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Frame Relay Notes FECN, and BECN

BECN
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Backward Explicit Congestion Notification is a bit in the Frame Relay header that is set by the destination and sent BACK to the originator indicating congestion in the path and to slow down transmission of data. is issued to frames returning along the path to indicate to the originating device that congestion occurred along the path. Tells the transmitting device that the Frame Relay network is congested and that it should "back off" to allow better throughput.

FECN Forward Explicit Congestion Notification is a bit in the Frame Relay header that is set by the sender and is FORWARDED to the destination to indicate congestion in the path and to slow down requests for data. o is issued to the destination device along the path from the source to the destination to indicate congestion in the Frame Relay network along that path. o Tells the receiving device that the path is congested so that the upper layer protocols should expect some delay. All are part of the frame relay congestion management suite. Frame relay switches monitor links for CIR or oversubscription congestion on links. o If the VC has a CIR of 256k, the switch knows there is congestion if the customer is sending more than 256k down that VC. Discard Eligible o Flag in the LAPF header o Marks a frame as eligible to be dropped in case of congestion o Marked via the MQC
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Congestion Control in FECN and BECN

Forward Explicit Congestion Notification (FECN) o Flag in the LAPF header o Set by the switch when the frame is about to enter a link with congestion on a VC Congestion in one direction FECNs are set when the frame is going into the congestion. o Receiving router can see that there was congestion on the way. o FECNs can be used to activate adaptive shaping via FRTS. o Plain English: If Router B receives a frame with the FECN flag set, that means that there is congestion on the path from Router A to this Router B, and that Router B should expect delays. Backward Explicit Congestion Notification (BECN) o Flag in the LAPF header o Set by the switch when a frame has just left the link with congestion Congestion is the opposite direction. BECNs are set when the frame has just left a link that has congestion on it. o Notifies the original sending router that there is congestion along that VC. o Plain English: If Router A receives a frame with the BECN flag set, that means that there is congestion from Router A towards Router B and that the sending host should calm down a little bit.

Name : MUHAMMAD ARIFF BIN MOHD ROHZAINI No ID: 52208109057 p/s: kalau kurang, sila gitau ye. :P