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Questions and Answers

1.
The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface timber piles shall be?
A.
150 mm

B.
200mm

C.
250mm

D.
100mm

2.
Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within % throughout the range of use.,
Scales shall be inspected and sealed as often as the Engineer may deem necessary to assure their
continued accuracy.
A.
1%

B.
1.5%

C.
0.5%

D.
2%

3.
When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate , batches may rejected unless mixed with __ hours
of such contact.
A.
1.5

B.
2

C.
.5

D.
2.5

4.
When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shall not be less than __ nor more
than __ unless mixer performance test prove adequate mixing of concrete in a short period of time.
A.
30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds

B.
50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds

C.
60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds

D.
90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds

5.
The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in drum by the end of the first__ seconds of
the mixing period.
A.
45

B.
30

C.
15

D.
20

6.
Concrete not place within __minutes from the time the ingredients were charged into the mixing drum
shall be used.
A.
120

B.
150

C.
60

D.
90

7.
The contractor shall submit in writing a job mix formula for the mixture supported by laboratory test
data along with samples of resources of components and viscous temperature relationships to the
engineer for testing and approval at least.
A.
2 weeks

B.
3 weeks

C.
1 week

D.
4 weeks

8.
The concrete sample should be stored in a moist condition temperature within the range of __until the
time of tests
A.
18* c -24*c

B.
15* c -18*c

C.
14* c -24*c

D.
16* c -24*c

9.
the mass of wear of soil aggregates used in cement / lime proportions should not be more than__
Discuss
A.
40

B.
50

C.
60

D.
45

10.
This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high __ property, that is, it absorb the retain water
A.
Potassium chloride

B.
Magnessium chloride

C.
Sodium chloride

D.
Calcium chloride

11.
The uniform rate at which the movable head of the cbr machine travel is__
A.
.06 in/min

B.
.01 in/min

C.
.1in/min

D.
.08 in/min

12.
Cast in place concrete shall not be post tentioned until at least ___ and until the compressive strength
has reached the strength specified
A.
7days

B.
10

C.
15

D.
28

13.
The penetration test is an indication of the __of asphalt
A.
Consistency

B.
Softness

C.
Hardness
D.
Flash point

14.
The __ is the most commonly used method in the design and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes
A.
Job mix formula

B.
Marshall stability

C.
Extraction

D.
Design mix

15.
The sp, gravity of sodium sulfate used in soundness test for aggregate should be in range of
A.
1.051-1.154

B.
1.058/-1.184

C.
1 1.151-1.174

D.
1.25-14.178

16.
Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8300 to 9600 impulses per minute under load at a maximum
spacing of __cm
A.
30

B.
40

C.
50

D.
60

17.
The sp. gravity of magnesium sulfate used in the soundness test
A.
1.28-1.408

B.
1.18-1.308

C.
1.295-1.308

D.
1.195-1.308

18.
Aggregate accounts for 92-95% of the weight of the bituminous mixture asphalt accounts 5-8% of the
weight of the mix. the exact % to be used is determined by the__
A.
Design mix

B.
Trial mix

C.
Job mix

D.
Job mixture

19.
In checking the temp of the mix , the thermometer should be inserted into the mix at least__inches
A.
2

B.
4

C.
6

D.
8

20.
__ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface with bitum matls
A.
Bituminous tack coat

B.
Bituminous sealcoat
C.
Bituminous prime coat

D.
Bituminous surface coat

21.
The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall be cooled at a temp of 21 +_1*C and maintain
that temp for at least__hours
Discuss
A.
24

B.
48

C.
18

D.
21

22.
Proper compaction of the fill matls is very important, as it will
A.
Increase the shear strength

B.
Decrease permiability

C.
Minimize compressibility

D.
All of the above

23.
The cohesion and internal friction of soil shall be tested by
A.
Tri axial test

B.
Direct shear test

C.
Bearing test
D.
All

24.
In concrete acceptance , core will be considered adequate if the average strength of the cores is = to
what?
Discuss
A.
80% of specified strength and if no single core is less than 75% of specified strength

B.
90% of specified strength and if no single core is less than 80% of specified strength

C.
85% of specified strength and if no single core is less than 75% of specified strength

D.
90% of specified strength and if no single core is less than 75% of specified strength

25.
Before the cement is to be used , sampling must be done at least __-before use
A.
1 wk

B.
14 days

C.
2 wk

D.
21 days

26.
Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall be heated @ __ anytime after delivery
A.
107*

B.
159*

C.
123*

D.
167*

27.
Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed __of the time it is introduce into the mixing
unit
A.
1.55 %mass

B.
1.5% mass

C.
2&

D.
1%

28.
Batching tolerance for sand and aggregate is___
A.
1%

B.
2

C.
3

D.
4

29.
Between stage of curing , concrete shall not be exposed for more than ___ hours
A.
24

B.
1.5

C.
3

D.
14

30.
As a matls engineer , what will you do with the major honeycombed area that is considered as defective
work
A.
Plaster
B.
Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor

C.
Payment of concrete will be made an adjustment

D.
None

31.
If the strentgh of control specimen does not meet the req. and not feasible to obtain cores due to
structural considerations , as a matls engr what will be your decision?
A.
Removed and replaced

B.
Area will not be paid

C.
Payment will be made at an adjusted price

D.
None

32.
After concrete has been placed , it is advisable to maintain fully welted and in position for how many
hours
A.
14

B.
24

C.
72

D.
15-18

33.
Rock shall be excavated to a depth ___below sub grade within the limit of the roadbed
A.
200mm

B.
150

C.
180

D.
200

34.
Minimum penetration of piles shall be__
A.
3m

B.
4

C.
5

D.
8

35.
Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than__days
A.
7

B.
14

C.
21

D.
28

36.
Unconfined compressive strenght test is usually performed on
A.
Organic soils

B.
Sandy

C.
Clayey

D.
Silty

37.
Paint contains __-% pigment and vehicle___
A.
20,80

B.
21,79

C.
79,21

D.
80,20

38.
Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is___
A.
100mm

B.
150mm

C.
250mm

D.
200mm

39.
Tolerance of gabion dimension is_-
A.
+- 1%

B.
+- 2%

C.
+- 3%

D.
+- 4%

40.
Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is __
A.
2mm

B.
2.2
C.
2.7

D.
3

41.
Minimum density of gabions
A.
1000kg/cu m

B.
1200kg/cu m

C.
1400kg/cu m

D.
1600kg/cu m

42.
Soundness loss of field gabions is__
A.
9% after 5 cycles

B.
10% after 5 cycles

C.
11% after 6 cycles

D.
12% after 6 cycles

43.
The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than __ and width of__
A.
40mm & 6mm

B.
50mm & 6mm

C.
60mm & 6mm

D.
70mm & 6mm
44.
The lenght of shelby tube of an undisturbed sample__
A.
10" long

B.
12" long

C.
14" long

D.
18" long

45.
__ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample subject to a compression test
A.
10-20 Psi

B.
20-40 Psi

C.
20-50 Psi

D.
10-30 Psi

46.
What is the temp of the concrete sample?
A.
10-15

B.
18-24

C.
16-18

D.
15--20

47.
What is the wash loss of fine aggregate in the # 200 sieve?
A.
1%
B.
2%

C.
3%

D.
4%

48.
What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?
A.
Not greater than 5

B.
Not greater than 6

C.
Not greater than 4

D.
Not greater than 2

49.
If no core had been taken at the end of each day of operation and the project has already been
completed , a core shall be taken
Discuss
A.
For every 100 m /lane

B.
For every 300 m /lane

C.
For every 200 m /lane

D.
For every 75 m /lane

50.
____ is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated
A.
10-20mm

B.
10-30mm

C.
10-40mm

D.
10-60mm

51.
How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for draining before being batch?
A.
1 hour

B.
2

C.
12

D.
24

52.
It indicate good sub base materials when GI is equal to__
A.
2

B.
3

C.
0

D.
1

53.
_ indicates the composition of soil
A.
Atterberg limit

B.
Plasticity bindex

C.
Liquid limit

D.
Shrinkage limit

54.
Is the plasticity index of group of soil
A.
0

B.
6

C.
10

D.
11

55.
_is the minimum percent of A-6 classification of soil
A.
0%

B.
25%

C.
35%

D.
36%

56.
_ is the maximum GI of silty clay materials
A.
0

B.
25

C.
20

D.
35

57.
If the slag is used , the density of coarse aggregates is ___
A.
30-100 kg/cu m

B.
50-100 kg/cu m
C.
1120 kg/cu m

D.
1400 kg/cu m

58.
The undisturbed samples from shelby tube shall be at least _
A.
12"

B.
14"

C.
16"

D.
18"

59.
This is the one of the most important engg properties of soil . it is defined as the ability to resist sliding
along internal surface within the mass
A.
Triaxial test

B.
Shearing strength of soil

C.
Bearing stress

D.
Durect shear test

60.
The bearing blocks of the compression machine should be at least ___ greater than the diameter of the
specimen
A.
2%

B.
3&

C.
4%
D.
5%

61.
Which plasticity index is most suitable for aggregate base course?
A.
5

B.
10

C.
15

D.
20

62.
The specified flexural strength for paving concrete
A.
350

B.
400

C.
525

D.
300

63.
Pre stressed concrete requires the use of class
A.
A

B.
B

C.
C

D.
P

64.
For a bituminopus concrete mixes, the asphalt material may either be asphalt cement or asphalt
emulsion
A.
True

B.
False

C.
Option 3

D.
Option 4

65.
Coarse aggregate for bituminous macadam pavement should be
A.
Crushed gravel or stone

B.
Natural gravel

C.
Both a and b

D.
None of the above

66.
Tests for coarse aggregates include
A.
Abrasion

B.
Mortar strength

C.
Absorption

D.
All of the preceeding

E.
A and c

67.
Unless otherwise specified in special provision , the type of portland cement used in paving concrete
shall be
A.
Type2
B.
Type1

C.
Type3

D.
Type4

68.
During construction of a road project , if all the materials to be used are tested for quality , inspection is
no longer required
A.
True

B.
False

C.
Option 3

D.
Option 4

69.
The degree of compaction of an embankment in our present specs is based on
A.
Cbr method

B.
Unconfined compression test

C.
Aashto t-180

D.
Bulk sp, gravity

70.
Under excavation for structure , item 106, the backfilling operation shall be done in__- cm loose layer
and compacted to at least___
A.
10, 80

B.
20,95
C.
60'30

D.
20,80

71.
Soils are natural aggregate of minerals connected by strong and permanent cohesive forces
A.
True

B.
False

C.
Option 3

D.
Option 4

72.
The boundary between the sand and gravel
A.
.425mm

B.
.475mm

C.
2mm

D.
1.2mm

73.
___ is a soil which exibits the properties of a clay but contains an appreciable amount of sand
A.
Sand clay

B.
Clayey sand

C.
Sandy clay

D.
None
74.
Test for fine aggregates
A.
Gradation

B.
Mortar strength

C.
Abrasion

D.
All

E.
A and b

75.
Is the process whereby soil particles are contained more closely together through the reduction in the
air voids generally by mechanical means
A.
Soil compaction

B.
Mechanical analysis

C.
In place unit wiegth

D.
Cbr

76.
Plasticity test is done on soil passing
A.
.425mm

B.
2mm

C.
.07mm

D.
Option 4

77.
Soils containing more than 35% passing 0/075 # 200 sieve are classified under
A.
Silt clay matls

B.
Granular matls

C.
Depends on PI

D.
Option 4

78.
Is provided for the purpose of counteracting moisture movement within the structure either by seepage
or capillary action
A.
Surface drainage

B.
Chemical admixtures

C.
Compaction

D.
Subsoil drainage

79.
A subgrade soil with a cbr value of a ___ will require a thicker layer of subbase and base course
A.
5%

B.
15%

C.
30%

D.
3%

80.
___ is one of the methods of stabilizing inferior soils
A.
Sodding or springing

B.
Paving
C.
Particle arrangement

D.
Flattening

81.
The physical and engineering properties of soils may be improved by
A.
Compaction

B.
Stabilization

C.
Both a and b

D.
Neither a or b

82.
Water content of soils is generally based on
A.
Total weight of soil

B.
Water content

C.
Weight of solids

D.
None

83.
The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to
A.
Compactive efforts

B.
Water content

C.
A and b

D.
None
84.
Disturbed sample may be used for
A.
Sieve test

B.
Liquid limit

C.
Compaction test

D.
All

85.
A soil with a GI of 5 is stronger than another with a GI of 10
A.
True

B.
False

C.
Option 3

D.
Option 4

86.
Determines the relative amount of water in the voids
A.
Water content

B.
Degree of saturation

C.
Void ratio

D.
Porosity

87.
Is an asphalt formed by the process of evaporation
A.
Rock asphalt
B.
Asphalt emulsion

C.
Asphalt cement

D.
Cutback asphalt

88.
Which one do you like?
A.
Option 1

B.
Option 2

C.
Option 3

D.
Option 4

89.
Uncrashed aggregates are preferrable than crushed aggregates for bituminous mixture
A.
True

B.
False

C.
Depends on type of bituminous materials

D.
Option 4

90.
The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
A.
Flowmeter

B.
Viscometer

C.
Penetrometer
D.
Pycnometer

91.
Is preferrable for bitumionouis prime coat
A.
Solid

B.
Liqiud

C.
Blown

D.
Hot asphalt

92.
___ are usually tested for extraction
A.
Asphalt cement

B.
Cut back asphalt

C.
Asphalt mixes

D.
Asphalt emulsion

93.
Extraction test is the procedure used for separating
A.
Asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt

B.
Asphalt from mineral aggregates

C.
Asphalt from kerosene solvent

D.
Asphalt from gasoline solvent

94.
___ are inter granular void spaces between aggregate particles
A.
VMA

B.
Air voids

C.
Permeable voids

D.
Option 4

95.
The optimum asphalt content obtained in a marshall stability test is the average of the asphalt content
of the maximum stability, max density
A.
Maximum flow

B.
Max air voids

C.
4% air voids

D.
4% flow

96.
The main difference between the bulk measured specific gravity of a bituminous mixtures and its
maximum measured specific gravity is the
A.
Weight of the voids

B.
Weight of the asphalt

C.
Volume of the voids

D.
Volume of aggegates

97.
__ is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes
A.
Asphalt mixes

B.
Asphalt cement
C.
Emulsified asphalt

D.
Rapid curing

98.
A bituminous coating applied in an existing road to laying of a bituminous surface overlay is
A.
Prime coat

B.
Tack coat

C.
Seal coat

D.
Option 4

99.
The distance travelled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample of asphalt under
conditions for normal penetrations is 8.6 MM. The material is
A.
40-50

B.
85-100

C.
120-150

D.
200-300

100.
The max sp. gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by wt of mix is 2.5. if the sp gravity of the
asphalt is 1.01, the specific gr. of the aggregate =
A.
2.65

B.
2.56

C.
2.76
D.
2.7

101.
The job mix formula provides for close control of
A.
Aggregate gradation

B.
Asphalt content

C.
Both of them

D.
None

102.
The desired property of fresh concrete is
A.
Strength

B.
Durability

C.
Workability

D.
Tigthness

103.
The seive used in the separation of aggregates after the abrasion test
A.
1.70 mm ,no.12

B.
.425mm, no 40

C.
4.75mm, no4

D.
.075, n0 200

104.
Which one do you like?
A.
Option 1

B.
Option 2

C.
Option 3

D.
Option 4