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Abstract

The Taj Mahal, a mausoleum constructed in white marble by the mughal emperor Shahjahan in
the beloved memory of his wife, has been accredited as being one of the Seven Wonders of the
World, by millions of people worldwide. However, it is a well known fact that for quite some
time now, various polluting factors such as those relating to water, the atmosphere, land etc.
which have seen an exponential rise due to inexorable regional development, are collectively
responsible for the corrosion and wearing of the marble that forms the Taj Mahal. This
degradation is taking place to such an extent that its effect may soon become irreversible.

With this in mind, ambient particulate matter (PM) samples were collected over a
one-year period and found to contain relatively high concentrations of light absorbing particles
that could potentially discolor the Taj Mahal marble surfaces, that include black carbon (BC),
light absorbing organic carbon (brown carbon, BrC), and dust. Analyses of particles deposited to
marble surrogate surfaces at the Taj Mahal indicate that a large fraction of the outer Taj Mahal
surfaces are covered with particles that contain both carbonaceous components and dust. .
Analyses of particles deposited to marble surrogate surfaces at the Taj Mahal indicate that a large
fraction of the outer Taj Mahal surfaces are covered with particles that contain both
carbonaceous components and dust. Overall, the results suggest that the deposition of light
absorbing particulate matter in regions of high aerosol loading are not only influencing cultural
heritage but also the aesthetics of both natural and urban surfaces.

This research paper talks about “environmental laws & constitutional


provisions” for the protection of heritage monuments as like Taj Mahal. This paper also
brightens the special attention/focus on the renowned “Taj Trapezium Matter”. Towards this
end, we concluded this paper with some important concepts related to the decay of ‘Taj’ and
preventive measure for the protection of such mausoleum as like “Taj Mahal”.