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T3 Scotland

Including

Functions and Transformations Challenge

FUNCTIONS AND TRANSFORMATIONS

Aim

The aim of this module is to investigate the effect of the transformation of

y = ƒ(x) to y = ƒ(x) + k, y = k ƒ(x), y = ƒ(x + k), y = ƒ(kx)

or any combination of these, where k is a non-zero real number.

Objectives

Mathematical objectives

• Show and explain the translation of any function by any of the transformations above.

• Explain the effect of combining transformations.

Calculator objectives

By the end of this unit you should be able to:

• Apply transformation to functions via [Y=].

• Draw graphs of all functions using appropriate settings.

• Define a function in terms of one already defined. (Hint Sheet Number 5)

STUDENT TASK

1. Read the Calculator Skills Sheet (page 3) carefully before you start, it may prevent you

encountering difficulties with your TI-83.

2. On the worksheets (Pages 4 to 8), for each pair of equations you must:

i. sketch the graphs obtained using the TI-83 in two colours on the axis.

ii. complete the statements based on your observations.

iii. make a Generalisation bsed upon your observations.

3. On the Pages 9-12 you are to put down your TI-83 and try to complete the

transformations required.

Using the window range given on Skills Sheet Item 4, enter a function on the Y= screen

and get a friend to draw transformations of this function on the grids given on page 12.

You can check the answers using the TI-83.

FUNCTIONS AND TRANSFORMATIONS

Before we can start on this unit of work we must first ensure that your TI-83 is in the correct

MODE, and is going to operate as we want it to.

This is how we do this

MODE

1. Press the button.

The display should look exactly like this.

If it does not look like this, then using the cursor keys

ENTER

highlight the correct item in each line and press to

change the selection.

Notice: There can only be one item in each line highlighted.

Press the 2

nd FORMAT

2. and .

This takes you to the WINDOW FORMAT screen.

It should look like this.

If it does not then using the cursor keys highlight the

ENTER

correct item in each line and press .

CLEAR

Once the screen looks like this press .

Notice: There can only be one item in each line highlighted.

graphed you must choose an appropriate

WINDOW range.

ZOOM 6 or

ZOOM 4

are

both useful for polynomial type functions,

whereas

ZOOM 7 is useful for

trigonometric functions.

used in Pages 10 - 12, follow this

procedure. First ensue that the MODE

ZOOM

screen is set to Radians, then

7 followed by ZOOM 5 .

Once this is done on the WINDOW screen

adjust Xscl = 1.

This gives a range that is good for many

varied graph types.

Task 1

If you know the graph of y = x2 can you draw quickly the graph of

y = x2 + 5 ?

On your calculator draw these two graphs and sketch the results (two colours) on the

axes below.

y y y

x x x

- y = cos (x)

- y = x2 - y = x3

- y = cos (x) + 3

- y = x2 + 5 - y = x3 - 5

y

y

y

x x

x

- y = sin (x) - 3 - y = 2x - y = x3 + x + 3

- y = sin (x) - 3 - y = 2x + 5 - y = x3 + x + 3 + 2

3

or y = x + x + 5

Complete each of these statements:

Conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = f(x) - 3

you_________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

General conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = f(x) + k

you_________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Task 2

If you know the graph of y = x2 can you draw quickly the graph of

y = -x2 ?

On your calculator draw these two graphs and sketch the results (two colours) on the

axes below.

y y y

x x x

- y = x2 - y = x3 + 5 - y=x

- y = -x2 - y = -(x3 + 5) - y = -x

y y y

x x x

x

- y = sin (x) - y=2 - y = x2 - 4x + 7

x

- y = -sin (x) - y = -2 - y = -(x2 - 4x + 7)

General conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = -f(x)

you_______________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

Task 3

If you know the graph of y = x2 can you draw quickly the graph of

y = kx2 ?

Let’s take k = 3, using your calculator draw the following functions and sketch the

y y y

x x x

- y = x2 - y = x2 - 2 - y = x2 + 1

- y = 3x2 - y = 3(x 2 - 2) - y = 3(x 2 + 1)

y y y

x x x

- y = 3sin (x) - y = 3x - y = 3(x 3 + 3x2 - 2)

Conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = 3f(x)

you_______________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

General conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = kf(x)

you_______________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

T3 Scotland Functions and Transformations Page 5 of 12

Task 4

If you know the graph of y = x2 can you draw quickly the graph of

y = (x + 3)2 ?

On your calculator draw these two graphs and sketch (two colours) the results on the

axes below.

y y y

x x x

- y = (x + 3)2 - y=x+3 - y = sin (x + 30 )

y y y

x x

- y = x2 - 5 - y = x2 + 4 - y = x2 -2x + 4

- y = (x + 3)2 - 5 - y = (x + 3)2 + 4 - y = (x+3)2 - 2(x+3) + 4

General conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = f(x + k)

you____________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

_____________________

Task 5

If you know the graph of y = x2 can you draw quickly the graph of

y = (-x)2 .

On your calculator draw these two graphs and sketch (two colours) the results on the

axes below.

Do the same for the other pairs of graphs.

y y y

x x x

- y = x3 - y = 2x - y = x2 + 2

- y = (-x)3 - y = 2(-x) - y = (-x)2 + 2

y y y

x

x

x

x

- y = x2 - 4x - y=2 - y = x3 + 3x2 + 3

- y = (-x)2 - 4(-x) -x - y = (-x)3 + 3(-x)2 + 3

- y=2

General conclusion

Given the graph of y = f(x) to draw the graph of y = f(-x)

you_______________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

_______________

Questions DO NOT USE YOUR GRAPHIC CALCULATOR

y

the graph of

y = x2

(b) On the same grid sketch

the function

y = x2 + 2. x

(c) On the same grid sketch

the function

y = x2 - 3.

sketch the graph of

y = x2

(b) On the same grid

sketch the function

y = (x - 1)2 x

(c) On the same grid

sketch the function

y = (x + 3)2

sketch the graph of

y = x2

(b) On the same grid

sketch the function

y = (-x)2 x

(c) On the same grid

sketch the function

y = (-x)2 + 3

4. The graph of a function f(x) is shown .

On the grids below sketch the following

functions.

(a) f (x) + 1.

(b) f (x) + 2.

(c) f (x + 2).

(d) - f (x).

5. The graph of a function g (x) is shown.

Sketch the following functions:

(a) g (x) + 2.

(b) g (x) - 2.

(c) g (x + 2).

(d) g (x + 2) + 2.

(e) -g (x).

Sketch the following functions:

(a) h (x) - 1.

(b) h (x - 1).

(c) h (x + 2).

(d) h (x + 2) + 1.

Sketch the following functions:

(a) g (t) - 4.

(b) g (t + 2).

(c) -g (t).

(d) -g (t) + 3.

(e) g (-t).

Sketch the following functions:

(a) f (x) + 4.

(b) f (x + 2).

(c) -f (x).

(d) f (-x).

Grids for Questions 5 - 8 and for students own functions

Grids for Questions 5 - 8 and for students own functions

12 of 12

Functions and Transformations Challenge

By using your knowledge of transformations.

Can you create the the screen dumps below starting with Y1 = √(1- x²).

Use ZDecimal window.

e.g. Y2 = Y1(X - 2) + 2

Create these.

Functions and Transformations Challenge

A Solution

Create these.

previous ones. i.e. not all in terms of Y1.

It is also possible to draw some of them as circles using the DRAW menu !!

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