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Exoteric Portions of
the Ritual

The Most Worshipful

Grand Lodge of A. F. & A. M.
of Delaware

Extracted from “Manual of the Lodge”

by Albert G. Mackey, M. D., and collated
Do you seriously declare, upon your
honor, that, unbiased by the imprQper
solicitation of friends, and uninfluenced by
mercenary motives, you freely and volun-
tarily offer yourself a candidate for the
mysteries of Masonry?
I do.
Do you sincerely declare, upon your
honor, that you are prompted to solicit
the privileges of Masonry by a favorable
opinion conceived of the Institution, and
a desire for knowledge?
I do.
Do you sincerely declare, upon your
honor, that you will cheerfully conform to
all the ancient usages and established cus-
toms of the fraternity?
I do.

PRAYER Entered Apprentice
Most holy and glorious Lord God, the * ~t. 9’~ * ~* * * *~ * *~
Great Architect of the Universe, the giver
of all good gifts and graces; Thou hast RECEPTION
promised that, “where two or three are 1< Ask, and it shall be given you;
gathered together in, Seek, and ye shall find;
and bless thou wilt be
in the midst of them, them.” In Knock, andjt shall be opened unto you.
thy name we assemble, most humbly be- Matthew vii.7.
seeching thee to bless us in all our under- * * * * * * * * * * *

takings, that we may know and serve thee PRAYER

aright, and that all our actions may tend
to thy glory, and to our advancement in V Vouchsafe thine aid, Almighty Father of
knowledge and virtue. And we beseech the Universe, to this our present conven-
thee, 0 Lord God, to bless our present tion and grant that this candidate for
assembling, and to illuminate our minds, Masonry may dedicate and devote his life
that we may walk in the light of thy to thy service, and become a tru~ and
countenance; and when the trials of our .faithful brother among us. Endue him
probationary state are over, be admitted with a competency of thy divine wisdom,
into THE TEMPLE “Not made with that by the secrets of our art he may be
hands, eternal in the heavens.” Amen. better enabled to display the beauties of
So mote it be. godliness to the honor of thy holy name.
May the blessing of Heaven rest upon us So mote it be.
and all regular Masons! May brotherly
love prevail, and every moral and social SCRfl~TURE
virtue cement us. Amen.
Behold, how good and how pleasant it
So mote it be. is for brethren to dwell together in unity!
It is like the precious ointment upon the
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/A=leasure to yourself and honor to the

head, that ran down upon the beard, even
Aaron’s beard; that went down to the skirts fraternity.
of his garments:
As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew THE NORTH EAST CORNER
that descended upon the mountains of * * * * ~‘ a just and upright
Zion: for there the Lord commanded the man, and Mason * * * * * * *
blessing, even life for evermore.—Psabn
SCRIPTURE The working tools of an Entered Ap-
In the beginning God created the heaven prentice are the Twenty-Jour Inch Gauge
and the earth. And the earth was without
form, and void; and darkness was upon the
face of the deep. And the Spirit of God
03 and the Common Gavel, * * * * *
The Twenty-Jour Inch Gauge is an instru-
ment used by operative Masons to measure
and lay out theii work; but we, as Free
moved upon the face of the waters. And
God said, Let there be Light; and there and Accepted Masons, are taught to make
was Light.—Genesis 1.1,2,3. use of it for the more noble and glorious
purpose of dividing our time. It being
~ THE LAMBSKIN APRON divided into twenty-four equal parts, is
* ** * * to present you with emblematic of the twenty-four hours of
this Lambskin or white leather apron, which the day, which we are taught to divide
.~ is an emblem of innocence and the badge into three equal parts; whereby are found
of a Mason, more ancient than the Golden eight hours for the service of God and a
Fleece or Roman Eagle; more honorable distressed worthy brother, eight for our
than the Star and Garter, or any other usual vocations, and eight for refreshment
order that could -be conferred upon you, and sleep.
at this or any future period, by king, priike, The Common Gaz~el is an instrument
potentate, or any other person, except he made use of by operative Masons to break
were a Mason and in the body of a Lodge, off the corners of rough stones, the better
and which, I trust, you will wear with equal to fit them for the builder’s use; but we,
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as Free and Accepted. Masons, are taught
to make use of it for the more noble and Lecture
glorious purpose of divesting our hearts
and consciences of all the vices and super- FIRST SECTION
fluities of life; thereby fitting our minds * * * * * * * * * * *
as living stones for that spiritual building,
that house “not made with hands, eternal SECOND SECTION
* * * * * * * * * * *
in the heavens.”
Now this was the manner in former time
in Israel concerning redeeming and con-
cerning changing, for ‘to confirm all things;
a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to
his neighbor; and this was a
Israel.—Ruth iv.7. testimony in
* * * * * * * * * * *

Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and

ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened
unto you.—Matthew vii.7.
* * * * * * * * * * *

The left side is considered the weaker

part of man * * * * * *
Your right hand * * * * * because

7 our ancient brethren deemed the right hand

to be the emblem of fidelity and as they
worshipped Deity under the name of
“Fides” which was supposed to be repre-
sented by the right hands joined, and by
two human figures grasping each other by
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the right hands. The right hand, there- to teach us that a Mason’s charity should
fore, * * * * * be equally as extensive.
* * * ~ * * because the lamb has A Lodge has three principal supports,
in all ages been deemed an emblem of which are Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty,
innocence; by the [ambskin, the Mason is because it is necessary that there should be
therefore reminded of that purity of life wisdom to contrive, strength to support,
and conduct which is so essentially neces- and beauty to adorn all great and im-
sary to his gaining admission into the portant undertakings.
celestial Lodge above, where the Supreme Its covering is no less than a clouded
Architect of the Universe presides. canopy or starry-decked heaven, where all
* * * * * * * * * * * good Masons hope at last to arrive, by the
aid of that theological ladder which Jacob,
THIRD SECTION in his vision, saw ascending from earth to
A Lodge is an assemblage of Masons duly heaven, the three principal rounds of which
congregated, having the Holy Bible, Square are denominated Faith, Hope, and Charity,
and Compasses, and a Charter or Warrant and which admonish us to have faith in
of Constitution authorizing them to work. God, hope of immortality, and charity to
Our ancient brethren met on the highest all mankind.
hills and in the lowest valleys, the better The greatest of these is Charity; for our
to observe the approach of cowans and Faith may be lost in sight; Hope ends in
eavesdroppers, and to guard against sur- fruition; but Charity extends beyond the
prise. grave, through the boundless realms of
A Lodge is said, symbolically, to extend eternity.
in length from east to west; in breadth, The furniture of a lodge consists of a
from north to south; in height, from the Holy Bible, Square,~ and Compasses.
earth to the highest heavens; in depth, The Holy Bible is dedicated to God; the
from the surface to the center. And a Square, to the Master; and the Compasses,
Lodge is said to be of these vast dimensions to the craft.
to denote the universality of N4asonry, and The Bible is dedicated to God because
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it is the inestimable gift of God to man;
* * * * the Square, to the Master, be- was placed so far north of the ecliptic, that
the sun and moon, at their meridian height,
cause it is the proper Masonic emblem of could dart no rays into the northern part
his office; andthe Compasses, to the Craft, thereof. The north we therefore masonic-
because, by a due attention to their use, ally call a place of darkness.
they are taught to circumscribe their de- A Lodge has six jewels; three of these are
sires, and keep their passions within due immovable and three movable.
The immovable jewels are the Square,
The ornaments of a Lodge are the Mosaic Level, and Plumb.
Pavemeni, the Indented Tessel, and the
Blazing Star. The Mosaic Pavement is a The square inculcates morality; the level,
representation of the ground floor of King equality; and the plumb, rectitude of
Solomon’s Temple; and the indented tessel, conduct.
of that beautiful tesselated border or skirt- They are called immovable jewels be-
ing which surrounded it. cause they are always to be found in the
The Mosaic Pavement is emblematic of East, West and South parts of the Lodge,
human life, checkered with good and evil; being worn by the officers in these respective
the beautiful border which surrounds it is stations.
emblematic of those manifold blessings and The movable jewels are the Rough Ashlar,
comforts which surround us, and which we the Perfect Ashlar and the Trestle Board.
hope to obtain by a faithful reliance on The rough ashlar is a stone as taken
Divine Providence, which is hieroglyphic- from the quarry in its rude and natural
ally represented by the blazing star in the state.
center. The perfect ashlar is a,stone made ready
A Lodge has three symbolic lights; one by the hands of tl~e workmen, to be ad-
of these is in the East, one in the West, justed by the working tools of the fellow-
and one in the South. There is no light in craft.
the North, because King Solomon’s Temple, The trestle-board is for the master work-
of which every Lodge is a representation, man to draw his designs upon.
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By the rough ashlar we are reminded of Our ancient brethren dedicated their
our rude and imperfect state by nature; by lodges to King Solomon, because he was
the perfect ashlar, ti=atstate of perfection • our first Most Excellent Grand Master;
at which we hope to arrive by a virtuous but modern Masons dedicate theirs to St.
education, out own endeavors, and the John the Baptist and St. John the Evan-
blessing of God, and by the trestle-board gelist, who were two eminent patrons of
we are also reminded that, as the o erative Masonry; and since their time, there is
workman erects his temporal ~uiIding represented, in every regular and well
agreeably to the rules and designs laid down governed Lodge, a certain point within a
by the master on his trestle-board, so should circle, embordered by two perpendicular
we, both operative and speculative, en- parallel lines, representing St. John the
deavor to erect our spiritual building agree- Baptist and St. John the Evangelist; and
ably to the rules and designs laid down by upon the top rests the Holy Scriptures.
the Supreme Architect of the Universe, in The point represents an individual brother;
the great books of nature and revelation, the circle is the boundary line, beyond which
which are our spiritual, moral, and masonic he is never to suffer his prejudices or pas-
trestle-board. • sions to betray him. In going round this
A Lodge is situated due east and west, circle, we necessarily touch upon these two
because, when Moses crossed the Red Sea, lines, as well as the Holy Scriptures; and
being pursued by Pharaoh and his host, he while a Mason keeps himself circumscribed
erected on the other side, by divine com- within these due bounds; it is impossible
mand, a tabernacle, which he placed due • that he should materially err.
east and west, to receive the first rays of The three great tenets of a Mason’s pro-
the rising sun, and to commemorate that fession are Brotherly Love, Relief, and Truth.
mighty east wind by which their miraculous
deliverance was effected. This tabernacle By the exercise of~ brotherly love, we are
taught to regard the whole human species
was an exact pattern of King Solomon’s as one family; the high and low, the rich
Temple, of which every Lodge is a repre- and poor, who, as created by one Almighty
sentation, and it is, or ought, therefore,~o
be placed due east and west. Parent, and inhabitants of the same planet,
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are te aid, support, and protect each other. are illustrated by the four cardinal virtues,
On this principle, Masonry unites men of Temperance, Fortitude, Prudence, and Jus-
every country, sect, and opinion, and con- tice. * * * * *
ciliates true friendship among ,those who As entered apprentices served * *
might otherwise have remained at a per-
petual distance. CHARGE
To relieve the distressed is a duty in- My Brother:
cumbent on all men, but particularly on As you are now introduced into the first
Masons, who are linked together by an principles of Masonry, I congratulate you
indissoluble chain of sincere affection. To on being accepted into this ancient and
soothe the unhappy, to sympathize with honorable Order; ancient, as having sub-
their misfortunes, to compassionate their sisted from time immemorial; and honor-
miseries, and to restore peace to their able, as tending, in every particular, so
troubled minds, is the great aim we have to render all men who will be conformable
in view. On this basis we form our friend- to its precepts. No institution was ever
ships and establish our connections. raised on a better principle or more solid
Truth is a divine attribute, and the foundation; nor were ever more excellent
foundation of every virtue. To be good rules and useful maxims laid down than
and true is the first lesson we are taught are inculcated in the several Masonic lec-
in Masonry. On this theme we contem- tures. The greatest and best of men, in
plate, and by its dictates endeavor to all ages, have been encouragers and pro-
regulate our conduct; hence, while in- moters of the art, and have never deemed
fluenced by this principle, hypocrisy and it derogatory to their dignity to level them-
deceit are unknown among us, sincerity selves with the fraternity, extend their
and plain-dealing distinguish us, and the privileges, and patronize their assemblies.
heart and tongue join in promoting each There are three great duties which, as a
other’s welfare, and rejoicing in each other’~ Mason, you are charged to inculcate—to
prosperity. God, your neighbor, and yourself. To
Every Mason has * * * * which • God, in never mentioning his name but
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- with that reverential awe which is due from At your leisure hours, that you may
improve in Masonic knowledge, you are
a creature to his creator; to implore his aid to converse with well-informed brethren,
in all your laudable undertakings, and to who will be always as ready to give, as
esteem him as the chief good. To your you will be ready to receive instruction.
neighbor, in acting upon the square, and
doing unto him as you wish he should do Finally, keep sacred and inviolable the
unto you. And to yourself, in avoiding mysteries of the order, as these are to dis-
all irregularity and intemperance, which tinguish you from the rest of the com-
may impair your faculties, or debase the munity, and mark your consequence among
dignity of your profession. A zealous at- Masons. If, in the circle of your acquaint-
tachment to these duties will insure public ance, you find a person desirous of being
and private esteem. initiated into Masonry, be particularly at-
tentive not to recommend him unless you
In the State, you are to be a quiet and are convinced he will conform to our rules;
peaceful subject, true to your government, that the honor, glory, and reputation of the
and just to your country; you are not to Institution may be firmly established, and
countenance disloyalty or rebellion, but the world at large convinced of its good
patiently submit to legal authority, and effects.
conform with cheerfulness to the govern- Step to the Secretary’s desk and * * *
ment of the country in which you live. In
your outward demeanor, be particularly * * * * * * * * * * *

careful to avoid censure or reproach.

Although your frequent appearance at
our regular meetings is earnestly solicited,
yet it is not meant that Masonry should
interfere with your necessary vocations,
for these are on no account to be neglected.
neither are you to suffer your zeal for the
Institution to lead you into argument with
those who,through ignorance, mayridiculeit.
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before God and men, squaring our actions
Fellow Craft by the square of virtue, and remembering
that we are traveling upon the level of
The square of virtue should ti~jule time to that undiscovered country from
and guide7&f y’~4 conduct in ~~our
tions with all mankind, especially with whose bourne no traveler returns.
brother Masons. LECTURE
SCRIPTURE The second section of this degree h’as
Thus he showed me: and, behold, the reference to the origin of the Institution
* * * * * * * * * ~. Wework in Specu-
Lord stood upon a wall made by a plumb-
line, with a plumb-line in his hand. And lative Masonry, but our ancient brethren
the Lord said unto me, Amos, what seest wrought in both Operative and Speculative.
thou? And I said, a plumb-line. Then By Operative Masonry we allude to a
said the Lord, Behold, I will set a plumb- proper application of the useful rules of
line in the midst of my people Israel~I architecture, whence a structure will derive
will not again pass by them anymore. figure, strength, and beauty, and whence
Amos vii.7,8. will result a due proportion and a just cor-
respondence in all its parts, and while it
WORKING TOOLS displays the effects of human wisdom, as
The working tools of a Fellow Craft are well in the choice as in the arrangement of
the Plumb, the Square, and the Level *** the sundry materials of which an edifice
The Plumb is an instrument made use is composed, it demonstrates that a fund
of by operative Masons to raise perpen- of science and industry is implanted in
diculars; the Square, to square their work; man for the best, most salutary and bene-
and the Level, to lay horizontals; but we, as ficent purposes.
Free and Accepted Masons, are taught to By Speculative Masonry we learn to
make use of them for more noble and subdue the passions, act upon the square,
glorious purposes; the plumb admonishes keep a tongue of good report, maintain
us to walk uprightly in our several stations, secrecy and practice charity. It leads the
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L. )
contemplative Mason to view, with rever- to its system of government ~by three
ence and admiration, the glorious works of officers—the Worshipful Master, the Senior
creation, and inspires him with the most and Junior Wardens.
* * * the precious jewels of a Fellow
exalted ideas of the perfections of his
Divine Creator. Craft * * * * * * * * * * * the attentive
* * * * * * * * * * * ear receives the sound from the inst~tive
In six days God created the heavens and t~ngue, and the mysteries of1~’reeI~sonry
the earth, and rested upon the seventh day; ar~ safely lodged in the repository of a’~
the seventh, therefore, our ancient brethren ~ faithful breast.
consecrated as a day of rest from their * * 1’ * * the five orders of architecture;
labors; thereby enjoying frequent oppor- the Ionic, Doric, Corinthian, Tuscan and
tunities to contemplate the glorious works Composite.
of creation, and to adore their great Creator. The ancient and original Orders of
* * * * * * * * * * *
Architecture revered by Masons are no
Two spherical bodies, or globes, on the more than three—the Ionic, Doric, and
surfaces of which are represented the Corinthian, which were invented by the
countries, seas, and various parts of the Greeks. To these the Romans have added
earth, the face of the heavens and other two; the Tuscan, which they made plainer
important particulars. than the Doric, and the Composite, which
Contemplating these bodies, we are in- was more ornamental, if not more beautiful,
spired with a due reverence for the Creator than the Corinthian. The first three orders
and his works, and are induced to encourage alone, however, show invention and par-
the studies of astronomy, geography, and ticular character, and essentially differ from
navigation, and the arts dependent on them, each other; the two others have nothing
by which society has been so much bene- but what is borrowed, and differ only acci-
fited. dently; the Tuscan i’s the Doric in its earliest
* * * which have reference to the divi- state; and the Composite is the Corinthian,
sion of the Masonic organization into three enriched with the Ionic. To the Greeks,
degrees—the Entered Apprentice, the Fel- rher.efore, and not to the Romans, are we
low Craft, and the Master Mason—and
indebted for what is great, judicious, and By whom was it instituted?
* * * * * * * * * * *
distinct in architecture. * * * * * * * * * * *
Of these five orders, the Ionic, Doric, * * * * * * * * * * *
and Corinthian as the most ancient, are * * * * * * * * * *
most esteemed by Masons. Our ancient brethren received their wages
The Ionic, emblematical of the column in * * * * but we as Free and Accepted
of Wisdom, is placed in the east part of the Masons receive as wages the * * * * * *
Lodge, and is represented by the Worship- You have been admitted into the ****
ful Master; the Doric, emblematical of the by virtue of the * * which you behold
column of Strength, is placed in the West * * * * * * * *~ *
part of the Lodge, and is represented by Geometry, the first and noblest of
the Senior Warden; and the Corinthian, sciences, is the basis on which the super-
emblematical of the column of Beauty, is structure of Masonry is erected. By
placed in the south part of the Lodge, and geometry we may curiously trace Nature,
is represented by the Junior Warden. through her various windings, to her most
* * * * to the five senses, which are
concealed recesses. By it we may dis-
Hearing, Seeing, Feeling, Smelling, and cover the power, the wisdom, and the
Tasting. Of these senses, Hearing, Seeing goodness of the Grand Artificer of the’
and Feeling have always been highly revered Universe, and view with delight the pro-
by Masons. * * * * * * portions which connect this vast machine.
* * * * * * ~ * * ~i * the seven liberal
By it we may discover how the planets
Arts and Sciences—which are Grammar, move in their different orbits, and demon-
Rhetoric, Logic, Arithmetic, Geometry, A4’usic strate their various revolutions. By it we
and Astronomy * * ~ * * * * account for the return of seasons, and the
What does it denote? variety of scenes which each season dis-
* * * * * * * * plays to the discerning eye. Numberless
How is it represented? worlds are around us, all framed by the
* * * * * * * * * * 4 same Divine Artist, which roll through the
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vast expanse, and are all conducted by the truths; and thus, through a succession of
same unerring law of Nature. ages, are transmitted, unimpaired, the most
A survey of Nature, and the observations excellent tenets of our institution.
of her beautiful proportions, first deter- ****** to the great and sacred name
mined man to imitate the Divine plan, and of the Grand Geometrician of the Universe,
study symmetry and order. This gave rise before whom all Masons, from the youngest
to societies, and birth to every useful art. E. A., to the W. M., should humbly, rever-
The architect began to design, and the ently and devoutly bow.
plans which he laid down, being improved CHARGE
by experience and time, have produced
works which are the admiration of every My Brother:
age. Being passed to the second degree of
The lapse of time, the ruthless hand of Masonry, we congratulate you on your
ignorance, and the devastations of war, preferment. The internal, and not the
have laid waste and destroyed many valu- ‘external qualifications of a man are~what
able monuments of antiquity on which the Masonry regards. As you increase in
utmost exertions of human genius have knowledge, you will improve in social
been employed. Even the Temple of intercourse.
Solomon, so spacious and magnificent, and It is unnecessary to recapitulate the
constructed by so many celebrated artists, duties which, as a Mason, you are bound
escaped not the unsparing ravages of bar- to discharge, or to enlarge on the necessity
barous force. Freemasonry, notwithstand- of a strict adherence to them, as your own
ing, has still survived. The attentive ear experience must have established their
receives the sound from the instructive value. Our laws and regulations you are
tongue, and the mysteries of Freemasonry strenuously to support, and be always
are safely lodged in the repository of faith- ready to assist in seeing them duly exe-
ful breasts. Tools and instruments of cuted. You are not to palliate or aggravate
architecture, and symbolic emblems, most the offences of your brethren; but, in the
eKpressive, are selected by the fraternity decision of every trespass against our rules,
to imprint on the mind wise and serious
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pronunciation which enables us to speak
you are to judge with candor, admonish or write a language with accuracy, agree-
with friendship, and reprehend with justice. ably to reason and correct usage.
The study of the liberal arts, that valu-
able branch of education, which tends so RHETORIC
effectually to polish and adorn the mind, Teaches us to speak copiously and
is earnestly recommended to your con- fluently on any subject, not merely with
sideration; especially the science of geom- propriety alone, but with all the advantage
etry, which is established as the basis of of force and elegance, wisely contriving to
our art. Geometry, or Masonry, originally captivate the hearer by strength of argu-
synonymous terms, being of a divine and ment and beauty of expression, whether it
moral nature, is enriched with the most be to entreat or exhort, to admonish or
useful knowledge; while it proves the won- applaud.
derful properties of nature, it demonstrates
the more important truths of morality. LOGIC
Your past behavior and regular deport- Teaches us to guide our reason dis-
ment have merited the honor which we have
now conferred; and in your new character cretionally in the general knowledge of
things, and directs our inquiries after truth.
it is expected that you will conform to the It consists of a regular train of argument,
principles of the Order, by steadily per- whence we infer, deduce, and conclude,
severing in the practice of every commend- according to certain premises laid down,
able virtue. Such is the nature of your admitted, or granted; and in it are em-
engagement as a Fellow Craft, and to these ployed the faculties of conceiving, judging,
duties you are bound by the most sacred reasoning, and disposing, all of which are
ties. naturally led on from one gradation to
GRAMMAR another, till the point in question is finally
Teaches the proper arrangement of words, This science ought to be cultivated as
according to the idiom or dialect of any the foundation, or ground-work, of our
particular people; and that excellency of
inquiries; particularly in the pursuit of A line is a point continued, and a figure
those sublime principles which claim our of one capacity, namely, length.
A superficies is a figure of two dimensions,
attention as Masons.
namely, length and breadth.
ARITHMETIC A solid is a figure of three dimensions,
namely, length, breadth, and thickness.
Teaches the powers and properties of By this science the architect is enabled
numbers, which are variously affected by to construct his plans and execute his
letters, tables, figures, and instruments. designs; the general, to arrange his soldiers;
By this art, reasons and demonstrations the geog~apher, to give us the dimensions
are given for finding out any certain num- of the world, and all things therein con-
ber whose relation or affinity to another is tained; to delineate the extent of seas, and
already known or discovered. The greater specify the divisions of empires, kingdoms,
p advancement we make in the mathematical and provinces. By it, also, the astronomer
sciences, the more capable we shall be of is enabled to make his observations, and to
considering such things as are the ordinary fix the duration of time and seasons, years
objects of our conceptions, and be thereby and cycles.
led to a more comprehensive knowledge In fine, geometry is the foundation of
of our great Creator and the works of the
creation. architecture, and the root of mathematics.
Teaches the art of forming concords, so
Treats of the powers and properties as to compose delightful harmony, by a
of magnitudes in general, where length, mathematical and proportional arrange-
breadth, and thickness are considered, from ment of acute, grave, and mixed sounds.
a point to a line, from a line to a superficies, This art, by a series of experiments, is
and from a superficies to a solid. reduced to a demon’strative science, with
A point is a dimensionless figure, or an respect to tones and the intervals of sound.
indivisible part of a space. It inquires into the nature of concords and
30 31
discords, and enables us to find out the
Master Mason
proportion between them by numbers. * * * * * * * * * * *

Is that divine art by which we are taught Remember now thy Creator in the days
to read the wisdom, strength, and beauty of thy youth, while the evil days come not,
of the Almighty Creator in those sacred nor the years draw nigh, when thou shall
pages, the celestial hemisphere. say, I have no pleasure in them; while the
Assisted by astronomy, we can observe sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars,
the magnitudes, and calculate the periods be not darkened, nor the clouds return
and eclipses of the heavenly bodies. By after the rain; on the day when the keepers
it we learn the use of the globes, the system of the house shall tremble, and the strong
of the world, and the preliminary laws of men shall bow themselves, and the grinders
nature. While we are employed in the study cease because they are few, and those that
of this science, we must perceive unparal- look out of the windows be darkened and
leled instances of wisdom and goodness; the doors shall be shut in the streets, when
and, through the whole creation, trace the the sound of the grinding is low, and he
glorious Author by his works. shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and
all the daughters of music shall be brought
low; also when they shall be afraid of that
which is high~ and fears shall be in the way,
and the almond tree shall flourish, and the
grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire
shall fail; because man goeth to his long
home, and the mourners go about~ the
streets; or ever the silver cord be loosed,
or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher
be broken at the fountain, or the wheel
broken at the cistern. Then shall the dust
32 33
return to the earth as it was: and the spirit that is born of a woman, is of few days,
shall return unto God who gave it.— and full of trouble. He cometh forth as
Ecciesiastes xii.1-7. a flower, and is cut down; he fleeth also as
a shadow and continueth not. Seeing his
days are determined, the number of his
The working Tools of a Master Mason months are with thee; thou hast appointed
are all the implements of Masonry, indis- his bounds that he cannot pass; turn from
criminarely, but more especially the Trowel. him that he may rest, till he shall accom-
The Trowel is an instrument made use plish his day. For there is hope of a tree,
of by Operative Masons to spread the if jt be cut down, that it will sprout again,
cement which unites a building into one and that the tender branch thereof will
common mass; but we, as Free and Accepted not cease. But man dieth and wasteth
Masons, are taught to make use of it for away; yea, man giveth up the ghost, and
the more noble and glorious purpose of where is he? As the waters fail from the
spreading the cement of brotherly love and sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up,
affection; that cement which unites us into so man lieth down and riseth not up, till
one sacred band, or society of friends and the heavens shall be no more. Yet, 0
brothers, among whom no contention should Lord! have compassion on the children of
ever exist, but that noble contention, or thy creation, administer them comfort in
rather emulation, of who can best work and time of trouble, and save them with an
best agree. exerlasting salvation. Amen.
PRAYER So mote it be.
Thou, 0 God! knowest our down-sitting LECTURE
and our up-rising, and understandest our THIRD SECTION
thoughts afar off. Shield and defend us
from the evil intentions of our enemies, The first class of emblems are * * * * *
and support us under the trials and afflic- The second class of emblems are the
tions we are destined, to endure, while Three Steps, the Pot of Incense, the Bee-
traveling through this vale of tears. Man, Hive, the Book of Constitutions, Guarded by
34 35

the Tiler’s Sword, the Sword Pointing to a in heaven to the lowest reptile of the dust.
Naked Heart, the All-seeing Eye, the Anchor It teaches us, that as we came into the
and Ark, the Forty-seventh Problem of world rational and intelligent beings, so
Euclid, the Hour-Glass, and the Scythe, and we should ever be industrious ones; never
are thus explained. sitting down contented while our fellow-
The Three Steps, usually delineated upon creatures around us are in want, when it is
the Master’s carpet, are emblematic of the in our power to relieve them without in-
three principal stages of human life: Youth, convenience to ourselves.
Manhood and Age. In Youth, as Entered The Book of Constitutions, Guarded by
Apprentices, we ought industriously to oc- the Tiler’s Sword, reminds us that we should
cupy our minds in the attainment of useful be ever watchful and guarded in our words
knowledge; in Manhood, as Fellow Crafts, and actions, particularly when before the
we should apply our knowledge to the dis- enemies ofM asonry; ever bearing in re-
charge of our respective duties to God, our membrance those truly Masonic virtues,
Neighbor, and ourselves; so that in Age, Silence and Circumspection.
as Master Masons, we may enjoy the happy The Sword Pointing to a Naked [-leart
reflections consequent on a well-spentlife, demonstrates that justice will sooner or later
and die in the hope of a glorious immor- overtake us; and although our thoughts,
tality. words, and actions may be hidden from the
The Pot of Incense is an emblem of a eyes of men, yet that All Seeing Eye,
pure heart, which is always an acceptable whom the Sun, Moon, and Stars obey, and
sacrifice to the Deity; and as this glows under whose watchful care even Comets
with fervent heat, so should our hearts perform their stupendous revolutions, per-
continually glow with gratitude to the great vades the inmost recesses of the human
beneficent Author of our existence, for the heart, and will reward us according to our
manifold blessings and comforts we enjoy. merits.
The Bee-Hive is an emblem of industry, The Anchor and Ark are emblems of a
and recommends the practice of that virtue well-grounded hope and a well-spent life.
to all created beings, from the highest seraph They are emblematic of that divine Ark

36 37

which safely wafts us u e~ this tempestuous prise, in the short space of an hour they
sea of troubles, and that Anchor which are all exhausted. Thus wastes man!
shall safely moor us in a peaceful harbor, Today he puts forth the tender leaves of
where the wicked cease from troubling, and hope; tomorrow blossoms, and bears his
the weary shall find rest. blushing honors thick upon him; the next
The Forty-seventh Problem of Euclid. This I lay comes a frost, which nips the shoot;
was an invention of our ancient friend and md ;~hen he thinks Ii is grea rne~s is srill
aspiring, he falls, like aiirmim n lea yes, r,
brother, the great pythagoras, who, in his
travels through Asia, Africa, and Europe, en rich our mother earth.
was initiated into several orders of priest- The Scvt~e is an emblem of time,
hood, and raised to the Sublime f)egree of ciii ~ the ‘ut~ 1 ir ead of life, and iaunche~
Master Mason. This wise philosopher us into erel nit y’. Behold! what havoc the
enriched his mind abundantly in a general scythe of rime makes among the human
knowledge of things, and more especially race! If by chance we should escape the
in Geometry ‘or Masonry. On this subject numerous evils incident to childhood and
he drew out many problems and theorems; youth, and with health and vigor arrive
and among the most distinguished he at the years of manhood; yet, withal, we
erected this, when, in the joy of his heart, must soon be cut down by the all-devour-
he exclaimed, Eureka, in the Grecian Lan- ing scythe of Time, and beg athered into
guage signifying “I havefound it,” and upon the land where our fathers have gone
the discovery of which he is said to have before us.
sacrificed a hecatomb. It teaches Masons The third class of emblems are as secret
to be general lovers of the arts and sciences. as any part of this degree, they are the
The Hour-Glass is an emblem of human
life. Behold! how swiftly the sands run, CHARGE
and how rapidly our lives are drawing to
a close! We cannot without astonishment My Brother:
behold the little particles which are con- I now proclaim you * * * * * * * * * *
tained in this machine; how they pass away That your virtue, honor and reputation are
almost imperceptibly! and yet, to our sur-
38 39

concerned in supporting with dignity the

character you now bear’. Let no motive,
therefore, make you swerve from your
duty, violate your vows, or betray your
trust; but be true and faithful, and imitate
the example of that celebrated artist whom
you have this evening represented. Thus
you will render yourself deserving of the
honor which we have conferred, and merit
the confidence that we have reposed.