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Americas

5200 1995 2005 2016


The setting
Population, total (mln) 782.0 889.2 1 006.8
Rural population, total (mln) 198.8 196.0 192.8
Govt expenditure on ag (% total outlays)
Area harvested, crops (mln ha) 242.1 262.4 298.1
Cropping intensity ratio 0.6 0.7 0.7
Internal renew. water resources per cap (m3) 22 851 19 618
Land area equipped for irrigation (1000 ha) 46 052 49 606 52 248
Agric. area actually irrigated (% agric. area)
Employment in agriculture (%) 14.7 12.2 9.4
Employment in agriculture, female (%) 8.7 7.3 4.8
Fertilizers use, Nitrogen (1000 t nutrients) 18 628.0 24 296.9
Fertilizers use, Phosphate (1000 t nutrients) 9 536.1 12 742.3
Fertilizers use, Potash (1000 t nutrients) 9 335.8 12 293.1
Agr value added per worker (constant US$) 5 908 8 396
Hunger dimensions
Average dietary energy supply (kcal/cap/day) 3 208 3 265
Average dietary energy supply adequacy (%)
Dietary energy supp, cereals/roots/tubers (%)
Prevalence of undernourishment (%) 5.8 3.9
Prevalence of severe food insecurity (%)
GDP per capita (US$, PPP) 21 481 25 934 28 296
Cereal import dependency ratio (%)
Stunting, children under 5 (%)
Wasting, children under 5 (%)
Safely managed drinking water (% pop using)
Food supply
Food production value, net, (2004-06 mln I$) 341 451 441 044 560 367
Agriculture, value added (% GDP) 2 2 2
Food (excl. fish) exports (mln US$) 81 112 125 115 285 318
Food (excl. fish) imports (mln US$) 44 509 81 569 166 752
Production indices (2004-06=100)
Food 77 100 127
Crops 76 100 131
Cereals 79 101 131
Vegetable oils 64 102 158
Roots and tubers 92 98 99
Fruit and vegetables 83 99 113
Sugar 79 96 150
Livestock 79 100 114
Milk 83 100 118
Meat 78 100 112
Fish 107 102 73
Net trade (mln US$)
Cereals and preparations 13 992 8 750 17 987
Fruit and vegetables 5 743 5 911 17 537
Meat and meat preparations 6 273 11 404 22 585
Dairy products (milk equivalent) -1 675 -1 605 -1 227
Fish 3 365 1 612 68
Environment
Forest area (% total land area) 43 42 41
Agricultural area (% of total land area) 31 31 32
Freshwater withdrawal (% int renewable) 4.0
Terrestrial protect areas (% total land area) 18
Organic area (ha)
Wood pellet prod. (thousand tonnes) 9 491
Emissions in agriculture (CO2 eq. Gg) 1 153 583 1 274 291 1 346 226
Net emissions in land use (CO2 eq. Gg) 1 291 933 1 726 680 810 489