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- 1 Formulae Electrostatics
- ACS600
- Lecture 3.pdf
- Capacitance
- Ect
- Agilent U1701 User Manual
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- CAPACITA
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You are on page 1of 5

√

s

This print-out should have 25 questions.

3 2k

Multiple-choice questions may continue on 9. k~v k = q

the next column or page – find all choices ma

√

s

before answering. 3 5k

10. k~v k = q

ma

001 10.0 points

The potential difference between a storm 003 10.0 points

8 A uniform electric field of magnitude 327 V/m

cloud and the ground is 2.18 × 10 V.

If a bolt carrying 1 C falls from a cloud to is directed in the positive x-direction. Sup-

Earth, what is the magnitude of the change of pose a 15 µC charge moves from the origin to

potential energy of the charge? point A at the coordinates, (34 cm, 53 cm).

Answer in units of J. y 327 V/m

Four charges are fixed at the corners of a A

square centered at the origin as follows: q at

(−a, +a); 2 q at (+a, +a); −3 q at (+a, −a); x

and 6 q at (−a, −a). A fifth charge +q with O

mass m is placed at the origin and released

What is the absolute value of the change in

from rest.

potential from the origin to point A?

Find the speed when it is a great distance Answer in units of V.

from the origin, where the potential energy of

the fifth charge due to the four point charges

004 10.0 points

is negligible.

What is the radial component of the electric

s

√ field Er associated with the potential

2 5k

1. k~vk = q a

ma V = ,

s

√ r2

2 2k where a is a constant?

2. k~vk = q

ma

s

√ 3a

3 3k 1. Er = −

3. k~vk = q 4 r3

ma 2a

s

√ 2. Er = 3

3 6k r

4. k~vk = q 2a

ma 3. Er =− 3

s

√ r

6 5k a

5. k~vk = q 4. Er =

ma r

s

√ 2a

6 3k 5. Er =−

6. k~vk = q r

ma 4a

s

√ 6. Er = 3

6 6k r

7. k~vk = q 2a

ma 7. Er =

s

√ r

6 2k 4a

8. k~vk = q 8. Er =− 2

ma r

3a

9. Er =− 2

r

hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 2

A wire that has a uniform linear charge den-

3a sity of 2.4 µC/m is bent into the shape as

10. Er =

4 r2 shown, with radius 4.2 m.

005 10.0 points

The electric potential in a certain region is

4.2 m

V = α x2 y 2 + β z 2 (x2 − γ) + δ y 3 z ,

8.4 m P 8.4 m

where α = 6 V/m4 , β = 9.5 V/m4 , γ =

2.8 m2 , and δ = 7.3 V/m4 . Find the electrical potential at point

What is the y component of the electric P. The value of the Coulomb constant is

field Ey at (4.2 m, −2 m, 2.2 m)? 8.98756 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .

Answer in units of V/m. Answer in units of V.

006 10.0 points 009 10.0 points

In Rutherford’s famous scattering experi- Consider a solid conducting sphere with a

ments (which led to the planetary model of radius a and charge Q1 on it. There is a

the atom), alpha particles (having charges of conducting spherical shell concentric with the

+2 e and masses of 6.64 × 10−27 kg) were fired sphere. The shell has an inner radius b (with

toward a gold nucleus with charge +79 e. An b > a) and outer radius c and a net charge

alpha particle, initially very far from the gold Q2 on the shell. Denote the charge on the

nucleus, is fired at 2.07 × 107 m/s directly inner surface of the shell by Q′2 and that on

toward the gold nucleus. the outer surface of the shell by Q′′2 .

79e

+

2e v=0 Q2

+

+

++

+

+ + Q2′′

+

+

+

Q1 Q′2

d

b a P

How close does the alpha particle get

to the gold nucleus before turning around? c

Assume the gold nucleus remains sta-

tionary. The fundamental charge is

−19

1.602 × 10 C and the Coulomb constant

is 8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .

Answer in units of m. Find the potential VP at point P , midway

a+b

007 10.0 points between a and b; i.e., at r = . Assume

2

Consider two coaxial rings of 23.3 cm radius the potential at r = ∞ is zero.

and separated by 44 cm .

Find the electric potential at a point on 2 ke Q 1 ke Q 2

1. VP = +

their common axis midway between the two a+b c

rings, assuming that each ring carries a 2 ke Q 1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 + Q2 )

2. VP = − +

uniformly distributed charge of 6.39 µC . a+b b c

The value of the Coulomb constant is 2 ke Q 1 2 ke Q 2

8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . 3. VP = −

a+b b

Answer in units of V.

2 ke Q 1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 − Q2 )

4. VP = + −

008 10.0 points a+b b c

hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 3

A parallel-plate capacitor has an area of

ke Q 1 ke Q 2 4.70 cm2 and the plates are separated by

5. VP = −

a+b b 0.900 mm. The capacitor stores a charge

2 ke Q 1 of 367.0 pC.

6. VP =

a+b What is the potential difference across the

plates of the capacitor? The permittivity of a

7. VP = 0

vacuum is 8.8542 × 10−12 C2 /N · m2 .

2 ke (Q1 − Q2 ) Answer in units of V.

8. VP =

a+b

2 ke Q 1 014 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

9. VP = What is the magnitude of the uniform electric

a

field in the region that is located between the

2 ke Q 1 ke Q 2 plates?

10. VP = −

a+b c Answer in units of V/m.

010 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

A long cylindrical insulator has a uniform 015 10.0 points

charge density of 0.99 µC/m3 and a radius of A spherical capacitor consists of a conducting

3 cm . ball of radius 7 cm that is centered inside a

grounded conducting spherical shell of inner

radius 11 cm.

What magnitude of charge on each is

3 cm required to achieve a potential difference

of 680 V between the ball and the shell?

2 cm The value of the Coulomb constant is

8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .

Answer in units of C.

What is the electric field inside the insulator A coaxial cable has a charged inner conductor

at a distance of 2 cm? (with charge +5.4 µC and radius 1.316 mm)

Answer in units of N/C. and a surrounding oppositely charged con-

ductor (with charge −5.4 µC and radius

011 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points 8.297 mm).

How much work must you do to bring a q =

0.06 µC test charge from 10 cm to 2 cm?

Answer in units of J. 1.316 mm 25 m

+5.4 µC

012 10.0 points 8.297 mm

Two conductors not touching each other are −5.4 µC

charged by transferring electrons from one b

conductor to the other. After 2.4164 × 1014

have been transferred, the potential difference

between the conductors is 20.3 V.

What is the capacitance of the system? The

fundamental charge is 1.602 × 10−19 C . What is the magnitude of the electric

Answer in units of F. field halfway between the two cylindrical

conductors? The Coulomb constant is

013 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points 8.98755 × 10 N · m2 /C2 . Assume the region

9

hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 4

effects. A capacitor is constructed of interlocking

Answer in units of V/m. plates as shown. The separation between

adjacent plates is 0.37 mm, and the effective

017 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points area of one of the adjacent plates is 9.4 cm2 .

What is the capacitance of this cable?

Answer in units of nF.

Consider the capacitor circuit

6.4 µF 10 µF 10 µF

2.6 µF

a c

b 10 µF

10 µF 6.4 µF Ignoring side effects, calculate the capac-

itance of this unit. The permittivity of a

EB vacuum is 8.8542 × 10−12 C2 /N · m2 .

Answer in units of pF.

points a and c for the group of capacitors A sheet of mica is inserted between the plates

connected as shown. of an isolated charged parallel-plate capacitor.

Answer in units of µF. Which of the following statements is true?

Consider the capacitor network. creases.

3. 1

8.2 µF

plates increases.

a b

5.6 µF

7. 9 itor decreases.

Find the equivalent capacitance between

points a and b. 5. The energy of the capacitor does not

Answer in units of µF. change.

A 4.03 µF capacitor charged to 93 V and

a 2.6 µF capacitor charged to 88 V are con- When a certain air-filled parallel-plate ca-

nected to each other, with the two positive pacitor is connected across a battery, it ac-

plates connected and the two negative plates quires a charge (on each plate) of magnitude

connected. 189 µC. While the battery connection is

What is the final potential difference across maintained, a dielectric slab is inserted into

the 2.6 µF capacitor? the space between the capacitor plates and

Answer in units of V. completely fills this region. This results in the

accumulation of an additional charge of 82 µC

on each plate.

021 10.0 points

hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 5

κ κ

Two capacitors of 31.1 µF and 4.03 µF are

connected in parallel and charged with a

110 V power supply.

Find the total energy stored in the capaci-

tors.

Answer in units of J.

What potential difference would be required

across the same two capacitors connected in

series in order for the combination to store

the same amount of energy?

Answer in units of V.

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