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[1] FOLLOWING THE INSTRUCTIONS, ANSWER QUESTIONS A, B, C.

(3 POINTS AS A WHOLE)

A. Answer the following question using your own words (10 to 20 words)
(1 point)
According to the text, is global climate change man-made?
According to this article, the global warming we are now experiencing is caused by mankind.
NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.

El pasaje más relevante del texto es:

The overwhelming consensus among climate scientists is that human-caused climate change is happening.
(lines 1-2)

Añade tu propuesta y la comentaré.

B. Are the following statements true or false? Indicate the line(s) in the text supporting your choice.
(1 point as a whole: 0.5 points each)
B1. Although there still are some who deny climate change, their beliefs have failed to enter our democratic institutions.
FALSE: This virulent strain of anti-science infects the halls of Congress...
(lines 3-4)
B2. Most climatologists share the opinion that the perils brought about by global warming need addressing.
TRUE: ... there is broad agreement among climate scientists... that we must respond to the dangers of a warming planet.
(lines 6 & 9-10)

C. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct.


(1 point as a whole: 0.5 points each)
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C1. Skepticism on exhaustive scientific findings has led to...
a) analyze the precise implications of higher temperatures.
b) an undesirable debate aimed at discrediting climate change.
c) study the best answers to greenhouse problems.
C2. Arguments about climate change won't come to anything...
a) as long as carbon is not taxed.
b) until we go full-bore on renewable sources of energy.
c) unless people wholly realize the risks of our current situation.

[2] COMPLETE TASKS a, b, c, d ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN.


(2 POINTS AS A WHOLE: 0.5 EACH)
a) Write a question for which the underlined words are the answer:
Some experts are calling for the immediate introduction of a price on carbon emissions.
Who is calling for the immediate introduction of a price on carbon emissions?
b) Transform into reported speech:
"How will history judge us if we fail to communicate the urgency of acting now?"
Begin with: The chief asked his colleagues...
The chief asked his colleagues how history would judge them if they failed to communicate the urgency of acting then.
NOTA: esta respuesta es la que se ajusta mejor a lo que suele enseñarse acerca del estilo indirecto en inglés en la ESO y el Bachillerato, pero es sólo u

En lugar de then también valdrían expresiones como at that moment o at that time.

Por otro lado, si consideramos que el marco de referencia temporal no ha variado, y que tanto el juicio de la posteridad como las acciones de los científ

The chief asked his colleagues how history will judge them if they fail to communicate the urgency of acting now.
c) Combine into one sentence containing a relative clause:
It was explained to the collaborators.
Their contributions would be necessary for the project.
It was explained to the collaborators whose contributions would be necessary for the project.
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It was explained to the collaborators, whose contributions would be necessary for the project.
d) Put into the passive:
Our Security Department has urged citizens to report anything dangerous they witness.
Citizens have been urged by our Security Department to report anything dangerous they witness.

[3] VOCABULARY
(1 POINT AS A WHOLE: 0.2 EACH).
Find one word in the text for each of the following meanings:
a) able to be restored or replaced by natural processes: renewable (line 14)
b) operating by or utilizing the energy of the sun: solar (line 14)
Find synonyms in the text for each of the words below:
c) refusal: rejection (line 3)
d) discussion: debate (line 5)
e) completely: fully (line 16)

[4] WRITE ABOUT THE FOLLOWING TOPIC USING BETWEEN 100-120 WORDS.
(4 POINTS)
What might be the consequences of global warming if the correct policies are not adopted?

[1] FOLLOWING THE INSTRUCTIONS, ANSWER QUESTIONS A, B, C.


(3 POINTS AS A WHOLE)

A. Answer the following question using your own words (10 to 20 words)
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(1 point)
What is the main idea in the report from the NPD Group?
Streaming services are becoming more and more popular while premium pay networks are losing viewers.
NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.

El pasaje más relevante del texto es:

People can't get enough Netflix... the streaming service and others like it have been gaining subscribers as premium pay networks like HBO and Sh
(lines 3-5)

Añade tu propuesta y la comentaré.

B. Are the following statements true or false? Indicate the line(s) in the text supporting your choice.
(1.5 points as a whole: 0.5 points each)
B1. HBO is gaining subscribers.
FALSE: ... the streaming video service and others like it have been gaining subscribers as premium pay networks like HBO and Showtime hav
(lines 3-5)
B2. Premium networks subscriptions have decreased in the last two years.
TRUE: ... over the past two years, the number of households subscribing to premium networks has fallen by 6%.
(lines 6-7)
B3. Nowadays Netflix is hardly used.
FALSE: ... Netflix is the most widely used service...
(line 11)

C. Choose a, b or c in the question below. Only one choice is correct.


(0.5 points as a whole)
Amazon Prime...
a) has to do with horses.
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b) is becoming popular.
c) is unknown.

[2] COMPLETE TASKS a, b, c, d ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN.


(2 POINTS AS A WHOLE: 0.5 EACH)
a) Complete:
If I had access to Netflix I...
If I had access to Netflix I would spend a lot of time watching films.
NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.

La clave está en reconocer que puede tratarse de una oración condicional de tipo II y completarla con una oración que contenga la estructura MODAL

Otras respuestas posibles serían oraciones condicionales mixtas.

Añade tu propuesta y la comentaré.


b) Put into the passive:
Netflix has offered cheap subscriptions.
Cheap subscriptions have been offered by Netflix.
c) Transform into reported speech:
"Some of this could be caused by the economy."
Begin with: It was noted that...
It was noted that some of that could have been caused by the economy.

It was noted that some of that could be caused by the economy.

It was noted that some of this could have been caused by the economy.

It was noted that some of this could be caused by the economy.


d) Write a question for which the underlined words are the answer:
The number of households subscribing to premium networks has fallen.
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What has fallen?

[3] VOCABULARY
(1 POINT AS A WHOLE: 0.2 EACH).
Find one word in the text for each of the following meanings:
a) a business enterprise: company (line 6)
b) favour of the general public: popularity (line 12)
Find synonyms in the text for each of the words below:
c) increase: rise (line 2)
d) honest: fair (line 12)
e) charges: bills (line 16)

[4] WRITE ABOUT THE FOLLOWING TOPIC USING BETWEEN 100-120 WORDS.
(4 POINTS)
How do you like to have on-demand offerings to watch movies or TV shows?

[1] FOLLOWING THE INSTRUCTIONS, ANSWER QUESTIONS A, B, C.


(3 POINTS AS A WHOLE)

A. Answer the following question using your own words (10 to 20 words)
(1 point)
Why are the drinks with caffeine and alcohol unsafe?
They are not safe because the caffeine prevents drinkers from knowing how drunk they really are.
NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.

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El pasaje relevante del texto es:

The drinks are dangerous, doctors say, because the caffeine masks the effects of the alcohol, keeping consumers from realizing just how intoxicated
(LINES 4-6)

Añade tu propuesta y la comentaré.

Otra propuesta recibida (haz clic en ella para ver los comentarios):
The drinks with caffeine and alcohol are unsafe because the caffeine makes drinkers don't realize they are intoxicated and very tired. The effe

B. Are the following statements true or false? Indicate the line(s) in the text supporting your choice.
(1.5 points as a whole: 0.5 points each)
B1. These drinks make it easy for drinkers to tell how drunk they are.
FALSE: ... the caffeine masks the effects of the alcohol, keeping consumers from realizing just how intoxicated they are.
(LINES 5 & 6)
B2. Drinking one of these beverages could be like drinking two cups of coffee.
FALSE: ... a fruit-flavored malt beverage that has... as much caffeine as a cup of coffee...
(LINES 7 & 8)
B3. The high caffeine levels make it difficult for drinkers to realize they are tired.
TRUE: ... your body's natural defense is to get sleepy and not want to drink, but in this case you're tricking the body with the caffeine.
(LINES 16-18)
Propuesta incorrecta (haz clic en ella para ver la explicación):
It's a recipe for disaster because your body's natural defense is to get sleepy and not want to drink, but in this case you're tricking the body...
(LINES 16 & 17)

C. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct.


(0.5 points)
NOTA: el formato del examen ha variado con respecto al de cursos anteriores, pero el enunciado solo ha sido parcialmente adaptado y aún se refiere a
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quedado una.
This new alcohol mixture is...
a) very healthy.
b) a line of alcoholic energy drinks.
c) a tea-flavored malt drink.

[2] COMPLETE TASKS a, b, c and d ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN.


(2 POINTS AS A WHOLE: 0.5 EACH)
a) Write a question for which the underlined words are the answer:
"Nine students have been hospitalized after mixing excessive amounts of Four Loko."
How many students have been hospitalized after mixing excessive amounts of Four Loko?
b) Transform into reported speech:
"Caffeine will be removed from the drink recipe, though the creators believe it is safe."
Begin with: Four Loko creators said that...
Four Loko creators said that caffeine would be removed from the drink recipe, though they believed it was safe.

Four Loko creators said that caffeine will be removed from the drink recipe, though they believe it is safe.
c) Combine into one sentence containing a relative clause:
"Four Loko has already been banned in several states. This beverage made young drinkers extremely ill."
Four Loko, which made several young drinkers extremely ill, has already been banned in several states.
d) Complete:
If she had drunk a lot of beer, ...
If she had drunk a lot of beer, she would not have been able to drive home.
NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.

La clave está en reconocer que puede tratarse de una oración condicional de tipo III y completarla con una oración que contenga la estructura MODAL

Otras respuestas posibles serían oraciones condicionales mixtas.

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Añade tu propuesta y la comentaré.

[3] VOCABULARY
(1 POINT AS A WHOLE: 0.2 EACH).
Find one word in the text for each of the following meanings:
a) a marketable name: brand (LINE 7)
b) a list of ingredients and directions for making something: recipe (LINE 16)
Find synonyms in the text for each of the words below:
c) hides: masks (LINE 5)
d) especially: particularly (LINE 9)
e) somnolent: sleepy (LINE 17)

[4] WRITE ABOUT THE FOLLOWING TOPIC USING BETWEEN 90-120 WORDS.
(4 POINTS)
Do you think teenagers should be banned from drinking energy drinks? Why?

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[1] FOLLOWING THE INSTRUCTIONS, ANSWER QUESTIONS A, B, C.
(3 POINTS AS A WHOLE)

A. Answer the following question using your own words (10 to 20 words)
(1 point)
Why has a ghost been believed to inhabit Tantallon Castle?
Because of the publication of a photograph showing a person dressed in the style of the Middle Ages.

NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.

El pasaje relevante del texto es:

Speculation over the presence of a ghost at Tantallon Castle in Scotland was aroused by a picture released as part of an experiment into the photog
appeared to show a figure in medieval costume.
(LINES 1-4)

Añade tu propuesta y la comentaré.

B. Is the following statement true or false? Indicate the line(s) in the text supporting your choice.
(0.5 points)
Experts are sure that the pictures have been digitally altered.
FALSE: Experts admit that these two images don't seem to have been digitally altered.
(LINES 14 & 15)

C. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct.


(1.5 points as a whole: 0.5 points each)

C1. Professor Wiseman...


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a) is a psychologist.
b) says he does not believe in ghosts.
c) is married to Grace Lamb.

C2. The oldest of the two pictures was taken...


a) by Grace Lamb.
b) by a very famous photographer.
c) in the spring of 2010.

C3. The walls of Tantallon Castle...


a) are made of stone.
b) are covered with mysterious faces.
c) can't reflect the light.

[2] COMPLETE TASKS a, b, c and d ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN.


(2 POINTS AS A WHOLE: 0.5 EACH)

a) Combine into one sentence containing a relative clause:


"Richard Wiseman is running this research on the paranormal. I don't trust his methods."
Richard Wiseman, whose methods I don't trust, is running this research on the paranormal.

b) Transform into reported speech:


"The face in the picture may be just another visitor."
Begin with: "Skeptics conjectured that..."
Skeptics conjectured that the face in the picture might just be another visitor.

c) Complete:
"I will not believe in ghosts unless..."

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I will not believe in ghosts unless I see one.
NOTA: esta respuesta es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles.
Añade la tuya y la comentaré.

d) Write a question for which the underlined words are the answer:
"The image appeared to show a figure in medieval costume."
What did the image appear to show?
Who did the image appear to show?
Whom did the image appear to show?

[3] VOCABULARY
(1 POINT AS A WHOLE: 0.2 EACH ANSWER)

Find one word in the text for each of the following meanings:
a) ignorant or not conscious of something: unaware (LINE 5)
b) something that is absurd or contrary to good sense: nonsense (LINE 13)

Find synonyms for each of the words below:


c) excursion: trip (LINE 9)
d) sort: kind (LINE 11)
e) modified: altered (LINE 15)

[4] WRITE ABOUT THE FOLLOWING TOPIC USING BETWEEN 90-120 WORDS.
(4 POINTS)
Write about a paranormal phenomenon you have witnessed, heard of, read about...

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1. Answer the following questions according to the instructions.

a. Answer the following question using your own words (10 to 20 words).

a.1. According to the text, what did Barack Obama promise in the 2008 campaign?
Barack Obama promised to reduce the abusive policies of the previous president and protect the nation without compromising citizens' liberty

NOTA: esta respuesta a la pregunta 1.a.1. es simplemente una propuesta entre otras posibles. Añade la tuya como comentario a esta entrada y

b. Say if the following statements are true or false. Indicate the line(s) in the text supporting your choice.

b.1. Soon after being sworn Barack Obama made important decisions for the U.S.
TRUE: A few days after being sworn in, he elated progressives by banning torture, beginning the process of closing Guantánamo, and putting

b.2. Barack Obama is in favour of torture.


FALSE: he elated progressives by banning torture...Dismantling the CIA's enhanced-interrogation program...

c. Choose a, b or c in each question below. Only one choice is correct.

c.1. Put someone or something on ice means:


a) to fail to convince; b) to postpone acting; c) to get something started.

c.2. Shuttering Guantánamo:


a) was the biggest mistake; b) gave U.S. a better image; c) dismantled the CIA's interrogation program.

2. Complete the following tasks according to the instructions.

a) Write a question for which the underlined words are the answer:
"During the 2008 campaign Barack Obama travelled all over America.
When did Barack Obama travel all over America?

b) Put into the passive: "Critics on the left call Obama 'Bush lite'."
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Obama is called 'Bush lite' by critics on the left.

c) Transform into reported speech: "Dick Cheney hammers him for aiding and comforting the enemy." Begin with: "A High Commissioner stated t
A High Commissioner stated that Dick Cheney hammers him for aiding and comforting the enemy.
A High Commissioner stated that Dick Cheney hammered him for aiding and comforting the enemy.
A High Commissioner stated that Dick Cheney hammered him for having aided and comforted the enemy.

d) Complete: "If Obama hadn't shut Guantánamo..."


If Obama hadn't shut Guantánamo, the United States' global image would not have been improved.

3. Find words in the text with the following meaning (a and b) and synonyms for each of the words below (c, d and e).

a) a series of coordinated activities: campaign


b) prohibiting by legal means: banning
c) whole: intact
d) change: shift
e) fight: combat

4. Write about the following topic using between 90-120 words.


Can politicians solve our problems (e.g. climate change, terrorism, etc.)?

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