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MTL B.E/ B.Tech (Part-Time) DEGREE END SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS, OCTINOV 2014 AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING BRANCH * SEVENTH SEMESTER ~ (REGULATIONS 2009) PTAU 9305 / PTAT 384 AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL Time: 3hrs Max. Mark: 100 ‘Answer ALL Questions Patt-A (10x 2 = 20 Mark) What are the effect of transient operating conditions on emission formation? . List the various harmfal effects of pollutants on environment. |. Explain the effect of engine speed in the emission formation . Explain the mechanism of NOx formation in SI engines? 1 2 3, 4 5. “What is the effect of switl and squish in emission formation. 6. How the smoke emission is formed in CI engines? 7, What do you meant by fuel modification? Give one example. 8, What are the types of catalytic converter? 9. What do.you meant by SHED test? 10, What do you mean by CVS-3? B (5x 16 = 80 Mark) 11. a, In what way the charcoal canister is used to reduce the emission? © b. What is meant by evaporative emission? What are the sources of evaporative emission? (10) 12. a, What are the operating variables that affect the HC and NO, formation in SI engines? Discuss the optimum operation for minimum emission. (OR) b, Briefly explain about the emissions from two-stroke SI engine. How these emissions are controlled? 13.a..() Briefly explain the CI engine combustion. How the delay period affects the ‘inission formation? 8) Gi) What are the operating variables that affect, the emission formation in Compression Ignition engine? @) (OR) ». How the CO emission is formed? Explain the mechanism of CO formation and control methods briefly? 14. a, What is the purpose of catalytic converter? Explain the types and mechanism to reduce the emission? (OR) b. What are the needs of EGR and SCR? Explain with sketch about the EGR and SCR techniques with their limitations, Ly explain the procedure involved in the ECE test cycle? By this method, how the vehicles are tested? (OR) b, (i) With the neat sketch, explain the procedure of measuring Nox emission. (10) (ii) What do you meant by emission standards? Give some examples. 6) HHT) BAE/ B.Tech (Part-Time) DEGREE RND SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS, APR/MAY 2014 ‘SEVENTH SEMESTER AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING BRANCH ‘Regulation -2009 PTAU-9305 AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL, ‘Time: Shs ‘Max, Mark: 100 er ucstion Part-A (10 x 2 = 20 Mark) . What are the sources of air pollution? 1 2. What do you meant by transient and steady state operation? 3, plain the effect of engine specd in the emission formation 4, Explain the mechanism of NOx formation in SI engines? 5. Explain the mechanism of smog formation in SI engines? 6, What do you meant by secondary air injection system? 7. How the fumigation technique controls the emission? 8. What do you meant by fuel modification? Give one example. 9, What is the need of driving oyele? 10. What is the need of constant volume sampling? rt—B 0 Mark) 11. () Briefly, explain the effects of automobile pollution on environment and on human body. (10) Gi) What are the transies operational effects on emission formation? 6)