ; 𝑅𝑅4 
32 8
4 −1 −1 0 : 400
�0 15 −1 −4:1600�
0 0 7 −2: 800
0 0 −2 7 : 575
𝑅𝑅4 7𝑅𝑅4 + 2𝑅𝑅3
4 −1 −1 0 : 400
�0 15 −1 −4:1600�
0 0 7 −2 : 800
0 0 0 45 :5625
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 = 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚, ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
𝑁𝑁𝑁𝑁𝑁𝑁 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎
45𝑥𝑥4 = 5625
7𝑥𝑥3 − 2𝑥𝑥4 = 800
15𝑥𝑥2 − 𝑥𝑥3 − 4𝑥𝑥4 = 1600
4𝑥𝑥1 − 𝑥𝑥2 − 𝑥𝑥3 = 400
𝑇𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏—
𝑥𝑥1 = 175
𝑥𝑥2 = 150
𝑥𝑥3 = 150
𝑥𝑥4 = 125

B.4.3. Write a matlab Script to check for the consistency of the system and obtain the solution:
function[] = linsys(A,B)
M=[A B];
rA=rank(A);
rM=rank(M);
[m,n]=size(A);
if(rA==rM)
fprintf('The System is Consistent')
if(rA==n)
fprintf('The System has Unique Solution')

X=A/B;
fprintf ('The solution of X is \n')
disp(X)

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else
fprintf('The System has Infinite Solution')
end
else
fprintf('The System is Incosistent' )
end

end

## B.4.4 Comment on the results obtained and conclude:

Actually, the given problem turns out to be a four variable equation as there are 4 unknown variable
𝒙𝒙𝟏𝟏 , 𝒙𝒙𝟐𝟐 𝒙𝒙𝟑𝟑 𝒙𝒙𝟒𝟒 there whose values are to be computed. to find the value of these I set four equation which I
have solved it to get the values of the respective variables .The system is consistent and has a unique
solution (as the rank augmented matrix =rank of matrix) which has been verified with the results obtained
using the formed mat lab function .

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