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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance and Infrastructure

Development Corporation

DETAILED PROJECT REPORT OF


STORM WATER DRAINS FOR TIRUPATI

DOC NO. AMRUT/AP/TIRUPATI/SWD/01

DECEMBER 2016

H.No: 74-13-2, 1st Floor, Royal Enclave,


New RTC Colony, Patamata, Vijayawada - 520010.
REVISION STATUS

REV.
DATE DESCRIPTION
NO.

P0 16-08-2016 Draft Issued to client for review and comments

P1 26-12-2016 Issued to client after incorporating survey data

Andhra Pradesh Urban Financial & PDMC for Tirupati City


C for Atal Mission for
Infrastructure) Development Corporation
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1.0 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................... 19

1.1 BACKGROUND ..........................................................................................................19

1.2 GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT CITY ...................................................................19

1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF PROJECT ..................................................................................23

1.4 PROJECT AREA .........................................................................................................24

1.5 TOPOGRAPHY ...........................................................................................................24

1.6 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL ..........................................................................................24

1.7 AUTHORISATION .......................................................................................................25

CHAPTER 2.0 EXISTING STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM ..................................... 26

2.1 INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................26

2.2 EXISTING ROAD DETAILS ........................................................................................26

2.3 EXISTING STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM .....................................................27

2.4 EXISTING PONDS/ LAKES/ STRUCTURES-CHECK DAMS ......................................31

2.5 EXISTING FLOOD PRONE AREAS ............................................................................33

2.6 EXISTING SLUM DETAILS .........................................................................................34

2.7 ONGOING PROJECTS ...............................................................................................35

2.8 CONDITION OF THE EXISTING STORM WATER DRAINS .......................................36

2.9 REASONS FOR FLOODING.......................................................................................36

2.10 DISPOSAL OF STORM WATER DRAINAGE .............................................................40

2.11 ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM....................................................................40

2.12 PROJECT OBJECTIVE ...............................................................................................43

2.13 SCOPE OF WORK......................................................................................................43

2.14 DATA COLLECTION ...................................................................................................44

2.15 SERVICE LEVEL BENCH MARK-STORM WATER DRAINAGE – EXISTING ............44

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 3.0 FIELD INVESTIGATIONS AND SURVEYS ................................................. 45

3.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................45

3.2 TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY ..........................................................................................45

3.3 GEOTECHNICAL/ HYDROGEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS ...................................46

CHAPTER 4.0 SYSTEM PLANNING /DESIGN CRITERIA ................................................. 47

4.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................47

4.2 COMPUTATION OF DESIGN FLOWS ........................................................................47

4.3 FREQUENCY OF STORMS........................................................................................47

4.4 TIME OF CONCENTRATION......................................................................................48

4.5 COEFFICIENT OF RUN-OFF .....................................................................................48

4.6 HYDRAULIC DESIGNS ..............................................................................................50

4.7 MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM VELOCITIES....................................................................50

4.8 FREE BOARD .............................................................................................................51

4.9 DRAIN SECTIONS ......................................................................................................52

4.10 MATERIAL SELECTION .............................................................................................52

CHAPTER 5.0 RAINFALL ANALYSIS ................................................................................ 54

5.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................54

5.2 RAINFALL DATA ........................................................................................................54

5.3 IDF CURVES ..............................................................................................................56

5.4 ISOPLUVIAL MAP ......................................................................................................61

5.5 DESIGN RAINFALL VALUES .....................................................................................62

CHAPTER 6.0 PROPOSED SYSTEM ................................................................................. 63

6.1 INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................63

6.2 STUDY ZONES...........................................................................................................63

6.3 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PRIMARY DRAINS ......................................................64

6.4 SECONDARY AND TERTIARY DRAINS ....................................................................72

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
6.5 PRIMARY DRAIN ANCILLARY WORKS .....................................................................72

6.6 RAINWATER HARVESTING POTENTIAL ..................................................................72

6.7 DETENTION AND RETENTION STORAGES .............................................................73

6.8 PROPOSED RAINWATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE SYSTEMS .........................74

6.9 FLOW ANALYSIS BEFORE AND AFTER DEVELOPMENT .......................................75

6.10 BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT ...................................................................................75

6.11 SUMMARY OF PROPOSED WORKS.........................................................................76

CHAPTER 7.0 COST ESTIMATES ..................................................................................... 77

7.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................77

7.2 EARTH WORK ............................................................................................................77

7.3 CONCRETE AND ALLIED WORK ..............................................................................78

7.4 ROAD CUTTING AND RESTORATION WORKS ........................................................78

7.5 SAFETY EQUIPMENTS AND O&M EQUIPMENTS ....................................................79

7.6 COST SUMMARY .......................................................................................................79

CHAPTER 8.0 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE AND RECOMMENDATIONS .................. 82

8.1 GENERAL ...................................................................................................................82

8.2 CONTRACT PACKAGING ..........................................................................................82

8.3 CONTRACT APPROACH ...........................................................................................82

8.4 CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT ...................................................................................83

8.5 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE ................................................................................83

CHAPTER 9.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN ................................................ 87

9.1 INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................87

9.2 LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK ..............................................................87

9.3 AIR QUALITY ..............................................................................................................87

9.4 NOISE QUALITY.........................................................................................................89

9.5 WATER QUALITY .......................................................................................................90

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
9.6 LAND ENVIRONMENT ...............................................................................................90

9.7 IMPACTS OF CONSTRUCTION WASTES .................................................................91

9.8 SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACTS FOR PROPOSED PROJECT ....................................91

9.9 POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MATRIX ....................................................91

9.10 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................97

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1-1 AMRUT CITIES IN THE STATE ...................................................................................................... 20

Figure 1-2 LOCATION OF TIRUPATI IN ANDRAPRADESH MAP .................................................................... 21

Figure 1-3 LOCATION OF TIRUPATI CITY...................................................................................................... 22

Figure 1-4 TIRUPATI CITY MAP .................................................................................................................... 22

Figure 2-1 MAJOR ROAD NETWORK IN TIRUPATI ....................................................................................... 27

Figure 2-2 DRAINAGE AREA NOTATIONS IN TIRUPATI ................................................................................ 30

Figure 2-3 EXISTING DRAINAGE NETWORK AND PONDS IN TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION ........... 32

Figure 2-4 SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL IN CHENNAIAHGUNTA CHERUVU ....................................................... 32

Figure 2-5 SLUM – WISE POPULATION AND DENSITY ................................................................................. 35

Figure 2-6 DRAIN CONDITION (KAPILATHEERTHA TO AKKARAMPALLE TANK) ........................................... 37

Figure 2-7 DRAIN CONDITION (KOTTAPALLI TO CHENNAIAHGUNTA TANK)............................................... 38

Figure 2-8 DRAIN CONDITION (KORAMENUGUNTA TO ANNA CHERUVU) ................................................. 39

Figure 2-9 NOTATIONS FOR CATCHMENTS OF EXISTING PRIMARY DRAINS ............................................... 42

Figure 5-1 TEMPORAL VARIATION OF ANNUAL RAINFALL OF TIRUPATI .................................................... 55

Figure 5-2 ANNUAL RAINFALL TREND ......................................................................................................... 55

Figure 5-3 TEMPORAL VARIATION OF MONTHLY RAINFALL ....................................................................... 56

Figure 5-4 LOG-LOG CURVE TO DERIVE CONSTANTS .................................................................................. 59

Figure 5-5 IDF CURVE FOR DIFFERENT FREQUENCY.................................................................................... 61

Figure 6-1 DRAINAGE ZONES FOR TIRUPATI CITY ....................................................................................... 64

Figure 6-2 NOTATIONS FOR ALL THE WATERSHEDS OF TIRUPATI CITY ...................................................... 66

Figure 6-3 PROPOSED PRIMARY DRAINS FOR TIRUPATI CITY ..................................................................... 67

Figure 6-4 LOCATION AND DIMENSION OF WEIR IN THE PRIMARY DRAIN OF ZONE 3 .............................. 71

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
LIST OF TABLES

Table 2-1 EXISTING ROAD DETAILS ............................................................................................................. 26

Table 2-2 EXISTING DRAINAGE DETAILS ...................................................................................................... 30

Table 2-3 WATER BODIES IN AND AROUND TIRUPATI CITY ........................................................................ 31

Table 2-4 FLOOD PRONE AREAS IN TIUPATI CITY ........................................................................................ 33

Table 2-5 SLUM POPULATION IN TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION .................................................... 35

Table 2-6 ADEQUACY ANALYSIS OF DRAIN FROM KORAMENUGUNTA TO ANNA CHERUVU ..................... 41

Table 2-7 ADEQUACY ANALYSIS OF DRAIN FROM KOTTAPALLI TO CHENNAIAHGUNTA ............................ 42

Table 2-8 STATUS OF STORM WATER LEVEL SERVICE LEVELS..................................................................... 44

Table 4-1 PERCENTAGE OF IMPERVIOUSNESS FROM CPHEEO MANUAL ................................................... 49

Table 4-2 COEFFICIENT OF IMPERVIOUSNESS ADOPTED FOR DESIGN ....................................................... 49

Table 4-3 MINIMUM VERTICAL CLEARENCE ADOPTED FROM CPHEEO MANUAL ...................................... 51

Table 5-1 BASIC STATISTICAL PARAMETERS ................................................................................................ 54

Table 5-2 INTENSITIES FOR HOURLY DURATIONS FOR DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES ..................................... 58

Table 5-3 REGRESSION EQUATION FOR DIFFERENT RETURN PERIOD ........................................................ 59

Table 5-4 INTENSITIES FOR SHORT DURATIONS FOR DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES ........................................ 60

Table 5-5 MAXIMUM HOURLY RAINFALL FROM THE ISOPLUVIAL MAP ..................................................... 61

Table 5-6 MAXIMUM DAILY RAINFALL FROM THE ISOPLUVIAL MAP ......................................................... 62

Table 5-7 COMPARISON OF RAINFALL INTENSITY WITH IMD'S ISOPLUVIAL MAPS .................................... 62

Table 6-1 STORM WATER DRAINAGE STUDY ZONES................................................................................... 63

Table 6-2 DETAILS OF STORM WATER DRAINAGE STUDY ZONES OF CITY .................................................. 64

Table 6-3 PARAMETERS OF HYDROLOGICAL ANALYSIS............................................................................... 65

Table 6-4 PARAMETERS OF HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS ..................................................................................... 68

Table 6-5 DETAILS OF THE OUTFALLS OF ALL THE CATCHMENTS ............................................................... 68

Table 6-6 DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-1 .................................................................. 69

Table 6-7 DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-2 .................................................................. 69

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Table 6-8 DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-3 .................................................................. 70

Table 6-9 FLOW DETAILS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-3 ................................................................ 70

Table 6-10 PROPOSED CULVERT DETAILS ................................................................................................... 71

Table 6-11 EXISTING POND USAGE DETAILS ............................................................................................... 73

Table 7-1 SOIL STRATIFICATION .................................................................................................................. 77

Table 7-2 RATES OF EARTHWORK EXCAVATION ......................................................................................... 77

Table 7-3 CONCRETE RATES ........................................................................................................................ 78

Table 7-4 ROAD CUTTING AND RESTORATION RATES ................................................................................ 79

Table 7-5 SUMMARY OF TOTAL COST ......................................................................................................... 80

Table 7-6 Breakup of cost............................................................................................................................ 81

Table 8-1 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE..................................................................................................... 84

Table 8-2 FUNDING PATTERN OF TIRUPATI SWD FOR AMRUT (AS PER APPROVED SAAP 2016-20
PROJECT) ..................................................................................................................................................... 85

Table 8-3 REVISED FUNDING PATTERN OF TIRUPATI SWD FOR AMRUT .................................................... 86

Table 9-1 POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MATRIX ......................................................................... 93

Table 9-2 SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN ............................................................. 94

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURES

ANNEXURE I: IMD's Isopluvial map of India - Hourly Rainfall - 5 Yr frequency


ANNEXURE II: IMD's Isopluvial map of India - Daily Rainfall - 5 Yr frequency
ANNEXURE III: Rainwater harvesting Structure Calculation
ANNEXURE IV: Quantity Estimates and Cost Estimates
ANNEXURE V: Depth to Water level - Pre-monsoon (CGWB map)
ANNEXURE VI: Depth to Water level - Pre-monsoon (CGWB map)
ANNEXURE VII: Structural Design Calculations

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
LIST OF DRAWINGS

Sr. No. DRAWING CODE DRAWING NAME

1 TCE.10282A-AC-1000-GA-30101 Base map

2 TCE.10282A-AC-1000-LU-30103 Land Use map

3 TCE.10282A-CV-3005-GA-30102 Contour map

4 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30104 Zonal map

5 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30105 Catchments and Primary drain

6 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30106 Existing ponds and natural drains

7 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30107 Proposed primary drains

8 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30108 RWH typical section

9 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30109 Typical RC details of drain section

10 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30110 Typical box culvert details

11 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30111 Drain plan and L-section

12 TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30112 Drain cross sections

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

APUFIDC Andhrapradesh Urban Finance and Infrastructure Development


Corporation
AMRUT Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
SAAP State Annual Action Plan
SLIP Service Level Improvement Program
Sq.km Square Kilo meter
PDMC Project Development and Management
TCE TATA Consulting Engineers Limited
DPR Detailed Project Report
km Kilo Meter
NH National Highway
SH State Highway
MSL Mean Sea Level
mm Millimeter
LPA Local Planning Authority
Ha Hectare
SIDCO Small Industries Development Corporation
RAP Resettlement Action Plan
PAP Project Affected People
O&M Operation & Maintenance
ULB Urban Local Body
PSCP Primary Survey Control Points
HDFC Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited
SWD Storm Water Drainage
CC Cement Concrete
RCC Reinforced Cement Concrete
SSR Standard Schedule of rates
IRC Indian road Congress
CPHEEO Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization

BOQ Bill of Quantities

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
IMD Indian Meteorological Department
UTM Universal Traverse Mercator
GTS Great Trigonometric Survey
WGS 84 World Geodetic System-84
GPS Global Positioning system
BM Bench Mark
TOR Terms of Reference
GIS Global Information System
PWD Public Works Department
NGO Non Government Organization
EMP Environment Management Plan
GF Grant Fund
SEC Sensitive environmental components
GoI Government of India
MoEF Ministry of Environment and Forests
CPCB Central Pollution Control Board
SPCB State Pollution Control Board
CRZ Coastal Regulation Zone
MLD Million Litre per Day
STP Sewage Treatment Plant
WTP Water Treatment Plant
CETP Common Effluent Treatment Plant
TMC Tirupati Municipal corporation
EOI Expression of Interest
UGD Under Ground Drainage
OPF Operational Program Formulation
VA Vulnerability Assessment
ESF Environmental and Social Framework
MP Member of Parliament
MLA Member of Legislative Assembly
MLC Member of Legislative Council

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
WBM Water Bound Macadam
WMM Wet Mix Macadam
BT Bituminous
MDR Major District Road
RR Random Rubble
CC Cement Concrete

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In order to rejuvenate and transform Urban India, the Ministry of Urban Development,
Government of India has rolled out the flagship mission of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation
and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). PDMC – Tata Consulting Engineers Ltd have been
engaged by APUFIDC to execute the projects for and on behalf of the Municipalities as
per the guidelines of AMRUT.
The basic objective of the assignment is to provide direct assistance to ULBs/ APUFIDC/
Urban Development Department of the State to ensure the effective coordination and
implementation of the program.

ABOUT TIRUPATI CITY:


Tirupati is a Vibrant Pilgrim town located in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh,
dramatically sited at the foot of bluff red sand stone that marks the Tirumala Hills.
Tirupati is a foothill town of Tirumala hills and the abode of Lord Venkateswara, a pilgrim
place is visited by over 1.8 Crore devotees annually. The major center of all activities in
Tirupati is the historic shrine of Sri Venkateswara lord of seven hills, the shrine is located
at Tirumala a cluster of seven hills , located about 20 kilometers North West of Tirupati at
an elevation of 853 meters (2,799 ft). There is no clear history on the origin of the temple
of Lord Venkateswara, historically site was an established center of Vaishnavism around
5th century A.D but it was maintained and upgraded by various other kingdoms.

Tirupati town itself is focused on the Sri Govindaraja swamy temple (16-17th Century
Temple) with the streets of town laid on the East- West axis, with the temple at the
centre and surrounded by many other important temples. Tirupati Municipal Corporation
(TMC) spreads over an area of 27.44 sq.km consisting of 20 Revenue Wards and 50
Election wards. It has close link to two metros: Chennai and Bangalore at a distance of
150 KMs & 250 KMs. Tirupati is also a centre for business, as there are many villages
located near by it and people come to Tirupati town for business related activities.

TOPOGRAPHY:
Tirupati is located at 13.65°N 79.42°E in the Chittoor District of South Indian State of
Andhra Pradesh. It lies at the foot of Seshachalam Hills of Eastern Ghats which were
formed during Precambrian era. One of its suburb Tirumala which is the home to Sri
Venkateswara Temple is also located within the hills. Tirupati Urban agglomeration is

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
surrounded by Srikalahasti towards east, Puttur towards South, Poothalapattu towards
west and Seshachalam hills towards North. Figure 1-5 shows Tirupati Digital Elevation
Model.

EXISTING DRAINAGE SYSTEM OF CITY:


The road network is well constructed across the Tirupati city with total road length of 290
Kms in the Municipal area of 27.44 Sq.km. This includes 85% of Cement Concrete road,
12% of Bitumen road and 3% of Kutcha road. CC Roads length - 245 Kms, BT Roads
length - 35 Kms, Kutcha Roads length - 10 Kms.

EXISTING PROBLEM OF STORM WATER IN THE CITY:


The Existing drainage system is not well organized even there are some disposals of
storm water in the town. Due to the accumulation of garbage and silt in the drain
obstructs the storm water from free flow during rainy season, since there is no feasibility
for the disposals of storm water, drains are over flowing resulting in inconvenience to the
public and leading to many health problems. Most of the areas are not provided with
proper Drainage facilities while some of the internal roads having drains but not having
regular cleaning of garbage are leading to stagnation and inundation in many areas of
the town creating inconvenience to the public. Around 40 % of town is covered with
drains but there is a necessity of drainage connectivity for these drains. At present there
is no method of collection of wastewater. Wastewater from residential and commercial
and other areas flows hazard into road side open drains which give very pathetic
situation. The runoff from the drains is disposed of directly through pedha kaluva into
Lingalamma and Pana cheruvu.

DISPOSAL OF STORM WATER DRAINAGE:


The Storm water flows from hill side and enters inside the city. Tirupati constitutes 9
ponds which have been used as detention ponds for Storm water flow and also many no.
of retention ponds exist. It can be seen that the primary drains flow from west to east in
Tirupati city and finally reaches Ralla Kaluva.

SURVEY AND INVESTIGATIONS:


Considering priority works due to the flooding issues as per the suggestion of municipal
authorities

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
i) Plan of the Storm Water Drain extending up to 10m from the bank on either side
of the drain including marking of all visible features.
ii) The Longitudinal Sections at every 25 m interval at the centerline of the drain.
iii) The cross-sections at every 25m intervals and the point of change of direction.
iv) In addition, the details of the incoming drains such as section and level of the
bottom of the incoming drain, additional levels at the locations of drops in the bed
of the drains.

PROPOSED DRAINAGE SYSTEM:


Based on the details of the existing drains inside the Tirupati city corporation, at many
places it is observed that, earthen drains have lost its shape and continuity. In the
absence of proper crossings in the earthen drains, mud filling has also been observed.
Apart from the above, the Cement concrete drains are also found to be the place of
dumping and have not been maintained properly. Hence these cement concrete drains
needs silt / debris clearing as an important task in the proposed drainage project. Areas
adjoining to the National Highway require immediate action.
Tirupati City Corporation area is divided into 3 major storm water drainage study zones
and the details are
Zone 1: North east part of Tirupati sloping towards Chennaiahgunta cheruvu.
Drains along Kadapa-Tirupati Road (Near Mangalam & Thimminaudupalem) – Primary
Drain 1, 2, 3, 4
Zone 2: Central and north part including the portion of Kapiltheerthan area sloping
towards Akkarampalle cheruvu and leading towards Chennaiahgunta cheruvu.
Drain near Sujatha Nagar & Karanam Mittoor - Primary Drain 5
Zone 3: North-west and South part of Tirupati sloping towards Koramenugunta
cheruvu and finally reaches Anna cheruvu.
Drain along Chennai-Anantpur highway (Near AutoNagar) - Primary Drain 6 & 7
In zone 1, four drains are newly proposed collecting the 25% of the total discharge of the
city generated.
In zone 2, the existing drain is 4m x 1.5m, which is inadequate and the drain is newly
designed and modified into lined channel.
In zone 3, the Drain 6 is not adequate which has less capacity for the discharge
generated of 34.08 cumecs. Hence, the existing drain is proposed to be modified into
lined drain and allowed to carry 11.8 cumecs. Remaining 22.28 cumecs is proposed to

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
be taken thr the proposed drain. A small retention pond (cheruvu) is proposed and
allowed to flow into existing Anna cheruvu.

SUMMARY OF COST ESTIMATES (in Lakhs):

Sr. Item Drain Drain Drain Drain Drain 5 Drain Drain Total cost
No. 1 2 3 4 6 7
1 Earthwork 8.47 15.62 11.03 11.81 77.89 41.60 24.46 190.87
Excavation
2 Cutting road 0.12 0.21 0.16 0.22 0.41 0.23 0.07 1.42
surface
3 Rubble and 2.25 3.35 2.00 2.82 17.26 6.38 2.68 36.75
sand filling
4 PCC 10.58 24.99 14.36 15.18 94.80 71.29 31.25 262.45

5 RCC 67.34 124.64 73.85 89.80 610.10 330.93 124.81 1421.46

6 Reinforcement 47.87 88.61 52.49 63.79 434.38 235.56 88.89 1011.59


steel bars
7 Weep holes 1.44 2.88 1.24 1.75 4.70 3.00 1.67 16.69

8 Road 1.32 2.41 1.85 2.52 4.63 2.59 0.82 16.13


Restoration
9 Fencing 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 129.95 0.00 129.95
Sub Total 139.37 262.72 156.98 187.89 1244.16 821.52 274.66 3087.30

10 Rainwater harvesting structure 153.96


Total Project Cost (Base cost)
3241.27

ABSTRACT OF CAPITAL INVESTMENTS (in Lakhs):

Sr. No. Description Amount

1 Project Cost (Base cost) 3241.27


2 Provision for CST at 4% 129.65
3 Provision for VAT at 5% 162.06
4 Provision for Labour Cess at 1% 32.41
5 Provision for Contingencies at 1% 32.41
Total Project Cost (Overall cost) 3598

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Note- As per the SLIP document, the length of 5.13 Km with the budget of Rs 10.3 Cr is
approved for storm drainage system. However considering the site conditions, the above
cost is worked out. Based on the priority the components can be taken up considering
the fund allocation.

FUNDING PATTERN OF TIRUPATI SWD FOR AMRUT (AS PER APPROVED SAAP
2016-20 PROJECTS) (in Cr):

Sr. Name of Project Total Approved Share


No. SAAP Project Cost GOI State ULB Total
1 SWD (FY 2016-17) 3.42 1.71 0.68 1.03 3.42
2 SWD (FY 2017-18) 6.88 3.44 1.38 2.06 6.88
Total (in Cr) 10.3 5.15 2.06 3.09 10.3
SWD – Storm Water Drainage
REVISED FUNDING PATTERN OF TIRUPATI SWD FOR AMRUT (in Cr):

Sr. Name of Total Share Grand


No Project Approv total
ed GOI State ULB Project
SAAP (B) (C) Approved Additional Inadmis Total Cost
Project SAAP Project sible (G) = (B+C+
cost (D) cost (E) Project (D+E+ G)
cost (F) F)
1 SWD (FY 3.42 1.71 0.68 1.04 7.33 1.19 9.57 11.96
2016-17)
2 SWD (FY 6.88 3.44 1.38 2.07 14.73 2.39 19.20 24.02
2017-18)
Total (in Cr) 10.30 5.15 2.06 3.12 22.07 3.59 28.77 35.98
SWD – Storm Water Drainage

BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT:


The benefits from this project are listed below:
 Suitable provisions to avoid solid waste entry into the drains have been made in
the designs and cost estimations accordingly in-terms of silt traps and primary
drain fencing. This provides clear passage of water during a rainy day and helps
in mitigation of floods to an extent.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
 Diversions of waste water have been suggested; this together with the curb on
solid waste dumping will avoid stagnation of water to an extent. This will help in
curbing water borne diseases and malaria diseases to an extent.
 Flooding will be mitigated to a large extent which can provide improved life of the
nearby residents.
 Water bodies would be free from contaminates water; hence can be used for
recreational purpose.
 Mixing of storm water drains with waste water and municipal supply water and
vice versa can be avoided to a large extent.

18
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND

Tirupati is a major pilgrimage and cultural city in the Chittoor district of Andhra
Pradesh. It is considered as one of the richest pilgrimage cities of any religious faith
in the world. Tirupati is the largest city in the Royalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh
and also the 3rd largest city in Andhra Pradesh next to Vishakhapatnam and
Vijayawada. Tirupati city is situated in between 13.65°North Longitude 79.42°East
Longitude. Tirupati Municipality was established long back at 1st April 1886, and was
upgraded to Municipal Corporation on 02.03.2007. The area of the Municipal
Corporation is 27.44 sq.kms. It is located at the foot hills of the Eastern Ghats, 65
kilometers from district head quarters Chittoor,150 kilometers from Chennai,250
kilometers from Bangalore and 550 kilometers from Hyderabad. The population of the
city including newly merged areas, according to last census of 2011 is 3, 74,260.

1.2 GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT CITY

Tirupati is a Vibrant Pilgrim town located in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh,


dramatically sited at the foot of bluff red sand stone that marks the Tirumala Hills.
Tirupati is a foothill town of Tirumala hills and the abode of Lord Venkateswara, a pilgrim
place is visited by over 1.8 Crore devotees annually. The major center of all activities in
Tirupati is the historic shrine of Sri Venkateswara lord of seven hills, the shrine is located
at Tirumala a cluster of seven hills , located about 20 kilometers North West of Tirupati at
an elevation of 853 meters (2,799 ft). There is no clear history on the origin of the temple
of Lord Venkateswara, historically site was an established center of Vaishnavism around
5th century A.D but it was maintained and upgraded by various other kingdoms. The
Tirupati City has been shortlisted by Ministry of Urban Development as one of the 100
smart cities in India. The Tirupati Municipal Corporation is preparing the smart city
proposals that will provide smart and innovative solution to the urban infrastructure
issues. In order to prepare smart city proposals the citizens of Tirupati city and other
citizens are requested to post their views and opinion how services being provided by
Tirupati Municipal Corporation pertaining to city basic infrastructure such as water
supply, sanitation, solid waste management, underground drainage, storm water
drainage, housing, amenities related to recreational activities and non motorized

19
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
transport, security etc., it is to essential to frame the vision of Tirupati city and to get
short listed to the smart city challenge where 20 cities will be selected in the first year.

Figure 1-1 AMRUT CITIES IN THE STATE

Tirupati town itself is focused on the Sri Govindaraja swamy temple (16-17th Century
Temple) with the streets of town laid on the East- West axis, with the temple at the
centre and surrounded by many other important temples. Tirupati Municipal Corporation
(TMC) spreads over an area of 27.44 sq.km consisting of 20 Revenue Wards and 50
Election wards. It has close link to two metros: Chennai and Bangalore at a distance of
150 KMs & 250 KMs. Tirupati is also a centre for business, as there are many villages
located near by it and people come to Tirupati town for business related activities. Figure
1-1 shows AMRUT cities in the State. Figure 1-2 and 1-3 shows the location of Tirupati
city. Figure 1-4 shows Tirupati City Map.

20
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Figure 1-2 LOCATION OF TIRUPATI IN ANDRAPRADESH MAP

21
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Figure 1-3 LOCATION OF TIRUPATI CITY

Figure 1-4 TIRUPATI CITY MAP

22
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF PROJECT
The AMRUT builds on the available data, information and plans on water supply
and sewerage with the States/ULBs. If we take the zone as the basic unit to
assess existing levels of coverage of water supply and sewerage, the number of
households in the zone having water tap/sewerage connections and those not
having will be taken from the Census (2011) or the baseline survey done by the
MoUD (No new baseline survey is envisaged and the State/ULB should accept
/endorse the earlier baseline). The zone-wise gaps will be added to arrive at the
service level gap in water supply and sewerage in the ULB. In the same way the
service level gaps in the storm water drainage is assessed by the Tirupati
Municipal Corporation and the storm water drainage is considered for the State
Annual Action Plan (SAAP) 2016-20.
Based on the SAAP, following fund allocation is proposed for Tirupati city.
Name of the Work - Primary Storm water Drainage in Tirupati City.
FY 2016-17 - 3.42 Crs.
FY 2017-18 - 6.88 Crs.

The present status of Coverage of Storm water drainage network is 40% and needs
immediate action and the present status of Incidence of sewerage mixing in the drains is
nearly 60% and it requires immediate action, present status of Incidence of water logging
is nearly 30% needs immediate action.
At present the storm water is draining off into two different disposal locations.The
Malvanigundam major drain covering the areas of NGO colony, Varadaraja Nagar,
Yasodha Nagar, Sundaraiah Nagar, Bhavani Nagar,Ashok Nagar, Korlagunta, Maruthi
nagar finally to Ralla Kaluva.The major drain from covering the areas of Kaplatheertham
to sivajyothi nagar, Yerramitta, Subash Nagar, Subbareddy nagar finally to disposal
point. The major drain from covering the areas of MR palli, Bairagipatteda, SBI colony,
STV Nagar, Venkat reddy colony, Lakshmipuram circle, Kenedy nagar, Jayanagar,
Koramenugunta, Postal colony finally to disposal at koremenugunta cheruvu. The
capacity of the above drains is in-sufficient and they are overflowing at peak flow
conditions and these conditions can be avoided by diverting into the decentralized zones
of the area.

23
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
1.4 PROJECT AREA
The core area of Tirupati town is 27.44 Sqkms.. The highest elevation is located at the
northern part of Tirupati. Hence the storm water generated will be flowing from the hill
region to the Ralla kaluva which is located at the east p
part
rt of Tirupati. This area
constitutes many no. of ponds connected b
byy natural drains. The entire area is divided
into three zones based on the topography
topography.

1.5 TOPOGRAPHY
Tirupati is located at 13.65°N 79.42°E in the Chittoor District of South Indian State of
Andhra Pradesh.. It lies at the foot of Seshachalam Hills of Eastern Ghats which were
formed during Precambrian era. One of its suburb Tirumala which is the home to Sri
Venkateswara Temple is also located within the hills. Tirupati Urban agglomeration is
surrounded by Srikalahasti towards east, Puttur towards South,
uth, Poothalapattu towards
west and Seshachalam hills towards North. Figure 1-5
5 shows Tirupati Digital Elevation
Model.

Figure 1-5
5 TIRUPATI DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL
The topography of the Town is sloping towards East from West and North West part
of the city. The minimum elevation is 113.99m and Maximum elevation is 690.75m.
690.75m

1.6 CLIMATE AND RAINFALL


The climate of Tirupati city in generally dry and salubrious, April and May are the hottest
months and the hot winds generally last till the end of June. As the Bay of Bengal is at a
24
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
distance of 100 kms from the city, the sea breeze renders the climate of the city
moderate both in winter and in summer. The hottest day falls in May with some shift to
June during some years. The coolest day falls between the months of December and
February. Winds are from west and North-West during this season. This city and region
depends mainly on the North-East monsoon. The North-East monsoon occurs along the
East Coast of India during the month of October and continues till December. This period
gives about 60% annual rainfall. The annual average rainfall is 1056mm.

1.7 AUTHORISATION
As the Tirupati Municipal Corporation do not have adequate capacity to execute the
projects, Public Health & Municipal Engineering Department will execute the projects for
on behalf of the Tirupati Municipal Corporation. A tripartite Memorandum of
Understanding (MoU) amongst the Andhra Pradesh State Government, the Public Health
& Municipal Engineering Department and Tirupati Municipal Corporation will be entered.
The Tirupati Municipal Corporation will maintain and upkeep the created assets. The
APUFIDC will act as the Mission Directorate and PDMC will be providing end to end
support.

25
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 2.0 EXISTING STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM

2.1 INTRODUCTION
The Existing drainage system is not well organized even there are some disposals of
storm water in the town. Due to the accumulation of garbage and silt in the drain
obstructs the storm water from free flow during rainy season, since there is no proper
disposals of storm water, drains are over flowing resulting in inconvenience to the public
and leading to many health problems. Most of the areas are not provided with proper
Drainage facilities while some of the internal roads having drains but not having regular
cleaning of garbage are leading to stagnation and inundation in many areas of the town
creating inconvenience to the public. At present there is no method of collection of
wastewater. Wastewater from residential and commercial and other areas flows hazard
into road side open drains which give very pathetic situation. The runoff from the drains
is disposed of directly through pedha kaluva into Lingalamma and Pana cheruvu.

2.2 EXISTING ROAD DETAILS


The road network is well constructed across the Tirupati city with total road length of 290
Kms in the Municipal area of 27.44 Sq.km. This includes 85% of Cement Concrete road,
12% of Bitumen road and 3% of Kutcha road. Table 2-1 shows the details of existing
road details of Tirupati.

Table 2-1 EXISTING ROAD DETAILS


Sr. Road Category Length of Road
No. (in Km)
1 CC Roads 245

2 BT Roads 35

3 WBM/Metal Roads 0

4 Kutcha Roads 10

Total 290
Source: Tirupati Municipal Council

26
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Figure 2-1 MAJOR ROAD NETWORK IN TIRUPATI
The National highways passing through Tirupati are, National Highway 71 which
connects Madanapalle and Nayudupeta, National Highway 140 connecting Tirupati with
Puthalapattu. NH-71 passes through the city towards Bengaluru. Figure no. 2-1 shows
the Major road network in Tirupati.

2.3 EXISTING STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM


Storm water drainage basins are established primarily on the basis of topographical
features with adjustments for road network, railway tracks etc., in order to obtain
maximum advantage of the topography in collection and conveyance of storm water. The
most suitable storm water drainage layout is planned in line with basin considerations.
The system is to ensure totality of the system, minimum number of crossings through
physical bathers and maximum utilization of the terrain characteristics apart from
system efficiency and economy.

27
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
The existing storm water drainage system has been thoroughly studied and the
characteristics of existing drains and corresponding drainage basins are briefly
described below.
The following are identified as the drains (including primary and secondary) to carry
storm runoff.
SWD from Srikrishna Nagar (A) to Koramenu gunta (B): (A-B)
The drain starts at Srikrishna Nagar, a residential colony: of West of Tirupati, runs for
a length of 4.467 km and culminates Koramenugunta of N-W of Tirupati. It has a
drainage area of 212.63 ha. While major part of the drainage area is of residential in
nature; near the tail end of the drain, the drainage area is an open land. The basin is
found to slope towards East from West with an average slope of about 1 in 310.
SWD from Bairagipatteda (C) to Sankarambadi Statue (E): (C-E)
The drain takes off, collecting storm water from Bairagipatteda, a fully developed
residential colony of South of Tirupati, spans over a length of 1.369 km and finally joins
another drain (D-E-F-H) at Sankarambadi Statue. The drainage basin of the drain
extends over an area of 62.43 ha and is of residential nature. The average slope of the
basin is about 1 in 250.
SWD from Prakasam Nagar (D) to Gollavani gunta (H): (D-E-F-H)
The drain of length 7.106 km extending over a drainage area of 560.64 ha, starts from
Prakasam Nagar, a semi-residential area of west of Tirupati and joins Gollavanigunta, a
tank located on the eastern side of Tirupati. While major part of the drainage basin is of
open land in nature, some part of the basin is of highly developed residential area. It
slopes towards East from West with an average slope of about 1 in 110.
SWD from SVU Guest House (I) to Sankarambadi Statue (E) :( I-J-E)
The drain starts at SVU Guest House and Red buildings, a residential colony of west of
Tirupati, runs for a length of 4.660 km and culminates at Sankarambadi Statue. It drains
an area of 537.85 ha. Major part of' the drainage area is of residential in nature. In
general, the basin is found to slope towards East from West. The average slope of the
basin is about 1 in 185.
SWD from Sanskrit Vidyapeet (K) to Court Backyard (J): (K-L-J)
The drain takes off, collecting storm water from the catchment of Sanskrit Vidyapeet,
a fully developed residential colony of West of Tirupati, runs for length of 1.371 km
and finally joins another drain (I-J-E) at Court Backyard. The drainage basin extends
over an area of 71.10 ha and is of residential nature. Basin slopes at about 1 in 60 on
an average.
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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
SWD from Alipiri (M) to Kalyani Theatre Junction (L): (M-L)
The drain of length 2.340 km covering a drainage area of 213.88 ha, starts from Alipiri,
a semi-residential area of North of Tirupati and ends at Kalyani Theatre Junction.
Major part of the drainage basin is of highly developed residential area. It slopes
towards South from North with an average slope of about 1 in 60.
SWD from Vivekananda Statue (N) to TTD Administrative Block (Q) (N-P-Q)
The drain starts at Vivekananda Statue runs for a length of 1.143 km and culminates
at TTD Administrative Block covering a drainage area of 27.14 ha. Major part of the
drainage area is of residential in nature. The basin is found to slope from North to
South with an average slope of about 1 in 50.
SWD in from Chenna Reddy Colony (R) to Public Health Office (P): (R-P).
The drain takes off, collecting storm water from Chenna Reddy Colony, a fully developed
residential area of North of Tirupati, runs for a length of 0.482 km and finally joins
another drain (N-P-Q) at Public Health Office. The drainage basin extends over an area
of 25 ha and is of residential nature with an average slope of about 1 in 90.
SWD from Kapilatheertham (S) to Subash Nagar (T): (S-T)
The drain of length 2.098 km covering a drainage area of 575.41 ha, starts from
pushkarini of Kapilatheertham, North of Tirupati and ends in Subash Nagar, semi-
residential area on the eastern side of Tirupati; while the major part of the drainage
basin is of open land in nature. Some part of the basin is of highly developed
residential area. It slopes towards East from North with an average slope of about 1
in 70.
SWD from Green Park Apartments (U) to Chennaiah gunta (W) (U-V-W)
The drain takes off, collecting storm water from Green Park Apartments, a fully
developed residential colony of South of Tirupati Railway Station spans over a length
of 2.800 km and finally joins Chennaiahgunta. The drainage basin extends over an
area of 229.47 ha and is of semi-residential in nature. The average slope of the basin
is about 1 in 250.
SWD from TMR Kalyana Mandapam (X) to Naidu Buildings (V) (X-Y-V)
The drain of length 0.858 km covering a drainage area of 135.44 ha, starts from TMR
Kalyanamandapam which is a fully developed residential area of East of Tirupati and
ends at Naidu Buildings before it joins another drain (U-V-W). While major part of the
drainage basin is of Open land in nature. A portion of the basin is of highly developed
residential area. It slopes towards South from North with an average slope of about 1 in

29
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
275. The basin characteristics are summarized in Table 2
2-2. Figure 2-2 show drainage
area notations in Tirupati..

Figure 2-2 DRAINAGE AREA NOTATIONS IN TIRUPATI

Table 2-2 EXISTING DRAINAGE DETAILS


Sr. Location of Length Drainage Average Average
No. Drain (in m ) area Ground Existing Drain
(in ha) Slope Bed Slope
(1 in) (1 in)
1 A-B 4467 212.63 310 310
2 C-E 1369 62.43 250 250
3 D-E-F-H 7106 560.64 110 135
4 I-J-E 4660 537.85 185 185
5 K-L-J 1371 71.10 60 65
6 M-L 2340 213.88 60 60
7 N-P-Q 1143 27.14 50 50
8 R-P 482 25.00 90 80
9 S-T 2098 575.41 70 70
10 U-V-W 2800 229.47 250 250
11 X-Y-V 858 135.44 275 300
12 Z-Y 423 20.09 80 60
29117 2671.08

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
SWD from Ashok Nagar (Z) to Korlagunta Municipal High School (Y) (Z-Y)
The drain starts at Ashok Nagar, a residential colony of Tirupati, runs for a length of
0.42 km and culminates into another drain (X-Y-Z) at Municipal High School located
in Korlagunta. It drains an area of 20.09 ha. Major part of the drainage area is of
residential in nature. The basin is found to slope towards South. The average slope
of the basin is about 1 in 80.

2.4 EXISTING PONDS/ LAKES/ STRUCTURES-CHECK DAMS


There are plenty of existing tanks in Tirupati. Few tanks are basically for the irrigation
purpose. However due to the storage, the water is getting percolated in the ground and
recharging is talking place in the area. Table 2-3 shows the details of Water bodies in
and around Tirupati city. Figure 2-3 shows existing drainage network and ponds in
Tirupati Municipal Corporation. Figure 2-4 shows Solid waste disposal in
Chennaiahgunta Cheruvu.

Table 2-3 WATER BODIES IN AND AROUND TIRUPATI CITY


Sr. Name of tank Water Capacity FTL TBL Length Length
No. Spread of tank of of weir
area of at FTL Bund (in m)
tank (in MCft) (in m)
(in ha)
1 Lingalamma/ 15.4 13.80 100 101.8 1100 25
Akkarampalle
tank
2 Settipalli tank 30.7 22.13 100 101.8 1500 28
3 Anna Cheruvu 23.5 8.45 100 101.8 1100 20.5
4 Chennaiahgunta 14.7 9.13 100 101.0 1050 30
tank
5 Konka 19.8 1.71 100 101.0 500 -
Chennaiahgunta
6 Pan Cheruvu 12.3 11.43 132.9 134.3 1050 9.5
7 Koramenigunta 9.50 1.83 100 101.0 1100 -
8 Mangalam tank 16.6 10.30 100 101.8 1300 34
Total 142.5 78.78

31
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Figure 2-3 EXISTING DRAINAGE NETWORK AND PONDS IN TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL
CORPORATION

Figure 2-4 SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL IN CHENNAIAHGUNTA CHERUVU

The tank is basically for the irrigation purpose. The Lingalamma tank and Shettipalli are
the Minor Irrigation tanks. Due to the storage, the water is getting percolated in the

32
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ground and recharging is talking place in the area. Following are the tank details. The
Lingalamma tank, Pan Cheruvu and Koramenugunta gunta tank has 2 sluices based on
Tirupati urban Mandal details.
2.5 EXISTING FLOOD PRONE AREAS
The Tirupati City is usually receives heavy rainfall during the months of November
and December due to south-east monsoon. It is understood from the authorities that
the channels eliminating from tanks flows towards East side of city and joins the Ralla
Kaluva.
Main areas of town prone to flooding are Sanjay Gandhi colony, Korlagunta Maruti
Nagar, Subhash Nagar, Kothapalli, Yerukula colony, Ashok Nagar, Sundaraiah Nagar,
Sapthagiri Nagar, Koramenigunta, N.G.O. colony, Lakshmipuram, Indira Nagar &
Kummarathopu. The frequency of flooding is once in three years causing 20% of the
roads getting damaged. Table 2-4 shows Flood prone areas in Tiupati city.
The Key issues for flooding in the above mentioned areas are
o Open drains are not lined in most of the places
o Improper maintenance
o Improper disposal and treatment
o Lack of integrated drainage plan
o Encroachments resulting in flooding

Table 2-4 FLOOD PRONE AREAS IN TIUPATI CITY


Sr. No. Location Stretch Affected Reason

1 Tirumala Byepass near 200m It is a underground storm


Vihas Hotel water drain
2 Near Thambavanigunta 250m Due to insufficient vent
municipal school way at culvert
shivajyotinanagar
3 Yarramitta 50 Due to insufficient vent
way at culvert
4 Near venktagiri school 200 The Existing drain
Rajeevnagar became narrow
5 Near RTC Bus stand 100 Clogging of drains due to
debris and solid waste
6 Bhavani nagar circle 50 Clogging of drains due to
debris and solid waste

33
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
2.6 EXISTING SLUM DETAILS
Tirupati municipality is characterized by a very significant presence of the urban poor.
There are 42 slums in Tirupati spread across the entire city area of 16.07 sq. Km. They
are scattered across different wards and have increased over the years. There are
79,971 slum people in Tirupati, according to Census 2001 constituting 35% of the
total population of the city. This is much higher than the percentage of poor in the
state and the country, which stand at 32.2 % and 23.1% respectively. Spread of slums
across the city is contributing to unhygienic environment in terms of cleanliness,
drainage, water stagnation, presence of vectors, etc., which increases vulnerability
towards deceases. Living conditions of the poor have consistently deteriorated due to
several factors like environmental decline, inadequate environmental infrastructure and
basic services.
Poor settlement of Korlagunta is the biggest slum in Tirupati in terms of population with
about 8500, and Poolathota, Kummarathopu, New Indira Nagar, Pedda Harijanawada,
Suraiah Katta and Ashok Nagar have been identified as denser slums. They over
crowded, reflect unhygienic environment, proliferation of vector-born-deceases due to
stagnation of drainage water, provide favorable conditions to the spread of diseases, etc.
This has very serious consequences to the city with very high floating population visiting
as tourists or pilgrims. If the slums are not developed in a planned way, it impacts the
pilgrim and tourist population affecting the economy of the city and the region as a
whole. Slum-wise population and density are presented in Figure 2-5.

34
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Slum Population & Density
9000 14000
8000 Population
12000
7000
Population Density 10000
6000
5000 8000
4000 6000

Population Density
Population

3000
4000
2000
1000 2000
0 0

Giripuram
Kothapalli

Gandhipuram
Sapthagiri Nagar

Poola Thota
Chintalachenu

New Indira Nagar

Singalagunta
Mallaiahgunta Katta

Bhagat Singh Colony


Pachigunta

Sanjeevaiah Colony
Sanjeevaiah Colony

Chinnagunta
Murikineela Gunta

Bommagunta
Ramakrishna puram
Kummarathopu
Parvathipuram
Nehru Nagar
Dasarimatam

Ambedkar Society Colony


Yerramitta

Tataiah Gunta

Pedda Harijanawada

Lenin Nagar
Uppanki Harijanwada
Laxmipuram

S.T.V. Nagar

Chenna Reddy Colony


Haridwar Colony
Sivajyothi Nagar

Scavengres City
Suraiah Katta

Ashok Nagar

Yashoda Nagar

Indira Nagar
Yerukula Colony
Sanjay Gandhi Colony
Chandrashekhar Reddy Colony

Ambedkhar Colony
Korlagunta Maruthi Nagar

Name of Slums

Figure 2-5 SLUM – WISE POPULATION AND DENSITY


Source: Multi Purpose Household Survey-2001

There is a significant variation in the slum population figures of different sources and the
population below poverty line, resulting in unclear picture. According to census 2001
the slum population is 79,971 (17,640 households) in Tirupati constituting 35.04 % of
the city population. But the recent figures of 2006 available with Tirupati municipality
indicate that the slum population is 94,057. According to Multi Purpose Household
Survey-2001, the BPL population is only 46,290 spread across the city and 42 slums
constituting 25.42% of the total population.
Slum population and BPL population of the surveys is given table 2-5.

Table 2-5 SLUM POPULATION IN TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION


BPL % of BPL BPL Slum % of Slum Slum HHs
Population Population HHs Population Population
46,290 25.42 8483 79,971 35.04 17,640
Source: Multi Purpose Household Survey-2001 and Census 2001

2.7 ONGOING PROJECTS


Based on the information received from corporation, it is understood that there are no
ongoing projects for improvement of storm water drainage system in the city.

35
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
2.8 CONDITION OF THE EXISTING STORM WATER DRAINS
Basically all the drains in the city are open drains. At many places the drains are in
dilapidated stage. It is noticed that the present drains are constructed for the local
condition and without any consideration for overall topography of the region or zone
or for carrying the full discharge of the rainy season.
During reconnaissance survey and subsequent discussions with TMC engineers, the
below listed critical low lying areas have been identified and reasons for flooding in
this areas have been understood. Possible remedial measures required to resolve
the problems in these areas will be suggested in the DPR.
Reconnaissance survey was carried out for the below primary drains and condition
for the same is understood.
1. Kapilatheertha(13.65293N,79.42554E) to Akkarampalle(13.65293N,79.42554E)
2. Kottapalli(13.63530N,79.44099E) to Chennaiahgunta tank(13.64883N,79.46715E)
3. Koramenugunta(13.63530N,79.44099E) to Anna Cheruvu(13.64883N,79.46715E)

2.9 REASONS FOR FLOODING


Primary drain from Kapilatheertha Koneru to Akkarampalle tank
 Drain width is drastically reduced.
 Few patches of drain are destructed.
 Existing vent size culvert and pipe culverts are inadequate to carry discharge
 Large quantity of debris being dumped into drain.
 Large scale dumping of garbage and street sweeping into storm water drain is
Observed
 Dense vegetation growth noticed in main drain
 Few patches of drain are partially silted.
 Figure 2-6 shows drain Condition (Kapilatheertha to Akkarampalle tank)

36
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Dense vegetation growth noticed Few patches of drain are destructed

Existing pipe culverts is inadequate Debris being dumped into drain


Figure 2-6 DRAIN CONDITION (KAPILATHEERTHA TO AKKARAMPALLE TANK)

Primary drain from Kottapalli to Chennaiahgunta tank


 Sewer pipe obstructing the drain flow
 Solid waste mixing with the Drain in many patches
 Large quantity of debris being dumped into drain.
 Few patches of drain are partially silted.
 Stagnant flow due to improper slope.
 Vegetation growth noticed in few patches
 Few patches of drain are destructed.
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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
 Figure 2-7 shows drain condition (from Kottapalli to Chennaiahgunta tank)

Sewer pipe obstructing the drain flow Solid waste mixing with the Drain

Drain is partially silted Stagnant flow due to improper slope


Figure 2-7 DRAIN CONDITION (KOTTAPALLI TO CHENNAIAHGUNTA TANK)

Primary drain from Koramenugunta to Anna Cheruvu


 Drain width is drastically reduced.
 Few patches of drain are destructed.
 Existing vent size culvert and pipe culverts are inadequate to carry discharge

38
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
 Large quantity of debris being dumped into drain.
 Large scale dumping of garbage and street sweeping into storm water drain is
observed.
 Dense vegetation growth noticed in main drain
 Few patches of drain are partially silted.
 Figure 2-8 shows Drain Condition (from Koramenugunta to Anna Cheruvu)

Pipe culvert is inadequate Drain full of Solid waste

Existing vent size 2m x 1.5m culvert is Obstruction of flow due to Solid waste
inadequate disposal
Figure 2-8 DRAIN CONDITION (KORAMENUGUNTA TO ANNA CHERUVU)

39
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
2.10 DISPOSAL OF STORM WATER DRAINAGE
The Storm water flows from hill side and enters inside the city. Tirupati constitutes 9
ponds which have been used as detention ponds for Storm water flow and also many no.
of retention ponds exist. It can be seen that the primary drains flow from west to east in
Tirupati city and finally reaches Ralla Kaluva.

2.11 ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM


There are following inputs involved in carrying out adequacy analysis of Tirupati
Primary drains.

Rainfall data:-
Rainfall data in the form of Intensity-Duration- Frequency (IDF) Curves.:- As per the
information received from the Indian Meteorological Department, Pune the raw rainfall
data is processed to get IDF curve constants. The detail report of rainfall analysis is
attached separately with this report. The results of rainfall analysis in the form of IDF
curve constants for return periods in consideration are used to get rainfall intensity in
mm/hr.

Land use Analysis:-


Based on the natural topography of the project area, the entire area is divided in micro
catchments. These micro-catchments are further classified as per their land use pattern.
Each land use pattern with specific % of imperviousness is super- imposed on micro
catchment. The final weighted imperviousness is evaluated for each micro catchment.
The results of land use analysis are attached separately with this report. Terrain slope,
terrain travel time and terrain physical characteristics are evaluated for each micro
catchment and used in the adequacy analysis.

Existing site condition:-


As per the Reconnaissance survey from site the state of each drain is analyzed carefully.
This included the drain bed and side condition such as siltation, vegetation growth etc.
The adequacy analysis results are presented in table 2-6. Figure 2-9 shows Notations for
catchments and cross sections of existing primary drains. Table 2-7 shows Adequacy
analysis of primary drain from Kottapalli to Chennaiahgunta tank. Drain

40
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Table 2-6 ADEQUACY ANALYSIS OF DRAIN FROM KORAMENUGUNTA TO ANNA
CHERUVU
Primary drain from Koramenugunta
Parameters Unit (13.635300,79.440990) to Anna Cheruvu
(13.648837,79.467151)
Catchment names C2 C4 C1,C2 C5

Nodes - from 13 14 15 16

Nodes - to 14 15 16 O3

Catchment area ha 602.04 42.85 396.24 4.41

Length of drain m 1723.00 132.30 553.90 134.20


Coefficient of
0.63 0.58 0.63 0.48
Runoff
Return Period 5 Years
Time of
Min 107.65 108.65 117.16 117.75
Concentration
Rainfall Intensity mm/hr 39.00 38.50 37.00 36.50
Discharge
m3/s 41.09 2.66 25.66 0.21
generated
Cumulative Q m3/s 41.09 43.75 69.40 69.62

Bed width m 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0

Water depth m 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Slope 492 265 1108 89


Manning’s
0.025 0.025 0.025 0.025
Coefficient
Existing flow
m/s 1.63 2.22 1.08 3.82
velocity
Velocity Check OK OK OK OK
Drain discharge
m3/s 9.76 13.31 6.51 22.90
capacity
Hydraulic capacity Not Not Not Not
check Adequate Adequate Adequate Adequate

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Figure 2-9 NOTATIONS FOR CATCHMENTS OF EXISTING PRIMARY DRAINS

Table 2-7 ADEQUACY ANALYSIS OF DRAIN FROM KOTTAPALLI TO CHENNAIAHGUNTA


Parameters Unit Primary drain from
Kottapalli(13.635300,79.440990) to
Chennaiahgunta tank(13.648837,79.467151)
Catchment names A1, A3, B1, B2 B3 B4
Nodes - from 10 11 12
Nodes - to 11 12 O2
Catchment area ha 773.79 202.48 46.62
Length of drain m 1955.30 351.00 1639.90
Coefficient of Runoff 0.61 0.59 0.56
Return Period 5 Years Return Period
Time of
Min 102.50 104.31 147.68
Concentration
Rainfall Intensity mm/hr 39.50 39.20 35.33
Discharge generated m3/s 51.79 13.01 2.56
Cumulative Q m3/s 51.79 64.80 67.36
Bed width m 4.0 4.0 4.0
Water depth m 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slope 1080 126 3280
Manning’s Coefficient 0.025 0.025 0.025
Existing flow velocity m/s 1.10 3.22 0.63
Velocity Check OK OK OK
Drain discharge
m3/s 6.59 19.31 3.78
capacity
Hydraulic capacity
Not Adequate Not Adequate Not Adequate
check

42
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ADEQUACY OF DRAIN ALONG KADAPA-TIRUPATI ROAD
There is no primary drain along Kadapa-Tirupati road. There are some secondary drain
along Kadapa-Tirupati road which has section width only about 0.6 m; which is very less
to carry the flow from considerable catchment area of about 400 Ha. Also at some
locations drain is not present. Hence it is clearly understood that this drain is Not
Adequate.

2.12 PROJECT OBJECTIVE


A Complete urban storm water drainage system can optimally and economically
developed when proper collection and disposal of storm water. The Main objectives
of providing storm water drainage system are
 Identifying the priority Primary drains and design of the same
 To check the adequacy of Primary drains and suggestions for the improvements
 Preparation of Detailed Project Report

2.13 SCOPE OF WORK


Following is the broad scope of work for Implementation and to work in close liaison
with the town:
 Review of existing system, survey of the existing drain sizes, catchment areas, location,
etc.
 Establish design principles and prepare options
 Select options, priorities and cost interventions
 Identification of main storm water drainage issues and location of inundation, location of
main/primary drains and outfalls
 Identification of physical constraints to the existing storm water drainage i.e.
encroachments into storm water drainage channels, nuisance of solid waste dumping,
natural and human made obstructions
 Identification of catchment boundaries and sub boundaries for the basins and sub basins
including any area beyond Corporation boundary
 To carry out survey of an existing primary drains and establish the existing drainage
system on plan if existing survey data is not available. The survey work shall cover the
existing details such as width of drain, depth of drain, invert level of drain, details of road
crossing, vent size, alignment of drain etc.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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 The scope of work includes the preparation of DPR for the Major drains/Primary drains
for an approximate length of around 13.2 Km as per the SAAP 2016-2021.
 Preparation of cost estimates
 Design and DPR preparation
 Procurement and construction supervision of projects under the program
2.14 DATA COLLECTION
Following is the list of data collected from Tirupati municipal corporation officials and
various organizations by the PDMC to carry out the study:
i. City Development plan
ii. Land use map
iii. Topographical Survey map
iv. Base map
v. Existing Drainage map

2.15 SERVICE LEVEL BENCH MARK-STORM WATER DRAINAGE – EXISTING


Comparative information of service levels (in tabulated form) with respect to the service
level bench marks prescribed by MoUD and sustainable standards for service levels
under the National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH) are shown in table 2-8 below.
Table 2-8 STATUS OF STORM WATER LEVEL SERVICE LEVELS
Sr. Indicators Sustainable Black Red Present
No. standards (Caution for (Immediate Status
improvement) action for
improvement)
1 Coverage of 100% <75% <50% 40%
Storm water
drainage network
2 Incidence of 0% <25% <50% 60%
sewerage mixing
in the drains1
3 Incidence of water 0% <25% <50% 30%
logging 2

1 - Incidence of sewerage mixing in the drains is ratio of no of households


discharging wastewater directly into the drains to the total no of households.
2 - No of times water logging is reported in a year, at flood prone points in the city

44
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 3.0 FIELD INVESTIGATIONS AND SURVEYS

3.1 GENERAL
Topographic survey using total station equipment will have to be carried out in different
towns of Andhra Pradesh. The survey area consists of the existing urban spread and the
surrounding area that constitute of the project area. The geodetic survey at each town
would be done.

3.2 TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY


Before commencing the Survey, Pairs of Primary Survey Control Points (PSCP) shall be
fixed approximately (to suit the site conditions) at 5 KM interval by static method. Each
point should cover a radius of 2.5 km.
The PSCPs shall be established at such a location so that it may not disturbed by local
people. Also, these Points shall be established in such a way that further surveys can be
carried out in the same coordinate system.
Once the fixing and marking of PSCP completed in the field, the Differential Global
Positioning System (DGPS) survey shall be commenced using differential GPS with multi
frequency receivers by static method. The observation by DGPS at the PSCP will be
done for a period of 2 hours for tracking the signals from the satellite. The accuracy of
network adjustment will be 1: 2,00,000.
The topographical survey shall be carried out with reference to ITRF/WGS84 and
UTM/TM co- ordinate system.
DGNSS/DGPS field survey shall be conducted with unobstructed view of the sky for at
least 15 degrees or greater above the horizon.
After completion of DGPS, control leveling shall be carried out. Temporary Bench Mark
(TBM) shall be established within each town and connecting all the PSCPs For the
purpose of height control. PWD or Survey of India Benchmarks/Reference Bench mark
will be used for starting and closing of level lines.
A closed circuit leveling will be run along the major roads. The closing error on a level
circuit shall not exceed in in mm, where K is distance in km. The closing error shall be
distributed to all the PSCPs/ Benchmarks in network. In case the closing error is more
than the above-specified limit, the control leveling shall be repeated.

45
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Topographic Survey of Major Storm Water Drains
Generally storm water drains of width more than 1m shall be surveyed. The storm water
drains to be actually surveyed will be shown to the surveyor at site. With the objective of
engineering design, detailed topographic survey has to be carried out for all storm water
drains broadly covering the following:
(i) Plan of the Storm Water Drain extending up to 10m from the bank on either side of the
drain including marking of all visible features.
(ii) The Longitudinal Sections have to be taken at every 25 m interval at the centerline of
the drain.
(iii) The cross-sections have to be taken at every 25m intervals and at the point of
change of direction.
(iv) In addition, the details of the incoming drains such as section and level of the bottom
of the incoming drain will have to be shown. Additional levels will have to be taken at the
locations of drops in the bed of the drains.
Cross-section and L -section intervals will be suitably modified at curves
(vi) In every cross-section, the points going to be covered are for defining the centerline,
edge of the drain, top of the drain and shoulder of the drain. In case 3m clear width is not
available on either side of the drain, the property limits and type of structures will have to
be marked and cross-section carried out up to that. The HFL of the water bodies at the
outfall points shall also be captured.
(vii) The deliverables are L/S, Plan and C/S of Storm Water Drains
- The Plan and L/S shall be plotted at 1:1000 horizontal and 1:100 vertical scales
- The C/S shall be plotted at 1:75 horizontal and 1:75 vertical scales

3.3 GEOTECHNICAL/ HYDROGEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS


Now a days, surface runoff is found increased due to reduction of percolation of water
into the ground due to urbanization. Government is keen to take-up the works related to
rainwater harvesting to recharge more water into the subsurface. To quantify the amount
of water to be recharged into the ground, investigations are required to be carried out.
The investigations are called as hydro geological investigations.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 4.0 SYSTEM PLANNING /DESIGN CRITERIA

4.1 GENERAL
The Design Approach is based on the thorough understanding of the scope of work as
per the Terms of Reference. A Comprehensive Methodology is proposed to carryout
various tasks to meet the objectives of the present project. The design approach is used
to facilitate the frame work for the formulation of the design report. Methodology is the
systematic work procedure which defines the key tasks to be executed for the
completion of the project.

4.2 COMPUTATION OF DESIGN FLOWS


Basis of estimation design runoff of a town storm water drainage system is that, it is the
part of the rainfall that reaches the drains depending on the ratio of the impervious to the
relatively absorbent surface, the intensity and duration of rainfall, the character, shape,
and the slope of the drainage area, and other considerations.

4.3 FREQUENCY OF STORMS


The frequency of storm for which the drainage system is to be designed, depends on the
importance of the area to be drained. The commercial and industrial areas have to be
subjected to less frequent flooding. CPHEEO “Manual on Sewerage and Sewage
Treatment” (Second edition), Ministry of Urban Development, New Delhi – December
1993 has suggested the following frequency of flooding in the different areas for the
design of storm water drains.
1. Peripheral areas : twice a year
2. Central and comparatively high Priced areas: once a year
3. Commercial and high priced areas : once in 2 years

Return Period
The Return period or the frequency of storm for which the drainage system is to be
designed mainly depends upon the importance of the area. Higher the Return period,
higher the intensity of rainfall and higher the sizes of drain section to take care of the
intense flows and vice versa for lesser return period.
Considering the status of the project area and availability of space for constructing the
drains, the return period of once in five year is adopted for the design.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
4.4 TIME OF CONCENTRATION
Time of concentration is made up of inlet time, the period required to establish run-off
and for water to flow from the most distant point in the drainage area to the drain, and
time of flow in the drain. The latter is readily estimated by hydraulic computations. Inlet
time is sometimes the most important factor in determining the probable run-off
particularly in small districts or in fairly large districts with steep slopes.
Time of concentration (Tc) is computed for each catchment to calculate the intensity of
rainfall for that catchment. The initial time of concentration calculated based on Kirpich
formula.

Ti = 0.0078 (L)^0.77/s^0.385
where L - Flow length in feet and
s - Slope of catchment

Ti = 0.01947 (L^3/H)^0.385
where L - Flow length in m and
H= Elevation difference between catchment start point & drain inlet in m.

For the present project time of concentration for every catchment is given in the basic
parameters of Designs.

4.5 COEFFICIENT OF RUN-OFF


The runoff coefficient (C) represents the integrated effects of infiltration, evaporation,
retention, flow routing and interception; all of which affect the time distribution and peak
rate of run-off. The run-off coefficient is the variable of Rational Method least susceptible
to precise determination and requires judgment and understanding on the part of the
designer. While engineering judgment will always be required in the selection of run-off
coefficients, a typical coefficient represents the integrated effects of many drainage basin
parameters. The coefficient for various surface areas can be used to develop a
composite value for a different land use.
The coefficient of run-off (C) in the drainage system mainly depends on imperviousness
of the catchment area and shape of tributary apart from the duration of storm. The
imperviousness varies according to the characteristics of the catchment viz. type of soils,
type of developments (residential, commercial, industrial) etc. The run-off coefficient (C)

48
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
is a dimensionless decimal value that estimates the decimal portion of rainfall that
becomes run-off.

Imperviousness
The percentage of drainage area can be obtained from the records of a particular
drainage basin or district. In the absence of such data, standards prescribed by
CPHEEO manual can be followed. Table 4-1 shows percentage of Imperviousness from
CPHEEO manual.

Table 4-1 PERCENTAGE OF IMPERVIOUSNESS FROM CPHEEO MANUAL


Percentage of
Type of Area
Imperviousness
(a) Commercial and Industrial Area 70 to 90
(b) Residential Area
(i) High Density 60 to 75
(ii) Low Density 35 to 60
(c) Parks & Undeveloped areas 10 to 20

Based on the above, adopted coefficient of imperviousness for various land use of this
project is given in the designs Volume. Table 4-2 shows Coefficient of Imperviousness
adopted for design.

Table 4-2 COEFFICIENT OF IMPERVIOUSNESS ADOPTED FOR DESIGN


Sr. No. Coefficient of
Parameters
Imperviousness
1 Commercial and Industrial area 0.8
2 Residential area 0.6
3 Parks & Undeveloped areas including
0.15
agricultural areas

Hence, 'C' is taken from the Horner's Runoff coefficients table, for individual % of
Imperviousness of the particular catchment using the land use map of city.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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4.6 HYDRAULIC DESIGNS
It is a universally accepted practice to design storm water drains as open channels. The
most common and widely used formula for computing open channel flow is “Manning’s
Formula”.

Manning’s Formula:
Drainage sections are calculated using Manning’s Flow-Friction formula given in Para
3.4.2 of CPHEEO Manual on Sewerage & Sewage Treatment, which is as under.

Where,
V = Velocity of flow in m/sec
n = Manning’s co-efficient of roughness
R = Hydraulic radius in m
S = Slope of hydraulic gradient
Q = Discharge / carrying capacity in cumecs
A = Cross sectional area of drain
Manning's Coefficient of roughness plays an important role in offering resistance for the
liquid to flow on its surface. N values for common materials used in storm water drains
as given in CPHEEO Manual Table 3.4. In this project the proposed drains are RCC and
PCC and the Manning's Coefficient of roughness taken as 0.015.

4.7 MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM VELOCITIES


Continuity Equation, Q = A V serves as a velocity check for channel lining
Where, Q = Flow discharge
A = Cross-section area of channel (drain)
While designing storm water drains, it is to be ensured that a minimum velocity is
maintained in the drains even during minimum flow conditions and at the same time
velocity should not be excessive to cause erosion. CPHEEO Manual recommends
maintaining a minimum velocity of 0.6 m/s while not exceeding 3.0 m/s.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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4.8 FREE BOARD
In general a free board of 0.15 m is provided to accommodate afflux for drains having
depth upto 1.0m and above 1m depth 0.20m free board is provided as per CPHEEO
Manual. However at the location of bridges and culverts the recommendations of IRC SP
13 can be followed. Following are the criteria as far as span and vertical clearance
Table 4-3 shows Minimum Vertical clearance adopted from CPHEEO manual
Table 4-3 MINIMUM VERTICAL CLEARENCE ADOPTED FROM CPHEEO MANUAL
Discharge in Cum/Sec Minimum Vertical clearance
(freeboard) in mm
Upto 0.3 150
Above 0.3 and upto 3.0 450
Above 3.0 and upto 30 600
Above 30 and upto 300 900
Above 300 and upto 3000 1200

Adequacy Analysis
Selection of Design Nodes
Apart from the `Nodes’ selected for computation of design flood at strategic points,
additional nodes are selected for performing adequacy analysis of existing sections and
preparing improvement proposals to pass the design flood without causing overland
flooding.
These nodes are selected at the following locations.
 Cross drainage works
 Change in nature of drain i.e. natural to built up section and vice versa.
 Change in size of cross section
 Sudden change in bed slope
Each `Node’ is assigned with an identification number given in the direction of flow
Estimation of Flood for Intermediate Nodes
The estimated flood values for intermediate nodes are calculated proportional to the
length of the segment. In this manner the estimate design flood values for all nodes is
determined. These are included in the `Hydraulic Design Sheets’.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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4.9 DRAIN SECTIONS
Rectangular RCC drains have been proposed keeping in view the space constraint and
stability of structure.

4.10 MATERIAL SELECTION


Factors influencing the selection of materials for storm water drain constructions are flow
characteristics availability in the sizes required and ease of handling and installation,
water tightness, feasible strength, resistance scour, durability and cost including handling
and installations.
Following types of materials are mostly used for storm water drains:
 Brick Work
 Cast-in-Situ Reinforced Concrete
Brick Masonry
Brick work is used for construction of storm water drains. Brick drains will have cement
concrete or stone for invert and 12.5mm thick cement plaster with neat finish for the
remaining surface. Because of the comparatively higher cost, larger space requirement,
slower progress of work and other factors, Brick is now used for storm water drain
construction only in special cases. The advantage of brickwork drain is that this can be
constructed to any required shape and size.
Cast-in-Situ Reinforced Concrete
Cast-in-Situ reinforced concrete drains are constructed where they are more economical,
or when non-standard sections are required, when a special shape is required or when
the headroom and working space are limited. The drain shape will be of an economic
design, easy to construct and maintain and will have good hydraulic characteristics. All
form work for concrete drains should be unyielding and tight and should produce a
smooth interior. Collapsible steel forms will produce the desirable drain surface and may
be used when the drain size and length justify the expense.
Storm water Drainage System Plan/Concept Plan
System planning involves the assessment of the performance of the existing storm water
drainage system within a catchment and the design of a new or upgraded system to
allow for the impact of new development within the catchment and/or to assess the
necessity and feasibility of bringing the flood protection. Catchments of Tirupati vary
considerably from rural areas with natural watercourses to old, highly congested,
intensively developed urban areas and, particularly for large scale or strategic system

52
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
planning, it is important to fully investigate and validate the adoption of the criteria,
parameters. After a detailed analysis of all the characteristics of a catchment and the
performance of the drainage systems, TCE may propose alternatives to the guidelines to
suit particular circumstances. However the adoption of any such alternatives shall be
fully justified. Considerations on this issue may include proper analyses conducted on
risk assessment; consequences of flooding including risk to life and limb; potential
disruption to the community of major new works and the cost/benefit of new works. The
storm water drainage system is so planned that the excess flow generated due to
development and the flow before development shall be managed by routing through on
site rainwater harvesting system. This will act as environmental friendly system by
improving the local groundwater table, controlling the flood on the downstream.

53
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 5.0 RAINFALL ANALYSIS

5.1 GENERAL
For the project area Maximum annual daily rainfall data from 1989 to 2012 of
Srikalahasti rain gauge station which is at a distant of 40 KM from Tirupati city is
considered for the IDF generation and Monthly rainfall data from 1979 to 2013 of Tirupati
is considered for Basic statistical tests due to the non-availability of the short duration heavy
rainfall data. The data is obtained from the respective Municipal office.

5.2 RAINFALL DATA


For estimation of runoff especially for urban areas short duration rainfalls are necessary.
However especially in developing countries like India, availability of short duration
rainfalls is scarce and data available is mostly for daily rainfall data. In the absence of
short duration rainfall data, the Gumbel’s method is adopted instead of Step method.
Based on the available rainfall data basic statistical tests were conducted. The results
obtained from the test are represented below. Table 5-1 shows Basic statistical
parameters
Table 5-1 BASIC STATISTICAL PARAMETERS
Sr. Basic statistical parameters Values
No.
1 Mean 1056.44

2 Standard Deviation 251.26

3 Coefficient of Variation 0.238

4 Skewness coefficient 0.965

5 Kurtosis coefficient 1.352

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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TEMPORAL VARIATION OF ANNUAL RAINFALL
2000.0
Total Annual Rainfall
1800.0
Total Annual Rainfall (in mm)
1600.0
1400.0
1200.0
1000.0
800.0
600.0
400.0
200.0
0.0
1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013
Period (in years)

Figure 5-1 TEMPORAL VARIATION OF ANNUAL RAINFALL OF TIRUPATI

Annual Rainfall is observed in the range of 716.2mm to 1824.1mm. The variation of


temporal rainfall is insignificant and shows the increasing trend. Monthly rainfall variation
is well distributed temporally from May to December which indicates less possibility of
direct flood effect to the city. Figure 5-1 shows temporal variation of Annual Rainfall of
Tirupati. Figure 5-2 shows Annual Rainfall trend. Figure 5-3 shows temporal variation of
Monthly rainfall.

ANNUAL RAINFALL TREND


2000.0
1800.0
Total Annual Rainfall (in mm)

1600.0 Total Annual Rainfall


1400.0
1200.0
1000.0
800.0
600.0
400.0
200.0
0.0

Period (in years)

Figure 5-2 ANNUAL RAINFALL TREND

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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TEMPORAL VARIATION OF MONTHLY RAINFALL

250.0
Monthly Average Rainfall
Total Annual Rainfall (in mm)
200.0

150.0

100.0

50.0

0.0
jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec
Period (in years)

Figure 5-3 TEMPORAL VARIATION OF MONTHLY RAINFALL

5.3 IDF CURVES


Procedure to be followed when only daily rainfall data are available is summarized as
given below:
1. Collect the Maximum value for each year, which forms an annual series of 24 hrs
maximum rainfall values.
2. Convert the maximum values series into shorter durations (1hr, 2hr, 3hr, 12hr)
using IMD’s reduction formula.
Pt = P24 (t / 24)1/3

3. Use commonly used frequency distribution functions for the prediction of extreme
values such as
Gumbel’s Extreme – Value distribution (EV-1).
Log-Pearson Type-III distribution
Log Normal Distribution.
4. Calculate the mean precipitation (Pm) & Standard deviation (s) for each series.
5. From the above, calculate the values of location (u) and scale parameters.

∝= s

u= Pm - 0.5772α
π

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6. Then the rainfall series will be ranked in increasing order of magnitude and find out
the plotting positions. For this analysis the unbiased plotting position for Gumbel
(EV1) distribution, developed by Gringorten was used. Plotting Position (Fi) &
reduced variate (Yi).
.
Yi = -ln (-ln (Fi))
.

7. Calculate the Precipitation by using the EV-1 distribution plot. Pi = u + Yi for each
hour.
8. Plot a Graph between Yi & Pi and P (observed).
9. Calculate the Extreme Rainfall depth for a specific return period(Tr) by using EV-1
frequency factor (Kr)
Pd = Pm + (Kr) s
Where Pm= Mean Precipitation in ‘mm’, s = Std. dev.
Kr = - (Sqrt(6)/3.14) * [ 0.5772 + Ln(-Ln(1- 1/Tr ))]

10. Calculate the Mean intensity Im= (P/duration) mm/hr.


11. The inter dependency of Intensity-Duration-Return period commonly expressed as
I = C(T)m / (t)n = a / (t)n.
Whereas T= return period, t = duration of the Storm, C, m, n are regional
parameters
12. The maximum yearly precipitation in mm is calculated from the daily hourly rainfall
data.
13. The maximum value is deduced in to shorter duration of 1hr, 2hr, 3hr .etc using
IMD 1/3rd rule.
14. By using the common frequency distribution for determination of extreme values is
Gumbel’s Extreme – Value distribution (EV-1)
15. Let us consider the 1hr duration rainfall for which the standard deviation(s) and
Mean precipitation (Pm) are calculated.
16. By using Standard deviation(s) and mean precipitation (Pm) the values of location
(u) and scale parameter (α) are calculated using the equation 1hr rainfall series is
ranked in increasing order of magnitude to find out the Plotting positions.
17. For this analysis the unbiased plotting position for Gumbel (EV1) distribution,
developed by Gringorten was used. Plotting Position (Fi) & reduced variate (Yi).

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Table 5-2 shows Intensities for hourly durations for different frequencies. Figure 5-4
shows Log-Log curve to derive constants. Table 5-3 shows Regression equation for
different return period. Table 5-4 Intensities for short durations for different frequencies
Figure 5-5 shows IDF curve for different frequency.

Table 5-2 INTENSITIES FOR HOURLY DURATIONS FOR DIFFERENT


FREQUENCIES

Intensity in "mm/hr"
Duration 1-Year 2-Year 5-Year 10-Year 50-Year 100-Year
in "Hrs" Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency
1 38.53 43.63 59.4 69.8 92.7 102.4

2 24.28 27.48 37.4 44.0 58.4 64.5

3 18.53 20.97 28.5 33.6 44.6 49.2

4 15.29 17.31 23.6 27.7 36.8 40.7

5 13.18 14.92 20.3 23.9 31.7 35.0

6 11.67 13.21 18.0 21.1 28.1 31.0

7 10.53 11.92 16.2 19.1 25.3 28.0

8 9.63 10.91 14.8 17.4 23.2 25.6

9 8.91 10.08 13.7 16.1 21.4 23.7

10 8.30 9.40 12.8 15.0 20.0 22.1

11 7.79 8.82 12.0 14.1 18.7 20.7

12 7.35 8.32 11.3 13.3 17.7 19.5

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Log Log Sheet
Intensity Duration of Rain Storm
1000.00

100.00
Intensity (mm/hr)

10.00

1.00
1 10 100
Duration ( in Hrs)

Figure 5-4 LOG-LOG CURVE TO DERIVE CONSTANTS

From the graph, n=0.667


To obtain the values of C & m, derived values of 'a' are plotted on log-log Scale against
corresponding recurrence intervals.

Table 5-3 REGRESSION EQUATION FOR DIFFERENT RETURN PERIOD


Return
Equation R2 a
period
1 y = 38.534 x-0.667 1 38.534

2 y = 43.625 x-0.667 1 43.625

5 y = 59.369 x-0.667 1 59.369

10 y = 69.793 x-0.667 1 69.793

50 y = 92.735 x-0.667 1 92.735

100 y = 102.430 x-0.667 1 102.430

a= log C + m log T
From graph, value of C =39.564 M= 0.217

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Table 5-4 INTENSITIES FOR SHORT DURATIONS FOR DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES

Intensity duration for different return periods

t in Intensities in mm / hr
"min" 3-months 6-months 1-Yr 2-Yr 5-Yr 10-Yr 50-Yr 100-Yr
5 153.63 178.56 207.55 241.23 294.30 342.07 485.05 563.79
10 96.76 112.46 130.72 151.93 185.35 215.44 305.49 355.08
15 73.83 85.81 99.74 115.93 141.43 164.39 233.10 270.94
20 60.94 70.83 82.33 95.69 116.74 135.69 192.41 223.64
25 52.51 61.03 70.94 82.46 100.60 116.92 165.80 192.71
30 46.50 54.05 62.82 73.01 89.08 103.54 146.81 170.64
35 41.96 48.77 56.68 65.88 80.37 93.42 132.47 153.97
40 38.38 44.61 51.85 60.27 73.52 85.46 121.18 140.85
45 35.48 41.24 47.93 55.71 67.97 79.00 112.02 130.21
50 33.07 38.44 44.68 51.93 63.36 73.64 104.42 121.37
55 31.04 36.07 41.93 48.73 59.45 69.10 97.99 113.90
60 29.29 34.04 39.56 45.99 56.10 65.21 92.46 107.47
80 24.17 28.10 32.66 37.96 46.31 53.82 76.32 88.71
100 20.83 24.21 28.14 32.71 39.90 46.38 65.77 76.44
120 18.44 21.44 24.92 28.96 35.33 41.07 58.24 67.69

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IDF Curves
600.00

100-Yr
500.00 50-Yr
10-Yr
400.00 5-Yr
INTENSITY ( mm/Hr)

2-Yr
300.00

200.00

100.00

0.00
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
DURATION ( in Min )

Figure 5-5 IDF CURVE FOR DIFFERENT FREQUENCY

5.4 ISOPLUVIAL MAP


Two different Isopluvial maps viz., Maximum Hourly Rainfall map and Maximum Daily
Rainfall map are considered for the comparison. Both are attached as Annexure I and
Annexure II respectively.
Maximum Hourly Rainfall map:
Maximum Hourly Rainfall contours issued by Indian Meteorological Department are
shown in annexure I. The location is marked by Geo referencing method using Quantum
GIS. As per the map, The Rainfall obtained is 5.5 cm/hr or 55mm/hr for 5 year frequency.
Table 5-5 shows Maximum Hourly Rainfall obtained for Tirupati from the Isopluvial map.

Table 5-5 MAXIMUM HOURLY RAINFALL FROM THE ISOPLUVIAL MAP

Return Period Rainfall depth obtained from Rainfall depth obtained


(years) map (in cm/hr) from map (in mm/hr)

2 4.3 43
5 5.5 55

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Maximum Daily Rainfall map:
Maximum Daily Rainfall contours issued by Indian Meteorological Department is shown
in annexure II. The location is marked by Geo referencing method using Quantum GIS.
As per the map, The Rainfall obtained is 160 mm/day for 5 year frequency. Table 5-6
shows Maximum Daily Rainfall obtained for Tirupati from the
Isopluvial map.
As per IMD 1/3 Rule, hourly precipitation is calculated.

Table 5-6 MAXIMUM DAILY RAINFALL FROM THE ISOPLUVIAL MAP


Return Rainfall depth Rainfall depth
Period obtained from map calculated (in
(years) (in mm/day) mm/hr)
2 130 45.07

5 160 55.47

5.5 DESIGN RAINFALL VALUES


Intensity Duration Frequency curve have been generated using Gumbel’s method and
compared with Isopluvial Maps obtained from IMD department for 2-year and 5 year
return period and the results are represented in the table 5-7.

Table 5-7 COMPARISON OF RAINFALL INTENSITY WITH IMD'S ISOPLUVIAL MAPS

Rainfall Depth based on different methods (in mm/hr)


Return Period Isopluvial Map - Isopluvial Map -
(years) IDF-Gumbel
Maximum Hourly Maximum Daily
method
Rainfall map Rainfall map
2
(for secondary
45.99 43.0 45.07
and tertiary
drains)
5
(for primary 56.10 55.0 55.47
drains)

Rainfall intensity generated from IDF curves is very close to the Rainfall values obtained
from the Isopluvial maps. Hence the Rainfall intensity is considered from the IDF curve
based on the time of concentration of each individual catchment is considered for the
design of Strom water drainage.

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CHAPTER 6.0 PROPOSED SYSTEM

6.1 INTRODUCTION
This chapter describes the design of drains of Primary drain in the Tirupati city
Corporation area.

6.2 STUDY ZONES


The contributory area for different reaches of the drains has been demarcated as shown
in the drawing No TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30104
This has been marked based on the actual contour survey carried out for the project
area. The drainage pattern/topography of the city has been verified during field visits
along with the details and conditions of the existing drains.
The details of the existing drains inside the Tirupati city corporation area are provided in
drawing No TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30106. At many places it is observed that,
earthen drains have lost its shape and continuity. In the absence of proper crossings in
the earthen drains, mud filling has also been observed. Apart from the above, the
Cement concrete drains are also found to be the place of dumping and have not been
maintained properly. Hence these cement concrete drains needs silt / debris clearing as
an important task in the proposed drainage project. Areas adjoining to the National
Highway require immediate action. Tirupati City Corporation area is divided into 3 major
storm water drainage study zones and the details have been provided in the table no. 6-
1. Figure 6-1 shows drainage zones for Tirupati city.
Table 6-1 STORM WATER DRAINAGE STUDY ZONES

ZONE Watershed
Description
NO area (ha)
North east part of tirupati sloping towards Chennaiahgunta
898.58
1 cheruvu.
Central and north part including the portion of
1502.05 Kapiltheerthan area sloping towards Akkarampalle
2
cheruvu and leading towards Chennaiahgunta cheruvu.
North-west and South part of Tirupati sloping towards
1751.52 Koramenugunta cheruvu and finally reaches Anna
3
cheruvu

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Table 6-2 DETAILS OF STORM WATER DRAINAGE STUDY ZONES OF CITY

Figure 6-1 DRAINAGE ZONES FOR TIRUPATI CITY

6.3 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PRIMARY DRAINS


Even though the primary drains receives flow during monsoon, the drains are flooded /
overtopped during rainy season in recent years, this may be due to the change in the
land use, change in the rainfall pattern and reduction in carrying capacity of drains due to
dumping of solid wastes, vegetation growths, silting up of the beds and encroachments
of bank of major drains / Nalas.
The consultants had studied the terrain details from Google data for Tirupati and
adjacent areas, and also with the surveyed topographical maps for the Tirupati Municipal
Corporation; catchment for each primary stream was marked. The catchment boundary
of the primary drains has been provided as drawing No TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-
30105.
The existing Land use details for the Tirupati Municipal Corporation was analyzed using
Tirupati Land use map – obtained from City Development Plan, published in year 2006
and has been used to arrive at the probable run off co-efficient for the calculations of
discharges in the primary drains.
The analysis and adequacy check of the primary drains has been carried out, and results
ended with inadequate capacity of the existing drains.
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Hydrological analysis
The catchment area is delineated in each zone based on ground profile. The quantity of
storm water generated in various catchment area and zones are then demarcated in the
Storm CAD software. The runoff generated in catchment area will be collected in
proposed drains. Each stretch of proposed drain is designed in such a manner that it will
receive storm water from the defined catchment. The length of catchment is taken
from farthest point of catchment area up-to the collection point for calculating initial time
of concentration using Kirpich’s equation.
The highest and lowest ground level in each catchment is taken to get the slope of
catchment. Drainage modeling and designs have been carried using the storm CAD
Software. From the IDF curve, Rainfall intensity is obtained for each catchment,
which depends on the rainfall duration will be equal to time of concentration. Table
6-2 shows parameters of Hydrological analysis.

Table 6-3 PARAMETERS OF HYDROLOGICAL ANALYSIS


Time of Discharge
Water Runoff
Zone Concentration generated
Label shed Area coefficient
no. tc Q
(ha) C
(min) (in cumecs)
A1 113.98 0.44 37.56 5.81

A2 141.88 0.24 22.85 4.78

A3 96.45 0.43 28.21 5.83

A4 55.56 0.32 18.18 3.37

Zone - 1 A5 26.86 0.35 13.4 2.20

A6 282.47 0.24 22.13 11.23

A7 75.31 0.33 10.48 6.79

A8 47.98 0.34 12.26 4.07

A9 58.09 0.34 12.5 4.86

B1 90.88 0.32 44.33 2.18

B2 615.45 0.61 72.82 28.20

Zone - 2 B3 343.19 0.59 75.15 14.86

B4 83.24 0.56 72.83 3.50

B5 305.64 0.28 30.74 6.43

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Time of Discharge
Water Runoff
Zone Concentration generated
Label shed Area coefficient
no. tc Q
(ha) C
(min) (in cumecs)
B6 63.65 0.46 33.92 2.20

C1 87.47 0.37 69.47 1.87

C2 577.58 0.63 106.9 21.02

Zone - 3 C3 1003.40 0.6 110.26 34.08

C4 73.88 0.58 70.29 3.30

C5 9.20 0.48 31.81 0.57

The Watershed area has been delineated based on the topography ridges and valleys of
Tirupati city and divided into 3 Major SWD study zones and further divided into
watersheds. The details of all the micro watershed has been presented in the table no. 6-
2
The notations for all the watersheds are shown in the figure 6-2.

Figure 6-2 NOTATIONS FOR ALL THE WATERSHEDS OF TIRUPATI CITY


Hydraulic Analysis

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The size of proposed drain for each zone is worked out using manning’s formula. The
storm water runoff which reaches the drain is estimated using rational formula. The
cross-sections of new drains proposed are given in the drawing No. TCE.10282A-CV-
3019-SW-30109 and TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30119.
All possible efforts have been made for the integration of the existing drains in the
project area.The structural designs of drains and culverts have been carried out based
on the IRC load classification and the required dimensions have been arrived along with
the structural reinforcement details. Table 6-3 shows Parameters of Hydraulic analysis.
Figure 6.3 shows proposed primary drains for Tirupati city. Table shows Parameters of
Hydraulic analysis.

Primary Drain 1, 2, 3, 4 - Drains along Kadapa-Tirupati Road (Near Mangalam &


Thimminaudupalem)
Primary Drain 5 - Drain near Sujatha Nagar & Karanam Mittoor
Primary Drain 6 & 7 - Drain along Chennai-Anantpur highway (Near AutoNagar)
Figure 6-3 PROPOSED PRIMARY DRAINS FOR TIRUPATI CITY

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Table 6-4 PARAMETERS OF HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS
Start End Drain Size (m)
Drain No. Chainage Chainage Width / Span Depth Length
m m m m m
Drain 1A 275 375 1.50 1.00 100
Drain 1B 375 1411 1.75 1.50 1036
Drain 2A 0 1500 2.00 1.00 1500
Drain 2B 1500 2287 2.30 1.00 787
Drain 3 0 988 2.80 1.50 988
Drain 4 0 1390 2.00 1.50 1390
Drain 5A 0 2725 4.50 2.50 2725
Drain 5B 2725 3735 7.50 2.50 1010
Drain 6A 195 1713 4.00 1.50 1518
Drain 6B 1713 2575 10.50 2.00 862
Drain 7A 0 376 5.00 1.50 376
Drain 7B 0 947 5.00 1.50 947
Note:
 Drains along Kadapa-Tirupati Road (Near Mangalam & Thimminaudupalem) –
Primary Drain 1, 2, 3 & 4.
 Drains near Sujatha Nagar & Karanam Mittoor - Primary Drain 5
 Drains along Chennai-Anantpur highway (Near AutoNagar) - Primary Drain 6 & 7

The outfall of these drains is generally made to the natural Nalas / streams/ ponds
present inside the project area. However in some cases due to the topography, out falls
have been provided in the low lying areas where there are generally agricultural fields.
These out falls have been critically reviewed. Details of the outfalls of all the catchments
have been provided in the Table 6-4.

Table 6-5 DETAILS OF THE OUTFALLS OF ALL THE CATCHMENTS


Contributing Discharge
Outlet Inlet
Drains Outlet name Catchments at outlet
code GL (m)
codes codes (cumecs)
Akkarampalle
O-1a Drain 1 A1,A2,A3 139.00 13.60
cheruvu
Chennaiahagunta
O-1b Drain 2 A4,A5 131.00 4.05
Cheruvu

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Contributing Discharge
Outlet Inlet
Drains Outlet name Catchments at outlet
code GL (m)
codes codes (cumecs)
Chennaiahagunta
O-1c Drain 3 A6,A7 132.00 14.56
Cheruvu
Chennaiahagunta
O-1d Drain 4 A8,A9 125.00 7.11
Cheruvu
Chennaiahagunta
O-2 Drain 5 B1,B2,B3,B,B5,B6 128.00 49.63
Cheruvu
O-3 Drain 6 Anna Cheruvu C1,C2,C3,C4,C5 129.00 54.04
Proposed drains
For Zone 1, 2 & 3 Total length of proposed drain is 13.2 Km.
Zone 1
In zone 1, four drains are newly proposed collecting the 25% of the total discharge of the
city generated. This zone is not completely developed and consists of large open area.
The sizes of the drains are designed accordingly and tabulated in the table no. 6-5.
Table 6-6 DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-1

Reaches (in m)
Start of Size of drain proposed
Drain no. End of reach
reach (in m)

275 375 1.5 x 1.3


Drain 1
375 1411 1.75 x 1.8

0 1500 2 x 1.3
Drain 2
1500 2287 2.3 x 1.3

Drain 3 0 988 2.8 x 1.8

Drain 4 0 1390 2 x 1.8

Zone 2
In zone 2, the existing drain is 4m x 1.5m, which is inadequate and the drain is newly
designed and modified into lined canal. The sizes of the drains are designed accordingly
and tabulated in the table no. 6-6.

Table 6-7 DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-2


Reach(in m) Size of drain proposed
Drain no.
Start of reach End of reach (in m)
Drain 5 0 2725 4.5 x 2.8
(Modified) 2725 3735 7.5 x 2.8

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Zone 3
In zone 3, the Drain 6 is not adequate which has less capacity for the discharge
generated of 34.08 cumecs. Hence, the existing drain is modified into lined drain and
allowed to carry 11.8 cumecs. Remaining 22.28 cumecs was allowed to flow through a
proposed drain and it is retained in a proposed cheruvu and allowed to flow into existing
Anna cheruvu. In order to bifurcate the flow a diversion structure is proposed at the
starting point of the drain 6. The height of the diversion structure comes out to be 1m
based on the Discharge proportional and thickness adopted is 300mm based on the
structural design. The sizes of the drains are designed accordingly and tabulated in the
table no. 6-7. The Discharge and Velocity details of the proposed drain are tabulated in
the table no. 6-8.

Table 6-8 DIMENSIONS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-3

Reach(in m) Size of drain proposed


Drain no.
Start of reach End of reach (in m)
Drain 6 195 1713 4.0 x 1.8
(Modified) 1713 2575 10.5 x 2.3
Drain 7 0 376 5.0 x 1.8
(newly proposed) 0 947 5.0 x 1.8

Table 6-9 FLOW DETAILS OF THE PROPOSED DRAIN OF ZONE-3


Requirements for the Modified Proposed
Discharge generated drain drain
Discharge Q
34.08 11.8 22.28
(m3/s)
Velocity V
2.99 2.54 2.99
(m/s)

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Figure 6-4 LOCATION AND DIMENSION OF WEIR IN THE PRIMARY DRAIN OF
ZONE 3
Proposed Culverts
Required culvert sizes are worked out from required discharge at particular culvert. From
this study it is observed that, the existing culvert sizes are too small to carry these
discharges. Hence new culverts are proposed along proposed drains. New culverts are
required to be constructed by dismantling existing culverts. Proposed culvert numbers &
sizes are given in below table.
Table 6-10 PROPOSED CULVERT DETAILS
Culvert Length Culvert Size
Drain No.

Cell Nos
Culvert

Culvert

Culvert

X Span

Depth
Total
10m

20m
5m

Nos Nos Nos m m


Drain 1A 1.00 1.00 1 x 1.5 1.30
Drain 1B 3.00 3.00 1.00 1 x 1.75 1.80
Drain 2A 4.00 7.00 1x2 1.30
Drain 2B 3.00 1.00 1 x 2.3 1.30
Drain 3 3.00 4.00 1.00 1 x 2.8 1.80
Drain 4 5.00 9.00 1.00 1x2 1.80
Drain 5A 4.00 1.00 2 x 2.5 2.80
Drain 5B 2.00 2 x 2.5 2.80
Drain 6A 3.00 3.00 1.00 2x2 1.80
Drain 6B 1.00 2 x 2.5 2.30
Drain 7A
Drain 7B 1.00 3x2 1.80

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6.4 SECONDARY AND TERTIARY DRAINS
The secondary and tertiary drains shall be considered in the comprehensive drainage
package at a later stage.

6.5 PRIMARY DRAIN ANCILLARY WORKS


Proper sectioning of primary drain
It is observed that primary drains had irregular sections with the ground level on the
left bank and right bank differing to an extent. Hence the consultants suggest modifying
the section with proper side slopes as per the design requirements along with proper
provision of bund on the banks of drains.

Providing fencing along the primary drains


To restrict illegal encroachment and to avoid the littering/dumping of solid waste in to the
drains it is proposed to construct chain link fencing all along the length of primary drains
for the Tirupati city corporation area on the both the bank of drains. But due to cost
constraint, fencing is proposed only for Drain 6.

6.6 RAINWATER HARVESTING POTENTIAL


The total amount of water that is received in the form of rainfall over an area is called the
rainwater endowment of that area. Out of this, the amount that can be effectively
harvested is called the water harvesting potential.
Among the several factors that influence the rainwater harvesting potential of a site, eco-
climatic conditions and the catchment characteristics are considered to be the most
important.
Rainfall is the most unpredictable variable in the calculation and hence, to determine the
potential rainfall for a given catchment, reliable rainfall data is required.
The number of annual rainy days also influences the need and design for rainwater
harvesting. The fewer the annual rainy days or longer the dry period, the more is the
need for rainwater collection in a region. However, if the dry period is too long, big
storage tanks would be needed to store rainwater. Hence in such regions, it is more
feasible to use rainwater to recharge groundwater aquifers rather than opting for storage
in reservoirs.
For Tirupati City, it is observed that the average rainy days are 49.00 and the average
annual rainfall is about 1056.00 mm. Hence, providing storage reservoirs (RCC
tanks/reservoir) may not be feasible considering the cost benefit analysis and space
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availability. No of recharge pits required is worked out to be 631 in entire 3 zones and
detailed calculation is shown in the Annexure 1.

6.7 DETENTION AND RETENTION STORAGES


Storage ponds created can act as a natural ground water recharging structure. In
Tirupati city there are two Minor Irrigation tanks and 6 ponds. The total capacity of the
discharge storage is 2.229Mcm.
The drains are designed in such a way that, catchment nearby to the area outfalls to
these ponds. This will ensure water availability in these ponds for secondary purposes
and also assist in ground water improvements through percolation. The drains are
discharging into the ponds hence time of concentration will be substantially increases
that means rainfall intensity at this time of concentration will be decreased. Hence Flow
will be reduced in the D/S drains. Eventually D/S drain sizes will be reduced
substantially.

The existing tank usage is provided in below. Table 6-9 shows existing pond usage
details.
Table 6-11 EXISTING POND USAGE DETAILS
Capacity Capacity
Water Spread
of tank at of tank Usage
Sr. area of tank
Name of tank FTL at FTL
No.
(in
(in ha) (in MCft)
MCm)
Lingalamma/
1 15.4 13.8 0.391 Minor irrigation
Akkarampalle tank
2 Settipalli tank 30.7 22.13 0.626 Minor irrigation

3 Anna Cheruvu 23.5 8.45 0.239 Recharge tank


Chennaiahgunta
4 14.7 9.13 0.258 Recharge tank
tank
Konka
5 19.8 1.71 0.048 Recharge tank
Chennaiahgunta
6 Pan Cheruvu 12.3 11.43 0.323 Recharge tank

7 Koramenigunta 9.5 1.83 0.052 Recharge tank

8 Mangalam tank 16.6 10.3 0.291 Recharge tank

Total 142.5 78.78 2.229

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6.8 PROPOSED RAINWATER HARVESTING STRUCTURE SYSTEMS
More than 90% of the district is underlain by crystalline formations and the remaining
area by semi-consolidated formations. The degree and depth of weathering varies from
place to place in crystalline formations and hence the potentiality of shallow aquifers also
varies. Ground water occurs under unconfined conditions in weathered portion and semi-
confined to confined condition occurs in fractures, joints at deeper depths. Ground water
in weathered formations is developed by dug wells. For irrigation purposes, the dug wells
are circular or rectangular in shape with 30 to 60 sq.m. The domestic wells are mostly
circular in shape and smaller in size. The depth of the wells is upto 10m. The average
discharge of energized wells ranges from 18 to 30 cu.m/day. However, during monsoon
period, the discharge varies from 80 to 200 cu.m/day and during summer 10 to 50
cu.m/day.
To increase the yield of the dug wells inclined/horizontal bores of 25 mm dia were drilled
to a length of around 10m. The deeper aquifers are developed through construction of
shallow/deep bore wells. The bore wells are drilled down to 120 m depth with 162 m dia
in. However, the encountering of fractures beyond 70 m is very less and at few places,
the potential aquifers were encountered beyond 130 at Mogili and Malreddikandriga.
This was noticed under the exploration programme by CGWB.

Following design approaches have been considered for effective harvesting of rain water
Ground Water Recharge Pits
Ground water table details for Tirupati is adopted from CGWB report and the maps of
Water table levels of Pre-monsoon and post-monsoon are presented in Annexure V and
Annexure VI respectively.
Ground water recharge pits have been envisaged inside primary drain area by the side
of the storm water drains (primary drains) Suitable arrangement shall be made, so that
the overflow from these drains flows into these recharge pits at every 500m intervals
along the drain. These recharge pits cannot be provided along secondary and tertiary
drains due to the lack of space and also due to heavy traffic conditions. The typical
section of recharge pit is provided in figure- 6-5 and in TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-
30108.
Suitable number of recharge pits is provided on the secondary and tertiary drains for
drain sizes greater than 2m wide. These types of drains cannot be provided for smaller
drains due to space restrictions.

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Also the type of structures is proposed along the national highway where storm water
from the city remains stagnated due to the flatter gradient and no proper disposal
arrangement. By proposing the rainwater harvesting structures there substantial amount
of rainwater can be harvested into the ground.

6.9 FLOW ANALYSIS BEFORE AND AFTER DEVELOPMENT


The present C values as per the analysis is 0.42. However in future after the
development of city the C value might increase to 0.55 due to urbanization.
Hence it is recommended that additional flow from developed plot shall be taken care by
decentralized RWHs (must be plot wise)/ detention/ retention systems. Excess flow from
the RWH structures shall be allowed in the drainage network.
The drains are proposed by considering the RCC side walls and the fencing over the
wall. This will help in reducing the solid waste into the drainage. Also it is the necessary
for Tirupati Municipal Corporation to initiate the rules/ mandates against the solid waste
dumping to avoid the issues related to drainage. Presently domestic waste water is being
discharged into the storm water drains. Tirupati municipal corporation to take-up some
measures to avoid this. Hopefully after the commissioning of sewerage network the issue
might get sorted out.

6.10 BENEFITS OF THE PROJECT


 Suitable provisions to avoid solid waste entry into the drains have been made in
the designs and cost estimations accordingly in-terms of silt traps and primary
drain fencing. This provides clear passage of water during a rainy day and helps
in mitigation of floods to an extent.
 Diversions of waste water have been suggested; this together with the curb on
solid waste dumping will avoid stagnation of water to an extent. This will help in
curbing water borne diseases and malaria diseases to an extent.
 Flooding will be mitigated to a large extent which can provide improved life of the
nearby residents.
 Water bodies would be free from contaminates water; hence can be used for
recreational purpose.
 Mixing of storm water drains with waste water and municipal supply water and
vice versa can be avoided to a large extent.

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It is recommended that additional flow from developed plot shall be taken care by
decentralized RWHs (must be plot wise)/ detention/ retention systems. Hence
additional benefits will be,
1. Increase of ground water potential
2. Decrease the road side and primary drain sizes
3. Pollution control as there will not be having submergence.
4. Decrease of D/S floods
5. Reduction substantially water scarcity.

6.11 SUMMARY OF PROPOSED WORKS


Basically primary drains are focused for the Tirupati city measuring the total
length of 13.2 Km contributing from 3 zones to be considered for the SAAP 2016-
20. The location of these drains shown in layout drawing ‘PROPOSED PRIMARY
DRAINS FOR TIRUPATI DRAIN’. Refer drawing number ‘TCE.10282A-CV-3019-
SW-30107’.
The details of works proposed are as follows.
 Length of drain to be proposed in RCC
 Fencing of side walls for Drain 5 & 6
 Widening of stretches
 Proposals of rainwater harvesting pits
 Diversion structure within drain

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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CHAPTER 7.0 COST ESTIMATES

7.1 GENERAL
The detailed item wise cost estimates for the project has been carried out based on
schedule of rates (SOR), Irrigation and Water supply (2016-17), Andhra Pradesh and
DSR. The items for which rates are not available in the SOR; the same is obtained from
quotation received from reputed vendors, suppliers and manufacturers. Whenever
required the rates are compared with current market rates. Cost estimates have been
prepared in the form of bill of quantity (BOQ). All the rates are taken item wise and no
lump sum item is considered for cost estimates.
Project cost is estimated considering the data available on soil characteristics and
physical data such as ground level, location of road, water ways etc. It is essential to
undertake detailed soil investigation and survey prior to construction activities.
The type of soil strata as per the Geotechnical investigations considered for cost
estimates is provided in the table 7-1.
Table 7-1 SOIL STRATIFICATION
Sr. No. Soil Type % considered

1 Soil 60
2 Soft rock 30
3 Hard rock 10

7.2 EARTH WORK


The earth work consists of excavation in soils, backfilling and foundation, cutting of road
surface etc. The unit rate for all the items are taken from SOR Irrigation works standard
schedule of rate for the year 2016-17.
The rates considered for various types of soil is provided in the table 7-2 below

Table 7-2 RATES OF EARTHWORK EXCAVATION


Sr. Soil Type Rates SOR Considered
No. Rs/Cum
(Depth 0-3m)
1 All kinds of soil 95.60 Irrigation SOR,AP

2 In Soft Rock 129.90 Irrigation SOR,AP

3 In Hard rock 551.2 Irrigation SOR,AP

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For disposal of extra available earth, the rates considered are provided in table 7-3
below.

Sr. Soil Type Rates SOR Considered


No. Rs/Cum
(Depth 0-3m)
1 All kinds of soil 95.60 Irrigation SOR,AP

2 In Soft Rock 129.90 Irrigation SOR,AP

3 In Hard rock 551.2 Irrigation SOR,AP

7.3 CONCRETE AND ALLIED WORK


The concrete work involves providing and laying reinforced cement concrete for
construction of drains, Culverts etc. Formwork and steel reinforcement for RCC work are
also included in this section. The unit rates for all the items are considered from SOR
Irrigation works 2016-17 schedule of rate.
For the RCC, M25 grade concrete has been considered for all the walls and bottom slab
for Drains and for culverts also
For PCC, M-15 grade concrete has been used.
The rates considered for various concrete grades is provided in table 7-4

Table 7-3 CONCRETE RATES


Sr. Grade of Rates considered (RS)/ SOR
No. Concrete Cum Considered
1 PCC-M15 grade 4470.60 Irrigation
SOR,AP
2 RCC-M25 grade 5361.1 Irrigation
(for drains and SOR,AP
Culverts)

In Tirupati, there are many drains which are presently in use of various materials like
stone masonry, brick masonry and Concrete drains.

7.4 ROAD CUTTING AND RESTORATION WORKS


In Tirupati, the existing roads can be classified as Concrete roads, bituminous road and
WBM roads. Suitable cost as per the SOR has been considered for the road cutting and

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reinstatement works as per the SOR. The rates considered for various roads are
provided in the table 7-5 below.

Table 7-4 ROAD CUTTING AND RESTORATION RATES

Sr. Type Material Rates considered SOR


No. Considered
(RS) / Sqm
1 Bituminous Road -Cutting 65.6 SOR – Water
supply 2016-17
7.5 SAFETY EQUIPMENTS AND O&M EQUIPMENTS
The cost of safety equipments shall be considered by contractor as per Environmental
and Social framework (ESF)
The followings items shall be considered by contractor as part of safety equipments
 Helmets- 100 Numbers (for men, women and Working supervisors)
 Safety shoes- 100Numbers
 Hand Gloves - 100numbers
 Ear Muffs- 100 Numbers
 Dust Masks- 100Numbers
 Sign boards- 50 Numbers
 Traffic control sign boards- 50 Numbers
 Safety vests and apparels- 100 Numbers
 First Aid kits - 20 Numbers
To aid the O&M staff for easy maintenance, purchase of special equipments has been
recommended. Pre-monsoon drain and culvert cleaning is most important part of O&M of
drains.
The lists of equipments suggested are:
 Storm drain cleaning machine - 1 Number
 Hand rodding- 4 numbers
 Drain desilting machine-1 number
7.6 COST SUMMARY
The “Summary of Total Cost” is given in Table 7-5 and abstract of capital investment is
given in Table 7-6

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Table 7-5 SUMMARY OF TOTAL COST

Cost estimation of Primary drains (in Lakhs)


Sl Drain Drain Drain Drain Drain Drain Drain Total
Item
no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 cost
Earthwork
1 8.47 15.62 11.03 11.81 77.89 41.60 24.46 190.87
Excavation
Cutting road
2 0.12 0.21 0.16 0.22 0.41 0.23 0.07 1.42
surface
Rubble and
3 2.25 3.35 2.00 2.82 17.26 6.38 2.68 36.75
sand filling
4 RCC-M15 10.58 24.99 14.36 15.18 94.80 71.29 31.25 262.45

5 PCC-M25 67.34 124.64 73.85 89.80 610.10 330.93 124.81 1421.46


Reinforcement
6 47.87 88.61 52.49 63.79 434.38 235.56 88.89 1011.59
steel bars
7 Weep holes 1.44 2.88 1.24 1.75 4.70 3.00 1.67 16.69
Road
8 1.32 2.41 1.85 2.52 4.63 2.59 0.82 16.13
Restoration
9 Fencing 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 129.95 0.00 129.95

Sub Total (A) 139.37 262.72 156.98 187.89 1244.16 821.52 274.66 3087.30

The location of these drains shown in layout drawing ‘PROPOSED PRIMARY DRAINS FOR
TIRUPATI DRAIN’. Refer drawing number ‘TCE.10282A-CV-3019-SW-30107’.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Table 7-6 Breakup of cost
Sl.No Description
Primary drains Total cost
1 Earthwork Excavation
19,087,359
2 Cutting road surface
141,811
3 Rubble and sand filling
3,674,744
4 PCC M15
26,244,930
5 RCC M25
142,145,698
6 Reinforcement steel bars
101,158,935
7 Weep holes
1,668,648
8 Road Restoration
1,613,317
9 Fencing
12,994,800
Sub Total (A)
308,730,242
10 Rainwater harvesting structure
15,396,400
Total Project Cost( Base cost) 321,307,879.00
Total Project Cost( Base cost) in lakhs 3,213.08
ABSTRACT OF CAPITAL INVESTMENTS

Sr. No. Description Amount in Lakhs

1 Project Cost (Base cost)


324,126,642

2 Provision for CST at 4%


12,965,066

3 Provision for VAT at 5%


16,206,332

4 Provision for Labour Cess at 1%


3,241,266

5 Provision for Contingencies at 1%


3,241,266

Total Project Cost( Overall cost)


359,780,573

Total Project Cost( Overall cost) in lakhs


3,598

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 8.0 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE AND RECOMMENDATIONS

8.1 GENERAL
The proposed storm water drainage project in the Tirupati will ensure improved
Infrastructure facilities to the ULB without affecting the normal life of the residents in the
project area. This chapter describes the implementation schedule for the proposed
project.
The Tirupati Municipal Corporation is responsible for planning, design, construction,
operation and maintenance of the infrastructure system in the city.
For projects greater than 10Crores, the contract would be on EPC basis where in the
requisite survey and investigation, design work needs to be carried out by the agency
before execution and get it approved by PDMC / ULB. For projects less than 10 crores,
the contract would be on Item based tenders, where in the executing agency would be
carrying out the works as per the designs and drawings approved by PDMC.

TOTAL COST OF THE PROJECT


The cost estimate is prepared for the financial year 2016-2020. The cost of various
components of the project is worked out Rs. 3213.08 Lakhs (base cost) and overall cost
is worked out Rs. 3598 Lakhs.

8.2 CONTRACT PACKAGING


o Remodeling and Construction of the primary drain system including proper
sectioning, proper bank formation (for about 15.054 KM), including
construction of Road crossing as per the requirements.
This contract includes the following brief scope of works:
 De-silting, Clearing of debris and re-sectioning of the primary drains
 Construction of primary drains made of in-situ RCC.
 Construction of Box culverts at road crossing locations of the drains

8.3 CONTRACT APPROACH


The procurement procedure adopted can be Local Competitive Bidding (LCB), Single
Stage and Two-envelope system. In the first stage, the Bidders shall be technically
qualified based on qualification criteria set forth in the bid documents. The financial bids
shall be opened for the technically qualified bidders only. The contract shall be awarded

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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to the lowest quoted bidder. The successful bidder i.e. the contractor will be responsible
for execution, quality, safety and timely completion of the works.
8.4 CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT
It is proposed that the Conditions of Contract for the contract package shall be based on
the Andhra Pradesh Transparency in Tenders Act. It is also proposed and considered
essential that Bidders be qualified on such a contract to ensure that realistic bids are
received from Contractors who are suitably experienced, have sufficient financial
resources to carry out the work and having suitable manpower, technical resources,
plant and equipment etc for successful, timely completion of the project with necessary
quality parameters.

8.5 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE


The implementation schedule for the project is estimated to be 22 months after award of
contract to the successful bidder. With this schedule, the project is expected to be
completed by March 2018. The bid documents can be published in the month of
February 2017 and evaluation of bids, award of contracts would be completed by March
2017. Next one year involves the construction activities and commissioning of works.
The Implementation Schedule for this project is indicated in the table below. It is
expected that the construction should start by the March 2017.
This is assumed that ULB has adequate experience and is well known of procedures to
carry out these activities.

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Table 8-1 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Table 8-2 FUNDING PATTERN OF TIRUPATI SWD FOR AMRUT (AS PER APPROVED SAAP 2016-20 PROJECT)
Sr. No. Name of Project Total Approved Share
SAAP Project
Cost GOI State ULB Total

1 SWD 3.42 1.71 0.68 1.03 3.42


(FY 2016-17)
2 SWD 6.88 3.44 1.38 2.06 6.88
(FY 2017-18)
Total ( in Cr) 10.3 5.15 2.06 3.09 10.3

SWD – Storm Water Drainage

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Table 8-3 REVISED FUNDING PATTERN OF TIRUPATI SWD FOR AMRUT

Sr. Name of Project Total Share Grand total


No Approved Project
SAAP GOI State ULB Cost
Project (B) (C) Approved Additional Project Inadmissible Total (G) = (B+C+G)
SAAP cost (D) cost (E) Project cost (F) (D+E+F)

1 SWD (FY 2016-17) 3.42 1.71 0.68 1.04 7.33 1.19 9.57 11.96
2 SWD (FY 2017-18) 6.88 3.44 1.38 2.07 14.73 2.39 19.20 24.02
Total (in Cr) 10.30 5.15 2.06 3.12 22.07 3.59 28.77 35.98

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
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Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
CHAPTER 9.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

9.1 INTRODUCTION
In this Chapter potential impacts on the environment from the proposed project on the
ULB are identified based on the nature and extent of various activities associated during
construction and after completion of the project. The proposed expansion activities
activi will
have impact of varying magnitude on environmental components both beneficial
(positive) and adverse (negative) impacts. Both these (positive) and adverse (negative)
impacts are considered for the impact prediction studies. The details of impact prediction
p
and assessment are given in this chapter.

9.2 LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


The project is expected to bring significant environmental and health benefits, such as
improvements in the sustainability of water sources and improvements in public health
healt
through better quality of storm flows through drain.. Although no major environmental
issues are anticipated, certain investments items to be funded under the project may
require special mitigation measures to protect the environment and enhance health
safety.
Local Regulatory Framework
As per the Environmental regulations in India, the S.0.1533 no Environmental clearance
is required for storm water drainage projects.

9.3 AIR QUALITY


IMPACTS DURING CONSTRUCTION FOR PROPOSED PROJECT
The potential ambient air quality impacts arising from the proposed project would occur
mainly during construction phase. During construction, the project would have two major
impacts on ambient air quality due to an increase in gaseous emissions by heavy
construction equipments and vehicles, and an increase in dust by construction activities.
Earth excavation work, foundation work, superstructure work, material storage,
transportation and handling of construction materials, and wind erosion are the major
factors
actors that would produce a temporary, localized increase in SPM and RPM levels. The
increased movement of heavy vehicles carrying construction materials, operation of DG
sets as standby power back up system would generate gaseous emissions. However as

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DG sets are used as standby, the impacts are insignificant. The degree of dust
generated would depend on the soil compaction and moisture content of the ground
surface during construction. Dust and exhaust particulate emissions from heavy
equipment operations would temporarily degrade air quality in the immediate
construction zone. The increase in air particulates would be minimized by the
performance of the work. The construction contractor will visually monitor dust levels on
the site during construction. Du
Dust
st suppression will be instituted, using water tankers
mounted on tractors, sprinklers and other means as necessary, in the event that high
levels of dust are observed, strong winds and dry conditions make dust generation likely,
and complaints about dust are received.

IMPACTS DURING OPERATION


None of the proposed structures of storm water drain etc. at the project site would be
expected to have an impact on air quality during their normal operation.

MITIGATION MEASURES
Since the project involves large-scale construction (laying
laying of pipes, drains etc) of activity
the negative impacts on the air quality would be significant during this phase. The impact
on the air quality due to the operation of construction machineries in the site is found to
be insignificant
significant given the vast area of the proposed project site. However, the negative
impacts created as a result of movement of construction vehicles needs critical attention.
For mitigation of these impacts following measures are suggested:
 Vehicles transporting
orting construction materials prone to fugitive dust emissions
should be covered.
 Trucks carrying sand should be provided with tarpaulin sheets to cover the bed
and sides of the trucks.
 Idling of delivery trucks or other equipment should not be permitted during
d
loading and unloading
 All construction vehicles should comply with air emission standards and be
maintained properly.
 Dust suppression measures in addition to the traffic management should be
followed on the roads

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9.4 NOISE QUALITY
The potential source of noise associated in the project includes the laying of pipe lines
and excavation, movement of dumpers transporting construction material, blasting and
cutting operations of tunnel and rock crushers etc. Pumping of water seeping during
construction and transportation
ransportation of muck material could also be the potential source for
noise pollution. There0fore,
fore, properly maintained machines and equipments should be
used to minimize the impact of noise on the surrounding environment. Trucks used for
transportation of muck material shall be lined with rubber or equivalent material that will
minimize the noise generated during the dropping and loading and unloading operation
of muck materials.

IMPACTS DURING CONSTRUCTION


Construction activities normally result in temporary and short duration increases in noise
levels. The main sources of noise during construction period include movement of
vehicles for loading and unloading of construction materials, fabrication, handling of
equipment and materials, operation of co
concrete
ncrete mixing plants, generators etc. The areas
affected are those close to the site.
Under the worst case scenario, considered for prediction of noise levels during
construction phase, it has been assumed that all these equipments generate noise from
a common point at an average
erage noise level of 85 dB (A).

IMPACTS DURING OPERATION


None of the proposed structures of storm water drain at the project site would be
expected to have an impact on Noise during their normal operation.
Mitigation Measures
 Restriction on the usage of noise generating activities and traffic movement in the
Residential areas to day light hours to avoid high noise and sleep disturbance to
residents during construction phase.
 Generator sets should be provided with noise shields around them.
 Vehicles used for transportation of construction material should be well maintained.
 The workers operating high noise machinery or operating near it should be provided
with adequate personal protective equipments including ear plugs.

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9.5 WATER QUALITY
ALITY
During construction phase the workers employed will be generating domestic
wastewater. This wastewater will be treated in mobile sewage treatment plants to meet
the APSPCB discharge standards.
Mitigation Measures
 Construction equipment requiring mini
minimum
mum water for cooling and operation for
optimum effectiveness should be chosen.
 High pressure hose should be used for cleaning and dust suppression purposes.
 Appropriate sanitation facilities, septic tank and soak pits should be provided for the
workers onsite
site and offsite to reduce impact on water resources
 Discharge of construction wastes to surface water bodies or ground water should not
be allowed during construction.
 During Construction period in rainy season, the water quality is likely to be affected
due to the construction work and loosening of topsoil. This is likely to increase the
suspended solids in the run – off during heavy precipitation. In order to reduce the
impact on water quality, temporary sedimentation tanks shall be constructed for the
settlement
ettlement of suspended matter. However, it is envisaged that the monsoon period
will be avoided for cutting and filling of earthwork.

9.6 LAND ENVIRONMENT


The environmental impacts on land environment have been classified primarily into two
aspects namely i.e.,
e., direct impact on soil and land in the area. Land environment in the
area has potential for contamination if there are wastewater discharges directly on to the
land and from impacts arising out of solid waste discharge on to the land. The storm
water willll be a comparatively a clear water as due to proposed fencing over the side
walls, chances of solid waste entering into the drain is very less.
The proposed project involves laying of pipeline adjacent to the existing road will results
in extensive work on the excavation and removal of soil and hence will temporarily affect
soil structure and stability localized. The Project Development and Management
Consultants (PDMC) will adopt good construction practices that will ensure the
environmental impacts of w
waste effluents generated on-site
site during construction will be
minimized.

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9.7 IMPACTS OF CONSTRUCTION WASTES
The generation of waste material is inevitable during the construction phase of the
development. Waste is generated at different stages of construction process. Waste
during construction activity relates to excessive cement mix or concrete left after work is
over, rejection caused due to change in design or wrong workmanship etc. Excavation
of earth and rock generates muck. Other wastes include top soil, clay, sand, and gravel.
These are normally re-used
used as filler at the same site after completion of excavation work.
Other miscellaneous materials that arise as waste include glass, plastic material, general
refuse, scrap metal, cardboard, plastics, and sew
sewage
age wastes from the construction
workers housing. Construction waste is bulky and heavy and is mostly unsuitable for
disposal by incineration or composting. Unutilized or unused solid wastes generated
during construction will be disposed of to a designated landfill sites in the project area.
Mitigation Measures
The solid waste generated during the construction phase is usually Excavated earth
material and Construction debris. Excavated earth material will be reused for backfilling
between foundations; to fi
fill up the low-lying
lying areas and whereas, topsoil will be reused for
Landscaping/Greenbelt development purpose.

9.8 SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACTS FOR PROPOSED PROJECT


The project will generate employment opportunities to the local people. There will also
be secondary growth that will create self
self-employment
employment opportunities for the local villagers
like small hotels, shops etc., which would lead to improvement in the quality of the life of
the local population. The positive impact of the proposed activity is expected during the
start-up
up of construction activities. Besides the local population would have employment
opportunities in service activities, contracts and supply of construction materials. This
will lead to economic up-liftmen
liftmen of the area.

9.9 POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IM


IMPACT MATRIX
This methodology incorporates a list of project activities with a checklist of environmental
components that might be affected. Matrix methods incorporate environmental
conditions on one axis and proposed actions on the other.
The impact of each
ch action on various environmental components are filled in a tabular
format to estimate the impacts may be either qualitative, insignificant, high, adverse,

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
beneficial or quantitative by assessing a numerical score, but in the end there should be
a grand total to signify the magnitude of the impact. The activities discussed above are
likely to affect the environment in varying degrees. Relevant components of
environment, which are likely to experience some impacts due to the proposed project
activities, have
ve been identified.
Environmental parameters are broadly classified under three following groups
considering the cause - effect relationship:
 Physical Environment
 Biological Environment
 Non Biophysical the parameters selected for impact identification are site activities
and project specific. Different parameters considered under the said groups are as
follows:
 Ambient Air Quality
 Noise Components (NBP)
 Soil stability / erosion
 Vegetation
 Resource use
 Health
 Socio economic
The interaction between project activities and environmental parameters described
above are shown in the impact matrix
in the Table below, the matrix points out each activity and its impact on specific
environmental parameters. This is a qualitative work and does not indicate quantitative
impact. Some of the impacts are temporary and localized and some impacts are
a short
term and long term in the matrix.
The predicted impacts of the proposed project have been discussed in Table below. The
environmental management measures to reduce the adverse impacts are detailed in this
Section. Table 9-1
1 shows Potential Environmental Impact Matrix.

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Table 9-1 POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MATRIX
Non Biophysical Components
Project Activities Physical Biological
(NBP)
Socio-
Soil Health economic
Air stability Water (Individual (Population,
Noise Vegetation
Quality / Quality /Community, Community
erosion Occupational) Infrastructure,
Employment)
- Implementation Phase
Primary drains ST, -ve ST, -ve ST, -ve ST, -ve ST, -ve Nil ST, +ve
RWH Pits ST, -ve ST, -ve Nil ST, -ve Nil Nil ST, +ve
- Maintenance Phase

Primary drains Nil Nil Nil ST, +ve Nil ST, +ve ST, +ve
RWH Pits Nil Nil Nil ST, +ve ST, +ve ST, +ve ST, +ve

Note: ST – Short Term, LT – Long Term, +ve – Potential Positive Impact, -ve – Potential Negative Impact (require mitigation
measures)

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Table 9-2 SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
Parameters Potential Adverse Proposed Mitigation Measures Residual Impacts Implementation Issues
Environmental Impacts
Respons Monitoring
ibilities
Topography Requirement for Abstract resources on site to avoid Not Significant. Good Contract Site
soils, geology aggregate/earth import of material. Balance cut and use of resources on or supervision
and fill on site to maximize use of sites.
hydrogeology at resources and avoid wastage.
new STP and Soil Erosion and Limit vegetation clearance to Not Significant. Small Contract Site
city distribution Slumping working areas. Landscape the area potentially or Supervision
system. WTPs, Pumping Station and affected.
Reservoir Areas.
Hydrology and Increased storm water Program construction for the dry Not significant. The Site
Drainage along runoff and entrainment of season. Avoid aggregate stockpile area is relatively Supervision
the sediment, oil on site. Compact earthworks, road small. The works will
Transmission contaminated sediment, base, etc. Re-vegetate bare soil in be completed before
lines and at and litter. landscaping areas prior to start of the start of the rainy
STP sites rainy season. season. Contract
or to
Prepare and implement an adequate prepare
Water Quality at Pollution by construction site environmental management plan SEMP Compliance
construction activities including (SEMP). with site
labor camp accidental spillages Low level nuisance management
sites at STP, during construction, plan.
transmission but no long term
lines, city impacts.
distribution and
pumping
stations
People and Disruption to local Consultation with local communities. Highly Significant, Contract Periodic
Communities - communities due to new since major works is or reviews by
Disruption activities during inside the city. senior
construction/operation. management

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Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Environmental Quality Dust during - Suppress dust using Highly Significant, dust Contractor Daily
– Air Quality Construction water bowsers - arises during construction monitoring of
at new STP Avoid double handling of activities. Possible onsite
construction site, spoil nuisance surrounding activities.
laying of Transmission - Compact and e- communities.
lines and STP vegetate Earthworks
- Minimize height of
stockpiles and surround
with hoardings.
- Storage of cement in
enclosed areas
-‘Just
‘Just in Time’ delivery to
avoid large stockpiles.
Emissions from Maintain all vehicles, Not Significant. Small Contractor Daily
construction plant Plant and Equipment. number of vehicles. monitoring of
and vehicles Switch Plant Off when not onsite
in use. activities.
Noise in STP, Noise impact on Select working methods Highly Significant, dust Contractor Daily
Reservoir, and Local receivers and program to reduce arises during construction monitoring of
Pumping stations, during noise. Handle materials activities. Possible onsite
Reservoir. construction in a way which minimizes nuisance surrounding activities
noise. Set audible communities.
City distribution warning systems to

95
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
System minimum legal setting.
Control of Noise Noise may arise from No Significant. Low impact Contractor Monitoring
during Operation operation of Pumping on workers at the site. noise levels
Phase Stations. especially
during start
up conditions
and noisy
activities.
Noise and Prepare a risk Minimize hazards to Contractor Daily
Vibration – assessment and health workforce by foreseeing monitoring of
Health and and safety plan for the potential risks and reducing onsite
Safety of construction phase. them. activities
workforce during Provide appropriate PPE
construction to all employees
employees. Limit
the time employees
spend in the noisy
environments.
Waste Management at Disposal of Control of disposal of Low level nuisance during Contractor to Daily
construction site at construction construction wastes construction, but no long prepare monitoring of
STP, Raw Water wastes through a SEMP term impacts. SEMP. onsite
Transmission mains. Supervision activities
by PDMC

96
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
9.10 CONCLUSION
To summarize; from the proposed project in ULB, the following beneficial and adverse
impacts can be attributed,
 The proposed project will have positive impacts on the socio
socio-economic
economic environment of
the study area. The project will provide direct and indirect employment for Technical,
Skilled, and unskilled personnel.
 Improvement of public health: The project increases the water availability and improves
the physiological and microbiological quality of water supplied to consumers, which
would lead to reduction of water borne diseases and a general improvement of public
health.
 Dust suppression measures in addit
addition
ion to the traffic management should be
followed.
 The sewerage generated from the city will be tr
treated
eated in sewage treatment plant instead
of discharging it into the storm water drains.
 Regular monitoring of air, water and noise parameters sha
shallll be carried out and to keep a
check on routine compliance of statutory requirements.
The certain positive and negative impact may encountered during the implementation of
the proposed up scaling is provided in table above.
The proponent, APUFIDC strongly believe in the concept of sustainable development
and understand the impacts as identified above from the proposed project and shall take
all measures to mitigate such negative impacts and also lay emphasis on the
implementation of the recommendations of the Environmental Management Plan in true
spirits.

In order to act upon the remedial measures, the first and foremost task is to check the
system both hydraulically as well as topographically. Therefore, the prime task is to
redesign the existing syst
system
em and to see to what extent the modification of the existing
drains are required. The natural topography of the area, location of outfalls and
contiguity of the wards are the major parameters considered in the planning of the
system.

97
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE I
IMD’s Isopluvial map of India – Hourly Rainfall – 5 Yr frequency

98
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE II
IMD’s Isopluvial map of India – Daily Rainfall – 5 Yr frequency

99
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE III
Rainwater harvesting structure calculation

100
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE IV
Quantity and Cost Estimates

SUMMARY OF COST ESTIMATES:

Sr. No. Description


Primary drains Total cost

1 Earthwork Excavation 19,087,359

2 Cutting road surface 141,811

3 Rubble and sand filling 3,674,744

5 PCC 26,244,930

4 RCC 142,145,698

6 Reinforcement steel bars 101,158,935

7 Weep holes 1,668,648

8 Road Restoration 1,613,317

9 Fencing 12,994,800
Sub Total (A) 308,730,242
10 Rainwater harvesting structure 15,396,400
Total Project Cost( Base cost) 324,126,642
Total Project Cost( Base cost) in Lakhs 3,241.27

ABSTRACT OF CAPITAL INVESTMENTS:

Amount in
Sr. No. Description
Lakhs
1 Project Cost (Base cost) 3241.27
2 Provision for CST at 4% 129.65
3 Provision for VAT at 5% 162.06
4 Provision for Labour Cess at 1% 32.41
5 Provision for Contingencies at 1% 32.41
Total Project Cost (Overall cost) 3598

101
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 1 (275.00 M - 1411.00 M)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains / catch
water drains etc., including dressing bed
and sides to required level and profile, cost
of all materials, machinery, labour, placing
the excavated
cavated soil neatly in dump area or
for the formation of service road /
embankment as directed etc., complete
1 with initial lead upto 1 km and all lifts.
Complete as per specification and as per
the directions of Engineer In charge.
Page 126,127,128 of AP IW W- SOR -2016-17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 3354.40 95.60 320680.26
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 1677.20 129.90 217868.02
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 559.07 551.20 308157.18
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking of
excavated materials for pipe line trench
work.. Complete as per the specifications
2 and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as well
as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm thick)
including water bound macadam Sq.m 176.25 65.60 11562.00
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in
layers of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour, watering,
ramming etc., complete with initial lead upto
3
50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 398.96 563.50 224813.96
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

102
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size approved,
clean, hard, graded aggregates including
cost of all materials, machinery, labour,
formwork, centering, scaffolding, cleaning,
batching, mixing, placing in position
position,
4 levelling, vibrating, finishing, curing etc
etc.
Complete for plain concrete works with
initial lead upto 1 km and Lead Charges for
1Km for Steel (including Loading and
Unloading Charges) Lead Charges for 1Km
for Steel (including Loading and Unloading
Charges)Complete
s)Complete as per specifications
and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge
for Drains
cum 219.02 4470.60 979150.81
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 17.63 4470.60 78794.33
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size approved,
clean, hard, graded aggregates for
foundation filling including cost of all
5 materials, machinery,, labour, formwork,
cleaning, batching, mixing, placing in
position, levelling, vibrating, finishing, curing
etc., complete with initial lead upto 50 m
and all lifts. complete as per specifications
and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge.
for Drains
cum 1195.86 5361.10 6411125.05
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17
for Culverts
cum 60.15 5361.10 322470.17
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17

103
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in
position reinforcement steel bars for RCC
works including cleaning, straightening,
cutting, bending, hooking, lapping, tying
6 with 1.25 mm dia.soft annealed steel wire,
welding wherever required including cost of
all materials, machinery, labour etc.,
complete with initial lead upto 50 and all
lifts. complete as per specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 92.08 49600 4567228.51
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 4.44 49600 219982.20
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the full
7 width of the structure with slope of 1V :20H
towards drawing foce. Complete as per
drawing and Technical Specifications
complete
te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 572.00 251.00 143572.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 8.81 9208.00 81145.50
WMM cum 26.44 1906.00 50389.88

104
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Supplying, fabricating and Erecting Chain
Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I. mesh of size
50 x 50mmmm diamond pattern and as per
specificationsand
and drawings, including
providing and erecting65 65 x 65 x 6 angle
posts @ 2.4m C/C with cross
crosssupport at
every 8th pole and at corners, MS MSAngle
35mm x 35mm x 3mm thick at top
andbottom
bottom of chain link with necessary U
hooks,nuts
nuts and bolts, washers, total height
9
of fencing@@ 2.1m above drain wall
including embeddingthe the angle post in the
concrete of drain wall,cleaning
cleaning an
and
preparing surface, applying oneonecoat of red
oxide zinc chromate primer and two twocoats of
Synthetic Enamel paint after fabrication
fabricationand
touchup paint after erection if required
ofapproved
approved manufacture, brand, colour,
shadeetc.
etc. complete as directed by Engin
Engineer
InCharge.
Height of 2.1m sqm 0.00 1300.00 0.00
Sub Total (A) 13936939.85

105
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 2 (0.00 M - 2287.00 M)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no. (RS)
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains /
catch water drains etc., including
dressing bed and sides to required level
and profile, cost of all materials,
machinery, labour, placing the ex excavated
soil neatly in dump area or for the
formation of service road / embankment
as directed etc., complete with initial lead
1 upto 1 km and all lifts. Complete as per
specification and as per the directions of
Engineer In charge.
Page 126,127,128 of AP IIW- SOR -2016-
17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 6189.31 95.60 591697.94
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 3094.65 129.90 401995.62
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 1031.55 551.20 568591.19
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking
of excavated materials for pipe line
trench work.. Complete as per the
2 specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as
well as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm
thick) including water bound macadam Sq.m 323.00 65.60 21188.80
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in
layers of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of
all materials, machinery, labour,
watering, ramming etc., complete with
3
initial lead upto 50 m and all lifts.
complete as per specifications and as per
the directions of Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 594.62 563.50 335068.37
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

106
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no. (RS)
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded
aggregates including cost of all materials,
machinery, labour, formwork, centering,
scaffolding, cleaning, batching, mixing,
placing in position,, levelling, vibrating,
4
finishing, curing etc.. Complete for plain
concrete works with initial lead upto 1 km
and Lead Charges for 1Km for Steel
(including Loading and Unloading
Charges) Lead Charges for 1Km for
Steel (including Loading and Unloading
Charges)Complete
s)Complete as per specifications
and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge
for Drains
cum 526.75 4470.60 2354888.55
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 32.30 4470.60 144400.38
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded
aggregates for foundation filling including
5 cost of all materials, machinery
machinery, labour,
formwork, cleaning, batching, mixing,
placing in position, levelling, vibrating,
finishing, curing etc., complete with initial
lead upto 50 m and all lifts. complete as
per specifications and as per the
directions of Engineer In Charge.
for Drains
cum 2214.15 5361.10 11870292.97
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17
for Culverts
cum 110.76 5361.10 593795.44
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17

107
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no. (RS)
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in
position reinforcement steel bars for
RCC works including cleaning,
straightening, cutting, bending, hooking,
lapping, tying with 1.25 mm dia.soft
6
annealed steel wire, welding wherever
required including cost of all materials,
machinery, labour etc., complete with
initial lead upto 50 and all lifts. complete
as per specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 170.49 49600 8456291.23
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 8.15 49600 404453.28
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the
7 full width of the structure with slope of 1V
:20H towards drawing foce. Complete as
per drawing and Technical Specifications
complete te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 1148.00 251.00 288148.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 16.15 9208.00 148709.20
WMM cum 48.45 1906.00 92345.70

108
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no. (RS)
(Rs)
Supplying, fabricating and Erecting
Chain Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I.
mesh of size 50 x 50mm mm diamond pattern
and as per specificationsand
and drawings,
including providing and erecting
erecting65 x 65 x
6 angle posts @ 2.4m C/C with
crosssupport
support at every 8th pole and at
corners, MSAngle
Angle 35mm x 35mm x 3mm
thick at top andbottom
bottom of chain link with
necessary U hooks,nutsnuts and bolts,
washers, total height of fencing
fencing@ 2.1m
9
above drain wall including embedding
embeddingthe
angle post in the concrete of drain
wall,cleaning and d preparing surface,
applying onecoat
coat of red oxide zinc
chromate primer and twocoats
coats of
Synthetic Enamel paint after
fabricationand
and touchup paint after
erection if required ofapproved
approved
manufacture, brand, colour, shade
shadeetc.
complete as directed by Engin
Engineer
InCharge.
Height of 2.1m sqm 0.00 1300.00 0.00
Sub Total (A) 26271866.66

109
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 3 (0.00 M -988.00 M)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains /
catch water drains etc., including dressing
bed and sides to required level and
profile, cost of all materials, machinery,
labour, placing the excavated
cavated soil neatly
in dump area or for the formation of
service road / embankment as directed
etc., complete with initial lead upto 1 km
1 and all lifts. Complete as per specification
and as per the directions of Engineer In
charge.
Page 126,127,128 of AP IW W- SOR -2016-
17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 4368.94 95.60 417670.28
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 2184.47 129.90 283762.39
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 728.16 551.20 401359.59
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking
of excavated materials for pipe line trench
work.. Complete as per the specifications
2 and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as
well as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm
thick) including water bound macadam Sq.m 247.50 65.60 16236.00
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in
layers of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of
all materials, machinery, labour, watering,
ramming etc., complete with initial lead
3
upto 50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 355.68 563.50 200425.68
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

110
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded
aggregates including cost of all materials,
machinery, labour, formwork, centering,
scaffolding, cleaning, batching, mixing,
placing in position,, levelling, vibrating,
4
finishing, curing etc.. Complete for plain
concrete works with initial lead upto 1 km
and Lead Charges for 1Km for Steel
(including Loading and Unloading
Charges) Lead Charges for 1Km for Steel
(including Loading and Unloading
Charges)Complete
s)Complete as per specifications
and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge
for Drains
cum 296.40 4470.60 1325085.84
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 24.75 4470.60 110647.35
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded
aggregates for foundation filling including
5 cost of all materials, machinery
machinery, labour,
formwork, cleaning, batching, mixing,
placing in position, levelling, vibrating,
finishing, curing etc., complete with initial
lead upto 50 m and all lifts. complete as
per specifications and as per the
directions of Engineer In Charge.
for Drains
cum 1267.11 5361.10 6793103.42
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17
for Culverts
cum 110.37 5361.10 591704.61
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17

111
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in
position reinforcement steel bars for
RCC works including cleaning,
straightening, cutting, bending, hooking,
lapping, tying with 1.25 mm dia.soft
6
annealed steel wire, welding wherever
required including cost of all materials,
machinery, labour etc., complete with
initial lead upto 50 and all lifts. complete
as per specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 97.57 49600 4839346.51
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 8.25 49600 409311.60
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the
7 full width of the structure with slope of 1V
:20H towards drawing foce. Complete as
per drawing and Technical Specifications
complete te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 496.00 251.00 124496.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 12.38 9208.00 113949.00
WMM cum 37.13 1906.00 70760.25

112
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr. Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Supplying, fabricating and Erecting Chain
Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I. mesh of
size 50 x 50mmmm diamond pattern and as
per specificationsand
and drawings, including
providing and erecting6565 x 65 x 6 angle
posts @ 2.4m C/C with cross
crosssupport at
every 8th pole and at corners, MS
MSAngle
35mm x 35mm x 3mm thick at top
andbottom
bottom of chain link with necessary U
hooks,nuts
nuts and bolts, washers, total
9 height of fencing@@ 2.1m above drain wall
including embeddingthethe angle post in the
concrete of drain wall,cleaning
cleaning an
and
preparing surface, applying one
onecoat of
red oxide zinc chromate primer and
twocoats
coats of Synthetic Enamel paint after
fabricationand
and touchup paint after
erection if required ofapproved
approved
manufacture, brand, colour, shade
shadeetc.
complete as directed by Engin
Engineer
InCharge.
Height of 2.1m sqm 0.00 1300.00 0.00
Sub Total (A) 15697858.52

113
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 4 (0.00 M - 1390.00 M)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains /
catch water drains etc., including dressing
bed and sides to required level and
profile, cost of all materials, machinery,
labour, placing the excavated
cavated soil neatly
in dump area or for the formation of
service road / embankment as directed
etc., complete with initial lead upto 1 km
1 and all lifts. Complete as per specification
and as per the directions of Engineer In
charge.
Page 126,127,128 of AP IW W- SOR -2016-
17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 4678.74 95.60 447287.54
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 2339.37 129.90 303884.16
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 779.79 551.20 429820.25
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking
of excavated materials for pipe line trench
work.. Complete as per the specifications
2 and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as
well as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm
thick) including water bound macadam Sq.m 337.50 65.60 22140.00
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in
layers of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of
all materials, machinery, labour, watering,
ramming etc., complete with initial lead
3
upto 50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 500.40 563.50 281975.40
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

114
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded aggregates
including cost of all materials, machinery,
labour, formwork, centering, scaffolding,
cleaning, batching, mixing, placing in
position,, levelling, vibrating, finishing,
4
curing etc.. Complete for plain concrete
works with initial lead upto 1 km and Lead
Charges for 1Km for Steel (including
Loading and Unloading Charges) Lead
Charges for 1Km for Steel (including
Loading and Unloading
Charges)Complete
s)Complete as per specifications
and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge
for Drains
cum 305.80 4470.60 1367109.48
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 33.75 4470.60 150882.75
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded aggregates
for foundation filling including cost of all
5 materials, machinery,, labour, formwork,
cleaning, batching, mixing, placing in
position, levelling, vibrating, finishing,
curing etc., complete with initial lead upto
50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge.
for Drains
cum 1560.28 5361.10 8364790.30
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17
for Culverts
cum 114.75 5361.10 615186.23
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17

115
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in
position reinforcement steel bars for
RCC works including cleaning,
straightening, cutting, bending, hooking,
lapping, tying with 1.25 mm dia.soft
6
annealed steel wire, welding wherever
required including cost of all materials,
machinery, labour etc., complete with
initial lead upto 50 and all lifts. complete
as per specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 120.14 49600 5959002.28
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 8.47 49600 420174.00
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the
7 full width of the structure with slope of 1V
:20H towards drawing foce. Complete as
per drawing and Technical Specifications
complete te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 697.00 251.00 174947.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 16.88 9208.00 155385.00
WMM cum 50.63 1906.00 96491.25

116
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Supplying, fabricating and Erecting Chain
Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I. mesh of
size 50 x 50mmmm diamond pattern and as
per specificationsand
and drawings, including
providing and erecting65 65 x 65 x 6 angle
posts @ 2.4m C/C with cross
crosssupport at
every 8th pole and at corners, MSMSAngle
35mm x 35mm x 3mm thick at top
andbottom
bottom of chain link with necessary U
hooks,nuts
nuts and bolts, washers, total
9
height of fencing@@ 2.1m above drain wall
including embeddingthe the angle post in the
concrete of drain wall,cleaning
cleaning an
and
preparing surface, applying oneonecoat of
red oxide zinc chromate primer and
twocoats
coats of Synthetic Enamel paint after
fabricationand
and touchup paint after erection
if required ofapproved
approved manufacture,
brand, colour, shadeetc.
etc. complete as
directed by Engineer InCharge.
Charge.
Height of 2.1m sqm 0.00 1300.00 0.00
Sub Total (A) 18789075.64

117
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 5 (0.00 M - 3735.00 M)
Unit
Sr
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate Amount (RS)
no
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains / catch
water drains etc., including dressing bed
and sides to required level and profile, cost
of all materials, machinery, labour, placing
the excavated
cavated soil neatly in dump area or
for the formation of service road /
embankment as directed etc., complete
with initial lead upto 1 km and all lifts.
1
Complete as per specification and as per
the directions of Engineer In charge.
Page 126,127,128 of AP IW W- SOR -2016-
17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 30855.90 95.60 2949824.04
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 15427.95 129.90 2004090.71
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 5142.65 551.20 2834628.68
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking of
excavated materials for pipe line trench
work.. Complete as per the specifications
2 and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as well
as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm thick)
including water bound macadam Sq.m 620.00 65.60 40672.00
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in
layers of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour, watering,
ramming etc., complete with initial lead
3
upto 50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 3062.70 563.50 1725831.45
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

118
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate Amount (RS)
no
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded aggregates
including cost of all materials, machinery,
labour, formwork, centering, scaffolding,
cleaning, batching, mixing, placing in
4 position,, levelling, vibrating, finishing,
curing etc.. Complete for plain concrete
works with initial lead upto 1 km and Lead
Charges for 1Km for Steel (including
Loading and Unloading Charges) Lead
Charges for 1Km for Steel (including
Loading and Unloading ChargeCharges)Complete
as per specifications and as per the
directions of Engineer In Charge
for Drains
cum 2058.56 4470.60 9202975.98
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 62.00 4470.60 277177.20
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size
approved, clean, hard, graded aggregates
for foundation filling including cost of all
5 materials, machinery,, labour, formwork,
cleaning, batching, mixing, placing in
position, levelling, vibrating, finishing,
curing etc., complete with initial lead upto
50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge.
for Drains
cum 11097.21 5361.10 59493265.93
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17
for Culverts
cum 282.85 5361.10 1516387.14
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016 2016-17

119
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate Amount (RS)
no
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in
position reinforcement steel bars for
RCC works including cleaning,
straightening, cutting, bending, hooking,
lapping, tying with 1.25 mm dia.soft
6
annealed steel wire, welding wherever
required including cost of all materials,
machinery, labour etc., complete with initial
lead upto 50 and all lifts. complete as per
specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 854.49 49600 42382473.98
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 21.28 49600 1055552.48
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the full
7 width of the structure with slope of 1V :20H
towards drawing foce. Complete as per
drawing and Technical Specifications
complete
te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 1874.00 251.00 470374.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 31.00 9208.00 285448.00
WMM cum 93.00 1906.00 177258.00

120
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate Amount (RS)
no
(Rs)
Supplying, fabricating and Erecting Chain
Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I. mesh of size
50 x 50mmmm diamond pattern and as per
specificationsand
and drawings, including
providing and erecting65 65 x 65 x 6 angle
posts @ 2.4m C/C with cross
crosssupport at
every 8th pole and at corners, MSMSAngle
35mm x 35mm x 3mm thick at top
andbottom
bottom of chain link with necessary U
hooks,nuts
nuts and bolts, washers, total height
9
of fencing@@ 2.1m above drain wall
including embeddingthe the angle post in the
concrete of drain wall,cleaning
cleaning an
and
preparing surface, applying oneonecoat of red
oxide zinc chromate primer and two twocoats
of Synthetic Enamel paint after
fabricationand
and touchup paint after erection
if required ofapproved
approved manufacture, brand,
colour, shadeetc.
etc. complete as directed by
Engineer InCharge.
Height of 2.1m sqm 0.00 1300.00 0.00
Sub Total (A) 124415959.59

121
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 6 (195.00 M - 2575.00 M)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains / catch
water drains etc., including dressing bed
and sides to required level and profile, cost
of all materials, machinery, labour, placing
the excavated
cavated soil neatly in dump area or for
the formation of service road / embankment
as directed etc., complete with initial lead
1 upto 1 km and all lifts. Complete as per
specification and as per the directions of
Engineer In charge.
Page 126,127,128 of AP IW W- SOR -2016-17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 16478.87 95.60 1575379.78
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 8239.43 129.90 1070302.48
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 2746.48 551.20 1513858.67
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking of
excavated materials for pipe line trench
work.. Complete as per the specifications
2 and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as well
as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm thick)
including water bound macadam Sq.m 347.50 65.60 22796.00
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in layers
of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour, watering,
ramming etc., complete with initial lead upto
3
50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 1132.64 563.50 638242.64
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

122
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size approved,
clean, hard, graded aggregates including
cost of all materials, machinery, labour,
formwork, centering, scaffolding, cleaning,
batching, mixing, placing in position
position,
4
levelling, vibrating, finishing, curing etc
etc.
Complete for plain concrete works with
initial lead upto 1 km and Lead Charges for
1Km for Steel (including Loading and
Unloading Charges) Lead Charges for 1Km
for Steel (including Loading and Unloading
Charges)Complete
s)Complete as per specifications and
as per the directions of Engineer In Charge
for Drains
cum 1559.90 4470.60 6973688.94
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 34.75 4470.60 155353.35
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25
(28 days cube compressive strength not
less than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement
concrete using 20 mm down size approved,
clean, hard, graded aggregates for
foundation filling including cost of all
5
materials, machinery,, labour, formwork,
cleaning, batching, mixing, placing in
position, levelling, vibrating, finishing, curing
etc., complete with initial lead upto 50 m and
all lifts. complete as per specifications and
as per the directions of Engineer In Charge.
for Drains
cum 6024.22 5361.10 32296445.84
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016
2016-17
for Culverts
cum 148.50 5361.10 796123.35
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016
2016-17

123
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in position
reinforcement steel bars for RCC works
including cleaning, straightening, cutting,
bending, hooking, lapping, tying with 1.25
6 mm dia.soft annealed steel wire, welding
wherever required including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour etc., complete
with initial lead upto 50 and all lifts.
complete as per specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 463.86 49600 23007701.02
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 11.06 49600 548469.36
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the full
7 width of the structure with slope of 1V :20H
towards drawing foce. Complete as per
drawing and Technical Specifications
complete
te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 1195.00 251.00 299945.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 17.38 9208.00 159989.00
WMM cum 52.13 1906.00 99350.25

124
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)

Supplying, fabricating and Erecting Chain


Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I. mesh of size
50 x 50mmmm diamond pattern and as per
specificationsand
and drawings, including
providing and erecting65 65 x 65 x 6 angle
posts @ 2.4m C/C with crosscrosssupport at
every 8th pole and at corners, MS MSAngle
35mm x 35mm x 3mm thick at top
andbottom
bottom of chain link with necessary U
9 hooks,nuts
nuts and bolts, washers, total height
of fencing@@ 2.1m above drain wall including
embeddingthe the angle post in the concrete of
drain wall,cleaning and d preparing surface,
applying onecoat
coat of red oxide zinc chromate
primer and twocoats
coats of Synthetic Enamel
paint after fabricationand
and touchup paint after
erection if required ofapproved
approved manufacture,
brand, colour, shadeetc.etc. complete as
directed by Engineer InCharge.
Charge.

Height of 2.1m sqm 9996.00 1300.00 12994800.00


Sub Total (A) 82152445.69

125
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
TIRUPATI MUNICIPAL CORPORATION
COST ESTIMATION - DRAIN 7 (376.00 M - 0.00 M) & (0.00 M - 947 M)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Excavation in all kinds of soil including
boulders upto 0.3 m diameter for canal,
seating of embankment, filter drains / catch
water drains etc., including dressing bed and
sides to required level and profile, cost of all
materials, machinery, labour, pplacing the
excavated soil neatly in dump area or for the
formation of service road / embankment as
directed etc., complete with initial lead upto
1 1 km and all lifts. Complete as per
specification and as per the directions of
Engineer In charge.
Page 126,127,128
7,128 of AP IW
IW- SOR -2016-17
in All Kinds of soil
Cum 9692.30 95.60 926583.69
Page 126, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
in soft rock
Cum 4846.15 129.90 629514.76
Page 127, of AP IW- SOR -2016-18
in Hard rock
Cum 1615.38 551.20 890399.11
Page 223, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Cutting road surface including stacking of
excavated materials for pipe line trench
work.. Complete as per the specifications
2 and as per the directions of Engineer In
Charge etc
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
a) Cutting open B.T.. road surface (as well
as asphalt concrete upto 75 mm thick)
including water bound macadam Sq.m 110.00 65.60 7216.00
Page 6, Item no. 25. of AP WSW
WSW- SOR -
2016-17
Providing rubble and sand filling in layers
of 22.5 to 30 cm including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour, watering,
ramming etc., complete with initial lead upto
3
50 m and all lifts. complete as per
specifications and as per the directions of
Engineer In Charge
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Drains
cum 476.28 563.50 268383.78
Page 155, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17

126
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-15 (28
days cube compressive strength not less
than 15 N / sq mm ) grade cement concrete
using 20 mm down size approved, clean,
hard, graded aggregates including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour, formwork,
centering, scaffolding, cleaning, batching,
mixing, placing in position,, levelling,
4
vibrating, finishing, curing etc
etc. Complete for
plain concrete works with initial lead upto 1
km and Lead Charges for 1Km for Steel
(including Loading and Unloading Charges)
Lead Charges for 1Km for Steel (including
Loading and Unloading Charge
Charges)Complete
as per specifications and as per the
directions of Engineer In Charge
for Drains
cum 687.96 4470.60 3075593.98
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
for Culverts
cum 11.00 4470.60 49176.60
Page 58, of AP IW- SOR --2016-17
Providing and laying insitu vibrated M-25 (28
days cube compressive strength not less
than 25 N / sq mm ) grade cement concrete
using 20 mm down size approved, clean,
hard, graded aggregates for foundation
filling including cost of all materials,
5
machinery,, labour, formwork, cleaning,
batching, mixing, placing in position,
levelling, vibrating, finishing, curing etc.,
complete with initial lead upto 50 m and all
lifts. complete as per specifications and as
per the directions of Engineer In Charge.
for Drains
cum 2278.87 5361.10 12217236.55
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016
2016-17
for Culverts
cum 49.20 5361.10 263766.12
Page 64 of AP IW- SOR -2016
2016-17

127
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)
Providing, fabricating and placing in position
reinforcement steel bars for RCC works
including cleaning, straightening, cutting,
bending, hooking, lapping, tying with 1.25
6 mm dia.soft annealed steel wire, welding
wherever required including cost of all
materials, machinery, labour etc., complete
with initial lead upto 50 and all lifts. complete
as per specifications.
for Drains
Tonne 175.47 49600 8703450.76
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
for Culverts
Tonne 3.74 49600 185494.08
Page 168, of AP IW- SOR -2016-17
Providing weep holes in Brick
masonry/Plain/ Reinforced concrete
abutment, wing wall/ return wall with 100
mm dia AC pipe, extending through the full
7 width of the structure with slope of 1V :20H
towards drawing foce. Complete as per
drawing and Technical Specifications
complete
te and as per specification and
directed by Engineer-In-Charge.
Charge.
At 2m interval RM 666.00 251.00 167166.00
8 Bituminous Road Restoration:
Bituminous Concrete cum 5.50 9208.00 50644.00
WMM cum 16.50 1906.00 31449.00

128
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
Unit
Sr Amount
DESCRIPTION OF WORKS Unit Quantity Rate
no (RS)
(Rs)

Supplying, fabricating and Erecting Chain


Linkfencing of 10 gauge G.I. mesh of size
50 x 50mmmm diamond pattern and as per
specificationsand
and drawings, including
providing and erecting65 65 x 65 x 6 angle
posts @ 2.4m C/C with crosscrosssupport at
every 8th pole and at corners, MS MSAngle
35mm x 35mm x 3mm thick at top
andbottom
bottom of chain link with necessary U
9 hooks,nuts
nuts and bolts, washers, total height
of fencing@@ 2.1m above drain wall including
embeddingthe the angle post in the concrete of
drain wall,cleaning and d preparing surface,
applying onecoat
coat of red oxide zinc chromate
primer and twocoats
coats of Synthetic Enamel
paint after fabricationand
and touchup paint after
erection if required ofapproved
approved manufacture,
brand, colour, shadeetc.etc. complete as
directed by Engineer InCharge.
Charge.

Height of 2.1m sqm 0.00 1300.00 0.00


Sub Total (A) 27466074.42

129
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE V
Depth of water level – Pre-monsoon (CGWB map)

130
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE VI
Depth of water level – Post-monsoon (CGWB map)

131
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
ANNEXURE VII
Structural Design Calculations

132
Andhra Pradesh Urban Finance &
Infrastructure Development Corporation PDMC for Tirupati City for Atal Mission for
Rejuvenation and Urban transformation (AMRUT)
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED JOB NO.: TCE. 10282A
DATE: 07-12-2016 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT CORP. SUBJECT:
1 OF 10 0
CHD.: RNP PROJECT:PDMC for AMRUT DOC. NO.:
DATE: 07-12-2016 BU: INFBU DC: MUM DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Design calculation for Box Culvert (Two compartments ) References

Dimenion of drain
Width of drain = 2500 (Two Compartments )
Height of the drain = 2800
Grade of Concrete fck = 25 N/mm
2

Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm


2

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil SBC = 150.0 kN/m


2

Modulus of Subgrade = 6000 kN/m /m


2

Soil Density γ = 21.0 kN/m Back fill density


3

Surcharge Load = 7.2 kN/m


2

Clear Cover of Walls = 40 mm


Clear cover of Base Slab = 40 mm
ρs kN/m
3
Density of Concrete = 25 Table 16
Density of Water in Tank ω = 10 kN/m IS 456 :2000
3

Height of the drain = 2.8 m


Ka = 0.33

Load Calculation

Pressure due to surcharge P1 = 7.2 kN/m IRC 6


2

Pressure due to soil from outside of drain P2' = γ*H*Ka


P2' = 19.40 kN/m
2

Pressure on walls due to Water P3 = ω*H


P3 = 28.00 kN/m
2

Pressure on base slab due to water P4 = γ*H


= 28.00 kN/m
2

Staad model

FILE NAME: F010R3.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R3


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP.
DOC. NO.:
RNP
CHD.: PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:
DATE: 08-12-2016 JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

BASE PRESSURE DESIGN

BASE PRESSURE = 140.655 < 150.00 Kn/m2

OK

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT : PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Input Data:

Grade of Concrete fcu = 25 N/mm2


Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm2
Clear Cover = 40 mm

Stadd output

Design Of wall

Diagram showing wall plate with local axis

Horizontal reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 8 mm
thickness = 250 mm
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 is456 fig 23

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 6.09 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sx) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 81.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 6.09 kN m

M/bd2 = 6090000/(1000*206^2) = 0.14 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.04 %

Ast1 = 0.04 * 1000 * 206 / 100 = 88.69 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = = 0.00 mm2

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT : PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Ast1+Ast2 = 88.69 mm2

Calculations for tension governing case:

Corresponding Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 0.83 kN m FACTORED

Maximum tensile stress (Sx) = 0.06 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 15.00 kN

e = M/N = 55.33 mm
d-h/2 = 81.00 mm
e< d-h/2 section is mostly in tension
calculations of reinforcement for both face
Ast1 face 1 = 29.02 mm2

Ast1A face 2 = 5.46 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 88.69 mm2/m

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100*2 = 300 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 300.00 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 150 mm

Provide T8 @ 150mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.16 % 335.103 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qx+Sxy ) = 0.05 N/mm2 < 0.32 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.32 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required
Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

Check for Axial Compressive Strength in Concrete


Compressive Stress in Concrete (min Sx) = 0.05 N/mm
2
< 10.00

Allowable Compressive Stress in Concrete = 10.00 N/mm


2
(0.4x fck) RCC Design by
Hence Ok Shah and Karve

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDING IN HORIZONTAL -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 335 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 250 mm
d= 206 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 150 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 8 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 83.0 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 4.1 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.002
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 41.9 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 192


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 63 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 1.01 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.000400
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.001312
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = -0.000912

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = -0.161 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT : PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0
Vertical reinforcement calculations
Reinforcement Diameter = 10 mm
thickness = 250 mm IS 3370: 2009
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 Table 4

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 39.10 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sy) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 80.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 39.10 kN m

M/bd2 = 39095000/(1000*205^2) = 0.93 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.31 %

Ast1 = 0.31 * 1000 * 205 / 100 = 629.33 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = 0.00 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 629.33 mm2

Calculations for tension governing case:

Corresponding Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 0.05 kN m FACTORED

Maximum tensile stress (Sy) = 0.25 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 63.00 kN

e = M/N = 0.84 mm
d-h/2 = 80.00 mm
e< d-h/2 section is mostly in tension
calculations of reinforcement for both face
Ast1 face 1 = 73.18 mm2

Ast1A face 2 = 71.65 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 629.33 mm2/m

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100*2 = 300 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 629.33 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT : PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Spacing = 100 mm

Section governing in bending in vertical direction.

Provide T10 @ 100mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.38 % 785.398 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qy+Sxy ) = 0.29 N/mm2 < 0.44 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.44 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required
Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDING IN VERTICAL -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 785 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 250 mm
d= 205 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 100 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 10 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 62.3 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 26.1 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.004
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 60.3 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 185


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 179 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 4.67 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.001176
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.000528
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = 0.000649

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.098 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A
P
DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Input Data:

Grade of Concrete fcu = 25 N/mm2


Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm2
Clear Cover = 40 mm

Stadd output

Design Of TOP SLAB

X direction reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 12 mm
thickness = 250 mm
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 is456 fig 23

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 55.02 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sx) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 79.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 55.02 kN m

M/bd2 = 55022000/(1000*204^2) = 1.32 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.40 %

Ast1 = 0.4 * 1000 * 204 / 100 = 809.15 mm /m


2

Ast2 due to tensile force = = 0.00 mm2

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A
P
DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Ast1+Ast2 = 809.15 mm
2

Calculations for tension governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 6.50 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sx) = 0.11 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 27.50 kN

e = M/N = 236.36 mm
d-h/2 = 79.00 mm
e> d-h/2 section mostly in bending

Modified moment M1 = 4.33 kN m

M/bd2 = 4327500/(1000*204^2) = 0.10 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.03 %

Ast1 = 0.03 * 1000 * 204 / 100 = 70.00 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = = 63.22 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 133.22 mm
2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 809.15 mm /m


2

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100*2 = 300 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 809.15 mm /m


2

( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 125 mm

Provide T12 @ 125mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.44 % 904.779 mm /m


2

Section governing in bending in horizontal direction


(on each face)
Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qx+Sxy ) = 0.79 N/mm2 > 0.47 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.47 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Shear Reinforcement is required

Enhanced shear strength of concrete = 2*d*τc/av Clause 40.5.1

Effective depth d = 210 mm


av = 105 mm

Enhnanced shear strength = 3 N/mm2 > 0.8 N/mm2


Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

Check for Axial Compressive Strength in Concrete


Compressive Stress in Concrete (min Sx) = 0.05 N/mm
2
< 10.00

Allowable Compressive Stress in Concrete = 10.00 N/mm


2
(0.4x fck) RCC Design by
Hence Ok Shah and Karve

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS -BENDING IN X DIRECTION -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 905 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 250 mm
d= 204 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 125 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 12 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 71.6 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 36.7 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.004
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 63.7 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 183


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 222 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 6.30 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.001473
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.000456
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = 0.001017

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.163 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A
P
DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Y direction reinforcement calculations


Reinforcement Diameter = 8 mm
thickness = 250 mm IS 3370: 2009
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 Table 4

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 12.50 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sy) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 81.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 12.50 kN m

M/bd2 = 12501000/(1000*206^2) = 0.29 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.10 %

Ast1 = 0.1 * 1000 * 206 / 100 = 200.26 mm /m


2

Ast2 due to tensile force = 0.00 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 200.26 mm
2

Calculations for tension governing case:


corresponding Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 4.37 kN m FACTORED

Maximum tensile stress (Sy) = 0.02 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 4.50 kN

e = M/N = 971.56 mm
d-h/2 = 81.00 mm
e> d-h/2 section mostly in bending

Modified moment M1 = 4.01 kN m

M/bd2 = 4007500/(1000*206^2) = 0.09 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.03 %

Ast1 = 0.03 * 1000 * 206 / 100 = 64.20 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = 10.34 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 74.54 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 200.26 mm /m


2

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100*2 = 300 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 300.00 mm /m


2

( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 150 mm

Provide T8 @ 150mm c/c

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A
P
DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.16 % 335.103 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qy+Sxy ) = 0.39 N/mm2 > 0.32 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.32 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Shear Reinforcement is required

Enhanced shear strength of concrete = 2*d*τc/av Clause 40.5.1

Effective depth d = 210 mm


av = 105 mm

Enhnanced shear strength = 2 N/mm2 > 0.4 N/mm2


Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDINIG IN Y DIRECTION
P

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 335 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 250 mm
d= 206 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 150 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 8 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 83.0 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 8.3 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.002
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 41.9 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 192


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 130 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 2.07 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.000821
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.001312
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = -0.000491

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = -0.086 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:
RNP
CHD.: PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Design of bottom slab

Input Data:

Grade of Concrete fcu = 25 N/mm


2

Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm


2

Clear Cover = 40 mm

Stadd output

Section governing in shear

x direction reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 12 mm
thickness = 250 mm

Calculation
Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 45.30 kN m FACTORED

M/bd = 45299000/(1000*204^2) = 1.09 Table 4


2

SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.36 %

As = 0.36 * 1000 * 204 / 100 = 732.78 mm /m


2

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:
RNP
CHD.: PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0
Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1
IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 0.24 * 1000 * 250 / 100*2 = 300.00 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 732.78 mm /m


2

( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 150 mm

Provide T12 @ 150mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.37 % 753.982 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength at d
Shear Stress(Qx+Sxy ) = 0.44 N/mm2 > 0.43 N/mm2
at d from face of wall Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.43 N/mm2 IS 456:2000

Shear Reinforcement is required

Enhanced shear strength of concrete = 2*d*τc/av

Effective depth d = 210 mm


av = 105 mm

Enhnanced shear strength = 1.7 N/mm2 > 0.4 N/mm2

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDING IN X DIRECTION

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 754 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 250 mm
d= 204 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 150 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 12 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 82.0 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 30.2 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.0 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.67
" r " = As/bd = 0.004
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 60.1 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 184


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 218 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 5.46 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.001437
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.000554
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = 0.000883

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.151 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:
RNP
CHD.: PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Y direction reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 8 mm
thickness = 250 mm

Calculation
Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 6.71 kN m FACTORED

M/bd = 6705000/(1000*206^2) = 0.16 Table 4


2

SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.05 %

As = 0.05 * 1000 * 206 / 100 = 107.41 mm /m


2

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100*2 = 300.00 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 300.00 mm /m


2

( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 150 mm

Provide T8 @ 150mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.16 % 335.103 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qy+Sxy ) = 0.05 N/mm2 < 0.32 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.32 N/mm2 IS 456:2000

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDING IN Y DIRECTION

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 335 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 250 mm
d= 206 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 150 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 8 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 83.0 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 4.5 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.0 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.67
" r " = As/bd = 0.002
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 42.7 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 192


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 70 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 1.09 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.000442
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.001309
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = -0.000867

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = -0.153 mm
w < 0.1, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED JOB NO.: TCE. 10282A
DATE: 07-12-2016 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT CORP. SUBJECT:
1 OF 10 0
CHD.: RNP PROJECT:PDMC for AMRUT DOC. NO.:
DATE: 07-12-2016 BU: INFBU DC: MUM DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Design calculation for Box Culvert References

Dimenion of drain
Width of drain = 2800
Height of the drain = 1800
Grade of Concrete fck = 25 N/mm
2

Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm


2

Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil SBC = 150.0 kN/m


2

Modulus of Subgrade = 6000 kN/m /m


2

Soil Density γ = 21.0 kN/m Back fill density


3

Surcharge Load = 7.2 kN/m


2

Clear Cover of Walls = 40 mm


Clear cover of Base Slab = 40 mm
ρs kN/m
3
Density of Concrete = 25 Table 16
Density of Water in Tank ω = 10 kN/m IS 456 :2000
3

Height of the drain = 1.8 m


Ka = 0.33

Load Calculation

Pressure due to surcharge P1 = 7.2 kN/m


2

Pressure due to soil from outside of drain P2' = γ*H*Ka


P2' = 12.47 kN/m
2

Pressure on walls due to Water P3 = ω*H


P3 = 18.00 kN/m
2

Pressure on base slab due to water P4 = γ*H


= 18.00 kN/m
2

Staad model

FILE NAME: F010R3.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R3


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP.
DOC. NO.:
RNP
CHD.: PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:
DATE: 08-12-2016 JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

BASE PRESSURE CHECK

BASE PRESSURE = 77.607 < 150.00 Kn/m2

OK

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282 A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT: PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Input Data:

Grade of Concrete fcu = 25 N/mm2


Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm2
Clear Cover = 40 mm

Stadd output

Design Of wall

Horizontal reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 8 mm
thickness = 200 mm
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 is456 fig 23

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 2.97 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sx) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 56.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 2.97 kN m

M/bd2 = 2972000/(1000*156^2) = 0.12 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.04 %

Ast1 = 0.04 * 1000 * 156 / 100 = 57.15 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = = 0.00 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 57.15 mm2

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282 A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT: PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Calculations for tension governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 1.56 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sx) = 0.02 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 4.00 kN

e = M/N = 390.00 mm
d-h/2 = 56.00 mm
e> d-h/2 section mostly in bending

Modified moment M1 = 1.34 kN m

M/bd2 = 1336000/(1000*156^2) = 0.05 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.02 %

Ast1 = 0.02 * 1000 * 156 / 100 = 28.26 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = = 9.20 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 37.46 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 57.15 mm2/m

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100 = 240 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 240.00 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 200 mm

Provide T8 @ 200mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.16 % 251.327 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qx+Sxy ) = 0.05 N/mm2 < 0.32 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.32 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required
Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

Check for Axial Compressive Strength in Concrete


Compressive Stress in Concrete (min Sx) = 0.05 N/mm
2
< 10.00

Allowable Compressive Stress in Concrete = 10.00 N/mm


2
(0.4x fck) RCC Design by
Hence Ok Shah and Karve

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - FLEXURE -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 251 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
d= 156 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 200 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 8 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 105.3 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 2.0 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.002
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 31.6 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 145


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 54 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 0.86 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.000367
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.001512
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = -0.001145

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = -0.204 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282 A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT: PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Vertical reinforcement calculations


Reinforcement Diameter = 10 mm
thickness = 200 mm IS 3370: 2009
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 Table 4

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 19.15 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sy) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 55.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 19.15 kN m

M/bd2 = 19150000/(1000*155^2) = 0.80 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.26 %

Ast1 = 0.26 * 1000 * 155 / 100 = 407.71 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = 0.00 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 407.71 mm2

Calculations for tension governing case:


corresponding Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 0.34 kN m FACTORED

Maximum tensile stress (Sy) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.60 kN

e = M/N = 571.67 mm
d-h/2 = 55.00 mm
e> d-h/2 section mostly in bending

Modified moment M1 = 0.31 kN m

M/bd2 = 310000/(1000*155^2) = 0.01 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.00 %

Ast1 = 0 * 1000 * 155 / 100 = 6.60 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = 1.38 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 7.98 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 407.71 mm2/m

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282 A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT: PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100 = 240 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 407.71 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 175 mm

Provide T10 @ 175mm c/c

Section governing in bending in vertical direction

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.29 % 448.799 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qy+Sxy ) = 0.09 N/mm2 < 0.39 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.39 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required
Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - FLEXURE -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 449 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
d= 155 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 175 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 10 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 93.4 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 12.8 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.003
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 40.5 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 141


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 201 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 4.45 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.001401
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.000825
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = 0.000576

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.097 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Input Data:

Grade of Concrete fcu = 25 N/mm2


Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm2
Clear Cover = 40 mm

Stadd output

Design Of TOP SLAB

X Direction reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 10 mm
thickness = 200 mm
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 is456 fig 23

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 27.67 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sx) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 55.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 27.67 kN m

M/bd2 = 27673000/(1000*155^2) = 1.15 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.35 %

Ast1 = 0.35 * 1000 * 155 / 100 = 535.61 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = = 0.00 mm2

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Ast1+Ast2 = 535.61 mm2

Calculations for tension governing case:

Corresponding Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 0.40 kN m FACTORED

Maximum tensile stress (Sx) = 0.06 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 12.00 kN

e = M/N = 33.33 mm
d-h/2 = 55.00 mm
e< d-h/2 section is mostly in tension
calculations of reinforcement for both face
Ast1 face 1 = 22.15 mm2

Ast1A face 2 = 5.43 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 535.61 mm2/m

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100 = 240 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 535.61 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 125 mm

Provide T10 @ 125mm c/c

Section governing in bending in x direction

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.41 % 628.319 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qx+Sxy ) = 0.28 N/mm2 < 0.45 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.45 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required
Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

Check for Axial Compressive Strength in Concrete


Compressive Stress in Concrete (min Sx) = 0.05 N/mm
2
< 10.00

Allowable Compressive Stress in Concrete = 10.00 N/mm


2
(0.4x fck) RCC Design by
Hence Ok Shah and Karve

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDIING IN X DIRECTION -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 628 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
d= 155 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 125 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 10 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 72.0 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 18.4 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00
" r " = As/bd = 0.004
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 46.7 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 139


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 211 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 5.67 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.001490
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.000576
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = 0.000914

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.139 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Y direction reinforcement calculations


Reinforcement Diameter = 8 mm
thickness = 200 mm IS 3370: 2009
Allowable stress in steel under direct tension, bending & shear = 435 N/mm2 Table 4

Calculations for moment governing case:

maximum Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 2.53 kN m FACTORED

corresponding tensile stress (Sy) = 0.00 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 0.00 kN

e = M/N = #DIV/0! mm
d-h/2 = 56.00 mm
#

Modified moment M1 = 2.53 kN m

M/bd2 = 2534000/(1000*156^2) = 0.10 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.03 %

Ast1 = 0.03 * 1000 * 156 / 100 = 53.60 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = 0.00 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 53.60 mm2

Calculations for tension governing case:


corresponding Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 1.52 kN m FACTORED

Maximum tensile stress (Sy) = 0.02 N/mm2

= Sy x 1000 x thk
Tensile force = 3.60 kN

e = M/N = 420.83 mm
d-h/2 = 56.00 mm
e> d-h/2 section mostly in bending

Modified moment M1 = 1.31 kN m

M/bd2 = 1313400/(1000*156^2) = 0.05 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.02 %

Ast1 = 0.02 * 1000 * 156 / 100 = 27.78 mm2/m

Ast2 due to tensile force = 8.28 mm2

Ast1+Ast2 = 36.06 mm2

Ast Required for combine bending and tension = 53.60 mm2/m

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE& INFRA DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP SUBJECT:


PROJECT PDMC FOR AMRUT
DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: Pune DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 250 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100 = 240 mm /m (on each face)
2

final Reinforcement required = 240.00 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 200 mm

Provide T8 @ 200mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.16 % 251.327 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qy+Sxy ) = 0.09 N/mm2 < 0.32 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.32 N/mm2 IS 456:2000
Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required
Table 20
Tc max = 3.5 N/mm2 TRUE is 456:2000

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - BENDING IN Y DIRECTION -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm
2

fy= 500 N/mm


2

Area of reinforcement " As " = 251 mm


2

b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
d= 156 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 200 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 8 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 105.3 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 1.7 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.5 KN/mm
2

moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm


2

Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.00


" r " = As/bd = 0.002
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r) + 2.a.r) .d = 31.6 mm
2 0.5

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 145


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 46 N/mm
2

Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = N/mm


2
0.73
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.000313
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x) /(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
2

e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x) /(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a


2

e2 = 0.001512
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = -0.001199

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.a cr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = -0.213 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:


DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Design of bottom slab

Input Data:

Grade of Concrete fcu = 25 N/mm2


Grade of Steel fy = 500 N/mm2
Clear Cover = 40 mm

Stadd output

Section governing in shear

x direction reinforcement calculations

Reinforcement Diameter = 10 mm
thickness = 200 mm

Calculation
Moment i.e Max (Mx+Mxy) M = 22.57 kN m FACTORED

M/bd2 = 22569000/(1000*155^2) = 0.94 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.31 %

As = 0.31 * 1000 * 155 / 100 = 480.50 mm2/m

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 0.24 * 1000 * 200 / 100*2 = 240.00 mm2/m (on each face)

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:


DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

final Reinforcement required = 480.50 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 150 mm

Provide T10 @ 150mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.34 % 523.599 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength at d
Shear Stress(Qx+Sxy ) = 0.25 N/mm2 < 0.42 N/mm2
at d from face of wall Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.42 N/mm 2
IS 456:2000

Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required

Enhanced shear strength of concrete = 2*d*τc/av

Effective depth d = 210 mm


av = 105 mm

Enhnanced shear strength = 1.7 N/mm2 > 0.4 N/mm2


Reinforcement Diameter = 8 mm
Thickness = 200 mm

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - X DIRECTION -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 524 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
d= 155 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 150 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 10 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 82.5 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 15.0 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.0 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.67
" r " = As/bd = 0.003
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 44.0 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 140


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 205 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 4.87 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.001439
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.000698
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = 0.000741

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = 0.119 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
BY: NK TATA CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED PROJECT: 10282A

DATE: 8-Dec-16 CLIENT: A.P URBAN FINANCE & INFRA. DEVELOPMENT CORP. DOC. NO.:

CHD.: RNP PROJECT PDMC for AMRUT SUBJECT:


DATE: JOB NO.: OFFICE: DISC.: CV SH. OF REV. NO.: 0

Y direction reinforcement calculations


Calculation
Moment i.e Max (My+Mxy) M = 2.74 kN m FACTORED

M/bd2 = 2740000/(1000*156^2) = 0.11 Table 4


SP 16
100 As / b d = 0.04 %

As = 0.04 * 1000 * 156 / 100 = 57.96 mm2/m

Asmin = 0.24 % CL 8.1.1


IS 3370-2:2009
Asmin = 200 * 1000 * 0.24 / 100*2 = 240.00 mm2/m (on each face)

final Reinforcement required = 240.00 mm2/m


( max of Ast & Ast min)

Spacing = 200 mm

Provide T8 @ 200mm c/c

Ast Provided is 100 As / b d = 0.16 % 251.327 mm /m


2

(on each face)


Check for Shear strength
Shear Stress(Qy+Sxy ) = 0.05 N/mm2 < 0.32 N/mm2
Table no 19 Pg no 73
Permissible shear stress = 0.32 N/mm2 IS 456:2000

Hence OK, No Shear Reinforcement is required

FILE NAME: F010R2.XLS TCE FORM NO. 010 R2


CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS - FLEXURE -

INPUT
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 500 N/mm2
Area of reinforcement " As " = 251 mm2
b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
d= 156 mm
Minimum cover to tension reinforcement " CO " = 40 mm
Maxmum bar spacing " S " = 200 mm
Bar dia " DIA " = 8 mm
" acr " =(((S/2)^2+(CO+DIA/2)^2)^(1/2)-DIA/2) as default or enter other value = 105.3 mm
"acr " is distance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar
Applied service moment " Ms "= 1.8 KNm

CALCULATIONS
moduli of elasticity of concrete " Ec" = (1/2)*(20+0.2*fcu) = 12.0 KN/mm2
moduli of elasticity of steel " Es " = 200.0 KN/mm2
Modular ratio " a " = (Es/Ec) = 16.67
" r " = As/bd = 0.002
depth to neutral axis, "x" = (-a.r +((a.r)2 + 2.a.r)0.5.d = 32.2 mm

" Z " = d-(x/3) = 145


Reinforcement stress " fs " = Ms/(As*Z) = 50 N/mm2
Concrete stress " fc " = (fs*As)/(0.5*b*x) = 0.78 N/mm2
Strain at soffit of concrete beam/slab " e1 " = (fs/Es)*(h-x)/(d-x) = 0.000339
Strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracks " e2 " =
e2 = b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.2 mm Used
e2 = 1.5.b.(h-x)2/(3.Es.As.(d-x)) for crack widths of 0.1 mm n/a
e2 = 0.001508
Average strain for calculation of crack width " em "= e1-e2 = -0.001169

Calculated crack width, " w " = 3.acr.em/(1+2.(acr-c)/(h-x))


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH, 'w' = -0.208 mm
w < 0.2, Hence Ok
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colony
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F:\107434\01.AMRUT\05.MISC\AP-Govt.png

'P' (PRELIMINARY) ISSUES ARE NOT TO BE USED FOR


CONSTRUCTION / FABRICATION BUT ARE ISSUED FOR
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Tourist
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Prop. Rob

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Katcha drain

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Reserved forest WTP UNDER

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31.5 MLD
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Open
n Lands Panchayat
oad Tank
sta Colony Jn
Road

RingR re Kr
ishna
Shiv Jyoti
ter
Ha
ma
Ou SVRR
Hare
Ra Nagar Padmaja Reddi Gunta
Hospital Jn
Marri chena Nagar
reddy colony
chena reddy
Somani Gunta
Varadharaj Yashoda
Timminaidupalem

KT Road
colony Nagar Nagar

O
Pachi Gunta

ld
Alip
iri
Ro
ad Kadhi Madura Leela Akkaram Palli

Reserved forest Singala Gunta


colony
Nagar
Mahal Jn Tank

Mettar
S.V GOVT

tirumala hills Berivani Gunta

Singala Gunta
Polytechnic TTD
ADMINISTRATION BLD
al
Ro
ad

ah
K.B Layout

Le
ela
M
Timminaidupalem
Gunta
Meternity Mudhitinayami
Sarojini devi
Hospital
Road
Bhavani Nagar Pana Sakalavari
layout Maternity Hospital
Ramchandra
Cheruvu Gunta
Delux Anjneya
Maternity
Hospital Jn Swamy
Giri Puram
Tyaga Raja Swamy Temple Ashok
Mandapam Nagar
New Municipal Jn
VV Mahal Road

ZONE - II
VV Mahal
Jn
Srinivasa TMC Office
Korlagunta Korlagunta Jn
Talkies
Nehru nagar VV Mahal R&R Colony TUDA Offi Tataiah
ce Jn Gunta

ad
Jyothi Vegetable
Talkies Kodanda Market
Ro Ramaswami TUDA
Office
ing
Temple

Anna Cheruvu
Ramachandra

d
Bomma Gunta

oa
R
S.V.UNIVERSITY
TK Road
Gunta
er
TUDA
Tata Nagar

kR
ut
Site
Gangamma

Tila
O
KT Road
Venkateswara Temple
Junior Kotramangalam
Bazaar Street

CAMPUS Ramakrishna
Puram
College

Narsinga
Bazar
Telephone
Exchange
Konkachennaiah
Padmavati Anumasai
6.00 x 3.00 M
Theertham Street Jn
Varadaraja
nager Tallampakari Gunta
Gunta
nagar
Gunta To Vijayawada
Garudanjaneya
Swami Jn
SRI PADMAVATHI MAHILA Gandhi Road Four Pillar Mandapam Jn
Jaya Syam & Kola
Velram Talkies
VISVAVIDYALAYAM Balaji Veshalamma
Residency
S V Music Talkies Street
Muni bus
Beri street

College Jn Govinda Raja Bandla Street

am
Swamy Stand
Dayyala
SVU Temple
d Gunta Venkateshewara

ani Guest House Indira Bus Stop Kalasham Jn

Kaly
Nagar
Sri Venkateshwara
High School
Railway

To Station Railway APSRTC


d
m Rao Station Jn Jammimanu Gunta Auto nagar
Prakash