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✅Republic Acts - are laws made by congress,the latter referring to house of representatives and senate

of the phils.duly signed by the president

✅Presidential Decrees- are laws made and approved by then former president marcos; here are some of
them;

P.D. 1414 - created the law on indigenous person,or the katutubo

P.D. 1619 - solvent and volatile

P.D. 968 - PROBATION LAW

P.D. 603 - THE CHILD AND YOUTH WELFARE ACT CODE..EFFECTIVE JUNE 8 1975

P.D. 1069 - PHIL EXTERNAL/EXTRADITION LAW

P.D. 532 - ANTI PIRACY AND ANTI HIGHWAY LAW OF 1974

P.D. 533 - ANTI-CATTLE RUSTLING LAW OF 1974

P.D. 1602 - ILLEGAL GAMBLING

P.D. 1866 - AS AMENDED BY R.A. 8294,ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF FIREARM AND EXPLOSIVES

P.D. 1612 -ANTI FENCING LAW

P.D. 684 - CREATED SK

P.D. 1184 - CREATED THE PPSC

P.D.229 -DECLARING BGY CHAIRMAN AS PERSON IN AUTHORITY

P.D. 557 - DECLARING ALL BARRIOS AS BARANGAY

P.D. 1508 - CREATION OF BARANGAY COURT

P.D.1829 - PENALIZING OBSTRUCTION OF APPREHENSION AND PROSECUTION OF CRIMINAL OFFENDER

P.D. 46 - ACT PUNISHING THE RECEIVING AND GIVING OF GIFTS OF PUBLIC OFFICIAL AND EMPLOYEES

P.D 1689 - INCREASED THE PENALTY FOR CERTAIN FORMS OF ESTAFA

P.D.2018 - MAKES THE ILLEGAL RECRUITMENT A CRIME OF ECONOMIC SABOTAGE PUNISHABLE BY LIFE
IMPRISONMENT

P.D 133 - PRESCRIBED HEAVY PENALTY FOR EMPLOYEES THEFT AND LABORERS

P.D.1185 - FIRE CODE OF THE PHILS

P.D.1731 - PROVIDES FOR REWARDS AND INCENTIVES TO GOVT WITNESS AND INFORMANTS
P.D 1732 - PROVIDES IMMUNITY FOR GOVT WITNESSES

P.D., 1869 - PROHIBITION OF GOVT OFFICIALS TO ENTER IN GAMBLING HOUSE AND CASINOS

R.A 7160 - LOCAL GOVT CODE OF 1991

R.A. 4103 - INDETERMINATE SENTENCE LAW

R.A. 4200 - ANTI-WIRE TAPPING LAW

R.A. 1524 - PROVIDES FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE CONDITIONS FOR PARDON

R.A. 7610 - SPECIAL PROTECTION OF CHILDREN AGAINST CHILD ABUSED EXPLOITATION AND
DISCRIMINATION ACT AS AMENDED

R.A. 9344 - JUVENILE JUSTICE AND WELFARE SYSTEM MY 4 2006

R.A. 9231 - CHILD LABORING ACT

R.A. 6809 - LOWERING THE AGE OF MINORITY FROM 21 TO 18 YEARS OF AGE,TOTALLY EMANCIPATED

R.A 7659 - DEATH PENALTY

R.A. 8177 - ACT DESIGNATING DEATH BY LETHAL INJECTION LAW

R.A. 3019 - AS AMENDED BY ANTI-GRAFT AND CORRUPTION PRACTICES

R.A. 6713 - CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR PUBLIC OFFICIAL AND EMPLOYEES

R.A. 7080 - ANTI-PLUNDER ACT

R.A. 7877 - ANTI-SEXUAL HARASSMENT ACT OF 1995

BOARD EXAMINATION

1.) ACTORI INCUMBIT ONUS PROBANDI - The burden of proof rests ėwith the plaintiff or prosecution.

2.) ACTUS DEI NEMINI FACIT INJURIAM - The law holds no man responsible for the act of God.

3.) ACTUS DEI NEMINI NOCET - No one is to be prejudiced at law by the act of God

4.) ACTUS LEGIS NEMINI EST DAMNOSUS - An act of the law is hurtful to no one.

5.)ACTUS ME INVITO FACTUS NON EST MEUS ACTUS - That which is done against my will, although done
by me, is not my act.

6.) ACTUS NON FACIT REUM, NISI MENS SIT REA - An act does not make the person doing it guilty unless
it is accompanied by a guilty mind

7.) ALLEGANS CONTRARIA NON EST AUDIENDUS - A witness may not be heard to contradict himself.
8.) ALLEGATA ET PROBATA - Things alleged and proved.

9.) ALTUM MARE - The high seas.

10.) AMICUS CURIAE - A friend of the Court.

11.) ANIMO - With intention.

12.) ANIMO FELONICO - With felonious intent.

13.) ANIMUS - Mind, Intention.

14.) ANIMUS DEDICANDI - The intention of donating or dedicating.

15.) ANIMUS ET FACTUM - The combination of intention with the fact.

16.) ANIMUS FURANDI - With the intention of stealing.nk

17.) ARBITRIUM EST JUDICIUM - The award of an arbitrator has the same force and effect as a
judgement.

18.) ARGUMENTUM AB IMPOSSIBILI VALET IN LEGE - An argument drawn from the fact that a thing is
impossible is of much force in law.

19.) AUCUPIA VERBORUM SUNT JUDICE INDIGNA - Quibbling with words is not worthy of a judge.

20.) AUDI ALTERAM PARTEM - To hear both sides, to hear the other side.

03/30/2016 1:53pm

SOME USEFUL LATIN TERMS AND LEGAL MAXIMS:

Verba legis non est decendendum – from the words of the law there can be no departure.

Dura lex sed lex – the law may be harsh but it is the law.

Ignorantia legis neminem excusat – ignorance of the law excuses no one.

Ignorantia facti excusat – mistake of fact excuses.

Praeter intentionem – different from that which was intended.

Error in personae – mistake in identity.

Abberatio Ictus – mistake in the blow

Nulum crimen, nulla poena sine lege – there is no crime when there is no law punishing the same.
Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea – the act cannot be criminal where the mind is not criminal.

Actus mi invictu reus, nisi mens facit reum – an act done by me against my will is not my act.

Mens rea – guilty mind.

Actus reus – guilty act.

Res ipsa loquitor – the thing speaks for itself.

Causa Proxima – proximate cause which produced the immediate

effect.

Prima facie – at first glance.

Locus Criminis – scene of the crime or crime scene.

Pro Reo – principle in Criminal Law which states that where the statute admits of several interpretations,
the one most favorable to the accused shall be adopted.

Res Gestae – the thing itself.

Falsus in unum, falsus in omnibus – false in one part of the statement would render the entire statement
false (note: this maxim is not recognized in our jurisdiction).

03/31/2016 5:53pm

SPECIAL PENAL LAWS

1. RA NO. 10175 - AN ACT DEFINING CYBERCRIME, PROVIDING FOR THE PREVENTION, INVESTIGATION,
SUPPRESSION AND THE

2. RA NO. 10158 - AN ACT DECRIMINALIZING VAGRANCY, AMENDING FOR THIS PURPOSE ARTICLE 202 OF
ACT NO. 3815, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE REVISED PENAL CODE

3. RA NO. 9995 - AN ACT DEFINING AND PENALIZING THE CRIME OF PHOTO AND VIDEO VOYEURISM,
PRESCRIBING PENALTIES THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

4. RA No. 9775 - Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009

5. RA No. 9516 - An Act Further Amending the Provisions of

Presidential Decree No. 1866, As Amended, Entitled "Codifying the Laws on Illegal/Unlawful Possession,
Manufacture, Dealing in, Acquisition or Disposition of Firearms, Ammunition or Explosives Or
Instruments Used in the Manufacture of Firearms, Ammunition or Explosives, and Imposing Stiffer
Penalties for Certain Violations thereof, and for Relevant Purposes"
6. RA No. 9439 [H. No. 68] - An Act Prohibiting the Detention of Patients in Hospitals and Medical Clinics
on Grounds of Nonpayment of Hospital Bills or Medlcal Expenses

7. RA No. 9346 - An Act Prohibiting the Imposition of Death Penalty in the Philippines.

8. Republic No. 9344 - An Act Establishing a Comprehensive Juvenile Justice and Welfare System,
Creating the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Council under the Department of Justice, Appropriating Funds
therefor and for other Purposes.

9. Republic Act No. 9262 - An Act Defining Violence Against Women And Their Children, Providing For
Protective Measures For Victims, Prescribing Penalties Therefore, And For Other Purposes.

10. Republic Act No. 9208 - An Act To Institute Policies to Eliminate Trafficking in Persons Especially
Women and Children, Establishing the Necessary Institutional Mechanisms for the Protection and
Support of Trafficked Persons, Providing Penalties for Its Violations, and for other Purposes.

1) PD 603 – Child and Youth Welfare Code

2) Ra 7610 – Anti-Child Abuse Law

3) RA 6809 – law amending the age of majority

4) RA 8552 AND RA 8043 – laws on adoption

5) RA 9208 – Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act

6) RA 9231 – law amending RA 7610 on working children

7) RA 9255 – law on the use of father’s surname of

illegitimate children

8) RA 9262 – Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children

9) RA 9523 – law amending the laws on adoption

10) RA 9344 - Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act

11) RA 9775 – Anti-Child Pornography Act

Thank you for sharing guys

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