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Carrera: Ingeniería Industrial

Materia: Simulación
Unidad 2 Simulación de variables aleatorias

Actividad 1.2: Generación de pseudoaleatorios y


variables aleatorias

DAVID JHOVANY GALINDO HERNANDEZ


SALVADOR NAVA HERNANDEZ
MARCELINO POLO MOLINA

Docente: Dr. Rodolfo Eleazar Pérez Loaiza

Horario: 2:00 – 3:00

28 de febrero de 2019

1
ÍNDICE
INTRODUCCIÓN ........................................................................................................................................... 2
Ejercicio 1 ...................................................................................................................................................... 4
Ejercicio 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... 9
Ejercicio 3 .................................................................................................................................................... 12
a) ……….……………..…………………..……………………………………………………………………….12

b) …………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………….13

c) ………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………14

d) …..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15

e) …….……………….……………………………………………………………………………………………16

f) …………..……………………….………………………………………………………………………………18

g) ………………….……………….………………………………………………………………………………19

h) ……………….………………….………………………………………………………………………………20

Ejercicio 4 .................................................................................................................................................... 22
Ejercicio 5 .................................................................................................................................................... 26
Ejercicio 6 .................................................................................................................................................... 28
CONCLUSIÓN ............................................................................................................................................. 62
Referencias ................................................................................................................................................. 62

2
INTRODUCCIÓN

El presente documento hablara sobre los conceptos de simulación de variables aleatorias, considerando
la generación de números con comportamiento estadístico aleatorio y uniforme en (0, 1), así como
la simulación de otras variables aleatorias.

Y se llaman números pseudoaleatorios a una sucesión determinística de números en el intervalos [0,1]


que tiene las mismas propiedades estadísticas que una sucesión de números aleatorios. A lo que refiere
los números generados por computadora se llaman números pseudoaleatorios, dado que son
predecibles a partir del primer número denominado semilla.

Las variables aleatorias son un proceso que enfrenta la simulación debido a que cuenta con variables
con un comportamiento probabilístico. En donde dicha variabilidad se pudiera clasificar dentro de alguna
distribución de probabilidad conocida. Se abordarán los temas de variables aleatorias discretas y
variables aleatorias continuas. Para la generación de las variables aleatorias discretas o continuas, es
necesario contar con la información específica de la distribución deseada, la aplicación de un método
para la generación de la variable aleatoria, y la implementación computacional para usarse en la
simulación de estas se explicará detalladamente en el tema correspondiente.

Las distribuciones más utilizadas son: Bernoulli, uniforme, binomial, Poisson, triangular, normal y
exponencial. En cambio, las distribuciones continuas modelan la aleatoriedad en eventos en los cuales
los valores de las variables pueden estar dentro de un rango de valores reales.

3
Ejercicio 1
1. Genere en una hoja de cálculo 200 números aleatorios en una misma columna, use la función
predeterminada ALEATORIO (o RAND). Copie estos valores y ubíquelos en la siguiente columna,
pero desfáselos una posición. Copie el último de los valo- res en el lugar que quedó vacío al
principio, y haga una gráfica de relación XY. ¿Se observa que los datos están dispersos de manera
uniforme?

Datos X Y
1 0.15121631 0.66600961
2 0.6029882 0.33299098
3 0.61576103 0.30095687
4 0.60290309 0.52972649
5 0.94257244 0.73096462
6 0.16792465 0.02397056
7 0.54697646 0.05626511
8 0.0942223 0.06506241
9 0.47163656 0.85179485
10 0.63596448 0.08174028
11 0.4894669 0.46111975
12 0.36828213 0.86136382
13 0.78069103 0.20939168
14 0.87838376 0.50030048
15 0.57458046 0.14926415
16 0.67199426 0.27192107
17 0.42517037 0.7876392
18 0.64450183 0.98101817
19 0.62799559 0.3427419
20 0.73510247 0.04376134
21 0.14242694 0.63556221
22 0.41126219 0.24740787
23 0.46079936 0.4239801
24 0.77212425 0.60555046
25 0.25939264 0.35120098
26 0.836432 0.71419551
27 0.70738874 0.22259194
28 0.13338601 0.81356284
29 0.15669643 0.45976757
30 0.24899341 0.41295337
31 0.89159469 0.15877452
32 0.17197194 0.11944994
33 0.6999805 0.31647247
34 0.06937223 0.68062527
35 0.93766305 0.7010853
36 0.38677455 0.00024057

4
37 0.17814508 0.05122823
38 0.50456124 0.759891
39 0.66419099 0.70379649
40 0.52224301 0.98268308
41 0.88374866 0.3669237
42 0.83591879 0.13133607
43 0.90938711 0.85786208
44 0.34093453 0.97358212
45 0.08259753 0.53006382
46 0.96027842 0.65550118
47 0.81785242 0.29196311
48 0.10124056 0.39385467
49 0.87095972 0.56081348
50 0.60668533 0.43581451
51 0.13541737 0.78348852
52 0.91307626 0.08216549
53 0.90364686 0.48421279
54 0.3663749 0.98236033
55 0.99900441 0.06209894
56 0.22946583 0.51775156
57 0.93335831 0.1058765
58 0.09695057 0.81973859
59 0.45077208 0.30328873
60 0.38924386 0.12668921
61 0.13350652 0.01764737
62 0.63662447 0.2456558
63 0.4997909 0.98615499
64 0.68563759 0.83908232
65 0.53873063 0.14023445
66 0.69649618 0.20133726
67 0.83721128 0.03064305
68 0.87045448 0.33040309
69 0.68495093 0.51493068
70 0.66282905 0.42649015
71 0.11676725 0.991474
72 0.25927062 0.35394755
73 0.65065646 0.38150582
74 0.87936821 0.14639487
75 0.3184667 0.56739835
76 0.51893431 0.8091696
77 0.0125793 0.69935224
78 0.9339864 0.27731269
79 0.61728219 0.86148009
80 0.92617834 0.35991678
81 0.46723087 0.34954666
5
82 0.42703167 0.32998626
83 0.96853376 0.23461352
84 0.26230585 0.67813224
85 0.11907301 0.95562771
86 0.25788728 0.25044414
87 0.20051746 0.79420408
88 0.33860397 0.36787302
89 0.1766946 0.0419914
90 0.06333626 0.83301871
91 0.60128585 0.40169412
92 0.80368534 0.40995747
93 0.72463168 0.54566031
94 0.60779449 0.48495178
95 0.60003871 0.91362151
96 0.08540695 0.23632829
97 0.25814874 0.58975899
98 0.68321567 0.95392279
99 0.65905558 0.83895364
100 0.86834812 0.86135266
101 0.63755367 0.19305204
102 0.52195346 0.58460818
103 0.77985022 0.01017217
104 0.5456722 0.53674057
105 0.57788881 0.42856294
106 0.98981621 0.40451464
107 0.80317491 0.67541415
108 0.12299715 0.93715798
109 0.68978769 0.29857856
110 0.81234827 0.19421888
111 0.74291014 0.43593542
112 0.5560697 0.32107167
113 0.23951077 0.59001422
114 0.55139438 0.50864702
115 0.55886773 0.12157313
116 0.40277803 0.68708761
117 0.53968731 0.13304519
118 0.44910274 0.07268414
119 0.82310952 0.68795073
120 0.48325663 0.06474287
121 0.75546877 0.59161938
122 0.04075513 0.63984117
123 0.44740204 0.69484861
124 0.19192361 0.0770123
125 0.51489273 0.92111243
126 0.31735398 0.96986255
6
127 0.92343253 0.49796727
128 0.76857782 0.69138717
129 0.24150455 0.74954948
130 0.16397412 0.3865358
131 0.17919651 0.04204023
132 0.57526543 0.94452563
133 0.83042768 0.65412122
134 0.7521273 0.63209169
135 0.15661386 0.63069447
136 0.7305841 0.06337326
137 0.35716298 0.21288728
138 0.14615539 0.81219637
139 0.82415258 0.05751113
140 0.18780753 0.90315243
141 0.43825885 0.03981081
142 0.97546202 0.29123145
143 0.0468544 0.58305901
144 0.90689447 0.78429264
145 0.76543749 0.39208386
146 0.72528093 0.72122863
147 0.44738897 0.30550988
148 0.51663993 0.26641182
149 0.44822973 0.78507387
150 0.08671207 0.50055051
151 0.37909956 0.36814229
152 0.43938975 0.02041233
153 0.47425054 0.14953892
154 0.75012605 0.5562123
155 0.88930789 0.18278931
156 0.56483076 0.97627082
157 0.82826283 0.16107335
158 0.0902091 0.78950368
159 0.4265223 0.97174671
160 0.82751363 0.24251986
161 0.8671905 0.87884194
162 0.69252836 0.61331744
163 0.18980175 0.24788794
164 0.92089744 0.66462962
165 0.15750433 0.39195761
166 0.66532278 0.02185897
167 0.50392858 0.75340227
168 0.7008153 0.15269489
169 0.33632304 0.77154566
170 0.63888019 0.82968827
171 0.73474859 0.10124045
7
172 0.22764494 0.69582655
173 0.62513972 0.19597198
174 0.36978548 0.4673341
175 0.04213845 0.18155508
176 0.01485863 0.34383606
177 0.36738179 0.46874608
178 0.84520862 0.19971603
179 0.14970356 0.21069899
180 0.22983014 0.15614093
181 0.57557157 0.82329368
182 0.60966146 0.76407606
183 0.80910296 0.79692053
184 0.07991238 0.76299993
185 0.436376 0.31147248
186 0.68170077 0.7180104
187 0.92482409 0.07281686
188 0.78711218 0.22944963
189 0.97381078 0.40871884
190 0.13015621 0.13216734
191 0.25536599 0.89202485
192 0.3406616 0.37305058
193 0.67558966 0.11502901
194 0.48389705 0.94079731
195 0.38450199 0.21641573
196 0.22406267 0.10312704
197 0.46395533 0.43924361
198 0.61932847 0.33938054
199 0.37017568 0.77867542
200 0.95355015 0.96043121

1.2

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2

8
Conclusión:
Los valores están totalmente dispersos, no muestran uniformidad alguna.

Ejercicio 2
2. Dado el siguiente generador de aleatorios Xi+1= (2177*X.+2367) mod 1351867; semilla 1117. Tome
los primeros números entre cero y uno para completar 100 pares de datos. ¿podemos decir que
los aleatorios generados son independientes?

a 2177
x1 1117
c 2367
m 1351867

X1 2434076 X1 1082209 r1 0.80052979


X2 2355971360 X2 1019046 r2 0.75380696
X3 2218465509 X3 51762 r3 0.0382893
X4 112688241 X4 483280 r4 0.35749105
X5 1052102927 X5 350401 r5 0.25919803
X6 762825344 X6 372356 r6 0.27543854
X7 810621379 X7 853046 r7 0.63101372
X8 1857083509 X8 970118 r8 0.71761402
X9 2111949253 X9 332999 r9 0.24632545
X10 724941190 X10 340478 r10 0.2518578
X11 741222973 X11 399857 r11 0.29578153
X12 870491056 X12 1240575 r12 0.91767601
X13 2700734142 X13 1055743 r13 0.7809524
X14 2298354878 X14 180978 r14 0.13387274
X15 393991473 X15 598176 r15 0.44248173
X16 1302231519 X16 383598 r16 0.28375445
X17 835095213 X17 993274 r17 0.73474294
X18 2162359865 X18 724532 r18 0.53594957
X19 1577308531 X19 1031609 r19 0.76310004
X20 2245815160 X20 364073 r20 0.26931146
X21 792589288 X21 395226 r21 0.2923559
X22 860409369 X22 621957 r22 0.46007297
X23 1354002756 X23 783889 r23 0.57985703
X24 1706528720 X24 472566 r24 0.34956571
X25 1028778549 X25 7762 r25 0.00574169
X26 16900241 X26 677837 r26 0.50140842
X27 1475653516 X27 766619 r27 0.56708209
X28 1668931930 X28 728052 r28 0.53855338

9
X29 1584971571 X29 583447 r29 0.43158641
X30 1270166486 X30 763373 r30 0.56468097
X31 1661865388 X31 420845 r31 0.31130674
X32 916181932 X32 967973 r32 0.71602733
X33 2107279588 X33 1070802 r33 0.79209182
X34 2331138321 X34 519613 r34 0.38436724
X35 1131199868 X35 1039056 r35 0.76860872
X36 2262027279 X36 353788 r36 0.26170345
X37 770198843 X37 986520 r37 0.72974688
X38 2147656407 X38 891611 r38 0.65954096
X39 1941039514 X39 1110369 r39 0.82136025
X40 2417275680 X40 137484 r40 0.10169943
X41 299305035 X41 542428 r41 0.40124391
X42 1180868123 X42 688232 r42 0.5090978
X43 1498283431 X43 414795 r43 0.30683145
X44 903011082 X44 1315793 r44 0.97331614
X45 2864483728 X45 1229422 r45 0.90942593
X46 2676454061 X46 1109268 r46 0.82054582
X47 2414878803 X47 444341 r47 0.32868716
X48 967332724 X48 747819 r48 0.55317539
X49 1628004330 X49 356462 r49 0.26368146
X50 776020141 X50 48483 r50 0.03586376
X51 105549858 X51 104232 r51 0.07710232
X52 226915431 X52 1153642 r52 0.85337008
X53 2511481001 X53 1063982 r53 0.78704694
X54 2316291181 X54 543010 r54 0.40167443
X55 1182135137 X55 603379 r55 0.44633048
X56 1313558450 X56 895593 r56 0.66248652
X57 1949708328 X57 316114 r57 0.23383531
X58 688182545 X58 82242 r58 0.06083591
X59 179043201 X59 596757 r59 0.44143207
X60 1299142356 X60 1350036 r60 0.99864632
X61 2939030739 X61 71881 r61 0.05317169
X62 156487304 X62 1022599 r62 0.75643518
X63 2226200390 X63 1027308 r63 0.75991851
X64 2236451883 X64 463865 r64 0.34312942
X65 1009836472 X65 1343690 r65 0.99395206
X66 2925215497 X66 1127176 r66 0.8337927
X67 2453864519 X67 225914 r67 0.16711272
X68 491817145 X68 1089424 r68 0.80586685
X69 2371678415 X69 503697 r69 0.37259388
X70 1096550736 X70 186599 r70 0.13803069
X71 406228390 X71 668290 r71 0.49434633
X72 1454869697 X72 260805 r72 0.19292223
X73 567774852 X73 1342579 r73 0.99313024
10
X74 2922796850 X74 60396 r74 0.04467603
X75 131484459 X75 353360 r75 0.26138685
X76 769267087 X76 54764 r76 0.04050993
X77 119223595 X77 259299 r77 0.19180821
X78 564496290 X78 767751 r78 0.56791945
X79 1671396294 X79 488682 r79 0.36148701
X80 1063863081 X80 1295619 r80 0.95839307
X81 2820564930 X81 570368 r81 0.42191164
X82 1241693503 X82 679597 r82 0.50271033
X83 1479485036 X83 542538 r83 0.40132528
X84 1181107593 X84 927702 r84 0.68623813
X85 2019609621 X85 1272190 r85 0.94106221
X86 2769559997 X86 936381 r86 0.69265815
X87 2038503804 X87 1240235 r87 0.91742451
X88 2699993962 X88 315563 r88 0.23342772
X89 686983018 X89 234582 r89 0.17352459
X90 510687381 X90 1033522 r90 0.76451512
X91 2249979761 X91 473073 r91 0.34994075
X92 1029882288 X92 1111501 r92 0.82219761
X93 2419740044 X93 1249981 r93 0.9246338
X94 2721211004 X94 1254600 r94 0.92805056
X95 2731266567 X95 495227 r95 0.36632847
X96 1078111546 X96 673547 r96 0.49823503
X97 1466314186 X97 890358 r97 0.65861409
X98 1938311733 X98 1086322 r98 0.80357225
X99 2364925361 X99 509978 r99 0.37724005
X100 1110224473 X100 341666 r100 0.25273659

1.2

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120

Conclusión:

Si son independientes con valores totalmente dispersos, lo cuales no tienen correlación alguna.
11
Ejercicio 3
3. Mediante cualquier hoja de cálculo, genere 50 variables aleatorias.

a) Distribuidas de manera exponencial con A = 5.

ri
1 0.48079018 3.27723597
2 0.57820834 4.31621887
3 0.18715243 1.03605839
4 0.17917918 0.9872522
5 0.01593094 0.08029603
6 0.42698357 2.78420442
7 0.93612529 13.754159
8 0.71071048 6.2016365
9 0.89039911 11.0545491
10 0.91103954 12.0978166
11 0.85971134 9.82026567
12 0.46347665 3.11322595
13 0.58229202 4.36486349
14 0.50915876 3.55817273
15 0.34243676 2.09607168
16 0.52028699 3.67283626
17 0.55954815 4.09977069
18 0.50704055 3.5366418
19 0.34059147 2.08206003
20 0.62030661 4.84195605
21 0.98798802 22.1092558
22 0.80217852 8.10195144
23 0.45198669 3.00727854
24 0.80009207 8.04949184
25 0.84257638 9.24407435
26 0.39380258 2.50274789
27 0.91720621 12.4570109
28 0.3934115 2.49952318
29 0.11452873 0.60817631
30 0.86290334 9.93534522
31 0.02073303 0.10475487
32 0.09072659 0.47554725
33 0.43026601 2.81292854
34 0.93803741 13.9061219
35 0.04778948 0.24484566
36 0.10280203 0.54239372
37 0.2096901 1.17665068
38 0.80954543 8.29170794
39 0.02401945 0.12156313

12
40 0.37684257 2.36478051
41 0.11498821 0.61077155
42 0.38561867 2.43569745
43 0.58115935 4.35132369
44 0.96576679 16.8727958
45 0.32619389 1.97406437
46 0.31658922 1.90329584
47 0.90139315 11.5830725
48 0.20386008 1.13990163
49 0.29312381 1.73449872
50 0.23965566 1.36991938
Promedio 4.98613564

b) Distribuidas de forma normal con media 50 y varianza 36.

ri rj
1 0.73735748 0.50066077 49.9592662
2 0.97484132 0.7731211 33.8882879
3 0.45548347 0.497956 50.0849603
4 0.96109955 0.19128343 64.2606556
5 0.76504101 0.20444631 59.796353
6 0.59017097 0.78921999 42.2280458
7 0.28722677 0.1207413 53.3966593
8 0.70725039 0.16417837 58.0701582
9 0.12257792 0.67609502 47.2564936
10 0.84824706 0.05550341 53.9814404
11 0.41728185 0.29271759 56.0124173
12 0.25355199 0.43148369 51.914926
13 0.64476642 0.15307191 57.0803965
14 0.79301471 0.19392027 59.9950254
15 0.30885213 0.75963046 44.8522197
16 0.36124444 0.95857459 48.5379905
17 0.36357605 0.57046261 47.5563452
18 0.1386219 0.71551971 46.7988234
19 0.33835129 0.96555803 48.8290863
20 0.85368955 0.82955897 39.6756844
21 0.22082354 0.20894533 54.0983096
22 0.63201768 0.32907911 57.4581938
23 0.28647186 0.31438048 54.5318848
24 0.02789078 0.08277097 50.7091886
25 0.67170591 0.21376235 58.7241433
26 0.91376271 0.03153362 52.6146627
27 0.70871821 0.69769752 41.0804285
28 0.13399738 0.56466777 48.7279662
29 0.57178887 0.85381442 43.7898474
30 0.1075874 0.88072964 48.0498785
13
31 0.6346335 0.14413463 56.6991528
32 0.28278574 0.41978901 52.3624073
33 0.68580028 0.25462973 59.1261047
34 0.93414601 0.71059558 36.4316566
35 0.79532328 0.05275715 53.478088
36 0.09903893 0.28376005 52.6788572
37 0.35410698 0.55236798 48.1872081
38 0.41409255 0.32520038 55.5243337
39 0.03715574 0.9717754 49.7087231
40 0.70385423 0.54183334 47.5678833
41 0.39052109 0.78098652 44.1419728
42 0.61432706 0.54021814 47.9292427
43 0.63097423 0.30224627 58.0196675
44 0.99971493 0.16995598 71.2410333
45 0.15169801 0.59908018 47.993142
46 0.63728336 0.08690892 54.4376784
47 0.79541426 0.23772125 60.656859
48 0.94312919 0.80806929 36.5783572
49 0.46380277 0.23067115 56.6494824
50 0.37956585 0.03657841 51.3355274
Promedio 51.2941423

c) Distribuidas de manera uniforme con límite inferior igual a 20 y límite superior igual a 100.

ri
1 0.00608814 20.4870515
2 0.67711824 74.1694588
3 0.07839012 26.2712099
4 0.44152007 55.3216057
5 0.42932989 54.3463913
6 0.6083366 68.6669284
7 0.96553639 97.2429111
8 0.73113571 78.4908568
9 0.33762204 47.0097628
10 0.9971253 99.7700238
11 0.96650505 97.320404
12 0.76914931 81.5319451
13 0.39744644 51.7957151
14 0.02751433 22.2011461
15 0.71585421 77.2683364
16 0.83406275 86.7250203
17 0.92710368 94.1682948
18 0.06568513 25.2548105
19 0.90988138 92.7905107
20 0.03458493 22.7667942
21 0.87351434 89.8811473
14
22 0.22185586 37.7484688
23 0.86570913 89.2567305
24 0.37062038 49.6496305
25 0.4393942 55.1515362
26 0.68328253 74.6626021
27 0.35082844 48.0662748
28 0.0341542 22.732336
29 0.40192338 52.1538706
30 0.98736092 98.9888737
31 0.87385513 89.9084102
32 0.68982461 75.1859684
33 0.71087897 76.8703177
34 0.21081631 36.8653047
35 0.22321555 37.8572443
36 0.27917362 42.33389
37 0.8262316 86.0985282
38 0.90117001 92.093601
39 0.32521243 46.016994
40 0.72085618 77.6684946
41 0.18864613 35.0916903
42 0.16227442 32.9819535
43 0.47399592 57.9196733
44 0.07876103 26.3008828
45 0.17354502 33.8836016
46 0.00867957 20.6943654
47 0.31483416 45.186733
48 0.62625823 70.1006581
49 0.24634511 39.707609
50 0.64862734 71.8901873
Promedio 59.7309351

d) Distribuidas triangularmente con límite inferior = 5, valor más probable = 15 y límite superior =25.

Variable rj ri f1 f2
1 0.08074377 0.32495766 10.7005057 -
2 0.51545534 0.36649982 - 17.0407275
3 0.98477188 0.8365713 - 20.9573684
4 0.24403079 0.5024018 12.0880307 -
5 0.45797304 0.17154485 9.14179731 -
6 0.812347 0.06628988 - 15.3371323
7 0.4340648 0.40321518 11.3499227 -
8 0.93025484 0.30217401 - 16.6464021
9 0.47568004 0.48354314 11.9537266 -
10 0.75324368 0.561166 - 18.3755453
11 0.82519448 0.58994574 - 18.5964521
12 0.5128043 0.29278352 - 16.5903836
15
13 0.2502073 0.70741331 13.4107866 -
14 0.49258766 0.57058485 12.5537067 -
15 0.81695388 0.05488224 - 15.2782833
16 0.95635101 0.45997614 - 17.6513684
17 0.90713473 0.12067577 - 15.622771
18 0.68050095 0.36467195 - 17.0292532
19 0.43498935 0.4071467 11.3808048 -
20 0.29438234 0.51931414 12.2063454 -
21 0.84562599 0.32156909 - 16.7633082
22 0.56356669 0.57128535 - 18.4523695
23 0.87035441 0.39789424 - 17.2404526
24 0.91570699 0.16458482 - 15.8598951
25 0.33404112 0.23374925 9.8347621 -
26 0.80757644 0.64529617 - 19.0442983
27 0.53342393 0.34730672 - 16.9210565
28 0.42732552 0.1121449 8.34880422 -
29 0.46562061 0.19405489 9.4051662 -
30 0.25251464 0.69526144 13.3382339 -
31 0.37308475 0.16125607 9.0156702 -
32 0.54099481 0.26710379 - 16.4390642
33 0.17460822 0.90843658 14.531194 -
34 0.82688902 0.31529918 - 16.7253349
35 0.57423248 0.60044242 - 18.6789433
36 0.59422698 0.73072071 - 19.8107873
37 0.68123815 0.8761798 - 21.4811905
38 0.2468294 0.09730157 8.11932 -
39 0.21947168 0.4201338 11.4817729 -
40 0.88465057 0.51585635 - 18.0419568
41 0.66981739 0.49817675 - 17.9160516
42 0.80092589 0.26469406 - 16.4250018
43 0.642458 0.65809297 - 19.1527183
44 0.3616932 0.91777928 14.5800797 -
45 0.46139713 0.80445519 13.9691426 -
46 0.78109854 0.24028668 - 16.2838465
47 0.8722577 0.80057808 - 20.5343319
48 0.95294653 0.21686826 - 16.1505269
49 0.7834643 0.62978483 - 18.9154691
50 0.030594 0.15821768 8.97765866 -
Promedio 15.1269944

e) Con distribución binomial y parámetros N = 5, p = 0.3, q = 0.7.

Variables
ri aleatorias
1 0.96979935 1
2 0.86002107 1
16
3 0.66281261 0
4 0.33704575 0
5 0.10723458 0
6 0.36968759 0
7 0.50584933 0
8 0.34050812 0
9 0.37432452 0
10 0.09833708 0
11 0.2461801 0
12 0.50069885 0
13 0.28735312 0
14 0.89083893 1
15 0.89219044 1
16 0.8700092 1
17 0.67636382 0
18 0.00175741 0
19 0.85187294 1
20 0.4193536 0
21 0.66861777 0
22 0.38071459 0
23 0.51322516 0
24 0.86361701 1
25 0.1344579 0
26 0.21998935 0
27 0.46638207 0
28 0.23307332 0
29 0.09348518 0
30 0.70782078 1
31 0.9133501 1
32 0.89517802 1
33 0.52404517 0
34 0.36602244 0
35 0.21611256 0
36 0.34539557 0
37 0.19286967 0
38 0.34506261 0
39 0.62344201 0
40 0.37527312 0
41 0.42126966 0
42 0.84119234 1
43 0.91463671 1
44 0.7576482 1
45 0.18123881 0
46 0.1085826 0
47 0.67743999 0
17
48 0.47887349 0
49 0.24169524 0
50 0.13589706 0
Promedio 0.26

f) Con distribución de Poisson, con A = 3.

ri
1 0.98394881 6
2 0.78922911 3
3 0.34483221 1
4 0.19253836 1
5 0.0690623 0
6 0.2777541 1
7 0.24210893 1
8 0.8799833 4
9 0.22813004 1
10 0.76718777 3
11 0.06843007 0
12 0.4577527 2
13 0.66054482 2
14 0.31306904 1
15 0.09565744 0
16 0.17324339 1
17 0.3128316 1
18 0.48521414 2
19 0.19440856 1
20 0.93738362 4
21 0.13336338 0
22 0.10197336 0
23 0.19683242 1
24 0.66572343 2
25 0.96357393 5
26 0.8329128 3
27 0.89838216 4
28 0.83835522 3
29 0.76361877 3
30 0.08197238 0
31 0.83874758 3
32 0.24721711 1
33 0.81589329 3
34 0.11146939 0
35 0.79748458 3
36 0.78847061 3

18
37 0.72838585 3
38 0.39095131 1
39 0.22585432 1
40 0.46771161 2
41 0.00234267 0
42 0.26363547 1
43 0.22504816 1
44 0.81461565 3
45 0.51057631 2
46 0.30542773 1
47 0.73318469 3
48 0.68317453 3
49 0.25170037 1
50 0.30672172 1
Promedio 1.84

g) Con distribución Weibull con parámetro de localización 100, escala 30 y forma 4

X ri Wi
1 0.66639347 104.01246
2 0.2270441 103.823148
3 0.56331988 103.975002
4 0.00382829 103.32293
5 0.84558744 104.084199
6 0.36487042 103.896065
7 0.20128963 103.805839
8 0.70027847 104.02493
9 0.55483039 103.971888
10 0.06060397 103.646925
11 0.71727933 104.031285
12 0.46598319 103.938309
13 0.05177514 103.627275
14 0.97095304 104.172106
15 0.57469218 103.979158
16 0.69806721 104.02411
17 0.79025658 104.059895
18 0.55763034 103.972916
19 0.13469337 103.750358
20 0.04291422 103.604096
21 0.96593938 104.165709
22 0.92843951 104.131409
23 0.20860737 103.810934
24 0.2172245 103.816748
25 0.59964381 103.988232

19
26 0.13568557 103.751346
27 0.7938241 104.061374
28 0.33046337 103.880052
29 0.12874572 103.744299
30 0.85021145 104.086397
31 0.95036473 104.149338
32 0.07090784 103.66673
33 0.67518419 104.015675
34 0.67303962 104.01489
35 0.87806291 104.100435
36 0.03636226 103.583843
37 0.20668149 103.809608
38 0.88713466 104.105369
39 0.44873814 103.93149
40 0.72674946 104.034863
41 0.83843744 104.080861
42 0.74838101 104.04316
43 0.62976538 103.999146
44 0.10565389 103.718121
45 0.7331025 104.03728
46 0.85453735 104.088484
47 0.94349008 104.143235
48 0.09680449 103.706698
49 0.99592979 104.233986
50 0.96369626 104.163064
Promedio 103.935713

h) Con distribución Erlang con parámetro de forma 4 y media 20

Variables
1-r1 1-r2 1-r3 aleatorias
1 0.10006827 0.69830904 0.72460821 14.9156017
2 0.72438467 0.01336854 0.89341121 23.749959
3 0.40128984 0.28565049 0.07766676 23.6069275
4 0.68554984 0.54177685 0.74150064 6.44757196
5 0.05489424 0.8231839 0.31726195 21.22475
6 0.92831364 0.96434901 0.62902592 2.8713522
7 0.47518376 0.99187152 0.53399621 6.89790961
8 0.95416571 0.87250975 0.23837961 8.08595131
9 0.09936112 0.20157711 0.40015583 24.1323948
10 0.10408363 0.23788309 0.86238176 19.2329688
11 0.86495978 0.89646179 0.12339903 11.7335194
12 0.14911303 0.12837011 0.58315928 22.4759165
13 0.90011734 0.87981421 0.04916552 16.2291871

20
14 0.56042805 0.1247368 0.15079782 22.762095
15 0.47268507 0.07850909 0.58932286 19.1132394
16 0.58049833 0.95463754 0.68366271 4.85291249
17 0.57678999 0.64121546 0.11422766 15.8211432
18 0.59613711 0.74946168 0.10966302 15.0801386
19 0.93435931 0.81975629 0.21987005 8.90680494
20 0.29086888 0.75192514 0.45823115 11.5019137
21 0.21281131 0.09455603 0.20346011 27.4909869
22 0.94222872 0.55092476 0.40960927 7.74107907
23 0.01069095 0.42639648 0.63746377 29.2050038
24 0.09351782 0.40370878 0.96346824 16.5694026
25 0.60447147 0.87828361 0.82338812 4.13757062
26 0.08511491 0.66257209 0.87291585 15.0564752
27 0.80079149 0.62792447 0.66070276 5.50970641
28 0.42790475 0.92703979 0.69744046 6.42475798
29 0.43897668 0.19304239 0.80887061 13.4013538
30 0.64959496 0.61281598 0.55731064 7.52864672
31 0.26581334 0.36667461 0.26064465 18.3641935
32 0.52354774 0.40849097 0.90621909 8.20443355
33 0.17732855 0.96217134 0.93375511 9.18427416
34 0.66981153 0.59445721 0.07910842 17.2890068
35 0.16185122 0.88251212 0.78723538 10.9264425
36 0.82453012 0.81688737 0.49954032 5.44631319
37 0.00164168 0.98245455 0.99424805 32.1775383
38 0.96419292 0.57076076 0.29573509 9.077701
39 0.68083198 0.76057504 0.7530448 4.70875396
40 0.39871373 0.77701982 0.32534167 11.4734019
41 0.86883403 0.33323929 0.43067582 10.4094863
42 0.76666158 0.9501051 0.42462509 5.8672055
43 0.57631596 0.36942263 0.16526548 16.7355765
44 0.55750011 0.98968852 0.36885371 7.9600638
45 0.61813225 0.98399386 0.64042401 4.7140664
46 0.14626187 0.82887446 0.9753632 10.6749429
47 0.14089983 0.10524377 0.31114984 26.8933138
48 0.97487165 0.29982284 0.55103966 9.1298072
49 0.93975331 0.22876872 0.60278655 10.2168688
50 0.69460161 0.62254766 0.97848783 4.3004942
Promedio 13.3292225

21
Ejercicio 4
4. Mediante una hoja de cálculo, genere 200 variables aleatorias distribuidas normalmente con media
30 y varianza 25. Use la fórmula x = 5z + 30 donde el valor de z representa una variable aleatoria
con distribución normal estándar obtenida a partir de la función = NORMSINV(RAND()).

NUM. Z x = 5z + 30 VARIANZA 25
1 32.26373 191.31866 DESV. STD 5
2 32.15121 190.75603 MEDIA 30
3 27.78579 168.92897
4 25.45746 157.28729
5 33.48052 197.40260 PROMEDIO 182.5519
6 18.22231 121.11156
7 27.64488 168.22441
8 41.17019 235.85095
9 29.65240 178.26201
10 28.10358 170.51790
11 34.77951 203.89755
12 13.36620 96.83099
13 37.98280 219.91401
14 28.46991 172.34956
15 30.67006 183.35029
16 31.97321 189.86606
17 37.90497 219.52485
18 29.09288 175.46440
19 33.76410 198.82051
20 31.28076 186.40378
21 33.70221 198.51103
22 29.47140 177.35699
23 32.70878 193.54391
24 25.55743 157.78713
25 29.66829 178.34143
26 31.74936 188.74679
27 27.40302 167.01509
28 40.00305 230.01523
29 24.70295 153.51474
30 29.21968 176.09841
31 27.83411 169.17053
32 27.38303 166.91517
33 32.92582 194.62911
34 28.83587 174.17934
35 40.27992 231.39961
36 25.86522 159.32612
37 37.91617 219.58086
38 22.97671 144.88355

22
39 32.00841 190.04205
40 32.10904 190.54518
41 22.36576 141.82878
42 34.84984 204.24920
43 30.73568 183.67841
44 31.61133 188.05665
45 25.91750 159.58748
46 29.95368 179.76840
47 28.77725 173.88626
48 32.90716 194.53581
49 26.31885 161.59427
50 33.18074 195.90372
51 21.26857 136.34283
52 30.63409 183.17047
53 28.05095 170.25476
54 27.44005 167.20023
55 34.51836 202.59181
56 30.25459 181.27294
57 28.74029 173.70143
58 27.11152 165.55758
59 28.86169 174.30843
60 32.40921 192.04603
61 30.58606 182.93028
62 30.19623 180.98114
63 29.17644 175.88219
64 25.20599 156.02997
65 30.58362 182.91810
66 26.60713 163.03563
67 29.68909 178.44545
68 31.72812 188.64058
69 35.83870 209.19351
70 34.97439 204.87193
71 30.26204 181.31021
72 22.97579 144.87894
73 39.34225 226.71126
74 32.95697 194.78483
75 33.83131 199.15655
76 24.30665 151.53326
77 25.58762 157.93812
78 31.98069 189.90343
79 30.05993 180.29965
80 36.62467 213.12337
81 34.86691 204.33456
82 29.59700 177.98500
83 34.45101 202.25505
23
84 40.66653 233.33263
85 33.45883 197.29417
86 26.47618 162.38090
87 26.03049 160.15244
88 28.49239 172.46196
89 23.02437 145.12186
90 36.59662 212.98310
91 27.56712 167.83562
92 32.46729 192.33643
93 27.34593 166.72965
94 36.33741 211.68706
95 31.16936 185.84682
96 31.82938 189.14689
97 26.74930 163.74650
98 20.63379 133.16897
99 25.45442 157.27208
100 28.17852 170.89262
101 29.59993 177.99963
102 37.03003 215.15016
103 34.24749 201.23744
104 20.77990 133.89949
105 34.64092 203.20458
106 25.84994 159.24968
107 25.71983 158.59915
108 36.15132 210.75658
109 25.35432 156.77159
110 28.07835 170.39177
111 23.59947 147.99733
112 29.38617 176.93086
113 29.56985 177.84924
114 30.82490 184.12452
115 38.18403 220.92013
116 23.68449 148.42245
117 24.77071 153.85357
118 30.11138 180.55689
119 26.39943 161.99713
120 41.57360 237.86802
121 33.94234 199.71171
122 36.84424 214.22118
123 36.20313 211.01565
124 34.58222 202.91110
125 25.60847 158.04236
126 33.09155 195.45773
127 30.12940 180.64699
128 34.37494 201.87469
24
129 28.70383 173.51913
130 27.01342 165.06709
131 33.23043 196.15214
132 23.50730 147.53650
133 32.19098 190.95489
134 27.78802 168.94011
135 25.72957 158.64787
136 20.58799 132.93997
137 34.34074 201.70371
138 31.12798 185.63991
139 37.63306 218.16529
140 44.20244 251.01222
141 28.12562 170.62810
142 35.27882 206.39409
143 20.79648 133.98239
144 28.96997 174.84983
145 31.17726 185.88629
146 36.44380 212.21898
147 26.40585 162.02927
148 25.98910 159.94548
149 35.13193 205.65964
150 27.46483 167.32414
151 29.71643 178.58215
152 37.24732 216.23658
153 33.40009 197.00046
154 28.96457 174.82283
155 28.06901 170.34507
156 36.32685 211.63426
157 29.37937 176.89685
158 37.38446 216.92231
159 29.76559 178.82795
160 25.47133 157.35664
161 26.54208 162.71042
162 34.32372 201.61859
163 27.56023 167.80113
164 32.26433 191.32164
165 30.10208 180.51042
166 42.18495 240.92475
167 26.17655 160.88277
168 26.92629 164.63146
169 26.49309 162.46543
170 31.20087 186.00436
171 30.10273 180.51366
172 35.12181 205.60903
173 35.91803 209.59014
25
174 34.73327 203.66634
175 37.01976 215.09881
176 24.28845 151.44226
177 28.71333 173.56667
178 34.90231 204.51153
179 31.89799 189.48994
180 31.33604 186.68018
181 31.77680 188.88399
182 31.93838 189.69189
183 29.75451 178.77256
184 33.95187 199.75933
185 27.06648 165.33238
186 25.72920 158.64602
187 35.83241 209.16206
188 23.48963 147.44814
189 40.71647 233.58233
190 23.06980 145.34899
191 30.94150 184.70748
192 23.28532 146.42662
193 33.66974 198.34868
194 32.07518 190.37588
195 27.45112 167.25561
196 34.53034 202.65168
197 36.99244 214.96219
198 35.83713 209.18565
199 32.02623 190.13113
200 28.88770 174.43849

Ejercicio 5
5. Mediante cualquier hoja de cálculo, genere 50 variables aleatorias distribuidas de manera triangular
con límite inferior = 12, valor más probable = 18 y límite superior = 25.

Variable rj ri f1 f2
1 0.93127904 0.10358388 - 18.3724522
2 0.01718345 0.48862247 16.1940921 -
3 0.68695302 0.10449671 - 18.3758275
4 0.46202052 0.23755339 - 18.8877268
5 0.92807335 0.95948098 - 23.5909465
6 0.81414364 0.42823771 - 19.7069525
7 0.55573935 0.8334792 - 22.1435127
8 0.41454837 0.08847251 13.7846597 -
9 0.570568 0.20782082 - 18.7696886
10 0.03997086 0.29181929 15.241218 -

26
11 0.26049705 0.90174955 17.6976297 -
12 0.9138866 0.45373781 - 19.8263313
13 0.02613596 0.31916275 15.3896694 -
14 0.34504784 0.89016974 17.6609284 -
15 0.2070208 0.41005513 15.8421328 -
16 0.6810428 0.88435866 - 22.6195745
17 0.0109818 0.10488932 13.9431973 -
18 0.7712349 0.77698306 - 21.6942731
19 0.2331793 0.39459995 15.7690315 -
20 0.97262888 0.32593919 - 19.2529156
21 0.69913632 0.85272213 - 22.3136241
22 0.6118752 0.15612567 - 18.5696157
23 0.70239166 0.50823453 - 20.0911806
24 0.33093372 0.37792364 15.6885297 -
25 0.4364072 0.32687973 15.4304038 -
26 0.98006284 0.89092069 - 22.688099
27 0.46093266 0.58920487 16.6055809 -
28 0.16752068 0.79166694 17.33854 -
29 0.18972046 0.32195635 15.4044719 -
30 0.15955494 0.70891832 17.0518372 -
31 0.55952123 0.26660692 - 19.0053139
32 0.5361473 0.03642043 - 18.1286538
33 0.33186381 0.40709473 15.8282385 -
34 0.50130706 0.4861295 - 19.9820667
35 0.78298602 0.58882514 - 20.5113957
36 0.15089142 0.49678242 16.2289676 -
37 0.16599696 0.65138997 16.842524 -
38 0.49854047 0.44811034 - 19.7997506
39 0.33322259 0.26917827 15.1129436 -
40 0.11618328 0.04556427 13.2807473 -
41 0.91384842 0.87271974 - 22.5026548
42 0.84068333 0.59856998 - 20.5649046
43 0.80408537 0.87763506 - 22.5513509
44 0.80727044 0.07469916 - 18.2665209
45 0.90717616 0.58752477 - 20.5043036
46 0.41354096 0.07525374 13.6459449 -
47 0.4124481 0.29598056 15.2642458 -
48 0.15049499 0.39307506 15.7617419 -
49 0.33983505 0.51086601 16.2884935 -
50 0.44892302 0.06402402 13.518178 -
Promedio 17.9906717

27
Ejercicio 6
6. Realizar la generación de 100 variables aleatorias de las siguientes distribuciones de probabilidad
y graficar sus resultados, utilizando 1 hoja de cálculo de Excel por cada problema.

Distribución Parámetros 1 Parámetros 2

Uniforme a=10 y b=4 a=1298 y b=942

Poisson λ = 4.5 λ = 3,95

Exponencial λ=3 λ=9

Triangular a=3, c=6, b=10 a=25, c=58, b=94

Weibull Β=2, α=10 Β=3, α=11

Normal µ=10, σ=4 µ=856, σ=58

Distribución uniformé parámetro 1

Uniforme a=10 y b=4

a= 10
b= 4
Medición ri Temperatura
1 0.95415871 4.27504774
2 0.58704558 6.47772654
3 0.39027511 7.65834932
4 0.95944445 4.2433333
5 0.76772052 5.39367687
6 0.61650081 6.30099517
7 0.12077357 9.2753586
8 0.06654609 9.60072344
9 0.45359364 7.27843818
10 0.20293063 8.78241623
11 0.60649548 6.36102713
12 0.62977356 6.22135867
13 0.91660911 4.50034532
14 0.13620649 9.18276105
15 0.22354015 8.6587591
16 0.24136805 8.55179168
17 0.8193207 5.0840758
18 0.1553192 9.06808481
19 0.48368258 7.09790451
20 0.16254257 9.0247446
28
21 0.71818435 5.6908939
22 0.82690227 5.03858639
23 0.68288553 5.90268683
24 0.66618206 6.00290764
25 0.54480774 6.73115357
26 0.87774985 4.73350092
27 0.13868177 9.1679094
28 0.63229045 6.20625732
29 0.70568966 5.76586207
30 0.90041667 4.59749997
31 0.91286673 4.5227996
32 0.82825459 5.03047247
33 0.78446645 5.29320128
34 0.05776313 9.65342122
35 0.09983404 9.40099579
36 0.67187127 5.96877236
37 0.35983699 7.84097805
38 0.4332526 7.40048443
39 0.86809516 4.79142907
40 0.44933096 7.30401422
41 0.13424126 9.19455242
42 0.23232767 8.60603396
43 0.08354051 9.49875697
44 0.98643247 4.08140515
45 0.3361143 7.9833142
46 0.825892 5.044648
47 0.86417568 4.81494594
48 0.63946852 6.16318888
49 0.15881844 9.04708938
50 0.58325461 6.50047236
51 0.84581333 4.92512003
52 0.29236246 8.24582523
53 0.49751113 7.01493322
54 0.5505323 6.69680623
55 0.18442793 8.89343241
56 0.02535124 9.84789259
57 0.57083268 6.57500393
58 0.0587169 9.64769858
59 0.74219656 5.54682067
60 0.6160725 6.30356503
61 0.26590361 8.40457832
62 0.2957055 8.22576698
63 0.68907179 5.86556928
64 0.9982772 4.01033679
65 0.62141088 6.27153472
29
66 0.10777759 9.35333446
67 0.70127388 5.79235672
68 0.21273571 8.72358576
69 0.98068348 4.11589914
70 0.58490302 6.49058188
71 0.78000114 5.31999314
72 0.6262828 6.2423032
73 0.84416786 4.93499283
74 0.26892322 8.3864607
75 0.86323604 4.82058376
76 0.05270065 9.68379609
77 0.18628785 8.88227288
78 0.92905781 4.42565314
79 0.47380671 7.15715972
80 0.86152215 4.83086708
81 0.59541081 6.42753513
82 0.85796896 4.85218622
83 0.85024041 4.89855753
84 0.98698883 4.07806703
85 0.96332831 4.22003012
86 0.65971624 6.04170254
87 0.13121894 9.21268636
88 0.12898834 9.22606994
89 0.38641721 7.68149675
90 0.23809656 8.57142064
91 0.89817168 4.61096995
92 0.96446612 4.21320326
Grafica de resultados
93 0.91695933 4.49824402
94 0.0193783 9.88373023 1400
1200
95 0.37453969 7.75276188
1000
96 0.19076905 8.8553857
800
97 0.14414423 9.13513462 600
98 0.85945877 4.84324739 400
99 0.58431733 6.49409603 200
100 0.61603701 6.30377794 0
61
1
6
11
16
21
26
31
36
41
46
51
56

66
71
76
81
86
91
96

promedio = 6.7845018

30
Distribución uniformé parámetro 2

a=1298 y b=942

a= 1298
b= 942

Medición ri Temperatura
1 0.16088189 1240.726048
2 0.48839128 1124.132706
3 0.22393389 1218.279535
4 0.29096259 1194.41732
5 0.98612821 946.9383568
6 0.0705139 1272.897051
7 0.01563599 1292.433588
8 0.77603002 1021.733311
9 0.61545223 1078.899005
10 0.55756617 1099.506445
11 0.32850746 1181.051344
12 0.12233362 1254.449232
13 0.71491364 1043.490743
14 0.34742195 1174.317786
15 0.37802368 1163.423568
16 0.93928644 963.6140289
17 0.81475308 1007.947903
18 0.85269478 994.4406583
19 0.83157487 1001.959347
20 0.14121703 1247.726737
21 0.06249197 1275.752857
22 0.97222131 951.8892135
23 0.83714697 999.9756781
24 0.51204675 1115.711358
25 0.26567759 1203.418777
26 0.2720044 1201.166434
27 0.57016166 1095.022447
28 0.64690641 1067.701318
29 0.52186139 1112.217345
30 0.41830551 1149.083237
31 0.17309845 1236.376952
32 0.7150946 1043.426324
33 0.48058371 1126.912201
34 0.27543907 1199.94369
35 0.90903162 974.3847415

31
36 0.93137598 966.4301515
37 0.520265 1112.785661
38 0.94028872 963.2572144
39 0.28750908 1195.646768
40 0.67864298 1056.403098
41 0.62931797 1073.962804
42 0.72351265 1040.429498
43 0.0673336 1274.029238
44 0.81463341 1007.990505
45 0.06358608 1275.363357
46 0.253346 1207.808824
47 0.99202158 944.8403169
48 0.11493207 1257.084183
49 0.91174821 973.4176377
50 0.81428904 1008.113101
51 0.7753276 1021.983376
52 0.99698047 943.0749519
53 0.90046907 977.4330094
54 0.27663548 1199.517769
55 0.87526898 986.4042433
56 0.61140366 1080.340297
57 0.59142952 1087.45109
58 0.43580687 1142.852754
59 0.3264379 1181.788109
60 0.71873057 1042.131917
61 0.48692852 1124.653447
62 0.01914592 1291.184053
63 0.16506413 1239.237169
64 0.05929421 1276.89126
65 0.82562919 1004.076008
66 0.68054672 1055.725368
67 0.18142219 1233.413699
68 0.5062386 1117.779058
69 0.28798503 1195.47733
70 0.21087078 1222.930001
71 0.10208015 1261.659467
72 0.47150082 1130.14571
73 0.19467686 1228.695037
74 0.14967961 1244.714058
75 0.72645766 1039.381071
76 0.64316754 1069.032355
77 0.79965559 1013.322609
78 0.37369352 1164.965109
79 0.15809535 1241.718054
80 0.14741797 1245.519203
32
81 0.48868832 1124.026958
82 0.31814904 1184.73894
83 0.60256159 1083.488074
84 0.25988143 1205.482209
85 0.77158379 1023.316172
86 0.72465121 1040.024171
87 0.40247136 1154.720197
88 0.28304147 1197.237238
89 0.70852778 1045.764112
90 0.44581146 1139.291121
91 0.85979652 991.9124395
92 0.92560345 968.4851732
93 0.93657023 964.5809999
94 0.17830829 1234.522248
95 0.82270983 1005.1153
96 0.85510253 993.5835002
97 0.16033327 1240.921358
98 0.15351911 1243.347197
99 0.42660357 1146.129129
100 0.591573 1087.400013

promedio = 1129.52899

Distribución Poisson Parámetro 1 λ = 4.5

Poisson
x p(x) P(x)
0 0.13534 0.13534
1 0.60901 0.60901
2 1.37027 1.37027
3 2.05540 2.05540
4 2.31233 2.31233
5 2.08110 2.08110
6 1.56082 1.56082
7 1.00339 1.00339
8 0.56440 0.56440
9 0.28220 0.28220
10 0.12699 0.12699
11 0.05195 0.05195
12 0.01948 0.01948
13 0.00674 0.00674
14 0.00217 0.00217
33
15 0.00065 0.00065
16 0.00018 0.00018
17 0.00005 0.00005
18 0.00001 0.00001
19 0.00000 0.00000

Intervalos
X L.inferior L.superior
0 0 0.13534
1 0.13534 0.60901
2 0.60901 1.37027
3 1.37027 2.05540
4 2.05540 2.31233
5 2.31233 2.08110
6 2.08110 1.56082
7 1.56082 1.00339
8 1.00339 0.56440
9 0.56440 0.28220
10 0.28220 0.12699

Hora ri Piezas/Hr
0 0.77616005 2
1 0.99576942 2
2 0.71665511 2
3 0.85483877 2
4 0.52780355 1
5 0.40998713 1
6 0.91260091 2
7 0.76964139 2
8 0.45595524 1
9 0.62556344 2
10 0.89118043 2
11 0.68953463 2
12 0.26141996 1
13 0.35947774 1
14 0.71807966 2
15 0.38282614 1
16 0.75253707 2
17 0.05288974 0
18 0.02627103 0
19 0.18602403 1
20 0.27722059 1

34
21 0.28944249 1
22 0.3504853 1
23 0.23307157 1
24 0.5391871 1
25 0.79678089 2
26 0.9684562 2
27 0.06462349 0
28 0.25418345 1
29 0.090452 0
30 0.9804042 2
31 0.34921174 1
32 0.44664153 1
33 0.25048728 1
34 0.20881202 1
35 0.19851401 1
36 0.92495165 2
37 0.06922756 0
38 0.89593826 2
39 0.96079412 2
40 0.39790787 1
41 0.33302316 1
42 0.46070661 1
43 0.78830925 2
44 0.88397044 2
45 0.85742621 2
46 0.58841273 1
47 0.28335862 1
48 0.83790307 2
49 0.91121074 2
50 0.91998892 2
51 0.93384223 2
52 0.80284304 2
53 0.84564195 2
54 0.53683281 1
55 0.18069952 1
56 0.96694005 2
57 0.70074612 2
58 0.41404549 1
59 0.13224073 0
60 0.28580822 1
61 0.93705293 2
62 0.94384901 2
63 0.79795203 2
64 0.7640404 2
65 0.17870924 1
35
66 0.69068939 2
67 0.31093443 1
68 0.10815708 0
69 0.04428698 0
70 0.34266401 1
71 0.39148987 1
72 0.73022188 2
73 0.59496823 1
74 0.44919735 1
75 0.62819731 2
76 0.69379279 2
77 0.67711887 2
78 0.81649124 2
79 0.97373192 2
80 0.48706127 1
81 0.03332166 0
82 0.2000282 1
83 0.48570082 1
84 0.61354131 2
85 0.27746619 1
86 0.79572686 2
87 0.06732497 0
88 0.50733471 1
89 0.23186669 1
90 0.49437017 1
91 0.96384609 2
92 0.47004562 1
93 0.15177666 1
94 0.65726499 2
95 0.72470746 2
96 0.40345071 1
97 0.93842389 2
98 0.59957364 1
99 0.69050537 2
100 0.67369125 2

PROMEDIO 1.36633663

Distribución Poisson Parámetro 2 λ = 3,9

Poisson
x p(x) P(x)
0 0.13534 0.13534

36
1 0.52781 0.52781
2 1.02922 1.02922
3 1.33799 1.33799
4 1.30454 1.30454
5 1.01754 1.01754
6 0.66140 0.66140
7 0.36850 0.36850
8 0.17964 0.17964
9 0.07784 0.07784
10 0.03036 0.03036
11 0.01076 0.01076
12 0.00350 0.00350
13 0.00105 0.00105
14 0.00029 0.00029
15 0.00008 0.00008
16 0.00002 0.00002
17 0.00000 0.00000
18 0.00000 0.00000
19 0.00000 0.00000
Intervalos
X L.inferior L.superior
0 0 0.13534
1 0.13534 0.52781
2 0.52781 1.02922
3 1.02922 1.33799
4 1.33799 1.30454
5 1.30454 1.01754
6 1.01754 0.66140
7 0.66140 0.36850
8 0.36850 0.17964
9 0.17964 0.07784
10 0.07784 0.03036
Hora ri Piezas/Hr
0 0.40634625 1
1 0.85531652 2
2 0.60508882 2
3 0.49488381 1
4 0.31472553 1
5 0.93861394 2
6 0.60477615 2
7 0.12744695 0
8 0.00487904 0
9 0.60216562 2
10 0.64519599 2
37
11 0.17361427 1
12 0.56207692 2
13 0.77949802 2
14 0.91044496 2
15 0.88411718 2
16 0.69330211 2
17 0.85692198 2
18 0.32049357 1
19 0.33299475 1
20 0.11803067 0
21 0.97226757 2
22 0.70237102 2
23 0.16876358 1
24 0.75087186 2
25 0.03370846 0
26 0.70904352 2
27 0.16548635 1
28 0.92224049 2
29 0.24530978 1
30 0.50507135 1
31 0.55841838 2
32 0.29184208 1
33 0.35255343 1
34 0.52934335 2
35 0.50146293 1
36 0.5049772 1
37 0.69203756 2
38 0.80973701 2
39 0.979769 2
40 0.40237614 1
41 0.11214264 0
42 0.10727186 0
43 0.00025612 0
44 0.8485457 2
45 0.40414975 1
46 0.44470399 1
47 0.65784617 2
48 0.12824864 0
49 0.88556297 2
50 0.4640789 1
51 0.39479435 1
52 0.71087704 2
53 0.59815648 2
54 0.60456655 2
55 0.02786137 0
38
56 0.84754483 2
57 0.99412932 2
58 0.15675023 1
59 0.42448899 1
60 0.81230031 2
61 0.55254869 2
62 0.45020772 1
63 0.73616015 2
64 0.60975434 2
65 0.79167971 2
66 0.22748909 1
67 0.44171409 1
68 0.94400424 2
69 0.25320357 1
70 0.9567916 2
71 0.7947903 2
72 0.7424702 2
73 0.22229297 1
74 0.90103561 2
75 0.17433539 1
76 0.76736005 2
77 0.49978271 1
78 0.52738959 1
79 0.30273029 1
80 0.2774569 1
81 0.25645564 1
82 0.90817899 2
83 0.28889855 1
84 0.65513961 2
85 0.10289917 0
86 0.55956468 2
87 0.69447854 2
88 0.52734895 1
89 0.93222508 2
90 0.27397831 1
91 0.35689844 1
92 0.63127618 2
93 0.29962754 1
94 0.88706846 2
95 0.34617286 1
96 0.71787096 2
97 0.3912937 1
98 0.09027951 0
99 0.45312954 1
100 0.85677824 2
39
PROMEDIO 1.38613861

Distribución Exponencial Parámetro 1 λ = 3

Xi=-
1/2ln(1-ri)
1/Landa= 3

Exponencial.
cliente ri tiempo de servicio (min)
1 0.98057586 11.8237164
2 0.65003154 3.14973671
3 0.90610669 7.09678849
4 0.49726074 2.06305086
5 0.10076874 0.3186451
6 0.66784181 3.30643185
7 0.50433713 2.10557783
8 0.06101694 0.18887351
9 0.92690146 7.84784077
10 0.02756259 0.08384869
11 0.06237463 0.1932144
12 0.14768834 0.47940907
13 0.47816021 1.95118399
14 0.8055015 4.91199251
15 0.06511186 0.20198518
16 0.29528008 1.04986449
17 0.5067748 2.12036826

40
18 0.03829487 0.11714218
19 0.57718998 2.58249698
20 0.57870766 2.59328488
21 0.50677185 2.1203503
22 0.58792498 2.65964958
23 0.41847407 1.62629916
24 0.48476256 1.9893823
25 0.87760101 6.30140759
26 0.55780822 2.44803482
27 0.22455671 0.76296126
28 0.54507835 2.36289019
29 0.9894319 13.6497455
30 0.81666369 5.08929917
31 0.6010958 2.757102
32 0.20218249 0.67762618
33 0.17241378 0.56772594
34 0.41404288 1.60352598
35 0.51714751 2.18413222
36 0.54495334 2.36206594
37 0.01643081 0.04970188
38 0.44138861 1.74690373
39 0.59642931 2.72221087
40 0.49636749 2.05772528
41 0.98988081 13.7799657
42 0.62617694 2.95191808
43 0.984222 12.4474157
44 0.76271476 4.31547698
45 0.68697558 3.48442217
46 0.46554126 1.87950224
47 0.54416488 2.35687235
48 0.95798847 9.50943357
49 0.18743865 0.62269157
50 0.8955371 6.77676985
51 0.02817906 0.08575112
52 0.09856251 0.31129373
53 0.82289419 5.19302384
54 0.29189807 1.0355017
55 0.67746051 3.39458912
56 0.19564153 0.65313077
57 0.56639508 2.50686444
58 0.56272802 2.48159971
59 0.81589431 5.07673582
60 0.04390288 0.13468734
61 0.95541476 9.33105714
62 0.28289698 0.9976073
41
63 0.43950784 1.73682006
64 0.41727799 1.62013511
65 0.49443923 2.04626112
66 0.88042334 6.37139272
67 0.56901023 2.52501279
68 0.24287471 0.8346796
69 0.25855993 0.89748285
70 0.6060555 2.79463573
71 0.67846273 3.40392547
72 0.16775719 0.55089311
73 0.1443464 0.46766896
74 0.05552363 0.17137383
75 0.66851651 3.31253179
76 0.95463166 9.27882209
77 0.35602389 1.32028094
78 0.47942269 1.95845062
79 0.51543481 2.17350989
80 0.4210034 1.63937603
81 0.53856657 2.32025248
82 0.86419449 5.98959451
83 0.46473911 1.87500299
84 0.54458756 2.35965543
85 0.42705624 1.67090314
86 0.69156775 3.52875922
87 0.82759156 5.27366682
88 0.06062315 0.18761564
89 0.88781404 6.56279235
90 0.98647117 12.9087961
91 0.1407448 0.45506795
92 0.47758788 1.94789553
93 0.32180922 1.16497993
94 0.30715866 1.10086274
95 0.54441242 2.3585019
96 0.5292688 2.26040412
97 0.08060123 0.25210602
98 0.47195559 1.91572468
99 0.10128664 0.32037343
100 0.40469126 1.55602537

PROMEDIO 2.98362735

42
Grafica de resultados
12

10

0
1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49

Distribución Exponencial Parámetro 2 λ =9

Xi=-
1/2ln(1-ri)
1/Landa= 9

Exponencial.
cliente ri tiempo de servicio (min)
1 0.80204712 14.57753636
2 0.88768608 19.67811705
3 0.98367952 37.03801243
4 0.27450665 2.888130321
5 0.18894207 1.884742124
6 0.50529373 6.334119734
7 0.0714977 0.667641768
8 0.26779917 2.805304003
9 0.87425402 18.6614232
10 0.37982078 4.29972107
11 0.67555558 10.13076927
12 0.95333877 27.58357568
13 0.94818777 26.641162
14 0.81015056 14.9537153
15 0.51189138 6.454955752
16 0.15302962 1.494805984
17 0.18357184 1.825347172
18 0.79201696 14.13268854
19 0.22539421 2.298609323
20 0.53026255 6.800232264
43
21 0.28338695 2.998973426
22 0.66587996 9.866294608
23 0.80011074 14.48992584
24 0.32328602 3.514559152
25 0.10450376 0.993395322
26 0.6732012 10.06569519
27 0.40352125 4.650404983
28 0.96277094 29.61599072
29 0.64785047 9.393294501
30 0.68737257 10.46468794
31 0.61445554 8.577888769
32 0.24921492 2.57972265
33 0.42166269 4.92838204
34 0.41303526 4.795114805
35 0.05164135 0.477202753
36 0.089651 0.845345145
37 0.20454581 2.059578218
38 0.75668263 12.72049768
39 0.31848645 3.450952278
40 0.07532306 0.704797684
41 0.97570961 33.45906872
42 0.40508537 4.674036313
43 0.0835357 0.785089534
44 0.63335942 9.030359432
45 0.42203194 4.934130097
46 0.74237973 12.20641756
47 0.97255631 32.36057226
48 0.12549904 1.206917011
49 0.20479428 2.062389865
50 0.11431891 1.092585027
51 0.27675888 2.916113478
52 0.99201384 43.47041263
53 0.95096335 27.13668646
54 0.34676675 3.832389155
55 0.0260938 0.237962588
56 0.14949542 1.45732938
57 0.45319707 5.433001283
58 0.94920059 26.81883445
59 0.992591 44.14553279
60 0.93954629 25.25289645
61 0.09623765 0.91069952
62 0.36491478 4.085964807
63 0.76595277 13.07009118
64 0.11533975 1.102964413
65 0.30473198 3.27112078
44
66 0.22020879 2.238561671
67 0.9625342 29.55894187
68 0.29371309 3.129603564
69 0.53729375 6.935965799
70 0.72858428 11.73693234
71 0.87293601 18.56758003
72 0.93154448 24.13413953
73 0.95875082 28.69311716
74 0.74081633 12.15196472
75 0.67039104 9.988634584
76 0.17459474 1.726927051
77 0.37322811 4.204553502
78 0.4854944 5.98093955
79 0.45993128 5.544529957
80 0.76758161 13.13294501
81 0.4197253 4.898282997
82 0.71479808 11.29102086
83 0.84485238 16.77040434
84 0.937714 24.98416759
85 0.85631537 17.46121011
86 0.29363255 3.128577381
87 0.4613961 5.568973672
88 0.68873652 10.50403983
89 0.39163879 4.472878367
90 0.32607238 3.551693023
91 0.88792561 19.69733214
92 0.85590548 17.43557256
93 0.73666736 12.00903534
94 0.20317716 2.044106193
95 0.52627823 6.724216044
96 0.92243413 23.00965032
97 0.14663618 1.427123764
98 0.78378311 13.78325938
99 0.87769177 18.91089879
100 0.44717758 5.334466047

PROMEDIO 10.64029123

45
Grafica de resultados
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49

Distribución Triangular Parámetro 1

a= 3
b= 10
c= 6

variable rj ri f1 f2
1 0.9447384 0.08165718 - 6.16679179
2 0.47682411 0.73389742 - 7.93659473
3 0.8522608 0.81585018 - 8.28349276
4 0.4769765 0.09397661 - 6.19258957
5 0.54583298 0.74171791 - 7.96714154
6 0.947898 0.82668498 - 8.33475519
7 0.64015457 0.52462453 - 7.24210089
8 0.0254011 0.09692475 3.93398222 -
9 0.57751672 0.37787654 - 6.84500786
10 0.7521846 0.40202756 - 6.90685288
11 0.87260845 0.33447298 - 6.73680642
12 0.34872275 0.94590725 - 9.06968607
13 0.93868211 0.02911133 - 6.05865268
14 0.20026478 0.75311025 5.60345776 -
15 0.95849868 0.25996824 - 6.55899605
16 0.04430301 0.11130842 4.00088751 -
17 0.59890596 0.11404794 - 6.23499895
18 0.22576361 0.34287596 4.75666835 -
19 0.79524177 0.18450177 - 6.38780239
20 0.98933997 0.39980775 - 6.90111698
21 0.14909876 0.5253705 5.17447339 -
22 0.22466782 0.42632117 4.95879824 -
23 0.69599273 0.24826487 - 6.53189358
24 0.4957916 0.50168355 - 7.17633869
25 0.71475383 0.89443381 - 8.70036197
26 0.30731517 0.70030127 5.51052015 -

46
27 0.75163238 0.43070171 - 6.98192567
28 0.46146599 0.40442348 - 6.91305583
29 0.04620023 0.23145884 4.44330507 -
30 0.69191154 0.85324974 - 8.46768012
31 0.67392173 0.00920729 - 6.01845715
32 0.63957983 0.25192273 - 6.54034159
33 0.08961067 0.46334265 5.04207833 -
34 0.26529114 0.58113704 5.28697034 -
35 0.72901727 0.33402547 - 6.73570951
36 0.9374375 0.36708393 - 6.81775911
37 0.00945258 0.96711883 5.95026599 -
38 0.15733456 0.66031491 5.4377929 -
39 0.52711331 0.70761964 - 7.83711172
40 0.85062576 0.40705652 - 6.91988707
41 0.64486627 0.19481882 - 6.41072446
42 0.19168028 0.77539158 5.64168965 -
43 0.71206017 0.99294017 - 9.66390871
44 0.46964322 0.46901026 - 7.08523828
45 0.4260069 0.66817976 - 7.6958464
46 0.67731357 0.8902739 - 8.67500279
47 0.97526238 0.80126064 - 8.2167923
48 0.38337299 0.43540361 - 6.99441484
49 0.66315514 0.33450629 - 6.73688808
50 0.83604804 0.75247932 - 8.00994201
51 0.06409462 0.54034454 5.20524394 -
52 0.50159602 0.90331348 - 8.75622176
53 0.5213104 0.79977908 - 8.21015789
54 0.20254022 0.45087158 5.01440915 -
55 0.21466019 0.7755024 5.64187842 -
56 0.26140488 0.64503368 5.40941967 -
57 0.56874557 0.06675614 - 6.1358181
58 0.29432475 0.08003305 3.84870337 -
59 0.94126779 0.56870893 - 7.37308982
60 0.01771904 0.37541047 4.83812248 -
61 0.37711552 0.62065088 - 7.53634705
62 0.73013266 0.67206203 - 7.70936526
63 0.66623302 0.9192006 - 8.86299061
64 0.60539317 0.03343683 - 6.06744221
65 0.15454981 0.22091222 4.41003901 -
66 0.88902071 0.66312677 - 7.67836876
67 0.42470925 0.96316446 - 9.2322965
68 0.53829887 0.0097803 - 6.01960865
69 0.05401241 0.32572378 4.71216646 -
70 0.05946531 0.90494249 5.85385395 -
71 0.17343369 0.73469766 5.57143518 -
47
72 0.79007722 0.40097526 - 6.90413246
73 0.87926495 0.16331525 - 6.34118106
74 0.72896139 0.38553626 - 6.86449049
75 0.13421216 0.92423438 5.88411329 -
76 0.67844002 0.00439857 - 6.00880683
77 0.47981277 0.1018197 - 6.20910501
78 0.58558478 0.88313463 - 8.63257692
79 0.98157776 0.83241515 - 8.36251485
80 0.91240291 0.35271452 - 6.78183783
81 0.96857188 0.6097559 - 7.50121917
82 0.52321736 0.22885171 - 6.48739802
83 0.70999755 0.95684316 - 9.16903099
84 0.67980163 0.86558784 - 8.53350943
85 0.31099213 0.66722735 5.45051957 -
86 0.50040195 0.82826589 - 8.34236742
87 0.20441688 0.19333059 4.31908123 -
88 0.07389786 0.62161119 5.3652697 -
89 0.04821083 0.20471672 4.35736894 -
90 0.55201032 0.23268519 - 6.49613971
91 0.33830503 0.18913136 - 6.3980702
92 0.19212862 0.36678656 4.81688717 -
93 0.99890091 0.4500862 - 7.03375309
94 0.07517701 0.12353965 4.05444625 -
95 0.98060486 0.35624719 - 6.79063168
96 0.37976383 0.51863569 - 7.22478309
97 0.55047541 0.60238054 - 7.47771702
98 0.63217304 0.83394582 - 8.37001014
99 0.04533857 0.78151051 5.6520925 -
100 0.10407715 0.84726012 5.76140202 -

PROMEDIO 6.60370991

Distribución Triangular Parámetro 2

a= 25
b= 94
c= 58

variable rj ri f1 f2
1 0.87451873 0.9939705 - 91.2046052
2 0.92661975 0.04233869 - 58.7703383

48
3 0.88860153 0.2966328 - 63.8078836
4 0.96309046 0.94634058 - 85.660779
5 0.99276355 0.14179771 - 60.649885
6 0.88861583 0.0685987 - 59.2567117
7 0.36313528 0.83053948 - 79.1803903
8 0.54520671 0.07035727 - 59.2895264
9 0.99669174 0.52725448 - 69.2476628
10 0.46383986 0.35119366 - 65.0025342
11 0.63306343 0.89268746 - 82.2069065
12 0.75282634 0.19359898 - 61.6720597
13 0.69304314 0.73022533 - 75.3016586
14 0.45604141 0.09265756 - 59.7083713
15 0.2520714 0.4868541 48.0257273 -
16 0.29760565 0.67508674 52.1140086 -
17 0.7614629 0.25593879 - 62.9467662
18 0.22785675 0.09999669 35.4353435 -
19 0.34905744 0.04882451 - 58.8898386
20 0.56986898 0.18045268 - 61.4096131
21 0.68868518 0.94088151 - 85.2468544
22 0.35785898 0.47606811 - 67.9420698
23 0.27993703 0.01997002 29.6634057 -
24 0.28649469 0.58527503 50.2460791 -
25 0.61944789 0.43409776 - 66.9184693
26 0.76242472 0.15504466 - 60.9082771
27 0.16720387 0.88682939 56.0766344 -
28 0.63729611 0.7277335 - 75.2155016
29 0.31827373 0.80994639 54.6990172 -
30 0.00905528 0.15689914 38.0714636 -
31 0.03708575 0.47119666 47.6524428 -
32 0.70264159 0.04159167 - 58.7566007
33 0.44602595 0.95911187 - 86.7205068
34 0.90647111 0.54316343 - 69.6677129
35 0.27908846 0.87774562 55.9170661 -
36 0.85528415 0.56564556 - 70.2739942
37 0.39738956 0.25483864 - 62.9238175
38 0.0420024 0.33684097 44.1525408 -
39 0.63440106 0.60039282 - 71.2427834
40 0.85316808 0.25741363 - 62.9775575
41 0.87043255 0.52568674 - 69.2066545
42 0.45346031 0.39246922 - 65.9400662
43 0.99401293 0.69909045 - 74.2521195
44 0.93837626 0.42621175 - 66.7304277
45 0.43308557 0.78549869 - 77.3268568
46 0.50985327 0.2575684 - 62.9807905
47 0.22096108 0.02361397 30.0710569 -
49
48 0.6618592 0.28018069 - 63.4568203
49 0.03542968 0.25835589 41.7734779 -
50 0.04148128 0.38920149 45.587385 -
51 0.98778397 0.64624193 - 72.5880768
52 0.40439073 0.96199071 - 86.9814503
53 0.87488596 0.83914461 - 79.5615589
54 0.25563753 0.37761424 45.278607 -
55 0.9453894 0.56387478 - 70.22568
56 0.93208594 0.76294952 - 76.472381
57 0.68706951 0.52902359 - 69.2940204
58 0.70959411 0.66815161 - 73.2617378
59 0.51001143 0.9279087 - 84.3340636
60 0.50739182 0.19331334 - 61.6663346
61 0.82405442 0.09849768 - 59.8189087
62 0.05194854 0.51129752 48.5966735 -
63 0.57991217 0.2177026 - 62.1588719
64 0.8575318 0.45945638 - 67.5321981
65 0.66846303 0.51199545 - 68.8513638
66 0.61594154 0.07343623 - 59.3470542
67 0.64070478 0.98420254 - 89.4752339
68 0.1500829 0.51867182 48.7662285 -
69 0.57320054 0.6043784 - 71.3565553
70 0.74257399 0.71183971 - 74.6749972
71 0.52614157 0.46565143 - 67.684306
72 0.99570204 0.07810087 - 59.4343917
73 0.64459812 0.23457114 - 62.5040351
74 0.98505641 0.9771448 - 88.5575431
75 0.29173221 0.87000915 55.7805127 -
76 0.04032988 0.93579388 56.9230251 -
77 0.66062977 0.55898953 - 70.092897
78 0.77733937 0.92593022 - 84.2023251
79 0.84467366 0.48707944 - 68.2173498
80 0.14758359 0.18561513 39.2174146 -
81 0.844259 0.249749 - 62.8178689
82 0.88010169 0.18417626 - 61.4837339
83 0.15176599 0.57910142 50.1125755 -
84 0.52461987 0.33491813 - 64.6410813
85 0.45970368 0.09434626 - 59.740297
86 0.57762035 0.82929478 - 79.1260641
87 0.44343526 0.10743851 - 59.9888299
88 0.91990572 0.53583179 - 69.4732391
89 0.81537141 0.30242132 - 63.9323768
90 0.34541469 0.01402554 - 58.2533512
91 0.46726232 0.76924331 - 76.7066293
92 0.7822916 0.18740139 - 61.5480695
50
93 0.39743228 0.11256384 - 60.0866212
94 0.79117303 0.70831648 - 74.5572163
95 0.04279222 0.95654845 57.2750873 -
96 0.72984256 0.86823146 - 80.9320227
97 0.49175418 0.56427459 - 70.23658
98 0.61447544 0.88504358 - 81.7941193
99 0.86730085 0.94543224 - 85.5904921
100 0.64502629 0.30338953 - 63.9532503

PROMEDIO 64.67484362

Distribución Weibull Parámetro 1

β= 2
α= 10

X ri Wi
1 0.55571546 1.95860839
2 0.94703764 2.22760275
3 0.63331814 2.00065118
4 0.28440447 1.79261821
5 0.07756179 1.5550205
6 0.18113446 1.70253965
7 0.5951231 1.97995405
8 0.91631714 2.19022025
9 0.99382631 2.35331508
10 0.68110112 2.02688965
11 0.27112798 1.78251842
12 0.01691049 1.3311146
13 0.19059699 1.71219205
14 0.19855042 1.72002459
15 0.18383832 1.7053367
16 0.85213279 2.13386076
17 0.16844352 1.6889597
18 0.32569169 1.82216246
19 0.39078928 1.86441394
20 0.70788904 2.04193751
21 0.95715894 2.24318252
22 0.18965956 1.71125249
23 0.59711647 1.98103219
24 0.62119512 1.99406826
25 0.70847324 2.04226944
26 0.08316563 1.56637664
27 0.71786295 2.04763001

51
28 0.0633421 1.52269332
29 0.73556144 2.05787949
30 0.27920387 1.78870089
31 0.97379518 2.27594493
32 0.39073706 1.86438169
33 0.55413424 1.95774901
34 0.69421866 2.03421857
35 0.73984039 2.06038955
36 0.15993445 1.67939785
37 0.206603 1.72771559
38 0.78340234 2.08684894
39 0.98961975 2.32809759
40 0.16644389 1.68674752
41 0.97593223 2.28120627
42 0.03782431 1.44424772
43 0.09147774 1.58207879
44 0.7574341 2.07086171
45 0.54664235 1.95367223
46 0.33788127 1.83042704
47 0.34463958 1.83493149
48 0.11230671 1.61670858
49 0.49881402 1.92736446
50 0.23830666 1.75598419
51 0.31266597 1.81311596
52 0.54363288 1.95203207
53 0.10766517 1.60948765
54 0.73900209 2.05989674
55 0.20105502 1.72244161
56 0.77010991 2.07857776
57 0.85554075 2.13644962
58 0.50365433 1.93005522
59 0.06874099 1.53563808
60 0.50609288 1.93140798
61 0.34068091 1.83229951
62 0.66251894 2.01661415
63 0.93461579 2.21108819
64 0.60240494 1.98389287
65 0.33457334 1.82820251
66 0.11554631 1.62160312
67 0.39820846 1.86897307
68 0.59676386 1.98084147
69 0.34447952 1.83482543
70 0.08361951 1.56726764
71 0.65815247 2.01421474
72 0.35927529 1.84451062
52
73 0.6733353 2.02258163
74 0.2483429 1.7643584
75 0.22401526 1.74360763
76 0.63601549 2.00211867
77 0.66280869 2.01677355
78 0.08944035 1.57834538
79 0.09484112 1.58809127
80 0.31647499 1.81578554
81 0.60683561 1.98629023
82 0.50488471 1.93073799
83 0.63130815 1.99955838
84 0.4241043 1.88456198
85 0.25883113 1.77285641
86 0.58378834 1.9738231
87 0.36174483 1.84610452
88 0.52624504 1.94252151
89 0.34898323 1.83779886
90 0.78635228 2.08871218
91 0.58444387 1.97417774
92 0.04431351 1.46779067
93 0.2780086 1.7877936
94 0.80256192 2.09915217
95 0.70402565 2.03974684
96 0.13173168 1.64448616
97 0.97371986 2.27576549
98 0.49223734 1.92369573
99 0.54231206 1.95131173
100 0.33347594 1.82746157

PROMEDIO 1.88703444

53
Distribución Weibull Parámetro 2

β= 3
α= 11

X ri Wi
1 0.20500323 2.62419647
2 0.68775689 3.04169785
3 0.07705968 2.38504274
4 0.75055663 3.09086926
5 0.37150967 2.7979611
6 0.45248697 2.86489538
7 0.89937161 3.23550741
8 0.49176867 2.89540714
9 0.16674146 2.57006521
10 0.6269564 2.99617387
11 0.30963624 2.741095
12 0.05032748 2.29149298
13 0.55734551 2.94471327
14 0.10614923 2.45902391
15 0.14247517 2.53036888
16 0.47891788 2.88552901
17 0.99946864 3.60481215
18 0.50987175 2.90918032
19 0.5902677 2.96906761
20 0.50232967 2.90346078
21 0.41957833 2.83847336
22 0.6011765 2.97712077
23 0.77655767 3.11238085
24 0.74291859 3.08470466
25 0.34486029 2.77423658
26 0.42978553 2.84676707
27 0.59658412 2.97373064
28 0.59822298 2.97494044
29 0.8865223 3.21973567
30 0.07409073 2.37619668
31 0.42531618 2.84314721
32 0.9965138 3.5119776
33 0.04243406 2.25538617
34 0.0963582 2.43630008
35 0.49986127 2.90158326
36 0.8224495 3.15302611
37 0.65474099 3.01682741

54
38 0.28689612 2.71838189
39 0.42437716 2.84238439
40 0.61799796 2.98954592
41 0.1256771 2.49952256
42 0.46252973 2.87279004
43 0.84940517 3.17921684
44 0.56613044 2.9512254
45 0.59627472 2.97350224
46 0.20154542 2.61964415
47 0.03771139 2.23082797
48 0.42791245 2.84525217
49 0.38106487 2.80622838
50 0.40135125 2.82341334
51 0.65334531 3.01578521
52 0.85516081 3.18511108
53 0.92667657 3.27371699
54 0.88634186 3.2195219
55 0.31535271 2.7466306
56 0.63011115 2.99851069
57 0.46021462 2.87097638
58 0.86796983 3.19869411
59 0.17277427 2.57920798
60 0.03798397 2.23231764
61 0.46111056 2.8716787
62 0.84387235 3.17366023
63 0.5663642 2.9513985
64 0.22510914 2.64957052
65 0.25441043 2.68369249
66 0.78938031 3.12334397
67 0.12009395 2.48851382
68 0.15628213 2.55356818
69 0.04889144 2.28531469
70 0.03477777 2.21416009
71 0.25471598 2.68403291
72 0.08637584 2.41101279
73 0.58683241 2.96653107
74 0.15991911 2.55940239
75 0.95740857 3.33041707
76 0.7425654 3.08442109
77 0.0947063 2.43227468
78 0.6785591 3.03472153
79 0.52392953 2.91977824
80 0.62763017 2.99667282
81 0.08676363 2.41204065
82 0.64059262 3.0062879
55
83 0.90995535 3.24943813
84 0.76506982 3.10276803
85 0.97722814 3.3856635
86 0.19915965 2.61646815
87 0.72720903 3.07220975
88 0.5996946 2.9760268
89 0.14813885 2.54009699
90 0.15366291 2.54929851
91 0.6323308 3.00015587
92 0.59170299 2.97012728
93 0.39940263 2.82178293
94 0.31749988 2.74869307
95 0.07501224 2.37897463
96 0.75235376 3.09232903
97 0.21730657 2.63993471
98 0.08665569 2.41175496
99 0.12048678 2.48930217
100 0.09180031 2.42504585

PROMEDIO 2.83012067

Distribución Normal Parámetro 1

M= 10
r= 4

X ri rj VALOR
1 0.76726556 0.69060277 3.63997717
2 0.24304506 0.90108293 8.26191134
3 0.90914005 0.77059017 1.31250708
56
4 0.54889479 0.51815068 9.42564894
5 0.02242835 0.00478225 10.0255964
6 0.34408287 0.53161081 9.27515707
7 0.09768534 0.61546547 8.79663495
8 0.19365643 0.35729376 12.0503422
9 0.52375069 0.21794155 14.7736628
10 0.41844788 0.10608578 12.5750405
11 0.8725265 0.78360057 2.06144971
12 0.15792505 0.11796412 11.5834577
13 0.33687479 0.67458568 6.77381952
14 0.54629933 0.29059598 14.8662221
15 0.27135654 0.99542108 9.90844256
16 0.83724753 0.95966225 8.08879178
17 0.50051818 0.81379748 5.66045503
18 0.00862276 0.79164369 9.49149145
19 0.58211503 0.87423704 6.24571781
20 0.0656657 0.1489593 11.1870175
21 0.50155874 0.48507466 10.4420089
22 0.34691723 0.16544642 13.1834433
23 0.8269734 0.64364143 4.11915968
24 0.78280699 0.66861888 3.9038876
25 0.02903918 0.68492129 9.10896975
26 0.88206045 0.00515283 10.2677236
27 0.13235801 0.32459356 11.9016335
28 0.87042194 0.10850801 15.0958788
29 0.55345175 0.74262141 4.92622035
30 0.7528831 0.84032227 4.36019754
31 0.44258385 0.56908109 8.18129701
32 0.51186459 0.99892996 9.96779229
33 0.91354088 0.78090808 1.31546437
34 0.16533415 0.4222155 11.1290845
35 0.05826968 0.79193745 8.66178101
36 0.49573822 0.75091214 5.31935983
37 0.40189248 0.03890201 10.9814516
38 0.34056769 0.04744792 11.0721672
39 0.94493136 0.83000365 1.55960375
40 0.31542111 0.69915591 6.69388528
41 0.56608576 0.85707882 5.95752969
42 0.56178192 0.22938369 15.0951649
43 0.88992103 0.2543309 18.3998547
44 0.45916167 0.76855591 5.59521074
45 0.26134125 0.88579141 7.9526935
46 0.52367708 0.51657971 9.49341982
47 0.47557513 0.63550612 6.58141335
48 0.1404965 0.8157985 7.98434752
57
49 0.00421929 0.7538767 9.63227353
50 0.33081969 0.39515671 12.194672
51 0.32629193 0.27124849 13.5234538
52 0.47308636 0.90589314 7.47592948
53 0.38801509 0.82304014 6.44613178
54 0.49164484 0.75155882 5.34722431
55 0.05400521 0.18704996 11.2299781
56 0.73661132 0.440303 12.3937227
57 0.18909523 0.28503848 12.5273462
58 0.44155661 0.09031998 12.3209096
59 0.10878111 0.12444102 11.3526642
60 0.67913402 0.65801579 4.948371
61 0.36580548 0.64776192 6.94349046
62 0.57328256 0.75178709 4.77995907
63 0.04584671 0.09193985 10.6692049
64 0.18171235 0.42098424 11.206648
65 0.67809132 0.72120976 4.07567905
66 0.65096572 0.71393979 4.34464877
67 0.84552683 0.02381132 11.1523238
68 0.63271526 0.78920368 4.50945986
69 0.37196175 0.24280838 13.8541618
70 0.15360918 0.27078329 12.2904761
71 0.54405513 0.70669332 5.17123874
72 0.68637498 0.11951503 14.156338
73 0.59881659 0.43430196 12.1687927
74 0.61932205 0.62984248 5.95122413
75 0.51074424 0.34432858 13.9671241
76 0.24700971 0.1141485 11.9804479
77 0.96413421 0.27855539 20.15399
78 0.94719795 0.51749679 8.9356102
79 0.99333304 0.92177811 4.02414127
80 0.9106638 0.07474836 13.9788846
81 0.87418544 0.16957329 17.1266096
82 0.78832785 0.49997742 10.0009999
83 0.08949952 0.47694052 10.250089
84 0.05891388 0.60889934 9.11892012
85 0.08775318 0.100584 11.012758
86 0.59129441 0.69945165 4.91670147
87 0.35151561 0.98601647 9.67332531
88 0.55276428 0.58933474 7.29893903
89 0.81064469 0.64505877 4.23226519
90 0.78664989 0.21560439 16.8673974
91 0.75292913 0.76980818 3.36304769
92 0.20054236 0.69980463 7.45575545
93 0.62835694 0.82203029 4.93862345
58
94 0.1046026 0.47070112 10.3441969
95 0.20340643 0.5923214 8.52147734
96 0.12180295 0.23822843 12.033126
97 0.42136315 0.16746636 13.6339897
98 0.43542529 0.88866359 7.24607834
99 0.32211859 0.13106914 12.5873709
100 0.0683978 0.55648077 9.47679829

PROMEDIO 9.190589771

Distribución Normal Parámetro 2

M= 856
r= 58

X ri rj VALOR
1 0.91157712 0.77332146 729.620852
2 0.97010522 0.33898715 986.272816
3 0.76354122 0.74852343 757.507281
4 0.90671214 0.72569031 731.140843
5 0.33341891 0.55756067 837.516472
6 0.84894344 0.66768636 757.980893
7 0.00156419 0.16743034 858.818283
8 0.55271525 0.320957 922.381843
9 0.34482262 0.34169147 900.728387
10 0.91131255 0.97259878 834.127963
11 0.04487593 0.29055664 873.008256
12 0.69714509 0.99190606 851.442893
13 0.80209137 0.49046436 862.251201
14 0.00709134 0.65779028 850.20965
59
15 0.74220449 0.36046092 929.408016
16 0.90697072 0.80510398 737.09706
17 0.58247243 0.44884913 880.214817
18 0.84638004 0.75436272 743.77738
19 0.76505484 0.57876616 809.115235
20 0.19613365 0.42259636 873.913305
21 0.02849274 0.81695656 843.270301
22 0.19685251 0.48428136 859.786767
23 0.05329521 0.51688829 853.966911
24 0.42599407 0.8919496 817.624738
25 0.61554208 0.76271178 776.059426
26 0.93372009 0.26757453 990.302534
27 0.0886277 0.05608355 864.624139
28 0.33782685 0.26078485 908.542892
29 0.90916653 0.04513412 891.545247
30 0.54309297 0.86154014 800.515825
31 0.42271328 0.05448035 876.407915
32 0.86123424 0.35761897 945.907704
33 0.37384881 0.1003961 889.101237
34 0.13781545 0.61319741 835.381564
35 0.1090944 0.96091277 849.221936
36 0.10693675 0.98566829 853.519375
37 0.89935643 0.81679789 742.494849
38 0.9933084 0.86440603 717.873608
39 0.35507175 0.91907314 829.552819
40 0.08845678 0.63932528 836.833755
41 0.80881508 0.53574937 832.499977
42 0.16583181 0.46986579 862.57367
43 0.22846447 0.39163395 882.295839
44 0.55741633 0.89125306 809.246175
45 0.98301404 0.50525975 850.528678
46 0.3208735 0.16591682 900.066856
47 0.60413948 0.35848201 917.317546
48 0.41198647 0.35832236 902.453589
49 0.8941361 0.14088315 951.141899
50 0.02023321 0.11172305 863.572525
51 0.31186458 0.24876188 906.145487
52 0.61436919 0.20908838 933.437535
53 0.67835492 0.87361401 793.692187
54 0.52038207 0.25083113 926.309083
55 0.57317467 0.15273049 917.983909
56 0.53081971 0.43849721 882.892789
57 0.59063416 0.3483238 919.190011
58 0.21054462 0.73563023 816.280375
59 0.24386873 0.52514506 849.176779
60
60 0.1604488 0.84446709 827.564865
61 0.83731734 0.08068581 909.666987
62 0.69243767 0.95157043 829.314109
63 0.91158885 0.76255334 728.64549
64 0.42411749 0.12855066 900.036725
65 0.32313983 0.27741136 906.485143
66 0.60427862 0.37372469 912.289923
67 0.58543437 0.4456663 881.76878
68 0.025341 0.41563113 862.644518
69 0.88731126 0.05324522 895.793409
70 0.29237662 0.26407648 904.048717
71 0.45718249 0.27082705 919.566464
72 0.54370569 0.80072968 787.003631
73 0.70456591 0.848906 782.360488
74 0.12129703 0.98527472 853.274915
75 0.55968525 0.48155767 864.589019
76 0.79913848 0.27466216 958.674909
77 0.98196585 0.92712013 783.336835
78 0.18257266 0.46353255 864.364875
79 0.51635475 0.64987798 799.474096
80 0.90556361 0.84173376 750.35336
81 0.43357463 0.88135181 814.051599
82 0.97328748 0.79083015 704.990748
83 0.39827538 0.72005506 798.572103
84 0.31818217 0.27508045 906.132964
85 0.34781261 0.48484806 861.09758
86 0.32647009 0.11937673 891.151926
87 0.91620333 0.35345812 958.814976
88 0.9574504 0.41291621 931.825002
89 0.98619477 0.07559343 933.626939
90 0.36304355 0.43417958 878.138418
91 0.54916383 0.49265093 859.379364
92 0.04678704 0.24457315 873.944651
93 0.90541906 0.82396465 743.396651
94 0.61517674 0.39223898 906.219716
95 0.68272383 0.51836503 845.881458
96 0.97484344 0.16279266 990.362037
97 0.41761797 0.38085772 897.047807
98 0.18270529 0.17843434 889.18067
99 0.44598799 0.41463124 888.212795
100 0.22270874 0.06598225 872.583867

PROMEDIO 857.9174042

61
CONCLUSIÓN
Se analizó que las variables aleatorias son presentadas por medio de distribuciones de probabilidad, el
procedimiento es para la generación de los números con variables aleatorias a partir de las distribuciones
de la probabilidad que se conoce como la generación de variables aleatorias.

El principio del muestreo es basado en la interpretación de frecuencia de la probabilidad y requiere un flujo


permanente de los números aleatorios. La facilidad de aplicación de dichos métodos, así como el coste
computacional asociado a los mismos, varía mucho según la familia de variables aleatorias a las que se
apliquen. Normalmente existen varios algoritmos que se pueden utilizar para generar valores de una
determinada distribución, y diferentes factores que se pueden considerar para determinar qué algoritmo
utilizar en un caso particular.

La aplicación de variables aleatorias hoy en día es una parte fundamental para llevar a cabo su aplicación
en diferentes áreas de trabajo y por ello es previo conocer su composición e interpretación de estas.

Referencias
Bu, R. C. (2005). Simulación un enfoque practico. (1ra. ed.).(pp. 37-48).México:D.F.:
Limusa.

Dunna, M. R. (1996). Simulación y análisis de modelos estocásticos.(1ra. ed.).(pp.


28-40).. México, D.F: McGraw-Hill.

62