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Sheet1

Calculation of the Gaseous Emissions

1) Determination of the exhaust gas flow

Conc(wet) = Kw · conc(dry)

When applying Gexhw or Vexhw, the measured concentration, if not already mesured on
a wet basis, shall be converted to a wet basis according to the following formulae.

* g/kWh --------------------------> ppm (dry)

1) Nox emission

Nox(g/kWh) x Power(kW)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------=
KHDIES X GEXHW(kg/h) x 0.001587 x kwr

2) CO emission

CO(g/kWh) x Power(kW)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------=
GEXHW(kg/h) x 0.000966 x kwr

3) O2 emission

O2(g/kWh) x Power(kW)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------=
GEXHW(kg/h) x 11.05 x 1000 x kwr

4) SOx emission

SOx(g/kWh) x Power(kW) x 1000


----------------------------------------------------------------------------=
GEXHW(kg/h) x 0.002064 x kwr

5) PM

Nox(g/kWh) x Power(kW)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------=
VEXHD(nM3/H) X kwr X 1000

Where, P : Power
KHDIES : Humidity correction factor fr Nox, according to formula
GEXHW : Exhaust gas mass flow on wet basis
VEXHD : Exhanust gas volume flow on dry basis under S.T.P
kwr : Dry to wet correction factor, according to formula.

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Sheet1

For the raw exhaust gas


Gfuel
Kw,r = [1- Ffh x -------------------] - Kw2
Gaird

1.608 x Ha
Kw2 = ---------------------------------------
1000 - (1.608 - H)

6.220 x Ra x Pa
Ha = -------------------------------------
Ps - Pa x Ra x 10 e(-2)

Where, Ha,Hd : g water per kg dry air


Ra : relative humidity of the intake air , %
Pa : saturation vapour pressure of the intake air, kPa
Ps : total barometric pressure, kPa

Alternatively
1
Kw,r = ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- - Kw2
1+ Hrat x 0.005 x (%CO(dry) + % CO2(dry))

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P1 = 101.3 kPa barometic pressure(total pressure)


T1 = 25.0 ℃ air dry bulb temp.
= 298.0 K
Ps1 = 3.1410 Kpa saturation vapor pressure of intake air
φ1 = 50.0 % Relative humidity
Pv1 = φ1 x Ps1 partial pressure for vapor
= 1.5705 kPa
Pa1 = P1 - Pv1 partial pressure for dry air
= 99.73 Kpa
ω1 = 0.622 x Pv1/(P1-Pv1) absolute humidity
= 9.794964 g(w)/kg(a)

c14= 6.54
c15= 14.53
c16= 0.74
c17= 0.09
c18= 0.46
A= ln(pv1) 0.45
Td = 13.8 ℃ dew point temperature

P1 = 101.3 kPa barometic pressure(total pressure)


T1 = 35.0 ℃ air dry bulb temp.
= 308.2 K
Ps1 = 5.6278 Kpa saturation vapor pressure
φ1 = 85.0 % Relative humidity
Pv1 = φ1 x Ps1 partial pressure for vapor
= 4.7836 kPa
Pa1 = P1 - Pv1 partial pressure for dry air
= 96.52 Kpa
ω1 = 0.622 x Pv1/(P1-Pv1) absolute humidity
= 0.030828 Kg(w)/Kg(a)

c14= 6.54
c15= 14.53
c16= 0.74
c17= 0.09
c18= 0.46
A= ln(pv1) 1.57
Td = 32.1 ℃ dew point temperature

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Sheet3

*) S.T.P conditions

Volume = 22.4 L
Temp. = 0℃
Atmospheric press.= 1013 mbar
= 1.01 bar

*) 건공기의 조성 S.T.P conditions


Composition N2 O2 Ar
Vol(%) 78.10 20.93 0.93
Wt(%) 75.54 23.14 1.29

*) 기체 밀도의 보정
Atmospheric press.= 1013 mbar
= 1 bar 750.2 mmHg
Temp. = 35 ℃

M 273 P
Ri = ------------- x (-----------------) x (--------)
22.4 Nm3 273 + t 760

= 1.13 kg/m3

공기의 평균 분자량 M= 32x(0.21)+28 x(0.79)


= 29 kg
*) 공기의 밀도
29
0 ℃, 1 atm ------------ = 1.3 kg/Nm3
22.4

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Sheet3

CO2 Ne He
0.03 0 0
0.05 0 0

(mmHg)

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