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Smart Power Assessment and Automatic

Power Factor Correction System: Based on


IoT
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Dipak S. Wanere, BE-E&TC VIIT Pune
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Shubham S. Bilange, BE-E&TC, VIIT Pune
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Girishkumar P. Naranje, BE-E&TC VIIT Pune
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Rahul S Pol, Professor, E&TC Engineering, VIIT Pune

Abstract-There is a real need for new energy sources as per growing technology and indefinable features, but we
unintentionally do not think about it and wasting electrical energy in our day to day routine this is because of lag in the
power factor of resistive, capacitive and inductive loads. That’s why it is a necessity to stop wasting electrical energy and
start saving it. Before going ahead into the power factor correction, the term power factor stated as how much energy
provided has been utilized. The power factor is a relation between the actual electrical power that can be used in the
electrical circuit and the power from multiplication result of voltage and current in that circuit or it is the angle difference
between voltage and current. Ideally, the maximum value of power factor is unity or one. So the value of power factor of the
load as close to one the load provides better utilization and lesser wastage of electrical energy. The active power has a useful
role while reactive power is not much useful but, it used to develop the magnetic field required for devices. Most of the
devices we use has power factor less than one. To perform the automatic power factor correction of resistive, capacitive and
inductive load devices, we are using a prototype Particle Photon (P0). The power factor can be correct with the help of
the capacitor bank. It reduces reactive power consumption in a circuit which will lead to the minimization of electrical
energy losses. At the same time, it will increase the efficiency of the electrical system. As per the result of power factor
calculations the switching action of loads can be performed by MOSFET drive circuitry. The switching circuit will be able to
control the individual capacitors in the capacitor bank and will operate in steps based on the variation in power factor.
Current sensor and a Voltage transformer are used for sampling of the circuit current and voltage, so as to determine the
power factor. The smart control using this microprocessor control system ensures even utilization of capacitor steps,
minimizes the number of switching operations and optimizes power factor correction. The development of this project is to
enhance and upgrade the operation of single phase electrical devices and applicable for domestic applications.

Key words- detection and correction of power factor, particle photon, IoT.