You are on page 1of 21

On-Load Boiler Cleaning

with Steam
- Rev. 5
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel 10.2007

March 14, 2014


FPK II – Combustion Chemistry II
Åbo Akademi University, Åbo

The Cleaning Systems at a Glance


5 Air heater/
1 Furnace 6 DeSOx
Gas heater
Wall blower Rake sootblower Part retractable
Optimisation
Water cannon Jetblower sootblower
SMART Clean
2 Superheater/
Re-Heater
Automation
Retractable sootblower
Oscillating sootblower SMART Control
Axial sootblower 2 Remote Control
Jetblower
Part retractable
sootblower
SMART Helix 4
3

3 ECO 6

Part retractable
sootblower 5
1
Rotating element
sootblower

4 DeNOx

Rake sootblower

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 2


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

1
Sootblower

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 3


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Sootblower in operation

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 4


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

2
Sootblower Solutions - Types

Sootblower Description Principle

Wall Blower
Cleaning of wall heating surfaces
with heavy slagging
As steam or water blowers

Retractable Sootblower
cleaning of heating surface banks
with heavy fouling and high flue gas
temperatures

Part Retractable Sootblower


Cleaning of heating surface banks
with heavy fouling
Blowing tube remains in the flue gas pass

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 5


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Content

Sootblower solutions
Sootblower technology for the furnace
Wall blower VS-H

Sootblower technology for convective heat exchangers


Retractable sootblowers
- PS-H, RSG-H, RXC-H

Part Retractable sootblowers


- PS-HB, RSG-HB

Important design features

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 6


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

3
Wall blower VS-H

Blowing arc: 30° to 360°


Blowing medium: Steam, air
Blower valve: Cast steel with adjustable throttle disc
for varied blowing pressure
Screw spindle:
Threaded tube with stuffing box casing
Feed tube:
Stainless steel; Ø60 mm
Nozzle head:
Heat resistant steel

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 7


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

VS-H – Functional aspects

Gear Motor Sealing & Scavenging


Air Fan

Valve Actuating Mechanism

Valve

Electrical Equipment
(not shown in fig. above)

Wall Box Nozzle Head Construction Kit Screw Spindle Feed Tube

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 8


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

4
Wall blower VS-H

Nozzle head is axially moved into the


boiler.
Blowing process begins as soon as the
nozzle head has passed through the tube
wall.
During the process, the tube wall is cleaned
in circular form.
On reaching the front end position, the
direction of movement changes and the
nozzle head returns to its starting position.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 9


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

VS-H – Cleaning pattern

Clenaing pattern of VS-H wall


blower

Spiral cleaning pattern due to wall blower type


that advances into the boiler as it cleans

“On-Load “Boiler Cleaning Systems 10


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

5
Content

Sootblower solutions
Sootblower technology for the furnace
Wall blower VS-H

Sootblower technology for convective heat exchangers


Retractable sootblowers
- PS-H, RSG-H, RXC-H

Part retractable sootblowers


- PS-HB, RSG-HB

Important design features

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 11


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Retractable sootblowers

PS-H

RSM-H

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 12


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

6
Retractable sootblowers (PS series)

Sealing & Scavenging


Air Equipment
Lance Tube Guidance Electrical Equipment Covering System Rear Suspension

Valve Actuating
Mechanism

Valve

Lance Tube Feed Tube


Lance Tube Track Beam Blower Carriage Gear Motor Feed Tube
Support Support
Wall Box

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 13


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Retractable sootblower

Travel: 0,3m - 20m over single or double rack (heavy-duty)


Blower valve: Cast steel with adjustable throttle disc for varied
blowing pressure
Feed tube:
Stainless steel; Ø60 mm or Ø70 mm
Lance tube:
Creep resistant or high alloy steels
O.D. Ø88,9 mm, Ø101,6 mm and Ø114,3 mm

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 14


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

7
Operating principle –
Retractable sootblower
Blowing medium – Steam, air
The lance with two opposite, high-
performance nozzles helically moves into
the flue gas pass.
The blowing process may begin as soon as
the two nozzles have passed through the
boiler wall.
During the blowing process the lance tube
continues to move helically into the flue gas
pass.
On reaching the front-side end position the
direction of movement changes and the
lance tube returns to its starting position.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 15


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Cleaning mechanism –
Retractable sootblower

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 16


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

8
Part Retractable sootblower

Travel: 0,3m - 8m over single or double rack (heavy-duty)


Blower valve: Cast steel with adjustable throttle disc for varied
blowing pressure
Blowing tube:
Of material creep resistant steel or of higher alloyed steel
O.D. Ø60,3 / Ø 76,1 / Ø88,9 mm
With welded-in nozzles and element bearings
Feed tube:
Stainless steel; Ø60 mm (or Ø70 mm in special cases)
Lance tube:
Creep resistant or alloy steel
O.D. Ø88,9 mm (or Ø101,6 mm in special cases)
4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 17
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Cleaning mechanism - Part Retractable


sootblower

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 18


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

9
Failure due to axial crack formation

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 19


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Failure due to surface pitting/axial


crack formation

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 20


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

10
Failure due to spalling

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 21


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Deposit break-up by steam jet

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

Thin deposit
Distance = 9 cm
Soft deposit

Break-up duration: 3 ms

22
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

11
Deposit break-up by steam jet

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

Thick deposit
Distance = 9 cm
Soft deposit

Break-up duration: 9.50 ms

23
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

break-up mechanisms

DJET
DDEPOSIT
Surface Pitting +
Spalling
≤ 0.36)
(≤
Surface Pitting +
Axial Crack
(0.36 - 0.51)
Axial Crack
> 0.51)
(>
4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam
Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

24
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

12
Deposit asymmetry – Actual
deposits in boilers

Boiler tubes Deposit

Carry-over

Flue
gas

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 25


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Deposit asymmetry

Symmetric Asymmetric
Deposit

Steel tube

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 26


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

13
Deposit asymmetry

90°

JET

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 27


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Deposit asymmetry (0º vs. 90º)

Mussmann, UoToronto 2009

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 28


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

14
Content

Sootblower solutions
Sootblower technology for the furnace
Wall blower VS-H

Sootblower technology for convective heat exchangers


Retractable sootblowers
- PS-H, RSG-H, RXC-H

Part Retractable sootblowers


- PS-HB, RSG-HB

Important design features

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 29


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Sootblower Design Toolbox


System design

Official Release 1.0

Research & Development Activities 2009/2010 30


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

15
Sootblower Design Toolbox

Project specific input parameters


Calculation of fluid flow and mechanical stability including heat transfer
Calculation of droop correction, steam consumption and jet profile

Research & Development Activities 2009/2010 31


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Retractable Sootblower RXC-H

The canopy of the RXC-H has


been constructed after
meticulous Finite Element
Analysis (FEA) to arrive at the
optimum cross section for the
large travel
The lance tube has been
designed with Ø133 mm with
special consideration to
minimize deflection especially
for a longer travels
Droop correction through
reinforced track beam design
and front plate adjustment

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 32


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

16
Droop Correction*

The nozzle head is guided along the


optimum sootblower center line either
through
droop correction on the track beam
„Fish Belly“ construction
droop correction at the front plate
Results:
Distance “a” between nozzle and heat
exchanger surface remains fairly constant,
thus leads to reduced erosion of the heating
surfaces.
Droop correction through adjustment on
the track beam

Vertical slots to adjust the


front plate (not shown in fig.)
Droop correction through adjustment at
the front plate
*Patentee: Clyde Bergemann
4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 33
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Multi Blowing Pattern*

The nozzle head is in its reverse position, automatically turned for a


certain degree-value.
The steam jet continuously cleans different areas of heating surfaces
Results:
Constant and complete cleaning.
Smooth and balanced cleaning – erosion impact to the heating surfaces is
reduced.
*Patentee: Clyde Bergemann
4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 34
© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

17
Quality of steam

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 35


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Quality of steam

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 36


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

18
Recommended design principals for steam
feeding systems

Piping arrangement:
Inclination for proper draining.
Avoid “Christmas Tree” piping layout.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 37


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Recommended design principals for steam


feeding systems

Piping arrangement:
Inclination for proper draining.
Avoid “Christmas Tree” piping layout.
Pre-heating control:
Draining temperature controlled, not time
controlled.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 38


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

19
Recommended design principals for steam
feeding systems

Piping arrangement:
Inclination for proper draining.
Avoid “Christmas Tree” piping layout.
Pre-heating control:
Draining temperature controlled, not time
controlled.
Cleaning sequence:
Start with sootblower nearest to the drain
station.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 39


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Recommended design principals for steam


feeding systems

Piping arrangement:
Inclination for proper draining.
Avoid “Christmas Tree” piping layout.
Pre-heating control:
Draining temperature controlled, not time
controlled.
Cleaning sequence:
Start with sootblower nearest to the drain
station.
Short connecting pipe:
Secure complete pre-heating; avoid
“cold” pipe parts.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 40


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

20
Recommended design principals for steam
feeding systems

Piping arrangement:
Inclination for proper draining.
Avoid “Christmas Tree” piping layout.
Pre-heating control:
Draining temperature controlled, not time
controlled.
Cleaning sequence:
Start with sootblower nearest to the drain
station.
Short connecting pipe:
Secure complete pre-heating; avoid
“cold” pipe parts.

4 - On-Load Boiler Cleaning with Steam 41


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

www.clydebergemann.de

Titel der Präsentation 42


© CBW Clyde Bergemann Wesel - Alle Rechte vorbehalten

21