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ANATOMY TRAINS and NKT “Grey Box” Info

Column 1: Structures listed in the Myofascial Tracks of Myers’ Anatomy Trains book (2 nd ed.)

Column 2: Antagonist Muscles, as per Weinstock’s “grey boxes” as listed in NKT book, with
corresponding anatomy trains of those muscles

Column 3: Synergist Muscles, as per Weinstock’s “grey boxes” as listed in NKT book, with
corresponding anatomy trains of those muscles

1: The Superficial Back Line (SBL)


Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists
Galea Aponeurotica/Epicranial Fascia n/a n/a
Sacrolumbar Fascia/Erector Spinae Abdominals (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, Calf Muscles (SBL, SFL, LL,
IFL), Hip Flexors(SFL, LL, SPL, SPL, DFL), Hamstrings
FFL, IFL, DFL) (SBL), Glute Max (LL, BFL),
Lumbar Erectors (SBL), QL
(LL, DFL), Cervical Erectors
(SBL)
Sacrotuberous Ligament n/a n/a
Hamstrings Hip Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, Calf Muscles (SBL, SFL, LL,
IFL, DFL), Knee Extensors (SFL, SPL, DFL), Glute Max (LL,
LL, SPL), Medial Rotators of BFL), Piriformis*, QL (LL,
Flexed Knee (SBL, SFL, SPL) DFL), Lumbar Extensors
(SBL), Neck Extensors
(SBL, LL, SPL, SBAL)
Triceps Surae (Plantaris, Ankle Dorsiflexors (SFL, LL, Flexor Hallucis Longus
Gastrocnemius, Soleus), Achilles SPL), Knee Extensors (SFL, LL, (SBL), Gastrocnemius
Tendon SPL) (SBL), Soleus (SBL) ,
Hamstrings (SBL), Glute
Max (BFL), Lumbosacral
Area (SBL, BFL, DFL), Neck
Extensors (SBL, LL, SPL,
SBAL)
Plantar Fascia and Short Toe Flexors Extensor Hallucis Longus (SFL), Ankle Dorsiflexors (SFL, LL,
Extensor Digitorum Longus SPL), Ankle Plantarflexors
(SFL) (SBL, LL, SPL, SFL), Flexor
Digitorum Longus (SBL),
Flexor Hallucis Longus
(SBL), Hamstrings (SBL),
Glute Max (LL, BFL),
Lumbar Extensors (SBL)
Notes:

 *Regarding the Piriformis: Myers states “The deep lateral rotators, although they are crucial to
the understanding and optimization of human plantigrade posture, do not fit easily into the
Anatomy Trains schema.” See “Fans of the Hip” [alternative title]: Part 1:
http://www.massagetherapy.com/articles/index.php/article_id/412/The-Deep-Six-Part-1 and
Part 2: http://www.massagetherapy.com/articles/index.php/article_id/443/The-Deep-Six-Part-II
This article is included in the 3rd edition of Anatomy Trains.

2: The Superficial Front Line (SFL)


Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists
Scalp Fascia n/a n/a
Sternocleidomastoid Neck Extensors (SBL, LL, SPL, Abdominals (SFL, LL, SPL,
SBAL) FFL, IFL), Psoas (DFL), Hip
Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, IFL,
DFL)
Sternalis/Sternochondral Fascia n/a n/a
Rectus Abdominis Lumbar Erectors (SBL SPL), Pec Major (SFAL FFL), Neck
Glute Max (LL, BFL), QL (LL, Flexors (SFL, DFL),
DFL) Diaphragm (DFL)
Rectus Femoris Calf Muscles (SBL, SFL, LL,
SPL, DFL), Hamstrings (SBL), Other Quads (SFL), Tibialis
Glute Max (LL, BFL), Lumbar Anterior (SFL, SPL), Hip
Erectors (SBL, APL) Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, IFL,
DFL), Abdominals (SFL, LL,
SPL, FFL, IFL), Neck Flexors
(SFL, LL, DFL)
*Other Muscles of the Quadriceps Knee Flexors (SBL,IFL DFL), Other Quads (SFL), Knee
Medial Hamstrings (SBL), Extensors (SFL, LL, SPL),
Biceps Femoris (SPL) Tibialis Anterior (SFL, SPL),
Iliopsoas (DFL), Hip
Adductors (FFL, DFL), IT
Band (LL, SPL), TFL (LL, SPL),
Iliacus (DFL)
Subpatellar Tendon n/a n/a
Tibialis Anterior Ankle Plantarflexors (SBL, Quadriceps (SFL), Iliopsoas
LL, DFL), Foot Evertors (LL) (DFL), Extensor Hallucis
Longus (SFL), Muscles of
Medial Arch (SPL), Hip
Adductors (FFL, DFL)
Short and Long Toe Extensors, Anterior Flexor Hallucis Longus (SBL), Extensor Digitorum Longus
Crural Compartment Flexor Digitorum Longus (SFL), Tibialis Anterior (SFL,
(SBL), Plantar Flexors (SBL, SPL), Quadriceps (SFL), Hip
LL, SPL, SFL) Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, IFL,
DFL), Ankle Dorsiflexors
(SFL, LL, SPL), Iliopsoas (DFL)
Notes:

 *Myers states “the strictest interpretation of the SFL would include only the rectus femoris,” but
includes the other 3 as part of the line to “ensure that the rectus…is free to do its job at both hip
and knee.” Though Myers lists simply “rectus femoris/quadriceps” on the list of SFL muscles, I
have listed rec. fem. and the others on separate lines due to the more detailed information in
Weinstock’s book; I have chosen not to list the 3 other quads separately for the sake of brevity.

3. The Lateral Line (LL)


Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists
Splenius Capitis/Sternocleidomastoid Contralateral Lateral Erector Spinae (SBL),
Flexion (LL)* Levator Scapula (DBAL),
Upper Trapezius (SBAL),
Psoas (DBAL), Obliques (LL,
SPL, IFL), QL (LL, DFL)
External and Internal Intercostals Not discussed in NKT book Not discussed in NKT book
Lateral Abdominal Obliques Low Back Muscles (SBL, SPL, Contralateral Obliques
BFL, DFL), Ipsilateral (rotation – LL, SPL),
Obliques (rotation – LL, Ipsilateral Obliques (side-
SPL), Contralateral Obliques bending – LL, IFL), Other
(side-bending – LL, IFL) Abdominals (flexion – SFL,
FFL)
Gluteus Maximus Hip Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, Calf Muscles (SBL, SFL, LL,
FFL, IFL, DFL) SPL, DFL), Popliteus (DFL),
Hamstrings (SBL), Lumbar
Extensors (SBL, LL, SPL),
Neck Extensors (SBL, LL,
SPL, SBAL)
Gluteus Medius Hip Adductors (FFL, DFL), Peroneus (LL, SPL), TFL (LL,
Hip Lateral Rotators (“Hip SPL), Glute Minimus (“Hip
Fan”) Fan”), Glute Max (LL, BFL),
QL (LL, DFL), Obliques (LL,
SPL, IFL), Lateral Neck
Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, SFAL,
DBAL)
Tensor Fasciae Latae Hip Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, Peroneus (LL, SPL), Vastus
DFL), Hip Lateral Rotators Lateralis (BFL), Glute Med
and Adductors (“Hip Fan”, (LL), Glute Min (“Hip Fan”),
FFL, DFL), Knee Flexors QL (LL, DFL), Obliques (LL,
(SBL,IFL DFL) SPL, IFL), Lateral Neck
Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, SFAL,
DBAL)
Anterior Ligament of Head of Fibula n/a n/a
Peroneal Muscles, Lateral Crural Foot Invertors with Peroneals (LL, SPL),
Compartment Plantarflexion (SFL, SPL, Extensor Digitorum (SFL),
DFL), Ankle Dorsiflexors TFL (LL, SPL), Glute Med
(SFL, LL, SPL) (LL), Glute Min (“Hip Fan”),
QL (LL, DFL), Obliques (LL,
SPL, IFL), Lateral Neck
Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, SFAL,
DBAL)
Notes:

 *Lateral Flexion/Abduction of the Neck is not a motion addressed directly in the NKT
book. The muscles generally regarded as the operators in this movement are the same
as those involved in Cervical Rotation. That stated, in the LL, the muscles at this level are
limited to the Splenius Capitis and SCM, the Antagonists and Synergists described above
are purely my conjecture based on my education and experience. See also this site for a
list of muscles involved in this motion:
http://www.exrx.net/WeightExercises/Sternocleidomastoid/LVNeckLtrFlx.html

4. The Spiral Line (SPL)


Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists
Splenius Capitis and Cervicis
Rhomboids Major and Minor Pec Minor (DFAL), Serratus Middle Trapezius (SBAL),
Anterior (SPL) Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL),
QL (LL, DFL)
Serratus Anterior Rhomboids (SPL, DBAL), Upward Scapular Rotators
Middle Trapezius (SBAL), (SPL, SBAL), Scapular
Downward Scapular Rotators Protractors (SPL, DFAL)
(SPL, DFAL, DBAL), Scapular
Protractors (SPL, DFAL)
External Oblique Low Back Muscles, Ipsilateral Contralateral External Oblique
Internal Oblique (rotation – (rotation – SPL), Ipsilateral
SPL), Opposite Obliques (side- Internal Oblique (side-
bending – LL) bending – LL), Other
Abdominals (flexion – SFL)
Abdominal Aponeurosis, Linea Alba n/a n/a
Internal Oblique Low Back Muscles (SBL, SPL, Contralateral External Oblique
BFL), Ipsilateral External (rotation – SPL), Ipsilateral
Oblique (rotation – SPL), Internal Oblique (side-
Opposite Obliques (side- bending – LL), Other
bending – LL) Abdominals (flexion – SFL)
Tensor Fasciae Latae, Iliotibial Tract Hip Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, Peroneus (LL, SPL), Vastus
DFL), Hip Lateral Rotators and Lateralis (BFL), Glute Med
Adductors (“Hip Fan”, FFL, (LL), Glute Min (“Hip Fan”), QL
DFL), Knee Flexors (SBL,IFL (LL, DFL), Obliques (LL, SPL,
DFL) IFL), Lateral Neck Flexors (SFL,
LL, SPL, SFAL, DBAL)
Tibialis Anterior Ankle Plantarflexors (SBL, LL, Quadriceps (SFL), Iliopsoas
DFL), Foot Evertors (LL) (DFL), Extensor Hallucis
Longus (SFL), Muscles of
Medial Arch (SPL), Hip
Adductors (FFL, DFL)
Peroneus Longus Foot Invertors (SFL, SBL, DFL), TFL (LL, SPL), Glute Med (LL),
Ankle Dorsiflexors (SFL, LL, Glute Min (“Hip Fan”), QL (LL,
SPL) DFL), Obliques (LL, SPL, IFL),
Lateral Neck Flexors (SFL, LL,
SPL, SFAL, DBAL)
Biceps Femoris Hip Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, Calf Muscles (SBL, SFL, LL, SPL,
IFL, DFL), Knee Extensors (SFL, DFL), Glute Max (LL, BFL),
LL, SPL), Medial Rotators of Piriformis (“Hip Fan”), QL (LL,
Flexed Knee (SBL, SFL, SPL) DFL), Lumbar Extensors (SBL),
Neck Extensors (SBL, LL, SPL,
SBAL)
Sacrotuberous Ligament n/a n/a
Sacrolumbar Fascia, Erector Spinae Opposite Rotation, Obliques Thoracic Rotation:
(LL SPL), Contralateral Cervical Rotators (SBL,
Erectors Spinae (SBL, SPL) SFL, LL, SPL), Lumbar
Rotators (SBL, LL, SPL,
BFL)
Lumbar Rotation:
Contralateral Thoracic
Rotators (SBL, LL, SPL,
BFL), Ipsilateral Cervical
Rotators (SBL, LL, SPL)
Notes:

 “In the case of a pronated foot, you will often find that the tibialis anterior is locked long
[inhibited] and the peroneus is locked short [facilitated]…in a supinated foot, the reverse
applies.”
5. The Arm Lines
A. Deep Front Arm Line (DFAL)

Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists


Pectoralis Minor, Clavipectoral Scapular Retractors (SPL, Opposite Hip Flexors (SFL, LL,
Fasciae SBAL), Scapular Elevators SPL, FFL, IFL, DFL), Scapular
(SBAL, DBAL), Scapular Protractors (SPL, DFAL),
Upward-Rotators (SPL, SBAL) Scapular Downward-Rotators
(SPL, DFAL, DBAL)
“Biceps Express”: Biceps Brachii, Triceps (DBAL), Pronator Deltoid (SBAL), Pectoralis
Coracobrachialis, Brachialis Teres* (DFAL, SFAL), Humeral Major (SFAL), Supraspinatus
Adductors (SFAL, DFAL, DBAL, (DBAL), Supinator (DFAL),
BFL, IFL), Humeral Extensors Coracobrachialis (DFAL)
(SFAL, DBAL, SBAL)
Supinator Pronator Teres (DFAL, SFAL) Biceps (DFAL), Internal
Humeral Rotators (SFAL, SBAL,
BFL, FFL, IFL)
Radial Periosteum, anterior border n/a n/a
Radial Collateral Ligaments n/a n/a
Thenar Eminence (Extensor Pollicis Flexor Pollicis Brevis (SFAL), Extensor Carpi Radialis (SBAL),
Brevis, Adductor Pollicis) Abductor Pollicis Longus Brachioradialis (DFAL), Triceps
(SFAL), Abductor Pollicis (DBAL), Posterior Deltoid
Brevis (SFAL) (SBAL), Upper Trapezius
(SBAL), Scalenes (LL, DFL),
Extensor Pollicis Longus
(SBAL), Flexor Pollicis Longus
(SFAL), Flexor Pollicis Brevis
(SFAL), Opponens Pollicis
(SFAL)
Notes:

 *The Pronator Teres is considered to be a “crossover connection” between the DBAL and the
SFAL, as “we are inclined to include [it in the DFAL] because with the supinator it clearly controls
the degree of rotation of the radius…even though strictly speaking [it is] a crossover from the
SBAL.”

B. Superficial Front Arm Line (SFAL)

Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists


*Pectoralis Major – Clavicular Extensors (SFAL, DBAL, SBAL, Flexors (SFAL, SBAL),
BFL, IFL), Abductors (DBAL, Adductors (SFAL, DBAL, BFL),
SBAL), Horizontal Abductors Horizontal Adductors (SFAL,
(SBAL), Lateral Humeral SBAL), Medial Humeral
Rotators (DBAL, SBAL) Rotators (SFAL, DBAL, SBAL,
BFL)
Pectoralis Major – Sternal Lower and Middle Trapezius Opposite Internal Oblique (LL,
(SBAL), Rhomboids (SPL, SPL, IFL), Biceps (DFAL),
DBAL), Middle Deltoid (SBAL), Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL,
Posterior Deltoid (SBAL) IFL)
Latissimus Dorsi Upper Trapezius (SBAL), Teres Major (DBAL), Lower
Levator Scapula (DBAL) Trapezius (SBAL), Teres Minor
(DBAL)
Teres Major Humeral Flexors (SFAL, SBAL), Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL,
Lateral Rotators (DBAL, SBAL), IFL), Humeral Extensors (SFAL,
Abductors (SFAL, DBAL, BFL) DBAL, SBAL, BFL), Medial
Rotators (SFAL, DBAL, SBAL,
BFL), Adductors (SFAL, DBAL,
BFL)
Medial Intermuscular Septum n/a n/a
**Flexor Group (Wrist, Fingers) Extensor Group (SBAL), Wrist Flexor Group (SFAL), “Biceps
Adductors (SBAL), Wrist Express” (DFAL), Anterior
Abductors (SBAL) Deltoid (SBAL), Upper
Trapezius (DBAL), Scalenes
(LL, DFL), Extensor Group –
during wrist
abduction/adduction (SBAL)
Carpal Tunnel n/a n/a
Notes:

 * Myers lists the Pec. Major, Latissimus Dorsi and Teres Major as a singular “station” in the SFAL,
because NKT is more specific, I have listed these 3 muscles separately; furthermore, he does not
differentiate between clavicular and sternal aspects of the Pec. Major, but since they are so
different in NKT terms, I have listed them separately.
 **Myers combines all the Wrist and Digit Flexors into the “Flexor Group;” for the sake of brevity
and simplicity, I have not broken this down further.

C. Deep Back Arm Line (DBAL)

Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists


Rectus Capitis Lateralis Neck Flexors – bilateral Thoracic Erectors (SBL SPL,
extension (SFL, LL, DFL), SCM – DFL), Lumbar Erectors (SBL,
unilateral extension (SFL), SPL, DFL), Glute Max (LL, BFL),
Opposite Rotation – rotation same-side Lumbar Rotation
(SBL, SPL, LL)
Levator Scapulae Scalene (LL DFL), Latissimus Posterior Deltoid (SFAL),
Dorsi (SFAL, BFL, IFL), Lower Triceps (DBAL), QL (LL, SPL),
Trapezius (SFAL) Glute Max (LL, BFL)
Rhomboids Pectoralis Minor (DFAL), Middle Trapezius (SFAL),
Serratus Anterior (SPL) Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL),
QL (LL, SPL)
Rotator Cuff Muscles Other Rotator Cuff Muscles Middle/Posterior Deltoid
(DBAL), Humeral Adductors (SBAL), Triceps (DBAL), Other
(SFAL, DBAL, BFL, IFL), Lateral Rotator Cuff Muscles (DBAL),
Humeral Rotators (DBAL, Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL,
SBAL) IFL), Wrist Extensors (SBAL),
Humeral Abductors (SFAL,
DBAL, BFL), Medial Humeral
Rotators (SFAL, DBAL, SBAL,
BFL)
Triceps Brachii Humeral Flexors (SFAL, SBAL), Humeral Extensors (SFAL,
Elbow Flexors (DFAL) DBAL, SBAL, BFL), Elbow
Extensors (SBAL)
Ulnar Periosteum n/a n/a
Ulnar collateral Ligaments n/a n/a
*Hypothenar Muscles Thumb and Finger Extensors Wrist Flexors (SFAL), Biceps
(SBAL) (DFAL), Anterior Deltoid
(SBAL), Trapezius (SBAL),
Scalenes (LL, DFL), Opponens
Pollicis (SFAL), Flexor
Digitorum (SFAL)
Notes:

 *The Hypothenar Muscles include: Abductor Digiti Minimi, Flexor Digitorum Minimi, Opponens
Digiti Minimi, and Palmaris Brevis, of which only Opponens Digiti Minimi is addressed directly in
the NKT book.

D. Superficial Back Arm Line (SBAL)

Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists


Trapezius Pectoralis Major (SFAL, FFL), Rhomboid (SPL, DBAL),
Pectoralis Minor (DFAL), Posterior Deltoid (SBAL),
Serratus Anterior (SPL) Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL,
IFL), Teres Minor (DBAL),
Triceps (DBAL), Wrist
Extensors (SFAL)
Deltoid Deltoid (SBAL), Humeral Wrist Extensors (SBAL), Biceps
Extensors SFAL, SBAL), (DFAL), Coracobrachialis
Adductors (SFAL, DBAL, BFL, (DFAL), Pectoralis Major
IFL), Horizontal Abductors (SFAL, FFL), Pectoralis Minor
(SBAL), Lateral Rotators (DFAL), Subscapularis (DBAL),
(DBAL, SBAL) Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL,
IFL)
Lateral Intermuscular Septum n/a n/a
*Extensor Group (Wrist, Fingers) Flexor Group (SFAL), Wrist Other Extensors (SBAL),
Adductors (SBAL), Wrist Brachioradialis** (SBAL,
Adductors (SBAL) SFAL), Triceps (DBAL),
Posterior Deltoid (SBAL),
Upper Trapezius (SBAL),
Levator Scapula (DBAL),
Scalenes (LL, DFL)
Notes:

 *Like the “Flexor Group” listed above in the SFAL, the “Extensor Group” includes
Extensor muscles of the Wrist and Digits, as well as Abductor and Adductor muscles.
 **The Brachioradialis is another “crossover connector” connecting the SBAL to the SFAL,
working with the Pronator Teres (See DFAL, above)

6. The Functional Lines


A. Back Functional Line (BFL)

Myofascial Tracks Antagonists Synergists


Latissimus Dorsi Upper Trapezius (SBAL), Teres Major (DBAL), Lower
Levator Scapula (DBAL) Trapezius (SBAL), Teres Minor
(DBAL)
Lumbosacral Fascia n/a n/a
Sacral Fascia n/a n/a
Gluteus Maximus Hip Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL, Calf Muscles (SBL), Popliteus
IFL, DFL) (SBL), Hamstrings (SBL),
Lumbar Extensors (SBL, SPL),
Neck Extensors (SBL, LL, SPL,
SBAL)
Vastus Lateralis Biceps Femoris (SBL, SPL) Rectus Femoris (SFL), Vastus
Intermedius (SFL), Vastus
Medialis (SFL), IT Band (SPL),
TFL (LL, SPL), Iliacus (DFL)
Subpatellar Tendon n/a n/a

B. Front Functional Line (FFL)

Myofascial Track Antagonists Synergists


Lower edge of Pectoralis Major Lower and Middle Trapezius Opposite Internal Oblique (LL,
(SBAL), Rhomboids (SPL, SPL, IFL), Biceps (DFAL),
DBAL), Middle Deltoid (SBAL), Latissimus Dorsi (SFAL, BFL,
Posterior Deltoid (SBAL) IFL)
Lateral Sheath of Rectus Lumbar Erectors (SBL SPL), Pec Major (SFAL, FFL), Neck
Abdominis Glute Max (LL, BFL), QL (LL, Flexors (SFL, DFL), Diaphragm
DFL) (DFL)
Adductor Longus Hip Abductors (LL, SPL, IFL), Hip Adductors (DFL), Medial
Lateral Rotators (“Hip Fan”, LL, Rotators (LL, SPL, “Hip Fan,”
BFL), Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, DFL), Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, IFL,
DFL) DFL)

C. The Ipsilateral Functional Line (IFL)

Myofascial Track Antagonists Synergists


Latissimus Dorsi Upper Trapezius (SBAL), Levator Teres Major (DBAL), Lower
Scapula (DBAL) Trapezius (SBAL), Teres Minor
(DBAL)
External Oblique (Posterior Low Back Muscles, Ipsilateral Contralateral External Oblique
Fibers) Internal Oblique (rotation – (rotation – SPL), Ipsilateral
SPL), Opposite Obliques (side- Internal Oblique (side-bending –
bending – LL) LL), Other Abdominals (flexion –
SFL)
Sartorius Hip Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, Hip Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, IFL,
DFL), Adductors (DFL), Medial DFL), Abductors (LL, SPL, IFL),
Rotators (LL, SPL, “Hip Fan,” Lateral Rotators (“Hip Fan”, LL,
DFL), Knee Extensors (SFL, LL, BFL), Knee Flexors (SBL, SPL,
SPL, BFL), Lateral Knee Rotators IFL), Medial Knee Rotators (SBL,
(SBL, SPL) BFL, IFL, DFL)
Pes Anserinus n/a n/a

7. The Deep Front Line (DFL)


Myofascial Track Antagonists Synergists
Tibialis Posterior, Long Toe Flexors Dorsiflexors of Ankle (SFL), Flexor Hallucis Longus (SBL),
Foot Evertors (LL, SPL) Calf Muscles (SBL),
Hamstrings (SBL)
Fascia of Popliteus, Knee Capsule n/a n/a
Posterior Intermuscular Septum, Hip Abductors (LL, SPL, IFL), Hip Adductors (DFL),
Adductor Magnus and Minimus Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, DFL), Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, DFL),
Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, IFL, DFL), Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, IFL, DFL),
Lateral Rotators (“Hip Fan”, Lateral Rotators (“Hip Fan”,
LL, BFL), Medial Rotators (LL, LL, BFL), Medial Rotators (LL,
SPL, “Hip Fan,” DFL) SPL, “Hip Fan,” DFL)
*Pelvic Floor Fascia, Levator Ani, * *
Obdurator Internus Fascia
Anterior Sacral Fascia and Anterior n/a n/a
Longitudinal Ligament
Anterior Intermuscular Septum, Hip Abductors (LL, SPL, IFL), Hip Adductors (DFL), Flexors
Adductor Brevis, Longus Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, DFL), (SFL, LL, SPL, IFL, DFL), Medial
Lateral Rotators (“Hip Fan”, Rotators (LL, SPL, “Hip Fan,”
LL, BFL) DFL)
Psoas, Iliacus, Pectineus, Femoral QL (LL, SPL), Lumbar Erectors Hip Flexors (SFL, LL, SPL, IFL,
Triangle (SBL, SPL, DFL), Glute Max (LL, DFL), Hip Adductors (DFL),
BFL), Hamstrings (SBL), Hip Abdominals (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL,
Extensors (SBL, LL, BFL, DFL), IFL), Diaphragm (DFL),
Hip Abductors (LL, SPL, IFL), Scalenes (LL, DFL), Neck
Hip Lateral Rotators (“Hip Flexors (SFL, DFL), Medial
Fan”, LL, BFL) Rotators (LL, SPL, “Hip Fan,”
DFL)
Anterior Longitudinal Ligament, Neck Extensors (SBL, LL, DFL) SCM (SFL), Abdominals (SFL,
Longus Coli and Capitis LL, SPL, FFL, IFL), Hip Flexors
(SFL, LL, SPL, IFL, DFL)
*Posterior Diaphragm, Crura of * *
Diaphragm, Central Tendon
Pericardium, Mediastinum, Parietal n/a n/a
Pleura
Fascia Prevertebralis, Pharyngeal Neck Extensors (SBL, LL, DFL), Abdominals (SFL, LL, SPL, FFL,
Raphe, Scalene Muscles, Medial Levator Scapulae (DBAL) IFL), Psoas (DFL), Deltoid
Scalene Fascia (SBAL), Triceps (DBAL),
Brachioradialis (SBAL, SFAL),
Wrist Extensors (SBAL),
Thumb Extensors (DBAL,
SBAL)
*Posterior Diaphragm, Crura of * *
Diaphragm, Central Tendon,
Anterior Diaphragm
*Fascia Endothoracica, Transversus * *
Thoracis
*Infrahyoid Muscles, Fascia * *
Pretrachialis
*Suprahyoid Muscles * *
Notes:

 *These structures are not covered in the NKT book.