You are on page 1of 8

El NOMBRE

CONTABLES E INCONTABLES
Los nombres se pueden clasificar en contables e incontables.
Contables son aquéllos que podemos contar con la ayuda de un
numeral.
Tienen forma de plural y pueden llevar el artículo a/an o the, some, few
etc.

One book. Two pencils. Three boys. Four cars.


Un libro. Dos lapiceros. Tres niños. Cuatro coches.

Los incontables no tienen plural, algunos de ellos pueden ser tanto


contables como incontables. Existe un cambio en el significado.
I bought a paper. Give me some paper to write.
Compré un periódico. Dame papel para escribir.
She has a new iron. This is made of iron.
Tiene una nueva plancha. Ésto está hecho de hierro.
Give me a glass. This is Bohemian glass.
Dame un vaso. Esto es cristal de Bohemia.
I drink coffee. Give me two coffees.
Bebo café. Dame dos cafés.

Algunos nombres incontables:

Butter.
Mantequilla.
Help.
Ayuda.
News.
Noticias.
Tea.

Chocolate.
Chocolate.
Homework.
Deberes.
Paper.
Papel.
Time.
Tiempo.
Coffee.
Café.
Hope.
Esperanza.
Physics.
Física.
Toothpaste.
Pasta de dientes.
Cream. Hunger. Rubbish. Trouble.

Crema. Hambre. Basura. Problema.


Dirt.
Suciedad.
Information.
Información.
Sand.
Arena.
Water.
Agua.
Flour.
Harina.
Mathematics.
Matemáticas.
Sky.
Cielo.
Weather.
Tiempo
atmosférico.
Food.
Comida.
Milk.
Leche.
Soap.
Jabón.
Work.
Trabajo.
Fun.
Diversión.
Money.
Dinero.
Wine.
Vino.
Silver.
Plata.
Furniture.
Mobiliario.
Music.
Música.
Sugar.
Azúcar.
Advice.
Consejo.
MUCH, MANY, FEW, LITTLE, A LOT OF
CONTABLES
Many.
Muchos o muchas.
I have many friends.
Tengo muchos amigos.
Few.
Pocos o pocas.
A few.
Unos pocos o unas pocas.
She has read few books.
Ella ha leído pocos libros.
I have a few good friends.
Tengo unos pocos buenos amigos.
So Many.
Tantos.
We have so many books that I don’t
know where to put them.
Tenemos tantos libros que no sé
dónde ponerlos.
So Few.
Tan pocos.
He is alone, he has so few friends.
Está solo, tiene tan pocos amigos.
Too Many.
Demasiados.
Too many cooks spoil the broth.
Demasiados cocineros echan a perder
el caldo.
Too Few.
Demasiado pocos.
There were too few to start the party.
Había demasiado pocos para
empezar la fiesta.
INCONTABLES
Much.
Mucho.
I don’t drink much coke.
No bebo mucha Coca-cola.
Little.
Poco.
A little
Un poco.
He eats little fruit.
Come poca fruta.
With a little milk please.
Con un poco de leche.
So Little.
Tan poco.
He drinks so little water.
Bebe tan poca agua.
72
Too Much.
Demasiado. “más de lo necesario”.
They eat too much meat.
Comen demasiada carne.
Too Little.
Demasiado poco. “menos de lo
necesario”.
They have too little money.
Tienen demasiado poco dinero.
So Much.
Tanto.
They spend so much on clothes that
they never have enough money.
Gastan tanto en ropa que nunca
tienen suficiente dinero.
CON CONTABLES E INCONTABLES
A lot of.
Mucho, muchos.
We have a lot of books.
Tenemos muchos libros.
We drink a lot of water.
Bebemos mucha agua.
Lots of.
Montones de. Mucho, Mucha.
Lots of people came yesterday.
Mucha gente vino ayer.
Plenty of.
Mucho, muchos.
Tiene el matiz de “de sobra”.
There are plenty of good books in the
library.
Hay muchos buenos libros en la
biblioteca.
I don’t have to hurry, I’ve got plenty of
time.
No tengo que apresurarme, tengo
mucho tiempo.
Partitivos más utilizados con los nombres incontables.
A bar of.
Una barra de.
A bar of chocolate.
Una barra de chocolate.
A bottle of.
Una botella de.
A bottle of wine.
Una botella de vino.
----------------------------------

Exercises

1) Only ....................live in the country nowadays.


a - Few
b - Little
c - Much
2) There is....................noise in this city.
a - Few
b - Many
c - Much
3) There are ........schools in Salinas.Only two.
a - Little
b - Few
c - Much
4) I'll have........................coffee.
a - Few
b-A
c - Any
5) In Petrel there are...................mountains.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Little
6) There's...........................................whisky in the bottle
a - Few
b - Little
c - Many
7) ....................good friends are better than many.
a - Little
b - Few
c - Much
8) I have .........................money left.
a - Little
b - Few
c - Many
9) I want..........................milk in my coffee please.
a - Some
b - Any
c - Few
10) I spend.........................time watching TV.
a - Much
b - Many
c - Few
11) We have to study.........................books.
75
a - Much
b - Many
c - Any
12) There are .................................desks in this class.
a - Much
b - Little
c - Many
13) Not ...................people smoke in this University.
a - Manys
b - Many
c - Fews
14) They pay Zidane .......................money.
a - Much
b - Many
c - Few
15) There aren't ..............................towns in Teruel.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Little
16) I didn't drink ............................wine yesterday.
a - Much
b - Many
c - Few
17) There are only ..........................people in the concert.
a - Few
b - Little
c - Many
18) I want to have ............................friends.
a - Little
b - Many
c - Much
19) Now I have.................................money.
a - Few
b - Many
c - Little
20) They asked me ...........................questions.
a - Many
b - Little
c - Much
21) I don't have ................................time.
76
a - Much
b - Many
c - Little
22) I'll try .............English tea.
a - Some
b - Many
c - Any
23) Don't ask me so ..........questions.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Less
24) How ..............shirts are you going to buy?
a - Many
b - Much
c - Often
25) I have .....time.
a – Little
b - Much
c - Yet
26) How ...........people are living in Villena?
a - Much
b - Many
c - Some
27) ...............much is the English book?
a - How
b - Which
c - Where
28) I drink........................coke.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Few
29) My wife eats ..................oranges.
a - Many
b - Little
c - So
30) My brother has...................CDs.
a - A lot os
b - A lot of
c - Much
31) I study..........
77
a - Few
b - Many
c - Much
32) Is there ..................water in the bottle? No, there isn't.
a - Many
b - Lot
c - Much
33) There is .................milk in the jug.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Lot of
34) We have.................magazines and books about Elda.
a - A lot
b - A lot of
c - Lots
35) There are...................boys waiting for you outside.
a - Much
b - A few
c - Fewing
36) I don't eat..........................meat.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Few
37) We eat ...............fish.
a - Many
b - Much
c - Few
38) Lorenzo has ....................money.
a – Much
b - Many
c – Few
78
Soluciones
1. A 2. C 3. B 4. B 5. A 6. B 7. B 8. A 9. A 10.A
11.B 12.C 13.B 14.A 15.A 16.A 17.A 18.B 19.C 20.A
21.A 22.A 23.A 24.A 25.A 26.B 27.A 28.B 29.A 30.A
31.C 32.C 33.B 34.B 35.B 36.B 37.B 38.A