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A

Project Report
On
STRESS, DISPLACEMENT, AND BUCKLING
ANALYSIS OF STEEL PLATE GIRDER

A dissertation work submitted towards partial fulfilment of the


requirement for the award of the degree of
MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING

BY
MAAZ BIN SALEH (16-H-11D-2006)

Under the supervision of

Mr. MOHAMMED KHAJA MOINUDDIN (PhD)


Assistant Professor

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


AL-HABEEB COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
AND TECHNOLOGY
(Affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University)
Damergidda (V), Chevella (M), RR Dist. – 501 503
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
AL-HABEEB COLLEGE OF ENGNEERING
AND TECHNOLOGY

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “STRESS,
DISPLACEMENT, AND BUCKLING ANALYSIS OF STEEL
PLATE GIRDER” submitted by MAAZ BIN SALEH (16-H-11D-2006)
during the academic year 2016-18 towards the partial fulfillment for the
award of degree of Master of Technology in Structural Engineering
from Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University in the month of
January, 2019.

Mr. Mohammed Khaja Moinuddin Mr. Mohammed Tosif Ahmed


Assistant professor, Assistant Professor & Department Head,
Civil Engineering Department Civil Engineering Department,
AHCET AHCET
\

Signature of External Examiner


DECLARATION

I do hereby declare that the dissertation work entitled


“STRESS, DISPLACEMENT, AND BUCKLING ANALYSIS OF A
STEEL PLATE GIRDER” is a record of an original work done by me
under the guidance of Mr. MOHAMMED KHAJA MOINUDDIN,
Assistant Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering, Al-Habeeb
College of Engineering & Technology, Chevella Mandal, RR District.
This report is submitted by me in the partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the award of degree of Master of Technology in
Structural Engineering to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological
University, Hyderabad in the month of January, 2019. The results
embodied in this report have not been submitted to any other University
or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma.

MAAZ BIN SALEH


(16-H-11D-2006)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude to my


esteemed guide Mr. Mohammed Khaja Moinuddin, Assistant
Professor of Civil Engineering Department for his invariable guidance,
unreserved cooperation and suggestions extended at all stages of this
dissertation work.
I’m very much thankful to Mr. Mohammed Tosif Ahmed,
Assistant Professor and Department Head of Civil Engineering
Department for valuable guidance, encouragement and providing facilities
for doing the dissertation work.
I’m also thankful to each and everyone who helped me directly
or indirectly in execution of this project.
ABSTRACT

With the increase in population and development of civilization,


the demand for transportation infrastructure is increased at peak rate.
Especially in towns due to rapid industrialization, the demand is
extremely high. Adapting the construction of plate girder bridges is the
efficient and economical way of meeting the traffic demands for the
purpose of railways and also for the bridges connecting the land masses
separated by water bodies.

Hence a Structural Engineer has to be knowledgeable about the


analysis of such plate girders employed in the construction of bridges
and also as heavy beams in buildings where large open area is required.
Advancements of Finite Element Analysis software packages have
significantly made ease to the designers in achieving the best optimum
results with utmost precision and accuracy in their work.

In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate the different


types of stresses, displacements and buckling mode shapes of 8 different
steel plate girder models and the results have been compared of all the
different plate girders comprising diverse shaped (viz., circular,
elliptical, chamfered square) web openings with that of the plate girders
without web openings taking into consideration the two different sets of
models, one set of models comprising flanges thickness size bearing
25mm and the other set of models bearing flange thickness 40mm. After
performing the entire analysis it has been found that plate girders with
soft web openings are considerably showing good performance and
leading to the efficient, economical and safe design saving the overall
material cost.