You are on page 1of 7

®

CA3162
April 2002 A/D Converters for 3-Digit Display

Features Description
• Dual Slope A/D Conversion The CA3162E and CA3162AE are I2L monolithic A/D
• Multiplexed BCD Display converters that provide a 3 digit multiplexed BCD output.
They are used with the CA3161E BCD-to-Seven-Segment
• Ultra Stable Internal Band Gap Voltage Reference Decoder/Driver and a minimum of external parts to imple-
• Capable of Reading 99mV Below Ground with Single ment a complete 3-digit display. The CA3162AE is identical
Supply to the CA3162E except for an extended operating tempera-
• Differential Input ture range.

• Internal Timing - No External Clock Required The CA3161E is described in the Display Drivers section of
this data book.
• Choice of Low Speed (4Hz) or High Speed (96Hz)
Conversion Rate
Ordering Information
• “Hold” Inhibits Conversion but Maintains Delay
• Overrange Indication TEMP. PKG.
- “EEE” for Reading Greater than +999mV, “-” for PART NUMBER RANGE ( oC) PACKAGE NO.
Reading More Negative than -99mV When Used
CA3162E 0 to 70 16 Ld PDIP E16.3
With CA3161E

Pinout
CA3162 (PDIP)
TOP VIEW

21 1 16 23
BCD BCD
OUTPUTS OUTPUTS
20 2 15 22

NSD 3 14 V+
DIGIT
SELECT MSD 4 13 GAIN ADJ
OUTPUTS INTEGRATING
LSD 5 12
CAP
HOLD/
6 11 HIGH INPUT
BYPASS
GND 7 10 LOW INPUT

ZERO ADJ 8 9 ZERO ADJ

CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
FN1080.3
Copyright © Intersil Americas Inc. 2002. All Rights Reserved
1
CA3162

Functional Block Diagram

V+ V+
BCD OUTPUTS
ZERO
INTEGRATING
ADJ
CAP 21 20 22 23 V+

8 9 12 1 2 15 16 14

3
CONTROL LOGIC DIGIT DIGIT SELECT
COUNTERS AND MULTIPLEX 4
DRIVE OUTPUTS †
5
4 = MSD

THRESHOLD 5 = LSD
HIGH INPUT 11 V/I DET.
3 = NSD

LOW INPUT 10 CONVERTER ÷2048 ÷96

REFERENCE HOLD/
BAND GAP CONVERSION
CURRENT OSC BYPASS 6
REFERENCE CONTROL
GENERATOR GATES

13 7 GND
† MSD = MOST SIGNIFICANT DIGIT
NSD = NEXT SIGNIFICANT DIGIT
LSD = LEAST SIGNIFICANT DIGIT

GAIN
ADJ

2
CA3162

Absolute Maximum Ratings Thermal Information


DC Supply Voltage (Between Pins 7 and 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +7V Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1) θJA (oC/W)
Input Voltage (Pin 10 or 11 to Ground) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±15V PDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Maximum Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150oC
Operating Conditions Maximum Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . -65oC to 150oC
Maximum Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300oC
Temperature Range
CA3162E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 75oC
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation
of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.

NOTE:
1. θJA is measured with the component mounted on a low effective thermal conductivity test board in free air. See Tech Brief TB379 for
details..

Electrical Specifications TA = 25oC, V+ = 5V, Zero Pot Centered, Gain Pot = 2.4kΩ, Unless Otherwise Specified

PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS

Operating Supply Voltage Range, V+ 4.5 5 5.5 V

Supply Current, I+ 100kΩ to V+ on Pins 3, 4, 5 - - 17 mA

Input Impedance, ZI - 100 - MΩ

Input Bias Current, IIB Pins 10 and 11 - -80 - nA

Unadjusted Zero Offset V11-V10 = 0V, Read Decoded Output -12 - +12 mV

Unadjusted Gain V11-V10 = 900mV, Read Decoded Output 846 - 954 mV

Linearity Notes 1 and 2 -1 - +1 Count

Conversion Rate
Slow Mode Pin 6 = Open or GND - 4 - Hz

Fast Mode Pin 6 = 5V - 96 - Hz

Conversion Control Voltage (Hold Mode) 0.8 1.2 1.6 V


at Pin 6

Common Mode Input Voltage Range, VICR Notes 3, 4 -0.2 - +0.2 V

BCD Sink Current at Pins 1, 2, 15, 16 VBCD ≥ 0.5V, at Logic Zero State 0.4 1.6 - mA

Digit Select Sink Current at Pins 3, 4, 5 VDIGIT Select = 4V at Logic Zero State 1.6 2.5 - mA

Zero Temperature Coefficient VI = 0V, Zero Pot Centered - 10 - µV/oV

Gain Temperature Coefficient VI = 900mV, Gain Pot = 2.4kΩ - 0.005 - %/oC

NOTES:
1. Apply 0V across V11 to V10 . Adjust zero potentiometer to give 000mV reading. Apply 900mV to input and adjust gain potentiometer to
give 900mV reading.
2. Linearity is measured as a difference from a straight line drawn through zero and positive full scale. Limits do not include ±0.5 count bit
digitizing error.
3. For applications where low input pin 10 is not operated at pin 7 potential, a return path of not more than 100kΩ resistance must be provided
for input bias currents.
4. The common mode input voltage above ground cannot exceed +0.2V if the full input signal range of 999mV is required at pin 11. That is,
pin 11 may not operate higher than 1.2V positive with respect to ground or 0.2V negative with respect to ground. If the maximum input
signal is less than 999mV, the common mode input voltage may be raised accordingly.

3
CA3162

Timing Diagram reference constant current source of opposite polarity is


connected. The number of clock counts that elapse before the
charge is restored to its original value is a direct measure of
12 200mV the signal induced current. The restoration is sensed by the
comparator, which in turn latches the counter. The count is
5 (LSD)
500mV then multiplexed to the BCD outputs.
PIN NUMBER

The timing for the CA3162E is supplied by a 786Hz ring


4 (MSD) oscillator, and the input at pin 6 determines the sampling rate.
500mV
A 5V input provides a high speed sampling rate (96Hz), and
grounding or floating pin 6 provides a low speed (4Hz) sam-
3 (NSD) pling rate. When pin 6 is fixed at +1.2V (by placing a 12K
500mV
resistor between pin 6 and the +5V supply) a “hold” feature is
available. While the CA3162E is in the hold mode, sampling
2ms/DIV. continues at 4Hz but the display data are latched to the last
reading prior to the application of the 1.2V. Removal of the
FIGURE 1. HIGH SPEED MODE
1.2V restores continuous display changes. Note, however,
that the sampling rate remains at 4Hz.
Detailed Description Figure 1 shows the timing of sampling and digit select pulses
The Functional Block Diagram of the CA3162E shows the V/I for the high speed mode. Note that the basic A/D conversion
converter and reference current generator, which is the heart process requires approximately 5ms in both modes.
of the system. The V/I converter converts the input voltage The “EEE” or “---” displays indicate that the range of the system
applied between pins 10 and 11 to a current that charges the has been exceeded in the positive or negative direction,
integrating capacitor on pin 12 for a predetermined time inter- respectively. Negative voltages to -99mV are displayed with the
val. At the end of the charging interval, the V/I converter is dis- minus sign in the MSD. The BCD code is 1010 for a negative
connected from the integrating capacitor, and a band gap overrange (---) and 1011 for a positive overrange (EEE).

NOTE 2 +5V
NOTE 1

0.27µF 0.1
µF COMMON POWER
ANODE LED 2N2907, 2N3906
DISPLAYS OR EQUIV.
NORMAL 8 9 12 14 16 MSD NSD LSD
LOW SPEED MODE:
V6 = GROUND OR
OPEN a a a
5 f b f b f b
HOLD: g g g
V6 = 1.2V 6 3
e c e c e c
4 d d d
HIGH SPEED MODE:
V6 = 5V
DIGIT 13
CA3162E DRIVERS CA3161E
12
BCD
OUTPUTS 11

11 16 6 10
HIGH
15 2 9
INPUTS
1 1 15
LOW
10 2 7 14
R1 R2 R3
13 7 8 3 150Ω 150Ω 150Ω
10 CA3162E CA3162E
GAIN kΩ PINS PINS
ADJ 3, 4, 5 1, 2, 15, 16

NOTES: 1kΩ 75Ω


1. The capacitor used here must be a low dielectric absorption type
such as a polyester or polystyrene type. DIGIT BCD SEGMENT
2. This capacitor should be placed as close as possible to the power DRIVER DRIVERS
and ground Pins of the CA3161E.

FIGURE 2. BASIC DIGITAL READOUT SYSTEM USING THE CA3162E AND THE CA3161E

4
CA3162

CA3162E Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Application capacitors and pull-up resistors connected to the MSD, NSD
and LSD outputs are there to shorten the digit drive signal
Figure 3 shows the CA3162E in a typical LCD application.
thereby providing proper timing for the CD4056B latches.
LCDs may be used in favor of LED displays in applications
requiring lower power dissipation, such as battery-operated Inverters G1 and G2 are used as an astable multivibrator to
equipment, or when visibility in high-ambient-light conditions provide the AC drive to the LCD backplane. Inverters G3, G4
is desired. and G5 are the digit-select inverters and require pull-up
resistors to interface the open-collector outputs of the
Multiplexing of LCD digits is not practical, since LCDs must
CA3162E to CMOS logic. The BCD outputs of the CA3162E
be driven by an AC signal and the average voltage across
may be connected directly to the corresponding CD4056B
each segment is zero. Three CD4056B liquid-crystal
inputs (using pull-up resistors). In this arrangement, the
decoder/drivers are therefore used. Each CD4056B contains
CD4056B decodes the negative sign (-) as an “L” and the
an input latch so that the BCD data for each digit may be
positive overload indicator (E) as an “H”.
latched into the decoder using the inverted digit-select out-
puts of the CA3162E as strobes. The circuit as shown in Figure 3 using G7, G8 and G9 will
decode the negative sign (-) as a negative sign (-), and the
The capacitors on the outputs of inverters G3 and G4 filter
positive overload indicator (E) as “H”.
out the decode spikes on the MSD and NSD signals. The

+5V
0.047µF
1 16
G3
0.047µF 6
4 TO MSD
+5V CD4056B OF LCD
2
3
5 7 8
6x
10kΩ
0.27µF
ZERO +5V
MSD 0.047
8 14 12 4 µF
50kΩ NSD 16
3 G4 1
LSD 0.047µF 0.047 6
9 5
23 µF
16 4 TO NSD
CA3162E 22 CD4056B OF LCD
15 2
“HOLD” 21
1 3
20
VIN+ 11 2 5 7 8
VIN- 10 13 7 4x
100kΩ
GAIN +5V
10kΩ G5
1 16
+5V 6
4
CD4056B TO LSD
G7 G9 2 OF LCD
3
G1 - G6: CD4049UB
HEX INVERTER 5 7
G7, G8, G9: CD4023B 8
TRIPLE 3 INPUT NAND GATE
TO LCD
G8 BACKPLANE

15kΩ

100kΩ 0.63µF

FIGURE 3. TYPICAL LCD APPLICATION

5
CA3162

CA3162E Common-Cathode, LED Display Application The additional logic shown within the dotted area of Figure 4
restores the negative sign (-), allowing the display of
Figure 4 shows the CA3162E connected to a CD4511B
negative numbers as low as -99mV. Negative overrange is
decode/driver to operate a common-cathode LED display.
indicated by a negative sign (-) in the MSD position. The rest
Unlike the CA3161E, the CD4511B remains blank for all
of the display is blanked. During a positive overrange, only
BCD codes greater than nine. After 999mV the display
segment b of the MSD is displayed. One inverter from the
blanks rather than displaying EEE, as with the CA3161E.
CD4049B is used to operate the decimal points. By connect-
When displaying negative voltage, the first digit remains
ing the inverter input to either the MSD or NSD line either
blank, instead of (-), and during a negative or positive over-
DP1 or DP2 will be displayed.
range the display blanks.

V+
DP1 100kΩ 22kΩ

1/
DP2 3
1/ CD4049UB CD4049UB
6

CD4012B

1/
3
CD4049UB

1/ CD4049UB
6

V+
1 B V+ 16
CD4511B 1.8kΩ
f 15 HP5082-7433
2 C
1.2kΩ OR EQUIVALENT
3 LT g 14
100kΩ 100kΩ 1.8kΩ
4 BL a 13
1.2kΩ
V+
5 LE/STROBE b 12
1.8kΩ
100kΩ 100kΩ 6 D c 11 12 11 10 9 8 7
1.8kΩ
7 A d 10 f a g b c3
1.8kΩ
8 GND e 9
V+
DP1 DP2
1 B D 16 c1 e d c2 c dP
100 100 100 CA3162E
1 2 3 4 5 6
kΩ kΩ kΩ 2 A C 15

3 NSD V+ 14 V+

4 MSD GAIN 13
0.27µF
10kΩ
5 LSD INT 12
GAIN
6 HOLD HIGH 11

7 GND LOW 10
6 BUFFERS
8 ZERO ZERO 9 (1 CD4050B)
V+
INPUT

50kΩ

FIGURE 4. TYPICAL COMMON-CATHODE LED APPLICATION

6
CA3162

Die Characteristics
DIE DIMENSIONS: PASSIVATION:
101 mils x 124 mils x 20 mils ±1 mil Type: 3% PSG
Thickness: 13kÅ ±2.5kÅ
METALLIZATION:
Type: Al
Thickness: 17.5kÅ ±2.5kÅ

Metallization Mask Layout


CA3162
LOW INPUT

ZERO ADJ

ZERO ADJ

GND
HIGH INPUT

INTEGRATING CAP HOLD/BYPASS

LSD

MSD

GAIN ADJ
21

20
V+

NSD
22

23

All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.

For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com