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Subject Test Electrical Machines

Electrical Machines

Answer Keys and Explanations

1. [Ans. B]
(Transformer B has more weight than A)
Since, both are connected to the same bus bar so both will have same voltage, ‘V’ applied
V , so flux is also constant in both transformers
ow, , filux density
rea of come
onstant
Area of transformer A come is less than that of B. So weight of transformer B is more than A.

2. [Ans. C]

3. [Ans. *] Range: 0.955 to 0.965


umber of slots per pole per phase g’ 3
ith 3 phase, number of slots per pole g3 3 Slot pitch elec
For phase spread double layer winding, distribution factor is given by

k sin

4. [Ans. *] Range 600 to 600


For convenience let the slope of the linear portion of OCC=m.
m is directly proportional to the speed of the rotor. Operating as a shunt generator, m must be
greater than or equal to the filed circuit resistance for buildup, the quality giving the critical
speed at 1500 RPM, m=250 (given)
or m , Speed

5. [Ans. D]
Method 1:
Supply voltage V V
Primary turns
Secondary turns
Secondary voltage V V V

Method 2:
V
per turn V
And secondary voltage V per turn secondary turns V

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Subject Test Electrical Machines

6. [Ans. *] Range 210 to 212


Main winding impedance, ( j3 ) or 3 3
Main winding current, lags behind the applied V by 39.43
Auxiliary winding impedance, ( j3 )
Since, time phase angle between auxiliary winding current is , so auxiliary winding
current must lead the applied voltage by( 3 3 )or .
If is the capacitive reactance of the capacitor connected in series with the auxiliary winding,
then impedance of the auxiliary winding will be given as
( j3 j c)or [ j(3 )]ohm
For auxiliary winding,
3
tan
3 tan 3 tan( )
3 3 3
apaitance,
f 3

7. [Ans. D]

r
or maximum torque, s
x
s
s
ie, s s
s
s
also,
s s
at s ,
s s s s
s ( )s ( )
s

8. [Ans. *] Range 141 t0 143


( )

( )

V
V
V

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Subject Test Electrical Machines

( ) a
√3
( ) 3 3 a
( ) x ( )
( ) 3 3 a

9. [Ans. *] Range 15to 16


f
rpm
f
s 3 or 3
f
( s) ( 3) rpm
rad s
Shaft power output
3 3 k

10. [Ans. A]
f

, rpm

s pu
s
otor copper loss echanical power developed
s
3 ( )
3 3

3 3

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