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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Encircle the letter of the best answer.

1. Which among the two classes of flowering plant are the more primitive?
a. Angiosperms c. Gymnosperms
b. Eudicots d. Monocots
2. Crocodiles have been grouped among the reptiles because they are:
a. Endothermic c. Homeothermic
b. Ectothermic d. Poikilothermic
3. Sucrose is a disaccharide composed of:
a. Glucose + glucose c. Glucose + fructose
b. Glucose + galactose d. Fructose + galactose
4. These/This is/are used to fuel the light-independent reactions:
a. ATP c. FAD
b. ATP and NADPH d. NADPH
5. Guttation takes place in:
a. Aerenchyma c. Specialized cells
b. Lenticels d. Stomata
6. The most common illness of teachers is ______.
a. Anemia c. Tuberculosis
b. Tonsilitis d. Urinary tract infection
7. A lot of malnourished children in Africa are found to have poor teeth and eyesight. This is believed to be caused by:
a. Deficiency in iron c. Deficiency in Vitamin B
b. Deficiency in protein d. Deficiency in Vitamin A and D
8. Many areas in the Philippines are proved to progressive flooding. This is believed to be caused by:
a. Wanton cutting of trees
b. Rich rice fields to be irrigated
c. Cultural minority discrimination
d. Water transportation availability
9. Malaria parasites are transmitted by these vectors:
a. Ants c. Anopheles mosquitoes
b. Flies d. Culex mosquitoes
10. Which is/are describe/s the light-independent reactions?
a. Capturing energy from sunlight
b. The formation of organic molecules from CO2
c. Using the energy to make ATP and reducing power in NADPH
d. Both a and b
11. A lot of children in upland areas are prone to goiter. What do they need for their diet?
a. Iron c. Vitamin A
b. Iodine d. Vitamin C
12. The following amino acids are essential to our body except:
a. Cysteine c. Methionine
b. Threonine d. Phenylalanine
13. “Oxygen is released as O2gas into the air and carbon atom combined with water to form carbohydrates.” This is concluded by:
a. Joseph Priestly
b. Jan Ingenhousz
c. Jan Baptista van Helmont
d. Matthias JakobSchleiden
14. DNA is found in ________.
a. Nucleus, ribosomes, cytoplasm
b. Nucleus, mitochondrion, ribosomes
c. Nucleus, mitochondrion, chloroplast
d. Mitochondrion, chloroplast, cytoplasm
15. The epidermal layer composed mainly of dead cells is called _______.
a. Stratum basale c. Stratum spinosum
b. Stratum corneum d. Stratum granulosum
16. This hormone functions as anti-aging hormone:
a. Auxin c. Gibberellin
b. Cytokinin d. Abscisic acid
17. An individual with a type “A” blood can accept what blood types/s?
a. Only type O c. Only types O and B
b. Only types O and A d. Only types A and AB
18. Euglena has light-sensing organ called ______.
a. Contractile vacuole c. Stigma
b. Flagellum d. Pellicle
19. Controlling the opening and closing of stomata is the effect of this hormone:
a. Auxin c. Gibberellin
b. Cytokinin d. Abscisic acid
20. These echinoderms lack distinct arms:
a. Sea stars c. Brittle stars
b. Sea urchin d. Asteroidea
21. Potassium ions enter the cell by ______.
a. Active transport c. Diffusion
b. Endocytosis d. Pinocytosis
22. A person with only one chromosome suffers from ______.
a. Down’s syndrome c. Tay-Sach’s syndrome
b. Turner’s syndrome d. Klinefelter’s syndrome
For your answer in item no. 23, please refer to the box below:

1. As the bases pair together, the sugar and phosphate units also link up.
2. Free nucleotides present in the nucleus attach themselves to the bases of
each separate strand.
3. The DNA strand uncoils and the double strand separates into two single
strands.
4. Finally, two DNA molecules are formed which are exact copies of the
original molecule.
5. With the continuous addition of a nucleotide, each strand elongates.

23. What is the correct sequence of DNA replication process?


a. 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 c. 3, 1, 2, 4, 5
b. 3, 2, 1, 5, 4 d. 2, 1, 3, 4, 5
24. A chromosome is made up of
a. Sugar and DNA c. Histones and DNA
b. RNA and histones d. Sugar and nitrogenous base
25. The role of DNA in the cell include
a. The storage of genetic information
b. Expression of genetic information through the synthesis of specific proteins
c. Self-replication that provides the means by which genetic information can be transmitted from cell to cell
d. All of the above
26. Which among the following statements is the definition of gene in terms of its structure?
a. Gene is the factor that controls the inheritance of a character.
b. Gene carries the message for a certain characteristic in our body.
c. Gene stores a message that determines how a protein should be made in a cell.
d. Gene is a small segment of DNA molecule which controls the formation of a single protein.
27. Select the incorrect association.
a. Large intestine --- absorbs food
b. Stomach --- grinds and liquefies food
c. Pancreas --- secretes digestive enzymes
d. Small intestine --- absorbs fluid and food
28. Each amino acid in a protein is specified by
a. Several genes c. An mRNA molecule
b. A promoter d. A codon
29. If the nucleotide sequence GCAATACAG is transcribed into an mRNA, the complementary strand is ___________.
a. CGUUAUGUC c. GCATTAGCT
b. CGTTATGTC d. TGCCAGTAC
30. A genetic cross between two F1 hybrid individuals for curly hair will yield what percent straight haired offspring in the F2
generation? (Note: curly hair is dominant over straight hair)
a. 100% c. 75%
b. 25% d. 50%
31. To Lamarck, early giraffes had ______ necks. To Darwin, adult giraffes had necks that are ____ in length.
a. Long, varied
b. Short, varied
c. Short, the same
d. The same, varied
32. Change happened because the organisms were able to reshape their bodies in many new ways. This belief is explained by
what theory of Lamarck?
a. Theory of Need
b. Theory of Acquired Traits
c. Theory of Use and Disuse
d. Theory of Natural Selection
33. The following diseases are caused by viruses except
a. AIDS c. Herpes
b. Colds d. Tuberculosis
34. What is the main reason why kingdom monera was divided into two subkingdoms?
a. Monerans differ from each other in terms of mobility.
b. Members of the kingdom monera differ in their habitats.
c. Members of kingdom monera differ in metabolism and nutrition.
d. Evolutionary changes resulted to diverse structure and function of monerans.
35. What do you call the union of egg cells and sperm cell?
a. Implantation
b. Fertilization
c. Surrogation
d. abortion
Transcribe the given DNA triplet codon into mRNA codon and translate it into its respective amino acid
using the genetic code chart given below.

DNA triplet mRNA codon Amino acid


codon

TAC
CGA
GGT
CAT
AAA
AAT
AGA
TGA
GAC
ATC

Prepared by: Ms.Mikee C. Oarmata