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COMPUTER ABBREVIATIONS

[Copyright: TECHNOART Co. Ltd.]


References: Magazines: Nikkei Electronics, Nikkei Microdevices, Nikkei Mechanical, etc. News papers: Nikkei Industrial Journal, Dempa Journal White papers: IEEE, IEC, SMPTE, Internet Websites, format specifications, etc. Others: encyclopedias, instruction booklets, catalogues, product spec., etc. ABBREVIATION DERIVATION OF ABBREVIATION 3D DDI 4GL A3D ABI ABS ACSM ADB ADE AIF AOAC APIC APM APNIC ARC ATMS AT-UD AWT BAR BBS bcc BCL BIPS BIS BLOB BML BNF BPR BSDL BTL BTRON C&C CBQ CDA CDB CDC CDDI CDF CDFF CDIF CDL CDP CDRA CDSA CEDR 3 Dimensional Device Driver Interface 4th generation language Aural 3D application binary interface air bearing surface Application Control State Machine Apple Desktop Bus automatic design engineering application integration feature always on/always connected Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller Advanced Power Management Asia Pacific Network Information Center Advanced RISC Computing Automated Traffic Management Systems Unimodem Diagnostics Command Abstract Window Toolkit base address register bulletin board system blind carbon copy bias compensation layer billion instructions per second boot integrity services Binary Large Object Broadcast Markup Language Backup Naur Form business process reengineering Boundary Scan Description Language backplane transceiver logic Business TRON computer and communication class-based queuing Compound Document Architecture Command Description Block Connected Device Configuration copper distributed data interface Channel Definition Format Common Document File Format Common Document Intermediate Format Class Definition Language Concept Description Plan Character Data Representation Architecture Common Data Security Architecture Windows CE Driver Repository

CHS CI CICS CID CIFS CIM CIM CIMOM CINF CLAD CLI CLOS CLP CLUT CML CMM CMM CNR COCOMO CORBA COSE COSS CTRON CTS CTS DAS DBC DBM DC DCD DCE DCF DCL DCLZ DCOM DDC2B DIB DIFS DIPS DMWG DN DNS DOA DOM DOMF DOP DOS DP DPC DPI DPMI DPMS DRC DRDA DRF DRM

cylinder head sector Component Instrumentation Customer Information Control System Compatible ID Common Internet File System computer integrated manufacturing Common Information Model CIM Object Model check (modem) INF tool cell assembler/disassembler Call Level Interface Common Lisp Object System cell loss priority Colour Look-Up Table Caucus Markup Language color matching modules Capability Maturity Model Communication and Networking Riser construction cost model Common Object Request Broker Architecture Common Open Software Environment Common Object Service Specification central-TRON computerized typesetting system Clear To Send dual attachment station Device Bay Controller Dual Bit Map device context Data Carrier Detect Data Communications Equipment Distributed Coordination Function Delay Calculation Language data compression Lempel-Ziv Distributed Component Object Model Display Data Channel Standard, Level 2B Device Independent Bitmap distributed access inter frame space Dendenkousha Information Processing System Data Management Work Group Distinguished Name Domain Name System data oriented approach Distributed Operations Master Distributed Object Management Facility Directory Operational Protocol Disk Operating System data parallelism Deferred Procedure Call dot per inch(dpi) DOS protected mode interface Display Power Management Signaling design rule checker Distributed Relational Database Architecture Data Recovery Field Digital Rights Management (System)

DR-PI DS DSA DSE DSM DSM-CC DSO DSS DSS DSSSL DSU DTC DTD DTE DTM DTP DTR DVMCI DVO DXF EA EAB EAP EASI EBCDIC EBCOT EDA EDD EDF EDI EDID EDIF EDO EDP EEMBC EFS EGA EGA EHCI EHLLAPI EIDE EIO EISA ELF EM EMB EMC EMF EMM ENIAC EOF EPIC EPP E-R ERC ERP

design representation programming interface Directory Service Digital Signature Algorithm Development Software Engineer digital storage media digital storage media-control command Dynamic Shared Object Microsoft Mail Directory Synchronization (dir-sync) Server decision support system Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (ISO/IEC 10179) digital service unit Distributed Transaction Coordinator document type definition data terminal equipment data transfer mechanism desktop publishing Data Terminal Ready digital video media control interface Digital Video Output drawing interchange file extended attributes embedded array block Extensible Authentication Protocol embedded all-in-one system interface extended binary coded decimal interchange code Embedded Block Coding with Optimized Truncation electronic design automation Enhanced Disk Drive earliest deadline first electronic data interchange Extended Display Identification Data electronic design interchange format extended data out electronic data processing EDN Embedded Microprocessor Benchmark Consortium Encrypting File System Extended Color Graphics Array Enhanced Graphics Adapter Enhanced Host Controller Interface extended high level language application programming interface Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics Extended I/O extended industry standard architecture Extended Link Format electronic mail Extended Memory Block electro magnetic compatibility Extended metafile Entitlement Management Messages Electronic Numerical integrator And Calculator end of file Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing Enhanced Parallel Port entity-relationship electrical rule checking Error Recovery Procedure

ES ESA ESA ESC/P ESCD ESCON ESDI ESIOP ESS ETK EUC EUC EUI-64 EVC EWS ExCA FACS FAPI FAT FBAPI FCA FC-AL FCB FC-EP FCP FCP FC-PH FCS FCSI FD FDC FDD FDDI FDIV FDL FDO FE FEAPI FFOL FHN FiDO FIM FIQ FLP FMV FMV FNA FNO FoIP FORTRAN FP FPA FPU FR FRS FSB

expert system extended service area Enterprise Systems Architecture Epson Standard Code for Printer Extended System Configuration Data enterprise systems connection enhanced small device interface environment-specific inter-ORB protocol extended service set Embedded Toolkit Extended UNIX Code end-user computing Extended Unique Identifier Enhanced Video Connector engineering workstation Exchangeable Card Architecture Firmware ACPI Control Structure Fingerprint Aware Application Program Interface file allocation table Fingerprint Basic Aware Application Program Interface Fibre Channel Association Fibre Channel Arbitrated Loop file control block Fibre Channel Extended Physical Fibre Channel Protocol function control protocol Fibre Channel Physical frame check sequence Fibre Channel Systems Initiative floppy disc Floppy Disk Drive Controller floppy disc drive Fiber Distributed Data Interface Floating (point) Divide Facility Data Link Functional Device Object Framing Error Fingerprint Extended Aware Application Program Interface FDDI Follow on LAN Fiber HUB Node Filter Device Object Function Component Interface Module Fast Interrupt reQuest fast link pulse Full Motion Video fair market value Fujitsu Network Architecture Foreign Namespace Object FAX over Internet Protocol formula translator function point function point analysis floating-point processing unit frame relay File Replication Service Front Side Bus

FSD FSF FSRTL FTAM FTC FTP FTS FTTB FTTC GART GCP GDA GDI GDT GFC GIDEI GIF GINA GKS GMR GNU GNU GPC GPIB GPIO GPL GSS-API GTF GVIF H/W HA HAA HAMR HCI HCL HDA HDC HDCG HDD HDL HDLC HDT HEC HEL HFS HID HIPPI HLLAPI HMA HMI HPC HPCCI HPF HPFS HRTF HSFS

File System Driver free software foundation File System Run Time Library File Transfer, Access and Management fault tolerant computer File Transfer Protocol fault tolerant system fiber to the building fiber to the curb Graphic Address Re-mapping Table Global Computation Platform Global Document Annotation Graphical Device Interface Global Descriptor Table Generic Flow Control General Input Device Emulation Interface Graphics Interchange Format Graphical Identification and Authentication Graphical Kernel System giant magnetoresistive general public license GNU's Not Unix, "guh-NEW" Graphics Performance Characterization general purpose interface bus General Purpose I/O GNU Public License Generic Security Service Application Program Interface Generalized Timing Formula Gigabit Video Interface hardware home automation Hitachi Application Architecture Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording Host controller Interface Hardware Compatibility List head disk assembly hard disk controller high definition computer graphics hard disk drive hardware description language High Level Data Link Control procedures Host Digital Terminal Header Error Control hardware emulator layer hierarchical file system Human Interface Device high performance parallel interface high-level language application programming interface high memory area Human Machine Interface high performance computation High-performance Computing and Communications Initiative High Performance Fortran High Performance File System Head Related Transfer Function High-Sierra File System

HSM Hierarchical Storage Management HSSI High-Speed Serial Interface HSTP High Speed Transport Protocol HTPC Home Theater Personal Computers 2 IO Intelligent Input/Output IA-PC Intel Architecture Personal Computer IBIS I/O buffer information specification ICC integrated communication controller ICCCM Inter-Client Communication Conventions Manual ICM Image Color Management ICM Image Compression Manager ICU ISA Configuration Utility IDAPI Integrated Database API IDE integrated device electronics IDL Interface Definition Language IDM Interleaved Device Mode IDT Internet Development Toolbox IDT Interrupt Dispatch Table IE Internet Explorer IF Implements Forum IFC internet foundation class IFS ICOT Free Software IFS instable file system IFSMGR Instable File System Manager IGES Initial Graphics Exchange Specification IHV independent hardware vendor IME Input Method Editor IN intelligent network Indeo Intel Video Technology INN InterNetNews IOOM the Ithaca Object-Oriented Methodology IOS I/O Supervisor IP interface protocol IPC interprocess communication IPD Integrated Program Decoder IPI Intelligent Peripheral Interface IPL Initial Program Load IrLAP infrared link access protocol IrLMP infrared link management protocol IrMC Infrared Mobile Communications IrOBEX Infrared Object Exchange Protocol IRP I/O Request Packet IRQ interrupt request IrTA infrared terminal adapter IrTran-P Infrared Transfer Picture IrWW Infrared Wrist Watch ISA Industry Standard Architecture ISAPI information server API iSCSI Internet SCSI (SCSI over TCP/IP) ISIS Image and Scanner Interface Specification IS-IS Intermediate System to Intermediate System Infra Domain Routing Exchange Protocol ISM Interface Subscriber Module ISO/OSI International Standards Organization Open System Interconnection ISR Interrupt Service Routine IST interrupt service thread

ISV independent software vendor IT information technology ITRON Industrial TRON(The Realtime Operating system Nucleus) IVD LAN integrated voice and data LAN IVV Independent Verification & Validation IX internet exchange IXC Inter Exchange Carrier JAIN Integrated Network APIs for the Java Platform JAM Java administration server JAR Java archive Java VM Java Virtual Machine JCL job control language JCP Java Community Process JFC Java Foundation Classes JIT Just-In-Time JLE Japanese Language Environment JNI Java Native Method Interface JOIS JICST On-line Information System KBM knowledge based machine KCC Knowledge Consistency Checker KDD Knowledge Discovery in Databases KDT keyboard definition table KPA key process area KPS key predistribution system LA laboratory automation LAN local area network LAPM Link Access Protocol, Modem LBA logical block address LBP laser beam printer LCC levelized compiled code LCF Link Control Facility LDAP lightweight directory access protocol LDI LVDS Display Interface LEC LAN emulation clients LECS LAN emulation configuration server LES LAN emulator server LFN long file name LIM Lotus-Intel-Microsoft LIP Loop Initialization Primitive LP laser printer LPC Low Pin Count LPE layout parameter extraction lpi line per inch LPT line printer LSSD level sensitive scan design LSTF least slack time first LU Logical Unit LUN logical unit number LVE Live Video Extensions LVM logical volume manager MA message area MAC media access control MADK Microsoft ActiveX Development Kit MAOS multi application operating system MAPI Messaging Application Programming Interface MAS multiple-address space

MBONE MCA MCA MCD MCGA MCI MCI MCT MCU MDD MDI MDK MDL MESN MF MF MFP MFT MHS MI MIA MIDI MIDP MIF MIF MII MIMD MIPS MIS MMC MMHID MMIO MMU MMX MNLS MNP MOD MOF MOLAP MOM MOOD MP/M MPC MPDU MPI MPIC MPPE MPS MR MRCI MSCDEX MSCS MSDL MSDN MS-DOS MSDU

multicast backbone multi-channel access Micro Channel Architecture Mini Client Driver Multi Color Graphics Array Media Control Interface Multimedia Control Interface Modem Compatibility Test multipoint connection unit multi-valued decision diagram Multiple Document Interface Modem Developers Kit memory descriptor list Media Event Status Notification more fragments (bit) media flexible multi-function peripheral master file table message handling system Management Interface Multivendor Integrated Architecture musical instrument digital interface Mobile Information Device Profiles Management Information File management information format media independent interface multiple instruction stream multiple data stream million instructions per second management information system Microsoft Management Console Multimedia Human Input Device memory-mapped I/O memory management unit multimedia extension Multi National Language Support Microcom Networking Protocol movie on demand Management Object Format multi-dimensional online analytical processing message oriented middleware Methodology for Object Oriented Design multi-programming monitor Multimedia Personal Computer MAC Protocol Data Unit Message Passing Interface Multiprocessor Interrupt Controller Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption MultiProcessor Specification Mixed Reality Microsoft Real-time Compression Interface Microsoft CD-ROM Extensions Microsoft Cluster Server Microsoft Download Library Microsoft Developer Network Microsoft disk operating system MAC Service Data Unit

MSEN MSMQ MSO MTD MTE MTF MTS MTU MTU MUD MUI MULTOS MVEX MVS MVS/ESA NABTS NAPLPS NBDD NBNS NC NC NCB NCP NCRP NCS NCSS NCU NDD NDIS NDPS NDS NDS NEEDS Net PC NetBEUI NETBIOS NFS NGIO NIC NIT NIU NLM NLS NNI NOD NOI NOS NPI NPR NREN nrt NSP NT NT NTDS NTFS

Media Status Event Notification Microsoft Message Queue Server multiple system operator Memory Technology Driver Message Transfer Element Microsoft Tape Format Microsoft Transaction Server maximum transmission unit Maximum Transfer Unit Master User Domain multimedia user interface multiapplication operating system Minimal Video Extension to X Multiple Virtual Storage MVS/Enterprise Systems Architecture North American Basic Teletext System North American Presentation-Level-Protocol Syntax NetBIOS datagram distribution server NetBIOS name server naming context Network Computer network control block Netware Core Protocol Network Computer Reference Specification Network Computing System non-comment source statements network control unit Norton Disk Doctor Network Driver Interface Specification network distributed print system Netware Directory Service Novell Directory Service Nikkei Economic Electronic Databank System network personal computer NetBIOS Extended User Interface Network Basic Input/Outputs System network file system Next Generation Input/Output network interface card Network Information Table Network Interface Unit NetWare loadable module national language support network node interface News on Demand Notice Inquiry Network Operating System Network provider Interface Notice of Proposed Rulemaking National Research and Education Network non-real-time native signal processing New Technology Network Termination Windows NT Directory Service NT File System

NTLM NTP NTS/E NVOD OADG OAK OAM OCMP OCN OCX ODA ODAPI ODB ODBC ODBMS ODI ODS ODSI OEX OFS OGI OHCI OID OLAP OLCP OLE OLTP OMA OMAP OMG-IDL OMG-UNO OMT ONC ONP ONU OOA OOAD OOD OODB OOP OOPS OOPSLA OpenHCI OPK OQL OR ORB ORB ORDB OS OSA OSF OSI OSI OSPM OSR

Windows NT LAN Manager Network Time Protocol Windows NT Server, Enterprise Edition Near Video on Demand Open Architecture Developing Group OEM Adoption Kit operation and maintenance Open Computing environment for MIPS Platform Open Computer Network OLE Custom control Open Document Architecture Open Database Application Programming Interface object-oriented database Open Database Connectivity object(-oriented) database management system Open Datalink Interface operational data store Open Directory Services Interface OLE System Control Object File System Open Graphics Initiative Open Host Controller Interface Object ID on-line analytical processing on-line complex processing Object Linking & Embedding on-line transaction processing Object Management Architecture Open Multimedia Application Platform Object Management Group Interface Definition Language Object Management Group Universal Networked Objects Object Modeling Technique Open Network Computing open network provision optical network unit object-oriented analysis object-oriented analysis and design object-oriented design object-oriented database object-oriented programming object-oriented programming system Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages, and Application Open Host Controller Interface OEM preinstallation kit object query language operations research Operation Request Block Object Request Broker Object-Relational Database operating system Open Scripting Architecture Open Software Foundation Open System Interface Open Systems Interconnection OS-directed Power Management OEM service release

OTG OTS OVI PA PABX PAC PAD PAD PAD PARCOR PA-RISC PAS PC PC PC-DOS PCI PCI PM PCIC PCP PCS PCT PCTE PDA PDC PDC PDC PDEF PDF PDK PDL PDL PDM PDM PDO PDQ PDS PEX PFS PGP PHIGS PIAM PIC PIC PICS PID PID PIF PIM PIO PIP PIT PKT PL/1 PLB PLDA PLI

on the go Object Transaction Service Open Verilog International Precision Architecture private automatic branch exchange Privilege attribute Certificate Program associated data packet assembler/disassembler Problem Analysis Diagram partial auto correlation Precision Architecture-RISC Pre-Boot Authentication Service personal computer packet classifier Personal Computer-Disk Operating System Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI Bus Power Management Specification PC Card I/O Cards Printer Control Protocol physical coding sublayer Private Communication Technology portable common tool environment personal digital assistants primary domain controller Program Delivery Control professional developers conference physical design exchange format Portable Document File Peripheral Developers Kit Process Design Language page description language product data management system Primary Defect Map physical device object parallel data query public domain software PHIGS Extension to X Product Functional Specification pretty good privacy Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System Platform Independent Application Model Personal Intelligent Communicator Programmable Interrupt Controller Platform for internet Content Selection Program ID packet identification program information file Parallel Inference Machine programmed input/output P Internet Protocol Programmable Interrupt Timer Partition Knowledge Table Programming Language one Picture Level Benchmark Private Loop Direct Attach programming language interface

PMA PMC PMD PMD PME PML PNG POI POP POP POPS POSIX POST POWER pp ppm PPP PPTP PRM PS/2 PS2 PSS PSW PVC PVM PVP QBE QCELP QCIF QIC QRSL QTVR QVGA RAD RAID RAW RDA RDB RDBMS RDN RFID RFT:DCA RID RIFF RIMM RIPL RISC RLC RMI RNI ROLAP RPC RPE-LTP RPG RSL RSX

physical medium attachment PCI Mezzanine Card physical medium dependent physical media dependent sublayer Power Management Event Physical Markup Language Portable Network Graphics point of interface point of presence post office protocol peta operations per second portable operating system interface power-on self-test Performance Optimization with Enhanced RISC program parallelism pages per minute Point-to-Point Protocol point-to point tunneling protocol Performance Report Message personal system/2 Play Station 2 Product Support Services Program Status Word permanent virtual circuit Parallel Virtual Machine Packet Video Protocol query by example Qualcomm code excited linear prediction quarter common intermediate format Quarter-inch Cartridge Quad Rambus Signal Level QuickTime VR quarter video graphic array rapid application development Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks read and write remote database access relational database relational database management system Relative distinguished Name Radio Frequency Identification Revisable From Text : Document Content Architecture Relative ID Resource Interchange File Format Rambus Inline Memory Module Remote Initial Program Load reduced instruction set computer Run Length Coding remote method invocation Raw Native Interface Relational online analytical processing remote procedure call Regular Pulse Excitation-Long Term Predictive cording Report Program Generator Rambus Signal Level Intel Realistic Sound eXperience

RT RT RTC RTF RTK RTOS RTS RWS S/PDIF S/W SA SAA SACCH SAF SALT SAM SAP SAR SASI SBC SBC SBE SBP SBS SBS SC SCA SCAM SCD SCI SCID SCM SCP SCP SCSI SCSIFCP SCSL SCT SD SD SDAS SDE SDH SDK SDLC SDP SDR SDU SE SE SECC SECE SES SETP SFF SFN

remote terminal Real-Time real-time clock Rich Text Format real time kinematic Real Time Operating System Request To Send Remote Winsock Sony Philips Digital Interface software Structured Analysis Systems Application Architecture slow associated control channel synthetic antiferromagnet Speech Application Language Tag SCSI-3 Architecture Model secondary audio programming segmentation and reassembly Shugart Associates System Interface surrounded by complement SCSI-3 Block Commands software behavior estimation Serial Bus Protocol Smart Battery Specification Smart Battery Systems Structured Chart single connector attachment for SCSI Disk Drives SCSI Configured Automatically SPARC Compliance Definition scaleable coherent interface Service Channel ID Software Configuration Management Source Compatibility Package Service Control Point small computer system interface SCSI Fibre Channel Protocol Sun Community Source License Software Compatibility Test Structured Design shared disk System Development Architecture & Support facilities Software Development Engineer synchronous digital hierarchy software developer's kit Synchronous Data Link Control session description protocol Sustained Data Rate Service Data Unit system engineer shared everything Single Edge Contact Cartridge secure electronic commerce environment solution exchange standard Stream Environment Transport Protocol Small Form Factor single frequency network

SFS stick-on free slider SFS Shared File System SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language SI Service Information SI system integration SID Subsystem ID SIE Serial Interface Engine SIMD single instruction stream-multiple data stream SIPC Simply Interactive Personal Computer SIR serial infrared interface SIS strategic information system SLCP Software Life-Cycle Processes SLIC subscriber line interface circuit SLIP Serial Line IP S.M.A.R.T. Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology SMB server message block SMBus System Management Bus SMDL Standard Music Description Language SMI system management interrupt SMM system management mode SMS system management server SNA Systems Network Architecture SNA Software Network Architecture SOF start of frame SPA Software Process Assessments SPARC Scalable Processor Architecture SPDL Standard Page Description Language SPEF Standard Parasitic Exchange Format SPF standard parasitic format SPI Serial Peripheral Interface SPICE Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis SPID Service Profile Identifier SPMD single program multiple data stream SPS Shock Protection System SPSR Stored Program Status Register SPX Sequenced Packet Exchange SQL structured query language SRB Stream Request block SRC sample rate converter SRC sampling rate change SSA Serial Storage Architecture SSADM Structured Systems and Design Method SSC Smart Signal Conditioning SSDP Simple Service Discovery Protocol SSI single system image SSL Secure Socket Layer SSP serial storage protocol SSPI Security Support Provider Interface SSTF shortest seek time first SSTV slow scan television STD State Transition Diagram STEP Standard for the Exchange of Product STI Still Image architecture STT Secure Transaction Technology SVC switched virtual connection SVG Scalable Vector Graphics

SVGA SVID SXGA SXVGA TAPI TBI TCL TD-CDMA TDE TDI TE TFTP TIFF TLD TLI TM TMDS TMF TOC TREC TRON TSD TSR TSS TWAIN TwinVQ TXD UAS UBR UCT UDL/I UDP UFS UHCI UI UI UI UIMS ULP UML U-N UNC UNI UP UPC UPF URB URL USB USN UTMI UTOPIA U-U UUCP UVGA VAFC

super video graphics array System Vendor Interface Definition (IDentification) super extended graphic array super extended video graphics array Telephony application programming interface Ten Bit Interface Tool command Language time division-code division multiple access telephone data entry Transport Driver Interface terminal equipment trivial file transfer protocol Tagged Image File Format Top Level Domain Transport Level Interface for UNIX transaction manager Transition Minimized Differential Signaling transaction monitoring facility table of contents Texture and Rendering Engine Compression The Realtime Operating system Nucleus type-specific driver terminate-and-stay-resident time sharing system Technology Without Any Interested Name transform domain weighted interleave vector quantization Transmission Data User Account System unspecified bit rate Universal Coordinate Time unified design language of integrated circuit User Datagram Protocol UNIX file system Universal Host Controller Interface UNIX International User Interface Unit Interval user interface management system upper layer protocol unified modeling language User to Network primitive Universal Naming Convention user network interface Uniprocessor Usage Parameter Control Uni Picture Format USB request block Uniform Resource Locator Universal Serial Bus Update Sequence Number USB2.0 Transceiver Macrocell Interface Universal Test & Operations PHY Interface for ATM User to User primitive UNIX to UNIX Copy Program Ultimate VGA (1024 x 768, 60fps) Vesa Advanced Feature Connector

VAN value added network VB Visual Basic VBA Microsoft Visual Basic Programming System Application Edition VBE VESA BIOS Extension VBX Visual Basic Extension VC virtual channel VC virtual circuit VCCI Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and Electronic Office Machines VCDFSD Virtual CD-ROM File System Driver VCI Virtual Channel Identifier VDD Virtual Device Driver VDD Version Description Document VDIF Video display Information Format VDM Virtual DOS Machine VDM Virtual Device Manager VDMA Virtual DMA VDMAD Virtual DMA Device VDO Video Distribution Office VDP video datagram protocol VDS Virtual DMA Services VDT video display terminal/visual display terminal VESA Video Electronics Standard Association VFS virtual file system VFW Video for Windows VGA Video Graphics Array VHDL VHSIC hardware description language VI VHDL International VIP Video Information Provider VISCA Video System Control Architecture VITAL VHDL Initiative toward ASIC Libraries VL-Bus VESA local bus VLM Very Large Memory VM Virtual Machine VM/CMS Virtual Machine / Conversational Monitor System VM/ESA Virtual Machine/Enterprise Systems Architecture VME versa module European VMS Virtual Memory System VMTP Versatile Message Transaction Protocol VOD video-on-demand VP virtual path VPE Video Port Extension VPI virtual path identifier VpicD virtual programmable interrupt controller device VRML virtual reality modeling language VSAM virtual storage access method VSD Vendor Specific Driver VUDA VESA Unified Graphic Architecture VUMA VESA Unified Memory Architecture VVIDD VESA Video Interface for Digital Display VxD Virtual Device Driver VXI VMEbus extensions for instrumentation WAIS wide area information server WBMP Wireless Bitmap WBS work breakdown structure WBT Windows-Based Terminal

WC WCEfA WD WDCTRL WDI WDL WDM WDMCSA WHIIG WHQL WIA WIA WIDE WIFE WinHEC WINNLS WINS WinSock WIPS WLL WMA WMF WMI WORM WOSA WPS WRAM WRB WS WSH WSP WSS WWDU XCOFF XDR XFN XGA XHTML XIMP XIP XKP XMS XNS XPC XPG XTP Y2K ZAK ZAW ZIP ZM ZTAT ZVP

write combining Windows CE for Automotive working draft Western Digital-Compatible Hard Disk Controller Watchdog input Windows Driver Library Win32 Driver Model WDM Connection and Streaming Architecture Windows Hardware Instrumentation Implementation Guideline Windows Hardware Quality Laboratory Windows Image Acquisition Wearable Internet Appliance Widely Integrated Distributed Environment Windows Intelligent Font Environment Windows Hardware Engineering Conference Windows National Language Support Windows Internet Name Service Windows Sockets 2.0 whetstone instructions per second wireless local loop Windows Media Audio Windows Meta-File Windows Management Instrumentation write once, read many Windows Open System Architecture Windows Printing System Window RAM Web Request Broker workstation Windows Scripting Host WinSock Proxy Windows Sound System Work With Display Units eXtended Common Object File Format external data representation X/Open Federated Naming eXtended Graphics Array eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language X Window System Input Method Protocol eXecute-in-Place Extended Kanji Processing eXtended Memory Specification Xerox Network System extended processing complex X/Open Portability Guide express Transfer Protocol Year 2000 Zero Administration Kit foe Windows NT Workstation Zero Administration Windows Zone Improvement Plan zone marker Zero Turn Around Time Zoomed Video Port

09

/.Slashdot 1GLFirst-Generation Programming Language 1NFFirst Normal Form 10B210BASE-2 10B510BASE-5 10B-F10BASE-F 10B-FB10BASE-FB 10B-FL10BASE-FL 10B-FP10BASE-FP 10B-T10BASE-T 100B-FX100BASE-FX 100B-T100BASE-T 100B-TX100BASE-TX 100BVG100BASE-VG 286Intel 80286 processor 2B1Q2 Binary 1 Quaternary 2GLSecond-Generation Programming Language 2NFSecond Normal Form 3GLThird-Generation Programming Language 3NFThird Normal Form 386Intel 80386 processor 486Intel 80486 processor 4B5BLF4 Byte 5 Byte Local Fiber 4GLFourth-Generation Programming Language 4NFFourth Normal Form 5GLFifth-Generation Programming Language 5NFFifth Normal Form 6NFSixth Normal Form 8B10BLF8 Byte 10 Byte Local Fiber

AATAverage Access Time AAAnti-Aliasing AAAAuthentication Authorization, Accounting AABBAxis Aligned Bounding Box AACAdvanced Audio Coding AALATM Adaptation Layer AALCATM Adaptation Layer Connection AARPAppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol ABCLActor-Based Concurrent Language ABIApplication Binary Interface ABMAsynchronous Balanced Mode

ABRArea Border Router ABRAuto Baud-Rate detection ABRAvailable Bitrate ABRAverage Bitrate ACAcoustic Coupler ACAlternating Current ACDAutomatic Call Distributor ACEAdvanced Computing Environment ACFAdvanced Communications Function ACF NCPAdvanced Communications FunctionNetwork Control Program ACIDAtomicity Consistency Isolation Durability ACKACKnowledgement ACKAmsterdam Compiler Kit ACLAccess Control List ACLActive Current Loop ACMAssociation for Computing Machinery ACMEAutomated Classification of Medical Entities ACPAirline Control Program ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Interface ACRAllowed Cell Rate ACRAttenuation to Crosstalk Ratio ADActive Directory ADAdministrative Domain ADCAnalog-to-Digital Converter ADCApple Display Connector ADBApple Desktop Bus ADCCPAdvanced Data Communications Control Procedures ADOActiveX Data Objects ADSLAsymmetric Digital Subscriber Line ADTAbstract Data Type AEAdaptive Equalizer AESAdvanced Encryption Standard AFAnisotropic Filtering AFPApple Filing Protocol AGPAccelerated Graphics Port AHActive Hub AIArtificial Intelligence AIXAdvanced Interactive eXecutive AjaxAsynchronous JavaScript and XML ALActive Link ALAccess List ALACApple Lossless Audio Codec ALGOLAlgorithmic Language ALSAAdvanced Linux Sound Architecture ALMApplication Life-cycle Management ALUArithmetic and Logical Unit

AMActive Matrix AMAccess Method AMActive Monitor AMAllied Mastercomputer AMAmplitude Modulation AMDAdvanced Micro Devices AMQPAdvanced Message Queuing Protocol AMRAudio Modem Riser ANNArtificial Neural Network ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute ANTAnother Neat Tool AoEATA over Ethernet AOPAspect-Oriented Programming APCIApplication-Layer Protocol Control Information APIApplication Programming Interface APICAdvanced Programmable Interrupt Controller APIPAAutomatic Private IP Addressing APLA Programming Language APRApache Portable Runtime ARCAdaptive Replacement Cache ARCAdvanced RISC Computing ARINAmerican Registry for Internet Numbers ARMAdvanced RISC Machines AROSAROS Research Operating System ARPAddress Resolution Protocol ARPAAddress and Routing Parameter Area ARPAAdvanced Research Projects Agency ARPANETAdvanced Research Projects Agency Network ASAccess Server ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange ASGAbstract Semantic Graph ASICApplication-Specific Integrated Circuit ASIMOAdvanced Step in Innovative Mobility ASLRAddress Space Layout Randomization ASMAlgorithmic State Machine ASMPAsymmetric Multiprocessing ASN.1Abstract Syntax Notation 1 ASPActive Server Pages ASPApplication Service Provider ASRAsynchronous Signal Routine ASTAbstract Syntax Tree ASSPApplication-Specific Standard Product ATAdvanced Technology ATAccess Time ATActive Terminator ATAAdvanced Technology Attachment

ATAGAuthoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines ATAPIAdvanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode AVCAdvanced Video Coding AVIAudio Video Interleaved AWKAho Weinberger Kernighan AWTAbstract Window Toolkit

[edit] B

B2BBusiness-to-Business B2CBusiness-to-Consumer BALBasic Assembly Language BashBourne-again shell BASICBeginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code BBPBaseband Processor BBSBulletin Board System BCDBinary Coded Decimal BCNFBoyceCodd normal form BEEPBlocks Extensible Exchange Protocol BERBit Error Rate BFDBinary File Descriptor BFSBreadth-First Search BGPBorder Gateway Protocol BiDiBi-Directional binbinary BINACBinary Automatic Computer BINDBerkeley Internet Name Domain BIOSBasic Input Output System BJTBipolar Junction Transistor bitbinary digit BlobBinary large object BlogWeb Log BMPBasic Multilingual Plane BNCBayonet Neill-Concelman BOINCBerkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing BOMByte Order Mark BOOTPBootstrap Protocol BPDUBridge Protocol Data Unit BPELBusiness Process Execution Language BPLBroadband over Power Lines bpsbits per second BRRBusiness Readiness Rating BSABusiness Software Alliance BSBBackside Bus BSDBerkeley Software Distribution

BSoDBlue Screen of Death BSSBlock Started by Symbol BTBitTorrent BTBluetooth BTAMBasic Telecommunications Access Method BWBandwidth

[edit] C

CACertificate Authority CADComputer-Aided Design CAEComputer-Aided Engineering CAIDComputer-Aided Industrial Design CAIComputer-Aided Instruction CAMComputer-Aided Manufacturing CAPTCHACompletely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart CAT Computer-Aided Translation CAQComputer-Aided Quality Assurance CASEComputer-Aided Software Engineering ccC Compiler CDCompact Disc CDECommon Desktop Environment CDMACode Division Multiple Access CDNContent Delivery Network CDPContinuous Data Protection CD-RCD-Recordable CD-ROMCD Read-Only Memory CD-RWCD-Rewritable CDSACommon Data Security Architecture CERTComputer Emergency Response Team CESConsumer Electronics Show CFCompact Flash CFDComputational Fluid Dynamics CFGContext-Free Grammar CFGControl Flow Graph CGComputer Graphics CGAColor Graphics Array CGICommon Gateway Interface CGIComputer-Generated Imagery CGTComputational Graph Theory CHAPChallenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol CHSCylinder-Head-Sector CIDRClassless Inter-Domain Routing CIFSCommon Internet Filesystem CIMCommon Information Model

CISCComplex Instruction Set Computer CJKChinese, Japanese, and Korean CJKVChinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese CLICommand Line Interface CLRCommon Language Runtime CMConfiguration Management CMContent Management CMMICapability Maturity Model Integration CMOSComplementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor CMSContent Management System CNCanonical Name CNCommon Name CNCComputer Numerical Control CNRCommunications and Networking Riser COBOLCommon Business-Oriented Language COMComponent Object Model CORBACommon Object Request Broker Architecture COTSCommercial Off-The-Shelf CPACell Processor Architecture CPAConverged Packet Access CPANComprehensive Perl Archive Network CP/MControl Program/Monitor CPRICommon Public Radio Interface CPScharacters per second CPUCentral Processing Unit CRCarriage Return CRANComprehensive R Archive Network CRCCyclic Redundancy Check CRLFCarriage Return Line Feed CRMCustomer Relationship Management CRSComputer Reservations System CRTCathode Ray Tube CRUDCreate, Read, Update and Delete CSCable Select CSComputer Science CSEComputer Science and Engineering CSICommon System Interface CSPCommunicating Sequential Processes CSRFCross-Site Request Forgery CSSCascading Style Sheets CSSContent-Scrambling System CSSClosed Source Software CSSCross-Site Scripting CSVComma-Separated Values CTComputerized Tomography CTANComprehensive TeX Archive Network

CTCPClient-To-Client Protocol CTIComputer Telephony Integration CTLComputational Tree Logic CTMClose To Metal CTSClear To Send CTSSCompatible Time-Sharing System CUACommon User Access CVSConcurrent Versioning System

[edit] D

DACDigital-To-Analog Converter DACDiscretionary Access Control DAOData Access Objects DAODisk-At-Once DAPDirectory Access Protocol DARPADefense Advanced Research Projects Agency DATDigital Audio Tape DBDatabase DBADatabase Administrator DBCSDouble Byte Character Set DBMSDatabase Management System DCCDirect Client-to-Client DCCPDatagram Congestion Control Protocol DCCADebian Common Core Alliance DCLData Control Language DCMIDublin Core Metadata Initiative DCOMDistributed Component Object Model DDDouble Density DDEDynamic Data Exchange DDLData Definition Language DDoSDistributed Denial of Service DDRDouble Data Rate DECDigital Equipment Corporation DESData Encryption Standard devdevelopment DFADeterministic Finite Automaton DFDData Flow Diagram DFSDepth-First Search DFSDistributed File System DGDDworkin's Game Driver DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHTMLDynamic Hypertext Markup Language DIFData Integrity Field DIMMDual Inline Memory Module DINDeutsches Institut fr Normung

DIPDual In-line Package DIVXDigital Video Express DKIMDomain Keys Identified Mail DLDownload DLLDynamic Link Library DLNADigital Living Network Alliance DLPDigital Light Processing DMADirect Memory Access DMCADigital Millennium Copyright Act DMIDirect Media Interface DMLData Manipulation Language DMLDefinitive Media Library DMMLDefinitive Multi Media Library DMRDennis M. Ritchie DNDistinguished Name DNDDrag-and-Drop DNSDomain Name System DOCSISData Over Cable Service Interface Specification DOMDocument Object Model DoSDenial of Service DOSDisk Operating System DPDot Pitch DPCDeferred Procedure Call DPIDeep Packet Inspection DPIDots Per Inch DPMIDOS Protected Mode Interface DPMSDisplay Power Management Signaling DRAMDynamic Random Access Memory DR-DOSDigital Research - Disk Operating System DRIDirect Rendering Infrastructure DRMDigital Rights Management DRMDirect Rendering Manager DSDLDocument Schema Definition Languages DSDMDynamic Systems Development Method DSLDigital Subscriber Line DSLDomain-Specific Language DSLAMDigital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer DSNDatabase Source Name DSNData Set Name DSPDigital Signal Processor DSSSLDocument Style Semantics and Specification Language DTDDocument Type Definition DTEData Terminal Equipment DTPDesktop Publishing DTRData Terminal Ready DVDDigital Versatile Disc

DVDDigital Video Disc DVD-RDVD-Recordable DVD-ROMDVD-Read Only Memory DVD-RWDVD-Rewritable DVIDigital Visual Interface DVRDigital Video Recorder

[edit] E

EAIEnterprise Application Integration EAPExtensible Authentication Protocol EBCDICExtended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code EBMLExtensible Binary Meta Language ECCElliptic Curve Cryptography ECMAEuropean Computer Manufacturers Association ECNExplicit Congestion Notification ECOSEmbedded Configurable Operating System EDAElectronic Design Automation EDIElectronic Data Interchange EDOExtended Data Out EDSACElectronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator EDVACElectronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer EEPROMElectronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory EFFElectronic Frontier Foundation EFIExtensible Firmware Interface EFMEight-to-Fourteen Modulation EGAEnhanced Graphics Array EGPExterior Gateway Protocol eIDelectronic ID card EIDEEnhanced IDE EIGRPEnhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol EISAExtended Industry Standard Architecture ELFExtremely Low Frequency ELFExecutable and Linkable Format ELMELectronic Mail EMACSEditor MACroS EMSExpanded Memory Specification ENIACElectronic Numerical Integrator And Computer EOFEnd of File EOLEnd of Life EOLEnd of Line EOMEnd Of Message EPICExplicitly Parallel Instruction Computing EPROMErasable Programmable Read-Only Memory ERPEnterprise Resource Planning ESCONEnterprise Systems Connection

ESDElectrostatic Discharge ETLExtract, Transform, Load ESREric Steven Raymond EUCExtended Unix Code EULAEnd User License Agreement EXTEXTended file system

[edit] F

FAPFORTRAN Assembly Program FASMFlat ASseMbler FATFile Allocation Table FAQFrequently Asked Questions FBDIMMFully Buffered Dual Inline Memory Module FC-ALFibre Channel Arbitrated Loop FCBFile Control Block FCSFrame Check Sequence FDCFloppy Disk Controller FDSFedora Directory Server FDDFloppy Disk Drive FDDIFiber Distributed Data Interface FDMAFrequency-Division Multiple Access FECForward Error Correction FEMBFront-End Motherboard FETField Effect Transistor FHSFilesystem Hierarchy Standard FICONFIber CONnectivity FIFOFirst In First Out FIPSFederal Information Processing Standards FLFunction Level FLACFree Lossless Audio Codec FLOPSFLoating-Point Operations Per Second FLOSSFree/Libre/Open Source Software FOLDOCFree On-line Dictionary of Computing FOSDEMFree and Open source Software Developers' European Meeting FOSIFormatted Output Specification Instance FOSSFree and Open Source Software FPFunction Programming FPGAField Programmable Gate Array FPSFloating Point Systems FPUFloating Point Unit FRUField Replaceable Unit FSFile System FSBFront Side Bus FSFFree Software Foundation FSMFinite State Machine

FTTCFiber To The Curb FTTHFiber To The Home FTTPFiber To The Premises FTPFile Transfer Protocol FQDNFully Qualified Domain Name FUDFear Uncertainty Doubt FWSFolding White Space FXPFile eXchange Protocol

[edit] G

G11NGlobalization GasGNU Assembler GbGigabit GBGigabyte GCCGNU Compiler Collection GCJGNU Compiler for Java GCRGroup Code Recording GDBGNU Debugger GDIGraphics Device Interface GFDLGNU Free Documentation License GIFGraphics Interchange Format GIGOGarbage In, Garbage Out GIMPGNU Image Manipulation Program GIMPSGreat Internet Mersenne Prime Search GISGeographic Information System GLUTOpenGL Utility Toolkit GMLGeography Markup Language GNOMEGNU Network Object Model Environment GNUGNU's Not Unix GOMSGoals, Operators, Methods, and Selection rules GPASMGNU PIC ASseMbler GPGGNU Privacy Guard GPGPUGeneral-Purpose Computing on Graphics Processing Units GPIBGeneral-Purpose Instrumentation Bus GPLGeneral Public License GPLGeneral-Purpose Language GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service GPTGUID Partition Table GPUGraphics Processing Unit GRUBGrand Unified Boot-Loader GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communications GTK+GIMP Toolkit GUIGraphical User Interface GUIDGlobally Unique IDentifier GWTGoogle Web Toolkit

[edit] H

HALHardware Abstraction Layer HBAHost Bus Adapter HCIHuman Computer Interaction HDHigh Density HDDHard Disk Drive HCLHardware Compatibility List HD DVDHigh Definition DVD HDLHardware Description Language HDMIHigh-Definition Multimedia Interface HFHigh Frequency HHDHybrid Hard Drive HIDHuman Interface Device HIGHuman Interface Guidelines HIRDHurd of Interfaces Representing Depth HLASMHigh Level ASseMbler HMAHigh Memory Area HPHewlett-Packard HPCHigh-Performance Computing HPFSHigh Performance File System HSMHierarchical Storage Management HTHyper Threading HTMHierarchical Temporal Memory HTMLHypertext Markup Language HTTPHypertext Transfer Protocol HTTPdHypertext Transport Protocol Daemon HTXHyperTransport eXpansion HURDHird of Unix-Replacing Daemons HVDHolographic Versatile Disc HzHertz

[edit] I

I2CInter-Integrated Circuit I18NInternationalization IANAInternet Assigned Numbers Authority iBCSIntel Binary Compatibility Standard IBMInternational Business Machines ICIntegrated Circuit ICANNInternet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ICEIn-Circuit Emulator ICEIntrusion Countermeasure Electronics ICMPInternet Control Message Protocol ICPInternet Cache Protocol

ICTInformation and Communication Technology IDEIntegrated Development Environment IDEIntegrated Drive Electronics IDFIntermediate Distribution Frame IDLInterface Definition Language IDSIntrusion Detection System IEInternet Explorer IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IETFInternet Engineering Task Force IFLIntegrated Facility for Linux IGMPInternet Group Management Protocol IGRPInterior Gateway Routing Protocol IHVIndependent Hardware Vendor IIOPInternet Inter-Orb Protocol IISInternet Information Services ILIntermediate Language IMInstant Messaging IMAPInternet Message Access Protocol IMEInput Method Editor INFOSECInformation Systems Security I/OInput/Output IPIntellectual Property IPInternet Protocol IPCInter-Process Communication IPLInitial Program Load IPOInter Procedural Optimization IPPInternet Printing Protocol IPSIntrusion Prevention System IPsecInternet Protocol security IPTVInternet Protocol Television IPXInternetwork Packet Exchange IRCInternet Relay Chat IrDAInfrared Data Association IRPI/O Request Packet IRQInterrupt Request ISInformation Systems ISAIndustry Standard Architecture ISAInstruction Set Architecture ISAMIndexed Sequential Access Method ISCInternet Storm Center iSCSIInternet Small Computer System Interface ISDNIntegrated Services Digital Network ISOInternational Organization for Standardization iSNSInternet Storage Name Service ISPInternet Service Provider

ISPFInteractive System Productivity Facility ISRInterrupt Service Routine ISVIndependent Software Vendor ITInformation Technology ITLInterval Temporal Logic ITUInternational Telecommunication Union

[edit] J

J2EEJava 2 Enterprise Edition J2MEJava 2 Micro Edition J2SEJava 2 Standard Edition JAXBJava Architecture for XML Binding JAX-RPCJava XML for Remote Procedure Calls JAXPJava API for XML Processing JBODJust a Bunch of Disks JCE Java Cryptography Extension JCLJob Control Language JCPJava Community Process JDBCJava Database Connectivity JDKJava Development Kit JESJob Entry Subsystem JDSJava Desktop System JFCJava Foundation Classes JFETJunction Field-Effect Transistor JFSIBM Journaling File System JINIJini Is Not Initials JITJust-In-Time JMXJava Management Extensions JMSJava Message Service JNDIJava Naming and Directory Interface JNIJava Native Interface JNZJump non-zero JPEGJoint Photographic Experts Group JREJava Runtime Environment JSJavaScript JSONJavaScript Object Notation JSPJackson Structured Programming JSPJavaServer Pages JTAGJoint Test Action Group JUGJava Users Group JVMJava Virtual Machine jwzJamie Zawinski

[edit] K

K&RKernighan and Ritchie KBKeyboard KbKilobit KBKilobyte KBKnowledge Base KDEK Desktop Environment kHzKilohertz KMKnowledge Machine KRLKnowledge Representation Language KVMKeyboard, Video, Mouse

[edit] L

L10NLocalization L2TPLayer two Tunneling Protocol LAMPLinux Apache MySQL Perl LAMPLinux Apache MySQL PHP LAMPLinux Apache MySQL Python LANLocal Area Network LBALogical Block Addressing LCDLiquid Crystal Display LCOSLiquid Crystal On Silicon LDAPLightweight Directory Access Protocol LELogical Extents LEDLight-Emitting Diode LFLine Feed LFLow Frequency LFSLinux From Scratch LGPLLesser General Public License LIBLIBrary LIFLow Insertion Force LIFOLast In First Out LILOLinux Loader LISPLISt Processing LKMLLinux Kernel Mailing List LMLan Manager LOCLines of Code LPCLars Pensj C LPILinux Professional Institute LPT Line Print Terminal LSBLeast Significant Bit LSBLinux Standard Base LSILarge-Scale Integration LTLLinear Temporal Logic LTRLeft-to-Right LUGLinux User Group

LUNLogical Unit Number LVLogical Volume LVDLow Voltage Differential LVMLogical Volume Management LZWLempel-Ziv-Welch

[edit] M

MACMandatory Access Control MACMedia Access Control MANMetropolitan Area Network MANETMobile Ad-Hoc Network MAPIMessaging Application Programming Interface MbMegabit MBMegabyte MBCSMulti Byte Character Set MBRMaster Boot Record MCAMicro Channel Architecture MCAMicrosoft Certified Architect MCADMicrosoft Certified Application Developer MCASMicrosoft Certified Application Specialist MCDBAMicrosoft Certified DataBase Administrator MCDSTMicrosoft Certified Desktop Support Technician MCITPMicrosoft Certified Information Technology Professional MCMMicrosoft Certified Master MCPMicrosoft Certified Professional MCPDMicrosoft Certified Professional Developer MCSAMicrosoft Certified Systems Administrator MCSDMicrosoft Certified Solution Developer MCSEMicrosoft Certified Systems Engineer MCTMicrosoft Certified Trainer MCTSMicrosoft Certified Technology Specialist MDAMail Delivery Agent MDAModel-Driven Architecture MDAMonochrome Display Adapter MDFMain Distribution Frame MDIMultiple Document Interface ME[Windows] Millennium Edition MFMedium Frequency MFCMicrosoft Foundation Classes MFMModified Frequency Modulation MGCPMedia Gateway Control Protocol MHzMegahertz MIBManagement Information Base MICRMagnetic Ink Character Recognition MIDIMusical Instrument Digital Interface

MIMDMultiple Instruction, Multiple Data MIMOMultiple-Input Multiple-Output MINIXMIni-uNIX MIPSMillion Instructions Per Second MIPSMicroprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages MISManagement Information Systems MISDMultiple Instruction, Single Data MITMassachusetts Institute of Technology MIMEMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions MMDSMortality Medical Data System MMIMan Machine Interface. MMIOMemory-Mapped I/O MMORPGMassively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game MMUMemory Management Unit MMXMulti-Media Extensions MNGMultiple-image Network Graphics MoBoMotherboard MOMMessage-Oriented Middleware MOOMUD Object Oriented MOSMicrosoft Office Specialist MOSFETMetal-Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor MOTDMessage Of The Day MOUSMicrosoft Office User Specialist MPAAMotion Picture Association of America MPEGMotion Pictures Experts Group MPLMozilla Public License MPLSMultiprotocol Label Switching MPUMicroprocessor Unit MSMemory Stick MSMicrosoft MSBMost Significant Bit MS-DOSMicrosoft DOS MTMachine Translation MTAMail Transfer Agent MTAMicrosoft Technology Associate MTBFMean Time Between Failures MTUMaximum Transmission Unit MSAMail Submission Agent MSDNMicrosoft Developer Network MSIMedium-Scale Integration MSIMicrosoft Installer MUAMail User Agent MUDMulti-User Dungeon MVCModel-View-Controller MVPMost Valuable Professional MVSMultiple Virtual Storage

MXMail exchange MXFMaterial Exchange Format

[edit] N

NACKNegative ACKnowledgement NAKNegative AcKnowledge Character NaNNot a Number NASNetwork-Attached Storage NASMNetwide ASseMbler NATNetwork Address Translation NCPNetWare Core Protocol NCQNative Command Queuing NCSANational Center for Supercomputing Applications NDPSNovell Distributed Print Services NDSNovell Directory Services NEPNetwork Equipment Provider NetBIOSNetwork Basic Input/Output System NEXTNear-End CrossTalk NFANondeterministic Finite Automaton NFSNetwork File System NGLaNGeL NGSCBNext-Generation Secure Computing Base NINational Instruments NICNetwork Interface Controller NIMNo Internal Message NIONew I/O NISTNational Institute of Standards and Technology NLPNatural Language Processing NLSNative Language Support NPNondeterministic Polynomial time NPLNetscape Public License NPUNetwork Processing Unit NSNetscape NSANational Security Agency NSPRNetscape Portable Runtime NMINon-Maskable Interrupt NNTPNetwork News Transfer Protocol NOCNetwork Operations Center NOPNo OPeration NOSNetwork Operating System NPTLNative POSIX Thread Library NSSNovell Storage Service NSSNetwork Security Services NSSName Service Switch NTNew Technology

NTFSNT Filesystem NTLMNT Lan Manager NTPNetwork Time Protocol NUMANon-Uniform Memory Access NURBSNon-Uniform Rational B-Spline NVRNetwork Video Recorder NVRAMNon-Volatile Random Access Memory

[edit] O

OASISOrganization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards OATOperational Acceptance Testing OBSAIOpen Base Station Architecture Initiative ODBCOpen DataBase Connectivity OEMOriginal Equipment Manufacturer OESOpen Enterprise Server OFTCOpen and Free Technology Community OLAPOnline Analytical Processing OLEObject Linking and Embedding OLEDOrganic Light Emitting Diode OLPCOne Laptop per Child OLTPOnline Transaction Processing OMFObject Module Format OMGObject Management Group OOObject-Oriented OOOpenOffice.org OOEOut-of-Order Execution OOMOut Of Memory OOoOpenOffice.org OoOEOut-of-Order Execution OOPObject-Oriented Programming OOTBOut of the box OPMLOutline Processor Markup Language ORBObject Request Broker ORMOject-Relational Mapping OSOpen Source OSOperating System OSCONO'Reilly Open Source CONvention OSDNOpen Source Developer Network OSIOpen Source Initiative OSIOpen Systems Interconnection OSPFOpen Shortest Path First OSSOpen Sound System OSSOpen-Source Software OSSOperations Support System OSTGOpen Source Technology Group

OUIOrganizationally Unique Identifier

[edit] P

P2PPeer-To-Peer PACProgrammable Automation Controller PANPersonal Area Network PAPPassword Authentication Protocol PARCPalo Alto Research Center PATAParallel ATA PCPersonal Computer PCBPrinted Circuit Board PCBProcess Control Block PC DOSPersonal Computer Disk Operating System PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect PCIePCI Express PCLPrinter Command Language PCMCIAPersonal Computer Memory Card International Association PCMPulse-Code Modulation PCREPerl Compatible Regular Expressions PDPublic Domain PDAPersonal Digital Assistant PDFPortable Document Format PDPProgrammed Data Processor PEPhysical Extents PEBKACProblem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair PERLPractical Extraction and Reporting Language PGAPin Grid Array PGOProfile-Guided Optimization PGPPretty Good Privacy PHPPHP: Hypertext Preprocessor PICPeripheral Interface Controller PICProgrammable Interrupt Controller PIDProportional-Integral-Derivative PIDProcess ID PIMPersonal Information Manager PINEProgram for Internet News and Email PIOProgrammed Input/Output PKCSPublic Key Cryptography Standards PKIPublic Key Infrastructure PLCPower Line Communication PLCProgrammable Logic Controller PLDProgrammable Logic Device PL/IProgramming Language One PL/MProgramming Language for Microcomputers PL/PProgramming Language for Prime

PLTPower Line Telecoms PMMPOST Memory Manager PNGPortable Network Graphics PnPPlug-and-Play PoEPower over Ethernet POIDPersistent Object Identifier POPPoint of Presence POP3Post Office Protocol v3 POSIXPortable Operating System Interface POSTPower-On Self Test PPCPowerPC PPIPixels Per Inch PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol PPPoAPPP over ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) PPPoEPPP over Ethernet PPTPPoint-to-Point Tunneling Protocol PRMPartner Relationship Management PSPostScript PSAProfessional Services Automation PS/2Personal System/2 PSUPower Supply Unit PSVIPost-Schema-Validation Infoset PTS-DOSPhysTechSoft - Disk Operating System PVPhysical Volume PVGPhysical Volume Group PVRPersonal Video Recorder PXEPreboot Execution Environment PXIPCI eXtensions for Instrumentation

[edit] Q

QDRQuad Data Rate QAQuality Assurance QFPQuad Flat Package QoSQuality of Service QOTDQuote of the Day QtQuasar Toolkit QTAMQueued Teleprocessing Access Method

[edit] R

RACFResource Access Control Facility RADRapid Application Development RADIUSRemote Authentication Dial In User Service RAIDRedundant Array of Independent Disks

RAIDRedundant Array of Inexpensive Disks RAITRedundant Array of Inexpensive Tapes RAMRandom Access Memory RARPReverse Address Resolution Protocol RASReliability, Availability and Serviceability RASRemote Access Service RRAS Routing and Remote Access Service RCRegion Code RCRelease Candidate RCRun Commands RCSRevision Control System RDBMSRelational DataBase Management System RDFResource Description Framework RDMRelational Data Model RDOSReal-time Disk Operating System RDSRemote Data Services REFALREcursive Functions Algorithmic Language RESTRepresentational State Transfer regexRegular Expression regexpRegular Expression REMBRead-Out MotherBoard RFRadio Frequency RFCRequest For Comments RFIRadio Frequency Interference RFIDRadio Frequency Identification RGBRed, Green, Blue RGBARed, Green, Blue, Alpha RHLRed Hat Linux RHELRed Hat Enterprise Linux RIARich Internet Application RIAARecording Industry Association of America RIPRaster Image Processor RIPRouting Information Protocol RIRRegional Internet registry RISCReduced Instruction Set Computer RISC OSReduced Instruction Set Computer Operating System RLERun-Length Encoding RLLRun-Length Limited RMIRemote Method Invocation RMSRichard Matthew Stallman ROMRead Only Memory ROMBRaid On MotherBoard ROM-DOSRead Only Memory - Disk Operating System RPCRemote Procedure Call RPGReport Program Generator RPMRPM Package Manager

RSARivest Shamir Adleman RSIRepetitive Strain Injury RSSRadio Service Software RSSRich Site Summary, RDF Site Summary, or Really Simple Syndication RTAIReal-Time Application Interface RTCReal-Time Clock RTEReal-Time Enterprise RTEMSReal-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems RTLRight-to-Left RTOSReal-Time Operating System RTPReal-time Transport Protocol RTSReady To Send RTSPReal Time Streaming Protocol

[edit] S

SaaSSoftware as a Service SANStorage Area Network SATASerial ATA SAXSimple API for XML SBODSpinning Beachball of Death SBP-2Serial Bus Protocol 2 sbinsuperuser binary SBUStandard Build Unit SCADASupervisory Control And Data Acquisition SCIDSource Code in Database SCMSoftware Configuration Management SCMSource Code Management SCPSecure Copy SCPIStandard Commands for Programmable Instrumentation SCSISmall Computer System Interface SCTPStream Control Transmission Protocol SDSecure Digital SDDLSecurity Descriptor Definition Language SDISingle Document Interface SDIOSecure Digital Input Output SDKSoftware Development Kit SDLSimple DirectMedia Layer SDNService Delivery Network SDPSession Description Protocol SDRSoftware-Defined Radio SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory SDSLSymmetric DSL SESingle Ended SEALSemantics-directed Environment Adaptation Language SEISoftware Engineering Institute

SEOSearch Engine Optimization SFTPSecure FTP SFTPSimple File Transfer Protocol SFTPSSH File Transfer Protocol SGISilicon Graphics, Incorporated SGMLStandard Generalized Markup Language SHASecure Hash Algorithm SHDSLSingle-pair High-speed Digital Subscriber Line SIGCATSpecial Interest Group on CD-ROM Applications and Technology SIGGRAPHSpecial Interest Group on Graphics SIMDSingle Instruction, Multiple Data SIMMSingle Inline Memory Module SIPSession Initiation Protocol SIPSupplementary Ideographic Plane SISDSingle Instruction, Single Data SISO - Single-Input and Single-Output SLEDSUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop SLESSUSE Linux Enterprise Server SLIScalable Link Interface SLIPSerial Line Internet Protocol SLMService Level Management SLOCSource Lines of Code SPMDSingle Program, Multiple Data SMASubMiniature version A SMBServer Message Block SMBIOSSystem Management BIOS SMILSynchronized Multimedia Integration Language S/MIMESecure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions SMPSupplementary Multilingual Plane SMPSymmetric Multi-Processing SMSShort Message Service SMSSystem Management Server SMTSimultaneous Multithreading SMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol SNASystems Network Architecture SNMPSimple Network Management Protocol SNTPSimple Network Time Protocol SOAService-Oriented Architecture SOEStandard Operating Environment SOAPSimple Object Access Protocol SoCSystem-on-a-Chip SO-DIMMSmall Outline DIMM SOHOSmall Office/Home Office SOISilicon On Insulator SPService Pack SPASingle Page Application

SPFSender Policy Framework SPISerial Peripheral Interface SPIStateful Packet Inspection SPARCScalable Processor Architecture SQLStructured Query Language SRAMStatic Random Access Memory SSDSoftware Specification Document SSDSolid-State Drive SSEStreaming SIMD Extensions SSHSecure Shell SSIServer Side Includes SSISingle-System Image SSISmall-Scale Integration SSIDService Set Identifier SSLSecure Socket Layer SSPSupplementary Special-purpose Plane SSSESupplementary Streaming SIMD Extensions susuperuser SUSSingle UNIX Specification SUSESoftware und System-Entwicklung SVCScalable Video Coding SVGScalable Vector Graphics SVGASuper Video Graphics Array SVDStructured VLSI Design SWFShock Wave Flash SWTStandard Widget Toolkit SysopSystem operator

[edit] T

TAOTrack-At-Once TASMTurbo Assembler TBTera-Byte TclTool Command Language TCPTransmission Control Protocol TCP/IPTransmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TCUTelecommunication Control Unit TDMATime Division Multiple Access TFTThin Film Transistor TITexas Instruments TLAThree-Letter Acronym TLDTop-Level Domain TLSThread-Local Storage TLSTransport Layer Security tmptemporary TNCTerminal Node Controller

TNCThreaded Neill-Concelman connector TPFTransaction Processing Facility TROFFTrace Off TRONTrace On TRONThe Real-time Operating system Nucleus TRS-DOSTandy Radio Shack - Disk Operating System TSOTime Sharing Option TSPTraveling Salesman Problem TSRTerminate and Stay Resident TTATrue Tap Audio TTFTrueType Font TTLTransistor-Transistor Logic TTLTime To Live TTSText-to-Speech TTYTeletype TUCOWSThe Ultimate Collection of Winsock Software TUGTeX Users Group TWAINTechnology Without An Interesting Name

[edit] U

UAAGUser Agent Accessibility Guidelines UACUser Account Control UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter UATUser Acceptance Testing UCSUniversal Character Set UDDIUniversal Description, Discovery, and Integration UDMAUltra DMA UDPUser Datagram Protocol UEFIUnified Extensible Firmware Interface UHFUltra High Frequency UIUser Interface ULUpload ULAUncommitted Logic Array UMAUpper Memory Area UMBUpper Memory Block UMLUnified Modeling Language UMLUser-Mode Linux UMPCUltra-Mobile Personal Computer UNCUniversal Naming Convention UPSUninterruptible Power Supply URIUniform Resource Identifier URLUniform Resource Locator URNUniform Resource Name USBUniversal Serial Bus usruser

USRU.S. Robotics UTCCoordinated Universal Time UTFUnicode Transformation Format UTPUnshielded Twisted Pair UUCPUnix to Unix Copy UUIDUniversally Unique Identifier UUNUniversal User Name UVCUniversal Virtual Computer UXUser Experience

[edit] V

varvariable VAXVirtual Address eXtension VCPIVirtual Control Program Interface VRVirtual Reality VRMLVirtual Reality Modeling Language VBVisual Basic VBAVisual Basic for Applications VBSVisual Basic Script VDSLVery High Bitrate Digital Subscriber Line VESAVideo Electronics Standards Association VFATVirtual FAT VFSVirtual File System VGVolume Group VGAVideo Graphics Array VHFVery High Frequency VLANVirtual Local Area Network VLSMVariable Length Subnet Mask VLBVesa Local Bus VLFVery Low Frequency VLIWVery Long Instruction Word VLSIVery-Large-Scale Integration VMVirtual Machine VMVirtual Memory VNCVirtual Network Computing VODVideo On Demand VoIPVoice over Internet Protocol VPNVirtual Private Network VPUVisual Processing Unit VSAMVirtual Storage Access Method VSATVery Small Aperture Terminal VTVideo Terminal? VTAMVirtual Telecommunications Access Method

[edit] W

W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium WAFSWide Area File Services WAIWeb Accessibility Initiative WAISWide Area Information Server WANWide Area Network WAPWireless Access Point WAPWireless Application Protocol WASMWatcom ASseMbler WBEMWeb-Based Enterprise Management WCAGWeb Content Accessibility Guidelines WCFWindows Communication Foundation WDMWavelength-Division Multiplexing WebDAVWWW Distributed Authoring and Versioning WEPWired Equivalent Privacy WFIWait For Interrupt Wi-FiWireless Fidelity WiMAXWorldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access WinFSWindows Future Storage WINSWindows Internet Name Service WLANWireless Local Area Network WMAWindows Media Audio WMVWindows Media Video WOLWake-on-LAN WOMWake-on-Modem WORWake-on-Ring WPAWi-Fi Protected Access WPANWireless Personal Area Network WPFWindows Presentation Foundation WSDLWeb Services Description Language WSFLWeb Services Flow Language WUSBWireless Universal Serial Bus WWANWireless Wide Area Network WWIDWorld Wide Identifier WWNWorld Wide Name WWWWorld Wide Web WYSIWYGWhat You See Is What You Get WZCWireless Zero Configuration

[edit] X

XAGXML Accessibility Guidelines XAMLeXtensible Application Markup Language XDMX Window Display Manager

XDMCPX Display Manager Control Protocol XCBLXML Common Business Library XHTMLeXtensible Hypertext Markup Language XILPX Interactive ListProc XMLeXtensible Markup Language XMMSX Multimedia System XMPPeXtensible Messaging and Presence Protocol XMSExtended Memory Specification XNSXerox Network Systems XPCross-Platform XPExtreme Programming XPCOMCross Platform Component Object Model XPIXPInstall XPIDLCross-Platform IDL XSDXML Schema Definition XSLeXtensible Stylesheet Language XSL-FOeXtensible Stylesheet Language Formatting Objects XSLTeXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformations XSSCross-Site Scripting XTFeXtensible Tag Framework XTFeXtended Triton Format XULXML User Interface Language

[edit] Y

Y2KYear Two Thousand YAAFYet Another Application Framework YACCYet Another Compiler Compiler YAMLYAML Ain't Markup Language YaSTYet another Setup Tool

[edit] Z

ZCAVZone Constant Angular Velocity ZCSZero Code Suppression ZIFZero Insertion Force ZIFSZero Insertion Force Socket ZISCZero Instruction Set Computer ZOPEZ Object Publishing Environment ZMAZone Multicast Address ZPLZ-level Programming Language

--- A --ACPI - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

ACR - Advanced Communications Riser ADC - Analog to Digital Converter ADPCM - Adaptive Differential Pulse-Code Modulation ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port ALI - Acer Labs, Incorporated ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit AM - Active Matrix AMD - Advanced Micro Devices AMR - Audio Modem Riser ANSI - American National Standards Institute APM - Advanced Power Management ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface AT - Advanced Technology ATA - Advanced Technology Attachment ATAPI - AT Attachment Packet Interface ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode ATX - Advanced Technology Extended --- B --BGA - Ball Grid Array BIOS - Basic Input Output System BIT - Binary Digit BNC - Barrel Nut Connector BNC - Berkeley Nuclear Connector BNC - British Naval Connector BSRAM - Burst Static Random Access Memory --- C --CAS - Column Address Signal CAV - Constant Angular Velocity CD - Compact Disk CDR - Compact Disk Recorder CDRW - Compact Disk Re-Writer CDTV - Commodore Dynamic Total Vision CD-ROM - Compact Disk - Read Only Memory CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute (ft/min) CGA - Color Graphics Adapter CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer CLV - Constant Linear Velocity CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor CMYK - Cyan Magenta Yellow Black

COAST - Cache On A Stick CNR - Communication Network Riser CPRM - Copyright Protection for Recordable Media CPU - Central Processing Unit CSU/DSU - Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit CRC - Cyclic Redundancy Check CRIMM - Continuity Rambus Inline Memory Module CRT - Cathode Ray Tube --- D --DAC - Digital-to-Analog Converter DACS - Digital Access and Cross-connect System DAE - Digital Audio Extraction DDC - Display Data Channel DDR - Double Data Rate DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory DEC - Digital Equipment Corporation DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module DIP - Dual Inline Pin DMA - Direct Memory Access DOCSIS - Data Over Cable Systems Interface Specifications DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory DPI - Dots Per Inch DS/DD - Double Sided, Double Density DS/HD - Double Sided, High Density DSL - Digital Subscriber Line DSP - Digital Signal Processing DSTN - Dual Supertwisted Nematic DUN - Dial Up Networking DVD - Digital Versatile Disc DVD-RAM - Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory --- E --EBps - Exabytes per second Ebps - Exabits per second ECC - Error Correction Code ECP - Enhanced Capability Port EDO - Extended Data Out EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory EGA - Enhanced Graphics Adapter EGA - Enhanced Graphics Array EIDE - Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics EIAJ - Electronics Industry Association of Japan

EISA - Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture EMI - Electro-Magnetic Interference EMS - Expanded Memory Specification ESDRAM - Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic DRAM EPIC - Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing EPP - Enhanced Parallel Port ESD- Electro-Static Discharge EWSD - Electronic Worldwide Switch Digital --- F --FC-PGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array FDC - Floppy Disk Controller FDD - Floppy Disk Drive FDDI - Fiber Distributed Data Interconnect FeRAM - Ferroelectric Random Access Memory FIFO - First In First Out FLOPS - Floating Point Operations per Second FMD - Flourescent Multi-layer Disk FMD-ROM - Flourescent Multi-layer Disk - Read Only Memory FPGA - Field-Programmable Gate Array FPM - Fast Page Mode FPS - Frame Per Second FPU - Floating Point Unit FSAA - Full Screen Anti-Aliasing FSB - Front Side Bus FXSR - Fast Save and Restore --- G --GART - Graphics Address Remapping Table GB - Gigabytes GBps - Gigabytes per second Gbps - Gigabits per second GDI - Graphical Device Interface GFD - Gold Finger Device GHz - GigaHertz GPA - Graphics Performance Accelerator GPU - Graphics Processing Unit GSR - Gigabit Switched Router GTS - GigaTexel Shader --- H --HCI - Human-Computer Interaction/Interface HDD - Hard Disk Drive HIPPI - High Performance Parallel Interface HPA - High Performance Addressing

HSF - Heat Sink and Fan HSR - Hidden Surface Removal HardOCP - Hard Overclocker Comparison Page --- I --IBM - International Business Machines Corporation IC - Integrated Circuit ICH - I/O Controller Hub IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics IDSL - ISDN Digital Subscriber Line IEEE - Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers IFTTC - Integrated Fiber To The Curb IFITL - Integrated Fiber In The Loop IHA - Intel Hub Architecture I/O - Input/Output IR - Infra Red IRQ - Interrupt Request ISA - Industry Standard Architecture ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network ISO - International Standards Organization --- J --JBOD - Just a Bunch Of Disks --- K --Kbps - Kilobits Per Second KBps - KiloBytes per second KNI - Katmai New Instructions KVM - Keyboard Video Mouse --- L --LASER - Light Amplified by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation LBA - Logical Block Addressing LCD - Liquid Crystal Display LDT - Lightning Data Transport LED - Light Emitting Diode LIF - Low Insertion Force LIFO - Last In First Out LMA - Lightspeed Memory Architecture LPT - Line Print Terminal LUN - Logical Unit Number LVD - Low-Voltage Differential --- M --MAC - Media Access Control MB - MotherBoard MB - Megabyte

MBps - Megabytes Per Second Mbps - Megabits Per Second MC - Micro-Channel MCA - Micro Channel Architecture MCE Machine Check Exception MCGA - Multi-Color Graphic Array MDRAM - Multibank Dynamic Random Access Memory MEMS - Micro-Electromechanical Systems MFLOPS - Millions of FLoating point Operations Per Second MFM - Modified Frequency Modulation MHz - MegaHertz MIPS - Million Instructions Per Second MMX - Multi-Media Extensions Modem - Modulate/Demodulate MTRR - Memory Type Range Registers --- N --NAS - Network Attached Storage NAT - Network Address Translation NFG - Not Functioning Good NIC - Network Interface Card --- O --OC - Overclock (Over Clock) OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer OTFT - Organic Thin-Film Transistor --- P --PA-RISC - Precision Archetecture Reduced Instruction Set Computing PAL - Phase Alternation Line PAN - Personal Area Network PAT - Port Address Translation Pb - Peta byte PBC - Pipelined Burst Cache PC - Personal Computer PCB - Printed Circuit Board PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect PCM - Pulse Code Modulation PCMCIA - Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association PGA - Professional Graphics Array PIO - Programmable Input/Output PIXEL - Picture Element PLD - Programmable Logic Device PnP - Plug 'n Play

POST - Power On Self Test POTS - Plain Old Telephone System PPGA - Plastic Pin Grid Array PPP - Point to Point Protocol PPPoA - Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM PPPoE - Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet PRAM - Parameter Random Access Memory PROM - Programmable Read-Only Memory PSU - Power Supply Unit PWM - Pulse Width Modulation --- Q --QDR - Quadruple Data Rate --- R --RADSL - Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks RAID - Redundant Array of Independant Disks RAM - Random Access Memory RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor RAS - Row Address Strobe RDRAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory RGB - Red Green Blue RIMM - Rambus Inline Memory Module RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computing RLL - Run Length Limited ROM - Read Only Memory RPM - Revolutions Per Minute --- S --SAN - Storage Area Network SASID - Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display SCA - SCSI Configured Automatically SCSI - Small Computer System Interface SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory SDSL - Synchronus Digital Subscriber Line SECC - Single Edge Contact Connector SEP - Single Edge Processor SEPP - Single Edge Processor Package SGI - Silicon Graphics Incorporated SGRAM - Synchronous Graphics RAM SIMD - Single Instruction-Stream, Multiple Data-Stream SIMM - Single Inline Memory Module SLI - Scan Line Interleave SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol

SMDS - Switched Multimegabit Data Service SMP - Symmetric MultiProcessing SNR - Signal to Noise Ratio SODIMM - Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module SPARC - Scalable Processor ArChitecture SOHO - Small Office Home Office SRAM - Static Random Access Memory SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions STN - Supertwisted Nematic STP - Shieled Twisted Pair SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array S/PDIF - Sony/Philips Digital Interface --- T --TB - Terabytes TBps - Terabytes per second Tbps - Terabits per second TEC - Thermoelectric Cooler TFT - Thin Film Transistor THz - TeraHertz TIM - Thermal Interface Material TNT - TwiN Texel TOPS - Theoretical Operations Per Second TSOP - Thin Small Outline Package TTL - Transistor Transistor Logic TWAIN - Technology Without An Important Name --- U --UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter UDMA - Ultra Direct Memory Access UMA - Unified Memory Architechture UPS - Uninteruptible Power Supply USB - Universal Serial Bus UTP - Unshieled Twisted Pair --- V --VCD - Video CD VCM - Virutal Channel Memory VCRAM - Virtual Channel Read Access Memory VDSL - Very High Data Digital Subscriber Line VESA - Video Electronics Standards Association VFD - Vacuum-Flourescent Displays VGA - Video Graphics Array VIVO - Video In, Video Out VLB - VESA Local Bus

VPN - Virtual Private Network VRAM - Video Random Access Memory --- W --WORM - Write-Once Read-Many WRAM - Window Random Access Memory WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get --- X --XGA - Extended Graphics Array XMS - Extended Memory Specification XT - Extended Technology --- Y ----- Z --ZIF - Zero Insertion Force ZV - Zoomed Video