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hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 1


s
This print-out should have 25 questions.
3 2k
Multiple-choice questions may continue on 9. k~v k = q
the next column or page – find all choices ma

s
before answering. 3 5k
10. k~v k = q
ma
001 10.0 points
The potential difference between a storm 003 10.0 points
8 A uniform electric field of magnitude 327 V/m
cloud and the ground is 2.18 × 10 V.
If a bolt carrying 1 C falls from a cloud to is directed in the positive x-direction. Sup-
Earth, what is the magnitude of the change of pose a 15 µC charge moves from the origin to
potential energy of the charge? point A at the coordinates, (34 cm, 53 cm).
Answer in units of J. y 327 V/m

002 10.0 points (34 cm, 53 cm)


Four charges are fixed at the corners of a A
square centered at the origin as follows: q at
(−a, +a); 2 q at (+a, +a); −3 q at (+a, −a); x
and 6 q at (−a, −a). A fifth charge +q with O
mass m is placed at the origin and released
What is the absolute value of the change in
from rest.
potential from the origin to point A?
Find the speed when it is a great distance Answer in units of V.
from the origin, where the potential energy of
the fifth charge due to the four point charges
004 10.0 points
is negligible.
What is the radial component of the electric
s
√ field Er associated with the potential
2 5k
1. k~vk = q a
ma V = ,
s
√ r2
2 2k where a is a constant?
2. k~vk = q
ma
s
√ 3a
3 3k 1. Er = −
3. k~vk = q 4 r3
ma 2a
s
√ 2. Er = 3
3 6k r
4. k~vk = q 2a
ma 3. Er =− 3
s
√ r
6 5k a
5. k~vk = q 4. Er =
ma r
s
√ 2a
6 3k 5. Er =−
6. k~vk = q r
ma 4a
s
√ 6. Er = 3
6 6k r
7. k~vk = q 2a
ma 7. Er =
s
√ r
6 2k 4a
8. k~vk = q 8. Er =− 2
ma r
3a
9. Er =− 2
r
hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 2
A wire that has a uniform linear charge den-
3a sity of 2.4 µC/m is bent into the shape as
10. Er =
4 r2 shown, with radius 4.2 m.
005 10.0 points
The electric potential in a certain region is
4.2 m
V = α x2 y 2 + β z 2 (x2 − γ) + δ y 3 z ,
8.4 m P 8.4 m
where α = 6 V/m4 , β = 9.5 V/m4 , γ =
2.8 m2 , and δ = 7.3 V/m4 . Find the electrical potential at point
What is the y component of the electric P. The value of the Coulomb constant is
field Ey at (4.2 m, −2 m, 2.2 m)? 8.98756 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .
Answer in units of V/m. Answer in units of V.
006 10.0 points 009 10.0 points
In Rutherford’s famous scattering experi- Consider a solid conducting sphere with a
ments (which led to the planetary model of radius a and charge Q1 on it. There is a
the atom), alpha particles (having charges of conducting spherical shell concentric with the
+2 e and masses of 6.64 × 10−27 kg) were fired sphere. The shell has an inner radius b (with
toward a gold nucleus with charge +79 e. An b > a) and outer radius c and a net charge
alpha particle, initially very far from the gold Q2 on the shell. Denote the charge on the
nucleus, is fired at 2.07 × 107 m/s directly inner surface of the shell by Q′2 and that on
toward the gold nucleus. the outer surface of the shell by Q′′2 .
79e
+

2e v=0 Q2
+
+

++
+
+ + Q2′′
+
+
+

Q1 Q′2
d
b a P
How close does the alpha particle get
to the gold nucleus before turning around? c
Assume the gold nucleus remains sta-
tionary. The fundamental charge is
−19
1.602 × 10 C and the Coulomb constant
is 8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .
Answer in units of m. Find the potential VP at point P , midway
a+b
007 10.0 points between a and b; i.e., at r = . Assume
2
Consider two coaxial rings of 23.3 cm radius the potential at r = ∞ is zero.
and separated by 44 cm .
Find the electric potential at a point on 2 ke Q 1 ke Q 2
1. VP = +
their common axis midway between the two a+b c
rings, assuming that each ring carries a 2 ke Q 1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 + Q2 )
2. VP = − +
uniformly distributed charge of 6.39 µC . a+b b c
The value of the Coulomb constant is 2 ke Q 1 2 ke Q 2
8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 . 3. VP = −
a+b b
Answer in units of V.
2 ke Q 1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 − Q2 )
4. VP = + −
008 10.0 points a+b b c
hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 3
A parallel-plate capacitor has an area of
ke Q 1 ke Q 2 4.70 cm2 and the plates are separated by
5. VP = −
a+b b 0.900 mm. The capacitor stores a charge
2 ke Q 1 of 367.0 pC.
6. VP =
a+b What is the potential difference across the
plates of the capacitor? The permittivity of a
7. VP = 0
vacuum is 8.8542 × 10−12 C2 /N · m2 .
2 ke (Q1 − Q2 ) Answer in units of V.
8. VP =
a+b
2 ke Q 1 014 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
9. VP = What is the magnitude of the uniform electric
a
field in the region that is located between the
2 ke Q 1 ke Q 2 plates?
10. VP = −
a+b c Answer in units of V/m.
010 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A long cylindrical insulator has a uniform 015 10.0 points
charge density of 0.99 µC/m3 and a radius of A spherical capacitor consists of a conducting
3 cm . ball of radius 7 cm that is centered inside a
grounded conducting spherical shell of inner
radius 11 cm.
What magnitude of charge on each is
3 cm required to achieve a potential difference
of 680 V between the ball and the shell?
2 cm The value of the Coulomb constant is
8.98755 × 109 N · m2 /C2 .
Answer in units of C.

016 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


What is the electric field inside the insulator A coaxial cable has a charged inner conductor
at a distance of 2 cm? (with charge +5.4 µC and radius 1.316 mm)
Answer in units of N/C. and a surrounding oppositely charged con-
ductor (with charge −5.4 µC and radius
011 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points 8.297 mm).
How much work must you do to bring a q =
0.06 µC test charge from 10 cm to 2 cm?
Answer in units of J. 1.316 mm 25 m
+5.4 µC
012 10.0 points 8.297 mm
Two conductors not touching each other are −5.4 µC
charged by transferring electrons from one b
conductor to the other. After 2.4164 × 1014
have been transferred, the potential difference
between the conductors is 20.3 V.
What is the capacitance of the system? The
fundamental charge is 1.602 × 10−19 C . What is the magnitude of the electric
Answer in units of F. field halfway between the two cylindrical
conductors? The Coulomb constant is
013 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points 8.98755 × 10 N · m2 /C2 . Assume the region
9

between the conductors is air, and neglect end


hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 4
effects. A capacitor is constructed of interlocking
Answer in units of V/m. plates as shown. The separation between
adjacent plates is 0.37 mm, and the effective
017 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points area of one of the adjacent plates is 9.4 cm2 .
What is the capacitance of this cable?
Answer in units of nF.

018 10.0 points


Consider the capacitor circuit
6.4 µF 10 µF 10 µF

2.6 µF
a c
b 10 µF
10 µF 6.4 µF Ignoring side effects, calculate the capac-
itance of this unit. The permittivity of a
EB vacuum is 8.8542 × 10−12 C2 /N · m2 .
Answer in units of pF.

Find the equivalent capacitance between 022 10.0 points


points a and c for the group of capacitors A sheet of mica is inserted between the plates
connected as shown. of an isolated charged parallel-plate capacitor.
Answer in units of µF. Which of the following statements is true?

019 10.0 points 1. The charge on the capacitor plates de-


Consider the capacitor network. creases.

µF 2. The electric field between the capacitor


3. 1
8.2 µF

plates increases.
a b
5.6 µF

3. The capacitance decreases.

µF 4. The potential difference across the capac-


7. 9 itor decreases.
Find the equivalent capacitance between
points a and b. 5. The energy of the capacitor does not
Answer in units of µF. change.

020 10.0 points 023 10.0 points


A 4.03 µF capacitor charged to 93 V and
a 2.6 µF capacitor charged to 88 V are con- When a certain air-filled parallel-plate ca-
nected to each other, with the two positive pacitor is connected across a battery, it ac-
plates connected and the two negative plates quires a charge (on each plate) of magnitude
connected. 189 µC. While the battery connection is
What is the final potential difference across maintained, a dielectric slab is inserted into
the 2.6 µF capacitor? the space between the capacitor plates and
Answer in units of V. completely fills this region. This results in the
accumulation of an additional charge of 82 µC
on each plate.
021 10.0 points
hoang (hnh559) – Homework 4 – markert – (88160) 5

κ κ

What is the dielectric constant of the slab?

024 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


Two capacitors of 31.1 µF and 4.03 µF are
connected in parallel and charged with a
110 V power supply.
Find the total energy stored in the capaci-
tors.
Answer in units of J.

025 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


What potential difference would be required
across the same two capacitors connected in
series in order for the combination to store
the same amount of energy?
Answer in units of V.