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# The multiplication tables

Name Date

Remember
● Multiplication is a mathematical operation where a number is added to
itself a number of times.
8 × 3 = 8 + 8 + 8 = 24
● A multiplication has factors (multiplicand and multiplier) and the
product.

1. Match.

## 7×5 2×3 5×4 9×2

2. Complete.

2× 4 3× 1 4× 5 5× 3 6× 2 7× 5 8× 6 9× 7
Factors
Product

3. Do the multiplications.

## 8×5 = 7×6= 7×8= 2×5 =

3×4 = 2×8= 2×9= 9×7 =
6×9 = 3×7= 3×5= 5×6 =
2×7 = 8×4= 8×6= 7×7 =
5 × 10 = 6×5= 6×8= 4 × 10 =
7×3 = 5×3= 5×5= 9×5 =
4×6 = 4×2= 4×9= 6×0 =
9×2 = 9×6= 9×3= 4×8 =
7×9 = 8×3= 8×9= 2×4 =
4×7 = 3×9= 3×6= 9×9 =
22 © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L.
Multiplications
Name Date

1. Do the multiplications.
442 × 2 3.231 × 3

8.202 × 4 1.232 × 3

710 × 5 601 × 6

9.301 × 3 5.443 × 2

## © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L. 23

Multiplications with carrying
Name Date

Remember
To multiply 426 × 3: H T U
1st We have to multiply the units by 3  3 × 6 = 18.
1
We carry 1.
2nd We have to multiply the tens by 3 and then 4 2 6
we add the one that we carried the last × 3
time  3 × 2 = 6 + 1 = 7.
3 Mupltiply the hundreds by 3  3 × 4 = 12.
rd 1 2 7 8

## 1. Do the following multiplications:

261 × 3 413 × 7

802 × 9 5.310 × 6

7.564 × 5 378 × 8

9.357 × 4 6.958 × 2

## © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L. 25

Dividing by grouping
Name Date

Remember
● Division is sharing or grouping a number into equal parts.
● The division has 4 parts: Dividend, divisor, quotient and remainder.

D 11 d
r q

## 2. Draw the sharings and do the divisions.

Divide equally 15 balls
into 3 boxes.

Divide 15 into :3 =

## Divide equally 17 flowers

into 4 vases.

Divide into : =
● How many flowers are remaining?

## © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L. 31

Division with no remainders
Name Date

Remember
A division with no remainders is the one that its remainder is zero.

## 1. Do the following divisions.

54 9 24 4 18 2 72 8

27 3 14 7 35 5 48 6

## Tom puts 36 bananas in 6 bags, Vicky puts 24 toys in 3 boxes, putting

putting the same number of the same number of toys in each box,
bananas in each bag, how many how many toys does she put in each
bananas does he put in each bag? box?

## 32 © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L.

Division with remainders
Name Date

Remember
A division with remainders is the one that its remainder is different from zero.

1. Do the divisions and circle the ones its remainders are different from zero.
51 7 28 3 30 5 19 9

36 4 65 8 24 6 15 2

■ What is the difference between a division with no remainders and a division with
remainders?

## 2. Read, do the operations and write

John divides equally 60 nuts
Eve divides equally 21 books into 7 friends.
into 7 shelves. How many nuts does he give to each of
How many books does she put them?
in each shelf? How many nuts are remaining?

## © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L. 33

Checking the divisions
Name Date

Remember
You can verify the answer of a division operation in the following way:
divisor × quotient + remainder = dividend

## 1. Do the divisions and check.

12 3 19 2 32 4 46 5

41 5 63 7 74 8 39 9

27 4 55 9 48 6 33 6

## 2. Check the following divisions with the division formula.

35 6 21 9 18 4 39 7
5 5 4 2 4 3 4 5

## 34 © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L.

Divisions with the first digit of the
dividend bigger or equal than the divisor
Name Date

Remember
When the first digit of the dividend is 736 4
bigger or equal than the divisor, we take —4 184
the first digit of the dividend to start 33
dividing. —3 2
16
—1 6
0

1. Do the divisions.

79 : 7 86 : 2

456 : 4 896 : 8

792 : 6 413 : 3

## 36 © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L.

Divisions with the first digit of
the dividend smaller than the divisor
Name Date

Remember
When the first digit of the dividend 267 3
is smaller than the divisor, we have to take the —2 4 89
first two digits of the dividend to start dividing. 27
—2 7
0

1. Do the divisions.
164 : 4 423 : 6

146 : 3 651 : 7

458 : 5 764 : 8

## © 2008 Santillana Educación, S. L. 37

Divisions with quotient zero
Name Date
Remember

## If the result of the subtraction 642 6

is zero and the following digit is —6 107
smaller than the divisor we 042
have to write 0 in the quotient, —4 2
and then, put down the 0
following digit of the dividend.

1. Do the divisions.

61 : 3 413 : 2

537 : 5 486 : 8

724 : 7 619 : 2