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Activity 1.

2: Approximate Roots and Powers

Name ___________________________________ ID _____________ Date _____________

Use differentials to find the approximate value for

1. 16.4 6. 3 99.2

1
7. 3
2. 35.85 26

6
3. 170 8.
4.2

(3.1)
4

3 9.
4. 8.05

1
( 2.003)
5
5. 10. 1.0036

By: Arq. Monica M. Paniagua & Ing. Ziad Najjar


Use differentials and increments to solve the following

1. The radius of a circle increments from 15 to 16 centimeters. If A is the area of the circle,
estimate the change in the area. (Hint: Area of a circle is A    r 2 )

2. The cost of painting a spherical shaped storage tank is of $15.00 per square meter.
Determine the change in cost for painting the tank if the radius of the tank is reduced from 3m
to 2.25m. (Hint: Surface of a sphere S  4  r 2 )

3. The size of a cubic box with a side of 8 cm is going to be modified and the new box will
have a side of 8.5 cm.
a) Find the change in the volume of the box
b) Find the approximate change in the volume of the box

4. The temperature of a coffee at room temperature, t minutes after it has been served, is
given by T = 82 - 4 t , where T is being measured in ªC
a) Find the change in the temperature of the coffee when time goes from 7 min to 8 min
b) Find the approximate change for the temperature of the coffee for the same times given in a)

5. A circular plate is going to be redesigned and its diameter will go from 50cms to 52cms
a) Find the change in the area of the plate
b) Find the approximate change in the area of the plate

By: Arq. Monica M. Paniagua & Ing. Ziad Najjar


6. A can is going to be modified in such a way that its height will change from 12cms to 12.5
cms but the diameter of the base will remain as 8cms
a) Find the change in the volume of the can
b) Find the approximate change in the volume of the can

7. The radius of a spherical balloon measures 10 inches with a possible error of 1


16
in.
Calculate the possible error in the volume of the balloon

8. The edge of a cube was found to be 30 cm. with a possible error in measurement of 0.1cm.
Estimate the maximum possible error in computing (a) the volume of the cube and (b) the
surface area.

9. A solid steel cylinder has a radius of 2.5cm. and a height of 10 cm. A tight-fitting sleeve is to
be made that will extend the radius to 2.6cm. Estimate the volume of steel needed for the
sleeve

By: Arq. Monica M. Paniagua & Ing. Ziad Najjar