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WB-AMR Rate Control

Feature Guide
WB-AMR Rate Control

WB-AMR Rate Control


Version Date Author Reviewer Notes

Compared with UR14, there is no change


V1.00 2016/05/20 Huang He Wu Xiuling
except software version.

© 2016 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Feature Attribute ............................................................................................... 6

2 Overview ............................................................................................................ 6
2.1 Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 6
2.1.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ........................................................... 8
2.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling.................................................................. 8
2.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ........................................................................................... 9
2.2 License Control .................................................................................................. 10
2.3 Correlation With Other Features ........................................................................ 10

3 Technical Description ..................................................................................... 11


3.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 11
3.1.1 WB-AMR Rate Selection .................................................................................... 11
3.1.2 Combination of WB-AMR and PS Services ........................................................ 13
3.1.3 WB-AMR Mobility ............................................................................................... 13
3.1.4 Directed Retry of the WB-AMR Service During RAB Assignment....................... 13
3.1.5 AMR Rate Control After Relocation .................................................................... 13
3.1.6 RAB Modification of WB-AMR ............................................................................ 14
3.1.7 Signaling Flow on the Control Plane of the WB-AMR Service ............................ 14
3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 18
3.2.1 Classification of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment ............................................... 18
3.2.2 AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment Based on Radio Link Transmit Power .............. 19
3.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load ............................................................ 24
3.2.4 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Resource Congestion .................................. 25
3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 25
3.3.1 OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control............................................................ 27
3.3.2 Iu UP Initialization .............................................................................................. 28
3.3.3 Iu UP Rate Control ............................................................................................. 29

4 Parameters....................................................................................................... 30
4.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 30
4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 34
4.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on the UE Transmit Power ................................ 34
4.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of Node B
Transmit Power .................................................................................................. 37
4.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load and Resource Congestion ................... 44
4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 45

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5 Related Counters and Alarms ........................................................................ 46


5.1 Related Counters ............................................................................................... 46
5.2 Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 51

6 Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 52


6.1 Application Scenario .......................................................................................... 52
6.1.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 52
6.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 52
6.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 52
6.2 Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................. 52
6.2.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 52
6.2.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Control ..................................................................... 55
6.2.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 63
6.3 Feature Validation Procedure ............................................................................ 64
6.3.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 64
6.3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 64
6.3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 65
6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure......................................................................... 65
6.4.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 65
6.4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 66
6.4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 66
6.5 Impact on the Network ....................................................................................... 66
6.5.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support ......................................................... 66
6.5.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling................................................................ 66
6.5.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO ......................................................................................... 67

7 Abbreviations .................................................................................................. 67

8 Reference Documents..................................................................................... 68

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FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Signaling Flow of the AMR Service ...................................................................15


Figure 3-2 Flow of OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control ..............................................27
Figure 3-3 Iu UP Initialization .............................................................................................28
Figure 3-4 Flow of Iu UP Rate Control ...............................................................................29
Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1 .................................................................53
Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2 .................................................................54
Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3 .................................................................54
Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface 4 .................................................................55
Figure 6-5 Parameter Configuration Interface 5 .................................................................55
Figure 6-6 Parameter Configuration Interface 6 .................................................................56
Figure 6-7 Parameter Configuration Interface 7 .................................................................57
Figure 6-8 Parameter Configuration Interface 8 .................................................................58
Figure 6-9 Parameter Configuration Interface 9 .................................................................59
Figure 6-10 Parameter Configuration Interface 10 .............................................................60
Figure 6-11 Parameter Configuration Interface 11 .............................................................60
Figure 6-12 Parameter Configuration Interface 12 .............................................................61
Figure 6-13 Parameter Configuration Interface 13 .............................................................62
Figure 6-14 Parameter Configuration Interface 14 .............................................................62
Figure 6-15 Parameter Configuration Interface 15 .............................................................63
Figure 6-16 Parameter Configuration Interface 16 .............................................................63

TABLES

Table 2-1 WB-AMR Rate Classification .............................................................................. 7


Table 2-2 License Control List ...........................................................................................10
Table 4-1 Parameter Description .......................................................................................30

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Table 4-2 Parameter Description .......................................................................................34


Table 4-3 Parameter Description .......................................................................................37
Table 4-4 Parameter Description .......................................................................................45
Table 5-1 Counters ............................................................................................................46
Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................64
Table 6-2 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................64
Table 6-3 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................65
Table 6-4 RNC Parameter .................................................................................................65
Table 6-5 RNC Parameter .................................................................................................66

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1 Feature Attribute
RNC version: [ZXUR 9000 UMTS V4.15.10.20/ZXWR RNC V3.15.10.20]

Node B version: [ZXSDR V4.15.10]

Attribute: [Optional]

Related Network Element:


NE Name Related or Not Special Requirements

UE √ UE should support WB-AMR feature.

Node B √ None.

RNC √ RNC should support WB-AMR feature.

iTC - None.

MSC - None.

MGW - None.

SGSN - None.

GGSN - None.

HLR √ The UE subscribes to the WB-AMR service.


“√”: involved
“-”: not involved

2 Overview

2.1 Feature Introduction

The Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) codec provides a high-quality voice service with flexible
multi-rate to reach a balance between voice quality and system capability (network load).

Currently, 3GPP uses two formats: Narrowband Adaptive Multi-Rate (NB-AMR) and
Wideband Adaptive Multi-Rate (WB-AMR), and both of them use the same frame length
of 20 ms. For NB-AMR, the voice channel bandwidth is limited to 3.7 kHz and the
sampling frequency is 8,000 Hz. For WB-AMR, the voice channel bandwidth is 7 kHz and
the sampling frequency is 16,000 Hz. The voice quality of WB-AMR is higher than that of

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NB-AMR. If WB-AMR is required, the UE must support it, and whether a UE supports
WB-AMR is indicated in the SETUP uplink direct transfer message from the UE.

AMR Control (AMRC) indicates adjusting AMR between different rates in WCDMA
systems. Through AMRC, voice rate can be reduced to improve voice quality and reduce
system load. AMRC can be used in the following scenarios:

 The load at the downlink air interface exceeds the threshold.

 The load at the uplink air interface exceeds the threshold.

 Uplink coverage is limited and the AMR rate can be reduced to widen uplink
coverage.

When system load is light, AMRC can be used to increase the AMR rate. In this way,
QoS is greatly improved.

The WB-AMR service was introduced in 1999 to provide higher voice quality. The
WB-AMR service is applicable to both the 3G system and GSM systems.

The WB-AMR service has two service RAB sub-flows and can provide nine voice rates
and the Silence Descriptor. The WB-AMR codec modes related to UMTS_AMR are
shown in the following table.

Table 2-1 WB-AMR Rate Classification

WB-AMR Codec Total Number


Sub-flow 1 Sub-flow 2 Sub-flow 3
Mode of Bits

WB-AMR_6.60 132 54 78 0

WB-AMR_8.85 177 64 113 0

WB-AMR_12.65 253 72 181 0

WB-AMR_14.25 285 72 213 0

WB-AMR_15.85 317 72 245 0

WB-AMR_18.25 365 72 293 0

WB-AMR_19.85 397 72 325 0

WB-AMR_23.05 461 72 389 0

WB-AMR_23.85 477 72 405 0

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WB-AMR Codec Total Number


Sub-flow 1 Sub-flow 2 Sub-flow 3
Mode of Bits

WB-AMR_SID 40 40(including 0 0
35 comfort
noise bits)

WB-AMR sub-flow 1 contains the most important information of voice information and
12-bit CRC protection must be added on the air interface. Sub-flow 2 contains less
important voice information and CRC protection is not added on the air interface.
Sub-flow 3 does not contain any bit and is designed to be compatible with the structure of
NB-AMR.

2.1.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

ZTE's RAN supports all the nine WB-AMR rates defined in 3GPP 26.201, including 23.85
kbps, 23.05 kbps, 19.85 kbps, 18.25 kbps, 15.85 kbps, 14.25 kbps, 12.65 kbps, 8.85
kbps, and 6.6 kbps. The WB-AMR SID 1.75 kbps is also supported.

When the CN delivers an RAB assignment request for WB-AMR establishment, ZTE's
RAN does not support the RAB negotiation between NB-AMR and WB-AMR. This
indicates that if WB-AMR cannot be established, the RNC does not initiate the RAB
modification process to establish NB-AMR.

The RAB parameters of ZTE's RAN, used to bear WB-AMR services, are configured in
accordance with 3GPP TS 34.108.

2.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

In a WCDMA system, the radio conditions between a UE and the base station always
change. When the UE is far from the base station or the radio conditions are poor, the
base station or the UE must have greater transmit power under the closed-loop power
control to guarantee the QoS of the AMR service. The increase of the power may result
in further deterioration of radio conditions. As a result, system capacity decreases and
the QoS requirements of the service cannot be met even when the power is increased to
the maximum value.

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ZTE's RNC can monitor the uplink transmit power contained in the UE internal
measurement report or the downlink transmit power contained in the NodeB-dedicated
measurement report. When the uplink or downlink transmit power rises to a threshold,
the RNC automatically adjusts the UE's AMR rate to reduce the power required for the
service. This indicates that voice quality is reduced to retain calls. When the radio
conditions between a UE and the base station are good and the transmit power of the
base station or the UE decreases to a threshold, the AMR rate can be increased to
provide the UE with higher voice quality when the system is neither overloaded nor
congested.

In addition, when the downlink and uplink load of a cell is high in accordance with its
downlink transmit power and uplink interference, ZTE's RNC can lighten the cell load by
reducing the AMR rate of some UEs with low priorities so that more UEs can be
supported.

The RNC can only adjust the AMR rates belonging to the AMR code set configured by
the CN for UEs during call establishment. The voice quality when low-rate AMR coding is
used is lower than that when high-rate AMR coding is used but the capacity (number of
UEs) is higher and the coverage is wider.

2.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

WCDMA systems use AMR compressed voice coding. In the R99 phase, a TDM bearer
is used between CS core network devices, and 64 kbit/s PCM coding must be used for
voice. Voice Transcoder (TC) is an important function of the R99 MSC, converting the
AMR voice codes of mobile terminals into PCM codes and transmits them over the
network. The calls between mobile users require two voice code conversions
(AMR-PCM-AMR). Frequent encoding and decoding reduce voice quality.

Therefore, 3GPP introduced Tandem Free Operation (TFO) and Transcoder Free
Operation (TrFO) in the R4 protocol to avoid voice encoding and decoding. With these
two technologies, the transmission network bandwidth between core networks can be
saved. The differences between the technologies are as follows: TFO needs TC
resources. After a call is established, a direct connection is established between the TCs
of the calling and called MSCs through in-band signaling negotiation to bypass encoding
and decoding. TrFO does not need TC resources. This indicates that Out of Band

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Transcoder Control (OoBTC) is used during call establishment to perform consistent


voice encoding and decoding negotiation between the UE and the network.

The TFO technology is used on core network devices without the RAN. The TrFO
technology requires that the RAN should support out-band voice encoding negotiation
and the processing related to the user plane.

ZTE's RAN supports the TrFO function and complies with 3GPP TS 23.153 and TS
25.415.

2.2 License Control

Table 2-2 License Control List

License Configured
Feature ID Feature Name Unit
Control Item NE

WB-AMR
WB-AMR Speech
ZWF21-02-020 Speech RNC RNC
Support
Support

ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling AMR Rate


RNC RNC
Controlling

ZWF21-06-002 TrFO N/A N/A N/A

2.3 Correlation With Other Features

1. Required Features

None.

2. Mutually Exclusive Features

None.

3. Affected Features

None.

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3 Technical Description

3.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

3.1.1 WB-AMR Rate Selection

The 3GPP specifications define nine voice rates and one SID for UMTS WB-AMR, and
the highest voice rate supported is 23.85 kbps.

3.1.1.1 RAB Assignment

ZTE's RNC determines the WB-AMR rate set according to the value of UP Mode
Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message.

ULogicalRnc.wAmrSupInd indicates whether the WB-AMR service is enabled.

In Iu UP Mode version 1 mode, ZTE's RNC uses the following parameters to indicate
whether the rates are supported on the RNC: ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode0UseTag (6.6
kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode1UseTag (8.85 kbps),
ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode2UseTag (12.65 kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode3UseTag
(14.25 kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode4UseTag (15.85 kbps),
ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode5UseTag (18.25 kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrWbMode6UseTag
(19.85 kbps), ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode7UseTag (23.05 kbps), and
ULogicalRnc.amrNbMode8UseTag (23.85 kbps). The RNC determines the available
rates for the voice service in accordance with the intersection of the configured rate set
and the MBR and GBR of AMR-WB in the assignment message of the CN.

If the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 2,


the RNC supports all the WB-AMR rates assigned by the CN.

If the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 3


and ULogicalRnc.IntraRatV1V2AmrCut is set to cut, the processing on the RNC side is
the same as that when UP Mode Versions is set to 1. If the value of UP Mode Versions
in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message is 3 and

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ULogicalRnc.IntraRatV1V2AmrCut is set to not cut, the processing on the RNC side is


the same as that when UP Mode Versions is set to 2.

WB-AMR supports the voice bandwidth 50 Hz-7 kHz (NB-AMR supports the voice
bandwidth 200 Hz-3.4 kHz). Therefore, WB-AMR provides higher voice quality than
NB-AMR. Among the nine rates supported by WB-AMR, 12.65 kbps is the lowest rate
that can achieve high-quality sound effect. The MOS values of 6.6 kbps, 8.85 kbps, and
12.65 kbps are apparently increased when the rates are improved. The MOS values of
12.65 kbps, 14.25 kbps, 15.85 kbps, 18.25 kbps, and 19.85 kbps are not apparently
increased when the rates are improved. Therefore, the rates of 12.65 kbps, 8.85 kbps,
and 6.6 kbps are recommended by the 3GPP.

3.1.1.2 GBR Reservation Policy

ZTE's RNC can be used to determine whether the GBR should be contained in the
WB-AMR rate set.

When the value of UP Mode Versions in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message
is 1 or the value of UP Mode Versions is 3 and ULogicalRnc.IntraRatV1V2AmrCut is set
to cut, the WB-AMR rates configured by the RNC may be different from the WB-AMR
rate set assigned by the CN in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message. To avoid
the problem that the RNC does not support the GBR in the RAB ASSIGNMENT
REQUEST message, you can set ULogicalRnc.amrGbrResInd to determine that the
GBR in the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message must be contained in the
supported rate set.

If ULogicalRnc.amrGbrResInd is set to 1: True, the actual WB-AMR rate set contains the
intersection of the above two AMR rate sets and the GBR in the RAB ASSIGNMENT
REQUEST message.

If ULogicalRnc.amrGbrResInd is set to 0: False, the actual WB-AMR rate set is the


intersection of the above two AMR rate sets. The GBR used on the RNC is the lowest
rate among the rates (in the WB-AMR rate set) larger than or equal to the GBR in the
RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message.

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3.1.2 Combination of WB-AMR and PS Services

ZTE's RNC supports the WB-AMR service and the combination of the WB-AMR and PS
services.

3.1.3 WB-AMR Mobility

ZTE's RNC supports the soft handover, hard handover, and relocation of the WB-AMR
service, and the handover between the 2G and 3G systems.

3.1.4 Directed Retry of the WB-AMR Service During RAB Assignment

The RNC supports the directed retry of the WB-AMR service during RAB assignment. If
the load of the cell where the UE resides is too heavy during RAB assignment, the UE is
directed to a 2G system. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Directed Retry to GSM
Feature Guide.

3.1.5 AMR Rate Control After Relocation

Due to UE compatibility problems, some UEs become mute if the WB-AMR service rate
is changed after inter-RNC soft handover or hard handover relocation. Therefore,
URncInfo.intraRlocAmrRtCtrl is used to control whether the WB-AMR service rate can be
changed after the relocation.

If URncInfo.intraRlocAmrRtCtrl is set to 0: AMR Rate Changing is Allowed after


Relocation or the WB-AMR service rate before relocation is not contained in the
Relocation Request message, or the Iu UP version is V2, the WB-AMR service rate can
be changed after inter-RNC relocation. The methods that determine the WB-AMR
service rate set and the actual WB-AMR service rate after relocation are described in
other sections of this manual.

If URncInfo.intraRlocAmrRtCtrl is set to 1: AMR Rate Changing is Not Allowed after


Relocation, the WB-AMR service rate before relocation is contained in the Relocation
Request message, and the Iu UP version is V1, the WB-AMR service rate cannot be
changed after inter-RNC relocation. The WB-AMR service rate set only contains the
WB-AMR service rates smaller than or equal to the actual WB-AMR service rate before

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relocation, and the actual WB-AMR service rates before and after relocation are the
same.

3.1.6 RAB Modification of WB-AMR

The RNC supports RAB modification for the WB-AMR service that the CN initiates by
sending the RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message. The CN initiates RAB
modification for the WB-AMR service when the TFO or TrFO conditions are satisfied after
handover, call forwarding, and intelligent services.

3.1.7 Signaling Flow on the Control Plane of the WB-AMR Service

The following figure shows the establishment flow of the WB-AMR service in
synchronous mode.

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Figure 3-1 Signaling Flow of the AMR Service

UE Node B Serving CN
Serving RNS RNC

1. RAB Assignment
Request
RANAP RANAP
[Establishment]

Select L1, L2 and Iu Data


Transport Bearer parameters

2. ALCAP Iu Data
Transport Bearer Setup
Not required towards PS
domain

3. Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare


NBAP NBAP
[DCH Addition]

4. Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready


NBAP NBAP

5. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup

6. Downlink Synchronisation
DCH-FP DCH-FP

7. Uplink Synchronisation
DCH-FP DCH-FP

NBAP 8. Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit


NBAP
9. DCCH : Radio Bearer Setup
RRC RRC

Apply new transport format set

10. DCCH : Radio Bearer Setup Complete


RRC RRC

11. RAB Assignment


Response
RANAP RANAP

1 The CN initiates the establishment of a radio access bearer by sending the RANAP
message Radio Access Bearer Assignment Request. The important parameters
for the CS service are as follows:

 (Optional) NAS Synchronization Indicator indicates the speech codec type


selected by the CN. The RNC passes this cell to the UE. The codec types related to
UMTS AMR are displayed in the following table. For details, refer to 3GPP 26.103.
If the UE does not receive this cell during the establishment of a voice call or the
inter-system handover of a voice call to the UTRAN, the UMTS_AMR_2 speech
codec is used by default. UMTS_AMR_2 is compatible with GSM FR AMR.
Bit 8…Bit 1 Codec_Type Name
CoID (Codec ID)

0000.0101 UMTS Adaptive Multi-Rate UMTS AMR

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0000.0110 UMTS Adaptive Multi-Rate UMTS AMR 2


2

0000.1010 UMTS Adaptive Multi-Rate UMTS WB-AMR


Wide Band

 RAB parameters (including QoS) include the following parameters:

 Traffic Class, value: conversational

 MBR (Maximum Bit Rate), unit: bit/s

 GBR (Guaranteed Bit Rate), unit: bit/s

 Delivery Order, value: provide in-sequence SDU delivery (for the AMR
service)

 SDU parameters, describing the three RAB sub-flows of the AMR service

 Source Statistics Descriptor, value: speech (for the AMR service)

 Allocation/Retention Priority

 User plane Information parameters:

 User Plane Mode, value: support mode for predefined SDU sizes (for the
AMR service).

 UP Mode Versions indicates the user plane version supported by the CN,
containing 16 bits. Each bit indicates a user plane version, and a maximum of
16 user plane versions can be displayed. The highest bit indicates version 16
and the lowest bit indicates version 1. For support mode for predefined SDU
sizes, version 1 and version 2 are defined in the current version (release 99).

 Transport layer information parameters include Transport Address and Iu


Transport Association.

2 The SRNC initiates the establishment of the Iu data transport bearer by sending the
ALCAP message. This message contains the AAL2 binding identity, which is used
to bind the Iu data transport bearer to the radio access bearer.

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3 The SRNC requests its NodeB to prepare the establishment of DCH to support the
radio access bearer (Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare). The parameters include
Transport Format Set, Transport Format Combination Set, and power control
information parameters.

4 The NodeB allocates resources and notifies the SRNC that the radio link
reconfiguration is ready (Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready). The parameters
include the transport layer addressing information (AAL2 address and AAL2 Binding
ID) for the Iub data transport bearer.

5 The SRNC initiates the establishment of the Iub data transport bearer by sending
the ALCAP message. This message contains the AAL2 binding identity, which is
used to bind the Iub data transport bearer to DCH.

6 The NodeB and the SRNC use the Iub or Iur data transport bearer to exchange the
DCH frame protocol message Downlink Synchronization to synchronize the Iub or
Iur interface.

7 The NodeB and the SRNC use the Iub or Iur data transport bearer to exchange the
DCH frame protocol message Uplink Synchronization to synchronize the Iub or Iur
interface.

8 The NBAP message Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit is sent from the SRNC
to the NodeB.

9 The RRC message Radio Bearer Setup is sent from the SRNC to the UE. The
parameters include Transport Format Set and Transport Format Combination
Set.

10 The UE sends the RRC message Radio Access Bearer Setup Complete to the
SRNC.

11 The SRNC sends the RANAP message Radio Access Bearer Assignment
Response to the CN.

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3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

3.2.1 Classification of AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment

The RNC supports dynamic rate adjustment for the AMR service triggered by link-level
transmit power, resource congestion, and load control during calls. If the rate adjustment
threshold is reached, the uplink rate is controlled by the RNC through the TFC control
command, and the downlink rate is controlled by the RNC through the Iu UP reverse rate
control frame.

The WB-AMR dynamic rate adjustment is controlled by the ULogicalRnc.amrRncAdjust


parameter.

There are three types of AMR dynamic rate adjustment depending on the trigger
mechanisms:

 WB-AMR dynamic rate adjustment based on link-level transmit power

Due to inner-loop power control, the uplink/downlink link-level transmit power vary with
the change of the radio conditions of the transmitting antennas of the UE and the NodeB.
When the radio conditions degrade, the RNC should reduce the WB-AMR rate to reduce
transmit power to avoid heavy uplink/downlink load of the cell. When the transmit power
of the WB-AMR link is low and the system load is light, the RNC can increase the
WB-AMR rate to maximize the utilization of system resources to provide users with better
voice quality.

 WB-AMR rate adjustment triggered when uplink/downlink resources are congested


or the cell is overloaded

Reduce the rate of the uplink/downlink AMR service to reduce uplink/downlink resource
congestion.

 Initial WB-AMR rate adjustment triggered when the cell is overloaded or the UE is a
poorly covered area

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When the cell is overloaded or the UE is in a poorly covered area, the initial and the
highest AMR service rates should be reduced to lighten cell load and improve link
performance. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Adaptive Radio Bearer Feature Guide.

For these three trigger mechanisms, ZTE's RNC can only adjust the rate of the WB-AMR
service in the range of WB-AMR rates.

3.2.2 AMR Dynamic Rate Adjustment Based on Radio Link Transmit


Power

3.2.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on UE Transmit Power

3.2.2.1.1 Measurement Quantity

The AMR rate adjustment in uplink is base on the UE internal measurement reports of
UE TxP (Transmit Power). There are two kinds of event, Event 6a and Event 6b.
UAmrEvtTPUeInt.meaEvtId defines the UE internal event identity.

 Event 6a: when the UE TxP measurement value is greater than a certain absolute
threshold and this condition lasts for the duration TriggerTime6A, the Event 6a is
reported by the UE. TriggerTime6A is defined by the parameter
UAmrEvtTPUeInt.trigTime [0].

 Event 6b: when the UE TxP measurement value is smaller than a certain absolute
threshold and this condition lasts for the duration TriggerTime6B, the Event 6b is
reported by the UE. TriggerTime6B is defined by the parameter
UAmrEvtTPUeInt.trigTime [1].

The parameters for 6a and 6b can be configured at cell level. The number of internal
measurement events is configured by UAmrEvtTPUeInt.measEvtNum. It can be set to
“2”, for Event 6a and 6b. To facilitate the description, it is assumed that 0 represents 6a
and 1 represents 6b.

The UE Txp threshold of Event 6a/6b (UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres) is a delta value


relative to maximum UE TX power which is determined by the formula “min (UE
maximum Transmit Power determined by UE power class, USrvDivPc.maxUlDpchPwr)”.

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USrvDivPc.maxUlDpchPwr is the maximum Transmit Power determined by the


sub-service type of WB-AMR service. And the UE maximum Transmit Power determined
by the UE power class is listed as follows.
Power Class 3 4

maximum output power of


+24 +21
the UE (dBm)

The absolute UE TxP thresholds of Event 6a and 6b are as follows.

AMR_6a = maximum UE TX power + UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres[0]

AMR_6b = maximum UE TX power + UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres[1]

The correspondence between other parameters that need to be filled in UE internal


measurement control message and OMCR configuration is described as follows. Firstly
“Used UUeIntMeasProfile” (UUtranCellFDD.refUUeIntMeasProfile) of the cell is obtained
from the management object “UTRAN Cell Object”(UUtranCellFDD). Secondly. from the
value of UUtranCellFDD.refUUeIntMeasProfile, the corresponding profile
ID(UueIntMeasProfile.profileId) of the UUtranCellFDD’s child management object “UE
Internal Measurement Profile Object” (UueIntMeasProfile), which is used by the cell, is
obtained. And thirdly, from the child management object UueIntMeasProfile, which is
identified by the UueIntMeasProfile.profileId, the corresponding UE Internal
Measurement parameter based on the measurement target is obtained.
UE Internal Measurement Configuration Index UAmrEvtTPUeInt.ueIntMCfgNo

Measurement report transmission mode UAmrEvtTPUeInt.measRptTrMod

Filter coefficient UAmrEvtTPUeInt.filterCoeff

Maximum Event Number of UE Internal


UAmrEvtTPUeInt.measEvtNum
Measurement

UE Internal Measurement Event Identity UAmrEvtTPUeInt.meaEvtId

Time to Trigger UAmrEvtTPUeInt.trigTime

UE Transmit Power Threshold UAmrEvtTPUeInt.txPowerThres

3.2.2.1.2 Rate Control Principles

If ULogicalRnc.amrRncAdjust is On and the number of uplink WB-AMR rates is larger


than 1, UE TxP measurement is enabled. Otherwise, UE TxP measurement is disabled.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

The operating principles are as follows:

 If the uplink transmit power reported by the UE exceeds the threshold (AMR_6a)
and the current uplink WB-AMR rate is not the lowest rate, the WB-AMR rate level
must be reduced by one. After the uplink WB-AMR rate level is reduced, a new
measurement control command is sent to the UE.

 If the uplink transmit power reported by the UE is lower than the threshold
(AMR_6b), the current uplink WB-AMR rate is not the highest rate, and the system
is neither overloaded nor congested with uplink load, the WB-AMR rate level must
be increased by one. After the uplink WB-AMR rate level is increased, a new
measurement control command is sent to the UE.

For TrFO connection mode, the following operations must be also performed:

If the target WB-AMR rate is smaller than or equal to the highest uplink rate of the Iu
interface, the rate can be increased. Otherwise, the uplink rate cannot be increased.

When the RNC receives the rate control command from the CN, the highest rate is the
uplink target rate required by the CN. The RNC determines whether the target rate can
be adjusted by the current RNC according to cell uplink load and the UE transmit power
measurement report. If the target rate can be adjusted by the RNC, the RNC returns the
rate control response command containing the rate to the peer end. At the same time,
the RNC sends the TFC control command to the UE, requiring that the UE uplink rate
should be adjusted to the target rate. If the target rate cannot be adjusted by the RNC,
the RNC sends a Rate Control NACK message to the CN.

3.2.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of Node


B Transmit Power

3.2.2.2.1 Measurement Quantity

The downlink WB-AMR rate adjustment is based on the D-TCP (Dedicated Transmitted
Code Power) measurement report from Node B. It indicates that the downlink Transmit
Power for the UE (the TCP on the given carrier, given scramble, and given
channelization code) is measured by the Node B. The Node B dedicated TCP

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measurement for the WB-AMR rate control is reported periodically and the period is
configured by UNbDedMeas.RptPrd. Whether the criterion for Event A or Event B is met
is determined by the RNC. Event A and Event B are defined as follows:

 Event A: when the Node B D-TCP measurement value is greater than a specific
absolute threshold AMR_A for the duration TriggertimeA, the Event A is triggered.
When the criterion of Event A is met, the downlink Transmit Power for a certain UE
is considered to be in a high power status, and the downlink rate could be
decreased.

 Event B: when the Node B D-TCP measurement value is smaller than a specific
absolute threshold AMR_B for the duration TriggertimeB , the Event B is triggered.
When the criterion of Event B is satisfied, the downlink Transmit Power for a certain
UE is considered to be in a low power status, and the downlink rate could be
increased.

The definition of AMR_A and AMR_B are as followed.

AMR_A = USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr + evtAbTcpThrd_A

AMR_B = USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr + evtAbTcpThrd_B

Where

- USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr is the maximum downlink DPCH Transmit Power for


WB-AMR service. The detailed description refers to ZTE UMTS Power Control
Feature Guide.

- evtAbTcpThrd_A is defined by the parameter UNbDedMeas.evtAbTcpThrd[0]


indexed by UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote=7

- evtAbTcpThrd_B is defined by the parameter UNbDedMeas.evtAbTcpThrd[0]


indexed by UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote=8

The correspondence between other parameters that need to be filled in dedicated


measurement initiation request message and OMC configuration is described as follows.
Firstly the Profile Id for the NodeB dedicated measurement
(UNbDedMeasProfile.profileId) of the cell is obtained from the management object

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“UNbDedMeasProfile”. Secondly, from the value of UNbDedMeasProfile.profileId, the


corresponding child management object “NodeB Dedicated Measurement
Configuration”(UnbDedMeas) is found. Thirdly, The corresponding
UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote could be obtained according to the measurement purpose.
And finally the parameters for the measurment are obtained according to the value of
UNbDedMeas.nbDMCfgNote.

Dedicated Measurement Type UNbDedMeas.dedMeasType

Measurement Filter Coefficient UNbDedMeas.measFilterCoeff

Report Characteristics UNbDedMeas.rptType

Measurement Threshold of Event A/B for


Transmitted Code Power UNbDedMeas.evtAbTcpThrd

Measurement Change Time/Measurement


Hysteresis Time UNbDedMeas.evtAbcdefTime

Choice Report Periodicity Scale UNbDedMeas.rptPrdUnit

Report Period UNbDedMeas.rptPrd

DPCH Maximum DL Power USrvDivPc.maxDlDpchPwr

Event A Counter Threshold for PS on DL


DCH or DL AMR Decreasing Rate Based on
D-TCP UDrbc.dtcpEaThd

Event B Counter Threshold for Restriction PS


Increasing Rate on DL DCH or Triggering DL
AMR Increasing Rate Based on D-TCP UDrbc.dtcpEbThd

3.2.2.2.2 Rate Control Principles

If ULogicalRnc.amrRncAdjust is On and the number of downlink WB-AMR rates is larger


than 1, DTCP measurement is enabled. Otherwise, NodeB-dedicated TCP measurement
is disabled.

The basic principles are as follows:

 When the special downlink transmit power reported by the NodeB exceeds the
threshold (AMR_A) UDrbc.dtcpEaThd times consecutively and the current downlink
WB-AMR rate is not the lowest rate, the downlink WB-AMR rate level must be
reduced by one.

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 When the special downlink transmit power reported by the NodeB is lower than the
threshold (AMR_B) UDrbc.dtcpEbThd times consecutively, the current downlink
WB-AMR rate is not the highest rate, and the system is neither overloaded nor
congested with downlink load, the downlink WB-AMR rate level must be increased
by one.

For TrFO connection mode, the downlink rate depends on the downlink rate of the Iu
interface. In a mobile-to-mobile call, the downlink rate depends on the uplink rate of the
peer end. Therefore, the downlink WB-AMR rate adjustment algorithm is changed as
follows in comparison with the non-TrFO connection mode:

 When the local end needs to adjust the downlink WB-AMR rate, the RNC sends the
adjusted target rate through the rate control command to the CN, and the CN sends
this rate through the rate control command to the peer RNC. The returned rate
control response command contains the highest uplink rate supported by the peer
end. The peer UE sends data at the smaller rate between the highest uplink rate
supported by the peer end and the target rate required by the local end. In this way,
the downlink rate of the local end is adjusted.

 When the uplink rate of the peer end is reduced, the downlink rate of the local end is
reduced accordingly.

 When the uplink rate of the peer end is increased, the downlink rate of the local end
is increased accordingly, resulting in the change of the downlink load of the cell and
the downlink D-TCP of the link. The RNC should determine whether to reduce the
increasing downlink rate according to the downlink load of the cell and the downlink
D-TCP measurement report. If the downlink rate must be reduced, the RNC sends
the rate control command to the CN, containing the highest rate supported by the
local end. In this way, the downlink rate of the Iu interface is controlled.

3.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load

In case of uplink or downlink overload in a cell, the RNC must reduce the rates of AMR
services in accordance with their priorities.

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When the cell is not overloaded and the WB-AMR services whose rates are reduced
meet the conditions described in section 3.3.2, the RNC increases their rates level by
level.

When the switch of forbidding AMR downgrade is turned on (URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit


is 1: forbidden), the AMR downgrade triggered by load control is not performed. If
URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit is 0, the original load control downgrade policy is recovered.
For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Overload Control Feature Guide.

3.2.4 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Resource Congestion

In case of uplink or downlink resource congestion, the RNC must reduce the rates of
AMR services in accordance with their priorities.

When uplink or downlink resources are not congested and the WB-AMR services whose
rates are reduced meet the conditions described in section 3.3.2, the RNC increases
their rates level by level.

When the switch of forbidding AMR downgrade is turned on (URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit


is 1: forbidden), the AMR downgrade triggered by congestion control is not performed. If
URncInfo.loadForAmrSwit is 0, the original congestion control downgrade policy is
recovered. For details, refer to the ZTE UMTS Congestion Control Feature Guide.

3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

In the R99 phase, 64 kbit/s PCM coding is used based on the TDM bearer in the CN CS
domain. Therefore, the R99 MSC must have the voice TC function. However, voice
quality may be reduced after encoding or decoding. The calls between mobile users
need dual voice encoding and decoding. If no codec is used, voice quality can be
improved and network bandwidth can be saved.

In the R4 phase, a TrFO connection can reduce the number of times that voice encoding
and decoding are performed. The TrFO connection can be established throughout the
end-to-end process or between the nodes of a call connection. For example, for a call
between a UMTS UE and a fixed telephone, the TrFO connection only exists between
the UMTS UE and the core network. The core network and the RNC in the TrFO

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connection must support Iu UP V2. Otherwise, no TrFO connection can be established.


ZTE supports both Iu UP V1 and Iu UP V2, and the RNC is selected according to CN
RAB assignment parameters.

The TrFO is implemented through Out of Band Transcoder Control (OoBTC). It is


applicable to the calls between mobile networks and those between a mobile network
and an external network. When the same voice encoding or decoding type is used
between both call parties or between one call party and a node in the call connection, the
TrFO can transparently transmit the compressed voice, and this improves voice quality
and saves transmission bandwidth.

The nodes connected with a TrFO connection use the same common compressed voice
encoding type negotiated in the OoBTC phase. A codec must be inserted between a
TrFO connection and a non-TrFO connection to convert encoding types. The
implementation strategy of the core network ensures that the insertion position can meet
the following requirements:

 The insertion position should reduce the number of times that TC (transcoder) is
used and improve voice quality;

 The insertion position should save transmission bandwidth. This indicates that it
should prolong the connection that uses compressed voice encoding data for
transmission.

During Iu UP initialization, if the CN supports both Iu UP version 1 and version 2, ZTE's


RNC uses URncFunction.intraRatV1V2AmrCut to determine whether to cut WB-AMR
rates according to the RNC capability between the CN and the RNC in the RAB
assignment procedure and inter-RNC relocation procedure, and ZTE's RNC uses
URncFunction.interRatV1V2AmrCut to determine whether to cut WB-AMR rates
according to the RNC capability between the CN and the RNC in the inter-RAT relocation
procedure.

For a UTRAN, its Iu UP initialization, reverse initialization, Iu UP rate control, and Iu UP


reverse rate control are related to the TrFO process.

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3.3.1 OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control

When a call is initiated, both call parties negotiate the codec to establish a TrFO
operation. The O-MSC sends an IAM message containing the supported codec type list
to a transmission network. The transmission network deletes the codec types that are not
supported from the list and sends it to a T-MSC. The T-MSC also deletes the codec
types that are not supported from the list and then selects an optimal common codec
type. The T-MSC returns the codec type to the transmission network and the O-MSC,
and notifies them of the selected codec type. In the meantime, the T-MSC returns the
codec type that the Terminating UE supports to the O-MSC and begins to establish a
bearer based on this codec. This flow is shown in the following figure.

Figure 3-2 Flow of OoBTC Out of Band Transcoder Control

O-MSC Transit T-MSC

O-MGW Transit T-MGW


MGW
Codec List (v, w, x, y, z)

Codec List (v, w, x, z)

Selected Codec = v

Selected Codec = v, Available List (v, x, z, )

Selected Codec = v
Selected Codec = v, Available
List (v, x, z, )

Selected Codec = v

Bearer Established Bearer Established

The encoding type that the UE supports is transparently transmitted to the RNC as
follows: Uplink Direct Transfer -> NAS Message -> Bearer Capacity, and then the RNC
transparently transmits the encoding type to the MSC server as follows: Direct Transfer ->
NAS Indicator -> Bearer Capacity. During RAB assignment, the encoding/decoding type
lists of the calling and called parties are completely the same.

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3.3.2 Iu UP Initialization

The purpose of Iu UP initialization is to define the mapping relationship (used in the data
transmission phase) between the RNC and the CN on both sides of Iu UP, including RAB
sub-flow combination, RFCIs, and SDU size of the related RAB sub-flow.

If a bearer is successfully established, the CN delivers an RAB assignment request


message to the RNC. The RNC in the R4 version must support all the SDU sub-flow
combinations in the RAB assignment request message. This indicates that the content in
the initialization frame is a universal set of sub-flow combinations determined by RAB
assignment. Therefore, the initialization frame is only used to negotiate Iu UP version
information and RFCI correspondence (each RFCI corresponds to a sub-flow
combination).

In the R99 version, this initialization process can only be performed when the RNC
receives an RAB assignment, modification, or RNC relocation request. In the R4 version,
the CN can also perform this initialization process, which is called Iu UP reverse
initialization. The following figure shows Iu UP initialization.

Figure 3-3 Iu UP Initialization

RNC/ CN/
CN RNC
INITIALISATION
2)
* ((RFCI, SDU sizes[, IPTIs ])m)

INITIALISATION ACK

Transfer Of User Data

* can be repeated N INIT times


2)
optional

In the RFCI set determined during Iu UP initialization, the rate that corresponds to the
first RAB sub-flow combination is the highest rate in the initialization response direction
permitted by the local end when data transmission begins. The highest rate must be
higher than the guaranteed rate and SID rate. The highest rate can be modified during Iu
UP rate control after Iu UP initialization. The rates higher than the guaranteed rate are
called controllable rates, and the rates lower than the guaranteed rate cannot be
modified.

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3.3.3 Iu UP Rate Control

The purpose of Iu UP rate control is to notify the peer Iu UP protocol layer of the highest
rate at the Iu interface in the reverse direction of the rate control frame. In the R4 version,
Iu UP rate control can be initiated by the RNC or the CN. In the R99 version, Iu UP rate
control can only be initiated by the RNC.

As long as an Iu UP entity is not suspended by other control flows, it can initiate rate
control. The controlled rates are all included in the RFC set determined during Iu UP
initialization. These rates that correspond to the RFC should be higher than the
guaranteed rate. Rate control cannot be implemented when the SID rate and the RFC
are lower than the guaranteed rate because they cannot be prohibited.

Figure 3-4 Flow of Iu UP Rate Control

RNC/ CN/
CN RNC
RATE CONTROL
(RFCI indicators)

RATE CONTROL ACK


(RFCI indicators)

Note: The rate control frame describes the limits of an RFC set, hereinafter called the
"RFC limit set".

In downlink direction, the RNC triggers the rate control frame, records the "RFC limit set"
(downlink direction), and monitors the operations of the CN. If the CN sends the data
frame of the limited RFCI, the rate control frame must be resent. In uplink direction, the Iu
UP module of the RNC receives the rate control frame and implements the limit through
TFC control.

The rate control initiated by the CN is as follows: After receiving a rate control message
from the RNC, the CN initiates rate control to the other party of the call to limit or open the
other party's uplink AMR level, or the CN initiates a rate adjustment flow according to the
TrFO. For example, during SRNS relocation, the CN performs reverse initialization first
after a new RNC sends relocation detection to the CN, and then the new RNC initiates a

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process called immediate initialization. This aims at negotiating the highest rate for data
transmission between two Iu UP entities supporting TrFO.

The rate control initiated by the RNC is as follows: During the dynamic AMR process, the
RNC adjusts the downlink AMR level according the downlink load of a cell or the
dedicated TCP measurement of an RL and initiates rate control.

Compared with the encoding and decoding type negotiation before initialization, Iu UP
rate control is in-band rate control.

4 Parameters

4.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

Table 4-1 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

0:Not
WB-AMR This parameter
upporte 0: Not
ULogicalRnc.w Speech indicates if RNC 1:Supp
d N/A Support
AmrSupInd Support supports WB-AMR orted
1:Supp ed
Indicator Speech
orted

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a 6.60 kbps in Iu UP 0:Not
AMR_WB
mrWbMode0U version 1. It is used in Used N/A Used 1: Used
6.60k Use Tag
seTag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

ULogicalRnc.a parameter 0: Not


This
AMR_WB
mrWbMode1U indicates whether the Used N/A Used 1: Used
8.85k Use Tag
seTag RNC supports AMR-WB 1: Used

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
8.85 kbps in Iu UP
version 1. It is used in
the user plane
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 12.65 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
mrWbMode2U 12.65k Use version 1. It is used in Used N/A Used 1: Used
seTag Tag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 14.25 kbps in Iu UP 0:Not
Not 0:Not
mrWbMode3U 14.25k Use version 1. It is used in Used N/A
Used Used
seTag Tag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 15.85 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
Not 0:Not
mrWbMode4U 15.85k Use version 1. It is used in Used N/A
Used Used
seTag Tag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 0: Not
indicates whether the Not 0:Not
mrWbMode5U 18.25k Use Used N/A
RNC supports AMR-WB Used Used
seTag Tag 1: Used
18.25 kbps in Iu UP

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
version 1. It is used in
the user plane
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 19.85 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
Not 0:Not
mrWbMode6U 19.85k Use version 1. It is used in Used N/A
Used Used
seTag Tag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 23.05 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
Not 0:Not
mrWbMode7U 23.05k Use version 1. It is used in Used N/A
Used Used
seTag Tag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

This parameter
indicates whether the
RNC supports AMR-WB
ULogicalRnc.a AMR_WB 23.85 kbps in Iu UP 0: Not
Not 0:Not
mrWbMode8U 23.85k Use version 1. It is used in Used N/A
Used Used
seTag Tag the user plane 1: Used
initialization process of
RAB establishment or
SRNS relocation.

GBR of AMR This parameter


Service indicates whether the
URncFunction. 0: False
Whether to be GBR rate assigned by N/A 1 1
amrGbrResInd 1: True
Reserved the CN is forcibly
Indicator reserved in Iu UP V1

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
mode, when the GBR
rate assigned by the CN
does not match the
AMR rate configured by
RNC.

0: AMR
Rate
The parameter is used Changi
to indicates whether ng is
narrowband or Allowed
0: AMR 0: AMR
wideband AMR service after
Rate Rate
rate is allowed to be Relocati
AMR Rate Changi Changi
changed after the on
URncInfo.intra Control Switch ng is ng is
relocation or not. "0" 1: AMR N/A
RlocAmrRtCtrl after Allowed Allowed
indicates rate changing Rate
Relocation after after
after relocation is not Changi
Relocat Relocat
allowed. while "1" ng is
ion ion
indicates rate changing Not
after relocation is Allowed
allowed. after
Relocati
on

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction.in Inter-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
terRatV1V2Amr V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A 1: cut 1: cut
Cut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the inter-RAT cut
case

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction.in Intra-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
2: not 2: not
traRatV1V2Amr V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A
cut cut
Cut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the intra-RAT cut
case

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4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

4.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on the UE Transmit Power

Table 4-2 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

AMR Rate This parameter


ULogicalRnc.a Adjustment indicates whether AMR 0: Off
N/A 0:Off 1:On
mrRncAdjust Switch for rate adjustment is 1: On
RNC supported in the RNC.

Used UE
UUtranCellFD This parameter is the 0..6553
Internal
D.refUUeIntMe DN (Distinguish Name) 5, step N/A N/A N/A
Measurement
asProfile of UUeIntMeasProfile. 1
Profile

UUeIntMeasPr ID of UE internal 0..9,


Profile Id NA NA N/A
ofile.profileId measurement Profile step 1

This parameter is used


for indexing the
UE Internal
UAmrEvtTPUe configuration of the 0..6553
Measurement
Int.ueIntMCfgN parameters of UE 5, step long N/A N/A
Configuration
o Transmit Power event 1
Index
report for AMR
dyanamical rate control.

This parameter
0:
indicates the RLC mode
Acknow
of the UE internal
ledged
measurement report. If
Mode 0:Ackn 0:Ackn
the value is AM RLC,
UAmrEvtTPUe Measurement RLC owledg owledg
RNC can request UE for
Int.measRptTr Report 1: N/A ed ed
retransmission after
Mod Transfer Mode Unackn Mode Mode
receiving the error SDU
owledg RLC RLC
label (not continuous). If
ed
the value is UM RLC,
Mode
the retransmission is
RLC
not required. Usually,

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Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
report the results of the
important
measurements in AM
mode and those less
important in UM mode
(to reduce the traffic
volume of the
measurement report
and increase the
system capacity).

This parameter
(0, 1,
indicates the filtering
2, 3, 4,
factor that UE performs
UAmrEvtTPUe Filter 5, 6, 7,
the L3 filtering on the N/A 3 3
Int.filterCoeff Coefficient 8, 9, 11,
measurement results of
13, 15,
the internal
17, 19)
measurement.

Maximum This parameter


UAmrEvtTPUe
Event Number indicates the maximum 1..7,
Int.measEvtNu N/A 2 2
of UE Internal event number of UE step 1
m
Measurement internal measurement.

This parameter
UE Internal
UAmrEvtTPUe indicates the UE [6a, 6b,
Measurement N/A [6a, 6b] [6a, 6b]
Int.meaEvtId internal measurement 6f, 6g]
Event Identity
event identity.

(0, 10,
20, 40,
60, 80,
This parameter
100,
indicates the period of
120,
time during which the
UAmrEvtTPUe 160, [1280, [1280,
Time to Trigger event condition has to ms
Int.trigTime 200, 1280] 1280]
be satisfied before
240,
sending a measurement
320,
report.
640,
1280,
2560,

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 35


WB-AMR Rate Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
5000)m
s

This parameter
(-50,
UAmrEvtTPUe UE Transmit indicates the UE
0)dB,
Int.txPowerThr Power Transmit Power dB [-1, -2] [-1, -2]
step1
es Threshold threshold in event
dB
6a/6b.

This parameter
indicates the maximum
DPCH uplink transmit
power allowed for a UE.
When uplink inner loop
power control is
performed, the transmit
power newly calculated
by a UE may be larger
than this parameter. In
this case, the UE can
only use this parameter
for transmitting signals.
Maximum This parameter is a
[33,33, [33,33,
Allowed Uplink nine-element array. (-50..33
USrvDivPc.ma 33,33,3 33,33,3
DPCH These elements are )dBm, dBm
xUlDpchPwr 3,33,33 3,33,33
Transmission used in different load step
,33,33] ,33,33]
Power conditions and user 1dBm
priorities. The
corresponding
relationships of the
elements and load
levels and user
priorities are as follows:
Element 1: low load,
gold medal user
Element 2: low load,
silver medal user
Element 3: low load,
bronze medal user
Element 4: medium

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 36


WB-AMR Rate Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
load, gold medal user
Element 5: medium
load, silver medal user
Element 6: medium
load, bronze user
Element 7: high load,
gold medal user
Element 8: high load,
silver medal user
Element 9: high load,
bronze medal user

4.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of


Node B Transmit Power

Table 4-3 Parameter Description

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value

AMR Rate This parameter indicates


ULogicalR
Adjustment whether AMR rate 0: Off
nc.amrRnc N/A 0:Off 1:On
Switch for adjustment is supported 1: On
Adjust
RNC in the RNC.

This parameter indicates


the Profile Id for the
NodeB dedicated
UNbDedM
measurement. Each
easProfile. Profile Id 0..9 NA NA N/A
profile corresponds one
profileId
setting of NodeB
dedicated measurement
parameters.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 37


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value

0: Period
Report
Parameters for
TCP in Power
Balance
1: Period
Report
Parameters for
TCP in AMR or
DASF-PS or
7:
Handover
Event
Control
A
2: Event A
7: Event Report
Report
A Report Param
Parameters for
Paramet eters
TCP in
This parameter indicates ers for for
DASF-PS
the function, purpose TCP in TCP in
UNbDedM Function of 3: Event B
etc. of the dedicated AMR AMR
eas.nbDM Configuration Report N/A
measurement 8: Event 8:
CfgNote Parameters Parameters for
parameters indicated by B Report Event
TCP in
the configuration index. Paramet B
DASF-PS
ers for Report
4: Period
TCP in Param
Report
AMR eters
Parameters for
for
RTT in LCS
TCP in
5: Event E
AMR
Report
Parameters for
SIR Error in
Outer Loop
Power Control
6: Event F
Report
Parameters for
SIR Error in
Outer Loop

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 38


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Power Control
7: Event A
Report
Parameters for
TCP in AMR
8: Event B
Report
Parameters for
TCP in AMR
9: Event A
Report
Parameters for
TCP in
Handover
Control
10: Event B
Report
Parameters for
TCP in
Handover
Control

1: SIR Error 2:
This parameter indicates 2:
UNbDedM Dedicated 2: Transmitted Trans
the type of dedicated Transmit
eas.dedM Measurement Code Power N/A mitted
measurement to be ted Code
easType Type 5: Round Trip Code
executed by Node B Power
Time Power

This parameter indicates


how filtering of the
measurement values
shall be performed
UNbDedM Measurement before measurement (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
eas.meas Filter event evaluation and 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, N/A 2 2
FilterCoeff Coefficient reporting. 13, 15, 17, 19)
The averaging shall be
performed according to
the following formula.
F(n) =(1-a)* F(n-1) +

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 39


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
a*M(n)
The variables in the
formula are defined as
follows:
F(n) is the updated
filtered measurement
result
F(n-1) is the old filtered
measurement result
Mn is the latest received
measurement result from
physical layer
measurements
a = (1/2)^ (k/2) , where k
is the Measurement
Filter Coefficient. If k=1
there’s no filtering)
In order to initialise the
averaging filter, F(0) is
set to M(1) when the first
measurement result from
the physical layer
measurement is
received.

1: On Demand
This parameter indicates
2: Periodic
the report characteristics
3: Event A
UNbDedM Report of measurement results, 2:
4: Event B 2:
eas.rptTyp Characteristic which can be on N/A Period
5: Event C Periodic
e s demand, periodic or by ic
6: Event D
triggering all kinds of:
7: Event E
events.
8: Event F

This parameter indicates


Measurement
UNbDedM the power offset of the
Threshold of (-50..0)dB, [-0.4,-1.6 [-0.4,-
eas.evtAb DPCH maximum DL dB
Event A/B for step 0.1dB ] 1.6]
TcpThrd power, which defines
Transmitted
which threshold that

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 40


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Code Power shall trigger event A, B
for transmitted carrier
power measurement.
In PS DRBC, this
threshold is related to
the service rate as
following:
Rate Level PS Service
Rate (R) Threshold of
Event A/B
Level 1 R<=
DlRateLevel[0]
EvtAbTcpThrd [0]
Level 2
DlRateLevel[0]<R<=
DlRateLevel[1]
EvtAbTcpThrd [1]
Level 3
R>DlRateLevel[1]
EvtAbTcpThrd [2]
Other case, the
threshold and service
rate independent, and
the threshold is
EvtAbTcpThrd [0].

For event A/B/E/F, this


parameter is
measurement hysteresis
Measurement
time and the
Change
UNbDedM measurement hysteresis
Time/Measur
eas.evtAb time providesthe (10..60000)ms, ms 100 100
ement
cdefTime duration during which a step 10ms
Hysteresis
reporting criterion has to
Time
be fulfilled for the
Measurement Reporting
procedure to be

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 41


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
triggered.
For event C/D, this
parameter is change
time. and the change
time is the time the
measurement entity shall
rise on (in ms), in order
to trigger a measurement
report.

This parameter indicates


Choice
UNbDedM the report period unit
Report 1: ms
eas.rptPrd applied by Node B for N/A ms ms
Periodicity 2: min
Unit measurement result
Scale
reporting.

RptPrdUnit =1:
This parameter indicates (10..60000)ms,
UNbDedM the frequency of step 10ms
Report Period ms 1000 1000
eas.rptPrd measurement report RptPrdUnit =2:
transmitted by Node B. (1..60)min step
min

This parameter indicates


the maximum DPCH
downlink transmit power.
When downlink inner
loop power control is
performed, new transmit
power must be smaller
USrvDivPc DPCH [3,3,3,3, [3,3,3,
than or equal to the (-35..15)dB,
.maxDlDpc Maximum DL dB 0,0,3,0,0 3,0,0,
configured DPCH step 0.1dB
hPwr Power ] 3,0,0]
Maximum DL Power. If
the newly calculated
transmit power is larger
than the configured
DPCH Maximum DL
Power, set it to be equal
to the configured DPCH

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 42


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Maximum DL Power.
This parameter is a
nine-element array.
These elements are
used in different load
conditions and user
priorities. The
corresponding
relationships of the
elements and load levels
and user priorities are as
follows:
Element 1: low load, gold
medal user
Element 2: low load,
silver medal user
Element 3: low load,
bronze medal user
Element 4: medium load,
gold medal user
Element 5: medium load,
silver medal user
Element 6: medium load,
bronze user
Element 7: high load,
gold medal user
Element 8: high load,
silver medal user
Element 9: high load,
bronze medal user

Event A This parameter indicates


Counter the reported times of
Threshold for threshold of DTCP
UDrbc.dtc
PS on DL measurement event A. If 1..255 N/A 2 2
pEaThd
DCH or DL the times of the event A
AMR that only uses TCP is
Decreasing larger than this

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 43


WB-AMR Rate Control

Reco
Parameter Default mmen
GUI Name Parameter Description Value Range Unit
Name Value ded
Value
Rate Based threshold, the speed of
on D-TCP downlink PS or AMR will
be reduced.

This parameter indicates


Event B the event B counter
Counter threshold of consecutive
Threshold for DTCP reports. If the
Restriction times of dedicated
PS transmitted code power
Increasing is less than the event B
UDrbc.dtcp
Rate on DL threshold exceed the 1..255 N/A 2 2
EbThd
DCH or threshold indicated by
Triggering DL this parameter, it will
AMR trigger the downlink AMR
Increasing increasing rate or allow
Rate Based PS services to increase
on D-TCP rate on DL DCH based
on traffic volume report.

4.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load and Resource Congestion

Table 4-1 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

This parameter is the


Switch of
switch of forbidding 0: not
Forbidding
AMR deceleration forbidde
AMR 0: not 0: not
URncInfo.conF triggered by congestion n
Deceleration N/A forbidd forbidd
orbAmrSwit control. When the 1:
Triggered by en en
switch is on, AMR forbidde
Congestion
speed is forbidden even n
Control
resource is congested.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 44


WB-AMR Rate Control

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value

This parameter is the


Switch of
switch of forbidding 0: not
Forbidding
AMR deceleration forbidde
AMR 0: not 0: not
URncInfo.load triggered by overload n
Deceleration N/A forbidd forbidd
ForAmrSwit control. When the 1:
Triggered by en en
switch is on, AMR forbidde
Overload
speed is forbidden even n
Control
resource is overload.

4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

Table 4-4 Parameter Description

Recom
Parameter Value Default
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit mende
Name Range Value
d Value
Specifies the Amr cut
URncFunction. Inter-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
interRatV1V2A V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A 1: cut 1: cut
mrCut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the inter-RAT cut
case

Specifies the Amr cut


URncFunction. Intra-RAT decision when IuUP 1: cut
2: not 2: not
intraRatV1V2A V1+V2 Amr version including 2: not N/A
cut cut
mrCut Cut Decision V1+V2 in the intra-RAT cut
case

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 45


WB-AMR Rate Control

5 Related Counters and Alarms

5.1 Related Counters

Table 5-1 Counters

Counter ID Name

C310030474 Number of CS WB AMR 23.85k in the best cell

C310030475 Number of CS WB AMR 23.05k in the best cell

C310030476 Number of CS WB AMR 19.85k in the best cell

C310030477 Number of CS WB AMR 18.25k in the best cell

C310030478 Number of CS WB AMR 15.85k in the best cell

C310030479 Number of CS WB AMR 14.25k in the best cell

C310030480 Number of CS WB AMR 12.65k in the best cell

C310030481 Number of CS WB AMR 8.85k in the best cell

C310030482 Number of CS WB AMR 6.60k in the best cell

C310030646 Number of CS WB AMR 23.85k in the non-best cell

C310030647 Number of CS WB AMR 23.05k in the non-best cell

C310030648 Number of CS WB AMR 19.85k in the non-best cell

C310030649 Number of CS WB AMR 18.25k in the non-best cell

C310030650 Number of CS WB AMR 15.85k in the non-best cell

C310030651 Number of CS WB AMR 14.25k in the non-best cell

C310030652 Number of CS WB AMR 12.65k in the non-best cell

C310030653 Number of CS WB AMR 8.85k in the non-best cell

C310030654 Number of CS WB AMR 6.60k in the non-best cell

C310063419 Number of CS WB AMR 23.85k in the DRNC cell

C310063420 Number of CS WB AMR 23.05k in the DRNC cell

C310063421 Number of CS WB AMR 19.85k in the DRNC cell

C310063422 Number of CS WB AMR 18.25k in the DRNC cell

C310063423 Number of CS WB AMR 15.85k in the DRNC cell

C310063424 Number of CS WB AMR 14.25k in the DRNC cell

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 46


WB-AMR Rate Control

C310063425 Number of CS WB AMR 12.65k in the DRNC cell

C310063426 Number of CS WB AMR 8.85k in the DRNC cell

C310063427 Number of CS WB AMR 6.60k in the DRNC cell

C310040009 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR23.85

C310040010 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR23.05

C310040011 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR19.85

C310040012 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR18.25

C310040013 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR15.85

C310040014 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR14.25

C310040015 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR12.65

C310040016 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR8.85

C310040017 Holding time for the best cell,WB-AMR6.60

C310040083 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR23.85

C310040084 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR23.05

C310040085 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR19.85

C310040086 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR18.25

C310040087 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR15.85

C310040088 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR14.25

C310040089 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR12.65

C310040090 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR8.85

C310040091 Holding time for the non-best cell,WB-AMR6.60

C310073304 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR23.85

C310073305 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR23.05

C310073306 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR19.85

C310073307 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR18.25

C310073308 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR15.85

C310073309 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR14.25

C310073310 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR12.65

C310073311 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR8.85

C310073312 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR6.60

C310073304 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR23.85

C310073305 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR23.05

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 47


WB-AMR Rate Control

C310073306 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR19.85

C310073307 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR18.25

C310073308 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR15.85

C310073309 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR14.25

C310073310 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR12.65

C310073311 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR8.85

C310073312 Holding time for the DRNC cell,WB-AMR6.60

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291935
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 23.85

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291936
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 23.05

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291937
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 19.85

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291938
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 18.25

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291939
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 15.85

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291940
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 14.25

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291941
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 12.65

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291942
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 8.85

Number of abnormal release RAB by


C310291943
Uu-fail,CS,WB-AMR 6.60.

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373804
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 23.85

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373805
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 23.05

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373806
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 19.85

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373807
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 18.25

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373808
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 15.85

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 48


WB-AMR Rate Control

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373809
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 14.25

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373810
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 12.65

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373811
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 8.85

Number ofRAB by RAB releasefor


C310373812
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 6.60.

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373827
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 23.85

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373828
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 23.05

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373829
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 19.85

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373830
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 18.25

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373831
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 15.85

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373832
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 14.25

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373833
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 12.65

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373834
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 8.85

Number ofRAB by successful RAB releasefor


C310373835
CS,conversation:WB-AMR 6.60.

Total number ofRABreleasefor CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231193
23.85

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231194
23.05

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231195
19.85

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231196
18.25

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231197
15.85

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 49


WB-AMR Rate Control

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231198
14.25

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231199
12.65

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231200
8.85

Total number of RABrelease for CS domain,WB-AMR


C310231201
6.60.

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231239
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 23.85

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231240
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 23.05

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231241
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 19.85

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231242
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 18.25

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231243
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 15.85

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231244
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 14.25

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231245
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 12.65

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231246
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 8.85

Number of RNC initiate RAB release by Iu release


C310231247
request for CS domain,WB-AMR 6.60.

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231216
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 23.85

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231217
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 23.05

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231218
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 19.85

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231219
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 18.25

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231220
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 15.85

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 50


WB-AMR Rate Control

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231221
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 14.25

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231222
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 12.65

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231223
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 8.85

Number of RNC initiate release by Rab Release


C310231224
Request for CS domain,WB-AMR 6.60.

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231170
domain,WB-AMR 23.85

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231171
domain,WB-AMR 23.05

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231172
domain,WB-AMR 19.85

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231173
domain,WB-AMR 18.25

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231174
domain,WB-AMR 15.85

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231175
domain,WB-AMR 14.25

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231176
domain,WB-AMR 12.65

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231177
domain,WB-AMR 8.85

Number of RAB abnormal release for CS


C310231178
domain,WB-AMR 6.60.

5.2 Related Alarms

This feature has no related alarms.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 51


WB-AMR Rate Control

6 Engineering Guide

6.1 Application Scenario

6.1.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

With this feature, users can make WB-AMR voice calls in the ZTE UMTS network.
Compared with NB-AMR, WB-AMR provides higher voice quality without using more
resources.

6.1.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

With this feature, ZTE's RNC can adjust the uplink and downlink WB-AMR rates based
on the UE uplink transmit power and NodeB downlink transmit power respectively, or
adjust AMR rates during resource congestion. This feature improves cell capacity and
user experience when radio link quality is reduced.

6.1.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

With this feature, Out of Band Transcoder Control (OoBTC) can be used during WB-AMR
service establishment to implement consistent voice encoding and decoding negotiation
between the UE and the network. In this way, the TC (Transcoder) is not necessary and
coded voice data is transmitted transparently between users. This improves voice quality
and saves transmission bandwidth between core networks.

6.2 Feature Activation Procedure

6.2.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration and set WB-AMR Speech Support Indicator, see the following figure.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 52


WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-1 Parameter Configuration Interface 1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration and set AMR_WB 6.60k Use Tag, AMR_WB 8.85k Use Tag, AMR_WB
12.65k Use Tag, AMR_WB 14.25k Use Tag, AMR_WB 15.85k Use Tag, AMR_WB
18.25.60k Use Tag, AMR_WB 19.85k Use Tag, AMR_WB 23.05k Use Tag, and
AMR_WB 23.85k Use Tag, see the following figure.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 53


WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-2 Parameter Configuration Interface 2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Extended Info of RNC and set AMR Rate Control
Switch after Relocation, see the following figure.

Figure 6-3 Parameter Configuration Interface 3

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration and set Inter-RAT V1+V2 Amr Cut Decision and
Intra-RAT V1+V2 Amr Cut Decision, see the following figure.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary 54


WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-4 Parameter Configuration Interface 4

6.2.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Control

6.2.2.1 Uplink Rate Adjustment Based on UE Transmit Power

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration and set AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC, see the following
figure.

Figure 6-5 Parameter Configuration Interface 5

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WB-AMR Rate Control

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell and set Used UE Internal
Measurement Profile to default, see the following figure.

Figure 6-6 Parameter Configuration Interface 6

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > UE Internal Measurement Profile and set Profile ID to default, see
the following figure.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-7 Parameter Configuration Interface 7

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > UE Internal Measurement Profile > UE Transmitted Power Event
Measurement Configuration for AMR and set Measurement Report Transfer Mode,
Filter Coefficient, Maximum Event Number of UE Internal Measurement, UE
Internal Measurement Event Identity, Time to Trigger, and UE Transmitted Power
Threshold, see the following figure.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-8 Parameter Configuration Interface 8

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Service Function >
Power Control Profile Related to Service > Power Control Related to Service >
Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode and set Maximum Allowed
Uplink DPCH Transmission Power, see the following figure.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-9 Parameter Configuration Interface 9

6.2.2.2 Downlink Rate Adjustment Based on the Dedicated Measurement of NodeB


Transmit Power

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > PLMN Relating Configuration > Logic RNC
Configuration and set AMR Rate Adjustment Switch for RNC, see the following
figure.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-10 Parameter Configuration Interface 10

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Profile and set Profile Id to default,
see the following figure.

Figure 6-11 Parameter Configuration Interface 11

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WB-AMR Rate Control

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Configuration and set Function of
Configuration Parameters, Dedicated Measurement Type, Measurement Filter
Coefficient, Report Characteristics, Measurement Threshold of Event A/B for
Transmitted Code Power, Measurement Change Time/Measurement Hysteresis
Time, Choice Report Periodicity Scale, and Report Period, see the following figure.

Figure 6-12 Parameter Configuration Interface 12

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Service Configuration > Measurement
Configuration > NodeB Dedicated Measurement Configuration and set DPCH
Maximum DL Power to default, see the following figure.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

Figure 6-13 Parameter Configuration Interface 13

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Global Information Configuration > Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Information Profile > Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
Information and set Event A Counter Threshold for PS on DL DCH or DL AMR
Decreasing Rate Based on D-TCP and Event B Counter Threshold for Restriction
PS Increasing Rate on DL DCH or Triggering DL AMR Increasing Rate Based on
D-TCP to default, see the following figure.

Figure 6-14 Parameter Configuration Interface 14

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WB-AMR Rate Control

6.2.2.3 Dynamic Adjustment Triggered by Load and Resource Congestion

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Global Information Configuration > Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Information Profile > Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
Information and set Switch of Forbidding AMR Deceleration Triggered by
Congestion Control and Switch of Forbidding AMR Deceleration Triggered by
Overload Control to default, see the following figure.

Figure 6-15 Parameter Configuration Interface 15

6.2.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration and set S Intra-RAT V1+V2 Amr Cut Decision and
Inter-RAT V1+V2 Amr Cut Decision, see the following figure.

Figure 6-16 Parameter Configuration Interface 16

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WB-AMR Rate Control

6.3 Feature Validation Procedure

6.3.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item WB-AMR Speech Support

1. The WCDMA system is ready.


Prerequisit
2. Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA, and DCH.
es
3. UE1 and UE2 support WB-AMR and camp on Cell1 in idle mode.

1. WB-AMR rates are configured on the CN.


2. UE1 makes a WB-AMR voice call to UE2 in Cell1.
Steps
3. Check the rate of WB-AMR in the signaling message.
4. Release the CS call.

Expected
The service is normal in the whole procedure.
Result

6.3.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

Table 6-2 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item AMR Rate Controlling based on UE TxPower

1. The WCDMA system is ready.


2. Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA, and DCH.
Prerequisit 3. Both the CN and the RNC support multiple rates for AMR. Uplink
es and downlink AMR voice supports the rates of 12.2 kbps, 7.4 kbps,
5.15 kbps, and 4.75 kbps.
4. UE1 and UE2 camp on Cell1 in idle mode.

1. UE1 makes an AMR voice call to UE2 in Cell1.


2. UE1 is deleted from Cell1 to trigger event 6A. The uplink AMR rate
of UE1 is reduced.
Steps
3. UE1is added to Cell1 to trigger event 6B. The uplink AMR rate of
UE1 is increased.
4. Release the voice call.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

Test Item AMR Rate Controlling based on UE TxPower

1. The initial and highest bit rate of the AMR voice service is 12.2
Expected
kbps.
Result
2. The AMR rate adaptation procedure is normal.

6.3.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

Table 6-3 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item TrFO

1. The WCDMA system is ready.


Prerequisit 2. Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA, and DCH.
es 3. UE1 and UE2 camp on Cell1 in idle mode.
4. The RNC and the CN support TrFO.

1. UE1 makes a voice call to UE2.


2. Maintain the call for three minutes. Capture the Uu log of UE1 and
Steps
UE2.
3. Release the voice call.

The same data can be found from the logs of UE1 and UE2. This
Expected
indicates that the data that UE1 has sent is transferred transparently to
Result
UE2 without being re-coded by the CN.

6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure

6.4.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

Table 6-4 RNC Parameter

No Parameter Name Default Value Deactivation Value

WB-AMR Speech
1 0:Off 0:Off
Support Indicator

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WB-AMR Rate Control

6.4.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

Table 6-5 RNC Parameter

No Parameter Name Default Value Deactivation Value

AMR Rate Adjustment


1 0:Off 0:Off
Switch for RNC

6.4.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO


The CN deactivates the feature.

6.5 Impact on the Network

6.5.1 ZWF21-02-020 WB-AMR Speech Support

1) Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

2) Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

With this feature, users can make WB-AMR voice calls in the ZTE UMTS network.
Compared with NB-AMR, WB-AMR provides higher voice quality without using more
resources.

Disadvantages of this feature:

None.

6.5.2 ZWF21-04-005 AMR Rate Controlling

1) Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

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WB-AMR Rate Control

2) Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

With this feature, ZTE's RNC can adjust the uplink and downlink WB-AMR rates based
on the UE uplink transmit power and NodeB downlink transmit power respectively, or
adjust AMR rates during resource congestion. This feature improves cell capacity and
user experience when radio link quality is reduced.

Disadvantages of this feature:

Voice quality is slightly reduced when the WB-AMR rate is reduced.

6.5.3 ZWF21-06-002 TrFO

1) Impact on Equipment Performance

None.

2) Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

With this feature, Out of Band Transcoder Control (OoBTC) can be used during WB-AMR
service establishment to implement consistent voice encoding and decoding negotiation
between the UE and the network. In this way, the TC (Transcoder) is not necessary and
coded voice data is transmitted transparently between users. This improves voice quality
and saves transmission bandwidth between core networks.

Disadvantages of this feature:

None.

7 Abbreviations
Abbreviation Full Name

3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project

UE User Equipment

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WB-AMR Rate Control

NB-AMR Narrow Band Adaptive Multi-Rate

WB-AMR Wide Band Adaptive Multi-Rate

TrFO Transcoder Free Operation

OoBTC Out-of-Band Transcoder Control

TC Transcoder

8 Reference Documents
[1]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.15.10.20)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference

[2]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.15.10.20)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter


Reference

[3]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.15.10.20)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter


Reference

[4]ZXWR RNC(V3.15.10.20)Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter Reference

[5]ZXWR RNC(V3.15.10.20)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter Reference

[6]ZXWR RNC(V3.15.10.20)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference

[7]ZTE UMTS Directed Retry to GSM Feature Guide

[8]ZTE UMTS Power Control Feature Guide

[9]ZTE UTMS Overload Control Feature Guide

[10]ZTE UMTS Congestion Control Feature Guide

[11]ZTE UMTS Adaptive Radio Bearer Feature Guide

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