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grouped frequency table.

Marks 1–10 11–20 21–30 31–40 41–50 51–60 61–70 71–80 81–90 91–100

Number of

candidates 15 50 100 170 260 220 90 45 30 20

(a) Copy and complete the following table, which presents the above data as a cumulative

frequency distribution.

(3)

Mark ≤ 10 ≤ 20 ≤ 30 ≤ 40 ≤ 50 ≤ 60 ≤ 70 ≤ 80 ≤ 90 ≤ 100

Number of

15 65 905

candidates

(b) Draw a cumulative frequency graph of the distribution, using a scale of 1 cm for 100

candidates on the vertical axis and 1 cm for 10 marks on the horizontal axis.

(5)

(2)

(ii) Candidates who scored less than 35 were required to retake the examination.

How many candidates had to retake?

(3)

Find the mark above which a distinction was awarded.

(3)

(Total 16 marks)

2. At a conference of 100 mathematicians there are 72 men and 28 women. The men have a mean

height of 1.79 m and the women have a mean height of 1.62 m. Find the mean height of the 100

mathematicians.

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

1

25

∑x i

3. The mean of the population x1, x2, ........ , x25 is m. Given that i =1 = 300 and

25

∑ ( x – m)

i

2

i =1 = 625, find

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

4. A supermarket records the amount of money d spent by customers in their store during a busy

period. The results are as follows:

Number of 24 16 22 40 18 10 4

customers (n)

(a) Find an estimate for the mean amount of money spent by the customers, giving your

answer to the nearest dollar ($).

(2)

(b) Copy and complete the following cumulative frequency table and use it to draw a

cumulative frequency graph. Use a scale of 2 cm to represent $ 20 on the horizontal axis,

and 2 cm to represent 20 customers on the vertical axis.

(5)

Money in $ (d) <20 <40 <60 <80 < 100 < 120 < 140

Number of customers (n) 24 40

2

(c) The time t (minutes), spent by customers in the store may be represented by the equation

t = 2d + 3.

3

(i) Use this equation and your answer to part (a) to estimate the mean time in minutes

spent by customers in the store.

(3)

(ii) Use the equation and the cumulative frequency graph to estimate the number of

customers who spent more than 37 minutes in the store.

(5)

(Total 15 marks)

Score 10 20 30 40 50

Number of competitors 1 2 5 k 3

with this score

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

3

6. A survey is carried out to find the waiting times for 100 customers at a supermarket.

(seconds) customers

0–30 5

30– 60 15

60– 90 33

90 –120 21

120–150 11

150–180 7

180–210 5

210–240 3

(a) Calculate an estimate for the mean of the waiting times, by using an appropriate

approximation to represent each interval.

(2)

(1)

(c) Use the cumulative frequency table to draw, on graph paper, a cumulative frequency

graph, using a scale of 1 cm per 20 seconds waiting time for the horizontal axis and 1 cm

per 10 customers for the vertical axis.

(4)

(d) Use the cumulative frequency graph to find estimates for the median and the lower

and upper quartiles.

(3)

(Total 10 marks)

7. The following diagram represents the lengths, in cm, of 80 plants grown in a laboratory.

2 0

1 5

f r e q u e n c y

1 0

0

0 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 05 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 9 0 1 0 0

l e n g t h ( c m )

4

(a) How many plants have lengths in cm between

(2)

(b) Calculate estimates for the mean and the standard deviation of the lengths of the plants.

(4)

(c) Explain what feature of the diagram suggests that the median is different from the mean.

(1)

length in cm cumulative

less than frequency

. .

50 22

60 32

70 48

80 62

. .

Use the information in the table to estimate the median. Give your answer to two

significant figures.

(3)

(Total 10 marks)

5

8. Given the following frequency distribution, ﬁnd

Number (x) 1 2 3 4 5 6

Frequency (f) 5 9 16 18 20 7

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

peanuts.

Weight (W) 80 < W ≤ 85 85 < W ≤ 90 90 < W ≤ 95

100 105 110 115

Number of

5 10 15 26 13 7 4

packets

(a) Use the midpoint of each interval to ﬁnd an estimate for the standard deviation of the

weights.

(3)

(b) Copy and complete the following cumulative frequency table for the above data.

W≤ W≤ W≤ W≤ W

Weight (W) W ≤ 105 W ≤ 115

85 90 95 100 ≤ 110

Number of

5 15 80

packets

(1)

6

(c) A cumulative frequency graph of the distribution is shown below, with a scale 2 cm for 10

packets on the vertical axis and 2 cm for 5 grams on the horizontal axis.

8 0

7 0

6 0

5 0

N u m b e r

o f

p a c k e t s

4 0

3 0

2 0

1 0

8 0 8 5 9 0 9 5 1 0 0 1 0 5 1 1 0 1 1 5

W e i g h t ( g r a m s )

(4)

(d) Let W , W , ..., W be the individual weights of the packets, and let W be their mean.

1 2 80

What is the value of the sum

(2)

7

(e) One of the 80 packets is selected at random. Given that its weight satisﬁes

85 < W ≤ 110 , ﬁnd the probability that its weight is greater than 100 grams.

(4)

(Total 14 marks)

–1

10. The speeds in km h of cars passing a point on a highway are recorded in the following table.

v ≤ 60 0

60 < v ≤ 70 7

70 < v ≤ 80 25

80 < v ≤ 90 63

90 < v ≤ 100 70

100 < v ≤ 110 71

110 < v ≤ 120 39

120 < v ≤ 130 20

130 < v ≤ 140 5

v > 140 0

(2)

(b) The following table gives some of the cumulative frequencies for the information above.

v ≤ 60 0

v ≤ 70 7

v ≤ 80 32

v ≤ 90 95

v ≤ 100 a

v ≤ 110 236

v ≤ 120 b

v ≤ 130 295

v ≤ 140 300

–1

information. Use a scale of 1 cm for 10 km h on the horizontal axis and a scale of

1 cm for 20 cars on the vertical axis.

(5)

8

(c) Use your graph to determine

(4)

(Total 11 marks)

11. From January to September, the mean number of car accidents per month was 630. From

October to December, the mean was 810 accidents per month.

What was the mean number of car accidents per month for the whole year?

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

9

12. A taxi company has 200 taxi cabs. The cumulative frequency curve below shows the fares in

dollars ($) taken by the cabs on a particular morning.

2 0 0

1 8 0

1 6 0

1 4 0

1 2 0

N um ber of cabs

1 0 0

8 0

6 0

4 0

2 0

1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0

F a r e s ( $ )

(ii) the number of cabs in which the fare taken is $35 or less.

(2)

10

The company charges 55 cents per kilometre for distance travelled. There are no other charges.

Use the curve to answer the following.

(b) On that morning, 40% of the cabs travel less than a km. Find the value of a.

(4)

(c) What percentage of the cabs travel more than 90 km on that morning?

(4)

(Total 10 marks)

13. Three positive integers a, b, and c, where a < b < c, are such that their median is 11, their mean

is 9 and their range is 10. Find the value of a.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

14. In a suburb of a large city, 100 houses were sold in a three-month period. The following

cumulative frequency table shows the distribution of selling prices (in thousands of dollars).

($ 1000)

Total number 12 58 87 94 100

of houses

represent $ 50000 on the horizontal axis and 1 cm to represent 5 houses on the vertical

axis.

(4)

(3)

11

The information above is represented in the following frequency distribution.

Selling price P

($ 1000) 0 < P ≤ 100 100 < P ≤ 200 200 < P ≤ 300 300 < P ≤ 400 400 < P ≤ 500

Number of

12 46 29 a b

houses

(2)

(d) Use mid-interval values to calculate an estimate for the mean selling price.

(2)

(e) Houses which sell for more than $ 350 000 are described as De Luxe.

(i) Use your graph to estimate the number of De Luxe houses sold.

Give your answer to the nearest integer.

(ii) Two De Luxe houses are selected at random. Find the probability

that both have a selling price of more than $ 400 000.

(4)

(Total 15 marks)

12

15. The number of hours of sleep of 21 students are shown in the frequency table below

4 2

5 5

6 4

7 3

8 4

10 2

12 1

Find

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) …………………………………………..

(c) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

13

16. A student measured the diameters of 80 snail shells. His results are shown in the following

cumulative frequency graph. The lower quartile (LQ) is 14 mm and is marked clearly on the

graph.

9 0

8 0

7 0

C u m u la tiv e fre q u e n c y

6 0

5 0

4 0

3 0

2 0

1 0

0

0 5 1 0 1 5 2 0 2 5 3 0 3 5 4 0 4 5

L Q = 1 4

D i a m e t e r ( m m )

(a) On the graph, mark clearly in the same way and write down the value of

Working:

Answer:

(b) …………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

14

17. The cumulative frequency curve below shows the marks obtained in an examination by a group

of 200 students.

2 0 0

1 9 0

1 8 0

1 7 0

1 6 0

1 5 0

1 0 4

N u m e r b

o f 1 3 0

s t u d e n t s

1 2 0

1 1 0

1 0 0

9 0

8 0

7 0

6 0

5 0

4 0

3 0

2 0

1 0

0

1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 9 0 1 0 0

M a r k o b t a i n e d

15

(a) Use the cumulative frequency curve to complete the frequency table below.

Number of

22 20

students

(b) Forty percent of the students fail. Find the pass mark.

Working:

Answer:

(b) …………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

10 3

18. When the expression (2 + ax) is expanded, the coefficient of the term in x is 414 720. Find the

value of a.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

16

19. The cumulative frequency curve below shows the heights of 120 basketball players in

centimetres.

1 2 0

1 1 0

1 0 0

9 0

8 0

7 0

6 0

N u m b e r o f p l a y e r s

5 0

4 0

3 0

2 0

1 0

0

1 6 01 6 51 7 01 7 51 8 01 8 51 9 01 9 52 0 0

H e i g h t i n c e n t i m e t r e s

17

Use the curve to estimate

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) …………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

The range of these four numbers is 8.

The mean of these four numbers is 8.

Working:

Answers:

a = ............................., b = .............................

c = ............................., d = .............................

(Total 6 marks)

18

21. A test marked out of 100 is written by 800 students. The cumulative frequency graph for the

marks is given below.

8 0 0

7 0 0

6 0 0

N u m b e r

o f 5 0 0

c a n d i d a t e s

4 0 0

3 0 0

2 0 0

1 0 0

1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 9 0 1 0 0

M a r k

19

(a) Write down the number of students who scored 40 marks or less on the test.

(b) The middle 50 % of test results lie between marks a and b, where a < b. Find a and b.

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

22. The 45 students in a class each recorded the number of whole minutes, x, spent doing

experiments on Monday. The results are ∑ x = 2230.

(a) Find the mean number of minutes the students spent doing experiments on Monday.

20

Two new students joined the class and reported that they spent 37 minutes and 30 minutes

respectively.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

21

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