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Adding and Subtracting Similar Fractions

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You are on page 1of 6

Bacolor, Pampanga

I. Objectives

b. Perform addition and subtraction similar fractions correctly.

c. Show patience while learning the skills.

Topic: Adding and Subtracting Similar Fractions

References: Mathematics Teacher’s Guide IV and Internet

Materials: Visual Aids and Flash cards

III. Procedure

Teacher’s Activity Pupil’s Activity

A. Preparatory Activities `

1. Prayer

“Please pick up the pieces of paper under your (picking up the pieces of paper under the chairs)

chair”

2. Checking of Attendance

3. Drill

fractions. All you need to do is to guest if it is

similar or dissimilar fractions. Is it clear?”

5 1 Similar Dissimilar

1.

9 3

4 2 4 2 5 1

2. 2. 1.

3 3 3 3 9 3

2 1 3 1 3 1

3. 3. 4.

3 5 4 4 4 4

3 1

4. 11 8 1 6

4 4 6. 5.

1 6 5 5 8 7

5.

8 7 3 1 7 3

11 8 8. 7.

6. 7 7 12 9

5 5

7 3

7.

12 9

3 1

8.

7 7

“Very good!”

4. Energizer

this song is Solve It (Sorry).”

cause all you have to-do is find the equal whole.

Find the equal whole and then add the top

(numerators).

Yeah I know all that I have to do and it won’t be to

hard to add the two.

Solve it! (2x)”

(The pupils sings the song with action)

(The teacher sings the song with action)

B. Motivation

“Class, do you love to eat chocolates?”

“Who wants to eat a chocolate?” “Yes teacher!”

“I have here a big bar of chocolate slices into sixths. “We’d love to, teacher”

5

(Give the to the two pupils)

6

2

So I have given to your classmates of the chocolate

6

3

and another to your classmates . What part of the 5

6 given

6

chocolate have I given in all and how much is left?”

1

“Yes Very Good! I sliced the chocolate into six equal left

6

6

parts so we get or 1 of course and I gave to your two

6

2 3 5

classmates. So + we get and the parts that is

6 6 6

1

left for me is .”

6

topic for today?”

“Adding and Subtracting Similar Fractions”

“Exactly class!”

C. Presentation/Discussion

“Today, we will be discussing how to add and subtract

similar fractions.”

simply add the numerators and write the sum over the

same denominator.”

“For example,

1 2 1+2 3

1. + = =

4 4 4 4

6 1 6+1 7

2. + = =

8 8 8 8

“How about these examples who can solve it?” (Raising their hands)

5 4 5 4 5+4 9

3. + = 3. + = =

16 16 16 16 16 16

1 1 1 1 1+1 2

4. + = 4. + = =

5 5 5 5 5 5

3 2

5. + = 3 2 3+2 5

6 6 5. + = =

6 6 6 6

“Very good!”

2

“Another example, Dulce ate of the cake in the

5

1

morning and in the afternoon. How much cake was

5

eaten by her?”

“So we are going to add the given fractions to answer

what is asked in the problem. As what is stated in the

rule, we simply add the numerators and write the sum

over the same denominator in adding similar fractions.

So, we simply add 2 and 1 which is equal to 3 and

write it over the same denominator which is 5.

3

And the answer is .”

5

“Did you get it?”

“Yes teacher”

“To subtract fractions with similar denominators, we

simply subtract the numerators and write the

difference over the same denominator.”

“For example,

7 4 7−4 3

1. – = =

8 8 8 8

5 4 5−4 1

2. – = =

6 6 6 6

“How about these examples who can solve it?” (Raising their hands)

4 1

3. – = 4 1 4−1 3

5 5 3. – = =

10 3 5 5 5 5

4. – = 10 3 10−3 7

12 12

4. – = =

7 2 12 12 12 12

5. – = 7 2 7−2 5

8 8

5. – = =

8 8 8 8

“Very good!”

7

“For example, A water tank was full of water. After

8

2

a day of use, it was full. How much water was used

8

during the day?

“To find the amount of water that was used during the

3 7

day, we are going to subtract from . So simply

8 8

subtract the numerators 7–2 is equal to 4 and write it

over the same denominator which is 8 and then we get

5

.”

8

“From this time class, I want you to solve here in the

board.” (Raising their hands)

3 2 7 3 5 4

1. + 5. – 1. 5.

12 12 9 9 12 9

2 2 10 3 4 7

2. + 6. – 2. 6.

5 5 16 16 5 16

8 1 3 2 1 1

3. + 7. – 3. 7.

14 14 7 7 14 7

5 3 4 1 8 3

4. + 8. – 4. 8.

11 11 10 10 11 10

D. Generalization

“Now let us see if you really understand our lesson”

“To add similar fraction, simply add the numerator

then copy the denominator.”

“Very good!”

(Raising their hands)

“To subtract similar fraction, simply subtract the

“Very good!” numerator then copy the denominator.”

E. Application

“For your group activities, I will divide you into 5

groups and I will distribute to each group the activity

all you have to do is to color the sum and difference of

the shaded portion and write the fraction

representation for each.”

and say the group number and one representative to

interpret your answer.”

IV. Evaluation

Find the sum or difference.

4 2

1. +

7 7

2 1

2. +

4 4

8 3

3. –

9 9

1 3

4. –

5 5

7 4

5. –

8 8

V. Assignment

Solve each problem.

5 2

1. John ate of his pizza and Paul ate of

10 10

his pizza. How much pizza did they eat

altogether?

1

2. Jenny made yema cake. She ate of the

9

3

yema cake and gave of the yema cake to

9

her brother. What fraction of the yema cake

was left?

Prepared by:

Ocampo, Mariel G.

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