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Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology

Subject : Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology


The Human Organism
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)

The chemical basis of life


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)

Cell Structures and their Functions


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)

Tissues
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)

Integumentary System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)

Skeletal System Bones and Joints


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)

Muscular System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)

Nervous System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)

Senses
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)

Endocrine System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)

Blood
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)

Heart
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)

Blood Vessels and Circulation


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)

Lymphatic System and Immunity


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)

Respiratory System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)
170. Functions of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
171. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
172. Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
173. Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
174. Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
175. Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
176. Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
177. Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
178. Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
179. Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click
here)
180. Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes - Answer (click here)
181. Changing thoracic Volume - Answer (click here)
182. Lung Recoil - Answer (click here)
183. Changing Alveolar Volume - Answer (click here)
184. Respiratory Volumes and Capacities - Answer (click here)
185. Gas Exchange - Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
186. Gas Transport in the Blood - Answer (click here)
187. Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
188. Generation of Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
189. Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing - Answer (click here)
190. Effect of Exercise on Breathing - Answer (click here)
191. Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise - Answer (click here)
192. Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
Digestive System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)
170. Functions of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
171. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
172. Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
173. Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
174. Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
175. Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
176. Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
177. Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
178. Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
179. Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click
here)
180. Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes - Answer (click here)
181. Changing thoracic Volume - Answer (click here)
182. Lung Recoil - Answer (click here)
183. Changing Alveolar Volume - Answer (click here)
184. Respiratory Volumes and Capacities - Answer (click here)
185. Gas Exchange - Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
186. Gas Transport in the Blood - Answer (click here)
187. Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
188. Generation of Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
189. Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing - Answer (click here)
190. Effect of Exercise on Breathing - Answer (click here)
191. Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise - Answer (click here)
192. Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
193. Functions of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
194. Anatomy and Histology of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
195. Anatomy of Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Esophagus - Answer (click here)
196. Anatomy of the oral Cavity - Answer (click here)
197. Saliva - Answer (click here)
198. Swallowing - Digestive System - Answer (click here)
199. Stomach - Answer (click here)
200. Anatomy of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
201. Secretions of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
202. Regulation of Stomach Secretions - Answer (click here)
203. Movement in the Stomach - Answer (click here)
204. Anatomy of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
205. Secretions of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
206. Movement and Absorption in the Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
207. Anatomy of the liver - Answer (click here)
208. Functions of the Liver - Answer (click here)
209. Anatomy and Functions of the Pancreas - Answer (click here)
210. Anatomy of the large intestine - Answer (click here)
211. Functions of the Large Intestine - Answer (click here)
212. Digestion, Absorption, and Transport in Digestive System - Answer (click
here)
213. Effects of Aging on the Digestive System - Answer (click here)

Nutrition Metabolism and body Temperature Regulation


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)
170. Functions of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
171. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
172. Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
173. Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
174. Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
175. Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
176. Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
177. Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
178. Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
179. Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click
here)
180. Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes - Answer (click here)
181. Changing thoracic Volume - Answer (click here)
182. Lung Recoil - Answer (click here)
183. Changing Alveolar Volume - Answer (click here)
184. Respiratory Volumes and Capacities - Answer (click here)
185. Gas Exchange - Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
186. Gas Transport in the Blood - Answer (click here)
187. Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
188. Generation of Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
189. Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing - Answer (click here)
190. Effect of Exercise on Breathing - Answer (click here)
191. Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise - Answer (click here)
192. Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
193. Functions of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
194. Anatomy and Histology of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
195. Anatomy of Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Esophagus - Answer (click here)
196. Anatomy of the oral Cavity - Answer (click here)
197. Saliva - Answer (click here)
198. Swallowing - Digestive System - Answer (click here)
199. Stomach - Answer (click here)
200. Anatomy of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
201. Secretions of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
202. Regulation of Stomach Secretions - Answer (click here)
203. Movement in the Stomach - Answer (click here)
204. Anatomy of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
205. Secretions of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
206. Movement and Absorption in the Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
207. Anatomy of the liver - Answer (click here)
208. Functions of the Liver - Answer (click here)
209. Anatomy and Functions of the Pancreas - Answer (click here)
210. Anatomy of the large intestine - Answer (click here)
211. Functions of the Large Intestine - Answer (click here)
212. Digestion, Absorption, and Transport in Digestive System - Answer (click
here)
213. Effects of Aging on the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
214. Nutrition and Nutrients - Answer (click here)
215. Kilocalories - Answer (click here)
216. Carbohydrates - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
217. Lipids - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
218. Proteins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
219. Vitamins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
220. Minerals - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
221. Daily Values - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
222. Metabolism - Answer (click here)
223. Regulation of Metabolism - Answer (click here)
224. Carbohydrate Metabolism - Answer (click here)
225. Lipid Metabolism - Answer (click here)
226. Protein Metabolism - Answer (click here)
227. Metabolic States - Answer (click here)
228. Metabolic Rate - Answer (click here)
229. Body Temperature Regulation - Answer (click here)

Urinary System and Fluid Balance


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)
170. Functions of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
171. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
172. Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
173. Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
174. Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
175. Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
176. Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
177. Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
178. Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
179. Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click
here)
180. Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes - Answer (click here)
181. Changing thoracic Volume - Answer (click here)
182. Lung Recoil - Answer (click here)
183. Changing Alveolar Volume - Answer (click here)
184. Respiratory Volumes and Capacities - Answer (click here)
185. Gas Exchange - Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
186. Gas Transport in the Blood - Answer (click here)
187. Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
188. Generation of Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
189. Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing - Answer (click here)
190. Effect of Exercise on Breathing - Answer (click here)
191. Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise - Answer (click here)
192. Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
193. Functions of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
194. Anatomy and Histology of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
195. Anatomy of Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Esophagus - Answer (click here)
196. Anatomy of the oral Cavity - Answer (click here)
197. Saliva - Answer (click here)
198. Swallowing - Digestive System - Answer (click here)
199. Stomach - Answer (click here)
200. Anatomy of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
201. Secretions of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
202. Regulation of Stomach Secretions - Answer (click here)
203. Movement in the Stomach - Answer (click here)
204. Anatomy of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
205. Secretions of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
206. Movement and Absorption in the Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
207. Anatomy of the liver - Answer (click here)
208. Functions of the Liver - Answer (click here)
209. Anatomy and Functions of the Pancreas - Answer (click here)
210. Anatomy of the large intestine - Answer (click here)
211. Functions of the Large Intestine - Answer (click here)
212. Digestion, Absorption, and Transport in Digestive System - Answer (click
here)
213. Effects of Aging on the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
214. Nutrition and Nutrients - Answer (click here)
215. Kilocalories - Answer (click here)
216. Carbohydrates - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
217. Lipids - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
218. Proteins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
219. Vitamins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
220. Minerals - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
221. Daily Values - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
222. Metabolism - Answer (click here)
223. Regulation of Metabolism - Answer (click here)
224. Carbohydrate Metabolism - Answer (click here)
225. Lipid Metabolism - Answer (click here)
226. Protein Metabolism - Answer (click here)
227. Metabolic States - Answer (click here)
228. Metabolic Rate - Answer (click here)
229. Body Temperature Regulation - Answer (click here)
230. Functions of the Urinary System - Answer (click here)
231. Anatomy of the Kidneys - Answer (click here)
232. Urine Production - Answer (click here)
233. Filtration - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
234. Regulation of Filtration - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
235. Tubular Reabsorption - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
236. Tubular Secretion - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
237. Regulation of Urine Concentration and Volume - Answer (click here)
238. Urine Movement - Answer (click here)
239. Body Fluid Compartments - Answer (click here)
240. Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Composition - Answer (click here)
241. Regulation of Acid-Base Balance in Human Body - Answer (click here)

Reproductive System
1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)
170. Functions of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
171. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
172. Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
173. Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
174. Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
175. Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
176. Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
177. Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
178. Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
179. Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click
here)
180. Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes - Answer (click here)
181. Changing thoracic Volume - Answer (click here)
182. Lung Recoil - Answer (click here)
183. Changing Alveolar Volume - Answer (click here)
184. Respiratory Volumes and Capacities - Answer (click here)
185. Gas Exchange - Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
186. Gas Transport in the Blood - Answer (click here)
187. Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
188. Generation of Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
189. Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing - Answer (click here)
190. Effect of Exercise on Breathing - Answer (click here)
191. Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise - Answer (click here)
192. Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
193. Functions of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
194. Anatomy and Histology of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
195. Anatomy of Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Esophagus - Answer (click here)
196. Anatomy of the oral Cavity - Answer (click here)
197. Saliva - Answer (click here)
198. Swallowing - Digestive System - Answer (click here)
199. Stomach - Answer (click here)
200. Anatomy of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
201. Secretions of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
202. Regulation of Stomach Secretions - Answer (click here)
203. Movement in the Stomach - Answer (click here)
204. Anatomy of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
205. Secretions of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
206. Movement and Absorption in the Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
207. Anatomy of the liver - Answer (click here)
208. Functions of the Liver - Answer (click here)
209. Anatomy and Functions of the Pancreas - Answer (click here)
210. Anatomy of the large intestine - Answer (click here)
211. Functions of the Large Intestine - Answer (click here)
212. Digestion, Absorption, and Transport in Digestive System - Answer (click
here)
213. Effects of Aging on the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
214. Nutrition and Nutrients - Answer (click here)
215. Kilocalories - Answer (click here)
216. Carbohydrates - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
217. Lipids - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
218. Proteins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
219. Vitamins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
220. Minerals - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
221. Daily Values - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
222. Metabolism - Answer (click here)
223. Regulation of Metabolism - Answer (click here)
224. Carbohydrate Metabolism - Answer (click here)
225. Lipid Metabolism - Answer (click here)
226. Protein Metabolism - Answer (click here)
227. Metabolic States - Answer (click here)
228. Metabolic Rate - Answer (click here)
229. Body Temperature Regulation - Answer (click here)
230. Functions of the Urinary System - Answer (click here)
231. Anatomy of the Kidneys - Answer (click here)
232. Urine Production - Answer (click here)
233. Filtration - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
234. Regulation of Filtration - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
235. Tubular Reabsorption - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
236. Tubular Secretion - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
237. Regulation of Urine Concentration and Volume - Answer (click here)
238. Urine Movement - Answer (click here)
239. Body Fluid Compartments - Answer (click here)
240. Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Composition - Answer (click here)
241. Regulation of Acid-Base Balance in Human Body - Answer (click here)
242. Functions of the Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
243. Formation of Gametes - Answer (click here)
244. Male Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
245. Physiology of Male Reproduction - Answer (click here)
246. Regulation of Reproductive Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
247. Puberty In Males - Answer (click here)
248. Effects of Testosterone - Answer (click here)
249. Male Sexual Behavior and The Male Sex Act - Answer (click here)
250. Infertility in Males - Answer (click here)
251. Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
252. Ovaries - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
253. Oogenesis and Fertilization - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click
here)
254. Uterine tubes - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
255. Uterus - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
256. Vagina - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
257. Mammary Glands and Anatomy of the Breast - Female Reproductive
System - Answer (click here)
258. Physiology of Female Reproduction - Answer (click here)
259. Puberty in Females - Answer (click here)
260. Menstrual Cycle - Answer (click here)
261. Female sexual Behavior and the Female sex act - Answer (click here)
262. Effects of Aging on the Reproductive System - Answer (click here)

Development Heredity and aging


1. Anatomy - Answer (click here)
2. Physiology - Answer (click here)
3. Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body - Answer (click
here)
4. Characteristics of Life - Answer (click here)
5. Microbesin Your Body - Answer (click here)
6. Homeostasis - Answer (click here)
7. Terminology and the Body Plan - Answer (click here)
8. Basic Chemistry - Answer (click here)
9. Chemical reactions - Human Organism - Answer (click here)
10. Acids and Bases - Answer (click here)
11. Inorganic Molecules - Answer (click here)
12. Organic Molecules - Answer (click here)
13. Cell Structure - Answer (click here)
14. Function of the cell - Answer (click here)
15. Structure of the Cell membrane - Answer (click here)
16. Movement through the cell membrane - Answer (click here)
17. Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions - Answer (click here)
18. Whole cell activity - Answer (click here)
19. Cellular aspects of aging - Answer (click here)
20. Tissues and Histology - Answer (click here)
21. Epithelial Tissue - Answer (click here)
22. Functions of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
23. Classification of Epithelia - Answer (click here)
24. Connective tissue - Answer (click here)
25. Functions of Connective Tissue - Answer (click here)
26. Muscle tissue - Answer (click here)
27. Nervous tissue - Answer (click here)
28. Tissue membranes - Answer (click here)
29. Tissue damage and inflammation - Answer (click here)
30. Tissue repair - Answer (click here)
31. Effects of aging on tissues - Answer (click here)
32. Functions of the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
33. Skin - Answer (click here)
34. Subcutaneous Tissue - Answer (click here)
35. Accessory skin structures - Answer (click here)
36. Physiology of the integumentary system - Answer (click here)
37. Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid - Answer (click here)
38. Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage
produced - Answer (click here)
39. Skin Cancer - Answer (click here)
40. Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System - Answer (click here)
41. Functions of the Skeletal System - Answer (click here)
42. Extracellular Matrix - Answer (click here)
43. General Features of Bone - Answer (click here)
44. Bone and calcium homeostasis - Answer (click here)
45. General Considerations of Bone Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Axial Skeleton - Answer (click here)
47. Appendicular Skeleton - Answer (click here)
48. Joints - Answer (click here)
49. Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints - Answer (click here)
50. Functions of the Muscular System - Answer (click here)
51. Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
52. Skeletal Muscle Structure - Answer (click here)
53. Excitability of Muscle Fibers - Answer (click here)
54. Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation - Answer (click here)
55. Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
56. Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction - Answer (click here)
57. Fatigue - Answer (click here)
58. Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level - Answer (click here)
59. Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle - Answer (click here)
60. General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
61. Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy - Answer (click here)
62. Muscles of the head and Neck - Answer (click here)
63. Trunk Muscles - Answer (click here)
64. Upper limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
65. Lower Limb Muscles - Answer (click here)
66. Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle - Answer (click here)
67. Functions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
68. Divisions of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
69. Cells of the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
70. Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
71. Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways -
Answer (click here)
72. Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click
here)
73. The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
74. Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer (click here)
75. Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways - Answer
(click here)
76. Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems - Answer (click here)
77. Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes - Answer (click here)
78. Spinal Nerves - Answer (click here)
79. Brain Anatomy - Answer (click here)
80. Sensory Functions - Answer (click here)
81. Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending
tracts, Cerebellum - Answer (click here)
82. Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain
Functions - Answer (click here)
83. Speech - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
84. Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
85. Memory - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
86. Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions - Answer (click here)
87. Meninges - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
88. Ventricles - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
89. Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System - Answer (click here)
90. Cranial Nerves - Answer (click here)
91. Autonomic Nervous System - Answer (click here)
92. Enteric Nervous System - Answer (click here)
93. Effects of Aging on the Nervous System - Answer (click here)
94. Sensation - Answer (click here)
95. Sensory Receptors - Answer (click here)
96. General Senses - Answer (click here)
97. Special Senses - Answer (click here)
98. Olfaction - Answer (click here)
99. Taste - Answer (click here)
100. Vision - Answer (click here)
101. Accessory Structures of the Eye - Answer (click here)
102. Anatomy of the Eye - Answer (click here)
103. Functions of the Eye - Answer (click here)
104. Neuronal Pathways for Vision - Answer (click here)
105. Hearing and Balance - Answer (click here)
106. Anatomy and function of the Ear - Answer (click here)
107. Hearing - Ear - Answer (click here)
108. Neuronal Pathways for Hearing - Answer (click here)
109. Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
110. Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear - Answer (click here)
111. Effects of Aging on the Senses - Answer (click here)
112. Principles of Chemical Communication - Answer (click here)
113. Functions of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
114. Characteristics of the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
115. Chemical Nature of Hormones - Answer (click here)
116. Control of Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
117. Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action - Answer (click here)
118. Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
119. Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
120. Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
121. Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer (click
here)
122. Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
- Answer (click here)
123. Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones - Answer
(click here)
124. Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones -
Answer (click here)
125. Other Hormones - Answer (click here)
126. Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System - Answer (click here)
127. Functions of Blood - Answer (click here)
128. Composition of Blood - Answer (click here)
129. Plasma - Answer (click here)
130. Formed Elements - Blood - Answer (click here)
131. Preventing Blood Loss - Answer (click here)
132. Blood Grouping - Answer (click here)
133. ABO Blood Group - Answer (click here)
134. Rh Blood Group - Answer (click here)
135. Diagnostic Blood Tests - Answer (click here)
136. Functions of the Heart - Answer (click here)
137. Size, Form, and Location of the Heart - Answer (click here)
138. Anatomy of the Heart - Answer (click here)
139. Heart valves - Answer (click here)
140. Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart - Answer (click here)
141. Blood Supply to the Heart - Answer (click here)
142. Histology of the Heart - Answer (click here)
143. Electrical Activity of the Heart - Answer (click here)
144. Cardiac Cycle - Answer (click here)
145. Heart Sounds - Answer (click here)
146. Regulation of Heart Function - Answer (click here)
147. Effects of Aging on the Heart - Answer (click here)
148. Functions of the Circulatory System - Answer (click here)
149. General Features of Blood Vessel Structure - Answer (click here)
150. Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation - Answer (click here)
151. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries - Answer (click here)
152. Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins - Answer (click here)
153. Physiology of Circulation - Answer (click here)
154. Control of Blood Flow in Tissues - Answer (click here)
155. Regulation of Arterial Pressure - Answer (click here)
156. Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
157. Functions of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
158. Anatomy of the Lymphatic System - Answer (click here)
159. Immunity - Answer (click here)
160. Innate Immunity - Answer (click here)
161. Adaptive Immunity - Answer (click here)
162. Origin and Development of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
163. Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes - Answer (click here)
164. Antibody-mediated immunity - Answer (click here)
165. Cell-Mediated Immunity - Answer (click here)
166. Acquired Immunity - Answer (click here)
167. Overview of Immune Interactions - Answer (click here)
168. Immunotherapy - Answer (click here)
169. Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity - Answer (click
here)
170. Functions of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
171. Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
172. Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
173. Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
174. Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
175. Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
176. Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
177. Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
178. Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
179. Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System - Answer (click
here)
180. Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes - Answer (click here)
181. Changing thoracic Volume - Answer (click here)
182. Lung Recoil - Answer (click here)
183. Changing Alveolar Volume - Answer (click here)
184. Respiratory Volumes and Capacities - Answer (click here)
185. Gas Exchange - Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
186. Gas Transport in the Blood - Answer (click here)
187. Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
188. Generation of Rhythmic Breathing - Answer (click here)
189. Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing - Answer (click here)
190. Effect of Exercise on Breathing - Answer (click here)
191. Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise - Answer (click here)
192. Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System - Answer (click here)
193. Functions of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
194. Anatomy and Histology of the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
195. Anatomy of Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Esophagus - Answer (click here)
196. Anatomy of the oral Cavity - Answer (click here)
197. Saliva - Answer (click here)
198. Swallowing - Digestive System - Answer (click here)
199. Stomach - Answer (click here)
200. Anatomy of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
201. Secretions of the Stomach - Answer (click here)
202. Regulation of Stomach Secretions - Answer (click here)
203. Movement in the Stomach - Answer (click here)
204. Anatomy of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
205. Secretions of the Small intestine - Answer (click here)
206. Movement and Absorption in the Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
207. Anatomy of the liver - Answer (click here)
208. Functions of the Liver - Answer (click here)
209. Anatomy and Functions of the Pancreas - Answer (click here)
210. Anatomy of the large intestine - Answer (click here)
211. Functions of the Large Intestine - Answer (click here)
212. Digestion, Absorption, and Transport in Digestive System - Answer (click
here)
213. Effects of Aging on the Digestive System - Answer (click here)
214. Nutrition and Nutrients - Answer (click here)
215. Kilocalories - Answer (click here)
216. Carbohydrates - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
217. Lipids - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
218. Proteins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
219. Vitamins - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
220. Minerals - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
221. Daily Values - Human Nutrition - Answer (click here)
222. Metabolism - Answer (click here)
223. Regulation of Metabolism - Answer (click here)
224. Carbohydrate Metabolism - Answer (click here)
225. Lipid Metabolism - Answer (click here)
226. Protein Metabolism - Answer (click here)
227. Metabolic States - Answer (click here)
228. Metabolic Rate - Answer (click here)
229. Body Temperature Regulation - Answer (click here)
230. Functions of the Urinary System - Answer (click here)
231. Anatomy of the Kidneys - Answer (click here)
232. Urine Production - Answer (click here)
233. Filtration - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
234. Regulation of Filtration - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
235. Tubular Reabsorption - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
236. Tubular Secretion - Urine Production - Answer (click here)
237. Regulation of Urine Concentration and Volume - Answer (click here)
238. Urine Movement - Answer (click here)
239. Body Fluid Compartments - Answer (click here)
240. Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Composition - Answer (click here)
241. Regulation of Acid-Base Balance in Human Body - Answer (click here)
242. Functions of the Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
243. Formation of Gametes - Answer (click here)
244. Male Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
245. Physiology of Male Reproduction - Answer (click here)
246. Regulation of Reproductive Hormone Secretion - Answer (click here)
247. Puberty In Males - Answer (click here)
248. Effects of Testosterone - Answer (click here)
249. Male Sexual Behavior and The Male Sex Act - Answer (click here)
250. Infertility in Males - Answer (click here)
251. Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
252. Ovaries - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
253. Oogenesis and Fertilization - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click
here)
254. Uterine tubes - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
255. Uterus - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
256. Vagina - Female Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
257. Mammary Glands and Anatomy of the Breast - Female Reproductive
System - Answer (click here)
258. Physiology of Female Reproduction - Answer (click here)
259. Puberty in Females - Answer (click here)
260. Menstrual Cycle - Answer (click here)
261. Female sexual Behavior and the Female sex act - Answer (click here)
262. Effects of Aging on the Reproductive System - Answer (click here)
263. Prenatal Development - Answer (click here)
264. Formation of the Germ - Prenatal Development - Answer (click here)
265. Neural tube and neural Crest Formation - Prenatal Development - Answer
(click here)
266. Formation of the General Body structure - Prenatal Development -
Answer (click here)
267. Development of the Organ Systems - Prenatal Development - Answer
(click here)
268. Growth of the Fetus - Prenatal Development - Answer (click here)
269. Parturition - Answer (click here)
270. The Newborn - Answer (click here)
271. Lactation - Answer (click here)
272. First Year Following Birth - Answer (click here)
273. Life Stages - Answer (click here)
274. Genetics - Answer (click here)
275. Genes - Answer (click here)
276. Genetic Disorders and Counseling - Answer (click here)