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ICS 77.140.

45

H 40

NATIONAL STANDARD

OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

中华人民共和国国家标准
GB/T 699-2015

Supersedes GB/T 699-1999

Quality Carbon Structure Steels

优质碳素结构钢

Issued on: December 10, 2015 Implemented on: November 1, 2016

Jointly Issued by the General Administration of Quality Supervision,


Inspection and Quarantine of the People' s Republic of
China and the Standardization Administration of the
People' s Republic of China
Contents
Foreword .................................................................................................................................... I
1 Scope ................................................................................................................................... 1
2 Normative References ......................................................................................................... 1
3 Classification and Code ....................................................................................................... 3
4 Order Contents .................................................................................................................... 3
5 Size, Shape and Weight ....................................................................................................... 4
6 Technical Requirements ...................................................................................................... 4
7 Test Methods ....................................................................................................................... 9
8 Inspection Rules ................................................................................................................ 10
9 Packaging, Marking and Quality Certificate ...................................................................... 11
Foreword

This standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard supersedes "Quality Carbon Structural Steels" (GB/T 699-1999).
Compared with GB/T 699-1999, this standard has the main technical changes as follows:
——Classification of steel bars according to metallurgical quality is cancelled;
classification of steel bars according to surface type is added (see Chapter 3; Chapter 4, Table
2 and Table 4 in Edition 1999);
——Rimmed steel and semi-killed steel are cancelled (see Table 1, 6.1.1.6 and 6.1.1.8 in
Edition 1999);
——Chemical composition of 08A1 steel is modified (see footnote c in Table 1; 6.1.1.5
in Edition 1999);
——"Yield point" is defined as "lower yield strength ReL or specified plastic elongation
strength Rp0.2" (see Table 2; Table 3 in Edition 1999);
——Permissible adjustment range of heat treatment temperature is added (see footnote c
in Table 2);
——The requirements of forged (rolled) samples for mechanical performance of steel
bars are modified (see the paragraph in Table 2; 6.4.2 in Edition 1999);
——The requirements of steel used for upsetting are determined (see 6.5.1; 6.5.1 in
Edition 1999);
——The macrostructure requirements of continuously cast steel are added (see Table 3);
——Surface defects are subdivided into imperfection and defect (see 6.6.1 and 6.8; 6.6.1
and 6.9 in Edition 1999);
——The provision "the surface quality may meet those specified in GB/T 28300" is
added (see 6.8.4);
——Sampling quantity for impact test, microstructure and other tests is modified (see
Table 7);
——The requirements that test result of steel bars shall adopt rules of rounding off for
numerical values are added (see 8.4.3).
This standard was proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This standard is under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Iron and
Steel of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 183).
Drafting organizations of this standard: China Metallurgical Information and
Standardization Institute, Shijiazhuang Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Fujian Sangang (Group) Co.,
Ltd., Tianjin Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd., Daye Special Steel Co., Ltd., Shougang
Corporation and Qingdao Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd.
Chief drafting staff of this standard: Luan Yan, Dai Qiang, Meng Ruiying, Liu Jianfeng,
Liu Guihua, Sun Zhicheng, Gong Cui, Hu Haiping, Liu Jun, Yan Chengming and Deng
Zhiyong.
The previous editions of the standard superseded by this standard are as follows:
——GB 699-1965, GB 699-1988 and GB/T 699-1999.

I
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’ S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
中华人民共和国国家标准
GB/T 699-2015

Quality Carbon Structure Steels


优质碳素结构钢
1 Scope

This standard specifies classification and code, order contents, size, shape and weight,
technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules as well as packaging, marking and
quality certificate of quality carbon structure steel bars.
This standard is applicable to the hot-rolled and forged quality carbon structure steel bars
with nominal diameter or thickness not greater than 250mm. The hot-rolled and forged quality
carbon structure steel bars with the nominal diameter or thickness greater than 250mm may
also be provided basing on the agreement of both the Supplier and the Purchaser.
The grade and chemical composition specified in this standard are also applicable to
steel ingot, steel billet, steel products with other sections and their products.

2 Normative References

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only dated editions apply. For undated references, the lastest
editions (including any amendments) apply.
GB/T 222 Permissible Deviations for Chemical Composition of Steel Products
GB/T 223.5 Steel and Iron - Determination of Acid-soluble Silicon and Total
Silicon Content - Reduced Molybdosilicate Spectrophotometric
Method
GB/T 223.11 Iron Steel and Alloy - Determination of Chromium Content - Visual
Titration or Potentiometric Titration Method
GB/T 223.19 Methods for Chemical Analysis of Iron Steel and Alloy - The
Neocuproine-chloroform Extraction Photometric Method for the
Determination of Copper Content
GB/T 223.23 Iron Steel and Alloy - Determination of Nickel Content - The
Dimethylglyoxime Spectrophotometric Method
GB/T 223.59 Iron Steel and Alloy - Determination of Phosphorus Content -
Bismuth Phosphomolybdate Blue Spectrophotometric Method and

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Antimony Phosphomolybdate Blue Spectrophotometric Method
GB/T 223.63 Methods for Chemical Analysis of Iron Steel and Alloy - The
Sodium (Potassium) Periodate Photometric Method for the
Determination of Manganese Content
GB/T 223.79 Iron and Steel - Determination of Multi-element Contents - X-ray
Fluorescence Spectrometry (Routine Method)
GB/T 223.81 Iron Steel and Alloy - Determination of Total Aluminum and Total
Boron Contents - Microwave Digestion-Inductively Coupled Plasma
Mass Spectrometric Method
GB/T 223.85 Steel and Iron - Determination of Sulfur Content - Infrared
Absorption Method after Combustion in an Induction Furnace
GB/T 223.86 Steel and Iron - Determination of Total Carbon Content - Infrared
Absorption Method after Combustion in an Induction Furnace
GB/T 224 Determination of Depth of Decarburization of Steel
GB/T 225 Steel - Hardenability Test by End Quenching (Jominy Test)
GB/T 226 Etch Test for Macrostructure and Defect of Steels
GB/T 228.1 Metallic Materials - Tensile Testing - Part 1: Method of Test at
Room Temperature
GB/T 229 Metallic Materials - Charpy Pendulum Impact Test Method
GB/T 231.1 Metallic Materials - Brinell Hardness Test - Part 1: Test Method
GB/T 702 Hot-Rolled Round and Square Steel Bars - Dimension, Shape,
Weight and Tolerance
GB/T 908 Forged Bars - Dimension, Shape, Weight and Tolerance
GB/T 1979 Standard Diagrams for Macrostructure and Defect of Structural
Steels
GB/T 2101 General Requirement of Acceptance Packaging, Marking and
Certification for Section Steel
GB/T 2975 Steel and Steel Products - Location and Preparation of Test Pieces
for Mechanical Testing
GB/T 4162 Forged and Rolled Steel Bars - Method for Ultrasonic Testing
GB/T 4336 Standard Test Method for Spark Discharge Atomic Emission
Spectrometric Analysis of Carbon and Low-alloy Steel (Routine
Method)
GB/T 6394 Metal - Methods for Estimating the Average Grain Size
GB/T 6402 Steel Forgings - Method for Ultrasonic Testing
GB/T 7736 Ultrasonic Inspecting Method for Macro-structure and Imperfection
of Steel
GB/T 8170-2008 Rules of Rounding Off for Numerical Values & Expression and
Judgment of Limiting Values
GB/T 10561 Steel - Determination of Content of Nonmetallic Inclusions -
Micrographic Method using Standards Diagrams
GB/T 11261 Steel and Iron - Determination of Oxygen Content - The Pulse
Heating Inert Gas Fusion-Infra-red Absorption Method
GB/T 13298 Metal - Inspection Method of Microstructure

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GB/T 13299 Steel - Determination of Microstructure
GB/T 15711 Steel Products - Method for Ecth Test of Tower Sample
GB/T 17505 Steel and Steel Products - General Technical Delivery Requirements
GB/T 20066 Steel and Iron - Sampling and Preparation of Samples for the
Determination of Chemical Composition
GB/T 20123 Steel and Iron - Determination of Total Carbon and Sulfur Content -
Infrared Absorption Method after Combustion in an Induction
Furnace (Routine Method)
GB/T 20124 Steel and Iron - Determination of Nitrogen Content - Thermal
Conductimetric Method after Fusion in a Current of Inert Gas
(Routine Method)
GB/T 20125 Low-alloy Steel - Determination of Multi-Element Contents -
Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometric
Method
GB/T 21834 Medium and Low Alloy Steel - Determination of the Distribution of
Multi-element Contents - Original Position Statistic Distribution
Analysis Method
GB/T 28300 Surface Quality Classes for Hot-rolled Bars and Rods Technical
Delivery Conditions
YB/T 4306 Steel and Iron - Determination of Nitrogen Content-Thermal
Conductimetric Method after Fusion in a Current of Inert Gas
YB/T 5293 Metallic Materials - Forging Test

3 Classification and Code


3.1 Steel bars are classified into the following two categories in accordance with application
and machining method:
a) Steel used for press working UP;
1) Steel used for hot working UHP;
2) Steel used for upsetting UF;
3) Steel used for cold-drawn blank UCD.
b) Steel used for cut work UC.
3.2 Steel bars are divided into the following five categories according to surface type:
a) Press working surface SPP;
b) Acid washing SA;
c) Shot (sand) blasting SS;
d) Peeling SF;
e) Polishing SP.

4 Order Contents
The order contract or order according to this standard shall include the following

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contents:
a) Standard number;
b) Product name;
c) Designation or uniform numeric code;
d) Delivery weight (or quantity);
e) Size, shape and their permissible deviation (see Chapter 5);
f) Application and machining method (according to steel used for cut work if not
indicated);
g) Delivery in heat treatment state or special surface state (see 6.3.2 and 6.3.3 if
required);
h) Impact test (see 6.4.2 if required);
i) Upset (see 6.5 if required);
j) Decarburized layer (see 6.7 if required);
k) Special requirements (see 6.9 if required)

5 Size, Shape and Weight

5.1 The size, shape, weight and permissible deviation of hot rolled steel bars shall meet
those specified in GB/T 702 and the specific requirements shall be noted in the Contract.
5.2 The size, shape, weight and permissible deviation of forged steel bars shall meet those
specified in GB/T 908 and the specific requirements shall be noted in the Contract.

6 Technical Requirements

6.1 Designation and chemical composition


6.1.1 The designation, uniform numeric code and chemical composition (smelting analysis)
of steel shall be in accordance with those specified in Table 1 .

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Table 1 Designation, Uniform Numeric Code and Chemical Composition of Steel
Uniform Chemical composition (mass fraction)/%
No. numeric Designation P S Cr Ni Cua
C Si Mn
code ≤
b
1 U20082 08 0.05~0.11 0.1 7~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.035 0.035 0.1 0 0.30 0.25
2 U20102 10 0.07~0.1 3 0.1 7~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.035 0.035 0.1 5 0.30 0.25
3 U20152 15 0.1 2~0.18 0.1 7~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
4 U20202 20 0.1 7~0.23 0.1 7~0.37 0.35~0.65 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
5 U20252 25 0.22~0.29 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
6 U20302 30 0.27~0.34 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
7 U20352 35 0.32~0.39 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
8 U20402 40 0.37~0.44 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
9 U20452 45 0.42~0.50 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
10 U20502 50 0.4 7~0.55 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
11 U20552 55 0.52~0.60 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
12 U20602 60 0.57~0.65 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
13 U20652 65 0.62~0.70 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
14 U20702 70 0.67~0.75 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
15 U20702 75 0.72~0.80 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
16 U20802 80 0.77~0.85 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
17 U20852 85 0.82~0.90 0.1 7~0.37 0.50~0.80 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
18 U21152 1 5 Mn 0.1 2~0.18 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
19 U21202 20 Mn 0.1 7~0.23 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
20 U21252 25 Mn 0.22~0.29 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
21 U21302 30 Mn 0.27~0.34 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
22 U21352 35 Mn 0.32~0.39 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
23 U21402 40 Mn 0.37~0.44 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
24 U21452 45 Mn 0.42~0.50 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
25 U21502 50 Mn 0.48~0.56 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
26 U21602 60 Mn 0.57~0.65 0.1 7~0.37 0.70~1 .00 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
27 U21652 65 Mn 0.62~0.70 0.1 7~0.37 0.90~1 .20 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
28 U21702 70 Mn 0.67~0.75 0.1 7~0.37 0.90~1 .20 0.035 0.035 0.25 0.30 0.25
Any element not specified in this table shall not be added without agreement of the users. Measures shall be taken to prevent
steel scrap or other materials from bringing in element which influences performance of steels.
a
Copper content for steel used for hot press working shall not be greater than 0.20%;
b
For aluminium-deoxidized killed steel, there is no lower limit for carbon and manganese content, upper limit of
manganese content is 0.45%, the silicon content is not greater than 0.03% and total aluminium content is 0.020%~0.070%, the
designation is 08Al in such condition.

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6.1 .2 As for the steel smelted by the oxygen converter, the nitrogen content shall not be
greater than 0.008%. The steel may not be analyzed when the Supplier can ensure it is
qualified.
6.1 .3 For 35~85 steels used for patenting steel wire, manganese content is 0.30%~0.60%,
manganese content of 65Mn and 70 Mn is 0.70%~1.00%, chromium content is not greater
than 0.10%, nickel content is not greater than 0.15% and copper content is not greater than
0.20%; the sulfur and phosphorus content shall also meet the standard requirements for the
steel wire.
6.1 .4 Permissible deviation for the chemical composition of steel bar (or blank) shall meet
those specified in GB/T 222.
6.2 Smelting method
Unless it is specified in contract, the smelting method shall be selected by the
manufacturer voluntarily.
6.3 Delivery state
6.3.1 Generally, steel bars are delivered in hot-rolled or forged state.
6.3.2 The delivery also may be in heat treatment (annealing, normalizing or high
temperature tempering) state if required by the Purchaser and indicated in the Contract.
6.3.3 The delivery also may be in special surface state (acid washing, shot blasting, peeling
or polishing) if required by the Purchaser and indicated in the Contract.
6.4 Mechanical performance
6.4.1 Determination of longitudinal tensile performance by sample blank made of
normalized blank shall meet those specified in Table 2. The steel products may not be tested
when the Supplier can guarantee the mechanical performance is qualified.
6. 4.2 As required by the Purchaser, the determination of longitudinal impact absorbing
energy of 25~50, 25Mn~50Mn steel bar by the sample made of the heat-treated (quenched +
tempered) blank shall meet those specified in Table 2. The round steel with nominal diameter
less than 16mm and the square steel with nominal thickness not greater than 12mm shall be
not subjected to the impact test.
6. 4.3 The hardness of steel bars used for cut work or blank for cold-drawing at delivery
condition shall meet those specified in Table 2. The hardness of steels not subjected to heat
treatment may not be tested if the Supplier is able to guarantee the quality. The hardness value
of steel bars after high temperature tempering or normalizing, it may be determined through
negotiation between the Supplier and the Purchaser.
6.4.4 As required by the Purchaser, tensile strength of 25~60 steel bars is permitted to be
20MPa lower than value specified in Table 2, but its percentage elongation after fracture is
improved by 2% (absolute value) at the same time.

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Table 2 Mechanical Performance
Recommended heat treatment Delivery
Mechanical performance
system hardness HBW

Blank Lower Percentage Impact


Tensile Percentage Non
sample yield elongation absorbed
No. Designation strength reduction heat Annealed
sizea Normalizing Quenching Tempering strength after energy
Rm of area Z treated steel
mm ReLd fracture A KU2
MPa % steel
MPa % J

Heating temperature/ ℃ ≥ ≤
1 08 25 930 — — 325 1 95 33 60 — 1 31 —

2 10 25 930 — — 335 205 31 55 — 1 37 —

3 15 25 920 — — 375 225 27 55 — 1 43 —

4 20 25 91 0 — — 410 245 25 55 — 1 56 —

5 25 25 900 870 600 450 275 23 50 71 i70 —

6 30 25 880 860 600 490 295 21 50 63 1 79 —

7 35 25 870 850 600 530 31 5 20 45 55 1 97 —

8 40 25 860 840 600 570 335 19 45 47 21 7 1 87

9 45 25 850 840 600 600 355 16 40 39 229 1 97

10 50 25 830 830 600 630 375 14 40 31 241 207

11 55 25 820 — — 645 380 13 35 — 255 21 7

12 60 25 81 0 — — 675 400 12 35 — 255 229

13 65 25 81 0 — — 695 41 0 10 30 — 255 229

14 70 25 790 — — 71 5 420 9 30 — 269 229


b
15 75 Sample — 820 480 1 080 880 7 30 — 285 241
b
16 80 Sample — 820 480 1 080 930 6 30 — 285 241
b
17 85 Sample — 820 480 1 1 30 980 6 30 — 302 255

18 1 5 Mn 25 920 — — 41 0 245 26 55 — 1 63 —

19 20 Mn 25 91 0 — — 450 275 24 50 — 1 97 —

20 25 Mn 25 900 870 600 490 295 22 50 71 207 —

21 30 Mn 25 880 860 600 540 31 5 20 45 63 217 1 87

22 35 Mn 25 870 850 600 560 335 18 45 55 229 1 97

23 40 Mn 25 860 840 600 590 355 17 45 47 229 207

24 45 Mn 25 850 840 600 620 375 15 40 39 241 21 7

25 50 Mn 25 830 830 600 645 390 13 40 31 255 21 7

26 60 Mn 25 81 0 — — 690 41 0 11 35 — 269 229

27 65 Mn 25 830 — — 735 430 9 30 — 285 229

28 70 Mn 25 790 — — 785 450 8 30 — 285 229

Mechanical performance in the table is applicable to steel bars with nominal diameter or thickness not greater than 80mm.

As for steel bars with nominal diameter or thickness greater than 80mm~250mm, the percentage elongation after fracture

and percentage reduction of area are permitted to be 2% (absolute value) and 5% (absolute value) lower than those specified in

this table respectively.

Steel bars with nominal diameter or thickness greater than 1 20mm~250mm are permitted to be forged (rolled) into

70mm~80mm samples and subjected to sampling inspection, the result shall meet those specified in this table.

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a
Where the size of steel bar is less than that of sample blank, steel bar in original size are subjected to heat treatment.
b
As for sample with working allowance, the performance is that in quenching + tempering state.
c
Permissible adjustment range of heat treatment temperature: ±30 ℃ for normalizing, ±20℃ for quenching and ±50℃
for tempering; recommended holding time: at least 30min for normalizing, air cooling; at least 30min for quenching, oil cooling
for 75, 80 and 85 steels and water cooling for other steel bars; at least 1h for 600℃ tempering.
d
In case of inapparent yield phenomenon, it may be replaced by specified plastic elongation strength Rp0.2.
6.5 Upsetting
6.5.1 For steel used for upsetting, hot upsetting or cold upsetting shall be noted in the
Contract. The height of sample after hot upsetting and cold upsetting test shall be respectively
1/3 and 1/2 of the height of former sample. Sample surface after upsetting shall be free from
visible crack.
6.5.2 The hot upsetting steel with nominal diameter greater than 80mm or the cold upsetting
steel with nominal diameter greater than 30mm may not be tested if the Supplier is able to
guarantee the upset test is qualified.
6.6 Macrostructure
6.6.1 The acid leaching macrostructure test plate of steel bar cross section shall be free from
visible shrinkage cavity, bubble, crack, inclusion, skull patch or flake. As for steel bar for cut
work, imperfections such as subsurface inclusion or subsurface bubble with a depth less than
or equal to those specified in Table 6 is allowed.
6.6.2 The acid leaching macrostructure of steel bar shall meet those specified in Table 3.
Table 3 Qualification Grade of Macrostructure

General looseness Central looseness Ingot shape segregation Center segregation a


Grade, ≤
2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
a
Only for continuously cast steel bar.
6.6.3 If the supplier could guarantee that the macroscopic test is qualified, ultrasonic testing
method specified in GB/T 7736 or other nondestructive inspection methods may be used to
replace acid leaching macroscopic test.
6.7 Decarburized layer
The group shall be indicated in the Contract as required by the Purchaser; in case of
inspection of decarburized layer of steel bar with nominal carbon content lower limit greater
than 0.30%, total decarburized layer depth (ferrite + transition layer) of each edge shall meet
those specified in Table 4.
Table 4 Permissible Depth of Total Decarburized Layer In: mm

Group Permissible total decarburized layer depth, ≤


Group I 1 .0% D
Group II 1 .5% D
Note: D is the nominal diameter or thickness of steel bars.
6.8 Surface quality
6.8.1 The surface of steel bars for press working shall be free from visible cracks, scars,
folds and inclusions. The above-mentioned defects must be cleaned up if they exist, the
cleaned depth shall be calculated from the actual dimension of steels and shall be in
accordance with those specified in Table 5, the cleaned width shall not be less than 5 times of
depth. For steels with nominal diameter or side length greater than 140mm, the maximum
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cleaned depth at the same section shall not be more than two positions. The individual tiny
scratches, impressions and pockmarks not exceeding the half of the dimensional tolerance
calculated from the actual dimension and the crackles with depth not exceeding 0.2mm are
allowed to exist.
Table 5 Permissible Defect of Steel for Pressure Work Bar In: mm

Nominal diameter or thickness Allowable defect removal depth

<80 1 /2 of the nominal dimensional tolerance of steels

≥80 ~1 40 Nominal size tolerance of steel bar

>1 40~200 5% of steel bar nominal size

>200 6% of steel bar nominal dimension

6.8.2 As for the steel bar for cut work, the local defects not exceeding those specified in
Table 6 calculated according to the steel nominal dimension are allowed to exist on surface.
Table 6 Permissible Depth of Partial Imperfection for Steel for Cutting Work In: m

Nominal diameter or thickness Permissible depth of partial imperfection

<1 00 Negative deviation of the nominal size of steel bar

≥1 00 Nominal size tolerance of steel bar

6.8.3 The surface of steel bars delivered in shot blasting or peeling state shall be free from
cracks, wrinkles, scars, inclusion and iron scale. The above-mentioned defects may be cleaned
up if they exist, but the greatest cleaned depth shall ensure the minimum dimension of steel
bars.
6.8.4 As required by the Purchaser, surface quality of hot rolled steel bars may meet those
specified in GB/T 28300, specific quality level and acceptance quality limit AQL (maximum
magnitude of defect) and inspection method is determined through negotiation between the
Supplier and Purchaser.
6.9 Specific requirements
The steel bars with the following special requirements may be supplied through
agreement between the Supplier and the Demander and indicated in the contract:
a) Reduce or broaden the chemical composition range for designations in Table 1 ;
b) Control sulfur content within the range of 0.01 5%~0.035%;
c) Analyze oxygen content or other residual elements;
d) Provide small size impact test value or V-notch impact test value;
e) Provide steel bar with requirement of hardenability characteristic;
f) Inspect grain size;
g) Inspect nonmetallic inclusion;
h) Inspect tower-shaped hair crack;
i) Inspect microstructure;
j) Ultrasonic testing;
k) Other.

7 Test Methods

See Table 7 for the inspection items and test methods of steel bars.
Table 7 Inspection Items, Sampling Quantity, Sampling Position and Test Methods of Steel Bars

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Inspection items Sampling Sampling position Test methods
No.
quantity

GB/T 223(see Chapter 2), GB/T

4336, GB/T 1 1 261 , GB/T

1 Chemical composition 1 /furnace GB/T 20066 201 23, GB/T 201 24, GB/T

201 25, GB/T 21 834 and YB/T

4306

2 Tensile 2/batch Different steel bars, GB/T 2975 GB/T 228.1

1
3 Impact Different steel bars, GB/T 2975 GB/T 229
group a/batch

4 Brinell hardness 3/batch Different steel bars GB/T 231 .1

5 Upsetting 2/batch Different steel bars YB/T 5293

Acid
Die casting: different steel billets or steel bars GB/T 226 and GB/T 1979
etching test
6 Macrostructure 2/batch equivalent to ingot head
Ultrasonic
Continuous casting: different steel bars GB/T 7736
testing

7 Tower-shaped hair crack 2/batch Different steel bars GB/T 1 571 1

GB/T 224 (Metallurgical


8 Decarburized layer 2/batch Different steel bars
method)

9 Grain size 1 /batch Any steel bar GB/T 6394

10 Nonmetallic inclusion 2/batch Different steel bars GB/T 1 0561

11 Microstructure 1 /batch Different steel bars GB/T 1 3298 and GB/T 1 3299

12 End quench hardenability 1 /batch Any steel bar, GB/T 225 GB/T 225

13 Ultrasonic testing One by one Entire steel bar GB/T 41 62 and GB/T 6402

One by one Visual inspection or GB/T


14 Surface quality Entire steel bar
28300

15 Size and shape One by one Entire steel bar Caliper, micrometer, etc.
a
A group: 2 for U-notch and 3 for V-notch.

8 Inspection Rules

8.1 Inspection and acceptance


8.1.1 The ex-factory inspection and acceptance of steel bars shall be carried out by the
quality and technology supervision department of the Supplier.
8.1.2 The Supplier shall guarantee that the delivered steel bars meet those specified in this
standard or the Contract, and if necessary, the Purchaser is entitled to carry out inspection and
acceptance for any inspection item specified in this standard or the Contract.
8.2 Batching (grouping) rules
Steel bars shall be inspected and accepted according to batches and each batch is
composed of steel bars of same designation, furnace No., processing method, size, delivery
state and heat treatment system (heat No.).
8.3 Sampling quantity and sampling position
Sampling quantity and sampling position of each batch of steel bars shall meet those
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specified in Table 7.
8.4 Reinspection and j udgement rules
8.4.1 The reinspection and j udgment rules of steel bars shall be in accordance with those
specified in GB/T 1 7505.
8.4.2 If the Supplier is able to guarantee that the steel bars are qualified, as for the
inspection results on macrostructure, mechanical performance and nonmetallic inclusions of
steel bars or steel billets of the same furnace No., it is allowed to use blank as materials and
use the large as the small.
8.4.3 The test result of steel bars shall be rounded off to the number with digits consistent
with that of specified value by rounding-off value comparison method, and the rounding off
rules shall meet those specified in Chapter 3 of GB/T 81 70-2008.

9 Packaging, Marking and Quality Certificate


The packaging, marking and quality certificate of steel bars shall meet those specified in
GB/T 21 01 .

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