You are on page 1of 88

ASCP Training Manual

Author:
Creation Date:
Last Updated:
Document Ref:
Version:

Approvals:
Document Control
Change Record

Date Author Version Change Reference

Reviewers

Name Position

Distribution

Copy No. Name Location

1
2
3
4

2 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Table of Contents

Document Control......................................................................................2
Introduction................................................................................................5
Intended audience.......................................................................................................5
List of attendees..........................................................................................................5
Related training materials...........................................................................................5
Log onto Oracle Applications....................................................................................5
Overview of Oracle Advanced Planning....................................................6
APS data flow.............................................................................................................6
Planning cycle............................................................................................................7
Source Data Setups.....................................................................................7
Setup inventory item attributes...................................................................................7
MPS/MRP planning attributes.................................................................................11
Lead times attributes................................................................................................17
Shipping, Receiving, Carrier, and Supplier Capacity Calendars.............................18
Workday Calendar....................................................................................................19
Setup resource and department.................................................................................19
Setup routing............................................................................................................19
Setup supply chain....................................................................................................20
Order management...................................................................................................28
Data Collection.........................................................................................28
Scope of data collection...........................................................................................28
Data collection methods...........................................................................................28
Run data collection...................................................................................................30
Define an ASCP plan................................................................................33
ASCP plan classes....................................................................................................33
ASCP plan types.......................................................................................................34
Define a plan name...................................................................................................35
Set plan options........................................................................................................35
Launch a plan...........................................................................................................47
Copy a plan...............................................................................................................47
Planner Workbench..................................................................................48
Plan Navigator..........................................................................................................49
Supply chain structure..............................................................................................50
Supply chain plan result analysis.............................................................................56
Supply chain plan executions...................................................................................65
Personal and public queries......................................................................................67
Simulation net change re-plan..................................................................68
Simulate changes......................................................................................................68
Simulation modes.....................................................................................................71

3 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Running net change replan simulations....................................................................71
Reports......................................................................................................76
Plan comparison report.............................................................................................76
Plan detail report......................................................................................................76
Audit information reports.........................................................................................76
Practicing labs..........................................................................................77
FAQ..........................................................................................................77
1. What calendar quarterly type does ASCP support?.............................................77
2. How are planning buckets and horizon calculated?.............................................77
3. How do I know which days are workdays, which day is week start date and
which is period start date?........................................................................................78
4. What lead-times can you define in Oracle Applications?....................................79
5. What lead times may be used by ASCP?.............................................................81
6. How are lead times used by ASCP in planned order date calculation?...............81
7. How does ASCP calculate supply dates?.............................................................84
8. How can I release sales order from ASCP workbench?.......................................84
9. Why do the Supply window and Resource Requirements window show different
start and end date/time of a planned order?..............................................................84
Appendix Constraint based planning........................................................86
Constraint types........................................................................................................86
Set constraints for different plan types.....................................................................87
Rules used in constrained plans................................................................................87

4 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Introduction
Intended audience

This document is prepared as an introductory training material for the end users of
Oracle APPS 11i. It covers the basic skills needed for using Oracle Advanced Supply
Chain Planning. It is customized for the manufacturing environment.

Users whose role involves any of the following should attend this training.

 Material planning
 Capacity planning
 Supply chain planning
 Manufacturing execution
 Oracle Applications support

List of attendees

Name Org Role Date Trained Date Certified

Related training materials

 Inventory management and material transaction in discrete manufacturing is


discussed in Inventory Training Manual
 Product manufacturing process is covered in Routing Training Manual
 Product structure is covered in BOM Training Manual
 For discrete jobs, please refer to WIP Training Manual
 For sourcing and supplier constraint setups, please refer to Purchasing Training
Manual

Log onto Oracle Applications

1. Enter URL of Oracle Applications home page to your browser: http://


2. Enter in your user ID and password

5 MSAT Internal
Page 7
3. Choose Advanced Supply Chain Planner responsibility (you may have a
customized responsibility with a different name assigned to you. Check with
your instructor about which responsibility you should use)

Overview of Oracle Advanced Planning


APS data flow
The diagram below illustrates major information flows between the components of the Oracle
Advanced Planning and the rest of Oracle Applications.

6 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Planning cycle

The general process that occurs during a planning cycle is shown in the figure below.
The flow demonstrates the key features of Oracle ASCP that a typical planner would
use in the course of her/his work.

Source Data Setups


Setup inventory item attributes

There are several item attributes especially important to planning. Set them up
properly to ensure desired planning results.

For item setup in general, please refer to Inventory Training Manual.

Navigation path: Inventory>Items>Master Items>General Planning (T)

7 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Or

Inventory>Items>Organization Items>General Planning (T)

Refer to the table below for the setup of each attribute.

Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup


values
Make or Buy Make, Determine You cannot change this value if open
Buy whether the orders exist for the item.
item is
manufactured
internally or
purchased
Planner Planner Id Assign If an item is vendor managed, you must
material enter a planner for the item.
planner to
plan this item
Inventory Not Assign Min-Max: define a minimum quantity on
Planning Planned, planning hand. Reorder when this quantity is
Method Min-Max, method to the reached. Also define a maximum on–hand
Reorder item quantity that you do not want to exceed.
Point Reorder point: reorder point is calculated
based on the planning information you
define for this item.
Min-Max Enter the If an item is min–max planned, the Min–
Minimum quantity Max Planning Report suggests a new
Quantity minimum for order when quantity drops to the min–
min–max max minimum.
planning.
Min-Max Enter the If an item is min–max planned, the Min–
Maximum quantity Max Planning Report suggests an order
Quantity maximum for that brings on–hand up to the min–max
min–max maximum.
planning.

8 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Order Enter the Planning uses this to modify planned
Quantity minimum order quantities or repetitive daily rates.
Minimum order quantity For discrete items, when net requirements
or repetitive fall short of the minimum order quantity,
rate. Use this planning suggests the minimum order
to define an quantity.
order quantity
below which
it is
unprofitable
to build or
purchase the
item.
Order Enter the Planning uses this to modify the size of
Quantity maximum planned order quantities or repetitive
Maximum order quantity daily rates. For discrete items, when net
or repetitive requirements exceed the maximum order
rate of the quantity, planning suggests the maximum
item. order quantity.

Cost Order Enter the


fixed cost
associated
with placing
an order of
any quantity.
Cost Enter the This is the percentage of the unit cost that
Carrying % percentage represents internal cost to stock one unit
used to for one year.
calculate the
annual
carrying cost.
Source Type Inventory Assign Inventory: Fill requests by creating
, Supplier, replenishment internal requisitions that become internal
Sub source type sales orders, pulling stock from existing
Inventory inventory.
Supplier: Fill requests by creating
purchase requisitions that become
purchase orders, procuring the item from
a supplier.
Subinventory: Fill requests by creating
move order requisitions that become
move orders, pulling stock from an
existing sub inventory.
If you are using Supplier Scheduling, it is
generally recommended that this field be
left blank. Otherwise, it could override
your sourcing rules.
Source Optionally This applies only when Inventory is the
Organization enter the replenishment source type.
organization
from which
an internal
requisition
draws the
item.

9 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Source Enter the sub This applies only when Inventory or
Subinventor inventory Subinventory is the replenishment source,
y within the and only when you specify a source
source organization.
organization
from which
an internal
requisition
draws the
item.
Safety Stock Select an Used to direct safety stock calculation
Method option to plan method when Oracle Inventory
use of fixed Optimization is NOT activated.
or For MRP/MPS planned items, you must
dynamically set the Inventory Planning Method
calculated attribute to Not planned, then choose the
safety stock MRP planned percent option here.
quantities.
Safety Stock Enter the The planning process multiplies the
Bucket Days number of Safety Stock Percent by
days to the average gross requirements and
dynamically divides by the number of days you enter
calculate here.
safety stock Used by planning modules only.
quantities.
Safety Stock Enter the The planning multiplies this percent by
Percent percent to the average gross requirements and
dynamically divides by the Safety Stock Bucket Days.
calculate The planning process uses this attribute
safety stock when you set Safety Stock to MRP
quantities for planned percent.
the item. Used by planning modules only.
Fixed Order Enter the When net requirements fall short of the
Quantity quantity used fixed order quantity, the planning
to modify the suggests the fixed order quantity. When
size of net requirements exceed the fixed order
planned order quantity, the planning suggests multiple
quantities or orders with the fixed order quantity. For
repetitive discrete items, use this attribute to define
daily rates. a fixed production or purchasing quantity.
Used by planning modules only.
Fixed Days Enter the The planning suggests planned order
Supply number of quantities that cover net requirements for
days used to the period defined by this value. The
modify the planning suggests one planned order for
size and each period.
timing of Used by planning modules only.
planned order
quantities.
Fixed Lot Enter the Planning uses this to modify the size of
Multiplier fixed lot planned order quantities or repetitive
multiple daily rates. When net requirements fall
quantity or short of the fixed lot size multiplier
repetitive rate quantity, planning suggests a single order
(units per for the fixed lot size multiplier quantity.
day). When net requirements exceed the fixed
lot size multiplier quantity, planning
suggests a single order that is a multiple
of the fixed lot size multiplier.

10 MSAT Internal
Page 7
MPS/MRP planning attributes

Navigation path: Inventory>Items>Master Items>General Planning (T)

Refer to the table below for the setup of each attribute.

11 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Planning Not Select the option Not Planned: The item does not
Method Planned, that Planning require long–term planning of
MRP uses to decide material requirements. Choose this
planning, when to plan the option for high volume and/or low
MPS item cost items that do not warrant the
planning, administrative overhead of
MRP/DRP planning; typically dependent
Planned, demand items. You cannot use this
MPS/DRP option unless the Pick Components
Planned, attribute is checked.
DRP MRP planning: Choose this option
Planned for non–critical items that do not
require manual planning control,
typically dependent demand items.
MPS planning: You master
schedule the item and require
manual planning control. Choose
this option for items with
independent demand, items that are
critical to your business, or items
that control critical resources.
MRP/DRP Planned: Choose this
option when you want both MRP
and DRP planning for the item.
MPS/DRP Planned: Choose this
option when you want both MRP
and DRP planning for the item.
DRP Planned: Choose this option
when you have multiple
organizations for which you do
Distribution Requirements
Planning for the item.
Forecast Consume, Select an option This is appropriate only for items
Control Consume to determine the that are models, option classes,
and derive, types of demand options, or mandatory components
None you place for the of models and option classes.
item. This guides Consume: forecast demand
the key processes directly, rather than by exploding
of two–level forecast demand.
master Consume and derive: forecast
scheduling: demand directly, explode forecast
forecast demand, or use a combination of
explosion, both methods.
forecast None: place sales order demand
consumption, but do not forecast demand.
planning,
production relief,
and shipment
relief.

12 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Exception Set Enter the name The item–level planning
of the planning exceptions include:
exception set that overcommitted, shortage, excess,
groups together and repetitive variance. The
the sensitivity planning process uses this attribute
controls and to decide when to raise planning
exception time exceptions for the item.
periods for item–
level planning
exceptions for
the item.
Create Indicates if
Supply supply can be
suggested for this
item.
Critical If selected, flags This allows you to plan master
Component the item as a scheduled items with respect to
critical only critical component and their
component for material resource constraints.
MPS and DRP
planning.
Pegging Soft Enter the pegging Soft Pegging: allocates supply to
Pegging, option. demand based on the Reservation
End Level option set in the Plan
Assembly options.
Pegging, End Assembly Pegging: traces the
End end assembly the item is pegged to
Assembly/ at the top of the bill of material.
Soft Even if you do not select end
Pegging, assembly pegging, you can still
Hard calculate and view end assemblies
Pegging, on–line.
End End Assembly/ Soft Pegging:
Assembly/ Choose this option for both soft
Hard pegging and end assembly
Pegging, pegging.
None Hard Pegging: allocates supply to
demand based on the Reservation
Level option set in the Plan
options. This pegs supply to
demand and demand to supply by
project at all levels of a bill of
material. This allows you to pre–
allocate supply to demand and
generate planned orders based on
the plan level options.
End Assembly/ Hard Pegging:
Choose this option for both hard
pegging and end assembly
pegging.
None: disables project material
allocation, end assembly pegging,
and full pegging.
Planned Indicates if the This means that material can be
Inventory item is an stored at the item level without
Point Inventory Point losing materials or quality
item. characteristics. Inventory Points
generally point to major stocking
phases in the manufacturing cycle.

13 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Shrinkage Enter a factor The planning process inflates
Rate that represents demand to compensate for this
the average expected loss.
amount of
material expected
to lose during
manufacturing or
in storage.
Round Order Indicate whether When this option is checked,
Quantities 1 the planning decimal values round up (never
process uses down) to the next whole number.
decimal or whole The planning process carries any
number values excess quantities and rates forward
when calculating into subsequent periods as
planned order additional supply.
quantities or
repetitive rates.
Acceptable Enter the number The planning process only
Early Days 2 of days before suggests rescheduling out if the
which the new calculated order date is later
planning process than the original order due date
will not plus the acceptable early days; the
reschedule new calculated order does not
orders. violate the order of current
scheduled receipts.
This applies to discrete items only.
Calculate Indicate whether On the Planning Detail Report,
ATP 3 to calculate and ATP is calculated as
print available to ATP = Planned production –
promise (ATP) committed demand
on the Planning
Detail Report.
Reduce MPS None, Past Decide when to None: Do not reduce order
4
Due, reduce master quantities on the MPS.
Demand production Past Due: Reduce order quantities
Time Fence, schedule (MPS) on MPS entries to zero when the
Planning quantities to entry is past due.
time Fence zero. Demand Time Fence: Reduce
order quantities on MPS entries to
zero when the due date moves
inside the demand time fence.
Planning time Fence: Reduce
order quantities on MPS entries to
zero when the due date moves
inside the planning time fence.

14 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Planning Cumulative Determine a Planning calculates the planning
Time Fence mfg. lead point in time time fence as the plan date (or the
Days 5 time, inside which next workday if the plan is
Cumulative certain generated on a non workday) plus
total lead restrictions on the value entered here.
time, Total planning Cumulative mfg. lead time: The
lead time, recommendations cumulative manufacturing lead
User– apply. time for the item.
defined Cumulative total lead time: The
total manufacturing lead time for
the item.
Total lead time: The total lead time
for the item.
User–defined: The value you enter
for Planning Time Fence
Days.
Demand Cumulative Determine a Used to reduce the risk of carrying
Time Fence mfg. lead point in time excess inventory.
Days time, inside which the Planning also uses the demand
Cumulative planning process time fence when loading master
total lead ignores forecast schedules. The demand time fence
time, Total demand and is calculated as the start date of the
lead time, considers only master schedule load plus the value
User– sales order entered.
defined demand when Calculate the demand time fence as
calculating gross the plan date (or the next workday
requirements. if the plan is generated on a non
workday) plus:
Cumulative mfg. lead time: The
cumulative manufacturing lead
time for the item.
Cumulative total lead time: The
total manufacturing lead time for
the item.
Total lead time: The total lead time
for the item.
User–defined: The value you enter
for Planning Time Fence
Days.

15 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Purpose Comment Setup
values
Release Time Cumulative Determine a No material availability check is
Fence Days 6 mfg. lead point in time performed before WIP jobs are
time, inside which released.
Cumulative planned orders Calculate the release time fence as
total lead for discretely the plan date (or the next workday
time, Total planned items are if the plan is generated on a non
lead time, automatically workday) plus the value entered
User– released as WIP here.
defined, Do jobs or purchase Cumulative mfg. lead time: The
not auto– requisitions. cumulative manufacturing lead
release, Do time for the item.
not release Cumulative total lead time: The
(Kanban) total manufacturing lead time for
the item.
Total lead time: The total lead time
for the item.
User–defined: The value you enter
for Planning Time Fence
Days.
Do not auto–release: The item
cannot be auto–released.
Do not release (Kanban): For
Kanban items prevent release of
planned orders manually or
automatically.
Substitution Cumulative Calculates until Cumulative mfg. lead time: The
Window mfg. lead time what time a cumulative manufacturing lead time
Cumulative substitute can be for the item.
total lead Cumulative total lead time: The total
considered for an
time manufacturing lead time for the item.
Total lead
item. Total lead time: The total lead time for
time the item.
User-defined User-defined: The value you enter.

Note:
1. In ASCP, this flag is not only used to round planned order quantity, but also used to
schedule resource utilization for assembly. For assembly, when Round Order Quantity
is checked, it means one resource unit can only work on one unit of the assembly
item. For instance,
Work order quantity: 8
Assigned resource units: 3
Resource usage: 1 hour/unit item
Job duration: 3 hours (Round Order Quantity checked)
2 and 2/3 hours (Round Order Quantity
unchecked)
2. Set this attribute to reduce plan nervousness and eliminate minor reschedule
recommendations, especially when it is cheaper to build and carry excess inventory
for a short time than it is to reschedule an order.
3. ATP calculated by the planning process is not related to ATP information
calculated and maintained by Oracle Inventory. As such, planning ATP does not
consider ATP rules from the Available to Promise Rule window, and is not related
to the ATP information displayed in the View Item Available to Promise Information
window in Oracle Inventory module.
4. If Oracle Work in Process and Oracle Purchasing are installed, you get automatic
production relief when you create a discrete job, purchase requisition, or purchase

16 MSAT Internal
Page 7
order. In this case, you would typically set this attribute to None. If you do not have
automatic production relief, you may select one of the options to reduce MPS
quantities and avoid overstating your supply.
5. This feature reduces short-term fluctuations in the plan output. The planning time
fence (PTF) helps Oracle ASCP generate a stable supply chain plan for manufacturing
shops and helps companies to honor contractual commitments with external suppliers.
PTF is a time parameter associated with an organization-item. ASCP functionality
associated with PTF can be summarized as follows:
 Oracle ASCP does not create any new planned orders with start dates within
PTF.
 Oracle ASCP does not Reschedule In any orders into the PTF.
 Orders within PTF are Rescheduled Out based on a profile option setting.
 Oracle ASCP does not suggest any changes for firm orders and orders pegged
to firm orders.
 Excess and Shortage exceptions are generated within the time fence.
If you select the Enforce Demand Due Dates option, Oracle ASCP may violate the
PTF.
6. The planned orders must meet the following auto–release criteria:
 The new due date lies within the auto–release time fence
 The lead time is not compressed
 The orders are for standard items (will not release models, option classes, and
planning items)
 The orders are not for Kanban items
 The orders are for DRP planned items in a DRP plan, MPS planned items in
an MPS plan, or MRP planned items in an MRP plan
 The release time fence option is defined as anything other than Do not auto–
release, Do not release (Kanban), or null
 DRP, MPS, and MRP plans must be run with the Memory–based Planning
Engine

Lead times attributes

Navigation path: Inventory>Items>Master Items>General Planning (T)

17 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Refer to the table below for the setup of each attribute.

Attribute Purpose Comment Setup


Preprocessing Enter the days you must add to
purchasing or manufacturing lead
time to place an order.
Processing Enter the days required to procure For manufactured assemblies,
or manufacture an item. processing days equals
manufacturing lead time.
Postprocessing Enter the days required to receive Cannot enter a value if the Make
a purchased item into inventory or Buy attribute is set to Make.
from the initial supplier receipt.
Fixed Enter the days required to make an
assembly independent of order
quantity, such as setup or
teardown time.
Variable Enter the time to produce one Total lead time is variable lead
additional unit of an assembly. time multiplied by order
quantity, plus fixed lead time.
Cumulative Enter the manufacturing lead time Purchased items have no
Manufacturing of an assembly (in days) plus the cumulative manufacturing lead
largest adjusted cumulative time.
manufacturing lead time of its This attribute can be calculated
components. and updated by rolling up
cumulative lead times with
Oracle Bills of Material.
Cumulative Enter the total lead time of the This attribute can be calculated
Total assembly plus the largest adjusted and updated by rolling up
cumulative total lead time of its cumulative lead times with
components Oracle Bills of Material.
Lead Time Lot Enter the quantity used to compute The default value is the item’s
Size processing lead time (as well as standard lot size or, if a standard
fixed and variable lead times). lot size is not defined, the default
is 1.

Shipping, Receiving, Carrier, and Supplier Capacity Calendars

Oracle ASCP plans supply chain activities according to various calendars.


Manufacturing, supplier, and customer facilities may be able to make, ship or receive
goods only on specific days. Oracle ASCP plans each type of supply or demand
considering the working and non working days in the appropriate set of calendars.

It considers the following calendars while planning and scheduling:


 Organization-Supplier shipping calendar
 Organization-Customer receiving calendar
 Carrier calendar
 Supplier capacity calendar
 Manufacturing Calendar

Shipping Calendar
The shipping calendar indicates the valid working days for shipment activities
originating from suppliers and organizations. The planning engine does not
recommend a shipment out from those facilities if the date is a non-working day. The
planning engine adjusts the shipment date if the current shipment date is a non-

18 MSAT Internal
Page 7
working day. The planning engine considers the working days and times when
generating recommended transfers as part of the planning process.

The planning engine uses processing lead time to calculate the dock date during the
planning and scheduling process. Then it uses shipping calendars to calculate valid
ship date (dock date - intransit lead time) after the planning and scheduling process
completes.

Receiving Calendar
The receiving calendar governs the receiving activities at the organizations or
customer sites that receive goods. The planning engine allows organizations to receive
shipments only on a working day. If the current shipment arrival date is a non-
working day according to the receiving calendar, the planning engine defers the
receipt of the shipment until the next (or previous) working day.

When generating planned transfers between these two facilities, the planning engine
assigns dock dates on these planned transfers based on the receiving calendar of the
organization.

Receiving calendars can also vary by combination of carrier and service level. You
need to specify valid receiving calendars for organizations and customers at the
carrier and service levels.

Carrier Calendar
The carrier calendar indicates the working and non-working days and times for
material that is intransit using different means of transport. For example, certain
methods of shipment such as parcel carriers may not work on weekends. This may
cause the transit time to be stretched over the weekends. The planning engine needs to
consider these non-working times of various transportation modes that are modeled in
the supply chain.

The carrier calendar indicates the operating calendar of the carrier or the service. It
does not indicate the pickup or delivery dates of the carrier.

Supplier Capacity Calendar


The supplier capacity calendar governs how supplier capacity is accumulated over a
period of time. Supplier capacity is only accumulated on the working days according
to the supplier capacity calendar. The supplier capacity calendar also governs how the
supplier processing lead time is calculated.

Workday Calendar

Please refer to Routing Training Manual for workday calendar setups.

Setup resource and department

Please refer to Routing Training Manual for resource and department setups.

Setup routing

19 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Please refer to Routing Training Manual for routing setups.

Setup supply chain

For more information on supplier base setups, please refer to the Purchasing Training
Manual.

Approved Supplier List


Approved supplier list is a controlled repository of information that links items and
commodities to suppliers and supplier sites that provide them to a specific ship-to
organization or to the entire enterprise.
Navigation path: Purchasing>Supply Base>Approved Supplier List

Refer to the table below for the setup of attributes relevant to planning.
Attribute Valid Comment Setup
values
Status Approved, ASCP only consider Approved and not
Debarred, Disabled suppliers
New
Disabled
Global? Yes, No ASCP only plans PO for suppliers with
Global = Yes

Supplier planning constraints


Enhance sourcing provides the ability to model flexible supplier capacity.
Navigation path: Purchasing>Supply Base>Approved Supplier List>Attributes (B)>
Planning Constraints (T)

20 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Refer to the table below for the setup of attributes relevant to planning.
Attribute Comment Setup
Processing This supplier-item attribute overrides the organization item
Lead attribute for processing lead time
Time
Supplier Planning adjusts planned order release date so that
Capacity deliveries occur on the valid delivery date that coincides
Calendar 1 with the due date or the closest valid delivery date that
occurs prior to the due date. This calendar is independent
of your workday calendar.
Order These supplier-item attributes override the organization
Modifiers item attributes for order modifiers.
Capacity This supplier-item attribute represents supplier item daily
capacity in the purchasing UOM.
Tolerance Use the Tolerance% and Days Advance Notice attributes
Fence 2 together to state by what percentage a supplier can change
capacity if given a number of days advance notice.

Note:
1. If no calendar is defined and assigned to the supplier-item, planning will assume
all days are acceptable for receiving.
2. You can make multiple entries to represent the percentage change in capacity
allowed with different days of advance notices.

Delivery calendar
Set up delivery calendar the same way as setting up workday calendar.
Refer to Routing Training Manual on how to setup calendars.
The delivery calendar is used to establish valid delivery days by supplier, item, and
organization. ASCP will offset planned purchase order release dates by the number of
days in Processing Lead Time plus the number of days necessary to cause the delivery
to your dock to occur on a valid delivery day.

21 MSAT Internal
Page 7
If no delivery calendar is defined and assigned to the supplier-item, planning will
assume all days are acceptable for receiving.

Shipping methods
Navigation path: Inventory>Setup>Organization>Shipping Methods
This form is used to set up a valid list of values for shipping method field.

Inter-organizations shipping networks


Shipping networks define transportation links form on organization to other
organizations. If traffic flows in both directions, from organization A to organization
B, and from organization B to organization A, you need to define one entry for each
direction. ASCP uses transportation capacity entered on the Shipping Networks form
for each inter-organization link as transportation constraint.
Navigation path: Inventory>Setup>Organization>Shipping Networks

22 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Assign shipping methods to shipping network:
Navigation path: Inventory>Setup>Organization>Shipping Networks>Tools (M)
>Shipping Methods
Use this window to enter transportation capacity, too.

Inter-location shipping networks


Use the Inter-Location Transit Times form to model shipping networks and capacities
between supplier locations and inventory organizations, and between inventory
organizations and customer locations. You can also designate a particular shipping
method as default method in a shipping network.
Navigation path: Inventory>Setup>Organization>Inter-Location Transit Times

Note: this form is used to model transportation time and capacities between external
sites and inventory organizations. If you use the Inter-Location Transit Times form to
enter transit times and transportation capacities between inventory organizations in
your enterprise, ASCP will ignore that information.

23 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Sourcing rules
Supply chain complexity is modeled by sourcing rules, bills of distribution, and
assignment sets. Taken together, these forms specify how material is supplied,
manufactured, and transferred across the supply chain. But they will not model where
the materials will be sent. In this sense, bill of distribution is a misnomer.
When the sourcing rules and bills of distribution are created, items are not specified
anywhere on the definition forms. These are only descriptions of the means HOW
items are replenished. The defined sourcing rules and bills of distribution can later be
assigned to any items or group of items. Assignment sets are used to associate items
with sourcing rules and bills of distribution.
Note: Sourcing rules and BODs can be defined at the source instances or at the APS
instance, or at both places. The Assignment Set of a specific plan will govern which
rules are used by that plan. However, sourcing rules and bills of distribution that cross
instances must be set up on the APS instance.
Navigation path: Supply Chain Planner>Sourcing>Sourcing Rules

Refer to the table below for the setup of attributes relevant to planning.
Attribute Valid Comment Setup
values
Type Transfer Transfer From: Transfer between internal organizations,
From, enter source organization in the Org column. When it is
Make At, selected, Supplier and Supplier Site are disabled.
Buy From Make At: Make at an internal organization, enter
manufacturing organization in the Org column. When it
is selected, Supplier and Supplier Site are disabled.
Buy From: Purchase from an external enterprise, enter
Supplier and Supplier Site. When it is selected, the Org
column is disabled.
Allocation% The total allocation percentage for all sources within a
1
rank must add up to exactly 100. Planned order is split
among the sources according to their allocation
percentages.

24 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Attribute Valid Comment Setup
values
Rank 1 The sources with the highest rank (lowest number) have
the highest priority in allocations. When sources of the
highest rank have no more capacity, allocation goes to
sources in the next highest rank, and so on.
Planning Checked, You cannot apply sourcing rules and bills of distribution
Active unchecked (make them Planning Active) until the sum of the
allocation percentages equals 100.
All Orgs Checked, Checked: This sourcing rule can apply to all
unchecked organizations.
Org Checked, Checked: This sourcing rule can apply to one
unchecked organization.

Note: 1 in constraint based planning; sources with the highest rank have the highest
priority. In optimized planning, sources with the lowest penalty adjusted cost have the
highest priority in allocation. Time–phasing in a sourcing rule determines when each
group of shipping method – ship org combinations is in effect.

Assignment sets
Once you have defined your sourcing rules, you must assign them to particular items
and/or organizations to make them functional. These assignments are grouped
together in assignment sets. This is where various sourcing strategies define a
particular supply chain network. Each assignment set represents a selection of
organizations and/or items you want planned. To influence the planning process, you
must include an assignment set in your plan options.
In an assignment set, you can assign your sourcing rules at different levels, as follows:
• Item-Instance-Organization
• Category-Instance-Organization
• Category-Instance
• Item-Instance
• Instance-Organization
• Instance
These levels allow you to assign a replenishment rule to as many or as few items as
possible. For example, a category of items could be defined as packaging material,
and a sourcing rule that identifies the suppliers could be assigned to this category.
The planning uses a sourcing assignment hierarchy to determine the actual source of a
specific item. In the preceding list of assignment levels, the levels are listed from
specific to general. Specific sourcing assignment overrides general assignment, i.e.,
rows above override rows below. For instance, Item-Organization overrides Item.
Navigation path: Supply Chain Planner>Sourcing>Assign Sourcing Rule/BOD

25 MSAT Internal
Page 7
1. Enter an assignment set name and description.
2. Select an Assigned To type See: Assignment Hierarchy
3. Enter an organization name, if the Assigned To type requires one.
4. Enter the name of the customer to which you want to assign a sourcing rule or
bill of distribution.
5. Enter the specific site to which you want to assign a sourcing rule or bill of
distribution.
6. Enter an Item/Category if you selected Item or Item-Org as the Assign To
type.
7. Enter the sourcing rule or bill of distribution as the Type.
8. Enter the name of the sourcing rule or bill of distribution

Note: 1 not every item in a bill of material needs to be listed in an assignment set.
Items that are made and consumed at same organization need not to be assigned to an
assignment set.

Assignment Hierarchy
The assignment hierarchy of sourcing rules and bills distribution is listed in the
following table, rows below override rows above them. Columns on the right override
columns on the left.

26 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Note: A global sourcing rule has an unspecified receiving organization. Bills
of distribution are global.
Since not all assignment types are valid for both sourcing rules and bills of
distribution, the effect of the Sourcing Rules vs. Bill of Distribution
Assignments table is illustrated in a linear hierarchy in the following table.
The rows below override rows above them.

Note: use assignment set hierarchy to simplify the modeling and maintaining sourcing
relationships. For example, when a plant buys all items belonging to a category such
as fasteners from Supplier A, create a sourcing rule and assign it to this item category.
At a later day, you decide to source one of the fasteners from Supplier B. You then

27 MSAT Internal
Page 7
create another rule to source from Supplier B and assign this rule to that specific
fastener. The detail-to-general hierarchy directs the specific fastener to be sourced
from Supplier B, while all other fasteners still from Supplier A.
Create the minimum number of sourcing rules and keep the assignment sets as simple
as possible. Rather than create and assign a rule to each item, you can assign a default
rule to an organization, another default rule to a category. Assign a rule to an
individual item/organization only to deal with exceptions.

Order management

Most modules in Oracle Manufacturing do not interact directly with Oracle Order
Management. These modules use sales order information through the supply/demand
portion of Oracle Inventory. In Oracle Applications 11i, sales orders are visible to the
supply/demand portion of Oracle Inventory only after they are scheduled. Use the
Schedule Order process to create sales order information in Inventory. The scheduled
sales orders will become demand in supply chain planning.

Data Collection
Scope of data collection

Oracle ASCP uses data maintained in the source (transactional) ERP modules. Data
collection programs capture a snapshot of the source data, and copy that snapshot to
the planning instance. The planning engine then performs multi-organization planning
and scheduling calculations. The results of the planning process, such as planned
orders, are published back to the transaction ERP modules for execution. The table
below summarizes the data collected into planning instance from the source instances.

Source Module Data to be Collected


Order Management Sales order demands, Customers, Price lists
Purchasing Approved supplier list, Supplier capacity, Scheduled PO receipts
Inventory Operating units, Sub inventories, Organizations, Planners, Buyers, Product
families, Items, On hand quantities
Bills of material Bills of material, Resources, Routings, Operations, Workday calendars
Work in Process Scheduled work orders, Material transactions, Resource transactions
Cost Standard costs
MRP/Supply Chain Forecasts, Master demand schedules, Sourcing rules/Bills if distributions,
Planning Assignment sets, Delivery schedules

Note: If Oracle Demand Planning is installed and integrated with ASCP, its output is
directly visible to ASCP as planning inputs.

Data collection methods

Collecting data can take a significant amount of time compared to the time for the
overall planning cycle. Choose the collection method best suit for you needs. There
are three collection methods:

28 MSAT Internal
Page 7
• The Complete Refresh method clears all transaction data for all business
entities from the planning server (for the source instance being collected),
and then copies over information about the user-selected entities. This
method can be time consuming.
• The Net Change Refresh method copies only incremental changes to
business entities to the planning server (and is thus faster), but is supported
mainly for demand and supply business entities.
• The Targeted Refresh method clears transaction data for only the user-
selected business entities from the planning server, and then copies the
entity information over from the transaction instance. Information about
non-selected entities remains intact on the planning server. All planning
business entities are supported by Targeted Refresh collections.
• Continuous collections process: The continuous collections process is an
automated process of data collection that efficiently synchronizes the data
on the planning server by looking up the sources. If you opt for continuous
collections, the system automatically determines the type of collection that
needs to be run on entities selected by you. The continuous collections
process collects data from the sources with the least user intervention. The
Continuous Collections concurrent program performs continuous
collections. Continuous collections is not covered in this training.
Use Complete Refresh the first time you perform collections from a source instance to
the planning server. You may also wish to use complete refresh collections after a
significant proportion of the setup data in your transaction system has been altered,
and you would like to make a fresh copy of all source instance business entities
(items, bills of material, sourcing rules, resources, and so on) on the planning server.
You typically collect all business entities in a Complete Refresh Collection. Use
Complete Refresh only when it is necessary.
Use Net Change Refresh if you would like to update the supply and demand picture
on the planning server as quickly as possible, and the incremental changes to supply
and demand in the source instance since the last collection have not been extensive
relative to the existing (already collected) body of supply and demand information. In
this case, Net Change Refresh is the fastest way to achieve the desired update of the
planning server operational data store, because it copies over from the source instance
only the incremental changes in supply and demand since the last collection.
Use Targeted Refresh if you would like to update the planning server information for
some (but not all) business entities, and some of these entities fall outside the category
of supply and demand entities supported by Net Change Refresh. For example, to
update the planning server with a newly rebuilt manufacturing calendar, you would
run Targeted Refresh collections for just the calendar business entity. Data on the
planning server about all other business entities would remain unaffected by this
collection. Also use Targeted Refresh (in lieu of Net Change Refresh) to bring over
the latest picture of supply and demand to the planning server in cases when the
incremental changes to supply and demand on the source instance since the last
collection are very extensive. In this case, the update mechanism employed by
Targeted Refresh collections (wholesale deletion followed by rebuilding of data on
the planning server) is faster than the mechanism employed by Net Change Refresh
collections (incremental insertions into existing data on the planning server).

29 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Run data collection

Navigation path: Advanced Supply Chain Planner>Collections>Oracle Systems>


Standard Collection

1. Tab to the Parameters field, Planning Data Pull Parameters form appears

30 MSAT Internal
Page 7
2. Select individual parameter as explained in the table below, then click on OK

Parameter Values
Instance Source instance code from list of values.
Collection Group You can decide to collect data from All enabled organizations or only
form the current organization
Number of Workers 1 One or greater. Increase this number to increase the number of
computational resources devoted to the Planning Data Pull process.
This allows you to specify the number of workers for the Data Pull,
which can now be different from the number of workers specified for
the ODS load process.
Timeout (Minutes) 1 The maximum amount of time you would like to allocate to the
Planning Data Pull process. If the Planning Data Pull process has not
completed within this amount of time, it will be terminated with an
error.
Purge Previously Collected Yes (default) or No. Setting this to Yes wipes out all data in the APS
Data planning server operational data store associated with the selected
source instance as the first step in the collections process. If you set
this to Yes, the only allowable collection method is Complete Refresh.
If you set this to No, the allowable collection methods are Targeted
Refresh and Net Change.
Collection Method 2 Complete Refresh/Targeted Refresh/Net Change
Refresh. See the explanation in the Data collection methods section of
this manual

31 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Values
Analyze Staging Tables Yes or No (default). Set this to Yes periodically to re-compute
database access statistics on the APS staging tables. This speeds up the
subsequent Planning ODS Load process.
Business objects The remaining parameters in the Planning Data Pull Parameters are a
list of business objects. Selecting Yes for an entity means collecting
the information for that entity over from the source instance. Selecting
No for an entity means collecting no information for that entity over
from the source instance. This is useful when you know there are only
changes on limited objects.

Note:
1. Consult with your system administrator and DBA on the values of these
parameters, for they affect the performance of the data collection process.
2. Collecting information for Resource Availability and Sourcing History
takes a significant amount of time. Collect this information only when
really necessary.
3. Open the Parameters form for Planning ODS Load

4. Select individual parameter as explained in the table below, then click on OK

Parameter Values
Instance Source instance code from list of values.
Timeout (Minutes) 1 The maximum amount of time you would like to allocate to the
Planning Data Pull process. If the Planning Data Pull process has not
completed within this amount of time, it will be terminated with an
error.
Number of Workers 1 One or greater. Increase this number to increase the number of
computational resources devoted to the Planning Data Pull process.
This allows you to specify the number of workers for the Data Pull,
which can now be different from the number of workers specified for
the ODS load process.
Recalculate Resource This defaults to the value (Yes or No) that you set for the Resources
Availability Availability business entity in the Planning Data Pull Parameters
window. The value that you set here is the one that actually determines
whether resources availability is collected or not.

32 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Values
Recalculate Sourcing History This defaults to the value (Yes or No) that you set for the Sourcing
History business entity in the Planning Data Pull Parameters window.
The value that you set here is the one that actually determines whether
sourcing history is collected or not. If you select Yes, then ASCP will
collect all new sourcing history not already on the planning server in
the time range [(today - x months) through (today)] from the source
transaction system. The number x is given by the value that you set for
the profile option MSC: Sourcing History Start Date Offset (in
months). During planning, ASCP will use the total cumulative
sourcing history on the planning server in addition to the planned
sourcing in the plan to determine whether sourcing percentages in
sourcing rules are being respected or not.
Purge Sourcing History Valid values are Yes and No (default). If you select Yes, then all
sourcing history present on the planning server will be deleted before
the collection process commences.

Note: 1. Consult with your system administrator and DBA on the values of
these parameters, for they affect the performance of the data collection
process.
5. Submit the data collection request set

Define an ASCP plan


ASCP plan classes

Oracle ASCP offers the following plan classes.


 Unconstrained
 Resource Constrained
 Material Constrained
 Material and Resource Constrained
 Optimized
These classes are discusses in the table below.
Plan Class Planning Goals Scenario
Horizon
Unconstrained Long Term How much resource capacity Decisions can be made on
Future and material availability do I Resource acquisition/disposition
need to arrange in order to and supplier sourcing to address
satisfy all anticipated demand in the exceptions.
a timely manner?
Resource Long Term How much material availability Difficult to change resource
Constrained Future do I need to arrange in order to capacity, but increased
satisfy all anticipated demand in outsourcing is an option.
a timely manner? Decisions can be made on supplier
sourcing to address the exceptions.
Material Long Term How much resource capacity do Difficult to change material
Constrained Future I need to arrange in order to availability but internal resource
satisfy all anticipated demand in acquisition/disposition is an
a timely manner? option. Decisions can be made on
Resource acquisition/disposition to
address the exceptions.

33 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Plan Class Planning Goals Scenario
Horizon
Material and Near Term Generate a feasible plan that Impossible to overcome material
Resource Future respects material, resource, and resource constraints and
Constrained distribution, and transportation therefore must respect them in
constraints. order to generate a feasible supply
chain plan.
Optimized Near Term Generate an optimized and Impossible to overcome material
Future executable plan based on plan and resource constraints and
objectives and material, therefore must respect them in
resource, and transportation order to generate a feasible supply
constraints. chain plan.
Note:
Oracle ASCP lets you prioritize how you enforce Capacity Constraints or Demand
Due Dates. Whichever constraint takes precedence over the other is the hard
constraint; and the other is the soft constraint. You must choose one and only one type
of constraint.
If you choose to enforce Demand Due Dates (setting Demand Due Dates as a hard
constraint), then primary resources are used and loaded to capacity to satisfy demand
due dates. The system also evaluates alternate resources if additional capacity is
required. If there is insufficient capacity to meet demand due dates, the primary
resource is overloaded. The choice of whether to use an alternate resource or overload
capacity depends on cost considerations if optimization is selected. Oracle ASCP
returns exception messages if capacity is overloaded.
If you choose to enforce Capacity Constraints (setting Capacity Constraints as a hard
constraint), then resources are loaded to their limit to satisfy demand (if required).
Unsatisfied demand is pushed into the future. In this case, Oracle ASCP returns late
replenishment exception messages.

ASCP plan types

There three types of ASCP plans.


• Production Plan, equivalent to traditional MPS (master production plan)
• Manufacturing Plan, equivalent to traditional MRP (Materila requirement
plan)
• Master Plan – MPP (Master Production scheduler)
Each creates time-phased planned orders that satisfy independent and dependent
demand while seeking to respect material and resource constraints. These three types
of plans need to be used in conjunction with the MPS/MRP Planning Type item
attribute that is set for each item. Possible values for this attribute are:
• MRP Planning
• MPS Planning
• MRP/MPP Planned
• MPS/MPP Planned
• MPP Planned

34 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Each ASCP plan type will include a subset of items in its planning process. The items
included depend upon the plan type and the item’s the MRP Planning Type attribute.

Define a plan name

Navigation path: Advanced Supply Chain Planner>Supply Chain Plan>Names

1. Enter a unique plan name.


2. Enter Description for the plan.
3. Check ATP if this plan is used for global order promising.
4. Check Production if it is a production plan. In a production plan, planned
orders can be automatically released within their release time fence.
5. Check Notifications. If this is checked, exception message notifications
workflow for the plan is enabled.
6. Select a Plan Type. Valid values are Manufacturing Plan, Production Plan, and
Master Plan. This setting interacts with the MPS/MRP Planning method item
attribute to determine which subset of the items that pass the condition
imposed by the Planned Items parameter are planned.
7. If you want to make this plan not visible as input into other plans, or want to
purge the plan enter an Inactive Date.

Set plan options

Navigation path: Advanced Supply Chain Planner>Supply Chain Plan>Names >Plan


Options (B)

35 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Main tab

Use the information in the following table to specify parameters on the Main tab.

Parameter Description Comment Setup


Assignment The assignment set that holds the sourcing
Set rules and bills of distribution that define the
rules for material flow within your supply
chain.
Demand When ASCP does detailed scheduling, it
Priority Rule schedules demands one by one. The rule
specified here dictates the order in which
demands will be considered during detailed
scheduling, and thus which demands will
get the first opportunities to take up
available materials and resource capacities.
Overwrite1 Overwrite planned orders.
Append Appends new planned orders to current
Planned plan.
Orders1
Planned This parameter and the next one, Planning
Items2 Method, control the items that are planned
in the supply chain plan. An item must
satisfy conditions imposed by both
parameters before being included in the
supply chain plan.
Material Choose from Operation Start Date or Order Order State Date is
Scheduling Start Date scheduling methods. If you usually an earlier date
Method choose Operation Start Date, material is than the Operation
scheduled to arrive at the start of the Start Date and
operation for which it is required. If you therefore this
choose Order Start Date, material is selection represents
scheduled to arrive at the start of the order the more conservative
for which it is required. planning logic of the
two options.

36 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Description Comment Setup
End Item If Decision Rules tabbed region > Use End
Substitution Item Substitutions selected, select a
Set substitution set. These are defined in the
Planning Details - Substitute window
discussed. You can use a set of substitution
relationships to be effective for a given plan
by selecting the substitution set as an option
for the plan. This allows you to run
simulations of possible substitutions and
evaluate performance indicators given
possible future substitutions.
Schedule By Set this option to instruct the planning Select one of the
engine to: following sales order
Plan supplies based on sales order line line dates:
request, promise, or schedule dates for Schedule Ship Date
either ship or arrival Schedule Arrival Date
Consume forecasts based on sales order line Request Ship Date
request, promise, or schedule dates. You Request Arrival Date
must provide forecast dates that match your Promise Ship Date
choice of this plan option; for example, if Promise Arrival Date
you select Promise Ship date for this plan The default is
option, make sure your forecast dates are in Schedule Ship Date.
terms of promise ship dates.
If you do not specify plan option Demand
Priority Rule and have not specified a
default demand priority rule (in the Define
Priority Ruled form), the planning engine
uses the value of this plan option as the
demand priority rule.
Demand If you want to limit a production plan to a This field is active
Class demand class, enter it. only for a Production
Plan/MPS schedule.
Move Jobs to Check this option if you want to generate
PIP planned order supply even in the absence of
demand in order to ensure that inventory is
held on the manufacturing floor only for
items designated as Planned Inventory
Points.
Display Key Check this option to calculate key
Performance performance indicators for the plan.
Indicators
Demand Check this option to enforce demand time Demand time fence is
Time Fence fence control. an item attribute
Control
Planning Check this option to enforce planning time Planning time fence is
Time Fence fence control. an item attribute
Control
Lot for Lot Check this option to force the creation of a Order quantity
separate supply for each demand. This modifiers such as
prevents the creation of aggregate supplies Minimum Lot Size
that satisfy multiple demands. and Fixed Lot
Multiple override this
option
Include Select this plan option to instruct the To mark an item as a
Critical planning engine to plan considering critical critical component,
Components components. Depending on the plan type select its item
and the planning item types, the planning attribute Critical
engine may plan critical components and Component.
not plan other components or components
of those components.

37 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Description Comment Setup
Do Not The planning engine should use forecast
Spread entries as they exist for planning.
Forecast
Spread The planning engine should spread
Forecast aggregate forecast demand evenly across
Evenly the daily buckets from the workday
calendar.
Forecast Select a forecast distribution assignment set The rules to distribute
Distribution for the global forecasting process. The sales orders are in
Assignment forecast distribution assignment set contains plan option
Set global sourcing rules used to distribute Assignment Set.
global forecasts over multiple inventory
organizations:
Consume by The forecast consumption process does not
Forecast search outside of the consumption bucket
Bucket for forecasts and sales orders except in daily
buckets.
Explode Select this plan option to instruct the Clear this plan option
Forecast planning engine to explode forecasts as if you have arranged
follows during the consumption process: for this explosion to
- Product family forecasts to product family occur in the source
member item forecasts instance or in Oracle
- Model forecasts to other model, option Demand Planning
class, and item forecasts. before the planning
This option applies to forecasts with run.
forecast control Consume and derive.
Backward If you are bringing in unconsumed forecast
Days scenarios from Oracle Demand Planning as
demand schedules into Oracle ASCP and
would like to do forecast consumption
inside ASCP (as opposed to bringing in pre-
consumed forecasts contained in master
demand schedules as demand schedules into
Oracle ASCP), then set the forecasts
consumption backward days parameter
here. This parameter allows a sales order
demand to consume forecast demand even
if the forecast demand is up to the specified
number of days earlier than the sales order
demand. This parameter applies only to
Oracle Demand Planning scenarios that are
used as demand schedules in Oracle ASCP
plans.
Forward This parameter allows a sales order demand
Days to consume forecast demand even if the
forecast demand is up to the specified
number of days later than the sales order
demand.
Enable Check this option to calculate pegging
Pegging information. Oracle ASCP traces supply
information for an item to its corresponding
end demand details, which you can then
view in a graphical display.
Peg Supplies Check this option to calculate pegging so Do not check it.
by Demand that on-hand and firm supplies are pegged Instead, set profile
Priority to demands in demand priority order (as option MSC: Use
defined by you in a priority rule) within the FIFO Pegging to Yes.
time period set by the profile option MSO:
Firm Supply Allocation Window (days).

38 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Description Comment Setup
Pegging – Choose a reservation level: Planning Group, Do not use
Reservation Project, Project-Task, or None.
Level
Pegging – Choose a hard pegging level: Project, Do not use
Hard Pegging Project-Task, or None.
Level
Forecast If you are bringing in unconsumed forecast
Consumption scenarios from Oracle Demand Planning as
Backward demand schedules into Oracle ASCP and
Days would like to do forecast consumption
inside ASCP (as opposed to bringing in pre-
consumed forecasts contained in master
demand schedules as demand schedules into
Oracle ASCP), then set the forecasts
consumption backward days parameter
here. This parameter allows a sales order
demand to consume forecast demand even
if the forecast demand is up to the specified
number of days earlier than the sales order
demand. This parameter applies only to
Oracle Demand Planning scenarios that are
used as demand schedules in Oracle ASCP
plans.
Forecast This parameter allows a sales order demand Do not use
Consumption to consume forecast demand even if the
Forward forecast demand is up to the specified
Days number of days later than the sales order
demand.

Note: 1. Overwrite and Append Planned Orders work together to limit how the
planning process reacts to firm planned orders and to stabilize the short-term material
plan. When you launch the planning process, you generate new planned orders to
meet your net requirements. Since you can firm DRP, MPS, or MRP planned orders,
you may not want the planning process to overwrite any firm planned orders. See the
table below for more information.
Overwrite Append Effects
Planned Orders
All The planning process overwrites all entries, planned and firm
planned, from the current material plan.
None The planning process does not overwrite any firm planned
orders. It does, however, overwrite any suggested planned
orders that are not firm.
Outside The planning process overwrites all entries from the current
planning time plan, planned and firm planned, outside the planning time
fence fence, and overwrites only planned orders inside the planning
time fence. It does not overwrite any firm planned orders within
the planning time fence. The planning time fence can be
different for each item, so the planning process looks at the
planning time fence for each item when choosing what to
delete. Planning time fence is an item attribute defined in
Inventory
Unchecked The planning process does not append any planned orders to the
current plan. Additional demand does not cause planned order
recommendations. Instead, the projected quantity on hand may
go negative in response to demand that was not met by a
suggested planned order.

39 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Overwrite Append Effects
Planned Orders
Checked The planning process appends additional planned orders after
the last entry on the current material plan to meet any additional
demand. The Overwrite and Append Planned Orders options
work in combinations, as described below.
All Checked Select this option to create a new material requirements plan for
the plan name you specify, deleting all previous planned and
firm planned orders while regenerating new planned orders.
You can use this combination the first time you run your plan or
if you want your plan to reflect all sources of new demand.
Outside Checked This option allows you to create an extension to the current
planning time material requirements plan, delete planned and firm planned
fence orders outside the planning time fence and delete all planned
entries inside the planning time fence for each item. The
planning process creates (appends) new planned orders after the
planning time fence date. In this case, since you are overwriting
after the planning time fence, you are also appending new
planned orders after that date. Use this combination to stabilize
the short–term plan and allow the long–term plan to react to
new sources of demand. If an item has no time fence specified
and this option is chosen, all planned and firm planned orders
are overwritten. The effect is the same as Overwrite All and
Append Planned Orders checked.
None Checked When you choose not to overwrite an existing plan, the
planning process does not overwrite existing firm planned
orders, but deletes any suggested planned orders. The planning
process then creates (appends) new planned orders after the
planning time fence date. Use this to firm short–term sections of
your material requirements plan. You can extend the plan
horizon without altering existing firm planned orders.
None Unchecked The planning process does not overwrite existing firm planned
entries, but deletes any suggested planned orders. In addition, it
does not append additional demand to the end of the plan.
Instead, it reports the instances where the material requirements
plan is out of balance with the master demand schedule, and
allows you to solve these problems by manipulating the plan
manually. In this case, the projected quantity on hand would go
negative since no planned orders were suggested to meet the
additional demand. The material planner can use on–line
inquiries and reports with exception messages to identify
material shortages. This gives maximum control to the material
planner.

Note: 2. Planned Items, Planning Method and Item’s attribute MRP/MPS Planning
method work together to select items in the plan. The following table lists the three
controls that together determine which items are planned in a supply chain plan, and
the possible values for each control.
Planned Items Plan type Planned Items in the plan
value
All planned items Master Plan All items in the planned organizations having MRP/MPS
Planning Method attribute value of
MPP planning
MRP and MPP planning
MPS and MPP planning
Plus:
MRP planned and MPS planned items that are in between
the above items in the bills of material.
All items in the input schedules.

40 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Planned Items Plan type Planned Items in the plan
value
All planned items Production Plan All items in the planned organizations having MRP/MPS
Planning Method attribute value of
MPS planning
MPS and MPP planning
Plus:
MRP planned and MRP/MPP planned items that are in
between the above items in the bills of material.
All items in the input schedules.
All planned items Manufacturing Plan All items in the planned organizations except those having
MRP/MPS Planning Method of Not Planned
Demand schedule Master Plan All items in the input demand schedules, and all
items only components of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning
Method attribute code of:
MPP planning
MRP and MPP planning
MPS and MPP planning
Plus:
MPS and MRP planned items that are in between the above
items in the bills of material
Demand schedule Production Plan All items in the input demand schedules, and all
items only components of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning
Method attribute code of:
MPS planning
MPS and MPP planning
Demand schedule Manufacturing Plan All items in the input demand schedules, and all
items only components of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning
Method attribute code of:
MRP planning
MRP and MPP planning
Supply schedule Master Plan All items in the input supply schedules, and all components
items only of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning Method
attribute code of:
MPP planning
MRP and MPP planning
MPS and MPP planning
Plus:
MPS and MRP planned items that are in between the above
items in the bills of material
Supply schedule Production Plan All items in the input supply schedules, and all components
items only of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning Method
attribute code of:
MRP planning
MRP and MPP planning
Supply schedule Manufacturing Plan All items in the input supply schedules, and all components
items only of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning Method
attribute code of:
MPS planning
MPS and MPP planning
Demand and Master Plan All items in the input demand and supply schedules, and all
Supply schedule components of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning
items Method attribute code of:
MPP planning
MRP and MPP planning
MPS and MPP planning
Plus:
MPS and MRP planned items that are in between the above
items in the bills of material

41 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Planned Items Plan type Planned Items in the plan
value
Demand and Production Plan All items in the input demand and supply schedules, and all
Supply schedule components of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning
items Method attribute code of:
MPS planning
MPS and MPP planning
Plus:
MPS and MRP planned items that are in between the above
items in the bills of material
Demand and Manufacturing Plan All items in the input demand and supply schedules, and all
Supply schedule components of these items that have MRP/MPS Planning
items Method attribute code of:
MRP planning
MRP and MPP planning

Aggregation tab

Use the information in the following table to specify parameters on the Aggregation
tab.

Parameter Description Setup


Start Date This is a view-only field, whose value equals the start date of the
plan if the plan has already been run. Otherwise, it defaults to the
system date.
End Date Shows the calculated end date for your plan. This is a view-only
field, calculated based on the bucket sizes you specify
Bucket Size Specify bucket size in days, weeks, and periods.
Items Choose aggregation at item level or product family level.
Resources Choose resource aggregation at individual level or aggregate level.
Routings Choose aggregation level at individual routing or bill of resources
level.
Minutes Size Specify the bucket size in minutes for the Days planning
Bucket period.
Hours Specify the bucket size in hours for the Days planning period.
Bucket Size
Days Bucket Specify the bucket size in days for the Days planning period.
Size

42 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Organization tab

Use the information in the following table to set parameters on the Organizations tab.
Parameter Description Note Setup
Global Select the names of Oracle Demand
Demand Planning scenarios that drive this
Schedules plan. You can select demand-
planning scenarios that do not
reference an organization
(organization dimension set to All
Organization).
Ship To Select a forecast consumption level You can select:
Consumption for the Oracle Demand Planning - Customer
Level scenario. The global forecasting - Customer Site
process consumes forecast entries - Zone
that have Ship To value the same as - Customer Zone
this plan option. - Demand Class
- Item
The choices in the list of
values changes depending
on the published level of the
scenario.
Org The plan’s organization.
Description Description of the owning
organization.
Net WIP Select to consider discrete jobs and
other production orders as supply in
the planning demand/supply netting
process.
Net If checked, ASCP generates pegging
Reservations of on-hand supply to sales orders
that matches the reservations
recorded in the source transaction
system.

43 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Description Note Setup
Net Purchasing Select to consider purchase orders,
purchase requisitions, in-transit
shipments and other non-production
order scheduled receipts as supply in
the planning demand/supply netting
process. This option covers all
scheduled receipts not covered by
the Net WIP option.
Plan Safety Select to consider plan safety stock
Stock demand and supply in the planning
demand/supply netting process.
Include Sales Select to invoke forecast
Order1 consumption within ASCP for the
selected organization. Check this if
the demand schedules for the
organization are unconsumed
forecasts. Uncheck this if the
demand schedules for the
organization are consumed forecasts
plus sales orders in the form of
master demand schedules
Bill of Select Bill of Resources from the list
Resource of values if one of the Routings is
set to BOR on Aggregation tab.
Simulation Set Select a Simulation Set from the list
of values. A simulation set is a set of
adjustments to the base availability
calendar of a resource, and is
defined via the Oracle Bills of
Materials Department Resources
form. You can define different
simulation sets to model different
availability scenarios (for example,
the base availability calendar could
reflect 5-day operations; simulation
set 1 could reflect working 6
days/week for a certain period;
simulation set 2 could reflect
working 7 days/week for a certain
period). The simulation set that you
select is applied to all resources
within the organization.
Demand Select the name of your demand
Schedules2 schedule/forecast/plan.
Ship To See above See above
Consumption
Level
Interplant If selected, the planning engine uses
only interorganization orders and
demands from interorganization
planned orders. If cleared, the
planning engine uses demands from
all planned orders.
Supply Select the name of your supply
Schedules schedule for each organization.
Subinventory Opens the Subinventory Netting
Netting window.

44 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Note: 1. Users can collect forecasts into the APS planning server. Optionally, they can
choose to consume forecasts by sales orders when they run ASCP plans. Forecasts are
consumed if the Include Sales Order check box in the Organizations tab of the Plan
Options window is checked. For multilevel ATO items, forecasts are consumed at all
levels if the forecast explosion has occurred in the source instance prior to the
collection. If you are not using forecast, uncheck this check box.
2. The plan for one organization can be used as a demand (or demand schedule)
for the plan of another organization.

Constraint tab

Use the information in the following table to specify parameters on the Constraints
tab.
Parameter Description Setup
Constrained If selected, Enforce Demand Due Dates is selected, all fields in
Plan the tabbed region are updateable with all constraints defaulted to
Yes. The default is cleared. You cannot set all Resource
Constraints and Material Constraints to No. If you set any
Resource Constraints to Yes, you cannot clear Calculate
Resource Requirements.
Enforce Check this option if you want demand due dates to be your hard
Demand Due constraint (that is, respected in lieu of material and resource
Dates capacity constraints, if there is conflict).
Enforce Check this option if you want material and resource capacity
Capacity constraints to be respected in lieu of demand due date
Constraints constraints.
Start Date Displays the start date for each bucket type.
Buckets Displays the number of buckets of this bucket type.
Resource Select Yes to consider resource constraints for the bucket.
Constraints
Supplier Select Yes to consider supplier capacity constraints.
Capacity
Constraints

45 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Description Setup
Enforce Select this plan option to instruct the planning engine to
Purchasing constrain the plan by purchased item lead times (item attributes
Lead-time or approved supplier list).
Constraints Clear it to instruct the planning engine never to miss a demand
due date because of a purchased item lead time.
Scheduling Specify whether to enable detailed scheduling.
Minutes Size Specify the bucket size in minutes for the Days planning
Bucket Size period.
(in
Days)
Hours Bucket Specify the bucket size in hours for the Days planning period.
Size (in
Days)
Days Bucket Specify the bucket size in days for the Days planning period.
Size (in
Days)
Calculate If selected, the program will calculate resource capacity
Resource utilization.
Requirements
Planned Select All Resources or Bottleneck Resources. If you have
Resources defined bottleneck resource groups in Oracle Bills of Material
and you want to detail schedule only the bottleneck resources,
select
Bottleneck Resources and enter a Bottleneck Resource Group.
Bottleneck If you have defined bottleneck resource groups in Oracle Bills of
Resource Material and you want to detail schedule only the bottleneck
Group resources, select its name.

Decision Rules tab

Use the information in the following table to specify parameters on the Decision
Rules tab.
Parameter Description Setup
Use End Item If selected, use end item substitute prior to creating new planned
Substitution orders. If cleared, use only the demanded item. Enter the End Item
Substitution Set in the Main tabbed region.
Use Alternate If selected, use primary resource and use alternate resource only if
Resources necessary. If cleared, use only primary resources.
Use If selected, use primary components and use substitute
Substitute components only if necessary. If cleared, use only primary
Components components only.

46 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Parameter Description Setup
Use Alternate If selected, use primary routings and use alternates only if
BOM/Routing necessary. If cleared, use only primary bills of material and
routings.
Use Alternate If selected, use primary sources and use alternate sources only if
Sources necessary. If cleared, use primary sources only. The planning
engine does not use alternate sources (rank 2 or higher) as a
sources of supply.

Launch a plan

Navigation path: Advanced Supply Chain Planner>Supply Chain Plan>Names>


Launch Plan (B)

For an ASCP plan, accept the defaults on the request parameters form and click on
OK then submit the request.

Copy a plan

Navigation path: Advanced Supply Chain Planner>Supply Chain Plan>Names>Copy


Plan (B)

47 MSAT Internal
Page 7
1. Enter a Name for the new plan
2. Enter Description, optionally
3. Select or clear ATP, Production, and Notification as you would if you are
creating a new plan on the Plan Names form.
4. If you want to copy only the plan options from one plan to another of a
different plan type, select Copy Plan Options Only
5. Plan Type defaults to the plan type of the source plan and you cannot change it
if you want to copy all plan information.
6. Click on OK

Planner Workbench
The Planner Workbench is the primary “work area” for analysis of the plan and
actions taken based on plan recommendations

 Multi-window format
 Ability to have several screen open at the same time
 Strong navigational interactions between different workbench windows
 Context passed between windows using right clicks or buttons
 Ability to see data at detailed and summary levels and drill down/up from one
to the other

Navigation path: Advanced Supply Chain Planner>Supply Chain Plan>Workbench

48 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Plans tab displays the entities associated with the plan in a hierarchical fashion (user
can select the drill down hierarchy)
Queries tab displays only those entities within the plan that the user wants to focus on
(as pre-defined by the user)

Plan Navigator

 Displays list of plans defined under the organization (Note: The plan although
defined in one organization could still be a multi-org plan)
 View Plans by
o Actions
o Organizations
o Item
o Resources
o Projects
o Suppliers
 Variety of “Right-Click” navigations possible from each node (or use of
Shortcut buttons at the bottom of the navigator)
 List of Item Categories displayed is based on Tools à Preferences à Other à
Category Set

49 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply chain structure

Supply Chain Structure – Items and Item Details

 Right Click on Item (in Navigator) > Items


 Key data displayed include Lead Times and Order Quantities
 Variety of other planning related item attributes available for display through
Folder functionality
 Items window is a launching pad to more detailed structural information on
the item

 Supply Chain Bill


o Displays Sourcing and BOM structure for the item
o Can also show the “Reverse BOM” I.e. the end items where a
component is used
 Sources
o Displays Sourcing (other orgs or Suppliers) from which the Item is
sourced from
o Shows relative allocation percentages or ranks
o Supplier Information: Lead Times, Costs, time varying capacities and
flex fences
 Destinations
o Displays Destinations (other orgs) to which this item is shipped to

50 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Where Used: The items in the next level up in the bill of material that use this
item as a component
 Components: The components defined in this item’s bill of material (primary
and alternates)
 Co-Products: If the process that produces this item also produces other
products, those are displayed here
 Routing Operations: The operations within the routings (primary and
alternate) that are used to produce this item
 Safety Stock: Prescribed safety stock targets for this item. This screen only
shows safety stock defined in the Source ERP as quantity (It does not show
safety stock input from IO or the target dynamically calculated by the plan
based on safety stock days of supply)
 Substitutes: If this item is sold as an end item, the valid substitutes that can be
offered to a customer requesting this item
 Inventory Levels: Not used by ASCP

Item:

Destination:

Where Used:

51 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Components:

Routing Operations and Resources:

52 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain:

Supply Chain Structure – Resources


Right Click on Resource (in Navigator) > Resources
 Displays information about the resource – Department, Type, Cost etc.
 Items – Shows the items made on this resource Availability
o Summary: Displays summary of resource availability at the planning
time bucket level
o Detail: Shows the shift level capacity for the selected day. Also allows
for update of resource availability

53 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Gantt Chart – Shows graphical view of activities planned on the resource

 Requirements – Shows Forms based view of activities planned on the resource

Gantt Chart:

Availability:

54 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Availability > Details:

Requirements:

55 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply chain plan result analysis

 Open Planner workbench


 Review KPIs
 Review Exceptions
 From the context of an exception analyze planning results
 Make changes to the plan
 Re-run the plan with the user changes
 Review results
 Select orders for release to execution system
 Release orders
 Create simulation plans to simulate what-if scenarios

Supply Chain Planning Results – Exceptions Summary

 Right Click Exceptions > Summary (sensitive to the level in the tree at which
right click is performed)
 Displays Exceptions as various types classified into groups
 Shows the count of exceptions by group, type
 Can Save a version of the Exception messages prior to running a simulation
re-plan
 Can have all exception groups pre-expanded (Tools > Preferences > Other)

Supply Chain Planning Results – Exceptions Details

 Double Click on any exception type to open up Exception Details

56 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Show details of the planning exception
 Example: Late Replenishment for Forecast. Key information
o Item
o Org
o Order Number
o Customer
o Demand Due Date
o Days Late
 Folder/Find and Sort capability
 Navigation to related entities: Items and Supply/Demand
 Navigation to cause analysis
o Related Exceptions
o Gantt Chart
 Action Taken: Mark the exception once action is taken

Supply Chain Planning Results – Related Exceptions


 Right Click From Exception Details > Related Exceptions
 Certain Classes of Planning Exceptions have “Related Exceptions” (when the
Related Exceptions pop up menu enabled)
o Late Replenishment for Sales Orders/Forecasts
o Sales Order / Forecast at Risk
o Sales Order / Forecast at Risk due to Resource/Material Shortage
 Related exceptions point to root causes
 Show the cause – effect across multiple levels in the supply chain structure
 Root causes could be
o Resource capacity shortages
o Material capacity shortages

o Lead Times

57 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain Planning Results – Horizontal Plan

There are 4 types of Horizontal Plans

1. Material Plan: Classical Planner spreadsheet showing supplies and demands


and projected available balances at the planning bucket level
2. Resource Capacity: View of Resource hours available versus used along with
capacity utilization % information
3. Supplier Capacity: Shows Supplier capacity (available versus used) by
planning time bucket and tracks the cumulative available at any point in time
4. Transportation Capacity: Shows the capacity available versus used for
transportation resources

Navigation to the horizontal plan is possible either from the navigator tree or from
other windows where the relevant context is available such as Item, Resource or
Supplier

 Users can control via preference sets


o The rows that are displayed / not displayed
o The default view of the time buckets (days, weeks, periods)
o Display factor and Decimal places
o Display of graph
 When invoking the horizontal plan user can choose the preference set that will
control the display (e.g. default, summary, detailed)
 Right Click on Save Settings will control Column and row widths
 Time scale display
o Can expand from Periods / Weeks / Days
o Can only expand up to the planning bucket granularity

 Export Capability Select and copy the contents of the horizontal plan into an
Excel sheet

58 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain Planning Results – Horizontal Plan (Material)

 Shows time phased view of supply, demand and inventory for an item/org
(multi-select also possible)
 Drill downs from demand and supply rows to Supply/Demand Window
(discussed later)
 Can optionally display a graph
o Graph up to maximum of 3 rows at a time
o Select number of buckets / chart type
 Right Click on Enterprise Plan, Shows the supplies and demands summarized
across time

Supply Chain Planning Results – Horizontal Plan (Resource)


 Shows time phased view of Required hours, available hours and capacity
utilization % for selected resource(s)
 Drill downs to Resource Requirement details from a given planning time
bucket (discussed later)
o Can optionally display a graph
o Graph up to maximum of 3 rows at a time
o Select number of buckets / chart type

59 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain Planning Results – Horizontal Plan (Supplier Capacity)
 Shows time phased view of Available Capacity, Required capacity, net
available (in that bucket) and cumulative available (running total across
buckets) for Supplier/Supplier Site/Item combination
 Unlike Resource capacity, supplier capacity accumulates over time
 Drill downs to Supply/Demand window for the purchased item
 Can optionally display a graph
o Graph up to maximum of 3 rows at a time
o Select number of buckets / chart type

60 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain Planning Results – Vertical Plan
 Shows vertical listing of Supplies and Demands for an Item/Org
 Not often used. Most people use Horizontal Plan or Supply/Demand Window

Supply Chain Planning Results – Supply/Demand Window


 Displays Supplies and Demands generated by the plan
 Can be in the context of an entire plan, an org, an item across orgs or for an
item org
 Key information
o Planned Dates
o Sources (organizations and suppliers)
o Quantities
o Customer information
o BOM/Routing information
o Ship Methods used
o Order Type and Number
o Action status: Indicates what the planner should do with this order
o Hundreds of other pieces of information that planners can use for
analysis of plan results
 Folder / Find capabilities for storing favorites

61 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain Planning Results – Supply/Demand Window - Calendar
 Right click on any Supply or Demand > Calendar
 Sub menu lists out the various calendars that have influenced the timing of this
order
 The grayed out options are not applicable to this order type
 The Calendar window show the working non working days as well as shift
timings if applicable for that calendar
 It also shows the inheritance level for the calendar

Supply Chain Planning Results – Supply/Demand Window - Pegging


 Pegging establishes relationships between supplies and demands across
multiple levels in the supply chain
 Pegging can be from a Supply or a Demand and could be up or down the
supply chain

62 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Used extensively by ASCP customers to evaluate impacts of supply shortages
at lower levels in the supply chain bill on end customer demand
 Options
o Navigate backwards and forwards
o Refresh the supply/demand window when parked on a specific node in
the pegging tree
o Peg up or down
o Hide Dependent demands
o Hide Operations and Resources
 Right Click on Properties provides information additional to what is shown in
the pegging tree

Supply Chain Planning Results – Gantt Chart


 Navigate from any supply, demand, resource, and resource requirement
 Only active in constrained plans
 Graphical views of
o Supplies, operations and resource requirements shown in the context of
a pegging tree (Orders View)
o Late demands and the reasons why they are late (Late Demand View),
only available for late demands.
o Resources and activities planned on them (Resource View)
 Late Demand View
o One late demand at a time
o Analyze critical path
o Analyze key bottleneck
o Analyze minimum lead times and earliest/latest dates
 Navigate to Orders view or Resource view to make changes and firm orders

Late Demand View:

63 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Order View:

Resource View:

64 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply chain plan executions

Supply Chain Planning Actions – Firming Orders in Supply/Demand Window


 Gantt Chart allows firming of specific resource activities
 Entire orders (supplies) can be firmed using the Supply/Demand window
 Select “Firm” checkbox
 Enter
o New Date
o New Quantity
 Optionally enter
o New sourcing information
o New BOM/Routing information
 When ASCP runs again (“Overwrite” option should be set appropriately) it
will retain this planned order (all non firm planned orders are wiped out and
regenerated)
 Can also enter new supplies and demands in the Supply/demand Window

65 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Supply Chain Planning Actions – Rerunning the Plan

 When users make manual changes to the plan they would want to rerun the
plan so that the rest of the plan that they have not disturbed aligns with their
changes
 There are several options to rerun the plan
o Launch New Plan: This will generate the plan from scratch. Firm
supplies will be retained based on the overwrite option but Gantt chart
based firming is ignored
o Batch Re-plan: ASCP will figure out what the user has changed and
mark a set of items that need to be re-planned. Only those items are re-
planned (effects of common components, resources are taken into
account)
o Online Replan: Similar to Batch replan but used for the mode where
the user wants to make several changes one after the other and rerun
the plan after each change. Also allows for “Undo” capability on the
changes (but not on the plan. The plan has to be rerun after undoing the
user change)

Refer to Simulation and net change re-plan of this text.

Note:
 User changes are shown in pink color
 Supplies that are changed after batch/online replan are shown in blue color

Supply Chain Planning Actions – Releasing Orders


 Releasing orders means having planned orders in ASCP get converted into
Work Orders, Purchase Orders, Internal Requisitions etc. in the ERP system

66 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Supply/Demand window is used for releasing orders
 Typical use case
o Use Find window to specify criteria for releasing orders
o Once results are shown in the window do Plan (Top Menu) > Select
All for Release
o Do Plan > Release
 Selective release
o Select a specific order for release using the “Release” checkbox
o Select the “Release Properties” tab
o Fill in details for the “Implement As *” columns as appropriate (there
are several Implement columns that are hidden)
o Hit the Save button (or Ctrl + S)
o Right click “Release” or Plan > Release
 A summary window will provide information on which orders were released
successfully and which orders were not

Personal and public queries

 Provides a window to the plan that does not involve drill down through the
plan name
 Accessed using the Queries tab on the planner workbench
 Query is a stored set of business criteria that are used to generate results that
serve as starting point for plan analysis
 Queries can be Public (available to all users) or Private (only available to the
user who has defined the query)
 Queries are available for
o Items
o Resources
o Suppliers
o Exceptions

67 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Define Query Name > Specify Criteria > Execute Query > View Results >
Navigate to the Planner workbench for more analysis

 Click Save to save the query


 Click Save As to save it under another name
 Click Delete to delete it
 Click Execute to run the query

Simulation net change re-plan


Net change re-plan simulation is ASCP’s What-If analysis feature that lets you update
a plan by planning only the items you have changed in the Planner Workbench. Re-
planning is based on the snapshot data gathered during the original planning run and
the changes you have made through the Planner Workbench.

Simulate changes

What changes can you simulate?


• Supplier capacity: To simulate item supply changes, you can add new supplier
capacity and adjust a supplier’s capacity over a specified time frame.
• Resource availability: You can add new resource availability and modify how
many resources are available over user defined time frame. Resource
constraints include available machine hours, available worker hours, and
adding or removing shifts.
• Supplies: Add new planned orders. Firm planned orders, discrete jobs, and
purchase orders. Modify quantities, dates, sources, and alternates
• Demands: Alter demand priority of any demand. Modify quantities and due
dates for independent demand (MDS entries). Add new Manual MDS.

Change supplier capacity


1. Query the item for which you want to change supplier capacity
2. Click on the Sources button

68 MSAT Internal
Page 7
3. Click on Supplier Capacity button

Change resource availability


1. Find the resource
2. Click on Availability button
3. Click on Details button
4. Under update resource, make capacity changes
5. Click Apply

Change supply
1. Open the Supply/Demand window
2. Click on the New button on the toolbar
3. Enter Org code
4. Enter Item code
5. Select Planned Order as Order Type
6. Enter New Date as the supply due date
7. Enter New Qty as the supply quantity
8. Optionally, enter sourcing information under the Sourcing tab – Source Org,
Source Supplier, Source Supplier Site

69 MSAT Internal
Page 7
9. Save

Note: when you manually create supply, the order type is Planned Order and the order
is Firm.

Change demand
1. Open the Supply/Demand window
2. Click on the New button on the toolbar
3. Enter Org code
4. Enter Item code
5. Select Manual MDS as Order Type
6. Enter New Date as the supply due date
7. Enter New Qty as the supply quantity
8. Enter Order Priority

70 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Note: when you manually create demand, the order type is Manual MDS and the
order is Firm by default.

Simulation modes

Batch Mode Planner: Replan at the back end, return the front end to user
immediately, and give other users access to the plan when you are performing
simulations.

Online Planner: It is more interactive; you can make changes and replan as many
times as necessary before release. It generates the full set of exception messages
following a replan. You are allowed to enter changes before and after, but not during
Online Replan session. The changes you made during an online session can be
undone. You are not allowed to start another Online Planner session nor are you
allowed to make changes to the plan when Online Replan is progressing.

Running net change replan simulations

1. Before running net change replan simulation, save and make a copy of your
baseline plan before running replan and make modifications only to the copy
(“current”).

2. Click Plan on the Menu, select Save Actions. This will save a new version of the
plan.

71 MSAT Internal
Page 7
You may save as many versions as you need.

3. Go to the left pane of the Workbench, change to View By Actions and highlight the
“Current” version.

4A. Run Batch Replan


• Make desired changes to the plan
• Save changes
• Submit batch replan concurrent program, choose Plan > Batch Replan

• Verify the concurrent program completes successfully


• Re-query the plan to review the changes

72 MSAT Internal
Page 7
• If the results are not satisfactory, repeat the above steps

4B. Running Online Replan


• Start Online Planner

• Make the desired changes to your plan when the status window informs you
that the session is ready for planning

• Save
• Choose Plan > Online Replan

• When the replanning completes, review the plan results


• Repeat these steps as needed

73 MSAT Internal
Page 7
• Stop online planner session, Choose Plan > Stop Online Planner. Click OK to
confirm your choice.

Note: It is recommended that the online planner be stopped as soon as a series of


simulations is complete. An active online planner could consume a lot of system
resource (CPU/memory).

Viewing Undo Summary


The Undo Summary window lists the users and timestamps for every action/change
made to the plan. It includes online planning changes, sorted by user.

Select Plan > Undo Summary

The Undo Summary window appears

74 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Create Undo Bookmark
You can create save points (Undo Bookmark) for undoing online planner actions.
Subsequently, you can undo only those online planner actions made after the
bookmark.

Select Plan > Add Undo Bookmark

Or click Add Bookmark on the Undo Summary window.

On the Add Bookmark window, enter a Bookmark Name, then click OK.

Undo action
On the Undo Summary window, select a change you initiated in the online planner.
Click Undo.

75 MSAT Internal
Page 7
You cannot undo other users’ changes.

Reports
Plan comparison report

The Plan Comparison Report compares two plans. To compare two plans:
 Specify criteria for comparison attributes (preference sets) and the comparison
display (filtering criteria)
 Select the plans to compare and view the comparison: You can drill down
from exception group comparison to exception type comparison to exception
details comparison.

Plan detail report

The Planning Detail Report provides a simple and consolidated report that shows the
output of the advanced supply chain planning process. The report gives detailed
information to help you understand and analyze the supply chain planning results by
presenting the data selectively and coherently. For a given Supply Chain Plan, the
report includes the relevant details about items, resources, gross requirements,
scheduled receipts, planned orders, plan constraints, and exceptions in separate
worksheets.

You can invoke the report from a menu and print the worksheets selectively. No
additional change or set up in the application is required in order to generate the
report. You can select the plan, organizations, items, resources, projects, and many
other parameters to filter the information to display in the report and you can change
these parameters at any time.

To run the Plan Detail Report, it must set up and configured in Oracle Discoverer.

Audit information reports

76 MSAT Internal
Page 7
The planning process involves collecting and using source data to drive planning.
Data from source instances need to be accurate and need to be set up properly in order
for reliable planning output. Data from the source can be corrupt due to many reasons,
including: bad transactions, missing transactions, human error, improper formats,
conflicting and/or missing setups and profile options.

The Audit Statements Reports are self-explanatory reports that evaluate data setups. It
suggests remedies for the problems that are found.

Audit Collections Setup report

Used for auditing collected data integrity

Audit Planning Data report

Used for auditing the planning engine

Audit UI Data report

Used for auditing the user interface; for example, to check the validity of materialized
views and profile options that control the display of plan data

Practicing labs
To be added

FAQ
1. What calendar quarterly type does ASCP support?

Up to 11i.10, Oracle ASCP only supports 4/4/5 week pattern quarterly type
calendars. Calendars using other type of quarterly pattern may cause
unexpected planning and scheduling results. Check your workday calendars to
see if they are setup with the correct quarterly pattern. Note also, workday
calendars setup for manufacturing and planning is independent of financial
calendars.

2. How are planning buckets and horizon calculated?

You can assign x days + y weeks + z periods planning buckets. The planning
horizon is approximately the total days covered by these buckets. However,
the weekly buckets must start on a week start date, and the same is true that
the period buckets must start on a period start date. Consequently, the planning
horizon may usually longer than that calculated from x days + y weeks + z
periods. See the illustration below:

77 MSAT Internal
Page 7
The 25 days daily bucket ends on 13-APR-2006, but the next week starts on
17-APR-2006 because weekly buckets can only start on a week beginning day
from the manufacturing calendar. If the daily horizon does not end on the day
before a week beginning day, the planning engine extends it to the next day
before a week beginning day. It plans the extended days in daily buckets—
never minute or hourly buckets—regardless of any other settings. The 13
weeks weekly bucket ends on 16-JUL-2006. But the period bucket can only
start on a period beginning date. The nearest period beginning date after 16-
JUL-2006 is 31-JUL-2006. From 31-JUL-2006 on, the 8th periods ends on 01-
APR-2007. The plan horizon is therefore between 20-MAR-2006 and 01-
APR-2007.

Note: the days counted for the daily bucket include non-workdays.

3. How do I know which days are workdays, which day is week start
date and which is period start date?

From the Tools menu, choose Work Dates… You can check workdays, week
start date, or period start date.

Calendar
Code

Non-workdays
are dimmed

78 MSAT Internal Week start dates. Note


Page 7 that the week of May 1
starts on May 4. Why?
Period start date. Note
June 2006 is a five-
week period.

4. What lead-times can you define in Oracle Applications?

The following lead times are organization-item attributes:


 Preprocessing: The time required to place a purchase order or create a
discrete job or schedule. This is usually the paperwork or planning
time you spend on processing an order.
 Fixed: The time required to complete the tasks to make an assembly
that are independent of order quantity, for example, setup, fixed run

79 MSAT Internal
Page 7
time, staging, or teardown times. Oracle Bills of Material concurrent
processes calculate fixed lead time based on scheduled lot-based
resource usages.
 Variable: The time required to complete the tasks to make an assembly
that is proportional to the order quantity, for example, operation time.
Oracle Bills of Material concurrent processes calculate this variable
lead time based on scheduled item-based resource usages.
 Processing: The time required for a supplier or your transfer from
facility to deliver an item to your receiving dock or for you to
manufacture an item. For make items, this is also known as
manufacturing lead-time. For buy and transfer items, it includes in-
transit time to your facility.
 Postprocessing: The time required to receive a buy or transfer item
from the receiving dock to inventory.
 Cumulative Manufacturing: For make items, the time required to
make the item if you have all of the buy items in stock and have to
make all subassemblies if any and the item itself.
 Cumulative Total: For make items, the time required to make the item
if you have to purchase all of the buy items, make all subassemblies,
and make the item itself.
 Lead Time Lot Size: The typical quantity of order size of the item that
you buy, make or transfer. The default value is item attribute Standard
Lot Size (set by Oracle Cost Management). Oracle Bills of Material
concurrent process Calculate Manufacturing Lead Time uses this value
to compute variable lead time.

The lead times below can be defined on subinventory-item level. Their


meanings are the same as those defined on organization level.

 Preprocessing
 Processing
 Postprocessing

You can define item-supplier-supplier site specific processing lead time, too.
Since preprocessing and postprocessing are controlled by your organization
and it does not make sense to set them at supplier-supplier site level.

When you define Kanban pull sequence, you can give a lead time as transfer
time between two pulling points.

When defining shipping network, you can specify Intransit lead times between
two organizations for different shipping methods.

When defining inter-location transit time, you can specify inbound Intransit
lead times between supplier and your organization for different shipping
methods, and outbound Intransit lead times between your organization and
customer site for different shipping methods.

On a transfer from or buy from sourcing rule, you may designate shipping
methods and intransit lead times (the shipping methods and intransit lead

80 MSAT Internal
Page 7
times must already be defined in shipping network for transfer from and in
inter-location transit time for buy from).

5. What lead times may be used by ASCP?

See the table below for the lead times used by ASCP:

Type of lead time Used? Comment


Org-item lead times Yes ASCP uses preprocessing, processing,
post processing lead time for buy items.
It uses variable and fixed lead times for
make item planning.
Subinventory-item lead No ASCP plans at organization level. Thus,
times subinventory-item attributes are ignored.
Kanban pull sequence No ASCP does not plan Kanban. Thus,
lead time Kanban attributes are ignored.
Item-supplier-supplier Yes ASCP uses it to calculate supplier
site lead time specific lead time for buy items
Inter-location transit Depends ASCP uses transit time between your
time organization and customer site to
calculate outbound shipping (sales
order) scheduled ship date and scheduled
arrival date. It does not use transit time
between your organization and supplier
site to calculate inbound shipping
(purchase order) scheduled ship date, for
the supplier shipping date is not under
your control unless you are using Oracle
Supplier Scheduling. In Oracle Supplier
Scheduling, transit time is used to
calculate the scheduled ship date.
Shipping network Yes ASCP uses it for transfer orders between
intransit time your organizations.

Note: currently, Region level sourcing rules and transit lead times are
respected by Global Order Promising (GATP) only for sale order scheduling,
but not by Advanced Supply Chain Planning and Inventory.

6. How are lead times used by ASCP in planned order date


calculation?

For purchased supply:

The starting point is need by date.

Need by Date: Date that the material is required to satisfy demand.

81 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Suggested Due Date:
 Unconstrained plans: Need by Date
 Constrained plans: The available date of the supply by forward
scheduling
Suggested Dock Date:
 Unconstrained plans: Due Date - Postprocessing
 Constrained plans: The latest delivery day for which the capacity is
available and the material is needed
 If the purchased supply item has an Approved Supplier List delivery
calendar: The planning engine verifies that the Suggested Dock Date is
a work day on the delivery calendar. If it is not, the planning engine
changes Suggested Due Date to the next earliest working day of the
delivery calendar.
Suggested Ship Date: Dock Date - Production duration
Production Duration:
 If the purchased supply item has an Approved Supplier List Supplier
Processing lead-time: Approved Supplier List Supplier Processing
lead-time
 If the purchased supply item does not have an Approved Supplier List
Supplier Processing lead-time: Item attribute Processing lead time
Suggested Start Date: Ship Date
Suggested Order Date: Start Date - Preprocessing.

Note: the transit time defined at inter-location transit time is not used by
ASCP for purchased item.

For transferred supply:

Need By Date (receiving organization calendar): Date material is required to


satisfy demand.
Demand Due Date (receiving organization calendar):
 Unconstrained plans: Need By Date
 Constrained plans: Forward scheduling from the constraint.
Suggested Dock Date (receiving organization calendar): Due Date -
Postprocessing
Suggested Ship Date (shipping organization calendar):
 Unconstrained plans: Dock Date - Intransit Time

82 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Constrained plans: Dock Date - Intransit Time, considering constrained
transportation duration. The planning engine considers transportation
constraint maximum transfer quantity per day. Intransit Time is
calendar days.
Suggested Start Date (shipping organization calendar):
 Unconstrained plans: Ship Date - Processing
 Constrained plans: Ship Date. The planning engine does not consider a
build time because the supply may be on-hand.
Suggested Order Date (receiving organization calendar):
 Unconstrained plans: Planned order Start Date - Preprocessing
 Constrained plans: Ship date in the receiving organization, if the
shipping organization is a planned organization. The constrained plan
uses material and resource constraints in the shipping organization.

The diagram shows calculated dates for transfer supplies in an unconstrained


plan.

Note: the intransit lead time defined on shipping network is used by ASCP.

For Manufactured Supplies

ASCP uses work days from the manufacturing calendar to calculate dates for
manufactured supplies.
Need By Date: The date that the material should ship or be in inventory for a
next-higher level assembly. This is the earliest demand due date that the
supply is pegged to.
Suggested Due Date:
 In an Unconstrained or Constrained - Enforce demand due dates plan
this is the same as Need By Date.
 In a Constrained - Enforce capacity constraints plan this is the
scheduled availability date of the supply. If the supply is constrained,
the planning engine forward schedules from the constraint.
Suggested Dock Date: Demand Due Date. Dock Date is the day by which all
shop floor operations are complete.
Manufactured supplies do not have a Postprocessing lead-time.
Suggested Ship Date: Blank
Suggested Start Date: Suggested Due Date - Production duration. This is the
day that you should begin shop floor operations.
Production Duration:
 Unconstrained plans: Fixed + (Variable * Order quantity)
 Constrained plans: Calculated resource and material duration. If the
item does not have a routing, the planning engine uses the
unconstrained calculation.
Suggested Order Date: Planned order Start Date - Preprocessing. It is the date
on which you should place the order.

83 MSAT Internal
Page 7
7. How does ASCP calculate supply dates?

ASCP schedules planned orders and scheduled receipts based on Demand Due
Date of the demand that the supply is pegged to. If a supply is pegged to
multiple demands, it uses the earliest Demand Due Date. It calculates the
other dates as follows:
Need By Date: It is the earliest demand due date of all demands pegged to a
supply.
Suggested Due Date: The date by which the supply is available for use by its
demand.
 In an Unconstrained or Constrained - Enforce demand due dates plan
this is the same as Need By Date.
 In a Constrained - Enforce capacity constraints plan this is the
scheduled availability date of the supply.
Suggested Dock Date: For buy or transfer orders, it is the date when the order
is expected to arrive on your receiving dock.
Suggested Ship Date: For transfer orders, the date of departure from the source
organization of the last transport used for the transfer.
Suggested Start Date: The date that you, your supplier, or your transfer from
organization should begin work on the order.
Suggested Order Date: The date on which you need to place the order. For a
scheduled receipt, this field displays the date the date that the order was
created.

Old Due Date, Old Dock Date, and Original Need By Date are the original
dates from the source system for scheduled receipts.

8. How can I release sales order from ASCP workbench?

In a constrained plan, ASCP may suggest rescheduling sale order. It may


select a different sources based on global supply availability and constraints
that you may have in the supply chain. These changes can be published to
OM.

 Navigate to Supply Chain Plan > Workbench > Tools > Preferences >
Other tab.
 Select the Include Sales Orders check box.
 Select the Release check box for each sales order or the Select all for
release menu option to release the recommendations to update the sales
orders.
 You can manually change the Implement Date in the Release
Properties window to override the plan recommendations. When the
sales order is released, the Implement Date is populated to the
Schedule Ship Date on the sales order line in Oracle Order
Management.

9. Why do the Supply window and Resource Requirements window


show different start and end date/time of a planned order?

84 MSAT Internal
Page 7
On example shown below you can see the planned order start date is 29-DEC-
2007 23:59:00 and it due date is 26-JAN-2007 23:59:00 from the Supply
window. But the resource requirements of the same order indicate the order
starts at 30-DEC-2007 13:38:00 and ends at 04-JAN-2007 13:59:00. Why?

The dates on the resource requirements are derived from the process of
backward or forward scheduling (using lead time offset) of the order
considering constraints as set by plan options. Once these dates are obtained, if
the order is in a weekly or period bucket, ASCP right-justify all the dates to
the last minute of the last workday of the bucket in which the dates fall in.
The period calendar is shown below.

The last work day of period DEC-2006 is 29-DEC-2006. The last work day of
period JAN-2007 is 26-JAN-2007.

Note: when the planned order as the one aforementioned is released from
planner workbench to WIP, WIP will use the Suggest Due Date as the
Completion Date and schedule the job accordingly if WIP is setup to use
unconstrained scheduling. The resource requirements scheduling from ASCP
is ignored.

85 MSAT Internal
Page 7
Appendix Constraint based planning
Constraint-based planning and scheduling takes into account constraints at the
enterprise and plant levels. Material and capacity constraints are considered
simultaneously. Capacity constraints include factory, distribution, and transportation
resources and their respective availabilities. You can specify different constraints and
different levels of granularity in the different periods of the planning horizon.

Constraint types

You can generate plans using the following scenarios for each planning bucket type
(days, weeks, and periods):
 Material constraints only
 Resource constraints only
 Material and resource constraints
Oracle ASCP lets you prioritize how you enforce Capacity Constraints or Demand
Due Dates. Whichever constraint takes precedence over the other is the hard
constraint; the other is the soft constraint. You must choose one and only one type of
constraint.
 Enforce Demand Due Dates (on the Options tab) is checked, Plan Capacity
(on the Aggregation tab) is unchecked. This is an unconstrained plan. This
type of plan is the traditional MRP plan with multiple organization
planning functionality.
 Enforce Demand Due Dates (on the Options tab) is checked; Plan Capacity
(on the Aggregation tab) is checked. Due dates are hard constraints and
capacity is soft constraint. Primary resources are used and loaded to
capacity to satisfy demand due dates. The system also evaluates alternate
resources if additional capacity is required. If there is insufficient capacity
to meet demand due dates, the primary resource is overloaded. The choice
of whether to use an alternate resource or overload capacity depends on
cost considerations if optimization is selected. Oracle ASCP returns
exception messages if capacity is overloaded.
 Enforce Capacity Constraints (on the Options tab) is checked. In this type
of plans, capacity is hard constraint and due dates become soft constraints.
Resources are loaded to their limit to satisfy demand (if required).
Unsatisfied demand is pushed into the future. In this case, Oracle ASCP
returns late replenishment exception messages.
The information needed to run a constraint-based plan is listed below:
 Items: BOM effectivities (process effectivity), ECOs, by-products, safety
stocks, order modifiers, supplier-specific order modifiers, supplier-specific
lead times, pegging restrictions
 Manufacturing Resources: routing effectivities, alternate resources,
resource capacities, line rates, workday calendar
 Transportation Resources: carrier capacities, shipment and delivery
calendars

86 MSAT Internal
Page 7
 Sourcing Constraints: sourcing effectivities, sourcing ranks, allocation
percentages, supplier capacity
 Suppliers: supplier capacity, supplier rank, supplier calendar, flex fences,
supplier order modifier
 Demands: sales orders/forecasts, demand priority, demand priority rules
These data should have been set up correctly in the transaction instances.

Set constraints for different plan types

The following table describes how to set constraints for various plan types:
Plan Type Options tab setting Aggregation tab setting
Unconstrained Check Enforce Demand Uncheck Plan Capacity.
Due Dates
Unconstrained Check Enforce Demand Check Plan Capacity.
But calculate resource Due Dates All Resource Constraints fields are set to
requirements No.
All Material Constraints fields are set to
No.
Hard constraint: Demand Due Check Enforce Demand Check Plan Capacity.
Dates. Due Dates All Resource Constraints fields are set to
Soft constraint: Capacity – No.
Material Constrained At least one Material Constraints field is
set to Yes.
Hard constraint: Demand Due Check Enforce Demand Check Plan Capacity.
Dates. Due Dates All Material Constraints fields are set to
Soft constraint: Capacity – No.
Resource Constrained At least one Resource Constraints field is
set to Yes.
Hard constraint: Demand Due Check Enforce Demand Check Plan Capacity.
Dates. Due Dates At least one Resource Constraints field is
Soft constraint: Capacity – set to Yes.
Resource and Material At least one Material Constraints field is
Constrained set to Yes.
Hard constraint: Capacity – Check Enforce Check Plan Capacity.
Material Constrained. Capacity Constraints All Resource Constraints fields are set to
Soft constraint: Demand Due No.
Dates. At least one Material Constraints field is
set to Yes.
Hard constraint: Capacity – Check Enforce Check Plan Capacity.
Resource Constrained. Capacity Constraints At least one Resource Constraints field is
Soft constraint: Demand Due set to Yes.
Dates All Material Constraints fields are set to
No.
Hard constraint: Capacity – Check Enforce Check Plan Capacity.
Material and Resource Capacity Constraints At least one Resource Constraints field is
Constrained. set to Yes.
Soft constraint: Demand Due At least one Material Constraints field is
Dates set to Yes.

Rules used in constrained plans

When running a constrained but not optimized plan, the following rules are used:
• Demand Priorities are respected

87 MSAT Internal
Page 7
• Alternate bills of material will not be considered
• Alternate routings will not be considered
• Substitute items will not be considered
• Alternate resources in the primary routings will be
considered
Note: WhenDemand Priorities are not specified, the default priorities of the various
demand types are (in order): sales order, forecast, and safety stock.

88 MSAT Internal
Page 7