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8A Mark Schemes

Quick Quiz Matching End of Unit Test marks 8


to NC levels
Question Answer Marks A
Topic 1 2 3 4 Level Marks Cumulative Suggested
8Aa A A D C 4 available total threshold for
8Ab C B C B 4 achieving level
8Ac B A B D 4 3 2 2 4
8Ad C C A A 4 4 4 6 6
8Ae C B B D 4 5 7 13 12
6 4 17 17
7 5 22 22
8 3 25 25
End of Unit Test marks
Question Level Answer Mark scheme
1 3 a grind it up/bite parts of it off/mix it with saliva 1 mark
4 b A stomach; B small intestine; C large intestine; D rectum 2 marks – award one mark for
four correct answers; award one
mark for two or three correct
answers. Accept ‘ileum’ or
‘duodenum’ for small intestine
and ‘colon’ for large intestine.
5 c stomach mixes up food/digests protein/churns food 1 mark
2 5 a meat/beans/nuts/fish/eggs/cheese 1 mark
5 b growth and repair/making new cells 1 mark for both growth and
repair
3 3 a he uses less energy than he used to 1 mark – accept ‘less
energetic’, ‘does less’, ‘does not
work as hard’. Do not accept ‘he
has more body fat’.
4 b heart disease/heart attack/heart problems 1 mark– accept ‘increased risk
of cancer’ or ‘problems with
joints’.
4 c i eat less/go on diet/eat foods that are lower in fat/eat 1 mark for both correct
foods lower in kj; ii take more exercise

4 5 a kilojoules 1 mark – do not accept


incorrect spelling
5 b mineral/mineral salt 1 mark
5 c keeps intestines clean/helps food move through intestines 1 mark – accept ‘for bulk’
easily/makes the food bulky/provides something for the
muscles to work against
6 d water 1 mark

5 7 a small intestine 1 mark


6 b sugar/small protein/water/fat/glucose 1 mark
7 c increase the surface area 1 mark

6 7 a inside the Visking tubing only 1 mark


7 b both inside and outside the Visking tubing 1 mark
7 c the blood 1 mark

Exploring Science edition 41 © Pearson Education Limited 2008

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8A Mark Schemes (continued)

8 End of Unit Test marks (continued)


A Question Level Answer Mark scheme
7 6 a This is the temperature at which (digestive) enzymes 1 mark
work best.
8 b pH2 1 mark
8 c pH7 1 mark
8 d the pH is not suitable/amylase does not work in acid 1 mark
conditions/the pH is too low.
8 5 a any two from: for moving etc.; making new substances; 1 mark for two correct
keeping warm responses
6 b glucose 1 mark

Answer to Quick Check activities


Quick Answers
Check
8Aa Possible questions for the answers provided are:
1 What word describes what you eat?; 2 Where do we get the raw materials our bodies need?;
3 What does your body need proteins for?; 4 How can we find out which nutrients are in a food?; 5
Our bodies need two substances in addition to nutrients – what are they?; 6 What happens to iodine if
it is added to starch?; 7 What is constipation?; 8 Why do our bodies need water?; 9 What is starch?;
10 How can you test a food to see if it contains protein?
8Ab Food Carbohydrates Protein Fat Fibre Vitamins Minerals
meat
milk
vegetables
cereals*
fish
rice**
fruit***
nuts
bread
chips
cheese
fizzy drinks***
pasta**
eggs
* ‘Cereals’ here refers to wheat, etc. The amount of fibre these contain will vary, depending on whether
or not they are whole grains. If pupils are thinking of breakfast cereals, then they may tick the vitamins
and minerals boxes, as most cereal manufacturers add these nutrients to breakfast cereals.** This
assumes brown rice/pasta.*** The carbohydrates are sugars.

Exploring Science edition 42 © Pearson Education Limited 2008

M01_ES_AB_Y8_5415_U8A.indd 42 28/8/08 16:32:20


8A Mark Schemes (continued)

Quick
Check
Answers 8
8Ac Some possible answers are given below, although these are not the only valid responses:
A
1 so that it can get into our bodies. / which forms part of the digestive system.
2 to chop up our food. / because food is sometimes too big to swallow.
3 to the stomach. / which is also called the food pipe or oesophagus.
4 so that you don’t lose lots of water in faeces. / and contains lots of bacteria.
5 so that our food can be pushed along it. / which means that food can go to our stomachs even if we
are upside down.
6 because it helps food move through our intestines. / and if we didn’t eat any we might get
constipation.
7 so larger ones have to be broken up. / which is why many nutrients have to be digested.
8 so it takes between 24 and 48 hours for food to pass through it. / which is why it needs to be coiled
up to fit inside our bodies.
9 because the enzymes chop up large molecules into smaller ones.
10 which produce useful substances. / which help digest some foods.
8Ad Refer to Summary Sheet diagram for answer.
8Ae Pupil’s own concept map.

Exploring Science edition 43 © Pearson Education Limited 2008

M01_ES_AB_Y8_5415_U8A.indd 43 28/8/08 16:32:20