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ANALYSIS OF STANDARDIZED PRECIPITATION INDEX (SPI)

PARAMETER FROM CHIRPS DATA FOR DROUGHT


DETECTION
Khalifah Insan Nur Rahmi*, Indah Prasasti, Jalu Tejo Nugroho

Remote Sensing Application Center, LAPAN

khalifah.insan@lapan.go.id

ABSTRACT

Drought is nature phenomena which usually occurs during dry season in Indonesia and lead to dead plant,
crop failure, and forest fire to the land. SPI is one of drought indices that can be used to detect drought
using its parameter i.e. averages precipitation from minimum 10 years data, standard deviation, and actual
monthly precipitation. SPI parameter were extracted from CHIRPS global monthly data from CHG that
focused on Indonesia region in June and July 2018. Data processing method are cropping data, calculation
of averages precipitation, calculation of standard deviation, estimation of SPI, and classification of
drought based on SPI. Average precipitation from CHIRPS data in Indonesia shows that in June to July
2008-2017 area from Java, Bali, Nusa Tenggara to South Papua have lowest precipitation (0-100 mm).
While in actual precipitation data 2018, there are some area that have deficit precipitation from averages
which classified into drought area. Severe drought (-2.0 ≤ SPI < -1.5) were spotted in some area of Papua
and Kalimantan in June 2018 while in July 2018 were found in some part of Sumatera. Mild drought (-1.0
≤ SPI < 0) cover mostly in Java, Bali, and Nusa Tenggara, then partly cover Sumatera, Kalimantan,
Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua.

Keywords: SPI, drought, CHIRPS, precipitation, Indonesia