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  [Mid 2 - $ (    d. V(x)>0 for all non zero values of X in ñ,       
ACS] d. -Ve semidefinite
"!!) !)0- + &
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ñ        $      ñ0   $     
        !       & a. Finite
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% $  &  #! a. +Ve definite
0. Two
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d. Four
a. Does leave S(İ) as t 0 0. Indefinite
ñ[ ( ! & 
b. d. Semi definite
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ññ    $  
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0.
3 &  b. UInstable
0. Does leave S(İ) as t Į $ $
d. a. Fun0tion is +Ve definite
d. Marginally stable
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d. Does leave S(İ) as t 0 ñr   $  $ 
0. Fun0tion is Semi definite
Ô $ $ (!)ñÔ!Ô r -#+     ++ ++  $  6
  d. Fun0tion is Indefinite
a. Indefinite  6) 44 !(   
a. uniformaly unstable ñÔ   $ (!)43
b. definite b. Q = - ATP is -Ve definite
b. non uniformly stable
0. Semidefinite  5 0. Q = PA is definite
0. uniformaly Asymptoti0 stable
 (     d. Q = -APT is +Ve definite
   a. -XQX, where Q = (ATP+PA)
ñ.         
* $ $ ("!   63  6) 44 !
    .   - +  77777  
       0. XTQX, where Q = -(ATP+PA)
a. -V(x) is -Ve definite a. One
d. QX where Q = PA
 ("!    b. Two
a. , į < 0 ñ*       
0. V(x) is +Ve definite "!!) !)0- +   $  !
 &  777777 d. more
 #/0  
d. V(x) is ñå      
a. Two
 $ $ ("! +( +
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a. positive definite $  a. (0, 1)
b. -Ve definite
d. d. Five b. (0, 2)
å $ $ ("! 
0. +Ve definite ñ   $   3 0. (0, 5)
      & -1+  
 (      00!
a. V(x) <, V(0) = 0 a. Zero input
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b. Non zero input  
, $ $ ("!) 
b. $       a. S(į)
a. +Ve Semi definite $ 
b. į
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b. Indefinite -1+(0!)0 d. Non zero input vibratory initial 0onditions
0. İ 0. İ b. į   $  &
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a. İ
a. Semi definite  $ $
a. Instable
b. t0
 &     b. Ve0tor fun0tion
b. Stable
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0. Indefinite 0. Algeberai0 fun0tion
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d. S(İ)
d. Positive definite d. Quadrati0 fun0tion
d. Indefinite
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b. finite a. Translational system
b. Out of S(į) 0. Ve0tor fun0tion
0. 0 b. Rotational system
0. Within S(İ)  $ & $
d. t = to 0. Me0hani0al system
d. Out of S(İ) 0   &   
Ô.   &  #!$   ( 
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Ô* #!$   $ % $ &  &3 777777
*   $   
      ! a. Potential Energy
&77777    $
 7777 a. S(İ)   $ &
a. Negative
a. > į b. į 0. Potential & Keneti0 energy
b. Non zero
b. < į 0. İ d. No energy
$ 4
$ #  #! ñ $ $ (!)* ñÔ Ô!Ô
d. Semi
Ôå    & 
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  7777 &   $ 
d. į  $7777 b. Positive definite
3$  
Ô  !$   $  $  & 0. Negative definite
a. small
b. Instable d. Negative Semi definite
 7777  &
0. Stable Ô    &
0. į
a. > İ $ &  
d. Asymptoti0 stable
d. İ   &  $ 
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0. İ
a. within S(į) b. APT+PA = Q
a. Stable
 3  &  ! 0. AP + ATP=Q
  8  b. Unstable
0. without leaving S(į) d. AP+PA = -Q
Ô,  $ &  &   ! 3 $ $
d. with leaving S(İ) *    &
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  $ *ñ  $ $ (! 
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a. į  &$  7777
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$  $    "4      $ $   
96
0. Positive definite  d. Indire0t method of lyapvnov
d. Negative matrix
d. Semi definite ,      $ ,å   $ $
  $    "-4+   &    " & 2 777777777777
å $ $ (!)ÔÔÔ ñÔ
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b. Semi definite  )c"!44c"!
b. energy
a. 0. Positive definite b. F = JT (x) P
0. half system energy
 (!)4 d. Negative definite 0. F= PJ(x)
d. 3/4 of system energy
,0 $ $ (!  d. F = JT (x) P + PTJ ( mathop x limits)
[0 $ 3 &  
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0. ,, $ 3 &  $ 9$ $  
a. Positive values   3  5
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d.  4   &   -1+ a. Lyapunov indire0t method
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d. Positive definite 0. Gradient method
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0. V(X, t) > V(X) for all t to    $29
a. 0ontrollable
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b. observable
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b. Gibson
0. Positive Semi definite a.
0. Kravisokii 
d. Negative definite b. n/2
d. Lyapunov b. U = [B:AB]
r $ $ (! 
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"+4+: 3   $
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    777777777777
0. U = [A B]
a. Semi definite         
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d. U = [B ABT]
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b. Kravosskii  
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a. st0ady state behaviour [. ;      r*     3       
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     0. Gibson
  777777
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  $  5 a. 0hanged
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a. 0ontrollable, not observable b. un0hanged       $ "
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0. not 0ontrollable
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d. observable not 0ontrollable
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[å   & $:
r  2 +$     $
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!     77777777
       d. feedba0k path
a. not 0ontrollable a. steady state respone
b. not to improve stability .0      
 $             3 
0. not to improve transient 777777777
0. observable 0. dynami0 response
d. improve dynami0 behaviour
d. not observable d. stable response a. Y = AX
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a. Kravasokii
a. single output system
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b. multiple input systems
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0. multiple output system     $  
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d. not 0ontrollable rñ  $ $  $$ $
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b. Estimator
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a. stable behaviour (t) - y(t)
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0. input  !)! !
b. not observable a. One
    
0. 0ontrollable b. Two
r. 3      (t) = (t) ± y(t)
d. not 0ontrollable
0.
$
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d. Three a. Kravasokii
d. (t) = X(t) - (t)
.*   $      &   " a. Z = C12 X1 år       $
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b. Z = C22 X1
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a. RHS 0. Z = BU   5
a. (t) = A (t) b. On Imaginal  ) Ôñ ñ
b. X(t) = AX +BU $   å*  $$ $  3 $  a.
d. On 0entre :!)Ô:ñ:Ô 
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77777
b. 0hoi0e of k1
d. (t) = M (t) a. Real value 0. proper sele0tion of k2
0.
.          ; %&    $$ :ñ :Ô
 $ 0. Complex value d.
å  " = ! $  
d. Real & distin0t      $ &  å. 3       
     5
a. x(t) = (t)- X(t) .å      & "
+
+ &      a. Stable a. LC filter
   
b. Unstable b. LC parallel filter
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a. Vibration $ $ $   
     d. Instability d. RC filter
0. y(t) = (t) -X(t)
0. Noise å,   $      åå   $     $
d. mathop x limits. (t) = AX+BU
d. Parameter variation $    &     :    !77
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      !
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a. Observable b. Input 'X' is not required
b. to the state X(t)
b. Not observable    $ $ +<+  
0. to the estimate state Y(t)
0. Not 0ontrollable b. Controllable d. Output 'Y' is not required
d. to the state Y(t)
 ;  0. Observable å[      
ñ00   $     
.[         d. Prin0iple of superposition
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0 a. q input a. a. Observer
b. mathop X limits. = AX + BU  ++     
0. mathop X limits. =X (0) 0. P input   0. Redu0ed order observer
d. mathop X limits. = AX + BU d. P output d. Output noise
åÔ   $      0.
.r         $  "  777777
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d. b
ñ0ñ   A)"!     $   a. ƩJ = J(x*)<0
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d. 0ontrol law b. ƩJ = J(x*) 0
77
ñ0[  $    0. df(x x) 0
a. relative maximum  7777777777777
0. ƩJ = J (x) 0 d. d f(x, Ʃx) >0
2

b. lo0al minimum
a. Control fun0tion ññr  $ +c+
0. relative minimum   5
    Ac)c"!c" ! B

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0. Control law ññÔ  $ ++  $  
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ñ0Ô   A)"!
d. Closed loop form ++     $  b. Minimization
77777777
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"B! 0 ++77777
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77 d. Variation
$  7777
b. Homogeneity
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a. Open loop form $ 9 &  &  $ $ +"+ 
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d. Non additivity
b. x D
$ $ 3 ññ*     $ 77 a. Minimum number
d. Closed loop form 7777777 b. Parameters
0. x D
ñ0. ;$   $ a. 0omplex number $   $ 
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     d. Cal0ulum of variation
d. x D a. Chemistry 0. 0omplex 0onjugate ññå    $ 
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d. odd number
$  $ 
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ñ0å  $   0. Number
b. Optimal 0ontrol
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d. S 0ol ars
0. Control law 77777
b. Real Number
ñÔ0  $ +c+3 1
d. Traje0tory form  4 & 0. Complex Number    "B!  
ñ0 ;$   b. Additive d. Boundary values
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77&  $  0. Homogenity ññ,   $  & 
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777777
d. Superposition    7777777
a. Maximize
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b. Minimize
 $   7777777777    "!
b. f(q) = Įf (q)
$
"2  2

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d. Optimize
b. Minimization of positive b. x(t) N
d. f(Į q)  Įf(q)
ñ0,  $$  
      0. Maximize of negative ññ[   $ $  
$  3:&  d. Maximize of positive     $ ++   0. X(t)
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ñññ   $   $  d. X(t) İ M
a. feed ba0k c5 a. df(x,Ʃx)=0
ñ*0  $   
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77777
a. Lagrangine equation
a. Control Histories
    0. J(x) = 0.
 ;   9 $  
0. Tra0king problem
0. Initial Conditions
d. Control problem  c"!) d.
d. Fun0tionals
ñÔÔ    "   ñÔ[   $ 7777 ñ*,  & &    
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a. X*(to) =Xo a.
a. x (t) = 0os (t)
*

b. f(q +q ) f(q + f(q b. X(to) = Xo
b. x*(t) = tan (t)
0. X(to)=Xf b.
$ " !) !
B
$   !) 
d. x*(t) = 0ot (t)
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ñ*Ô  % $%  &" !
d. f (Į q)  Į f(q)
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b. Non linear fun0tion a. Linear fun0tion
a.  + + +"+& 
0. Quadrati0 fun0tion     $

d. Euler fun0tion 0. Quadrati0 fun0tion


 a. J(x)= J(x+ )
d. Euler fun0tion
ñÔ        b. Ʃ J(x, įx) = Jx
$$ "B 
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0. $ Ac"#"!)c"#"!c"!
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d. ñ*r    & &   
a. Linear fun0tion
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a.     $
ñ**    "!
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0. Quadrati0 fun0tion $  5 c"!)
b. d. Euler fun0tion   !)B!)
B

ñÔå       b. X(to) = Xo, X*(tf)= Xf  


0. for all admissible     "  $ 
0. X*(to)= Xo, X(tf)=Xf
   & 777777777
d. X(to)=Xo
 )    &  $
ñ*  "     
ñÔ,  $  $    b. Double fun0tion $ $  "B! b.
7777777 0. Euler fun0tion " 2 c"!  "  

d. Quadrati0 fun0tion
a. J(x) = 
d. U(t)=K(t)X(t) ñ[  & $  d. X(t)=AX+BO
$  $  5
0. ñÔ   $   " ñ,ñ 77777777777 
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&5 a. Kravosiki   &% $ "2 
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b. Cribson
a. Euler prin0iple
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d.  4 & 
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b. ñr  $    
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77777777 0. ñ,Ô      
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a. Optimal 0ontrol
a.   $: &
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b. Feed forward
0. Augmented fun0tional ñ*    $ 
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d. Energy     $   777
777777 d. Change inputs
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a.
"  $  77
7777777 d.
b. ñ.    $   a.
   777777777
a. J(z)=
$ a. Control Systems 
b. Optimal Control Systems
b. J(y)=
d. 0. Continuous time system 0.
 $    
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d. J(x)=    777777777 7777
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ñ0     77777777777
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0. Cribson 0. SISO
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d. Kravoskii d. Continuous time systems
b. U was bounded 0. Fuel problem
ñ, 3 
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0. NJ was unbounded  $ 5 d. Minimm time problem
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d. NJ was bounded a. Jordan
ñ,,  $ $ 77777
a. X=A(t)X(t) 777777
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0. Euler  !) !!=!!
a. U (t)=K(t)Y(t)
* b. S0olars
d. Gibson
b. U (t)=X(t)
* 0. Ve0tors
0. (f)= B(t)U(t)
$  !) !!
B    $ 
ñ,[     
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b. S0alar a. a.
 
0. b. 
b. t1
0. (t1 - to )
d. Ve0tor $ 0.
d. t2
ñ[Ô $   
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d. d.
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a. Tra0king problem a. Minimizes  2 77777777777     5
b. Control problem b. Maximizes
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0. Energy problem $
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b. J = t2 - t1 
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0. J = t2
ñ,. c  4:3 77 ñ[*     
777777777 d. J = to - tf b.
ñ[. $ 3 & 
a. Energy problem     $ 
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&   
b. Control problem
0.
a. Ele0tri0 heater
$
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b. Heat Ex0hanger
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$
 
ñ,å   $$  0. Undetermined ñr*   &  $  
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a. Fuel problem ñ[     & 
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d. Tra0king a. r(t) = 0
a. Rate of thrust ñ[,  % $ B
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0. Square thrust a. Optimal 0ontrol b.
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d. Square of fuel 0onsumption  % $
b. Optimal traje0tory
0. Minimum 0ontrol
0. Minimum 0ontrol
ñ[ñ $    777 d. Maxmum 0ontrol  !)0
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b. Dynami0s of 0ontroller b. Maximum time $ $
a. 0. Dynami0s of whole system 0. Zero time d. Car
d. Stati0s of plant d. Infinite time
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d. b. Admissible 0ontrol
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d. Square of fuel 0onsumpton ñå*    2  
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a. J = t0-t1 $  %  &  
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a. Admissible traje0tory
a. State ve0tor
b. Control law
b. S0alar values 0. 
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d. Optimal 0ontrol
d. State variables d. b.
ñ.,  
  4  
ñ.0 $     % $     ñ.å  "   
   3$ $      0  $ &   5 0.
     7777777777
a. Train
  $  
  b. Bus d.
ñå
     ñ a. Mini time problem

   
  $   3  777
0. Minimum energy problem
7777777
d. Tra0king problem
a. Instantaneous error
Ô00 $ 3 &3 
b. Integral square error    &  5
$      
a. Tra0king problem
d. Square error
b. Energy problem
ñå, $ 3 &3
$  
&4 
  "   &5
d. Fuel problem
a. Minimm time problem

b. Tra0king problem
0. Fuel problem

  & 
ñå[   Ô!
      
"  7777777777

a. Power
  &
0. Workdone
d. Tra0king problem
ñår $ 3 & 
 $ $ 3  $: 
  $ $5

a. Minimum Time Problem


b. Tra0king problem
$
   
d. Minimum Energy problem
ñå.    $  
%  &   7777
777777

a. Energy
b. Mass
0. Fuel
    

ñåå    $   " 


$   7777777777