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# Name of School : DAPA NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

## Address : DAPA, SURIGAO DEL NORTE

Teacher : JOAN MARIE C. PELIAS
Subject : SCIENCE 7
Section : 7 – Vergarra/7 – Kintannar
Time Schedule : 10:15 – 11:05 AM/ 1:30 – 2:20 PM
Date : February 6 - 8, 2018
Time Frame : 3 days

I. Objectives:
 At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:
a. demonstrate how light produced by common sources differ in brightness;
b. identify the properties and characteristics of light;
c. explore the characteristics of light such as energy, frequency, and wavelength;
d. infer that white light is made up of different colors of light;
e. observe how primary colors combine to form other colors.

I. Subject Matter:
 Lesson : Light
 References: Science 7LM, Science 7 TG,
 Materials: Visual aids, activity sheet

## II. Lesson Development:

Learning Activities
Motivation
The facilitator may start with elicitation of the unique and indigenous light sources or lighting material in the
locality aside from bubs and fluorescent lamps. Ask them to differentiate the different light sources from their place to
arrive at the concept that there is variety of light sources

A. ACTIVITY

## Activity 1 – Light sources; kandila or lampara

Activity 2 – My spectrum wheel
Activity 3 – Color of Light – color of life

B. ANALYSIS

## 1. How is light produced?

2. How does light intensity vary with distance from the source?
3. How is color related to frequency and wavelength?

C. ABSTRACTION

## Light Sources , Electromagnetic spectrum and Characteristics of light

Brightness of light depends on the source and the distance from the source. Brightness however, is qualitative and is
dependent of the person’s perception. Quantitatively, brightness can be expressed as luminous intensity with a unit known as
candela. The unit expression came from the fact that one candle can approximately represent the amount of visible radiation
emitted by a candle flame. However, this decades-ago assumption is inaccurate. But we still used this concept in Activity 1 as
we are limited to an improvised photometer. If you are using a real photometer on the other hand, luminous intensity refers to
the amount of light power emanating from a point source within a solid angle of one steradian.

Further, in Activity 1, varied chemical sources produced different light intensity. Likewise, different distances from the light
source provided varied intensity.

As mentioned earlier, James Clark Maxwell discovered the Electromagnetic Theory of Light. He combined the concepts of light,
electricity and magnetism to come up with his theory forming electromagnetic waves. Since these are waves they also exhibit
different characteristics of waves such as wavelength, frequency and wave speed which you have studied in the previous
module. There are different forms of electromagnetic waves arranged according to frequency. This arrangement of the
electromagnetic waves is known as Electromagnetic spectrum. The visible part of which is known as white light or visible
light. The next activity will lead you to explore the characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum.

UV rays are highly energetic than other spectral regions on its left. This could be a possible reason why we are not advised to
stay under the sun after 9:00 in the morning. Prolong use of mobile phones may cause ear infection. This may be due to a
higher energy emitted by microwaves used in cellular phones than radio waves commonly used in other communication
devices.
Dispersion, a special kind of refraction, provided us color lights. This phenomenon is observed when white light passes
through a triangular prism. When white light enters a prism and travels slower in speed than in vacuum, color separation is
observed due to variation in the frequencies (and wavelength) of color lights.

Light, accordingly has wavelike nature and particle-like nature. As a wave, it is part of the electromagnetic waves as the visible
spectrum. This visible spectrum is also known as white light. White light undergoes dispersion when it passes through a prism.
The variations of refractive indices result to variations in the refraction of color lights dependent on the frequencies (and
wavelength) of the color lights. This brings about blue light being refracted more than the other color lights and thus appears
to be bent. However, light travels in a straight line path in a particular medium.

Brightness or intensity and colors are special properties of light. These can be observed in different phenomena such as
rainbows, red sunset, and blue sky. You can identify many other applications of light and colors as you become keen observers
of natural phenomena.

D. APPLICATION

## Q1. Which among the langis kandila or lampara is the brightest?

Ans: DL-LK1 (Canola Oil)
Q3. How would you relate the brightness or intensity of light with the distance from the source?
Ans: The farther the light source, the dimmer is the light and the lower the intensity

## Activity 2 – My spectrum wheel

Q1. How are frequency and wavelength related for a specific region of the spectrum?
Ans: While the frequency increases, the wavelength decreases.
Q2. What can you observe with the values of the product of frequency and wavelength in the different spectra?
Ans: The product of frequency and wavelength for all spectrum regions is constant. This is equal to the
speed of light in vacuum.
Q3. How is ENERGY related to FREQUENCY?
Ans: As the frequency is increased, the energy is also increased.

## Q1. Which color registers the highest frequency? shortest wavelength?

Ans: Violet – highest frequency, Violet – shortest wavelength
Q2. Which color registers the lowest frequency? longest wavelength?
Ans: Red – lowest frequency, Red –longest wavelength
Q3. What do you observe with the wavelength and frequency of the different colors?
Ans: The wavelength decreases as the frequency is increased.
Q4. What did you observe with the product of wavelength and frequency for each color? What is the significance of
this value?
Ans: The product of frequency and wavelength in all color lights is constant and equal to the speed of light
in vacuum.
Q5. What can you say about the speed of the different colors of light in air?
Ans: The speed of all color light in air is constant and is equal to the speed of visible light.
Q6. Give a plausible explanation as to why white light separate into different colors.
Ans: White light separates in color light due to the process known as dispersion. As white light enters the
air glass interface, different color light exhibit different refractive indices thus separates into the visible color
lights.

E. EVALUATION

1. Which color has the MOST energy?
a. red b. blue c. violet d. green
2. Which of the following lights has the highest frequency?
a. red b. blue c. violet d. green
3. Which of the following lists the 6 colors of the visible spectrum from shortest to longest wavelength?
a. Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Violet
b. Orange, Red, Yellow, Green, Blue, Violet
c. Violet, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red
d. Blue, Violet, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red
4. This type of electromagnetic wave has the most penetrating power:
a. X-rays b. UV Rays
c. Radio waves d. Infrared waves
5. What 3 colors of light would produce white light?
a. Red, Orange & Yellow c. Red, Yellow & Green
b. Red, Yellow & Blue d. Red, Green & Blue

III. ASSIGNMENT

Ask the students to bring some materials needed for the activities.

IV. Remarks:

Prepared by:

Subject Teacher

Checked by: