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DESIGN OF SUBSTRUCTURE

Minor Bridge at Chainage 12+600


ABUTMENT
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

Sketch of Abutment

6.44 0.3 Formation Level : 321.053

0.6 13 8 0.780

12 0.210 0.780
12a 0.210
slop V1:H 1.5 0.420
320.273
2.559
7 0.300 319.973
3.838 317.894 1.985 0.300
0 0.720 0.000

6a 6c 0.905

H.F.L 319.068
0.758 6.583

3E

11
6b
6

G.L 317.565
Level 316.390 0.872

Scour level 315.889


3

313.390 1.4125

0.850 1E 9 4E 0.850
4 5 2 0.486
312.540
Founding
0.650 3 1 Lvl 311.890 0.650

2.600 1.000 3.300


6.90
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

DESIGN DATA

Formation Level = 321.053 m


Bed Level = 317.565 m
Lowest Water Level = 311.890 m ( at founding level)
Highest Flood Level = 319.068 m
Founding Level = 311.890
Founding Level for calculation = 311.890 m
Skew Angle = 15.000 Degree
Thickness of bearing & pedestal = 0.000 m
Width of base raft = 14.490 m
Width of abutment = 14.490 m
Width of base raft (skew) = 15.001 m (skew width)
Width of abutment (skew) = 15.001 m (skew width)
Bouyancy factor = 1.0
Scour Level = 316.587 m
Gross Safe bearing capacity = 26.80 t/sqm
Dry density of earth = 2.000 t/cum
Submerged density of earth = 1.000 t/cum
Span (c/c of exp. joint) = 10.000 m (skew length)
Width of crash barrier = 0.500 m
Depth of Superstructure = 0.700 m
Thickness of wearing coat = 0.065 m
3
Unit wt of concrete = 2.500 t/m (dry condition)
3
Unit wt of concrete (Considering Bouyancy effect) = 1.500 t/m
Thickness of Return wall at Top = 0.500 m
Thickness of Return wall at Bottom = 0.600 m
Grade of Concrete for base raft - M 35
Grade of Concrete for stem wall - M 35
Grade of Reinforcement - Fe 500 (HYSD)

Forces and Moments for Base Pressure Check


Forces & moments due to Abutment (Concrete) components (L.W.L. condition)
( base pressure check) (dry condition)
HORIZONTAL SEISMIC COEFFICIENT, (ah) = 0 TRANSVERE SEISMIC COEFFICIENT, (at) =
VERTICAL SEISMIC COEFFICIENT, (av) = 0.0000
Factor : Rectangular = 1.0 Triangular = 0.5

Element C.G.from M' about C.G. from M' about


Component Length Width Height Weight
No. toe (m) toe-(t.m) edge (m) edge

1 3.300 15.00 0.650 80.44 1.650 -132.73 7.25 -582.81


Toe Slab
2 3.300 15.00 0.850 52.60 2.200 -115.72 7.25 -381.07
3 2.600 15.00 0.650 63.38 5.600 -354.93 7.25 -459.19
Heel Slab
4 2.600 15.00 0.850 41.44 5.167 -214.11 7.25 -300.24
Stem Wall in
5 1.000 15.00 1.500 56.25 3.800 -213.77 7.25 -407.56
foundation
6 0.758 15.00 5.678 161.51 3.921 -633.26 7.25 -1170.17

6a 0.720 15.00 0.605 16.34 3.940 -64.36 7.25 -118.36


Stem wall
6b 0.242 15.00 5.678 25.71 3.461 -88.99 7.25 -186.29

6c 0.038 15.00 0.605 0.44 3.567 -1.56 7.25 -3.16

0.420 15.00 0.300 4.73 3.790 -17.91 7.25 -34.24


7 Cap
0.720 15.00 0.300 8.10 3.580 -29.00 7.25 -58.69
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

8 Dirt Wall 0.300 15.00 1.080 12.15 4.150 -50.43 7.25 -88.03
Bracket 0.240 15.00 0.200 1.80 4.392 -7.91 7.25 -13.04
Pedestal 0.775 0.70 0.000 0.00 3.790 0.00 7.25 0.00
9 2.69 0.50 0.425 1.43 6.033 -8.63 0.25 -0.36
11 2.69 0.52 5.678 20.04 5.600 -112.24 0.26 -5.26
Return Wall (on one
12 2.69 0.51 1.985 6.84 5.600 -38.32 0.26 -1.75
side)
12a 3.97 0.50 2.559 6.35 7.767 -49.34 0.25 -1.59
13 3.97 0.50 0.600 2.98 8.200 -24.43 0.25 -0.74
TOTAL 562.54 -2157.63 -3812.56

Forces & moments due to Earth (due to self weight of soil)

Length Width Height Weight C.G.from M' about C.G. from M' about
S.no Component
(m) (m) (m) (t) toe (m) toe edge (m) edge

1 1E 2.600 14.45 0.425 31.94 6.033 -192.69 7.25 -231.38


3 3E 2.600 14.45 7.663 575.8 5.600 -3224.72 7.25 -4171.99
4 4E 3.300 15.00 0.425 42.08 1.100 -46.29 7.25 -304.86
5 4E' 3.300 15.00 2.499 247.42 1.650 -408.24 7.25 -1792.56
TOTAL 897.3 -3871.9 -6500.8

Forces & moments due to DL (Superstructure), SIDL& Live load


Long. Centrifugal
S. N. Load Vertical load Longitudinal Moment Transverse moment Moment Moment
Force Force
1 DL (Girder + Slab) 109.375 -414.531 108.83
SIDL - CB 16.379 -62.077 16.297
2
SIDL - WC 29.880 -113.245 29.731
Class 3A Lane 73.390 -278.148 142.74 66.831 560.240 0.000 0.000
Class 70RW+A 89.980 -341.023 282.70 66.831 560.240 0.000 0.000
3
Class 70RT+A 81.287 -308.076 229.39 66.831 560.240 0.000 0.000
Min A 0.000 0.000 0.00 66.831 560.240 0.000 0.000

Forces & moments due to Weight of Return wall


S. N. Load Vertical load Longitudinal Moment Transverse moment

1 Dry case 37.65 252.05


2 HFL case 35.41 237.09

Forces & moments due to Abutment (Concrete) components (H.F.L. condition)


Length Width Height Weight
Element C.G.from M' about C.G. from M' about
Component Seis. H'l
No. toe (m) toe-(t.m) edge (m) edge
(m) (m) (m) (t) Force
1 3.300 15.001 0.650 48.27 1.650 -79.64 7.25 -349.69 -
Toe Slab
2 3.300 15.001 0.850 31.56 2.200 -69.43 7.25 -228.64 -
3 2.600 15.001 0.650 38.03 5.600 -212.96 7.25 -275.51 -
Heel Slab
4 2.600 15.001 0.850 24.86 5.167 -128.47 7.25 -180.14 -
Stem Wall in
5 1.000 15.001 1.500 33.75 3.800 -128.26 7.25 -244.54 -
foundation

6 0.758 15.001 5.678 96.91 3.921 -379.96 7.25 -702.10 0.00

6a 0.720 15.001 0.605 16.34 3.940 -64.36 7.25 -118.36 0.00


Stem wall
6b 0.242 15.001 5.678 30.86 3.461 -106.79 7.25 -223.55 0.00

6c 0.038 15.001 0.605 0.87 3.567 -3.12 7.25 -6.33 0.00

0.420 15.001 0.300 4.73 3.790 -17.91 7.25 -34.24 0.00


7 Cap
0.720 15.001 0.300 8.10 3.580 -29.00 7.25 -58.69 0.00
8 Dirt Wall 0.300 15.001 1.080 12.15 3.870 -47.02 7.25 -88.03 0.00
Bracket 0.240 15.001 0.200 1.80 4.392 -7.91 7.25 -13.04 0.000
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

Pedestal 0.775 0.700 0.000 0.00 3.790 0.00 7.25 0.00 0.00
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

9 2.69 0.50 0.425 0.86 6.033 -5.18 0.25 -0.21 -


11 2.69 0.52 5.678 12.03 5.600 -67.34 0.26 -3.15 0.00
(dry wt) 0.00
Return Wall (on one side)
12 2.69 0.51 1.985 6.84 5.600 -38.32 0.26 -1.75 0.00
12a 3.97 0.50 2.56 12.71 7.767 -98.69 0.25 -3.18 0.00
13 3.97 0.50 0.60 2.98 8.200 -24.43 0.25 -0.74 0.00
TOTAL 383.63 -1508.78 -2531.91 0.000
Forces & moments due to Earth (HFL Condition) (due to self weight of soil)
(base pressure check)
Length Width Height Weight C.G.from M' about C.G. from M' about Seis. H'l
S.no Component
(m) (m) (m) (t) toe (m) toe edge (m) edge Force
1 1E 2.600 14.45 0.425 15.97 6.033 -96.34 7.25 -115.69 -
3 3E 2.600 14.45 5.678 213.3 5.600 -1194.70 7.25 -1545.64 0.00
2.600 14.45 1.985 149.2 5.600 -835.32 7.25 -1080.70 0.00
4 4E 3.300 15.00 0.425 21.04 1.100 -23.14 7.25 -152.43 -
5 4E' 3.300 15.00 2.499 123.71 1.650 -204.12 7.25 -896.28
TOTAL 523.2 -2353.6 -3790.7 0.000

L.L.Surcharge (due to self weight of LL surcharge)


Element Length Width Height Weight C.G.from M' about C.G. from M' about
Component
No. (m) (m) (m) (t) toe (m) toe (t.m) edge (m) edge
1 EARTH 2.600 15.001 1.200 93.61 5.600 -524.20 7.245 -678.18407

HEIGHT OF ABUTMENT

Total height of abutment = Formation Level - Founding Level = 9.163 m

CALCULATION OF ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE

2
1
9.163

Active Earth Pressure Surcharge


COEFFICIENT OF ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE
AS PER COULOMB'S THEORY, COEFFICIENT OF ACTIVE EARTH PRESSURE IS
Ka = SIN2 (a+f)
SIN2a. SIN(a-d) SIN(a + f).SIN(f - i)
2

1+ SIN(a - d).SIN(f + i)
WHERE
f= f =
o
ANGLE OF INTERNAL FRICTION OF EARTH 30 = 0.524 Radian
a= ANGLE OF INCLINATION OF BACK OF WALL a = 90 o
= 1.571 Radian
d= ANGLE OF INTERNAL FRICTION BET. WALL&EARTH d = 20.00 o
= 0.349 Radian
i= ANGLE OF INCLINATION OF BACKFILL i = 0 o
= 0 Radian
HERE
Ka = 0.297
COEFFICIENT OF EARTH PRESSURE IN HORIZONTAL DIRECTION Kah = 0.279

Active Earth Pressure


L.W.L. Service Condition
Element Pressure C.G. from Moment
Component Area factor Height (m) Force (t)
No. (t/m2) base (m) (tm)

1 LL Surcharge 1.0 1.200 0.671 92.17 4.582 422.26


2 Dry Earth 0.5 9.163 5.120 351.89 3.848 1354.22
TOTAL 444.05 1776.48
Earth Pressure on Return wall
Element Pressure C.G. from Moment
Component Area factor Height (m) Force (t) Transverse Moment
No. (t/m2) base (m) (tm)
Return wall LL
1 1.0 1.20 0.671 14.598 4.044 59.033
Surcharge
Return wall earth
2 0.5 8.088 4.519 49.194 4.047 199.086
pressure
Earth pressure on
3 0.5 1.88 1.050 3.920 8.073 31.648
cantilever Return wall
Cantilever Return wall
4 1.0 1.88 0.671 5.007 2.219 11.109
LL Surcharge
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

Abutment Construction Condition


Net force = 444.05 - 92.17 = 351.89 t
Net moment = 1776.48 - 422.26 = 1354.22 tm
H.F.L. Service Condition

Element Pressure C.G. from Moment


Component Area factor Height (m) Force (t)
No. (t/m2) base (m) (tm)

1 LL Surcharge 1.0 1.200 0.671 92.17 4.582 422.26


2 0.5 1.985 1.109 16.51 8.012 132.30
Dry Earth
3 1.0 7.178 1.109 119.43 3.589 428.64
4 Submerge 0.5 7.178 2.005 107.97 2.393 258.34
TOTAL 336.08 1241.54

Earth Pressure on Return wall


Element Pressure C.G. from
Component Area factor Height (m) Force (t) Transverse Moment
No. (t/m2) base (m)
Return wall LL
1 1.0 1.200 0.671 14.598 4.044 59.03
Surcharge
0.5 1.985 1.109 2.963 7.587 22.48
Return wall earth
2 1.0 6.103 1.109 18.221 3.702 67.44
pressure
0.5 6.103 1.705 14.01 2.684 37.59
Earth pressure on
3 For Simplicity Calculation of Transverse moment with considering Dry case 42.76
cantilever Return wall

Passive Pressure
cos2(a+f)
Kp =
cos a cos(d-a)[ 1 - {sin(f+d)sin(f+b)/(cos(d-a)sin(a-b))}0.5]2
2

Degrees Radians
a = Angle of wall w.r.t. Vertical = 0.0 0.000
b = Slope of filling = 0.0 0.000
d = Angle of wall friction = 19.3 0.337
f = Angle of internal friction = 29.0 0.506
c = 0.0

Therefore,
Kp = 5.600

Passive Pressure = kp g z + 2 c (kp)^0.5 =


2
Dry = 35.831 + 0.000 = 35.831 T/m
2
HFL = 13.437 + 0.000 = 13.437 T/m

Passive force Dry = 1074.75 + 0.00 = 1074.75 t


HFL = 403.03 + 0.00 = 403.03 t

Factor of Safety = 2.0 Passive force Dry = 537.37 t


Factor of Safety = 2.0 HFL = 201.52 t

Dry Condition
Active Earth pressure force upto founding level = 444.05 t including LL Surcharge
Passive Earth pressure force = 537.37 t
Active Earth pressure force below scour level = 190.90 t
Kp-Ka shall be considered and Active force below scour level shall not be considered

HFL Condition
Active Earth pressure force upto founding level = 336.08 t including LL Surcharge
Passive Earth pressure force = 201.52 t
Active Earth pressure force below scour level = 128.81 t
Kp-Ka shall be considered and Active force below scour level shall not be considered

Active Earth Pressure


LWL (Dry) Condition upto Founding level considering Earth pressure below scour level as zero
Element Pressure C.G. from Moment
Component Area factor Height (m) Force (t)
No. (t/m2) base (m) (tm)
1 LL Surcharge 1.0 1.200 0.671 67.03 5.831 390.85
2 Dry Earth 0.5 6.664 3.724 186.12 5.298 986.05
TOTAL 253.15 1376.90
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

HFL Condition upto Founding level considering Earth pressure below scour level as zero
Element Pressure C.G. from Moment
Component Area factor Height (m) 2 Force (t)
No. (t/m ) base (m) (tm)
1 LL Surcharge 1.0 1.200 0.671 67.03 5.831 390.85
2 0.5 1.985 1.109 16.51 8.012 132.30
Dry Earth
3 1.0 4.679 1.109 77.85 4.839 376.69
4 Submerge 0.5 4.679 1.307 45.88 4.464 204.81
TOTAL 207.27 1104.65

Abutment Construction Condition

Net force = 336.08 - 92.17 = 243.92


Net moment = 1241.54 - 422.26 = 819.28

Length Height Unit wt Pressure H'force e Moment


Minimum fluid pressure 15.001 9.16 0.48 4.40 302.281 3.05 923.27

SUMMARY OF LOADS FROM SUPERSTRUCTURE

DL + SIDL = 125.75 t
L.L. REACTION Class 3A = 73.390 t
Class 70RW+A 89.980
Normal HFL
TRANSVERSE MOMENT @ X-X 835.63 tm 749.10
TRANSVERSE MOMENT @ L'-L' = 216.28 tm 193.88
TRANSVERSE MOMENT @ L-L = 807.16 tm 723.57

PROPERTIES OF FOOTING BASE : C Y D

3
2
1 14.490
X X
15

B 3.883
3.261 A
7.143 Y

a) Determination of x coordinate CG (y axis Position)


Area Area CG from C Moment of area
along X (m3)
1 0.5*3.88*14.49 28.129 3.88*2/3 = 2.588 72.810
2 3.261*14.49 47.249 3.88+3.261/2 = 5.513 260.485
3 0.5*3.88*14.49 28.129 3.88+3.261+3.88/3 = 8.438 237.344
Total 103.508 570.639
570.639
Location of yy axis = = 5.513 m
103.508

b) Determination of CG along y axis :


Area Area CG from C Moment of area
along Y (m3)
1 0.5*3.88*14.49 28.129 14.49*1/3 = 4.830 135.865
2 3.261*14.49 47.249 14.49/2 = 7.245 342.321
3 0.5*3.88*14.49 28.129 14.49*2/3 = 9.660 271.729
Total 103.508 749.915

749.915
Location of xx axis = = 7.245 m
103.508
c) Moment of Inertia about xx axis (Ixx):

= 328.113 + 164.057 + 826.706 + 3.7273E-29 328.113 + 164.057


= 1811.045 m4

d) Moment of Inertia about yy axis (Iyy):


= 23.557 + 240.5990007 + 41.87 + + +0 23.557 + 240.599001
= 570.180 m4

e) Product of inertia (Ixy)


= 28.13 * 2.92 * 2.42 + 28.13 * -2.92 * -2.42
= 397.350 m4
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

f) Inclination of principal axis

Tan2q = 2 Ixy = -0.640


Iyy - Ixx
2q = -32.637
q = -16.319
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

Y
V

L'
U
-16.32 15
L 91.32
91.32 -16.32
X
15 X
15

U
L'

V
Y

h) Properties
Ixx + Iyy = 1190.612 m4
2 2
Ixx - Iyy = 384936.70 m4
2

(Ixy)2 = 157887.34 m4
Iuu = Ixx - Iyy + Ixx - Iyy
x Cos 2q - Ixy . Sin2q
2 2
4
= 1927.378 m

Ivv = Ixx - Iyy - Ixx - Iyy


x Cos 2q + Ixy . Sin2q
2 2
= 453.846
Ixx + Iyy = Iuu + Ivv
2381.225 = 2381.225 m4 Hence OK

Iuu
Iuu = 1927.378 A,C Zuu A

D
= =

=
6.49502016
P
A
P
A
P
A
P
A
+

-
M
Z
M
Z
M
Z
M
Z
u

u
u

u
u

= 296.747067 m3
Zvv = Ivv
3.600
= 126.05394 m3
Ivv = 453.846 Iuu
B,D Zuu = 8.502
= 226.693 m3
Zvv = Ivv
3.26
= 139.42 m3
Equilibrium Check - LWL
Class 3A 70RW+A 70RT+A Min A
SN Loads Factor
U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V
1 Vertical loads
Dead load of substructure -562.54 -562.54 -562.54 -562.54 0.95
Dead load of Earth weight -897.28 -897.28 -897.28 -897.28 0.95
Dead load of Superstructure -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - CB -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - WC -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 1
Live load of Surcharge -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 1.2
Live load -73.39 -89.98 -81.29 0.00 1.5
Longitudinal Moment
Dead load of substructure -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 0.95
Dead load of Earth weight -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 0.95
Dead load of Superstructure -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - CB -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 0.95
2 Dead load of SIDL - WC -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 1
Live load of Surcharge -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 1.2
Live load -6.40 -278.07 -7.85 -340.93 -7.09 -307.99 0.00 0.00 1.5
Earth pressure 22.69 985.79 22.69 985.79 22.69 985.79 22.69 985.79 1.5
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 8.99 390.75 8.99 390.75 8.99 390.75 8.99 390.75 1.2
Horizontal Bearing Force 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 1.05
Transverse Moment
Dead load of substructure -3658.97 -1071.24 -3658.97 -1071.24 -3658.97 -1071.24 -3658.97 -1071.24 0.95
Dead load of Earth weight -4518.55 -1322.91 -4518.55 -1322.91 -4518.55 -1322.91 -4518.55 -1322.91 0.95
Dead load of Superstructure -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - CB -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 0.95
3 Dead load of SIDL - WC -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 1
Live load of Surcharge -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 1.2
Live load -373.30 -109.29 -354.33 -103.74 -345.05 -101.02 0.00 0.00 1.5
Earth pressure 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 1.5
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 1.2
Transverse Bearing Force 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05
Horizontal Force
4 Earth pressure 253.08 -5.83 253.08 -5.83 253.08 -5.83 253.08 -5.83 1.00
Horizontal Force 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 1.00
Transverse Force
5
Earth pressure Return wall 20.43 -69.79 20.43 -69.79 20.43 -69.79 20.43 -69.79 1.00
Combination f= 29 degree m= 0.554
Vertical load -1758.59 -1783.47 -1770.44 -1648.51
Overturning Moments 1022.32 2233.76 1022.32 2233.76 1022.32 2233.76 1022.32 2233.76
Resisting Moment -10308.0 -9921.8 -10281.8 -10007.7 -10266.7 -9954.3 -9738.5 -9340.7
Horizontal Force 337.65 -94.39 337.65 -94.39 337.65 -94.39 337.65 -94.39
Sliding check -2.9 10.3 -2.9 10.5 -2.9 10.4 -2.7 9.7
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Overturning Check -10.1 -4.4 -10.1 -4.5 -10.0 -4.5 -9.5 -4.2
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK

Equilibrium Check - HFL


Class 3A 70RW+A 70RT+A Min A
SN Loads Factor
U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V
Vertical loads
Dead load of substructure -383.63 -383.63 -383.63 -383.63 0.95
Dead load of Earth weight -523.22 -523.22 -523.22 -523.22 0.95
1 Dead load of Superstructure -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - CB -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - WC -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 0.95
Live load of Surcharge -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 1
Live load -73.39 -89.98 -81.29 0.00 1.5

Longitudinal Moment
Dead load of substructure -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 0.95
Dead load of Earth weight -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 0.95
Dead load of Superstructure -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - CB -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 0.95
2 Dead load of SIDL - WC -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 1
Weight due to Live load of Surcharge -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 1.2
Live load reaction -6.40 -278.07 -7.85 -340.93 -7.09 -307.99 0.00 0.00 1.5
Earth pressure 16.43 713.61 16.43 713.61 16.43 713.61 16.43 713.61 1.5
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 1.2
Horizontal Bearing Force 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 1.05
Transverse Moment
Dead load of substructure -2429.91 -711.41 -2429.91 -711.41 -2429.91 -711.41 -2429.91 -711.41 0.95
Dead load of Earth weight -2777.86 -813.28 -2777.86 -813.28 -2777.86 -813.28 -2777.86 -813.28 0.95
Dead load of Superstructure -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 0.95
Dead load of SIDL - CB -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 0.95
3 Dead load of SIDL - WC -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 1
Live load of Surcharge -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 1.2
Live load -373.30 -109.29 -354.33 -103.74 -345.05 -101.02 0.00 0.00 1.5
Earth pressure 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 1.5
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 1.2
Transverse Bearing Force 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05
Horizontal Force
4 Earth pressure 207.22 4.77 207.22 4.77 207.22 4.77 207.22 4.77 1.00
Horizontal Force 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 1.00
Transverse Force
5
Earth pressure Return wall 15.40 -56.35 15.40 -56.35 15.40 -56.35 15.40 -56.35 1.00
Combination f= 29 degree m= 0.554
Vertical load -1213.06 -1237.94 -1224.90 -1102.97
Overturning Moments 913.96 1833.95 913.96 1833.95 913.96 1833.95 913.96 1833.95
Resisting Moment -7486.8 -9095.8 -7460.5 -9181.7 -7445.4 -9128.3 -6917.2 -8514.7
Horizontal Force 286.75 -70.36 286.75 -70.36 286.75 -70.36 286.75 -70.36
Sliding check -2.3 9.6 -2.4 9.8 -2.4 9.7 -2.1 8.7
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Overturning Check -8.2 -5.0 -8.2 -5.0 -8.1 -5.0 -7.6 -4.6
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Stability Check - LWL
Class 3A 70RW+A 70RT+A Min A
SN Loads Factor
U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V
1 Vertical loads
Dead load of substructure -562.54 -562.54 -562.54 -562.54 1
Dead load of Earth weight -897.28 -897.28 -897.28 -897.28 1
Dead load of Superstructure -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - WC -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 1
Live load of Surcharge -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 1
Live load -73.39 -89.98 -81.29 0.00 1
Longitudinal Moment
Dead load of substructure -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 1
Dead load of Earth weight -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 1
Dead load of Superstructure -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 1
2 Dead load of SIDL - WC -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 1
Live load of Surcharge -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 1
Live load -6.40 -278.07 -7.85 -340.93 -7.09 -307.99 0.00 0.00 1
Earth pressure 22.69 985.79 22.69 985.79 22.69 985.79 22.69 985.79 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 1
Horizontal Bearing Force 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 1
Transverse Moment
Dead load of substructure -3658.97 -1071.24 -3658.97 -1071.24 -3658.97 -1071.24 -3658.97 -1071.24 1
Dead load of Earth weight -4518.55 -1322.91 -4518.55 -1322.91 -4518.55 -1322.91 -4518.55 -1322.91 1
Dead load of Superstructure -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 1
3 Dead load of SIDL - WC -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 1
Live load of Surcharge -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 1
Live load -373.30 -109.29 -354.33 -103.74 -345.05 -101.02 0.00 0.00 1
Earth pressure 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 1
Transverse Bearing Force 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1
Horizontal Force
4 Earth pressure 253.08 -5.83 253.08 -5.83 253.08 -5.83 253.08 -5.83 1
Horizontal Force 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 1
Transverse Force
5
Earth pressure Return wall 20.43 -69.79 20.43 -69.79 20.43 -69.79 20.43 -69.79 1
Combination f= 29 degree m= 0.554
Vertical load -1782.45 -1799.04 -1790.35 -1709.06
Overturning Moments 858.83 1649.89 858.83 1649.89 858.83 1649.89 858.83 1649.89
Resisting Moment -10445.2 -10022.5 -10427.7 -10079.8 -10417.7 -10044.1 -10065.5 -9635.1
Horizontal Force 337.65 -94.39 337.65 -94.39 337.65 -94.39 337.65 -94.39
Sliding check -2.9 18.9 -3.0 19.1 -2.9 19.0 -2.8 18.1
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Overturning Check -12.2 -6.1 -12.1 -6.1 -12.1 -6.1 -11.7 -5.8
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK

Stability Check - LWL


Class 3A 70RW+A 70RT+A Min A
SN Loads Factor
U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V
Vertical loads
Dead load of substructure -383.63 -383.63 -383.63 -383.63 1
Dead load of Earth weight -523.22 -523.22 -523.22 -523.22 1
1 Dead load of Superstructure -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - WC -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 1
Live load of Surcharge -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 1
Live load -73.39 -89.98 -81.29 0.00 1

Longitudinal Moment
Dead load of substructure -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 -49.65 -2157.06 1
Dead load of Earth weight -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 -79.70 -3462.78 1
Dead load of Superstructure -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 -9.54 -414.42 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 -1.43 -62.06 1
2 Dead load of SIDL - WC -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 -2.61 -113.22 1
Weight due to Live load of Surcharge -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 -12.06 -524.06 1
Live load reaction -6.40 -278.07 -7.85 -340.93 -7.09 -307.99 0.00 0.00 1
Earth pressure 16.43 713.61 16.43 713.61 16.43 713.61 16.43 713.61 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 9.72 422.15 1
Horizontal Bearing Force 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 537.67 157.42 1
Transverse Moment
Dead load of substructure -2429.91 -711.41 -2429.91 -711.41 -2429.91 -711.41 -2429.91 -711.41 1
Dead load of Earth weight -2777.86 -813.28 -2777.86 -813.28 -2777.86 -813.28 -2777.86 -813.28 1
Dead load of Superstructure -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 -760.50 -222.65 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 -113.89 -33.34 1
3 Dead load of SIDL - WC -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 -207.76 -60.83 1
Live load of Surcharge -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 -650.86 -190.55 1
Live load -373.30 -109.29 -354.33 -103.74 -345.05 -101.02 0.00 0.00 1
Earth pressure 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 1
Transverse Bearing Force 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1
Horizontal Force
4 Earth pressure 207.22 4.77 207.22 4.77 207.22 4.77 207.22 4.77 1
Horizontal Force 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 64.14 -18.78 1
Transverse Force
5
Earth pressure Return wall 15.40 -56.35 15.40 -56.35 15.40 -56.35 15.40 -56.35 1
Combination
Vertical load -1229.49 -1246.08 -1237.38 -1156.10
Overturning Moments 783.88 1357.60 783.88 1357.60 783.88 1357.60 783.88 1357.60
Resisting Moment -7395.8 -5690.3 -7378.2 -5747.6 -7368.2 -5711.9 -7016.1 -5302.9
Horizontal Force 286.75 -70.36 286.75 -70.36 286.75 -70.36 286.75 -70.36
Sliding check -2.4 9.7 -2.4 9.8 -2.4 9.7 -2.2 9.1
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Overturning Check -9.4 -4.2 -9.4 -4.2 -9.4 -4.2 -9.0 -3.9
OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

SLS QUASI PERMENANT BASE PRESSURE AND DESIGN OF FOUNDATION


Calculation of Base pressure
Class 3A 70RW+A 70RT+A Min A
SN Loads Factor
U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V
1 Vertical loads
Dead load of substructure -562.54 -562.54 -562.54 -562.54 1
Dead load of Earth weight -897.28 -897.28 -897.28 -897.28 1
Dead load of Superstructure -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - WC -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 1
Live load of Surcharge -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 0
Live load -73.39 -89.98 -81.29 0.00 0
Longitudinal Moment
Dead load of substructure -4.990 -216.802 -4.990 -216.802 -4.990 -216.802 -4.990 -216.802 1
Dead load of Earth weight -17.864 -776.123 -17.864 -776.123 -17.864 -776.123 -17.864 -776.123 1
Dead load of Superstructure -0.856 -37.178 -0.856 -37.178 -0.856 -37.178 -0.856 -37.178 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -0.128 -5.567 -0.128 -5.567 -0.128 -5.567 -0.128 -5.567 1
2 Dead load of SIDL - WC -0.234 -10.157 -0.234 -10.157 -0.234 -10.157 -0.234 -10.157 1
Live load of Surcharge -4.631 -201.202 -4.631 -201.202 -4.631 -201.202 -4.631 -201.202 0
Live load -0.574 -24.946 -0.704 -30.585 -0.636 -27.630 0.000 0.000 0
Earth pressure 22.690 985.786 22.690 985.786 22.690 985.786 22.690 985.786 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 9.717 422.150 9.717 422.150 9.717 422.150 9.717 422.150 0
Horizontal Bearing Force 537.671 157.415 537.671 157.415 537.671 157.415 537.671 157.415 0.5
Transverse Moment
Dead load of substructure -252.46 -73.91 -252.46 -73.91 -252.46 -73.91 -252.46 -73.91 1
Dead load of Earth weight 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1
Dead load of Superstructure -104.44 -30.58 -104.44 -30.58 -104.44 -30.58 -104.44 -30.58 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -15.64 -4.58 -15.64 -4.58 -15.64 -4.58 -15.64 -4.58 1
3
Dead load of SIDL - WC -28.53 -8.35 -28.53 -8.35 -28.53 -8.35 -28.53 -8.35 1
Live load of Surcharge 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
Live load -136.99 -40.11 -79.43 -271.31 -64.45 -220.15 0.00 0.00 0
Earth pressure 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 221.44 64.83 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 67.32 19.71 0
Combination
Vertical load -1615.456 -1615.456 -1615.456 -1615.456
Resisting Moment 87.81 -33.93 87.81 -33.93 87.81 -33.93 87.81 -33.93
Pressure at A 16.927 16.927 16.927 16.927
Pressure at B 17.195 17.195 17.195 17.195
Pressure at C 14.287 14.287 14.287 14.287
Pressure at D 14.019 14.019 14.019 14.019
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

HFL Normal case


Calculation of Base pressure
Class 3A 70RW+A 70RW Min A
SN Loads Factor
U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V U-U V-V
1 Vertical loads
Dead load of substructure -383.63 -383.63 -383.63 -383.63 1
Dead load of Earth weight -523.22 -523.22 -523.22 -523.22 1
Dead load of Superstructure -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 -109.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 -16.38 1
Dead load of SIDL - WC -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 -29.88 1
Live load of Surcharge -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 -93.61 0
Live load -73.39 -89.98 -81.29 0.00 0
Longitudinal Moment
Dead load of substructure -4.263 -185.194 -4.263 -185.194 -4.263 -185.194 -4.263 -185.194 1
Dead load of Earth weight -12.622 -548.371 -12.622 -548.371 -12.622 -548.371 -12.622 -548.371 1
Dead load of Superstructure -104.444 -30.578 -104.444 -30.578 -104.444 -30.578 -104.444 -30.578 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -15.641 -4.579 -15.641 -4.579 -15.641 -4.579 -15.641 -4.579 1
2 Dead load of SIDL - WC -28.533 -8.354 -28.533 -8.354 -28.533 -8.354 -28.533 -8.354 1
Live load of Surcharge 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0
Live load -136.993 -40.108 -79.432 -271.311 -64.453 -220.148 0.000 0.000 0
Earth pressure 18.853 819.063 18.853 819.063 18.853 819.063 18.853 819.063 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 9.717 422.150 9.717 422.150 9.717 422.150 9.717 A

D
422.150 =

=
P
A
P
A
P
A
P
A
+

-
M
Z
M
Z
M
Z
M
Z
u

u
u

u
u
0 +

Horizontal Bearing Force 537.671 157.415 537.671 157.415 537.671 157.415 537.671 157.415 0.5
Transverse Moment
Dead load of substructure -237.55 -69.55 -237.55 -69.55 -237.55 -69.55 -237.55 -69.55 1
Dead load of Earth weight 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1
Dead load of Superstructure -104.44 -30.58 -104.44 -30.58 -104.44 -30.58 -104.44 -30.58 1
Dead load of SIDL - CB -15.64 -4.58 -15.64 -4.58 -15.64 -4.58 -15.64 -4.58 1
3 Dead load of SIDL - WC -28.53 -8.35 -28.53 -8.35 -28.53 -8.35 -28.53 -8.35 1
Live load of Surcharge 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
Live load -136.99 -40.11 -79.43 -271.31 -64.45 -220.15 0.00 0.00 0
Earth pressure 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 163.42 47.84 1
Pressure due to Live load surcharge 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 56.65 16.59 0
Transverse Bearing Force 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1
Combination
Vertical load -1062.490 -1062.490 -1062.490 -1062.490
Resisting Moment -369.40 -23.23 -369.40 -23.23 -369.40 -23.23 -369.40 -23.23
Pressure at A 10.364 10.364 10.364 10.364
Pressure at B 3.305 3.305 3.305 3.305
Pressure at C 15.508 15.508 15.508 15.508
Pressure at D 17.224 17.224 17.224 17.224
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

SUMMARY OF BASE PRESSURES (L.W.L CASE)


Pressure at edge of Face of wall Deff
CASE A B C D A' B' C' D' A'' B''
NORMAL CASE t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2
SERVICE CONDITION Class 3A 16.927 17.195 14.287 14.019 15.536 15.804 15.383 15.115 16.132 16.399
70RW+A 16.927 17.195 14.287 14.019 15.536 15.804 15.383 15.115 16.132 16.399
70RW 16.927 17.195 14.287 14.019 15.536 15.804 15.383 15.115 16.132 16.399
A Min 16.927 17.195 14.287 14.019 15.536 15.804 15.383 15.115 16.132 16.399

SUMMARY OF BASE PRESSURES (H.F.L. CASE) Pressure at edge of Face of wall Deff
CASE A B C D A' B' C' D' A'' B''
NORMAL CASE t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2
SERVICE CONDITION Class 3A 10.364 3.305 15.508 17.224 13.645 9.141 10.910 14.639 12.241 6.643
70RW+A 10.364 3.305 15.508 17.224 13.645 9.141 10.910 14.639 12.241 6.643
70RW 10.364 3.305 15.508 17.224 13.645 9.141 10.910 14.639 12.241 6.643
A Min 10.364 3.305 15.508 17.224 13.645 9.141 10.910 14.639 12.241 6.643

Downward forces at
A B C D A' B' C' D' A" B"
t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2
LWL Case 8.323 8.323 18.651 18.651 8.748 8.748 19.076 19.076 8.566 8.566
HFL Case 4.324 4.324 11.473 11.473 4.749 4.749 9.648 9.648 4.567 4.567

Net pressure Pressure at edge of Face of wall Deff


CASE A B C D A' B' C' D' A'' B''
NORMAL CASE t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2
SERVICE CONDITION Class 3A 8.604 8.872 -4.364 -4.632 6.788 7.056 -3.693 -3.961 7.566 7.833
70RW+A 8.604 8.872 -4.364 -4.632 6.788 7.056 -3.693 -3.961 7.566 7.833
70RW 8.604 8.872 -4.364 -4.632 6.788 7.056 -3.693 -3.961 7.566 7.833
A Min 8.604 8.872 -4.364 -4.632 6.788 7.056 -3.693 -3.961 7.566 7.833

SUMMARY OF BASE PRESSURES (H.F.L. CASE)


CASE
NORMAL CASE
SERVICE CONDITION Class 3A 6.040 -1.019 4.035 5.751 8.896 4.392 1.262 4.991 3.674 -1.923
70RW+A 6.040 -1.019 4.035 5.751 8.896 4.392 1.262 4.991 3.674 -1.923
70RW 6.040 -1.019 4.035 5.751 8.896 4.392 1.262 4.991 3.674 -1.923
A Min 6.040 -1.019 4.035 5.751 8.896 4.392 1.262 4.991 3.674 -1.923
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

Design Forces Calculation


Toe Moment Heel Moment Shear Forces Shear Force at Deff Toe Deff Moment
CASE at B' at A' at C' at D' at C' at D' at B' at A'
NORMAL CASE t-m/m t-m/m t-m/m t-m/m t-m/m t-m/m
SERVICE CONDITION Class 3A 45.011 43.554 16.262 17.166 12.218 12.914 13.547 14.052 28.804 29.757
70RW+A 45.011 43.554 16.262 17.166 12.218 12.914 13.547 14.052 28.804 29.757
70RW 45.011 43.554 16.262 17.166 12.218 12.914 13.547 14.052 28.804 29.757
A Min 45.011 43.554 16.262 17.166 12.218 12.914 13.547 14.052 28.804 29.757

SUMMARY OF BASE PRESSURES (H.F.L. CASE)


CASE
NORMAL CASE
SERVICE CONDITION Class 3A 4.275 38.071 -9.092 -12.960 -5.245 -7.477 11.863 2.331 17.305 -5.239
70RW+A 4.275 38.071 -9.092 -12.960 -5.245 -7.477 11.863 2.331 17.305 -5.239
70RW 4.275 38.071 -9.092 -12.960 -5.245 -7.477 11.863 2.331 17.305 -5.239
A Min 4.275 38.071 -9.092 -12.960 -5.245 -7.477 11.863 2.331 17.305 -5.239

Summary of Design forces


Heel Bending Moment = 17.166 Toe Bending Moment = 45.011 Toe Deff
Shear force = 12.914 Shear force = 14.052 Bending Moment = 29.757
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

Design Constants
fy = 500 MPa
fck = 35 MPa
Es = 200 GPa (Cl. 6.2.2, IRC: 112-2011)
Ecm = 32 Gpa (Table 6.5, IRC: 112-2011) m1 = 6.2500
D (Heel) = 1.500 m D (Toe) 3 = 1.50 D (Toe) 3' = 1.136
d (Heel) = 1.403 m d (Toe) 3 = 1.403 d (Toe) 3' = 1.189

Check for Strength {ULS: Basic Combination (Max Bending Moment)}


Xu,max/d Rlim dmin pt,req/100 R pt,lim Xu
0.0035/ Xu,max d
Section 0.362*fck*(Xu,max/d) dprovided Ast,req 41.61*(fck/fy) Ast,lim Ast,provided Check (0.87*fy*Ast)/ Check
(0.0055+ (m) *(1-0.416Xu,max/d)
√(Mu/Rlim*b) (Check) Ast,req/bd Mu/bd2 *(Xu,max/d) (0.362*fck*b)
0.87Fy/Es)

Heel 0.456 0.640 4.682 281.727 1403.0 OK 0.000 0.189 612.72 1.328 18635.6 2060.885 OK 70.757 Under-reinf
Toe 0.456 0.640 4.682 454.894289 1403.0 OK 0.001 0.492 1614.01 1.328 18635.6 2513.274 OK 86.288 Under-reinf

Check for Shear {ULS: Basic Combination (Max Shear Force as per Clause 10.3.2 & 10.3.3 of IRC: 112-2011)}
K αcc ϒm fcd σcp ρ1 VRd.c1 Vmin VRd.c2 VEd
Section Ved 1+√(200/d)
Ned Ned/Ac Asl Asl/(bw.d) (0.12*K*(80*ρ1*fck)^0.33 0.031*K3/2*f (vmin+0.15.σc
VRd.c 0.5*bw*d*0.6*(1- Check
Cl. 6.4.2.8 αcc*fck/ϒm +0.15*σcp)*bw.d
<=2 <=0.2*fcd <=0.02 ck1/2 p)bw.d fck/310)*fcd
Shear Reinf
Heel Section 2 23.702 1.378 0.670 1.500 15.633 0 0.000 2060.88 0.001 36.985 0.297 41.602 41.602 583.716
not reqd

Shear Reinf
Toe Section 3' 25.461 1.410 0.670 1.500 15.633 0 0.000 2513.27 0.002 36.182 0.307 36.519 36.519 494.754
not reqd

Check for Stresses (SLS: Rare & Quasi-Permanent Combination)


m2 = = 8.8
Rare Combination Quasi Permanent Combination
Xu 2nd MOI, Icr Comp Tensile Comp Tensile
Permissi
Stress, Stress, Permissible Stress, Permissible Stress,
Section m Moment ble Moment
Concrete Check Steel Check Concrete Check Steel
(Ton-m) (Ton-m)
(-m*Ast+ √(m2*Ast2 m*M*(d- m*M*(d-
b*Xu3/3+ m*Ast*(d-Xu)^2 M*Xu/Icr 0.48*fck 0.60*fy M*Xu/Icr 0.36*fck
+2*b*d*m*Ast))/b Xu)/Icr Xu)/Icr
Heel 2 8.817 208.368 2.89E+10 24.622 1.77 16.8 OK 89.59 300 OK 17.166 1.236 12.6 OK 62.46
Toe 3 8.716 226.992 3.42E+10 69.05 4.58 16.8 OK 206.98 300 OK 45.011 2.988 12.6 OK 134.93

Check for Crack Width (SLS: Quasi Permanent Combination)


Check for Crack Width in Concrete (Clause 12.3.3, IRC: 112-2011)
Ast,min fct,eff kc σc
Section Ast, provided fctm Max of 2.9 or
h h* k1 k Xu h-Xu Act Check
kc*k*fct,eff*Act/σs 0.4[1-σc/(k1.(h/h*).fct,eff)]<=1 NEd/bh
fctm

Heel 2 2060.885 1852.520 2.5 2.9 0.4 1.500 1 1.5 0 1 701.500 798.50 798500 OK
Toe 3 2513.274 1852.520 2.5 2.9 0.4 1.500 1 1.5 0 1 701.500 798.50 798500 OK

Calculation of Crack Width (Clause 12.3.4, IRC: 112-2011)


c k1 k2 ρρ.eff Sr,max εsm-εcm Wk
Section 5 (c+φ/2) σsc kt fct,eff 0.6*σsc/Es Check
(σsc-kt (fct,eff/ρρ.eff)*
Cover 0.8 or 1.6 0.5 or 1.0 As/Ac,eff (3.4c+0.425k1k2φ)/ρρ.eff Sr,max* (εsm-εcm)
(1+αe.ρρ.eff))/Es
Heel 2 50 300 0.8 0.5 0.008 570.071 62.46 0.5 2.9 -0.00059 0.000187 0.107 OK
Toe 3 50 300 0.8 0.5 0.010 498.058 134.93 0.5 2.9 -0.00007 0.000405 0.202 OK
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

INTERACTION DIAGRAM
Traffic direction
1000.00
826.00 Section dimensions of pier shaft
As1 Length, B = 15001 mm ( equivalent length of pier shaft)
Thickness,D = 1000 mm

Material properties
fck = 35 Mpa
fyk = 500 Mpa
15001 As3 As4 14827 Es = 200000 Mpa

Design axial resistance of section


NRd = Ac * fcd + As * fyd
fcd = acc xfck /gm acc = 0.67
= 15.633 Mpa gm = 1.5
As2 fyd = fyk/gs gs = 1.15
NA = 434.782609 Mpa
Xu NRd = 28382.1889 ton
Vertical Reinforcement Details
Spacing Cover From Actual
Reinf. Dia.(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) To (mm) YCG (mm) Nos. Spacing
As1 16 150 75 220 1046 523.00 7.00 137.67
As2 16 150 75 220 1046.00 523.00 7.00 137.67
As3 32 137 75 91 14918 7459.08 110.00 136.03
As4 16 137 75 83 14910 7455.08 110.00 136.03

Total Vertical Reinforcement Total Horizontal Reinforcement


As3 (Along length Tension face) = 88467.2 mm2 (as per Cl. 16.3.2, IRC: 112-2011)
2
As4 (Along length Compression face) = 22116.8 mm Total horoizontal reinforcement
As2 (Along width Tension face) = 1407.43 mm2 = Max of 25% of total vertical Reinforcement
As1 (Along width Compression face) = 1407.43 mm2 & 0.001 Ac
2 2
Total As = 113399 mm = 28349.7 mm
= 0.76 % Provide 16 160 on each face
Formula used for interaction diagram Ast provided = 37702.0 OK
Pu = Cc +Cs
Mu = Mc + Ms Provided Vertical reinforcement per meter length
2
= 7371.70 mm
Cc = 0.361*fck*Xu*b for Xu < D
= 0.447*fck*(1-4*g/21)*b*D for Xu > D Required Horizontal reinforcement on both side
2
= 1842.93 mm
2
g = 16 / ( 7Xu / D-3)
Required horizontal reinforcement on each side
2
Cs = (fsi - fci ) Asi = 921.46 mm

fci = 0.00 for esi < 0 Provide 16 160 on each face


0.447 fck for esi > 0.002 Ast provided = 1256.6 OK
0.447fck 2* (esi/0.002)-(esi/0.002)2 otherwise

fsi = -0.87 fy for esi < -0.00217


esi * Es for 0.00217 >esi > -0.00217
0.87fy for esi > 0.00217

Mc = Cc * ( 0.5D -x )

Ms = Csi * yi

x = 0.416 Xu for Xu < D


= (0.5 - 8*g /49)* D/(1-4*g/21) for Xu > D
Where x = Centroid of stress block area from most compressed edge.

esi = 0.0035 * Xu- D/2 +yi for Xu < D


Xu
= 0.002* 1+ yi - D/14 for Xu > D
Xu - 3D/7
Where yi = Distance of ith row of steel from the centroidal axis measured positive
in the direction towards the highly compressed edge.
Along traffic direction
Xu/D = 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2
B (mm) = 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001
D(mm) = 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Xu (mm) = 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
< 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
Cc (ton) = 1895.40 3790.79 5686.19 7581.58 9476.98 11372.37 13267.77 15163.16 17058.56 18953.96 20849.35 22744.7
yi (compr. face
= 417 417 417 417 417 417 417 417 417 417 417 417
in mm)
yi (tension face
= -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409 -409
in mm)
esi(compr. face
= 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003 0.003
in mm)
Design of Abutment at CH. 12+600

< 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 1.002 2.002
esi (tension face
= -0.028 -0.012 -0.007 -0.004 -0.003 -0.002 -0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001
in mm)
< 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 1.002 2.002
fci (comp.face
= 7.924 15.645 15.645 15.645 15.645 15.645 15.645 15.645 15.645 15.645 11.501 12.506
in Mpa)
fsi(comp.face in
= 119.000 409.500 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000 435.000
Mpa)
fci (tension face
= 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.586 7.635 9.577
in Mpa)
fsi (tension face
= -435.000 -435.000 -435.000 -435.000 -435.000 -360.500 -209.000 -95.375 -7.000 63.700 113.787 150.889
in Mpa)
Cs ( ton) = -3602.661 -2977.244 -2920.846 -2920.846 -2920.846 -2261.765 -921.486 83.723 865.553 1450.443 1875.745 2184.570
Mc (ton-m) = 868.849 1580.002 2133.457 2529.216 2767.277 2847.642 2770.310 2535.281 2142.555 1592.132 884.012 18.196
Ms (ton-m) = 1676.407 1937.206 1960.724 1960.724 1960.724 1691.160 1142.986 731.855 412.087 172.867 6.489 -121.656
Pu (ton) = -1707.265 813.547 2765.341 4660.736 6556.132 9110.61 12346.28 15246.89 17924.11 20404.40 22725.10 24929.32
Mu (ton-m) = 2545.256 3517.208 4094.181 4489.940 4728.002 4538.802 3913.296 3267.136 2554.642 1764.999 890.502 -103.460

Mu (ton-m) Pu (ton) 35000


2545.26 -1707.27 30000
3517.21 813.55
4094.18 2765.34 25000
4489.94 4660.74 20000
4728.00 6556.13
4538.80 9110.61 15000
Pu(t)

3913.30 12346.28 10000


3267.14 15246.89
5000
2554.64 17924.11
1765.00 20404.40 0
890.50 22725.10 -1000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000
-5000
-103.46 24929.32
Mu(t-m)
Interaction diagram

P-M Interaction Curve for Transverse Moment


Along transverse direction
Xu/D = 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2
B (mm) = 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000
D(mm) = 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001 15001
Xu (mm) = 1500.12 3000.23 4500.35 6000.46 7500.58 9000.69 10500.81 12000.92 13501.04 15001.15 16501.27 18001.38
< 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15 15001.15
Cc (ton) = 1895.40 3790.79 5686.19 7581.58 9476.98 11372.37 13267.77 15163.16 17058.56 18953.96 20849.35 22744.7
yi (compr. face
= 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58 7417.58
in mm)
yi (tension face
= -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58 -7409.58
in mm)
esi(compr. face
= 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
in mm)
> 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
esi (tension face
= -0.03 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
in mm)
< 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
fci (comp.face
= 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65 15.65
in Mpa)
fsi(comp.face in
= 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00 435.00
Mpa)
fci (tension face
= 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 4.55 7.24
in Mpa)
fsi (tension face
= -435.00 -435.00 -435.00 -435.00 -435.00 -435.00 -293.93 -169.69 -73.06 4.25 63.19 106.85
in Mpa)
Cs ( ton) = -2.20 -2.20 -2.20 -2.20 -2.20 -2.20 17.65 35.14 48.74 59.57 67.27 73.04
Mc (ton-m) = 13033.74 23701.85 32004.32 37941.15 41512.35 42717.91 41557.84 38032.14 32140.79 23883.82 13261.21 272.96
Ms (ton-m) = 891.44 891.44 891.44 891.44 891.44 891.44 744.32 614.76 513.99 433.71 376.65 333.92
Pu (ton) = 1893.19 3788.59 5683.98 7579.38 9474.78 11370.17 13285.42 15198.30 17107.30 19013.53 20916.62 22817.79
Mu (ton-m) = 13925.18 24593.28 32895.75 38832.59 42403.78 43609.35 42302.17 38646.90 32654.78 24317.53 13637.85 606.88

35000

Mu (ton-m) Pu (ton) 30000


13925.18 1893.19
25000
24593.28 3788.59
32895.75 5683.98 20000
Pu(t)

38832.59 7579.38
42403.78 9474.78 15000
43609.35 11370.17
10000
42302.17 13285.42
38646.90 15198.30 5000
32654.78 17107.30
24317.53 19013.53 0
13637.85 20916.62 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000
Mu(t-m)
606.88 22817.79
Interaction diagram