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Office of Director Dam

419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

DESIGN OF ABUTMENT

Name of project : Ex 5.15, Varsney vol II

DESIGN DATA : Units

1 Foundation level 291.75 M

2 Junction level of the abutment with concrete 294.70 M

3 Seating Level 305.50 M

4 Roadway level and top of abutment 307.50 M

5 D/S Slope Level 306.00 M

6 Pond level 303.00 M

7 U/S Slope (H/V) 1/12

8 D/S Slope (H/V) 0.63

9 Width at Seating 1.25 M

10 Top width of abutment 1.00 M

11 Foundation concrete offsets U/S 1.70 M


D/S 0.50 M

12 Braking force 2.00 t

13 Surcharge Intensity 0.584 Ton/Sq m

14 Vertical reaction of bridge,gates,operating platform etc. 15.00 t/m

15 Angle of internal friction ( f ) 30.00 Degree

16 Unit weight of Masonry 1.90 Ton/Cu m

17 Unit weight of dry earth 1.60 Ton/Cu m

18 Unit weight of wet earth 1.75 Ton/Cu m

19 Unit weight of saturated earth 2.00 Ton/Cu m

20 Unit weight of foundation concrete 2.25 Ton/Cu m

21 Bearing Capacity of soil 30.00 Ton/Sq m

22 Coeff of friction between concrete and masonry 0.65

23 Max. allowable compressive stress in masonry 100.00 Ton/Sq m

24 Max. allowable tensile stress in masonry 10.00 Ton/Sq m

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 1


Office of Director Dam
419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

ABUTMENT SECTION AT JUNCTION LEVEL

L.L. SURCHARGE @ 0.584 t/m2


10
### 1.00 L.L. SURCHARGE
R.L. 307.50

5 15 t R.L. 306.00
R.L. 305.50 2 t
8
17 7

12
R.L. 303.00

9 16

1 2 3 4
1 2 13

1
14 15
R.L. 294.70
0.90 1.25 1.00 7.10

EARTH PRESSURE DIAGRAM


10.25

11
8.3

UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM


UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 2


Office of Director Dam
419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

(i) Checking the stability of abutment section at the junction level i.e.at R.L. 294.70
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL FORCES

S.No. Item Description Forces (t) Lever arm Moments in t-m


Vertical Horizontal (m) VM HM
(A) Vertical forces

1 Self weight of Abutment


1 1/2 X 10.80 X 0.90 X 1.90 9.234 0.600 5.540
2 10.80 X 1.25 X 1.90 25.650 1.525 39.116
3 12.80 X 1.00 X 1.90 24.320 2.650 64.448
4 1/2 X 11.30 X 7.10 X 1.90 76.216 5.517 420.454

2 Load due to bridge,gates etc.


5 1.00 X 15.00 15.000 1.525 22.875

3 Vertical weight due to earth retained on backfill


6 7.10 X 1.50 X 1.75 18.637 6.700 124.866
7 5.21 X 3.00 X 1.75 27.378 7.642 209.233
8 1/2 X 1.88 X 3.00 X 1.75 4.948 4.407 21.803
9 1/2 X 5.21 X 8.30 X 2.00 43.284 8.511 368.408

4 Vertical load due to surcharge


10 7.10 X 0.584 4.146 6.700 27.780

5 Uplift Pressure
11 1/2 X 8.30 X 10.250 X 1.00 -42.537 6.833 -290.661

(B) Horizontal forces

1 Wet earth pressure


12 1/2 X 0.33 X 1.75 X 20.25 5.906 9.800 57.881
13 0.33 X 1.75 X 4.50 X 8.30 21.788 4.150 90.418

2 Saturated earth pressure


14 1/2 X 0.33 X 1.00 X 68.89 11.482 2.767 31.766
15 1/2 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 68.89 34.445 2.767 95.298

3 Live load surcharge


16 0.584 X 12.80 7.475 6.400 47.841

4 Braking force
17 2.000 10.80 21.600
SV= SH= S VM = S HM =
Total =
206.276 83.096 1013.863 344.804

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 3


Office of Director Dam
419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

Net stabilizing moments = S VM - S HM


SM= ### - 344.804
SM= 669.058
SM 669.058
b = 10.25 , X = -------- ----------- = 3.244
SV 206.2765
e = b/2 - X
= 1.881
Vertical stresses at Heel = SV/b(1-6e/b) = -2.039 t/m2 < 10.00 t/m2
safe
Vertical stresses at Toe = SV/b(1+6e/b) = 42.289 t/m2 < 100.00 t/m2
safe
SH 83.096
Sliding factor = = = 0.403 < 0.65
SV 206.276
Hence safe
Factor of safety in overturning

S VM 1013.86
= SH = = 2.94 > 1.5
M 344.804
Hence safe

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 4


Office of Director Dam
419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

ABUTMENT SECTION AT FOUNDATION LEVEL

L.L. SURCHARGE @ 0.584 t/m2


13
### 1.00 L.L. SURCHARGE
R.L. 307.50

6 15.00 R.L. 306.00


10
R.L. 305.50 2.00
9
20 8

R.L. 303.00 15

11 19
12

1 2 3 4
16
1 2
1
17 18
R.L. 294.70

2.95 5

1.70 0.90 1.25 1.00 7.10 0.50 EARTH PRESSURE DIAGRAM

12.45

14
11.25

UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM UPLIFT PRESSURE DIAGRAM

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 5


Office of Director Dam
419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

(i) Checking the stability of abutment section at foundation level i.e.at R.L. 291.75
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL FORCES

S.No. Item Description Forces (t) Lever arm Moments in t-m


Vertical Horizontal (m) VM HM
(A) Vertical forces

1 Self weight of Abutment


1 1/2 X 10.80 X 0.90 X 1.90 9.234 2.300 21.238
2 10.80 X 1.25 X 1.90 25.650 3.225 82.721
3 12.80 X 1.00 X 1.90 24.320 4.350 105.792
4 1/2 X 11.30 X 7.10 X 1.90 76.216 7.217 550.022
2 Foundation concrete
5 12.45 X 2.95 X 2.25 82.635 6.225 514.397
3 Load due to bridge,gates etc.
6 1.00 X 15.00 15.00 3.225 48.375

4 Vertical weight due to earth retained on backfill


7 7.10 X 1.50 X 1.75 18.637 8.400 156.548
8 5.21 X 3.00 X 1.75 27.378 9.342 255.776
9 1/2 X 1.88 X 3.00 X 1.75 4.948 6.107 30.215
10 4.50 X 0.50 X 1.75 3.938 12.20 48.037
11 1/2 X 5.21 X 8.30 X 2.00 43.284 10.211 441.990
12 8.30 X 0.50 X 2.00 8.300 12.20 101.258

5 Vertical load due to surcharge


13 7.60 X 0.584 4.438 8.400 37.281

6 Uplift Pressure
14 1/2 X 11.25 X 12.450 X 1.00 -70.030 8.300 -581.240

(B) Horizontal forces

1 Wet earth pressure


15 1/2 X 0.33 X 1.75 X 20.25 5.906 12.750 75.305
16 0.33 X 1.75 X 4.50 X 11.25 29.531 5.625 166.113

2 Saturated earth pressure


17 1/2 X 0.33 X 1.00 X 126.56 21.094 3.750 79.102
18 1/2 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 126.56 63.281 3.750 237.305

3 Live load surcharge


19 0.584 X 15.75 9.198 7.875 72.434

4 Braking force
20 2.000 13.75 27.500
SV= SH= S VM = S HM =
Total =
273.948 131.011 1812.411 657.758

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 6


Office of Director Dam
419879318.xls
I.D.R.,Jaipur

Net stabilizing moments = S VM - S HM


SM= 1812.411 - 657.758
SM= 1154.653
SM 1154.653
b = 12.45 , X = -------- ----------- = 4.215
SV 273.948

e = b/2 - X
= 2.010

Vertical stresses at Heel = SV/b(1-6e/b) = 0.689 t/m2 < 100.00 t/m2


safe
Vertical stresses at Toe = SV/b(1+6e/b) = 43.320 t/m2 < 100.00 t/m2
safe
SH 131.011
Sliding factor = = = 0.478 < 0.65
SV 273.948
Hence safe
Factor of safety in overturning

S VM 1812.41
= = = 2.76 > 1.5
S HM 657.758
Hence safe

******************** ********************

Program by- Sunil K Goyal 7