You are on page 1of 5

MATRIX

Q1 : A manufacturing unit A makes 15 colour television sets and 80 black white


television sets in a month. Another unit B makes 40 colour T.V. sets and 100
black and white T.V. sets in a month . Represent this information into matrix
form and find the production of each unit in 7 months.

1 2 3 0 1 2
Q2 : If A = 5 4 6 and B = 3 4 8 , Find a) 2A+3B and b) 4A+B .
7 8 9 5 3 9

1 0 2 3 1 1
Q3 If A = 0 2 3 and B = 1 2 3 , Find 3A + 6B + 2I .
1 2 3 0 2 2

Q4 : If A = -1 3 2 , B= 2 -1 4 , C = 1 -1 5 ,
2 5 7 0 5 1 -1 4 1

then find 2A - 3B + 5C and 1/2A - B + 1/3C .

1 1 -1 -1 -2 -1 -1 -1 1
Q5 : If A = 2 -3 4 , B = 6 12 6 ,C= 2 2 -2
3 -2 3 5 10 5 -3 -3 3

Prove that AB and CA are null matrices .

Q6 : If A = 2 3 1 , B= 1 -2 , Find AB and BA .
0 2 -1 3 0
-1 2

2 -3 5 2 -2 -4
Q7 : If A = -1 4 5 and B = -1 3 4 , verify that AB=A and BA=B .
1 -3 -4 1 -2 -3

1 -4
Q8 : If A = 2 4 -2 1 and B = 0 -2 , Find AB .
3 5 0 6 2 -3
3 1
2 0 0 x1 y1 z1
Q9 : If A = 0 2 0 and B = x2 y2 z2 , Prove that AB = BA = 2B .
0 0 2 x3 y3 z3

Q10: IF A = 1 1 -1 and B = 1 3 ,C= 1 2 3 -4 , Find ABC .


2 0 3 0 2 2 0 -2 1
3 -1 2 -1 4

Q11: A Co-operative Society has 10 dozen books of Physics , 8 dozen books of


Chemistry and 5 dozen books of Mathematics. Selling price of each book is
Rs.8.30,Rs.3.45 and Rs.4.50 respectively . How much amount will be
received from selling all the books? Solve the problem by method of matrix .

Q12: A manufacture sells three articles in markets of Indore and Bhopal as shown
below. Find the total revenue from each city using matrix algebra :

City Articles
A B C
Indore 10,000 25,000 30,000
Bhopal 9,000 15,000 20,000
Sale price per unit Rs. 3 Rs. 4 Rs. 2

Q13: A contractor builds three types of houses. The building materials required are given
in the form of matrix A and the cost involved in purchasing and transportation of
each one of the building materials are given in the form of
T
matrix B.Obtain multiplication AB of these two matrices and interpret the
result obtained :
Sand Cement Bricks Steel
Type X 15 20 200 5
Type Y 28 40 150 15 = A
Type Z 31 60 300 8

Sand Cement Bricks Steel


Purchases 7 5 4 9 = B
Transpotation 3 8 6 5

Q14: A student wishes to purchase three objects A , B , C. He can purchase object A in


Rs.9, object B in Rs.8 and object C in Rs 25 from shop P. He can purchase object A
in Rs. 6, object B in Rs. 10 and C in Rs. 20 from shop Q. He can purchase object A
in Rs. 5, object B in Rs. 15 and C in Rs. 23 from shop R. He can purchase object A
in Rs. 12, object B in Rs. 10 and C in Rs. 18 from shop S.The student has to
purchase 1 object A , 2 object B and 1 object C. From where should he purchase all
three objects so that it costs him the least ?
1 2 1 2 3
Q15: If A = 0 1 -1 , Find A and A .
3 -1 1
3 2
Hence show that : A - 3A – A + 9I = 0 .

Q16: If I = 1 0 and E= 0 1
0 1 0 0
3 3 2
Show that : ( aI + bE ) = a I + 3a bE .

5 4 -2 3
Q17: If A = 4 5 -2 , Find A
-2 -2 2

Hence show that : ( A -10 I ) ( A - I ) = 0

Q18: A manufacturer manufactures three items P, Q and R and sells them in two
markets I , II . Annual sales are given below :
Market Items
P Q R
I 6,000 2,000 3,000
II 8,000 4,800 2,000

If the sales price of each unit of P,Q and R are Rs. 4,Rs. 3 and Rs. 2 respectively,
Then find the total revenue of each market using matrix .

Q19: A manufacturer produces three products A,B,C which are sold in Delhi and
Mumbai .The annual sales if the products are given below. If the sales prices of the
products A,B,C per unit is Rs. 2 , 3 and 4 respectively,calculate total revenue at
each place by using matrix :
Commodities
A B C
Delhi 5,000 75,000 15,000
Mumbai 9,000 12,000 8,700

Q20: In a certain city there are 25 colleges and 100 schools . Each school and college has
5 peons,2 clerk 1 cashier.Each college has in addition 1 accountant and 1 head
clerk. The monthly salary of each of them is as follows :
Peon : Rs 300, Clerk : Rs. 500, Cashier : Rs. 600, Accountant : Rs. 700 and
Head Clerk : Rs. 800 .Using matrix notation, find :
(i)The total no. of posts of each kind in schools and colleges taken together,
(ii)The total monthly salary bill of each school and college separately and
(iii)The total monthly salary bill of each school and college together .
Q21: Find the adjoint of matrix A where
1 4 0
A= -1 2 0
0 0 2

2 -1 1
Q22: If A = -1 2 -1 , find adj A .
1 -1 2

1 0 -1
Q23: If A = 3 4 5 , Show that :
0 -6 7

A(adj A) = (adj A)A = A I .

Instruction For Q 24 to 27: Find the inverse of the matrix given below :

1 2 3
Q24: A= 0 1 1
2 4 1

2 -2 3
Q25: A= 1 0 -3
3 4 0

1 4 3
Q26 : A = 4 2 1
3 2 2

1 0 0
Q27: A= 2 1 0
3 2 2

Instruction for Q28 to Q30 : Prove that :

-1
Q28: 0 1 2 1/ 2 -1/ 2 1/ 2
1 2 3 = -4 3 1
3 1 1 5/ 2 -3/ 2 1/ 2

-1
Q29: 1 2 3 -4 1 2
3 2 2 = 13 -2 -7
1 3 5 -7 1 4
-1
Q30: 1 2 3 7/ 2 -3 1/ 2
1 3 4 = - 1/ 2 0 1/ 2
1 4 3 - 1/ 2 1 - 1/ 2

1 2 1
Q31: Find out the inverse of matrix A= 3 2 3 , Also verify that .
1 1 2
-1 -1
AA = A A = I

2 -1 1
Q32: Show that the matrix A = -1 2 -1 satisfies the equation
1 -1 2
3 2 -2
A - 6A + 9A – 4I = 0 and hence or otherwise deduce A

Instruction for Q33 to 35 : Using elementary ( row or column ) operation find the
inverse of the following matrix :

1 2 -1
Q33: A = 2 5 4
3 7 4

-1 2 1
Q34: A = -1 0 2
2 1 -3

2 3 3
Q35: A= 3 4 7
1 1 2