You are on page 1of 2

The digital information revolution has brought about profound changes in our society.

The many advantages of digital information have also generated new challenges and new opportunities for innovation. This thesis addresses the issues regarding multimedia data authentication under wavelet transform domain. In this context semi-fragile watermarking is used to make images secure and determine the regions where the integrity fails. Watermarking consider the multimedia content as a communication channel transmitting owner information. The proposed approach adhere the verification and also in recovery of the images using selfrecovery technique. The security problems of the traditional previous block based approaches are eliminated. The objective for image authentication is to reject the malicious manipulations and accept content-preserving manipulations; traditional cryptographic signature cannot be applied. In this thesis, we propose a semi-fragile watermarking method which is promising solution that has proved to be useful for such types of authentication. Multiple watermarks are used to focus on both the authenticity and recovery of the image. In this thesis, we propose two watermarks to be embedded in independent wavelet subbands. First watermark (image digest); highly compressed version of the host image, is used to recover the approximation of the image. Second watermark; binary watermark, is used to accurately authenticate the content and determine and classify the manipulations. The first watermark helps the users obtain the estimated image but leave the users to judge the authenticity themselves. The second watermark helps in accurately detecting the alteration, while not ensuring the recovery of estimated image. Thus both watermarks in combination can lead to accurate authentication and recovery. We correlate the second watermark with image coefficients to make it robust against counterfeiting/collage attack. Before embedding we permute the coefficients randomly to enhance the security against local attacks. We involved all subbands while embedding the

watermarks, so there is no exposed area for an attacker to change the content. Semi-fragility shows tolerance of the method against JPEG compression to a fair extent. Tamper detection sensitivity is improved in comparison to existing approaches while keeping the watermarks payload low. Parameterized Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT) is used to reduce the computational complexity. Experimental investigations are performed to evaluate the performance of multiple semi-fragile watermarks and demonstrate that the credibility of the method is better to that of conventional block-based approaches under tamper detection.

Multimedia Data Hiding, Min Wu ^, Princeton University, PhD Thesis, 2001