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DISEÑO DE ZAPATAS CONECTADAS

1.-DATOS DE ENTRADA:
ZAPATA 1 ZAPATA 2
Pcm= 35 Ton Pcm=
Pcv= 17 Ton Pcv=
Mcm= 3.0 Tn-m Mcm=
Mcv= 1.0 Tn-m Mcv=
PS= 52.0 Ton PS=
PU= 77.90 Ton PU=
MS= 4.00 Tn-m MS=
MU= 5.90 Ton MU=

Dimensiones b h
Columna1 = 50 cm 25 cm
Columna2 = 50 cm 25 cm

77.90 Ton

Mu1=

VC

6.0 m

Az= 1.2Ps/σn= 56727 cm2


B= 168 cm 170.0 cm
L= 337 cm 340.0 cm

170.0 cm

Z1
0.5

0.25 Z1 340.0 cm

Z1

5.50 m

6m

DIMENCIONES DE VC

h=L/7= 0.79 80.00

b= 0.3 30

Wv= 576 kg/m

VC (30X 80)
3.4

1.7 6.00 m

5.50 m
52000 kg

576 kg/m
4000.0 Kg-m

6.00 m
0.25 5.50 m
1.7

RN1
X

∑Fy=0

RN1 +RN2-5200-60000-576x6=0

RN1 + RN2= 115456 Kg


RN1= 115456 - RN2

∑M=0

σN1= 0.89 Kg/cm2 SI CUMPLE


σN2= 0.99 Kg/cm2 SI CUMPLE
77900 kg

806 kg/m
5900.0 Kg-m

6.00 m
0.25 5.50 m
1.7

RN1
X

∑Fy=0

RN1 +RN2-77900-90000-576x6=0

RN1 + RN2= 172738.4 Kg


RN2= 172738.4 - RN1

∑M=0

σN1= 1.33 Kg/cm2


σN2= 1.48 Kg/cm2
Determinacion de los Diagramas DMF y DFC

77900 kg

806 kg/m
5900.0 Kg-m

45290.7 Kg/m 6.00 m

0.25 1.45 2.50 m

1.7

54575.12

4509.9 Kg-m
1390.14

11121.09

-2276.6

-66779

Diseño de la Viga de Conexion

Acero longitudinal

Flexion
Mto= 62963 Kg-m
f'c= 210 kg/cm2
fy= 4200 kg/cm2
b= 45.0 cm
h= 80.0 cm
d= 74.0 cm
r= 4.0 cm

Usar Estribo de Montaje

Usar

Vu1= 27662.107
Vu2= 4292.612
Vc= 29532.43

5 φ 1"

5 φ 1"

Diseño de Zapatas
Diseño de Zapata Exterior (Z1)

Wnu= 22858 Kg/m


Mumax= 27459 Kg-m
r= 7.5 cm
Usar φ= 5/8"
h= 50 cm
d= 42 cm
b= 170.00 cm
fc= 210 kg/cm2
fy= 4200 kg/cm2

Diseño Por Corte

Vud= 25830.09 Kg
Vc= 54838.27 Kg OK

Diseño Por Flexion

a= 2.47
As= 17.82 cm2
Asmin= 12.85 cm2

φ= 5/8"
Area= 1.97 cm2
S= 19 cm

Usar 9Ø 5/8"

Refuerzo Tranversal

As= 35.64 cm2

φ= 5/8"
Area= 1.97 cm2

S= 19 cm

Usar 18 Ø 5/8"
ECTADAS

ZAPATA 2
40 Ton
20 Ton
4.0 Tn-m
1.5 Tn-m
60.0 Ton
90.00 Ton
5.50 Tn-m
8.150 Ton

σdmi = 1.2 Kg/cm2


σn= 1.1 Kg/cm2
f'c= 210 kg/cm2

90.00 Tn

Mu2=

Az= 1.2Ps/σn= 65455 cm2


B= 181 cm 180.0 cm
L= 362 cm 360.0 cm

180.0 cm

Z2
0.5
Z2
360.0 cm 0.25

Z2

cm

cm

30X 80)
3.6

1.8
60000 kg

5500.0 kg-m

0.25
1.8

RN2

52000 ( X -
52000 X -
52000

60000 ( 5.75 -
-60000 X +
-60000

-63456
52000

90000 kg

8150.0 kg-m

0.25
1.8

RN2

77900 ( X -
77900 X -
77900

90000 ( 5.75 -
-90000 X +
-90000
-94838

77900

90000 kg

8150 kg-m

53191.2 Kg/m

1.55 0.25

1.8

62786.6 62962.53

6513.0
3274
1637.02

76903.8

403.2

-13096
-4292.6
1.5 0.25
0.1

6296253 Kg-cm
a= 12.89
As= 24.66 cm2
Asmin= 5.99 cm2

φ= 1"
Area 5.06 cm2

Usar 5Ø 1"

S ≤ 36 φ= 90.0 cm

6 @ 90 cm 3/8"
OK

4φ 3/4"

5φ 1"

2φ 3/4"

2φ 3/4"

5φ 1"

0.25

3.4 m

OK
5/8" @ 19 cm

m
Φ
1
8

1
9
c
"
/
5/8" @ 19 cm
0.25 ) + 4000 + 576 (X^2)/2 - RN1 ( X -
13000 + 4000 + 288 (X^2) - RN1 X + 0.85
X - -9000 + 288 (X^2) - RN1 X + 0.85

X ) + 5500 + 576 ((6-X)^2)/2 - RN2 ( 5.1 -


345000 + 5500 + 288 (6-X)^2 - 5.1 RN2 + X
X + 350500 + 288 (6-X)^2 - 5.1 RN2 + X

X + 360868 + 288 X^2 - 5.1 RN2 + X


X - -227958 + 288 X^2 + 5.1 RN1 - X

-227958 + 5.1 RN1 = -9000 + 0.85 RN1


4.25 RN1 = 218958
RN1 = 51519.44
RN2 = 63936.56

0.25 ) + 5900 + 806 (X^2)/2 - RN1 ( X -


19475 + 5900 + 403.2 (X^2) - RN1 X + 0.85
X - -13575 + 403.2 (X^2) - RN1 X + 0.85

X ) + 8150 + 806 ((6-X)^2)/2 - RN2 ( 5.1 -


517500 + 8150 + 403.2 (6-X)^2 - 5.1 RN2 + X
X + 525650 + 403.2 (6-X)^2 - 5.1 RN2 + X
X + 540165 + 403.2 X^2 - 5.1 RN2 + X

X - -340801 + 403.2 X^2 + 5.1 RN1 - X

-340801 + 5.1 RN1 = -13575 + 0.85 RN1


4.25 RN1 = 327226
RN1 = 76994.27
RN2 = 95744.13
ACERO DISPONIBLE (cm² )
ø 3/8" 1/2" 5/8"
1ø 0.71 1.26 1.97
2ø 1.42 2.52 3.94
3ø 2.13 3.78 5.91
4ø 2.84 5.04 7.88
5ø 3.55 6.30 9.85
6ø 4.26 7.56 11.82
8ø 5.68 10.08 15.76
10 ø 7.10 12.60 19.70
Diseño de Zapata Exteri

Wnu=
1.55 Mumax=
r=
Usar φ=
50cm h=
d=
b=
fc=
fy=

Diseño Por Corte

Vud=
Vc=

Diseño Por Flexion

9φ 5/8"
18 φ 5/8"
T= 3.40 m

Refuerzo Tranversal
9 Φ 5/8"@19 cm
@

m
Φ
8

1
9
c
"
/
0.85 ) = 0
RN1 = 0
RN1 = 0

X ) = 0
RN2 = 0
RN2 = 0 288 ( 6 - X )^2
288 ( 36 - 12 X + X^2 )
10368 - 3456 X + 288 X^2
RN2 = 0
5.1 ( RN2 )
5.1 ( 115456 - RN1 )
588825.6 - 5.1 RN1

X ( RN2 )
X ( 115456 - RN1 )
115456 X - X RN1
RN1 = 0

0.85 ) = 0
RN1 = 0
RN1 = 0

X ) = 0
RN2 = 0
RN2 = 0 403.2 ( 6 - X )^2
403.2 ( 36 - 12 X + X^2 )
14515.2 - 4838.4 X + 403 X^2
RN2 = 0
5.1 ( RN2 )
5.1 ( 172738.4 - RN1 )
880965.84 - 5.1 RN1

X ( RN2 )
X ( 172738.4 - RN1 )
172738.4 X - X RN1

RN1 = 0
CERO DISPONIBLE (cm² ) ACERO DIAMETRO
3/4" 1" 1¼" 3/8" 0.953
2.85 5.06 7.91 1/2" 1.270
5.70 10.12 15.82 5/8" 1.587
8.55 15.18 23.73 3/4" 1.905
11.40 20.24 31.64 1" 2.540
14.25 25.30 39.55 1¼" 3.175
17.10 30.36 47.46
22.80 40.48 63.28
28.50 50.60 79.10
Diseño de Zapata Exterior (Z2)

26596 Kg/m 0.25


37532 Kg-m
7.5 cm
1/2"
50 cm
42 cm
180.00 cm
210 kg/cm2
4200 kg/cm2 3.6 m

Diseño Por Corte

33510.45 Kg
58064.05 Kg OK

Diseño Por Flexion

a= 3.21
As= 24.58 cm2
Asmin= 13.61 cm2

φ= 5/8"
Area= 1.97 cm2

S= 14 cm T=
Usar 12 Ø 5/8" @ 14 cm

Refuerzo Tranversal

As= 49.16 cm2

φ= 5/8"
Area= 1.97 cm2

S= 14 cm

Usar 25 Ø 5/8" @ 14 cm
1.68

0.5 m

12 φ 5/8"
25 φ 5/8"

3.60 m
ESTUDIANTE: JAVIER BARRIOS TANTARICO

DISEÑO DE ZAPATAS COMBINADAS

1.-DATOS DE ENTRADA:
ZAPATA 1 ZAPATA 2
Pcm= 35 Ton Pcm=
Pcv= 17 Ton Pcv=
Mcm= 3.0 Tn-m Mcm=
Mcv= 1.0 Tn-m Mcv=
PS= 52 Ton PS=
PU= 77.9 Ton PU=
MS= 4.00 Tn-m MS=
MU= 5.9 Ton-m MU=

Dimensiones b h
Columna1 = 50 cm 25 cm
Columna2 = 50 cm 25 cm

Mu1

VC

52 Ton

4.00 Tn-m
X

VC
0.25

2.75

1 CALCULO DEL AREA DE LA ZAPATA


A= 101818 cm2
L= 600.00 cm 6.00 m
B= 169.70 cm 1.70 m

2 Calcular Pu y qu
PR= 112 Ton ≈
MSR= 1.50 Tn-m
MR= -20.50 Tn-m
e= 0.183 ≈
L/6= 1 ≈

q1 1.10 kg/cm2
q2 0.76 kg/cm2

3 SEGUNDO PREDIMENSIONAMIENTO DE ZAPATA

H= 0.1*(luz entre ejes)*RAIZ(σn)

H= 57.68 cm ≈
d= 57.50 cm

4.- UBICACIÓN DEL R,corrigiendo Az

∑MA=0

( 330.0 Tn-m + 4.00 Tn-m

328.5 =
2.93 m =
77900 kg

152.5 Kg/cm

2.93 m

e=

5.- CALCULO DE PRESIONES DEL SUELO HACIA LA ZAPATA:

Pu= 168 Ton


Area= 12 m2
qu= 13.99 Ton/m2

5.9 Ton-m
77.9 Ton

0.25 5.5

7.0
2.53
0.00

89.8
-70.9

94.85

5.03

0.00

0.87

6.-ANALISIS POR PUNZONADO:

6.00 m

50 cm

25 cm 2.00 m

78.75 cm Po= 322.50 cm


Bc= 2.00
28.75 cm d= 57.50 cm
F´c = 210.00 Kg/cm2
�_�=
82.50 cm 28.75 cm 82.50 cm �_�=30
qu= 13991.67 kg/m2
b= 200.00 cm
28.75 cm

78.75 cm

77900 kg

Pactu.= 68809.79 Kg

CORTANTE POR PUNZONANTE

Vc ≤ 290222.4
Vc ≤ 533199.3 119953
Vc ≤ 295596.9

CORTANTE PO FLECCION

Vc = 88324.94kg > 83004.167 kg

ANÁLISIS POR FLEXIÓN

Mu = 94854.0 Kg-m

Diseño de Zapatas

Mumax= 94854.01 Kg-m SUPERIOR


Mumax= 28249.5 Kg-m INFERIOR
r= 7.5 cm
Usar φ= 1"
h= 65 cm
d= 56 cm
b= 200 cm
fc= 210 kg/cm2
fy= 4200 kg/cm2
L= 600.00 cm

Diseño Por Flexion

ACERO SUPERIOR

a= 5.55
As= 47.14 cm2
Asmin= 20.16 cm2

φ= 1"
Area= 5.06 cm2

S= 22 cm

Usar 9Ø 1"

Refuerzo Tranversal

As= 141.43 cm2

φ= 3/4"
Area= 2.85 cm2

S= 12 cm

Usar 50 Ø 3/4"

ACERO INFERIOR

a= 1.59
As= 13.54 cm2
Asmin= 20.16 cm2

φ= 3/4"
Area= 2.85 cm2

S= 30 cm

Usar 7Ø 3/4"
ZAPATA 2
40 Ton
20 Ton
4.0 Tn-m
1.5 Tn-m
60 Ton
90 Ton
5.50 Tn-m
8.2 Ton-m

σdmi = 1.2 Kg/cm2


σn= 1.1 Kg/cm2
f'c= 210 kg/cm2

Mu2

VC

5.50
L = 6.00 m

60 Ton

R= 112 Ton 5.50 Tn-m

MR

VC
L = 6.00 m 0.25

2.75

CAMBIO 2.00 m

112000

18.30
90.0

≤ qneto OK
≤ qneto OK

cambiar
65.00 cm

- 5.50 Tn-m - 112 Ton


x = 0

112 Ton X
X

0.65 cm
2.00 m

90000 kg

220.8 Kg/cm

0.18 m

8.2 Ton-m
90.0 Ton

W= 27.98 Ton/m

5.5 0.25

83.0

123.1

0.00

2.97

-7.0
0.00

20.10

28.25

50 cm

25 cm

78.75 Po=
Bc=
28.75 cm d=
F´c =
�_�=
28.75 cm �_�=
53.75 83 cm qu=

28.75 cm

79 cm

90000 kg

Pactu.= 89965.08 Kg

≤ 290222 OK

OK

0.25 m
0.88 m
T = 2.00 m

@ 22 cm

@ 12 cm

@ 30 cm
R= 168 Ton
X

VC
215.00 cm
2.00
57.50 cm
210
�_�=
�_�=30
13991.67 kg/m2

se aumenta h= 65cm

h= 65 cm
ACERO DISPONIBLE (cm² )
ø 3/8" 1/2" 5/8" 3/4" 1"
1ø 0.71 1.26 1.97 2.85 5.06
2ø 1.42 2.52 3.94 5.70 10.12
3ø 2.13 3.78 5.91 8.55 15.18
4ø 2.84 5.04 7.88 11.40 20.24
5ø 3.55 6.30 9.85 14.25 25.30
6ø 4.26 7.56 11.82 17.10 30.36
8ø 5.68 10.08 15.76 22.80 40.48
10 ø 7.10 12.60 19.70 28.50 50.60
ACERO DIAMETRO
1¼" 3/8" 0.953
7.91 1/2" 1.270
15.82 5/8" 1.587
23.73 3/4" 1.905
31.64 1" 2.540
39.55 1¼" 3.175
47.46
63.28
79.10