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CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL

The research paper attached hereto, entitled "Human Urine as an effective


Alternative Fertilizer to Commercial Fertilizer in Pechay in (Brassica rapa) Growth
and Production", prepared and submitted by Marc Stephen Cagayan, Arvin Gange,
Eljed Gilbaliga, Cyrel Gonzaga and Nikki John Sueño in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the course of Research III is hereby accepted.

_______________________________ _______________________________
Name Name
Thesis Critic Thesis Critic

______________________________ _______________________________
Date Signed Date Signed

Accepted as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course of Research III.

JOSWA G. Billonid
Research Adviser
_____________________
Date Signed
This research paper is hereby officially accepted as partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the course of Research III

JOANNE G. BADRINA, Ph.D.


Principal, Senior High School
_______________________________
Date Signed

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ABSTRACT

Tomato had been studied for so many years. This study shows if intercropping of
tomato and a species which has a symbiotical relationship to it will be effective in terms of
height, number of leaves, and root length of the tomato plant. This study is an experimental
research, in order to interpret the data, statistical analysis was used. The result shows that
in tomato-tomato sample, the number of leaves of tomato was higher than other tomato
plant having a companion with a symbiotical relationship to it having a mean of 12.6 ±
1.85 than the two other treatments. Which had a significant difference between the
treatment’s number of leaves because of the result P<0.05 where P=0.00. The second
parameter shows that tomato-tomato companionship of plant acquired the highest mean of
height and had a mean of 12.3cm ± 1.75 and through statistical data analysis, there was a
significant difference between the treatment’s average height because of the result P<0.05
where P=0.00. The last parameter shows that tomato-string beans companionship of plants
had the highest average of root length which had an average of 3.35cm ± 0.67 and through
statistical data analysis, it was determined that there was no significant difference between
the treatment’s average height because of the result P>0.05 where P=0.808.
Keywords: Tomato, Intercropping, Polyculture, Monoculture.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
First and foremost, we would like to express our deep gratitude and thanks to our
Creator, for his full guidance, strength, intelligence and support to finish what the tasks
that given to us from the beginning until to the final day of this research study.

And for our adviser Mr Joswa Billonid, sir thank you so much for your time, effort
and advice for the completion of this research study. This study would not have been
possible without your guidance and encouragement. It is an honor for us to be your student
and for these reasons indebted for your assistance.

Similar, profound gratitude goes to for Ms Carrien Joy Allesa for sharing her
expertise so willingly for the advice, suggestions and happy moments that contributed to
the timely completion of this research.

We would like to thank also to Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Roth for the time and
effort in entertaining our concerns about our research and questions about our expirement.

We also owe our special thanks to my friends and classmates of Grade 12 – Curie
who have supported us in this research study.

Finally, we would like to thank our families especially to the Songano Family for
letting us use their backyard to serve us our research area. Your encouragement and support
has never faltered.

Pillora, C., Songano, J.J, Tayag R.J, Parcon H.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
Approval Sheet i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vii

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study 1
Significance of the Study 2
Objectives of the Study 3
Scope and Limitation 3
CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Tomato Plant 4
History of tomato plant 5
Effect of common gardening soil on plant development 7
Climactic requirements 7
Importance in Agriculture of tomato plant 9

Cropping systems 9

Continuous cropping 18
Tomato ripening process 20
Growth yield of intercropped plants 20
Effects of intercropping 21

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CHAPTER III: MATERIALS AND METHODS
Research Design 22
Data Collection Procedure 22
Height 23
Number of leaves 23
Length of roots 23
Data Analysis Procedure 24
CHAPTER IV: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Number of leaves 25
Height 27

Root length 29

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 31


REFRENCES 33
APPENDIX A 40
APPENDIX B 42
APPENDIX C 50

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LIST OF TABLES

Table Title Page


1 One-way ANOVA results for the number of leaves 26

2 One-way ANOVA results for the height of tomato plant 28

3 One-way ANOVA results for root length of tomato plant 30

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure Title Page


1 Research design 22
2 Average number of leaves 25

3 Average height of Tomato plant 27


4 Average root length of Tomato plant 29
5 Material Preparation 50
6 Seedlings were planted on a plant box 50
7 Transplanting the seedlings 50
8 Individual data collection 50

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