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Force on Elevator

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II. The elevator accelerates upward from rest

III. The elevator accelerates downward from rest

IV. The elevator is moving at a constant velocity

V. The elevator is moving upward and comes to rest

VI. The elevator is moving downward and comes to rest

Method I

Determine the sign of the acceleration and incorporate it into the force and kinematic equations

Method II

Assume the acceleration is positive in F = ma for all cases and then let its sign be determined

from the kinematic equations based on the information given in the problem

Method I

F (T)

+ Whenever a force is directed along a

linear object such as a cable,

string…it is typically referred to as

m = 800 kg the Tension (force), T.

coordinate

system

The forces acting on the elevator can be represented by:

+ T

vo = 0 m/s

v = 0 m/s

a = 0 m/s2

W

∑F =0

T – mg = 0 Î T = mg

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2) = 7840 N

II. The elevator accelerates upward from rest

+ T

vo = 0 m/s

a motion v = 10 m/s after moving 25 m

∑ F = ma

T – mg = ma (note: ma is positive since a is in the + direction)

Î T = m(g + a)

* Need value of a:

Given Needed

vo v ∆x a Î v 2 = vo 2 + 2a∆x

Solving for a:

v2 (10 ms ) 2

a= =

2∆x 2(25m)

a = 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g + a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 + 2 m/s2) = 9440 N

+ T

vo = 0 m/s

a motion v = 10 m/s after moving 25 m

∑ F = ma

T – mg = – ma (note: ma is negative since a is in the – direction)

Î T = m(g – a)

* Need value of a:

Given Needed

vo v ∆x a Î v 2 = vo 2 − 2a∆x (noting that a < 0)

Solving for a:

−v 2 −(10 ms ) 2

a= = (note: ∆x < 0 since motion is in the – direction)

2∆x 2(−25m)

a = 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g – a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 – 2 m/s2) = 6240 N

+ T

vo = 10 m/s = constant Î a = 0 m/s2

motion

∑F =0

T – mg = 0 Î T = mg

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2) = 7840 N (same as if the elevator was at rest!)

No!

+ T

vo = 10 m/s

a motion v = 0 m/s after moving 25 m

W

∑ F = ma

T – mg = – ma (note: ma is negative since a is in the – direction)

Î T = m(g – a)

* Need value of a:

Use v 2 = vo 2 − 2a∆x (noting that a < 0)

Solving for a:

vo 2 (10 ms ) 2

a= =

2∆x 2(25m)

a = 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g – a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 – 2 m/s2) = 6240 N

+ T

vo = 10 m/s

a motion v = 0 m/s after moving 25 m

∑ F = ma

T – mg = ma (note: ma is positive since a is in the + direction)

Î T = m(g + a)

* Need value of a:

Use v 2 = vo 2 + 2a∆x (noting that a > 0)

Solving for a:

−vo 2 −(10 ms ) 2

a= = (note: ∆x < 0 since motion is in the – direction)

2∆x 2(−25m)

a = 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g + a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 + 2 m/s2) = 9440 N

Method II

F (T)

+

m = 800 kg

For all cases, let the forces representing the system be given by:

+ T

∑ F = ma

T – mg = ma (note: ma is positive since a is in the + direction)

Î T = m(g + a)

* Need value of a:

a = 0 m/s2

Î T = mg

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2) = 7840 N

Given Needed

vo v ∆x a Î v 2 = vo 2 + 2a∆x

Solving for a:

v2 (10 ms ) 2

a= =

2∆x 2(25m)

a = 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g + a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 + 2 m/s2) = 9440 N

III. The elevator accelerates downward from rest

Using v 2 = vo 2 + 2a∆x

v2 (10 ms ) 2

a= = (note: ∆x < 0 since motion is in the – direction)

2∆x 2(−25m)

a = – 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g + a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 – 2 m/s2) = 6240 N

a = 0 m/s2 (regardless of direction)

Î T = mg

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2) = 7840 N

Using v 2 = vo 2 + 2a∆x

−vo 2 −(10 ms ) 2

a= =

2∆x 2(25m)

a = – 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g + a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 – 2 m/s2) = 6240 N

Using v 2 = vo 2 + 2a∆x

−vo 2 −(10 ms ) 2

a= = (note: ∆x < 0 since motion is in the – direction)

2∆x 2(−25m)

a = 2 m/s2

Therefore, T = m(g + a)

= (800 kg)(9.8 m/s2 + 2 m/s2) = 9440 N

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