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GSM BSS

GBSS19.1

AMR Transmission Bandwidth


Compression Feature Parameter
Description

Issue 01
Date 2017-03-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2017. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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Email: support@huawei.com

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description Contents

Contents

1 About This Document.................................................................................................................. 1


1.1 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Intended Audience.......................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Change History............................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Overview......................................................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Benefits........................................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.3 NEs Supporting the Feature............................................................................................................................................3

3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................5
3.1 Single-User Speech Frame Multiplexing....................................................................................................................... 6
3.2 SID Frame Sending Period Adjustment......................................................................................................................... 6
3.3 Signaling-Plane Message Compression..........................................................................................................................7

4 Related Features.............................................................................................................................9
5 Network Impact........................................................................................................................... 14
5.1 System Capacity........................................................................................................................................................... 14
5.2 Network Performance...................................................................................................................................................14

6 Engineering Guidelines............................................................................................................. 15
6.1 When to Use AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression........................................................................................ 15
6.2 Required Information................................................................................................................................................... 15
6.3 Planning........................................................................................................................................................................ 15
6.4 Deployment.................................................................................................................................................................. 17
6.4.1 Requirements............................................................................................................................................................. 17
6.4.2 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................ 17
6.4.3 Activation.................................................................................................................................................................. 18
6.4.4 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................20
6.4.5 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................20
6.5 Performance Monitoring...............................................................................................................................................21
6.6 Parameter Optimization................................................................................................................................................ 22
6.7 Troubleshooting............................................................................................................................................................ 22

7 Parameters..................................................................................................................................... 23
8 Counters........................................................................................................................................ 31

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description Contents

9 Glossary......................................................................................................................................... 32
10 Reference Documents............................................................................................................... 33

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 1 About This Document

1 About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes GBFD-171216 AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression,
including its technical principles, related features, network impact, and engineering
guidelines.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:
l Need to understand the feature described herein
l Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes:

l Feature change
Changes in features and parameters of a specified version
l Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information and any related parameters affected by
editorial changes

01 (2017-03-15)
Compared with Issue Draft A (2016-12-30) of GBSS19.1, 01 (2017-03-15) of GBSS19.1
includes the following changes.

Change Type Change Description Parameter


Change

Feature change Added the AAU5940 in 6.3 Planning. None

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 1 About This Document

Change Type Change Description Parameter


Change

Editorial None None


change

Draft A (2016-12-30)
Compared with Issue 01 (2016-02-29) of GBSS18.1, Draft A (2016-12-30) of GBSS19.1
includes the following changes.

Change Type Change Description Parameter


Change

Feature change Added the GBFD-191201 Uplink CoMP (Joint None


RX) feature to "Mutually Exclusive Feature" in 4
Related Features.

Editorial None None


change

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 2 Overview

2 Overview

2.1 Introduction
During network deployment in environments such as rural areas, islands, and deserts, the Abis
interface generally uses satellite transmission, and the bandwidth lease costs are enormous.
Therefore, reducing transmission bandwidth of base stations becomes the operators' major
concern.

To reduce BTS transmission bandwidth usage, the AMR Transmission Bandwidth


Compression feature is introduced. This feature multiplexes single-user speech frames,
adjusts the silence insertion descriptor (SID) frame sending period, and compresses signaling-
plane messages.

2.2 Benefits
The AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature reduces usage of Abis transmission
bandwidth for CS services by 15% to 30%, thereby reducing transmission bandwidth lease
costs and the total cost of operation (TCO) for operators.

This feature applies only to AMR CS services. This feature provides considerable benefits
when CS services with little or no PS services are being processed. This feature produces the
best effect when the AMR coding rate is 4.75 kbit/s. This feature produces a negligible effect
on the OML and CSL. This feature does not apply to the RSL or OMCH.

2.3 NEs Supporting the Feature


Table 2-1 NEs supporting the feature

Feature Name BSC6900 BSC6910 GBTS eGBTS

AMR Transmission √ √ √ √
Bandwidth
Compression

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 2 Overview

NOTE

√ indicates that the NE supports this feature. × indicates that the NE does not support this feature.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

3 Technical Description

The AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature is enabled by setting


AMRTransBandthCompSw(BSC6900,BSC6910) to ON(On).
This feature provides the following functions:
l Single-user speech frame multiplexing
l SID frame sending period adjustment
l Signaling-plane message compression
The AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature applies to Abis over IP mode and
takes effect only when AMR FR or AMR HR coding rates are used. For details about AMR
coding rates, see AMR Feature Parameter Description.
When enabled, this feature takes effect for newly admitted calls but not for ongoing calls.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

3.1 Single-User Speech Frame Multiplexing


By compressing AMR speech frames, this function multiplexes payloads of multiple AMR
speech frames for a single user and then sends them together. This way, the number of IP
packet headers and PTRAU headers of AMR speech frames decreases, thereby saving
transmission bandwidth.

NOTE

TRAU is short for transcoder and rate adapter unit for speech frames. PTRAU refers to packet TRAU.

Figure 3-1 Packet format

Figure 3-1 shows the formats before and after multiplexing. Before multiplexing, each AMR
speech frame carries one IP header and one PTRAU header. After multiplexing, the payloads
of multiple speech frames carry one IP header and one PTRAU header.

The BSS buffers and multiplexes single-user AMR speech frames. The system then sends the
multiplexed packets when either of the following conditions is met:

l The buffer duration is greater than or equal to the actual value of the multiplexing delay
specified by AbisUserFrameMuxDelay(BSC6900,BSC6910).
l The number of buffered frames reaches the maximum number of multiplexed frames,
which is equal to the configured value of
AbisUserFrameMuxDelay(BSC6900,BSC6910) plus 1.

When AbisUserFrameMuxDelay(BSC6900,BSC6910) is set to 0, speech frames are not


multiplexed for a single user.

3.2 SID Frame Sending Period Adjustment


This function extends the period for sending SID frames between the BTS and BSC when
DTX is enabled and a call is in the silent state. This function helps save transmission
bandwidth.

AbisSIDSendPeriod(BSC6900,BSC6910) specifies the period for sending SID frames.

For details about SID frames, see Discontinuous Transmission and Discontinuous
Reception Feature Parameter Description.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

3.3 Signaling-Plane Message Compression


This function extends the period of time between BTS status reports and the period of time
between BTS resource queries over the OML or CSL. This function helps save transmission
bandwidth.

NOTE

OML: link between the BSC and the GBTS


CSL: link between the BSC and the eGBTS

This function is enabled by setting BTSSignalMsgCompSw(BSC6900,BSC6910) to ON(On).

This function compresses the following signaling-plane messages.

Table 3-1 Signaling-plane message compression (OML)

Message Type Message Function Function Impact


Content Disabled Enabled

Get Cell State Cell The BSC queries The BSC The period of
Req Ack/ administration such messages queries such status update is
Request status and every 30s. messages prolonged.
operating every 5
status minutes.

State Changed Channel l The BTS l The BTS Status update


Event Report operating reports the reports the is not affected.
status and status every 3 status every
usage status minutes. 7 minutes.
l If the status l If the status
changes, the changes,
BTS the BTS
immediately immediatel
reports the new y reports
status. the new
status.

Get Attributes/ BTS resource The BSC l When the When the
Response status, such as periodically query query period is
the board queries the status. period is less than 1
Get Device CFG status The query period greater than minute, the
Start/Report varies according or equal to status update
to the number of 1 minute, period is
BTSs under the messages prolonged.
BSC. are not
compressed
.
l When the
query
period is
less than 1

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

Message Type Message Function Function Impact


Content Disabled Enabled

Multi minute, the


Workstation BSC
Desk queries the
Transparent status every
Down/Up 1 minute.

Table 3-2 Signaling-plane message compression (CSL)


Message Type Message Function Function Impact
Content Disabled Enabled

RESOURCE Logical BTS The BSC queries The BSC The period of
ADMIN resource such messages queries such status update is
STATUS administration every 30s. messages every prolonged.
QUERY status 5 minutes.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 4 Related Features

4 Related Features

Prerequisite Features
Feature ID Feature Name Description

GBFD-118601 Abis over IP -

GBFD-118611 Abis IP over E1/T1 -

GBFD-115501 AMR FR -

GBFD-115502 AMR HR -

GBFD-114801 Discontinuous The SID frame sending period


Transmission (DTX)- adjustment function requires the
Downlink Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)-
Downlink feature. When the
Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)-
Downlink feature is enabled, this
function adjusts the SID frame sending
period on the downlink.

GBFD-114803 Discontinuous The SID frame sending period


Transmission (DTX)- adjustment function requires the
Uplink Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)-
Uplink feature. When the
Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)-
Uplink feature is enabled, this function
adjusts the SID frame sending period on
the uplink. When the Discontinuous
Transmission (DTX)-Uplink feature is
enabled, this function adjusts the SID
frame sending period on the uplink.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 4 Related Features

Mutually Exclusive Features


Feature ID Feature Name Description

GBFD-191201 Uplink CoMP (Joint RX) -

Impacted Features
Feature ID Feature Name Description

GBFD-117702 BTS Local Switch l If both the BTS Local Switch and
AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression features are enabled
for BTS A but only BTS Local
Switch is enabled for BTS B, then
local switching between BTS A and
BTS B cannot be implemented.
l If both the BTS Local Switch and
AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression features are enabled
for both BTS A and BTS B, then
local switching between can be
implemented between call A
processed by BTS A and call B
processed by BTS B only when both
of the following conditions are met:
The AbisUserFrameMuxDe-
lay(BSC6900,BSC6910) and
AbisSIDSendPeriod(BSC6900,BSC
6910) parameters for BTS A are set
to the same values as those for BTS
B.
The AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression feature has taken
effect for both call A and call B.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 4 Related Features

Feature ID Feature Name Description

GBFD-117701 BSC Local Switch l If both the BSC Local Switch and
AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression features are enabled
for BTS A but only BSC Local
Switch is enabled for BTS B, then
local switching between BTS A and
BTS B cannot be implemented.
l If both the BSC Local Switch and
AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression features are enabled
for both BTS A and BTS B, then
local switching between can be
implemented between call A
processed by BTS A and call B
processed by BTS B only when both
of the following conditions are met:
The AbisUserFrameMuxDe-
lay(BSC6900,BSC6910) and
AbisSIDSendPeriod(BSC6900,BSC
6910) parameters for BTS A are set
to the same values as those for BTS
B.
The AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression feature has taken
effect for both call A and call B.

GBFD-115701 TFO If both AMR Transmission Bandwidth


Compression and TFO are enabled, the
delay of TFO rate adjustment increases
by 80 ms, and AMR rates are adjusted
slowly.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 4 Related Features

Feature ID Feature Name Description

GBFD-118604 Abis MUX The single-user speech frame


multiplexing function provided by
AMR Transmission Bandwidth
Compression employs similar working
principles as the Abis MUX feature,
except that the single-user speech frame
multiplexing function multiplexes the
packets of a single user, whereas the
Abis MUX feature saves user
information in packets and therefore
has higher transmission efficiency.
When the single-user speech frame
multiplexing function is enabled, the
Abis MUX feature provides
insignificant gains. In addition, the Abis
MUX feature increases the delay
variation of sending packets. Therefore,
you are advised not to simultaneously
enable the single-user speech frame
multiplexing function and the Abis
MUX feature.

GBFD-119301 Voice Fault Diagnosis If both the AMR Transmission


Bandwidth Compression feature and the
IP one-way audio diagnosis function of
the Voice Fault Diagnosis feature are
enabled, and if most of MSs are in the
silent state during the period specified
by
MUTECHECKCLASS1PERIOD(BSC
6900,BSC6910), there will be slight
difference between the number of
speech frames and the number of SID
frames because enabling the SID frame
sending period adjustment function
reduces the number of SID frames sent
over the Abis interface. This slight
difference is likely to cause incorrect IP
one-way audio diagnosis. Therefore,
you are advised to set the
EXCEPFRAMETHRES(BSC6900,BS
C6910) parameter to 50 for the IP one-
way audio diagnosis function.

GBFD-118607 IP Performance Monitor Using transmission link maintenance


and test-related features or functions
occupies certain amount of transmission
bandwidth. Therefore, you are advised
not to simultaneously enable the AMR
Transmission Bandwidth Compression
feature and this feature.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 4 Related Features

Feature ID Feature Name Description

N/A BFD Using transmission link maintenance


and test-related features or functions
occupies certain amount of transmission
bandwidth. Therefore, you are advised
not to simultaneously enable the AMR
Transmission Bandwidth Compression
feature and this function.

N/A UDP Ping Using transmission link maintenance


and test-related features or functions
occupies certain amount of transmission
bandwidth. Therefore, you are advised
not to simultaneously enable the AMR
Transmission Bandwidth Compression
feature and this function.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 5 Network Impact

5 Network Impact

5.1 System Capacity


No impact.

5.2 Network Performance


l The single-user speech frame multiplexing function increases the delay in sending
speech frames (one-way speech delay increased by a maximum of 100 ms), which more
severely impacts voice quality in a case of packet loss or jitter, and deteriorates end user
experience.
l The SID frame sending period adjustment function affects voice quality in the silent
state, and in extreme circumstances, even causes background noise distortion.
l The signaling-plane message compression function increases the period for updating the
cell administration status, cell operating status, and BTS resource status.
l The AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature is generally applied to
transmission bandwidth-limited scenarios where the Abis interface uses satellite
transmission. The following operations that occupy high transmission bandwidth require
that the transmission bandwidth must be higher than 64 kbit/s: software upgrade, batch
configuration, log extraction, traffic statistics customization. Therefore, it is
recommended that such operations be performed during off-peak hours. Otherwise,
transmission congestion occurs, affecting ongoing services.
l After this feature is enabled, the DSP usage of BSC6900 GTC DPU boards and the CPU
usage of BSC6910 GUPCS/GUPTC subsystems increase by less than 3%. You can
monitor the following counters to observe the DSP and CPU usages:
– BSC6900: AVERAGE.USAGE and PEAK.USAGE
– BSC6910: VS.SUBSYS.CPULOAD.MAX and VS.SUBSYS.CPULOAD.MEAN

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

6 Engineering Guidelines

6.1 When to Use AMR Transmission Bandwidth


Compression
It is recommended that this feature be used when the Abis interface uses satellite
transmission.
Before performing operation and maintenance operations ( such as loading software and
subscribing to performance counters) and enabling features (such as IP PM) that require much
bandwidth, you are advised to make multiple BTSs share a single satellite transmission
channel during network deployment.

6.2 Required Information


Before deploying this feature, collect the following information on the live network: speech
versions, AMR coding rates, traffic distribution, and hardware configuration, to ensure
appropriate network plan and optimal feature performance.

6.3 Planning
RF Planning
N/A.

Network Planning
l The Abis interface uses IP transmission.
l The BTS clock meets the following requirements:
– The GPS clock is used when neighboring cells exist and internal clock is used when
no neighboring cells exist. This is done to prevent clock packets from occupying
transmission bandwidth.
– If the IP clock is used, the scheduled synchronization mode must be used to ensure
that synchronization is performed during off-peak hours. This is done to prevent
synchronization from occupying transmission bandwidth.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

l The bearer network enabled with this feature meets the QoS requirements listed in Table
6-1.

Table 6-1 QoS requirements on the bearer network

Transmission Mode One-Way Delay Jitter (ms) Packet Loss


(ms) Rate (%)

Terrestrial transmission < 40 < 15 < 0.05


over the Abis interface

Satellite transmission < 300 < 40 < 0.05


over the Abis interface

Terrestrial transmission < 20 <8 < 0.05


over the A interface

l In satellite transmission mode, it is recommended that the UDP header compression


function be enabled for satellite equipment to further save transmission bandwidth.
l In satellite transmission mode, it is recommended that the length of packets encapsulated
in the inbound direction and the average length of IP packets sent by the BTS comply
with the following configuration principles:
(IP payload length of packets encapsulated in the inbound direction) ≥ (Average length
of IP packets sent by the BTS − IP/UDP header length + IP/UDP header length after
compression)
where
– The average length of IP packets sent by the BTS is calculated as follows:
The average length of IP packets sent by the GBTS is equal to
GBTSIP.BYTE.SUCC.NUM.iTX divided by GBTSIP.PACKET.SUCC.NUM.iTX.
NOTE

When a GTMUa functions as the main control board of the GBTS, these counters are not
supported. In this case, the average length of IP packets sent by the BTS can be obtained
only from traffic statistics provided by satellite equipment.
– The IP/UDP header length is 28 bytes.
– The IP/UDP header length after compression is determined by satellite equipment.

Hardware Planning
l 3900 series base stations for the GBTS (except BTS3900E and BTS3900B) support this
feature only in non baseband extension mode.
l The eGBTS supports this feature only in non baseband extension mode.
l The following RF modules support this feature: RRU3922E, RRU3926, RRU3928,
RRU3929, RRU3936, RRU3938, RRU3939, RRU3942, RRU3952, RRU3952m,
RRU3953, RRU3953w, RRU3959, RRU3959w, RRU3961, RRU3971, MRFU V6,
MRFUd V6, MRFUdw V6, MRFUe, AAU3910, AAU3911, AAU3920 ,AAU5940,
GRFUs (part number: 02310KBL, 02310KBS, 02310KBT, 02310KTE, and 02310MPB),
and MRFUs (part number: 02310KBH, 02310KBP, 02310KBU, 02310KTD,
02310MPA, and 02310UBK).

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

NOTE

For part numbers for Huawei Wireless certificated and provided SFP and QSFP optical modules,
see Spare Parts Catalog. To obtain Spare Parts Catalog, visit http://support.huawei.com/carrier/
and choose Support > Product Support > Wireless Network > SingleRAN > MBTS > Spare
Parts Catalog.

6.4 Deployment

6.4.1 Requirements

Table 6-2 Deployment requirements

Aspect Requirement

Related See 4 Related Features.


features

BSC None.

BTS See Hardware Planning.

GSM See Network Planning.


networking

MS None.

MSC None.

License The license controlling this feature has been activated. For details about the
license control item, see License Control Item Description. For details
about how to activate the license, see License Management Feature
Parameter Description.

Others If this feature is enabled, PTRAUTSNSNEXTSW(BSC6900,BSC6910)


cannot be set to ON(On).

6.4.2 Data Preparation

Table 6-3 Data to prepare before activating AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression

Parameter Parameter NE Setting Notes Data


Name ID Source

AMR AMRTransB BSC6900/ Set this parameter to Transmissi


Transmission andthCompS BSC6910 ON(On) to enable the AMR on
Bandwidth w(BSC6900, Transmission Bandwidth network
Compress BSC6910) Compression feature. plan
Switch (internal
plan)

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Parameter NE Setting Notes Data


Name ID Source

Abis Single AbisUserFra BSC6900/ When this parameter is set to Transmissi


User Speech meMuxDela BSC6910 a value greater than 0, speech on
Frame y(BSC6900,B frames are multiplexed for a network
Multiplex SC6910) single user. When this plan
Delay parameter is set to 0, speech (internal
frames are not multiplexed plan)
for a single user.
If this parameter is set to a
larger value, more BTS
transmission bandwidth is
saved and the voice delay is
larger, which more severely
impact the MOS in case of
packet loss. If this parameter
is set to a smaller value, less
BTS transmission bandwidth
is saved and the voice delay
is smaller, which less
severely impact the MOS in
case of packet loss.

Abis SID AbisSIDSend BSC6900/ If this parameter is set to a Transmissi


Frame Send Period(BSC6 BSC6910 larger value, more BTS on
Period 900,BSC691 transmission bandwidth is network
0) saved and AMR rates are plan
adjusted more slowly. This (internal
situation more severely plan)
impacts the MOS. If this
parameter is set to a smaller
value, less BTS transmission
bandwidth is saved and
AMR rates are adjusted more
quickly. This situation less
severely impacts the MOS.

BTS Signaling BTSSignalM BSC6900/ Set this parameter to Transmissi


Plane Message sgCompSw(B BSC6910 ON(On) to enable the on
Compress SC6900,BSC signaling-plane message network
Switch 6910) compression function. plan
(internal
plan)

6.4.3 Activation
Using MML Commands
Run the SET BTSOTHPARA command with AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compress
Switch set to ON(On) and the following parameters set based on the network plan: Abis

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

Single User Speech Frame Multiplex Delay, Abis SID Frame Send Period, and BTS
Signaling Plane Message Compress Switch.

MML Command Examples


SET BTSOTHPARA: IDTYPE=BYNAME, BTSNAME="AMRCELL",
AMRTransBandthCompSw=ON;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature on the CME, perform a
single configuration first, and then perform a batch modification if required. Configure the parameters of
a single object before a batch modification. Perform a batch modification before logging out of the
parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object (such as a cell) on the CME.


Set parameters on the CME according to the operation sequence in Table 6-4. For instructions
on how to perform the CME single configuration, see CME Single Configuration
Operation Guide.
Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)

To modify objects in batches, click on the CME to start the batch modification wizard.
For instructions on how to perform a batch modification through the CME batch modification
center, press F1 on the wizard interface to obtain online help.

----End

Table 6-4 Configuring parameters on the CME


SN MO NE Parameter Parameter ID Configura
Name ble in
CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

1 BTSOTHPAR BSC6900/ AMR AMRTransBand Yes


A BSC6910 Transmission thCompSw
Bandwidth
Compress Switch

Abis Single User AbisUserFrame


Speech Frame MuxDelay
Multiplex Delay

Abis SID Frame AbisSIDSendPe


Send Period riod

BTS Signaling BTSSignalMsg


Plane Message CompSw
Compress Switch

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

6.4.4 Activation Observation


l When the Abis interface uses satellite transmission, monitor the traffic statistics provided
by satellite equipment to observe the transmission bandwidth usage before and after
feature deployment.
Expected result: After the AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature is
enabled, less Abis transmission bandwidth is occupied than before.
l You can view the GBSS perform counters to check the transmission bandwidth used at
the IP layer for each BTS.
– GBTS: Subscribe to the counters under the BTSM.GBTSIP function subset of the
BSC on the U2000 to check the transmission bandwidth used at the IP layer for
each GBTS.
The transmission bandwidth use at the IP layer is calculated using the following
formulas:
Uplink bandwidth (bit/s) = GBTSIP.BYTE.SUCC.NUM.iTX x 8/measurement
period/60
Downlink bandwidth (bit/s) = GBTSIP.BYTE.SUCC.NUM.iRX x 8/measurement
period/60
– eGBTS: Subscribe to the counters under the Network.IP function subset of the
eGBTS on the U2000 to check the transmission bandwidth used at the IP layer for
each eGBTS.
The transmission bandwidth use at the IP layer is calculated using the following
formulas:
Uplink bandwidth (bit/s) = VS.IP.TxBytes x 8/measurement period/60
Downlink bandwidth (bit/s) = VS.IP.RxBytes x 8/measurement period/60
NOTE

The BTSM.GBTSIP function subset is not supported when a GTMUa functions as the main
control board of the GBTS.
The unit for measurement period is minute.
As the signaling links over which messages are compressed are different for the eGBTS and
GBTS, the observation results of occupied transmission bandwidth for the eGBTS and GBTS are
also slightly different.
Expected result: After the AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature is
enabled, less Abis transmission bandwidth is used at the IP layer than before.

6.4.5 Deactivation

Using MML Commands


Run the SET BTSOTHPARA command with AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compress
Switch set to OFF(Off).

MML Command Examples


SET BTSOTHPARA: IDTYPE=BYNAME, BTSNAME="AMRCELL",
AMRTransBandthCompSw=OFF;

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression feature on the CME, perform a
single configuration first, and then perform a batch modification if required. Configure the parameters of
a single object before a batch modification. Perform a batch modification before logging out of the
parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object (such as a cell) on the CME.


Set the parameter on the CME according to the operation sequence in Table 6-5. For
instructions on how to perform the CME single configuration, see CME Single
Configuration Operation Guide.
Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)

To modify objects in batches, click on the CME to start the batch modification wizard.
For instructions on how to perform a batch modification through the CME batch modification
center, press F1 on the wizard interface to obtain online help.

----End

Table 6-5 Configuring the parameter on the CME


SN MO NE Parameter Parameter ID Configura
Name ble in
CME Batch
Modificati
on Center

1 BTSOTHPAR BSC6900/ AMR AMRTransBandt Yes


A BSC6910 Transmission hCompSw
Bandwidth
Compress
Switch

6.5 Performance Monitoring


l After the single-user speech frame multiplexing and SID frame sending period
adjustment functions are enabled, run the DSP BTSBANDWIDTHCOMPINFO
command to query the following traffic statistics: the number of SID frames sent over
the Abis and Um interfaces, the number of SID frames received over the Abis and Um
interfaces, and the number of multiplexed single-user speech frames over the Abis
interface.
Expected result:
After the functions are enabled, the number of multiplexed single-user speech frames
over the Abis interface is displayed, and the number of sent/received SID frames
experiences the following changes:
– Downlink
The difference between the number of BSC-to-BTS SID frames and the number of
BTS-to-Um interface SID frames is greater than before.

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AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 6 Engineering Guidelines

– Uplink
The difference between the number of BTS-to-BSC SID frames and the number of
Um interface-to-BTS SID frames is greater than before.
l After the signaling-plane message compression function is enabled for the GBTS, trace
CS domain OML messages over the Abis interface on the BSC LMT to query the
periods for sending messages listed in Table 3-1.
Expect result: After the function is enabled, the message sending periods are consistent
with those provided in Table 3-1.
l After the signaling-plane message compression function is enabled for the eGBTS, trace
CS domain CSL messages over the Abis interface on the BTS LMT to query the periods
for sending messages listed in Table 3-2.
Expect result: After the function is enabled, the message sending periods are consistent
with those provided in Table 3-2.

6.6 Parameter Optimization


To save more transmission bandwidth, perform the following parameter optimizations:
l Set BTSMESRPTPREPROC(BSC6900,BSC6910) to BTS_Preprocessing(BTS
preprocessing) and MRPREPROCFREQ(BSC6900,BSC6910) to Once_4s, to reduce
the Abis signaling flow and lower the frequency of reporting measurement reports.
l Set the INTERPERIOD(BSC6900,BSC6910) command to 31 to lower the frequency of
reporting interference band-related messages.
l Set LAC(BSC6900,BSC6910) to configure independent location areas (LAs) to reduce
the number of paging messages.
l For eGBTSs, you are advised to set both the HBINTER(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter
on the BSC side and the HBINTER parameter on the eGBTS side to their respective
maximum values to reduce the bandwidth occupied by the SCTP link.
l For eGBTSs, you are advised to delete scheduled tasks from the U2000, cancel the
subscription to unnecessary counters, and perform minimum possible operation and
maintenance operations.

6.7 Troubleshooting
None.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

7 Parameters

Table 7-1 Parameters


Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description
ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

AMRTr BSC690 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Whether to enable the AMR Transmission
ansBan 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi Bandwidth Compression feature. This parameter takes
dthCom HPARA ssion effect only in Abis over IP mode.
pSw Bandwi GUI Value Range: OFF(Off), ON(On)
dth
Compre Unit: None
ssion Actual Value Range: OFF, ON
Default Value: OFF(Off)

AMRTr BSC691 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Whether to enable the AMR Transmission
ansBan 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi Bandwidth Compression feature. This parameter takes
dthCom HPARA ssion effect only in Abis over IP mode.
pSw Bandwi GUI Value Range: OFF(Off), ON(On)
dth
Compre Unit: None
ssion Actual Value Range: OFF, ON
Default Value: OFF(Off)

AbisUse BSC690 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Maximum speech frame multiplexing delay
rFrame 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi for a single user. If the duration in which the system
MuxDel HPARA ssion buffers a voice call is greater than or equal to the
ay Bandwi value of this parameter, the system sends multiplexed
dth packets to the Abis interface. When this parameter is
Compre set to 0, speech frames are not multiplexed. This
ssion parameter takes effect only in Abis over IP mode.
GUI Value Range: 0~4
Unit: 20ms
Actual Value Range: 0~80
Default Value: 4

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

AbisUse BSC691 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Maximum speech frame multiplexing delay
rFrame 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi for a single user. If the duration in which the system
MuxDel HPARA ssion buffers a voice call is greater than or equal to the
ay Bandwi value of this parameter, the system sends multiplexed
dth packets to the Abis interface. When this parameter is
Compre set to 0, speech frames are not multiplexed. This
ssion parameter takes effect only in Abis over IP mode.
GUI Value Range: 0~4
Unit: 20ms
Actual Value Range: 0~80
Default Value: 4

AbisSI BSC690 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Period in which SID frames are transmitted
DSendP 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi between the BSC and the BTS. This parameter takes
eriod HPARA ssion effect only in Abis over IP mode.
Bandwi GUI Value Range: 1~6
dth
Compre Unit: 160ms
ssion Actual Value Range: 160~960
Default Value: 3

AbisSI BSC691 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Period in which SID frames are transmitted
DSendP 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi between the BSC and the BTS. This parameter takes
eriod HPARA ssion effect only in Abis over IP mode.
Bandwi GUI Value Range: 1~6
dth
Compre Unit: 160ms
ssion Actual Value Range: 160~960
Default Value: 3

BTSSig BSC690 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Whether to enable the BTS signaling plane
nalMsg 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi message compression function. When this parameter
CompS HPARA ssion is set to ON, the number of signaling-plane messages
w Bandwi exchanged between the BSC and the BTS is
dth decreased, thereby decreasing transmission
Compre bandwidth. When this parameter is set to OFF, the
ssion BTS signaling plane message compression function is
disabled. This parameter takes effect only in Abis over
IP mode.
GUI Value Range: OFF(Off), ON(On)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: OFF, ON
Default Value: ON(On)

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

BTSSig BSC691 SET GBFD-1 AMR Meaning: Whether to enable the BTS signaling plane
nalMsg 0 BTSOT 71216 Transmi message compression function. When this parameter
CompS HPARA ssion is set to ON, the number of signaling-plane messages
w Bandwi exchanged between the BSC and the BTS is
dth decreased, thereby decreasing transmission
Compre bandwidth. When this parameter is set to OFF, the
ssion BTS signaling plane message compression function is
disabled. This parameter takes effect only in Abis over
IP mode.
GUI Value Range: OFF(Off), ON(On)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: OFF, ON
Default Value: ON(On)

MUTE BSC690 SET GBFD-1 Voice Meaning: Period of performing class-1 mute
CHEC 0 GCELL 19301 Fault detection. if the bad frame rate reaches "Bad Frame
KCLAS SOFT Diagnos Threshold of Mute Detection Class 1" within the
S1PERI is period specified by this parameter, mute speech may
OD be detected. The setting of "Mute Detection Class 2
Switch" determines whether to perform the class-2
mute detection.
GUI Value Range: 0~255
Unit: s
Actual Value Range: 0~255
Default Value: 5

MUTE BSC691 SET GBFD-1 Voice Meaning: Period of performing class-1 mute
CHEC 0 GCELL 19301 Fault detection. if the bad frame rate reaches "Bad Frame
KCLAS SOFT Diagnos Threshold of Mute Detection Class 1" within the
S1PERI is period specified by this parameter, mute speech may
OD be detected. The setting of "Mute Detection Class 2
Switch" determines whether to perform the class-2
mute detection.
GUI Value Range: 0~255
Unit: s
Actual Value Range: 0~255
Default Value: 5

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

EXCEP BSC690 SET GBFD-1 Voice Meaning: Threshold for the rate of the number of bad
FRAM 0 GCELL 19301 Fault frames to the total number of voice frames. If the bad
ETHRE SOFT Diagnos frame rate exceeds this threshold within the "Period of
S is Mute Detection Class1", mute speech may be
detected. The setting of "Mute Detection Class 2
Switch" determines whether to perform the class-2
mute detection.
GUI Value Range: 0~100
Unit: %
Actual Value Range: 0~100
Default Value: 25

EXCEP BSC691 SET GBFD-1 Voice Meaning: Threshold for the rate of the number of bad
FRAM 0 GCELL 19301 Fault frames to the total number of voice frames. If the bad
ETHRE SOFT Diagnos frame rate exceeds this threshold within the "Period of
S is Mute Detection Class1", mute speech may be
detected. The setting of "Mute Detection Class 2
Switch" determines whether to perform the class-2
mute detection.
GUI Value Range: 0~100
Unit: %
Actual Value Range: 0~100
Default Value: 25

PTRAU BSC690 SET GBFD-1 Abis Meaning: Whether to use the PTRAU protocol for the
TSNSN 0 BTSOT 18601 over IP extended TSN and SN on the Abis interface. If the
EXTS HPARA transmission jitter on the Abis interface is longer than
W 80 ms and the A interface uses IP transmission, you
are advised to set this parameter to ON. If this
parameter is set to ON, the time flag and frame
No.support a longer wraparound period. This
minimizes the impact of Abis transmission jitter on
the core network (CN) processing in all-IP mode. This
parameter is valid only for the CS user plane.
GUI Value Range: OFF(Off), ON(On)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: OFF, ON
Default Value: OFF(Off)

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

PTRAU BSC691 SET GBFD-1 Abis Meaning: Whether to use the PTRAU protocol for the
TSNSN 0 BTSOT 18601 over IP extended TSN and SN on the Abis interface. If the
EXTS HPARA transmission jitter on the Abis interface is longer than
W 80 ms and the A interface uses IP transmission, you
are advised to set this parameter to ON. If this
parameter is set to ON, the time flag and frame
No.support a longer wraparound period. This
minimizes the impact of Abis transmission jitter on
the core network (CN) processing in all-IP mode. This
parameter is valid only for the CS user plane.
GUI Value Range: OFF(Off), ON(On)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: OFF, ON
Default Value: OFF(Off)

BTSME BSC690 SET GBFD-1 Pre- Meaning: Whether to enable the BTS to preprocess
SRPTP 0 GCELL 10802 processi measurement reports. This parameter determines
REPRO HOCT ng of where to conduct power control.
C RL Measure GUI Value Range: BSC_Preprocessing(BSC
ment preprocessing), BTS_Preprocessing(BTS
Report preprocessing)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: BSC_Preprocessing,
BTS_Preprocessing
Default Value: BSC_Preprocessing(BSC
preprocessing)

BTSME BSC691 SET GBFD-1 Pre- Meaning: Whether to enable the BTS to preprocess
SRPTP 0 GCELL 10802 processi measurement reports. This parameter determines
REPRO HOCT ng of where to conduct power control.
C RL Measure GUI Value Range: BSC_Preprocessing(BSC
ment preprocessing), BTS_Preprocessing(BTS
Report preprocessing)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: BSC_Preprocessing,
BTS_Preprocessing
Default Value: BSC_Preprocessing(BSC
preprocessing)

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

MRPR BSC690 SET GBFD-1 Pre- Meaning: Frequency at which the BTSs submit pre-
EPROC 0 GCELL 10802 processi processed measurement reports to the BSC
FREQ HOCT ng of GUI Value Range: NOreport(Do not report),
RL Measure Twice_ps(Twice every second), Once_ps(Once every
ment second), Once_2s(Once every two second),
Report Once_4s(Once every four second)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: NOreport, Twice_ps, Once_ps,
Once_2s, Once_4s
Default Value: Twice_ps(Twice every second)

MRPR BSC691 SET GBFD-1 Pre- Meaning: Frequency at which the BTSs submit pre-
EPROC 0 GCELL 10802 processi processed measurement reports to the BSC
FREQ HOCT ng of GUI Value Range: NOreport(Do not report),
RL Measure Twice_ps(Twice every second), Once_ps(Once every
ment second), Once_2s(Once every two second),
Report Once_4s(Once every four second)
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: NOreport, Twice_ps, Once_ps,
Once_2s, Once_4s
Default Value: Twice_ps(Twice every second)

INTER BSC690 SET GBFD-1 Enhance Meaning: Period during which interference levels are
PERIO 0 GCELL 11005 d averaged. The interference levels on idle channels are
D OTHE Channel averaged before the BTS sends a radio resource
XT Assignm indication message to the BSC. The averaging result is
ent used for classifying the interference levels on idle
Algorith channels into five interference bands. For details, see
m GSM Rec. 08.08, 08.58, and 12.21.
GUI Value Range: 1~31
Unit: 480ms
Actual Value Range: 480~14880
Default Value: 20

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

INTER BSC691 SET GBFD-1 Enhance Meaning: Period during which interference levels are
PERIO 0 GCELL 11005 d averaged. The interference levels on idle channels are
D OTHE Channel averaged before the BTS sends a radio resource
XT Assignm indication message to the BSC. The averaging result is
ent used for classifying the interference levels on idle
Algorith channels into five interference bands. For details, see
m GSM Rec. 08.08, 08.58, and 12.21.
GUI Value Range: 1~31
Unit: 480ms
Actual Value Range: 480~14880
Default Value: 20

LAC BSC690 ADD None None Meaning:


0 SRALA Location area code (LAC). An MS can move freely in
MAP a location area with no need of location update.
MOD Appropriate division of location areas can effectively
SRALA lighten the signaling load and improve the call
MAP completion rate.
The LAC is a 2-byte hexadecimal code. It ranges from
0000 to FFFF(ffff). The codes 0000 and FFFE(fffe)
are reserved. Only the LMT supports hexadecimal
codes. The hexadecimal format is H'**** or h'****,
for example, H'1214 or h'1214.
GUI Value Range: 1~65533;65535
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: 1~65533, 65535
Default Value: None

LAC BSC691 ADD None None Meaning:


0 SRALA Location area code (LAC). An MS can move freely in
MAP a location area with no need of location update.
MOD Appropriate division of location areas can effectively
SRALA lighten the signaling load and improve the call
MAP completion rate.
The LAC is a 2-byte hexadecimal code. It ranges from
0000 to FFFF(ffff). The codes 0000 and FFFE(fffe)
are reserved. Only the LMT supports hexadecimal
codes. The hexadecimal format is H'**** or h'****,
for example, H'1214 or h'1214.
GUI Value Range: 1~65533;65535
Unit: None
Actual Value Range: 1~65533, 65535
Default Value: None

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 7 Parameters

Parame NE MML Feature Feature Description


ter ID Comma ID Name
nd

HBINT BSC690 ADD GBFD-1 Abis Meaning: Heartbeat interval when the SCTP server is
ER 0 SCTPL 18601 over IP idle.
NK GBFD-1 A over GUI Value Range: 1000~600000
MOD 18602 IP
Unit: ms
SCTPL GBFD-1 Abis IP
NK Actual Value Range: 1000~600000
18611 over
E1/T1 Default Value: None

HBINT BSC691 ADD GBFD-1 A over Meaning: Heartbeat interval when the SCTP server is
ER 0 SCTPL 50201 IP idle.
NK GBFD-1 Based GUI Value Range: 1000~600000
MOD 18601 on
Dynami Unit: ms
SCTPL GBFD-1
NK c Load Actual Value Range: 1000~600000
18611 Balancin Default Value: None
g
Abis
over IP
Abis IP
over
E1/T1

HBINT BTS390 ADD WRFD- IP Meaning: Indicates the heartbeat interval for an SCTP
ER 0, SCTPL 050402 Transmi link. The heartbeat check is independently initiated by
BTS390 NK ssion each end of an association and then confirmed by the
0 GBFD-1 Introduc peer end through the HB ACK packet. When no
MOD 18601
WCDM SCTPL tion on services are carried, a link disconnection is
A, NK GBFD-1 Iub determined if the number of heartbeat check attempts
BTS390 18611 Interface reaches the maximum retransmission attempts on an
0 LTE LST association but the HB ACK packet is not received
SCTPL LBFD-0 Abis from the peer end.
NK 0202103 over IP
/ GUI Value Range: 1000~60000
Abis IP
TDLBF over Unit: ms
D-00202 E1/T1 Actual Value Range: 1000~60000
103
SCTP Default Value: 5000
Multi-
homing

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 8 Counters

8 Counters

There are no specific counters associated with this feature.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 9 Glossary

9 Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

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GSM BSS
AMR Transmission Bandwidth Compression Feature
Parameter Description 10 Reference Documents

10 Reference Documents

1. AMR Feature Parameter Description


2. Discontinuous Transmission and Discontinuous Reception Feature Parameter
Description

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