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Jurisdiction of Various Courts in Civil Cases

Supreme Court

Original Exclusive Original Appellate Concurrent


1. Cases affecting ambassadors, 1. Petition for certiorari, prohibition, Under the Constitution, Art VII 1. with the RTC over actions
other public ministers and consuls and mandamus against judgment, Sec. 5 par. 2 involving ambassadors, other public
2. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition, final order and resolutions of the Review, revise, reverse, modify, or ministers and consuls
mandamus, quo warranto, habeas following: affirm on appeal or certiorari, as the 2. with CA, Sandiganbayan, and
corpus (a) Court of Appeals law or the Rules of Court may RTC over petitions for certiorari,
3. Petitions for writ of amparo (b) Sandiganbayan provide, final judgments and orders prohibition, mandamus, habeas
4. Petitions for habeas data (c) Court of Tax Appeals of lower courts in: corpus, amparo and habeas data
5. Petitions for writ of continuing (d) Commission on Elections (a) All cases in which the 3. with CA over petition for writ of
mandamus (e) Commission on Audit constitutionality or validity of any Kalikasan
6. Petitions for writ of Kalikasan (f) Civil Service Commission treaty, international or executive 4. with CA and RTC over petitions
(g) Ombudsman in Criminal Cases agreement, law, presidential decree, for writ of continuing mandamus
proclamation, order, instruction,
ordinance, or regulation is in
question.
(b) All cases involving the legality of
any tax, impost, assessment, or toll,
or any penalty imposed in relation
thereto.
(c) All cases in which the jurisdiction
of any lower court is in issue.
(d) All criminal cases in which the
penalty imposed is reclusion
perpetua or higher.
(e) All cases in which only an error
or question of law is involved.
Under other Rules
Over judgment, final orders, and
resolutions of the following courts:
1. Court of Appeals under Rule 45
2. Sandiganbayan under PD No.
1606 as amended by RA No. 7975,
RA No. 8249, and RA No. 10660 in
relation to Rule 45
3. Court of Tax Appeals en banc
pursuant to Sec. 11 of RA No. 9282
in relation to Rule 45
4. RTC under Rule 45 on the ground
of purely questions of law
5. CA, Sandiganbayan, and RTC in
petition for writ of amparo
6. CA, Sandiganbayan and RTC in a
petition for habeas data
7. CA in case of petition for writ of
kalikasan
8. CA and RTC in a petition for
continuing mandamus
Court of Appeals

Original Exclusive Original Exclusive Appellate


1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, 1. Actions for annulment of judgments of the 1. Decision and final orders of the Regional Trial
quo warranto, habeas corpus RTC Court in the exercise of its original jurisdiction
2. Petitions for writ of amparo 2. Petition for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus 2. Decision and final orders of the Regional Trial
3. Petitions for habeas data against: court in the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction
4. Petitions for writ of continuing mandamus (a) decisions, final orders and resolutions of the 3. Decision and final orders of the Metropolitan
5. Petitions for writ of Kalikasan RTC Trial Courts, Municipal Trial/Municipal Circuit
6. Petition for freeze order on any monetary (b) decisions, final orders and resolutions of the Trial Courts in delegated jurisdiction over land
instrument, property, or proceeds relating to or National Labor Relations Commission registration and cadastral cases
involving any unlawful activity as defined under (c) decisions, final orders of the Secretary of 4. Decision of the Shari’ah District Courts in the
Sec. 3(j) of RA 9160 Labor and Employment in the exercise of its absence of the station of the Shari’ah Appellate
appellate jurisdiction over decision, final orders Courts
of POEA Administrator in the exercise of its 5. All decisions and final orders rendered by the
adjudicatory function in case of violation of the RTC in case of violation of Intellectual Property
provisions of the Labor Code and POEA Rules Code through a petition for review under Rule 43
and Regulations of the Rules of Court
(d) Decision of the Sec of Labor and 6. Awards, judgment, final orders or resolution of
Employment over a decision of its duly quasi-judicial bodies such as:
authorized representatives brought on appeal in (a) Civil Service Commission
case of violation of apprenticeship agreement (b) Securities and Exchange Commission
which is already final and executory (c) Office of the President
(e) Decision of the National Wage Productivity (d) Land Registration Authority
Commission on appeal over a Wage Order by (e) Social Security Commission
the Regional Tripartite Wage Productivity Board (f) Civil Aeronautics Board
(f) Decision over direct and indirect contempt (g) Bureau of Patents Trademarks and
cases decided by the National Labor Relations Technology Transfer
Commission (h) National Electrification Administration
(g) Decision of Sec of Labor and Employment on (i) Energy Regulatory Board
appeal in case of denial of union registration by (j) National Telecommunications Commission
the Regional Director or the Bureau of Labor (k)Department of Agrarian Reform
Relations (l) Government Service Insurance System
(h) Decision of the Bureau of Labor Relations on (m) Employees Compensation Commission
appeal over the order of cancellations of union (n) Agricultural Inventions Board
registration (o) Insurance Commission
(i) Decisions of Sec of Labor and Employment on (p) Philippine Atomic Energy Commission
appeal over the order of the Bureau of Labor (q) Board of Investments
Relations over intra-labor dispute (r) Construction Industry Arbitration Commission
(s) Voluntary Arbitration
(t) Decision of the Office of the Ombudsman in
administrative cases
Sandiganbayan

Exclusive Original Exclusive Appellate


1. Violations of RA 3019 (Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act), RA 1379, Final judgments, resolutions, or orders of RTC whether in the exercise of
and Chapter II, Section 2, Title VII, Book II of the Revised Penal Code their own original jurisdiction or of their appellate jurisdiction
2. Civil and Criminal cases filed pursuant to and in connection with EO Nos.
1, 2, 14 and 14-A issued in 1986
3. Over petitions for the issuance of writs of mandamus, prohibition,
certiorari, habeas corpus, injunction and other ancillary writs and processes
in aid of its appellate jurisdiction
4. Petitions of similar nature, including quo warranto, arising or that may
arise in cases filed or which may be filed under EO Nos. 1, 2, 14 and 14-A
issued in 1986: Provided, that the jurisdiction over these petition shall not
be exclusive of the Supreme Court
Court of Tax Appeals

Exclusive Original Exclusive Appellate


Tax collection cases involving final and executory assessments for taxes, 1. Decisions of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue in cases involving
fees, charges and penalties: Provided, however, that the collection cases disputed assessments, refunds of internal revenue taxes, fees or other
where the principal amount of taxes and fees, exclusive of charges and charges, penalties in relation thereto, or other matters arising under the
penalties, claimed is less than One million pesos (P 1,000,000) shall be National Internal Revenue or other laws administered by the Bureau of
tried by the proper MTC, MeTC, RTC Internal Revenue
2. Inaction by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue in cases involving
disputed assessments, refunds of internal revenue taxes, fees or other
charges, penalties in relations thereto, or other matters arising under the
National Internal Revenue Code or other laws administered by the Bureau
of Internal Revenue, where the National Internal Revenue Code provides a
specific period of action, in which case the inaction shall be deemed a
denial
3. Decisions, orders or resolutions of the Regional Trial Courts in local tax
cases originally decided or resolved by them in the exercise of their original
or appellate jurisdiction
4. Decisions of the Commissioner of Customs in cases involving liability for
customs duties, fees or other money charges, seizure, detention or release
of property affected, fines, forfeitures or other penalties in relation thereto,
or other matters arising under the Customs Law or other laws administered
by the Bureau of Customs
5. Decisions of the Central Board of Assessment Appeals in the exercise of
its appellate jurisdiction over cases involving the assessment and taxation
of real property originally decided by the provincial or city board of
assessment appeals
6. Decisions of the Secretary of Finance on customs cases elevated to him
automatically for review from decisions of the Commissioner of Customs
which are adverse to the Government under Section 2315 of the Tariff and
Customs Code
7. Decisions of the Secretary of Trade and Industry, in the case of
nonagricultural product, commodity or article, and the Secretary of
Agriculture in the case of agricultural product, commodity or article,
involving dumping and countervailing duties under Section 301 and 302,
respectively, of the Tariff and Customs Code, and safeguard measures
under Republic Act No. 8800, where either party may appeal the decision to
impose or not to impose said duties
Court of Tax Appeals en banc

Exclusive Appellate
1. Decisions or resolutions on motions for reconsideration or new trial of the Court in Divisions in the exercise of its exclusive appellate jurisdiction over:
(a) Cases arising from administrative agencies – Bureau of Internal Revenue, Bureau of Customs, Department of Finance, Department of Trade and
Industry, Department of Agriculture
(b) Local tax cases decided by the Regional Trial Courts in the exercise of their original jurisdiction; and
(c) Tax collection cases decided by the Regional Trial Courts in the exercise of their original jurisdiction involving final and executory assessments for
taxes, fees, charges and penalties, where the principal amount of taxes and penalties claimed is less than one million pesos
2. Decisions, resolutions or orders of the Regional Trial Courts in local tax cases decided or resolved by them in the exercise of their appellate jurisdiction
3. Decisions, resolutions or orders of the Regional Trial Courts in tax collection cases decided or resolved by them in the exercise of their appellate
jurisdiction
4. Decisions, resolutions or orders on motions for reconsideration or new trial of the Court in Division in the exercise of its exclusive original jurisdiction
over tax collection cases
5. Decisions of the Central Board of Assessment Appeals (CBAA) in the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction over cases involving the assessment and
taxation of real property originally decided by the provincial or city board of assessment appeals
6. Decisions, resolutions or orders on motions for reconsideration or new trial of the Court in Division in the exercise of its exclusive original jurisdiction
over cases involving criminal offenses arising from violations of the National Internal Revenue Code or the Tariff and Customs Code and other laws
administered by the Bureau of Internal Revenue or Bureau of Customs
7. Decisions, resolutions or orders on motions for reconsideration or new trial of the Court in Division in the exercise of its exclusive appellate jurisdiction
over criminal offenses mentioned in the preceding subparagraph
8. Decisions, resolutions or orders of the Regional trial Courts in the exercise of their appellate jurisdiction over criminal offenses mentioned in no. 6
Regional Trial Court

Original Exclusive Original Special


1. Actions involving ambassadors, other public Under BP Blg. 129 The Supreme Court may designate certain
ministers and consuls 1. in all civil actions in which the subject of the branches of the RTC to handle exclusively:
2. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, litigation is incapable of pecuniary estimation 1. criminal cases
quo warranto, habeas corpus 2. In all civil actions which involve the title to, or 2. Juvenile and domestic relations cases
3. Actions for annulment of judgment of the possession of, real property, or any interest 3. agrarian cases
Municipal Trial Court therein, where the assessed value of the property 4. urban land reform cases which do not fall
4. Petitions for writ of amparo involved exceeds Twenty thousand pesos under the jurisdiction of quasi-judicial bodies and
5. Petitions for habeas data (P20,000,00) or, for civil actions in Metro Manila, agencies
6. Petitions for writ of continuing mandamus where such value exceeds Fifty thousand pesos 5. such other special cases as the Supreme
(P50,000.00) except actions for forcible entry into Court may determine in the interest of a speedy
and unlawful detainer of lands or buildings, and efficient administration of justice
original jurisdiction over which is conferred upon RTC acting as Family Court has exclusive
the Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial original jurisdiction over:
Courts, and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts, 1. petitions for guardianship, custody of minor,
3. In all actions in admiralty and maritime habeas corpus in relation to minor
jurisdiction where he demand or claim exceeds 2. petition for adoption of children and revocation
Three hundred thousand pesos (P300,000.00) or of adoption
, in Metro Manila, where such demand or claim 3. complaits for annulment of marriage and
exceeds Four hundred thousand pesos declaration of nullity of marriage and those
(P400,000.00) relating to marital status and property relations of
4. In all matters of probate, both testate and husband and wife or those living together under
intestate, where the gross value of the estate different status and agreements, and dissolution
exceeds Three hundred thousand pesos of conjugal partnership of gains
(P300,000.00) or, in probate matters in Metro 4. petition for support and/or acknowledgement
Manila, where such gross value exceeds Four 5. summary judicial proceedings brought under
hundred thousand pesos (P400,000.00) the provision of EO No. 209(Family Code of the
5. In all actions involving the contract of marriage Philippines)
and marital relations 6. Petition for constitution of family home
6. In all cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction 7. petition for declaration of status of children as
of any court, tribunal, person or body exercising abandoned, dependent, or neglected children
jurisdiction or any court, tribunal, person or body 8. petition for involuntary commitment of a child
exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions or removal of custody against child placement, or
7. In all civil actions and special proceedings child caring agency or individual, or commitment
falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of a RTC acting as Special Commercial Court
Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and of the shall exercise jurisdiction over:
Courts of Agrarian Relations as now provided by 1. civil actions for violations of intellectual
law property rights provided for in the Intellectual
8. In all other cases in which the demand, Property Code
exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, 2. civil actions for infringement of Patent, Utility
attorney's fees, litigation expenses, and costs or Model and Industrial Design
the value of the property in controversy exceeds 3. Trademark Infrigement
Three hundred thousand pesos (P300,000.00) or, 4. Unfair Competition
in such other abovementioned items exceeds 5. actions concerning trademark license contracts
Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000.00) 6. actions concerning imported merchandise or
Under Sec. 5.2 of the Securities and goods bearing infringing marks or trade names
Regulations Code 7. actions for cancellation of registration of a
1. cases involving devices or schemes employed collective mark, false designations of origin, false
by or any acts, of the board of directors, business description or representation, breach of contract
associates, its officers or partnership, amounting 8. civil actions for infringement of copyright, moral
to fraud and misrepresentation which may be rights, or performer’s rights, producer’s rights,
detrimental to the interest of the public and/or of and broadcasting rights
the stockholder, partners, members of 9. other violations of intellectual property rights as
associations or organizations registered with the may be defined by law
Commission
2. Controversies arising out of intra-corporate or
partnership relations, between and among
stockholders, members, or associates; between
any or all of them and the corporation,
partnership or association of which they are
stockholders, members or associates,
respectively; and between such corporation,
partnership or association and the state insofar
as it concerns their individual franchise or right to
exist as such entity
3. Controversies in the election or appointments
of directors, trustees, officers or managers of
such corporations, partnerships or associations
4. Petitions of corporations, partnership or
associations to be declared in the state of
suspension of payments in case where the
corporation, partnership or associations,
possesses sufficient property to cover all debts
but foresees the impossibility of meeting them
when they respectively fall due or in case where
the corporation, partnership or associations has
no sufficient assets to cover liabilities, but is
under the management of the Rehabilitation
Receiver or a Management Committee.
Under Sec. 10, Rule 47, 1997 Rules of Civil
Procedure
Over petition for annulment of judgment over
decisions and final orders of the MeTC, MTC,
MCTC.
Under Sec. 3, Title II of A.M. No. 05-11-04
Petition for civil forfeiture of monetary instrument,
property, or proceeds representing, involving, or
relating to an unlawful activity, or to money
laundering offenses
Under Rules on Alternative Dispute
Resolution
1. petition questioning the existence, validity and
enforceability of an arbitration agreement
2. Petition for judicial relief from the ruling of
arbitral tribunal on a preliminary question
upholding or declining jurisdiction
3. Petition for Interim Measure of Protection
4. Petition for appointment of Arbitrator
5. Petition challenging the appointment of
arbitrator
6. Petition for terminate the mandate of an
arbitrator
7. Petition for assistance in taking an evidence
8. Petition for Protective Order
9. Petition for confirmation,
correction/modification or vacation of a domestic
arbitral award
10. Petition to recognize and enforce, set aside
an arbitral award
11. Petition to recognize and enforce a foreign
arbitral award
Shari’ah District Court

Original Exclusive Original


1. Petition by the Muslims for the constitution of family home, change of 1. All cases involving custody, guardianship, legitimacy, paternity and
name and commitment of an insane person to an asylum filiation arising under the Code of Muslim Personal Laws
2. All other personal or real actions not mentioned in paragraph 1(d) of Art. 2. All cases involving the disposition and settlement of the estate of
413 of PD 1083 wherein the parties are Muslims except those of forcible deceased Muslims, probate of wills, issuance of letters administration or
entry and unlawful detainer, which shall fall under the exclusive original appointment of administrator or executors regardless of the nature or the
jurisdiction of the MTC aggregate value of the property
3. All special civil actions for interpleader or declaratory relief wherein the 3. Petitions for the declaration of absence and death and for the
parties are Muslims or the property involved belongs exclusively to Muslims cancellation or correction of entries in the Muslim Registries mentioned in
Title VI of Book Two of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws
4. All actions arising from customary contracts in which the parties are
Muslims, if they have not specified which law shall govern their relations
5. All petitions for mandamus, prohibition, injunction, certiorari, habeas
corpus, and all other auxiliary writs and processes in aid of its appellate
jurisdiction
Metropolitan Trial Court, Municipal Trial Court and Municipal Circuit Trial Court

Exclusive Original Special Delegated


Under BP Blg. 129 In the absence of all the Regional Trial Judges in 1. cadastral or land registration cases covering
1. Exclusive original jurisdiction over civil actions a province or city, any Metropolitan Trial Judge, lots where there is no controversy or opposition,
and probate proceedings, testate and intestate, Municipal Trial Judge, Municipal Circuit Trial or
including the grant of provisional remedies in Judge may hear and decide petitions for a writ of 2. contested lots where the value of which does
proper cases, where the value of the personal habeas corpus or applications for bail in criminal not exceed one hundred thousand pesos
property, estate, or amount of the demand does cases in the province or city where the absent (P100,000.00), such value to be ascertained by
not exceed Three hundred thousand pesos Regional Trial Judges sit the affidavit of the claimant or by agreement of
(P300,000.00) or, in Metro Manila where such the respective claimant if there are more than
personal property, estate, or amount of the one, or from the corresponding tax declaration of
demand does not exceed Four hundred thousand the real property.
pesos (P400,000.00) exclusive of interest
damages of whatever kind, attorney's fees,
litigation expenses, and costs, the amount of
which must be specifically alleged: Provided,
That interest, damages of whatever kind,
attorney’s fees, litigation expenses, and costs
shall be included in the determination of filing
fees: Provided, further, That where there are
several claims or causes of action between the
same or different parties, embodied in the same
complaint, the amount of the demand shall be the
totality of the claims in all the causes of action,
irrespective of whether the causes of action arose
out of the same or different transactions
2. Exclusive original jurisdiction over cases of
forcible entry and unlawful detainer: Provided,
That when, in such cases, the defendant raises
the question of ownership in his pleadings and
the question of possession cannot be resolved
without deciding the issue of ownership, the issue
of ownership shall be resolved only to determine
the issue of possession
3. Exclusive original jurisdiction in all civil actions
which involve title to, or possession of, real
property, or any interest therein where the
assessed value of the property or interest therein
does not exceed Twenty thousand pesos
(P20,000.00) or, in civil actions in Metro Manila,
where such assessed value does not exceed
Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) exclusive of
interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney's
fees, litigation expenses and costs: Provided,
That in cases of land not declared for taxation
purposes, the value of such property shall be
determined by the assessed value of the adjacent
lots.
Under Rules on Summary Procedure Sec.
1(A)
1. All cases of forcible entry and unlawful
detainer, irrespective of the amount of damages
or unpaid rentals sought to be recovered. Where
attorney's fees are awarded, the same shall not
exceed twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00)
2. All other civil cases, except probate
proceedings, where the total amount of the
plaintiff's claim does not exceed one hundred
thousand pesos (P100,000.00) or two hundred
thousand pesos (P200,000.00) in Metropolitan
Manila, exclusive of interest and costs.
Under Revised 2016 Rules of Procedure o
Small Claims Case
Payment of money where the value of the claim
does not exceed Two hundred thousand pesos
(P200,000.00) exclusive of interest and costs.
Shari’ah Circuit Court

Exclusive Original
1. All civil actions and proceedings between parties who are Muslims or have been married in accordance with Article 13 involving disputes relating to:
(a) Marriage;
(b) Divorce recognized under this Code;
(c) Betrothal or breach of contract to marry;
(d) Customary dower (mahr);
(e) Disposition and distribution of property upon divorce;
(f) Maintenance and support, and consolatory gifts, (mut'a); and
(g) Restitution of marital rights.
2. All cases involving disputes relative to communal properties.