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- 8_solving Linear Inequalities
- 1 Expanding
- The Quadratic Formula
- Inverse Functions
- Solving a Linear System of Equations
- Graphs of Functions
- Transformations of Trigonometric Functions
- Least Squares Trendline and Correlation
- Equations of Lines
- Absolute Value Equations
- Pythagorean Theorem
- Word Problems
- Setting Up Linear Models
- Simplifying Expressions
- One-to-One and Onto Functions
- Transformations of Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- Domain & Range of Trigonometric Functions
- Solving Exponential & Logarithmic Equations
- Exponent Laws & Logarithm Properties
- Rational Equations

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OVERVIEW Exponential functions are useful in modeling many physical phenomena, such as populations, interest rates, radioactive decay, and the amount of medicine in the bloodstream. An exponential model is of the form t /c 0 where we have A0 : the initial amount of whatever is being modeled t: elapsed time A: the amount at time t. b: the growth factor. Note that if b > 1 , then we have exponential growth, and if b < 1 , then we have exponential decay. c: time it takes for the growth factor b to occur.

A = A (b )

_______________________________________________________________________ Example: Suppose that the initial number of bacteria in a sample is 6000 and that the population triples every 2 hours. Set up the corresponding model for the number of bacteria as a function of time. Solution:

f (t ) = 6000 3

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Example: If a substance has a half-life of 18 years and we start with 27 mg, determine the appropriate model for how much of the substance we have at any given time. Solution:

f (t ) = 27 1

( 2)

18

_______________________________________________________________________

Once a model has been set up, known data can be substituted in and the resulting exponential equation can be solved for an unknown variable, which is often t, A, or A0 .

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