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DesignofAbutmentWell

Stability of Well Foundation and steining stresses have been checked for the following four cases:-
(1) Normal LWL case with Maximum CWLL
(2) Normal HFL case with Minimum CWLL (3) Seismic LWL case with Maximum CWLL (4) Seismic HFL case with Minimum CWLL
45.1 x 2 + 32.1
DesignLevels
Road Formation Level
Soffit Level
= 81.19
m
Abutment Cap Top Level = 78.513 m
High Flood Level (HFL) = 78.21 m
LBL = 75.58 m
Low Water Level (LWL) = 69.582 m
Foundation Level = 70 m
RL of sand fill in abutment well = 52 m
DimensionsofDifferentComponent = 67.01 m
Length of Abutment cap
Length of Abutment = 10.25 m
Thickness of Dirt Wall = 10.25 m
Length of Cantilever Return = 0.3 m
Length of Approach Slab = 3.5 m
Outer Diameter of Well = 3.5 m
Thickness of Intermediate Plug = 6.5 m
Outer projection at well kerb top in either
direction
= 0.5 m
Thickness of plug above well kerb top
level
= 0.075 m
Projection of well on Earth side(From
abut shaft face)
= 0.3 m
Projection of well on River side(From
abut shaft face)
= 3.5 m
Width of corbel in abutment cap = 2 m
Uniform height of corbel in abutment cap = 0.35 m
Varying height of corbel in abutment cap = 0.6 m
LoadsandForcesfromSuperstructur
e
= 0.35 m
C/C of end span
Dead Load Reaction = 43.425 m
SIDL Reaction = 3816.7 KN
FPLL Reaction = 932.1 KN
Max Depth of Superstructure = 61.6 KN
= 2.5 m
Base width of Superstructure
Min. thickening at bottom at support = 5 m
Thickening at mid section of
superstructure
= 0.05 m
Width of cross girder = 0.113 m
CWLLReaction(WithoutImpact) = 1.2 m
Max.Reactionatabutment
Due to 70 R Wheeled
+
Due to class A 1 Lane
= 895.82
KN
Min.Reactionatabutment
Due to 70 R Wheeled
= 0
KN
+
Due to class A 1 Lane
= 166.98
KN
Impact Factor
= 0
KN
CWLLReaction(UsedatAbutmentS
haftBottom)
= 1.09
Max.Reactionatabutment =
1.03
Due to 70 R Wheeled
=
= Min.Rea
ctionat
Due to class A 1 Lane
=
= 918.628
kN
Due to
70 R
Transverseeccy.intransversedirection(safetykerbside) 0.000 kN Due to
class A
Due to 70 R wheeled = 1.2800 m
+
Due to class A 1 Lane = 0 m
Unitwts.ofDifferentComponent
Grade of conc. of superstructure = M 40.000 Dry wt. of conc. = 24.000 kN/m^3 =M 40
Grade of conc. of Substructure =M 35 =
Dry unit weight of soil = 18
kN/m
3
Submerged unit weight of soil = 10
kN/m
3
SeismicCoefficient: = 0.48
Zone-III = III
Horizontal seismic coefficient = 0.48
0.050 m (At Either End) m (At Either End)
3.5 m 0.3
Deck Level m
80.89 m Level
Soffit Level 78.513 m
Abutment Cap Top 78.213 m
Abutment Cap Bottom Level 77.313 m
1.350 m
HFL 75.58 m
0.95 76.492
76 m well Cap Top Level
3.500 m 1.000 m 2.000 m
74.0 m Well Cap Bottom Level
6.500 m
Water Fill
cL of well
cL of brg.
1.200 m
67.0 m MSL 1.000 Intermediate Plug in M 25 Concrete
Sand Fill
Well Kerb Top Level 53.700 m
Foundation Level 52.000 m
Height of Bottom sump
1.000 m
10.250
m
3.250 m 3.250 m
6.500 m dia of well
PlanatwellcaptopLevel
DimensionsofSubstructureComponents
(i)DirtWall
Length
(ii)CantileverReturns
Depth at Free End = Length
(iii)AbutmentCap
Length
(iv)AbutmentShaft
Length = 10.250 m Width = 1.000 m Height = 1.323 m
(v)WellCap
Radius = 3.250 m Thickness = 2.000 m
Major axis = 5.125 m Minor axis = 2.000 m
(vi)IntermediatePlug
Diameter = 4.500 m Thickness = 0.500 m Bottom Level = 67.013 m
(vii)Well
Outer Dia. = 6.500 m Steining Thickness = 1.000 m Inner Dia. = 4.500 m
(viii)BottomPlug
Dia. at top
Dia. at bottom
Depth of sump
(ix)WellKerb
Outer dia
offset at Top
(x)BackfillParameters
Angle of Internal Friction
Cohesion
ComputationofVolumesofSubstructureComponents
Thickeningofslabatbottom
Volume = 5.000 x 1.200 x 0.113 = 0.675 m^3
(i)VolumeofDirtWall
= 10.250 x 0.300 x 2.977 = 9.156 m^3
(ii)VolumeofReturnWalls
Uniform Portion
Tapered Portion
(iii)VolumeofAbutmentCap
Rectangular portion =
Uniform portion of corbel =
Triangular portion of corbel=
(iv)VolumeofAbutmentShaft
AboveHFL
= 10.250 x 1.000 x 1.733 = 17.758 m^3
BelowHFL
= 10.250 x 1.000 x -0.410 = -4.202 m^3
(v)VolumeofWellCap
Left rectangular portion = 10.250 x 3.500 x 2.000 = 71.750 m^3
C.G. of back Fill From Abutment Face = 3.500 / 2.000 = 3.500 = 1.750 m
2.000
from the face of abutment on left side
Rectangular portion = 10.250 x 1.000 x 2.000 = 20.500 m^3
Right elliptical portion = x 5.125 x 2.000 x 2.000 = 32.201 m^3
2.000
C.G. of Front Fill From Abutment Face = 4 R = 4.000 x 2.000 = 8.000 = 0.849 m
3.000 x 3.142 9.425
from the face of abutment on right side
(vi)VolumeofIntermediatePlug
= x 4.500 ^2 x 0.500 = 7.952 m^3
4.000
(vii)VolumeofWellSteininguptoRL 53.700 m
Area = x ( 6.500 ^2 - 4.500 ^2 ) = 17.279 m^2
4.000
Volume = 17.279 x 20.290 = 350.59 m^3
(vii)VolumeofWellSteininguptoRL 62.901 m
Area = x ( 6.500 ^2 - 4.500 ^2 ) = 17.279 m^2
4.000
Volume = 17.279 x 11.089 = 191.596 m^3
(vii)VolumeofWellSteininguptoRL 58.316 m
Volume = 17.279 x 15.674 = 270.83 m^3
(vii)VolumeofWellSteininguptoRL 61.997 m
Volume = 17.279 x 11.993 = 207.22 m^3
(vii)VolumeofWellSteininguptoRL 58.84 m
Volume = 17.279 x 15.149 = 261.76 m^3
(viii)VolumeofBottomPlug
(a)Uniformdia.Portion
= x 4.500 ^2 x ( 0.300 + 0.300 ) = 9.543 m^3
4.000
(b)FlaredPortion
Plan area at Top, A1
Plan area at Bottom, A2
4.000
Height h = = 1.400 m
Volume = h x ( A1 + A2 + A1.A2 ) = 32.674 m^3
3.000
Total Volume of Bottom Plug = 42.217 m^3
(ix)WellCurb
= x ( 6.650 ^2 x 1.700 -4.500 ^2 x 0.300 ) -32.674 = 21.599 m^3
4.000
(x)VolumeofBackfill
AboveHFL
Volume = 10.250 x 3.500 x 5.610 = 201.259 m^3
BelowHFL
Volume = 10.250 x 3.500 x -0.410 = -14.709 m^3
(xi)VolumeofSandfill
= x 4.500 ^2 x 13.013 = 206.96 m^3
4.000
(xii)VolumeofEarthonWellCurb
Area = x ( 6.650 ^2 - 6.500 ^2 ) = 1.549 m^2
Volume in Normal Case
Volume in Seismic Case
(xiii)VolumeofSumpinBottomPlug
C
3.175 3.175
A 1.000 B
D
Let the sump be a part of sphere of radius = R
then by the intersecting arcs AB and CD
(2R -1.000 ) x 1.000 = 3.175 x 3.175
R = 5.540 m
Volume of sump = x h^2 (R-h/3) = 16.358 m^3
(XIV)VolumeofFrontFill
Total Hori. Distance between free end (Cantilever Return) from Abutment Shaft edge(River Side) = 1.000 + 3.500 = 4.500 m
Height from Deck Level to the RL of starting of front pitching slope = 4.500 = 3.000 m
1.500
RL of point from which front slope pitching starts = 81.125 -0.300 -3.000 = 77.825 m
RL of point for front pitching above the well cap edge (River side) = 77.825 -2.000 = 76.492 m
1.500
RL of point for frontpitching above the well cap edge (River side) 1.888 m from face = 77.825 -1.888 = 76.567 m
1.500
Average height of Front fill pitching = 77.825 -75.990 + 76.492 -75.990
2.000
= 1.168 m
Average height of Front fill pitching = 77.825 -75.990 + 76.567 -75.990
2.000
= 1.206 m
Major Semi Axis = ( 6.500 -2.000 ) x 2.000 = 3.000 m
Minor Semi Axis = 2.000 m
Area in Plan of Front Fill = x 5.125 x 2.000 x 0.500 = 16.101 m ^2
Volume of Front Fill on Well cap = 16.101 x 1.168 18.8 m ^3
C.G. of Front Fill From Abutment Face = 4 R = 4.000 x 2.000 = 8.000 = 0.849 m
3.000 x 3.142 9.425
from the face of abutment
Horizontal Seismic Force
Seismic coefficient analysis
Feq =
Feq =
Ah =
= Z Sa
2 g
R I
Zone No.
V
IV
III
II
Z =
I =
Important bridges
Other bridges
T = Fundamental period of the bridge member (in sec.)
or horizontal vibrations.
= 2.0 D 1/2
1000F
D = appropriate dead load of the superstructure , and live load in KN
F = Horizontal force in KN required to be applied at the center of mass of the
superstructure for one mm horizontal deflection at the top of the pier/abutment along the considered direction of horizontal force.
D =
=
F = 3.8218 x 6 = 22.9308 KN
T = 2.0 x 10620.8 1/2
22930.8
= 1.361 sec
R = Response reduction factor = 2.5
For medium soil sites
Sa = 2.5
g 1.36 /T
0.0 < T < 0.55
0.55 < T < 4.0
= 1.36 = 0.999
1.361
Ah = 0.16 x 0.999
2
Ah = 0.048
2.5
1.5
LiveLoadAnalysis
ClassA2Lane
MaxCWLLReactionatAbutment
68.000 68.000 68.000 68.000 114.000 114.000 27.000 27.000
3.000 3.000 3.000 4.300 1.100 3.200 1.200
0.600 43.425 m 1.025
RA RB Fixed end Free end
RA + RB = 554.000 kN
43.425 RB
RB
RA
Withoutimpact
Max. reaction at Abutment for class A 1
Lane
Min. reaction at Abutment for class A 1
Lane
Max. reaction at Abutment for class A 2
Lane
Min. reaction at Abutment for class A 2
Lane
70Rwheeled
MaxCWLLReactionatAbutment
170.000 170.000 170.000 170.000 120.000 120.000 80.000
1.370 3.050 1.370 2.130 1.520 3.960
0.600 1.025
RA 43.425 m RB
RA + RB = 1000.00 kN
43.425 RB = 170.000 x 0.770 + 170.000 x 3.820 + 170.000 x 5.190
+ 120.000 x 7.320 + 120.000 x 8.840 + 80.000 x 12.800
-170.000 x 0.600
= 130.900 + 649.400 + 882.300 + 878.400 + 1060.80 + 1024.00 -102.000
RB = 104.175 kN
RA = 895.825 kN
Withoutimpact
Max. reaction (70 R wheeled)
Min. reaction (70 R wheeled)
ClassA2Lane
MinCWLLReactionatAbutment
68.000
0.600 43.425 m 1.025
RA RB Fixed end Free end
RA + RB = 554.000 kN
43.425 RB = 68.000 x ( 25.650 + 28.650 + 31.650 + 34.650 )
+ 114.000 x ( 38.950 + 40.150 )
+ 27.000 x ( 43.350 + 44.450 )
= 8200.80 + 9017.40 + 2370.60
RB = 451.095 kN
RA = 102.905 kN
Withoutimpact
Reaction at Abutment end for class A 1
Lane
Reaction at other end for class A 1 Lane
Reaction at Abutment end for class A 2
Lane
Reaction at other end for class A 2 Lane
70Rwheeled
MinCWLLReactionatAbutment
170.000 170.000 170.000 170.000 120.000 120.000 80.000
1.370 3.050 1.370 2.130 1.520 3.960
0.600 43.425 m RB
1.025
RA
43.425 RB
RB
RA
Withoutimpact
Reaction at Abutment end for (70 R
Wheeled)
Reaction at other end for (70 R wheeled)
Copy of Abutment_well
Normal ..... Max. CWLL at abutment
LongitudinalHorizontalBreakingForce(HL)=
Braking force is considered 20 % of live load coming on the span for two lane as per cl. 214.2 of IRC :6.
For third lane , 5% braking force will be considered.
Fh due to 70 R Wheeled
Fh due to class A
(For 3rd Lane)
Total Fh
Longitudinal Horizontal Force At Bearing Level -
For a simply supported span sitting on identical Elastomeric Bearings at each end and resting on unyielding supports.
Force At Each End
Vr = Shear
Rating of
ltc = Moveme
nt of
Movement due to temprreture will be considered for contraction and as well as for expansion both.
Movement of superstructure Due to Temperatur = . L . t
Co-efficient of Expansion = 0.000012 / 0C
(Refer IRC -6)
Variation in the temperature = oC (for moderate conditions)
Movement of superstructure due to temperature = 12.70 mm
Movement of superstructure Due to Creep = 8.79 mm
Movement of superstructure Due to Shrinkage = Strain due to Residual Shrinkage at 28 days x Span/2
= 0.00019 x 21712.500 ( Refer IRC: 18)
= 4.13 mm
Net expansion due to temp.,shrinkage &
creep
Net contraction due to temp.,shrinkage &
creep
Force due to temp., shrinkage & creep in
expansion case
Force due to temp.,shrinkage & creep in
contraction case
Fh/2 + Vr ltc in expansion case
Fh/2 + Vr ltc in contraction case
Governing Longitudnal Force at bearing
level
Seismic ..... Max. CWLL at abutment
Seismiccase
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Fh due to 70 R Wheeled =
0.200 (For first two lane)
Fh in seismic case
Total Fh in seismic case = 100.000 + 461.416 = 561.416 kN
Longitudinal Horizontal Force At Bearing Level -
For a simply supported span sitting on identical Elastomeric Bearings at each end and resting on unyielding supports.
Force At Each End = Fh / 2 + Vr . ltc
Vr = Shear
Rating of
ltc = Moveme
nt of
3821.800 N/mm
Movement due to temprreture will be considered for contraction and as well as for expansion both.
Net expansion due to temp., shrinkage
and creep
Net contraction due to temp, shrinkage
and creep
Force in expansion case
Force in contraction case
Fh/2 + Vr. ltc in expansion case
Fh/2 + Vr. ltc in contraction case
Governing Longitudnal force (Temp. rise
case)
Governing Longitudnal force (Temp. fall
case)
Copy of Abutment_well
Governing longitudnal force 574.38 kN
Case1(Normalcase...........LWLCaseWithMax.CWLL)
Case1(a)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
Moment at abutment base =
(Due to long. Force)
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity=
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 75.990 m and @ cg of Abutment Shaft
S.No. Item Volume Unit Wt. P eL ML
1
Dead
load
2 SIDL
3 FPLL
4 Reaction
from
class A
1 Lane
5 Thickeni
ng of
6 Dirt wall
7 Abutme
nt
8 Uniform
portion
9 Trianglu
ar
10 Abutme
nt
11 Abutme
nt Shaft
12 Return
Wall
13 Return
Wall
14 Railing
over
15 Total Load and moments at Abutment Shaft Bottom 6670.845 2369.800
LoadsandmomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
Vertical Load
Moment, ML
Moment, MT
Case1(b)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatFoundationLeve
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 393.677 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 393.677 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 10437.4 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 52.000 m and @ cg of Foundation Level
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P
1 Dead load
3816.700 1.200
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom
15 BackfillbehindAbutment
On Rectangular Portion (Above HFL)
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom
17 Well Cap (Left rectangular
portion) 71.750
Total Loads and Moment at Well
Foundation
LoadsandmomentsatWellFoundationLeve
Vertical Load = 20371.65 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 2940.50 + 121925.045 + 10437.359 = 135302.906 kN.m
Moment, MT = 1146.656 + 0.000 + 261.800 + 419.445 = 1827.90 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 135302.9 ^2 + 1827.901 ^2 = 135315.3
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
Total
Loads
Mts .= ######
Total Resultant Moment = 135315.253 + 6157.190 = 141472.443 kNm
7.1.3ComputationofBasePressure
Total Moment at Foundation = MR + Mts = 141472.4 kNm
Soil Resistance = 201322.29 > 141472.443
Hence, No Moment will Transfer to the Base = 141472.443 + -201322.293
= 0.000 kN
A
Z
P max. =
P min. =
= 586.534 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
Case2(Normalcase...........HFLCaseWithMin.CWLL)
Case2(a)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 393.677 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 393.677 x 2.523
(Due to long. Force) = 993.050 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity=
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 75.990@ cg of Abutment Shaft
S.No. Item Volume Unit Wt. P eL ML
1
Dead
load
2 SIDL
3 FPLL
4 Reaction
from
class A
1 Lane
5 Thickeni
ng of
6 Dirt wall
7 Abutme
nt Cap
8 Uniform
portion
9 Trianglu
ar
10 Abutme
nt Shaft
11 Abutme
nt Shaft
12 Return
Wall
13 Return
Wall
14 Railing
over
15 Total Load and moments at Abutment Shaft Bottom 5965.475 2033.472
LoadsandmomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
Vertical Load
Moment, ML
Moment, MT
Case2(b)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatFoundationLeve
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 393.677 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 393.677 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 10437.359 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 52.000 g of Well Foundation Level
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P
1.000 Dead load
3816.700 1.200
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom
15.000 Backfill behind Abutment
On Rectangular Portion (Above HFL)
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom
17.000 Well Cap (Left elliptical
portion)
Total Loads and Moment at Well
Foundation
LoadsandmomentsatWellFoundationLevel
Vertical Load
Moment, ML
Moment, MT
Resultant Moment MR = 121381.863 ^2 + 894.982 ^2 = 121385.162
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
= 894.982 kN.m
Total Loads upto
Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= 9624.904 x ( 0.150 + 23.990 ) + 10027.113 x 23.990 = 5833.444 kNm
80.000 160.000
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 121385.162 + 5833.444 = 127218.606 kNm
ComputationofBasePressure
Total Moment at Foundation Level = MR + Mts = 127218.6 kNm
Soil Resistance = 97911.60 < 127218.61
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the Base = 127218.606 + -97911.603
= 0.000 kN
P max. = P + M = 19652.016 + 0.000
A Z 34.732 28.871
= 565.814 + 0.000
= 565.814 kPa 801.434 Hence OK
P min. =
= 565.814 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
Case3(Seismiccase...........LWLCaseWithMax.CWLL)
Loadsandforcesduetoseismic
Horizontal Seismic Coefficient
Vertical Seismic Coefficient
Considering Seismic Force in Longitudnal direction
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P
1 Reaction from Superstructure DL
3816.700 91.525
15 Total Load and moments at
Abutment Shaft Bottom
16 Well Cap (RSL)
0.000 24.000 0.000
Total Load and moments at Well
Foundation Level
Case3(a)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 574.385 x 2.523 = 1448.885 kN
(Due to long. Force)
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
LoadsandmomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
Vertical Load = 6670.845 kN
Due to Horz. force Moment Due o Back Fil in normal case Due to Seismic Force
Moment, ML = 2369.800 + 1448.885 + 2591.145 + 97.425
= 6507.256 kN.m
Due to Trans. eccy. of CWLL
Moment, MT = 1857.089 kN.m
Case3(b)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatFoundationLeve
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 574.385 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 15228.375 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
S.No. Item
1.000
Total
Loads
2.000 Earth on
Well
3.000 Earth on
Well
Total
Loads
LoadsandmomentsatWellFoundationLevel
Vertical Load
Moment, ML
Moment, MT = 1284.658 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 198284.288 ^2 + 1284.658 ^2 = 198288.449 kNm
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
= 198284.288 kN.m
Total
Loads
TILT
23.990 ) +
Cap top
level in
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Increment in Load
Level in normal case Due to Seismic SHIFT
Mts .= ( 10344.539 + 148.953 ) x ( 0.150 +
80.000 160.000
= 6224.200 kNm
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 198288.449 + 6224.200 = 204512.649 kNm
ComputationofBasePressure
Total Moment at Foundation Level = MR + Mts = 204512.6 kNm
Soil Resistance = 251652.87 > 204512.649
Hence, No Moment will Transfer to the
Bas
A
Z
P max. =
P min. =
= 591.205 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
Case4(Seismiccase...........HFLCaseWithMin.CWLL)
Loadsandforcesduetoseismic
Horizontal Seismic Coefficient = 0.048
Vertical Seismic Coefficient = 0.024
Considering Seismic Force in Longitudnal direction
Well cap top RSL
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P
1.000 Reaction from
Superstructure DL
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom
15.000 Well Cap
0.000 24.000 0.000
Total Load and moments at Well
Foundation Level
Case4(a)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 574.385 x 2.523 = 1448.885 kN
(Due to long. Force)
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
LoadsandmomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
Vertical Load = 5965.475 kN
Due to Horz. force Moment Due o Back Fil in normal case Due to Seismic Force
Moment, ML = 2033.472 + 1448.885 + 2044.640 + 97.012 = 5624.009 kN.m
Due to Trans. eccy. of CWLL
Moment, MT = 900.423 kN.m
Case4(b)
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatFoundationLeve
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 574.385 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 15228.375 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
S.No.
1.000
Total
Loads
2.000 Earth on
Well
3.000 Earth on
Well
ds and Moment at Well Foundation in Seismic Case 19665.29 1605.1
LoadsandmomentsatWellFoundationLeve
Vertical Load = 19665.288 + 141.000 = 19806.288 kN
Moment, ML
Moment, MT = 807.013 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 133089.296 ^2 + 807.013 ^2 = 133091.742 kNm
= 133089.296 kN.m
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
Total Loads
upto Well
Level in
normal
Mts .= ( 9624.904
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 133091.742 + 5896.876 = 138988.618 kNm
ComputationofBasePressure
= 5896.876 kNm
Total Moment at Foundation Level = MR + Mts = 138988.6 kNm
Soil Resistance = 126583.83 < 138988.618
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the
Base
A
Z
P max. =
P min. =
= 140.596 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
Case1
LiveLoadSurcharge
Layer Ka =
Reduced Level
Deck Level 81.2
5.2 6.0 10.3 321.7
-4.0 6.0 10.3 -246.8
72.0 -4935.1
29.2 1309.5
20883
Case1
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)(LWLCase) In case of LWL , it is assumed that MSL is at Well cap level
Layer
Reduced N -2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
Deck Level
Well cap top(Assumed MSL)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Reduced Level
Layer -2c / N yz /
Deck Level 81.2
0.0
-4.0 0.0 45.1
10.3 3.0 0.0
29.2
Total
PassiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)(LWLCase)
Layer
Reduced thickness c N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2 (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
LWL 70.0 0.0
-4.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 -228.9 5.736
Well cap bottom 74.0 -228.9
1.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 -171.5 5.736
End Layer 1 73.0 -171.5
6.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 171.3 5.736
MSL 67.0 171.3
2.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 286.1 5.736
End of Layer 2 65.0 286.1
2.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 400.8 5.736
End of Layer 3 63.0 400.8
9.3 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 935.0 5.736
Well kerb top 53.7 935.0
1.7 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 1032.5 5.736
Foundation Level 52.0
18.0
Reduced Level
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Total 0.0 31181.6 0.0 198992.2
Total Passive Force 31181.6 Total Passive Moment 198992.2
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m 70.0 m
Layer
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) 74.0 m
LWL 70.0
-4.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 5.736
Well cap bottom 74.0 6.2 73.0m
1.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2
End Layer 1 73.0
6.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2
MSL 67.0 6.2 67.0m
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2
End of Layer 2 65.0
End of Layer 3 63.0
Well kerb top 53.7
Foundation Level 52.0
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 6.2 65.0 m
9.3 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 6.2 63.0
18.0 6.2 53.7
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 52.0 (m) c
(kN.m)
6.2 52.0 m
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge
LWL 70.0
Well cap bottom 74.0
End Layer 1 73.0
MSL 67.0
End of Layer 2 65.0
End of Layer 3 63.0
Well kerb top 53.7
Foundation Level 52.0
-4.0 6.2 10.3 2.0 -126.4 72.0 -2527.0
1.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 20.1 73.5 431.6
6.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 120.1 70.0 2161.2
2.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 40.2 66.0 562.9
2.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 40.2 64.0 482.6
9.3 6.2 6.5 2.0 187.1 58.4 1189.1
1.7 6.2 6.7 2.0 34.9 52.9 29.7
18.0
Total 316.1 2330.1
Grand Total Passive Force 31498 Total Passive Moment 201322.3
Checkforsteining:
As per clause 710.2.3.1 ,the minimum thickness of steining shall not be less than 500mm and satisfy the following relationship.
t required = k d l = 0.03 x 6.5 x 4.9 = 0.955 m
Thickness provided = 1.00 m Hence OK
Case1
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from well cap bottom.
TotalActiveforce=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level
393.7 +
Active force upto Well cap bottom by surcharge Active force below Well cap bottom for Z depth by surcharge
445.4 + 39.2 Z +
Active Force due Active Force due
to c soil upto Well cap bottom to c soil below Well cap bottom
0.0 + 0.0 Z +
3.0 (FOS) -c
Active
upto Well cap bottom
2190.6
TotalPassiveforce=
Passive Force due Passive Force due
to c soil upto Well cap bottom to c soil below Well cap bottom upto depth Z
0.0 + 0.0 Z +
2.0 (FOS) -c
Passive Force due Passive Force due Passive Force due
upto Well cap bottom to phai soil below Well c to phai soil below Well cap bottom
upto depth Z upto depth Z
2340.0 + -1487.6 Z + 186.4 Z^2 +
2.0 2.0
Passive Force due to -ve Surcharge Passive Force due to -ve Surcharge
upto Well cap bottom by phai of soil below Well cap bottom by phai of soil
upto depth Z
-126.4 + 40.2 Z
2.0
Eqating both active and passive earth pressure :
3029.7 + 185.9 Z + 4.5 Z^2 = 2213.6 + -723.7 Z + 93.2 Z^2
816.0 + 909.6 Z + -88.7 Z^2 = 0.0
-9.2 + -10.3 Z + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = 10.3 + 11.9 = 11.1 m
2.0
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 11.1 m in layer 2 i.e. at RL 62.9 m
LiveLoadSurchargeuptoRL 62.9 m
Layer Ka = 0.3 Moment @
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 62.9 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
Deck Level
Well cap top(MSL)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)(LWLCase)uptoRL 62.9 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
Deck Level
Well cap top(MSL)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
18.3
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @
thickness
Length of well
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
Deck Level
Well cap top(MSL)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End of Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
18.3
Total 0.0 4375.2 0.0 36675.8
Total Active Force 4375.2 Total Active Moment 36675.8
8953.7
Grand total 45629.5
Passive Earth Pressure(Normal Case)(LWL Case) upto 62.9 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End of Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
7.1
Reduced Level
Layer thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End of Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 62.9 m Surcharge height = 0.251 m
Layer
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End of Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
7.1
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 62.9 (m) c
(kN.m)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End of Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
Case1
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsuptoRL 62.9 m
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 393.7 kN
Moment @ = 393.7 x ( 78.5 + -62.9 ) = 393.7 x 15.6
(Due to long. Force) = 6145.7 kNm
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 62.9 m and @ cg of Foundation Level
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P eL
1.0 Dead load
3816.7 1.2 4580.0
Total Load and moments @ RL
6648 7266.7
15.0 BackfillbehindAbutment
On Rectangular Portion (Above HFL)
Total Load and moments @ RL
10345 2940.5
17.0 Well Cap (Left elliptical
portion) 71.8
Total
Load an
LoadsandmomentsuptoRL 62.9 m
Vertical Load = 17455.6 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 2941 + 45629 + 6146 = 54715.7 kN.m
Moment, MT = 1147 + 0 + 262 + 419.4
= 1827.9 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 54716 ^2 1828 ^2 54746 kN.m
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= 10344.5 x ( 0.150 13.1 ) + 7111.1 x 13.1 = 3825.8 kNm
80.0 160.0
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 54746 + 3826 = 58572 kNm
Total Moment upto RL 62.9 m MR + Mts = 58572 kNm
Passive Resistance = 19667 < 58572
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the
steining
A
Z
P max. = P
A
= 2883.6 kPa
P min. = P - M = 17455.6 - 38905
A Z 17.3 20.8
= 1010.2 - 1873.3
= -863.1 kPa
= 0.9 < 6.1
Section is uncracked
Checkforsafetyofsection 1.0 + 1.9 = 0.4 < 1.0 Hence OK
6.3 8.3
Case2
LiveLoadSurcharge
Layer Ka = 0.3
Moment @ Reduced Level
Deck Level 81.2
5.6 6.0 10.3 347.0
29.2 1309.5
20883
Case2
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)(HFLCase)
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
29.2
Reduced Level
Layer -2c / N yz /
Deck Level
81.2
29.2
Total
PassiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Reduced Level
Layer
thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Total 0.0 19749.8 0.0 95995.8
Total Passive Force 19749.8 Total Passive Moment 95995.8
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Layer
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2)
67.0 m
MSL 67.0 6.2 65.0m
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7
End of Layer 2 65.0
End of Layer 3 63.0
Well kerb top 53.7
Foundation Level 52.0
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7 6.2 63.0 m
9.3 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7 6.2 53.7 m
15.0 6.2 52.0m
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 52.0 Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge
(m) c
(kN.m)
MSL 67.0
End of Layer 2 65.0
End of Layer 3 63.0
Well kerb top 53.7
Foundation Level 52.0
2.0 6.2 6.5 3.0 26.8 66.0 375.3
2.0 6.2 6.5 3.0 26.8 64.0 321.7
9.3 6.2 6.5 2.0 187.1 58.4 1189.1
1.7 6.2 6.7 2.0 34.9 52.9 29.7
15.0
Total 275.6 1915.8
Grand Total Passive Force 20025 Total Passive Moment 97911.6
Checkforsteining:
Case2
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from Layer 2.
TotalActiveforce=
393.7 +
797.5 +
0.0 +
3497.1 +
TotalPassiveforce=
0.0 +
298.3 +
26.8 +
Eqating both active and passive earth pressure :
4688.3 + 212.4 Z + 4.2 Z^2 = 325.1 + 311.7 Z + 86.7 Z^2
4363.3 + -99.3 Z + -82.5 Z^2 = 0.0
-52.9 + 1.2 + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = -1.2 + 14.6 = 6.7 m
2.0
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 6.7 m in layer 2 i.e. at RL 58.3 m
LiveLoadSurchargeuptoRL 58.3 m
Layer Ka = 0.3 Moment @
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 58.3 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)uptoRL 58.3 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
22.9
Reduced Level
Layer -2c / N yz /
Deck Level
81.2
22.9
Total
PassiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)uptoRL 58.3 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
8.7
Reduced Level
Layer thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 58.3 m Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Layer
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2)
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
8.7
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 58.3 (m) c
(kN.m)
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Total 271.1 1178.9
Grand Total Passive Force 6454.7 Total Passive Moment 18742.9
Case2
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsuptoRL 58.3 m
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 393.7 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.7 x ( 78.5 + -58.3 ) = 393.7 x 20.2
(Due to long. Force) = 7950.9 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 58.3 m and @ cg of Foundation Level
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P eL
1.0 Dead load
3816.7 1.2 4580.0
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom 5925.5
15.0 BackfillbehindAbutment
On Rectangular Portion (Above HFL)
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom 9589.2
17.0 Well Cap (Left elliptical
portion) 71.8
Total Loads and Moment at Well
Foundation
LoadsandmomentsuptoRL 58.3 m
Vertical Load = 18483 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 1578 + 63879 + 7951 = 73408 kN.m
Moment, MT = 214 + 0 + 262 + 419
= 895.0 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 73408 ^2 895 ^2 73413
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= 9589.2 ( 0.150 + 17.7 ) + 8893.8 x 17.7 = 4539.3 kNm
80.0 160.0
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 73413 + 4539 = 77952 kNm
Total Moment upto RL 58 m MR + Mts = 77952 kNm
Passive Resistance = 18743 < 77952
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the steining = 77952 + -18742.9
= 59210 kN
P max. = P + M = 18483 + 59210
A Z 17.3 20.8
= 1070 + 2851
= 3921 kPa
P min. = P - M = 18483 - 59210
A Z 17.3 20.8
= 1070 - 2851
Checkforsafetyofsection
Case3
= -1781 kPa
= 1.78 < 6.10
Section is uncracked
1.1 + 2.9 = 0.5 < 1.0 Hence OK
6.3 8.3
LiveLoadSurcharge(SeismicCase)(LWLCase)
Layer Ka = 0.3
Moment @ Reduced Level
Deck Level 81.2
5.2 6.0 10.3 321.7
-4.0 6.0 10.3 -246.8
72.0 -4935.1
29.2 1309.5
20883
ActiveEarthPressure(SeismicCase)(LWLCase)
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2) Deck Level 81.2 0.0
5.2 0.0 25.0 2.5 18.0 0.0 38.0
Well cap top(Assumed RSL) 76.0 38.0
6.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 18.0 0.0 81.7
LWL 70.0 81.7
-4.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 65.6
Well cap bottom 74.0 65.6
1.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 69.6
End Layer 1 73.0 69.6
6.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 93.9
RSL 67.0 93.9
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 102.0
End of Layer 2 65.0 102.0
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 110.1
End of Layer 3 63.0 110.1
9.3 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 147.9
Well kerb top 53.7 147.9
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 154.8
Foundation Level 52.0
29.2
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @ Moment @ Moment @
thickness c 52.0 52.0 76.0 76.0 c
(kN) (kN) (m) (m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
Deck Level 81.2 0.0
5.2 0.0 38.0 10.3 1.0 0.0 1.0 1012.4 78.6 77.7 0.0 26042.0 0.0 1754.8
Well cap top(Assumed RSL) 76.0 38.0
6.0 0.0 81.7 10.3 1.0 0.0 1.0 3675.8 73.0 72.6 0.0 75831.4 0.0 0.0
LWL 70.0 81.7
-4.0 0.0 65.6 10.3 1.6 0.0 1.6 -1882.6 72.0 71.9 0.0 -37504.8
Well cap bottom 74.0 65.6
1.0 0.0 69.6 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 274.6 73.5 73.5 0.0 5898.9
End Layer 1 73.0 69.6
6.0 0.0 93.9 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 1984.8 70.0 69.9 0.0 35436.4
RSL 67.0 93.9
2.0 0.0 102.0 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 795.7 66.0 66.0 0.0 11138.8
End of Layer 2 65.0 102.0
2.0 0.0 110.1 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 861.6 64.0 64.0 0.0 10339.8
End of Layer 3 63.0 110.1
9.3 0.0 147.9 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 4880.8 58.4 58.1 0.0 29914.7
Well kerb top 53.7 147.9
1.7 0.0 154.8 6.7 1.6 0.0 1.6 1069.4 52.9 52.8 0.0 902.1
Foundation Level 52.0
29.2
Total 0.0 12672.4 0.0 157999.3 0.0 1754.8
Total Active Force 12672.4 Total Active Moment 157999.3 1754.8
20883.2 836.3
Grand total 178882.5 2591.1
PassiveEarthPressure(SeismicCase)(LWLCase)
Layer
Reduced
LWL
70.0
18.0
Reduced Level
Layer 2c * N yz *
LWL
70.0
18.0
Total
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Layer 70.0 m
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2)
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
LWL 70.0
74.0 m
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
18.0
63.0m
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 52.0 (m) c
53.7 m
(kN.m) 52.0m
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Total 395.1 2912.6
Grand Total Passive Force 39372 Total Passive Moment 251652.9
Checkforsteining:
Case3
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from well cap bottom.
Totalactiveforce=
574.4 +
445.4 +
0.0 +
2805.6 +
TotalPassiveforce=
0.0 + 0.0 Z +
2925.0 +
158.0 +
Eqating both active and passive earth pressure :
3825.3 + 305.5 Z + 8.2 Z^2 = 2767.0 + -904.7 Z + 116.5 Z^2
1058.3 + 1210.2 Z + -108.3 Z^2 = 0.0
-9.8 + -11.2 Z + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = 11.2 + 12.8 = 12.0 m
2.0
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 12.0 m in layer 2 i.e. at RL 62.0 m
LiveLoadSurchargeuptoRL 62.0 m
Layer Ka = 0.3 Moment @
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 62.0 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top(MSL)
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Foundation Level
Active Earth Pressure(Seismic Case)(LWL Case) upto R 62.0 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
Deck Level
Well cap top(Assumed RSL)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
19.2
Reduced Level
Layer thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
Deck Level
Well cap top(Assumed RSL)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
19.2
Total 0.0 4946.4 0.0 41451.6
Total Active Force 4946.4 Total Active Moment 41451.6
9765.9
Grand total 51217.4
Passive Earth Pressure(Seismic Case)(LWL Case) upto 62.0 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
8.0
Reduced Level
Layer thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 62.0 m Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Layer
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
8.0
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 62.0 (m) c
(kN.m)
LWL
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Case3
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsuptoRL 62.0 m
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 574 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.4 x ( 78.5 + -62.0 ) = 574.4 x 16.5
(Due to long. Force) = 9486.2 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled = (
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 62.0 m and @ cg of Foundation Level
S.No. Item
Volume Unit Wt. P eL
1.0 Dead load
3816.7 1.2 4580.0
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom 6648.0
15.0 BackfillbehindAbutment
On Rectangular Portion (Above HFL)
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom
17.0 Well Cap (Left elliptical
portion) 71.8
Total Loads and Moment at Well
Foundation
LoadsandmomentsuptoRL 62.0 m
= ######
Vertical Load
Moment, ML = 2941 + 51217 + 9486 + 52 + 729.5
= 64425 kN.m
Moment, MT = 587 + 0 + 268 + 430 = 1284.7 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 64425 ^2 1285 ^2 64438
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= ( 10344.5 + 149 ( 0.150 + 14 ) + ( 7463 + 0 ) x 14.0
80 160.0
= 4062 kNm
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 64438 + 4062 = 68500 kNm
Total Moment upto RL 62 m MR + Mts = 68500 kNm
Passive Resistance = 13678 < 68500
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the steining = 68500 + -13678.3
= 54822 kN
P max. = P + M = 17956.1 + 54822
A Z 17.3 21
= 1039.2 + 2640
= 3679.0 kPa
P min. = P - M = 17956.1 - 54822
A Z 17.3 21
= 1039.2 - 2639.8
= -1601 kPa
= 1.6 < 6.1
Section is uncracked
Checkforsafetyofsection 1.0 + 2.6 = 0.5 < 1.0 Hence OK
6.3 8.3
Case4
LiveLoadSurcharge
Layer Ka = 0.279
Moment @ Reduced Level
Deck Level 81.2
5.6 6.0 10.3 347.0
29.2 1309.5
20883.2
Case4
ActiveEarthPressure(SeismicCase)(HFLCase)
Reduced Level
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Reduced Level
Layer -2c / N yz /
Deck Level
81.2
29.2
Total
PassiveEarthPressure(SeismicCase)
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
15.0
Reduced Level
Layer thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Total 0.0 24687.3 0.0 119994.8
Total Passive Force 24687.3 Total Passive Moment 119994.8
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Layer
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) 67.0m
RSL 67.0
2.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 14.4
End of Layer 2 65.0 14.4 65.0 m
2.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 14.4
End of Layer 3 63.0
9.3 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 14.4 63.0 m
Well kerb top 53.7 14.4
1.7 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 14.4
Foundation Level 52.0
14.4 53.7 m
15.0
14.4 52.0m
Reduced Level
Well cap top(MSL)
Well cap bottom
End of Layer 1
Well kerb top
End Layer 2
Total 879.8 6589.0
Grand Total Passive Force 25567.1 Total Passive Moment 126583.8
Checkforsteining:
Case4
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from RSL.
TotalActiveforce=
574.4 +
719.1 +
0.0 +
3165.3 +
TotalPassiveforce=
0.0 +
0.0 +
0.0 + 93.5 Z
1.6
Eqating both active and passive earth pressure :
4458.8 + 237.5 Z + 4.5 Z^2 = 0.0 + 58.5 Z + 93.2 Z^2
4458.8 + 179.1 Z + -88.7 Z^2 = 0.0
-50.3 + -2.0 Z + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = 2.0 + 14.3 = 8.2 m
2.0
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 8.2 m from RSL i.e. at RL 58.8 m
LiveLoadSurchargeuptoRL 58.8 m
Layer Ka = 0.3 Moment @
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 58.8 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
MSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)uptoRL 58.8 m
Reduced Level
Deck Level
HFL
Well cap top
Well cap bottom
End Layer 1
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Reduced Level
Layer -2c / N yz /
Deck Level
81.2
22.3
Total
PassiveEarthPressure(SeismicCase)uptoRL 58.8 m
Layer
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
8.2
Reduced Level
Layer thickness
(kN) (kN)
(m) (m)
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Total 0.0 2674.2 0.0 7284.9
Total Passive Force 2674.2 Total Passive Moment 7284.9
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 58.8 m Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Reduced Level
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
8.2
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 58.8 (m) c
(kN.m)
RSL
End of Layer 2
End of Layer 3
Well kerb top
Foundation Level
Case4
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsuptoRL 58.8 m
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 574.4 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.4 x ( 78.5 + -58.8 ) = 574.4 x 19.7
(Due to long. Force) = 11299.3 kN
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
Due to 70 R Wheeled =
Due to Class A =
Due to FPLL =
Due to SIDL =
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 58.8 m and @ cg of Foundation Level
S.No. Item Volume Unit Wt. P eL ML
1.0 Dead
load
2.0 SIDL
3.0 FPLL
4.0 Reaction
from
class A
1 Lane
5.0 Thickeni
ng of
6.0 Dirt wall
7.0 Abutme
nt
8.0 Uniform
portion
9.0 Trianglu
ar
10.0 Abutme
nt Shaft
11.0 Abutme
nt Shaft
12.0 Return
Wall
13.0 Return
Wall
14.0 Railing
over
Total Load and moments at Abutment Shaft Bottom 5925.5 6396.8
15.0 BackfillbehindAbutment
On Rectangular Portion (Above HFL)
Total Load and moments at Abutment
Shaft Bottom 9589
17.0 Well Cap (Left elliptical
portion) 71.8
Total Loads and Moment at Well
Foundation
LoadsandmomentsuptoRL 58.8 m
Vertical Load = 18279 + 141 = 18420 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 1578 + 87943 + 11299 + 48 + 906
= 101774 kN.m
Moment, MT = 109 + 0 + 268 + 430 = 807 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 101774 ^2 807 ^2 = 101777
MomentduetoTilt&Shift
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= ( 9589.2 + 141.0 x ( 0.150 17.1 ) + ( 8689.9 + 0.0 ) x 17.1
80.0 160.0
= 4476.8 kNm
MR Mts
Total Resultant Moment = 101777 + 4477 = 106254 kNm
Total Moment upto RL
Passive Resistance
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the
steining = 106254
P max. =
P min. =
= 3.6 <
6.1
Checkforsafetyofsection
SummaryofLoadsandMomentsatAbutmentShaftBase
Load (kN) 6670.8 6670.8
ML (kN.m) 5407.2 6507.3
SummaryofBasePressureatWellFoundationLevel
LWL with max. LL Normal case
HFL with min. LL Normal case
LWL with max. LL Seismic case
HFL with min. LL Seismic case
Reinforcementinabutmentwellsteining
Since steining is in compression only minimum reinfrocement shall
be provided as per Cl. 708.3.4
Steining Area = 42.25 - 20.25 = 17.279 m sq
4
a.longitudinalreinforcememt
@ 0.12% of X-section area = 0.12 x 17.279 x 1000000
100
= 20734.5115 mm2
Longitudinal reinf. Shall be distributed equally on both faces of steining.
Area of steel for each face = 20734.51 = 10367 mm2
2
Provide 36.000 bars of 20.000 mm dia at each face ( Providing = 11310 mm^2 Hence OK
b.Transversereinforcement.
@ .04% by volume =
Length of one set (one inner+one outer) hoopbars
= 2 x x ( 6.5 + 4.5 ) = 34.557519 m
2
Using 10 mm
34.5575192 x 0.62 = 21.306009 Kg
> No of sets/m of stg= 54.26 = 2.5 nos
21.30601
> spacing req = 1000 = 392.7 mm
2.5
> Provide Hoop bars @ 300 c/c on each face. Hence OK
DesignofWellCurb
Volume of well kerb = 21.60 m^3
Min. reinforcement in terms of wt. = 72.00 kg / m^3 x 21.60 = 1555.15 kg
Provide 18.00 Nos. 25.00 dia bar around the periphery. No. of bars in top layer = 5.00
72.00 Nos. of stirrups 12.00 dia in well kerb. No. of bars in bottom layer = 1.00
72.00 sets 6.00 Nos. of links 12.00 dia in one set. Clear cover = 75.00 mm
Unit wt. of steel = 7850.00 kg / m^3
925.0
225.0
1550.00
65.00
Barmark 1.00 to 7.00 7.00 Dia = 6451.00
=
Barmark 8.00 to
= 3.14 x 5575.00 x 3.85 x 5.00 = 337.27 kg
Barmark 13.00 to 18.00 6.00 Dia = 5624.00
= 3.14 x 5624.00 x 3.85 x 6.00 = 408.29 kg
Balance to be provided in the form of
stirups and ties
Check for the Percentage of remaining
steel
Wt.ofstirrups
925
225.0
1550.0
1579.6
65.00
Stirrups
Perimetre of one stirrups = 4344.63 mm
Links
Average Length of one link = 462.50 mm
Total Length of all the links =
Total length of the one set of strip and
link
Weight Per Set
Total no of sets required
Total no of sets provided
Total weight of all the provided sets = 6.32 x 72.00 = 454.87 Kg
Total wt. of reinforcement provided in curb = 1291.94 + 454.87 = 1747 > 1555 kg
Hence OK
DesignofReturnWall
Design of Abutment Well
0.300 m 3.500 m X
0.300 m
y
1 dy
1.5
2.633 m
X
Earth pressure due to live load surcharge = 0.279 x 18.000 x 1.200 = 6.035 kN/m^2
Taking a strip of thickness "dy" at a depth "y" from top.
Earth pressure on this strip = 0.279 x 18.000 x y = 5.029 y kN/m^2
dMx = ( 6.035 + 5.029 y ) dy { 1.500 x ( 2.633 -y ) } ^2 / 2
Mx = ( 6.035 + 5.029 y ) dy ( 1.125 ) x ( 6.934 + y^2 -5.267 y )
= 1.125 x ( 41.850 + 6.035 y^2 -31.785 y + 34.875 y +
+ 5.029 y^3 + -26.487 y^2 ) dy
= 1.125 x ( 5.029 y^3 + -20.452 y^2 + 3.090 y + 41.850 ) dy
After integrating , we get
= 1.125 x ( 1.257 y^4 + -6.817 y^3 + 1.545 y^2 + 41.850 y
= 1.125 x ( 1.257 x 2.633 ^4 + -6.817 x 2.633 ^3 +
+ 1.545 x 2.633 ^2 + 41.850 x 2.633
= 1.125 x ( 60.459 + -124.490 + 10.714 + 110.204 )
= 1.125 x 56.888
Mx = 63.999 kN.m
Mx = 63.999 = 24.303 kN.m /m
2.633
Adopting steel bars Dia. 12 mm and clear cover of 50.000 mm.
Available effective depth = 300 -50.000 -6.000
= 244.000 mm
Required Ast = 24.303 x 1000000 = 567.22 mm^2 / m
200 x 0.878 x 244.000
Provide 12.000 mm dia bar @ 150.000 mm c/c horizontally on earth face. ( Provided steel = 753.98 mm^2/m )
Provide 10.000 mm dia bar @ 150.000 mm c/c horizontally on other face. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
Provide 10.000 mm dia bar @ 150.000 mm c/c vertically on both faces. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
This return will also bend in a vertical plane due to its self wt.
Mx = 0.500 x ( 0.300 + 2.633 ) x 3.500 x 0.300 x 24.000 x 1.286
Mx = 0.500 x ( 2.933 ) x 32.407 = 47.530 kN.m
Moment due to railing = 3.500 x 3.000 x 1.750 = 18.375 kN.m
Moment due to railing kerb = 0.300 x 0.450 x 3.500 x 24.000 x 1.750 = 19.845 kN.m
Total moment at vertical plane = 47.530 + 18.375 + 19.845 = 85.750 kN.m
Checkforeffectivedepth
85750000.00 = 1.844 x 300.000 x d ^2
d ^2 = 8.58E+07 = 155007.23
1.844 x 300.000
d = 393.710 mm < 2633.33 (Hence |OK)
Adopting steel bars Dia. 20 mm and clear cover of 50.000 mm.
provide reinforcement at top in two layers
Available effective depth = 2633.33 -50.000 -20.000 -25.000
= 2538.33 mm
Required Ast
Check: This steel should not be less than 0.200 % of bt.d as per 305.16 of IRC : 21.
0.200 x 2633.33 x 300.00 = 1580.00 mm^2
100.000
Governing steel at top of cantilever return = 1580.0 mm^2
Provide 6.000
bars of
Provide
3.000
bars of
Kangsabati 93/1 on NH - 6
DesignofDirtWall
Dirt wall will be designed as a vertical cantilever.
Surcharge Pressure
0.279 x 18.00 x 1.20 = 6.04 kN/m^2
6.04
2.98 m
14.97 kN/m^2
EarthPressureDiagram
Intensity for = 0.279 x 18.00 x 1.20 = 6.04 kN/m^2
rectangular portion
F1
Intensity for triangular portion
F2
Total F
Moment @ RL 78.213 m (at dirt wall base)
M1 =
M2
Total M (a
=
t dirt wall
HL =
Total moment at the base of dirt wall = 559.96 kN.m
= 559.96 = 54.63 kN.m/m
10.25
Thickness of dirtwall = 0.30 m
Adorting clear cover on either face = 50.00 mm
(a)Verticalsteelonearthface
Adopting steel bars Dia. = 20.00 mm
Available effective depth = 300.00 -50.00 -10.00
= 240.00 mm
Rquired effctive depth = 54.63 x 1.00E+06 = 172.12 mm < 240.00
1.84 x 1000.00 OK
Required Ast
= 54.63
200.00
Increasing this by 50% to resist the increased tensile forces due to non linear stress pattern above the bracket.( as suggested by note 8 of enclosure to
Ministry of Surface Transport (India) Circular no. RW/NH - 34015 / 2 / 86 - S & R dated 22.6.94)
Required Ast = 1.50 x 1296.28 = 1944.43 mm^2/m
Minimum steel = 0.06 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 180.00 mm^2/m
100.00
Governing vertical steel at earth face = 1944.4 mm^/m
Provide 16.00 mm dia bar @ 100.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 2010.6 mm^2/m )
(b)Distributionsteelonearthface
Adopting distribution steel bars Dia. = 10.00 mm
Available effective depth = 300.00 -50.00 -16.00 -5.00 = 229.00 mm
0.30 M = 0.30 x 54.63 = 16.39 kN.m/m
Required Ast
Minimum steel
Governing vertical steel at earth face = 407.57 mm^/m
Provide 10.00 mm dia bar @ 150.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
(c)Verticalsteelonotherface
0.12 % of cross section
Minimum Reinforcement = 0.12 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 360.00 mm^2/m
100.00
Provide 12.00 mm dia bar @ 150.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 753.98 mm^2/m )
(d)Distributionsteelonotherface
Adopting distribution steel bars Dia. = 10.00 mm
0.06% of cross section
Minimum distribution steel = 0.06 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 180.00 mm^2/m
100.00
Provide 10.00 mm dia bar @ 150.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
SUMMARYOFLOADSANDMOMENTSATTHEBASEOFABUTMENTSHAFT
S.No. Case
A) Normal
Case
1.00 LWL
Conditio
2.00 HFL
Conditio
B) Seismic
Case(L
3.00 LWL
Conditio
4.00 HFL
Conditio
CheckForCracked/UncrackedSection
Length of the Section = 1025.00 cm
Width of the Section = 100.00 cm
Gross Area of Section (Ag) = 1025.00 x 100.00
= 1.03E+05 cm^2
Gross M.O.I. of Section ( Igxx ) = 8.54E+07 cm^4
Gross M.O.I. of Section ( Igyy ) = 8.97E+09 cm^4
Y
X X
100.00 cm
Y
1025.00 cm
AbutmentSection
TransformedSectionalPropertiesofSection
Adopting
Modular ratio , m = 10.00
(Both in Tension as well in Compression)
Dia. of Bars
No. of Bars on each longer face of
Dia. of Bars
No. of Bars on each longer face of
No. of Bars on each Shorter face of
Abutment(both face) =
Total bars in Section = 172.00
Steel Area As = 436.30 cm^2
% of Steel = 0.43 % Effective Cover = 7.00 cm
Y
251.33 cm^2
12.06 cm^2 43.00 cm
X X
505.50 cm
Y
Asx = 251.33 cm^2 Asy = 12.06 cm^2
Area of concrete , Ac = Ag - As
=
C.G. of Steel placed on longer face =
C.G. of Steel placed on shorter face =
Transformed Area of Section Atfm=
Transformed M.Itxx. = Igxx+2(m-
1).Asx . ax^2
= #######
Zxx = Itxx/(d/2)
Transformed M.Iyy. = Igyy+2*(m-
1).As . ay^2
Ityy = #######
Zyy = Iyy/(d/2)
PermissibleStresses
Minimum Gross Moment of Inertia , Imin. = 8.54E+07 cm^4
Area of Section = 1.03E+05 cm^2
Hence Least radius of Gyration,r = Imin/Ag = 0.29 m
EffectiveLengthofAbutmentShaft(ReferNotes:(2)and(3)atPage42ofIRC:21-1987)
Abutment Shaft Height ,L= 2.22 m
Effective length , leff.
Slenderness ratio (leff./r)=
Type of Member
StressreductionCoefficient (Refer cl: 306.4.3of IRC:21)
1.00
PermissibleStresses(kg/cm^2)forM35GradeofConcrete
cbc 116.67 Kg/cm^2
co 87.50 Kg/cm^2
Basic tensile Stress -6.70 Kg/cm^2
PermissibleStresses(kg/cm^2)forS415GradeofSteel
st -2000.00 Kg/cm^2
CheckforCracked/UncrackedSectionofAbutmentShaft
S. No.
(1). (2) (3)
Note:- The design for cracked section in the succeeding pages has been carried out as per computer
programme, which is based on "Behaviour of columns and walls" in the book entitled " Reinforced Concrete
Structural Elements " by P. Purushothaman .
ProvisionOfBindersandTies
As per clause 306.3.2 the diameter of transverse reinforcement of any type should not be less than one
quarter the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar in the column and in no case less than 8 mm
The diameter of the main longitudinal bar is 20 mm, hence required dia of transverse reinforcement is 10 mm
However provide 10 mm dia binders and ties.
As per clause 306.3.3 of IRC: 21- 1987 the pitch of transverse reinforcement should not exceed
(i) 300.00 mm
(ii) The least
lateral
(iii) 12 times
the dia of
Provide #
10 mm dia
Copy of Abutment_well
DesignofAbutmentCap(M-35)
As the cap is fully supported on the abutment. Minimum thickness of the cap required as per cl. 716.2.1 of IRC : 78- 1983 is 225 mm.
However the thickness of abutment cap is kep 900.0 mm.
Assuming a cap thickness of 225.0 mm
Volume of abutment cap = 225.0 x 1350.0 x 10250.0 = 3113437500 mm^3
As per cl 716.2.1 of IRC : 78 - 1983
Quantity of steel = 1.0 % of volume
= 1.0 x 3113437500 = 31134375 mm^3
100.0
Quantity of steel to be provided at top = 15567188 mm^3
Quantity of steel to be provided at bottom = 15567188 mm^3
TopFace
(a)Longitudnalsteel
Quantity of steel to be provided in longitudnal direction = 7783593.8 mm^3
Assuming a clear cover of
Length of bar
Area of steel required in longitudnal
direction
Provide 10.0 bar of 16.0 mm dia bar as longitudnal steel on top face of abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 2010.6 mm^2
(b)Transversesteel
Quantity of steel to be provided in transverse direction = 7783593.8 mm^3
Quantity of steel required = 7783593.8 = 766856.5 mm^3/m
10.2
Adopting 16.0 mm dia bar and clear cover 50.0 mm
Length of each stirrups = 1350.0 -100.0 = 1250.0 mm
Volume of each stirrup = x 16.0 ^2 x 1250.0 = 251327 mm^3
4.0
No. of stirrups required in per m length = 3.1 ( say 4.0 )
Required spacing = 1000.0 = 250.0 mm
4.0
Provide 16.0 mm dia bar @ 150.0 mm c/c stirrups throughout in length of abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 1340.4 mm^2/m )
Same steel will be provided at bottom also
Provide 10.0 bar of 16.0 mm dia bar as longitudnal steel on bottom face of abutment cap. ( Provided steel 2010.6 mm^2
Provide 16.0 mm dia bar @ 150.0 mm c/c stirrups throughout in length of the abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 1340.4 mm^2/m )
DesignofAbutmentWellcap
Outer dia of well
Inner dia of well
The well cap has been designed as partillay restrained at supports and following coefficients have been adopted for the design of circular well cap under uniformly distibuted load.
Sagging moment at bottom = WD^2
30.00 W = Uniformly distributed load on well cap
D = Effective diameter of well
Hogging moment at top = WD^2
60.00
The load transmitted by abutment is assumed to have been dispersed at 45 degree upto effective depth of well cap.
Effective dia of well = 6.50 + 4.50 = 5.50 m
(Av. of inner & outer dia) 2.00
Effective depth of well cap = 1.89 m Thickness of steining = 1.00 m
Effective dia = 4.50 + 1.00 x 1.89 = 6.39 m
(Inner dia + eff. depth)
Hence,Effective dia = 5.50 m
Normalcase...........LWLCaseWithMax.CWLL
CalculationforLoadsandMomentsatabutmentShaftBottom
LongitudnalHorizontalForce(HL)=
Moment at Abutment (from left span) = 393.68 x ( 78.51 -75.99 ) = 393.68 x 2.52 = 993.0 kN
(Due to long. Force)
Moment"MT"duetoTransverseLiveLoadEccentricity
70 R Wheeled
Class A 1 lane
SIDL
FPLL
Vertical Loads (P) and their Moments (ML) along L-L Axis
At RL @ 75.99 m and @ cg of Pier Shaft
S.No. Item
1.00
Dead
load
2.00 SIDL
3.00 FPLL
4.00 Reaction
from
class A
1 Lane
5.00 Thickeni
ng of
6.00 Dirt wall
7.00 Abutme
nt
8.00 Uniform
portion
9.00 Trianglu
ar
10.00 Abutme
nt Shaft
11.00 Abutme
nt Shaft
12.00 Return
Wall
13.00 Return
Wall
14.00 Railing
over
15.00
LoadsandmomentsatAbutmentShaftBottom
Vertical Load
Moment, ML
Moment, MT
Equation of the ellipse is given by X2 + Y 2 = 1.00
A 2 B 2
At X =
Y^2 = 0.00 Y = 0.00 m
5.13 ^2 ** on elliptical side only
Dispersion width
Abutment length
Dispersion length (Elliptical side) = 10.25 + 2.00 x 0.00 = 5.13 m
2.00
Dispersion length (Rect. side) = 10.25 m
Dispersion area for both side = 2.39 x 5.13 + 2.39 x 10.25 = 36.71 m2
Backfill above well cap in 1.89 from the face of abutment shaft = 10.25 x 1.89 x 5.20 x 18.00 = 1810.87 kN
eL of backfill = -0.69 m
Front fill above well cap in
Total weight of well cap (on dispersed
area)
Total wt. above well cap / m^2
Self wt. of well cap / m^2
= (
Total weight (including well cap) / m^2
TransverseAnalysis
Length of cantilever from cL of well
steining
Total transverse moment through
abutment
Total transverse moment through
abutment / m length
To resist this moment a couple will be
formed with reaction
at one support upward and at other
support downward
(+ve) moment at centre due to formation
of this couple
(-ve) moment at centre due to formation
of this couple
Sagging moment at center due to well
cap =
Hogging moment at center due to well
cap =
TransverseHoggingmomentifwellcapconsideredisinscribedsquare:
Outer dia of well
Side of inscribed square
Max. projection of cantilever
Hogging moment at center due to well
cap =
Total Sagging moment at centre
Total Hogging moment at centre
LongitudnalAnalysis
Total Longitudnal moment through
abutment
Total Longitudnal moment transfered
from backfill
Total Longitudnal moment transfered
from frontfill
Total Longitudnal moment
Total Longitudinal moment through abutment / m length = 4577.08 = 893.09 kN.m / m
5.13
To resist this moment a couple will be
formed with reaction
at one support upward and at other
support downward
(+ve) moment at centre due to formation
of this couple =
(+ve) moment at centre due to formation
of this couple =
Sagging moment at center due to well cap = 264.78 x 5.50 ^2= 266.99 kN.m
30.00
Hogging moment at center due to well cap = 264.78 x 5.50 ^2= -133.49 kN.m
60.00
Total Sagging moment at centre = 266.99 + 365.35 = 632.34 kN.m
Total Hogging moment at centre = 133.49 = 133.49 kN.m
Design Sagging moment = 632.34 kN.m
Design Hogging moment = 1057.98 kN.m
Assume dia of bar = 25.00 Dia of bar
Effect of load upto abutment shaft bottom = 2000.00 -75.00 -25.00 -12.50 = 1887.50 mm
Required effective depth = 1057.98 x 1000000.00 = 757.46 < 1887.50 mm
1.84 x 1000.00 Hence OK
Ast required = 1057.98 x 1000000.00 = 3192.02 mm^2 /m
200.00 x 0.88 x 1887.50
Provide 25.00 mm dia @ 150.00 c/c in both direction at top and bottom, provided 3272.49 mm^2 Hence OK
Checkforshear
Total udl on well cap = 28.00 + 236.78 = 264.78 kN / m^2
Shear will be checked at a distance of effective depth from the face of the steining.
Distance of section to be checked for shear(from centre) = 0.363 m
Width of abutment = 1.00 m
The section for the check of shear is under the Abutment
Total load on well cap = 3.14 x ( 5.06 + 0.13 ) x 264.78 = 4320.45 kN
4320.45
Perimeter of the dia = 2.00 x 3.14 x ( 2.75 + -2.39 ) = 2.28 m
Load / m = 4320.45 = 1896.89 kN / m
2.28
Load /m due to moment = 70.71 kN / m
Total shear force = 1896.89 + 70.71 = 1967.60 kN
Shear stress
e
PermissibleShearStress:
Area of tension reinforcement
Here,
So,for Asx100/ bxd = 0.17 c = 0.199
FromIRC:21-2000,Table12B,
Permissible Shear Stress,
-2000,Table12C,
So, permissible shear stress,
FromIRC:21
Assume Shear Reinforcement provided @ 150.00 mm spacing along the length of well Cap.
Shear Reinforcement shall be provided to carry a shear Vs=V- c.b.d
= 1967.60 - 0.199 x 1.888 x 1.000
= 1591.32 kN
Shear Reinforcement Required = 1591.32 x 1000.00 x 150.00 = 632.31 mm^2
200.00 x 1887.50
Provide 2.00 legged 16.00 dia bar @ 150.00 mm along the Length of Well Cap.( Providing 402.12 mm^2)
Copy of Abutment_well
CalculationofBearingCapacityofWellFoundation
AvailableData
Well Cap Top Level = 75.990 m Well Cap Bottom Level = 73.99 m
Foundation Level = 52.000 m MSL = 67.013 m
Diameter of well at foundation Lvl = 6.650 m Factor of Safety = 2.5
MSL Found. Lvl.
Le Df. = 67.013 - 52.000 = 15.013 m
SoilParametersavailableatFoundationLevel
c
(radians)
'
N tan(45 + = 1.570
Overburden Surc q = 8.000 x 15.013 = 120.104 kN/m^2 = 12.01 t/m^2
' x Df. )
ShapeFactors:- ( For circular base ) InclinationFactors:-
s c
=
s q =
s =
DepthFactors ( For circular base )
d 1.000 + 0.200
B
1.000 + 0.200 x 15.013 x 1.570
6.650
d c = 1.709
As 25 ) > 10 deg.
d 1.000 + 0.100
B
1.000 + 0.100 x 15.013 x 1.570
6.650
d q = 1.354
d 1.000 + 0.100
B
1.000 + 0.100 x 15.013 x 1.570
6.650
d 1.354
w ' = 0.5 ( As per Cl: 5.1.2.4 of IS: 6403-1984 )
NetUltimateBearingCapacity ( for cohesionless Soil )
q d = q . (Nq - 1) . sq . dq . iq + (1/2) . B sv . dv . iv . w'
= 12.010
+ 5.320 x 10.876 x 0.600 x 1.354 x 1.000 x 0.5
2
= 188.604 + 11.755 = 200.359 t/m^2
SBC = q d = 200.358529 = 80.143 t/m^2
FOS 2.500
Stability of Well Foundation and steining stresses have been checked for the following four cases:-
(2) Normal HFL case with Minimum CWLL (3) Seismic LWL case with Maximum CWLL (4) Seismic HFL case with Minimum CWLL
Total Length of Bridge = 122.35
m
Abutment Cap Bottom Level = 77.313 m
Well Cap Top Level = 75.99 m
Well Cap Bottom Level = 73.99 m
Maximum Scour Level = 67.013 m
Raised Scour Level = 67.87 m
Well Kerb Top Level = 53.7 m
Width of Abutment cap(Uniform portion) 1.35 m
Width of Abutment = 1 m
Thickness of Cantilever Return = 0.3 m
Cantilever at tip of Return wall = 0.3 m
Expansion Gap at Either end = 0.05 m
Inner Diameter of Well Foundation = 4.5 m
Height of Bottom Sump = 1 m
Inner projection at Foundation Level = 0.15 m
Thickness of uniform dia. below well kerb top = 0.3 m
Height of crash barrier = 0.85 m
Projection from C/Lof bearing on abutment side = 0.6 m
Projection from C/L of bearing on Pier side = 1.025 m
Thickness of wearing coat = 0.065 m
Max.Reactionatotherend
Due to 70 R Wheeled
= 104.18
kN
+
Due to class A 1 Lane
= 0
kN
Min.Reactionatotherend
Due to 70 R Wheeled
= 833.02
kN
+
Due to class A 1 Lane
= 0
kN
=
171.233 KN
=
0 KN
Due to SIDL
=
0.45 m
Due to FPLL(one side only ,if loaded)
=
4.25 m
Dry Wt. of Conc.
=
24
KN/m
3
Grade of steel
=
200.000
MPa
KN/m
2
R value for
M35 conc.
=
j value for
M35 conc.
=
Vertical seismic coefficient = 0.024
3.500 m 1.000 m 2.000 m
67.0 m MSL 1.000 Intermediate Plug in M 25 Concrete
Length = 10.250 m Width = 1.000 m Height = 1.323 m
Diameter = 4.500 m Thickness = 0.500 m Bottom Level = 67.013 m
Outer Dia. = 6.500 m Steining Thickness = 1.000 m Inner Dia. = 4.500 m
=
=
=
=
=
Volume = 5.000 x 1.200 x 0.113 = 0.675 m^3
= 10.250 x 0.300 x 2.977 = 9.156 m^3
=
=
= 10.250 x 1.000 x 1.733 = 17.758 m^3
= 10.250 x 1.000 x -0.410 = -4.202 m^3
Left rectangular portion = 10.250 x 3.500 x 2.000 = 71.750 m^3
Rectangular portion = 10.250 x 1.000 x 2.000 = 20.500 m^3
Right elliptical portion = x 5.125 x 2.000 x 2.000 = 32.201 m^3
3.000 x 3.142 9.425
= x 4.500 ^2 x 0.500 = 7.952 m^3
Area = x ( 6.500 ^2 - 4.500 ^2 ) = 17.279 m^2
Volume = 17.279 x 20.290 = 350.59 m^3
Area = x ( 6.500 ^2 - 4.500 ^2 ) = 17.279 m^2
Volume = 17.279 x 11.089 = 191.596 m^3
Volume = 17.279 x 15.674 = 270.83 m^3
Volume = 17.279 x 11.993 = 207.22 m^3
Volume = 17.279 x 15.149 = 261.76 m^3
= x 4.500 ^2 x ( 0.300 + 0.300 ) = 9.543 m^3
Height h = = 1.400 m
Volume = h x ( A1 + A2 + A1.A2 ) = 32.674 m^3
Total Volume of Bottom Plug = 42.217 m^3
= x ( 6.650 ^2 x 1.700 -4.500 ^2 x 0.300 ) -32.674 = 21.599 m^3
Volume = 10.250 x 3.500 x 5.610 = 201.259 m^3
Volume = 10.250 x 3.500 x -0.410 = -14.709 m^3
= x 4.500 ^2 x 13.013 = 206.96 m^3
Area = x ( 6.650 ^2 - 6.500 ^2 ) = 1.549 m^2
4.000
(2R -1.000 ) x 1.000 = 3.175 x 3.175
Volume of sump = x h^2 (R-h/3) = 16.358 m^3
Total Hori. Distance between free end (Cantilever Return) from Abutment Shaft edge(River Side) = 1.000 + 3.500 = 4.500 m
Height from Deck Level to the RL of starting of front pitching slope = 4.500 = 3.000 m
RL of point from which front slope pitching starts = 81.125 -0.300 -3.000 = 77.825 m
RL of point for front pitching above the well cap edge (River side) = 77.825 -2.000 = 76.492 m
RL of point for frontpitching above the well cap edge (River side) 1.888 m from face = 77.825 -1.888 = 76.567 m
Average height of Front fill pitching = 77.825 -75.990 + 76.492 -75.990
Average height of Front fill pitching = 77.825 -75.990 + 76.567 -75.990
Major Semi Axis = ( 6.500 -2.000 ) x 2.000 = 3.000 m
Minor Semi Axis = 2.000 m
Area in Plan of Front Fill = x 5.125 x 2.000 x 0.500 = 16.101 m ^2
Volume of Front Fill on Well cap = 16.101 x 1.168 18.8 m ^3
C.G. of Front Fill From Abutment Face = 4 R = 4.000 x 2.000 = 8.000 = 0.849 m
3.000 x 3.142 9.425
Zone
factor
0.36
0.24
0.16
0.1
T = Fundamental period of the bridge member (in sec.)
D = appropriate dead load of the superstructure , and live load in KN
F = Horizontal force in KN required to be applied at the center of mass of the
superstructure for one mm horizontal deflection at the top of the pier/abutment along the considered direction of horizontal force.
F = 3.8218 x 6 = 22.9308 KN
R = Response reduction factor = 2.5
68.000 68.000 68.000 68.000 114.000 114.000 27.000 27.000
3.000 3.000 3.000 4.300 1.100 3.200 1.200
0.600 43.425 m 1.025
RA RB Fixed end Free end
=
+
+
=
=
=
170.000 170.000 170.000 170.000 120.000 120.000 80.000
43.425 RB = 170.000 x 0.770 + 170.000 x 3.820 + 170.000 x 5.190
+ 120.000 x 7.320 + 120.000 x 8.840 + 80.000 x 12.800
= 130.900 + 649.400 + 882.300 + 878.400 + 1060.80 + 1024.00 -102.000
0.600 43.425 m 1.025
RA RB Fixed end Free end
43.425 RB = 68.000 x ( 25.650 + 28.650 + 31.650 + 34.650 )
+ 114.000 x ( 38.950 + 40.150 )
+ 27.000 x ( 43.350 + 44.450 )
170.000 170.000 170.000 170.000 120.000 120.000 80.000
0.600 43.425 m RB
+
= 170.000
+ 120.000
= ######
= ######
= 833.018
= 166.982
Braking force is considered 20 % of live load coming on the span for two lane as per cl. 214.2 of IRC :6.
=
=
=
For a simply supported span sitting on identical Elastomeric Bearings at each end and resting on unyielding supports.
=
Movement due to temprreture will be considered for contraction and as well as for expansion both.
Movement of superstructure Due to Temperatur = . L . t
Co-efficient of Expansion = 0.000012 / 0C
Variation in the temperature = oC (for moderate conditions)
Movement of superstructure due to temperature = 12.70 mm
Movement of superstructure Due to Creep = 8.79 mm
Movement of superstructure Due to Shrinkage = Strain due to Residual Shrinkage at 28 days x Span/2
= 0.00019 x 21712.500 ( Refer IRC: 18)
Total Fh in seismic case = 100.000 + 461.416 = 561.416 kN
For a simply supported span sitting on identical Elastomeric Bearings at each end and resting on unyielding supports.
Force At Each End = Fh / 2 + Vr . ltc
Movement due to temprreture will be considered for contraction and as well as for expansion both.
Governing longitudnal force 574.38 kN
S.No. Item Volume Unit Wt. P eL ML
15 Total Load and moments at Abutment Shaft Bottom 6670.845 2369.800
=
=
=
=
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 393.677 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 393.677 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 10437.4 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 2940.50 + 121925.045 + 10437.359 = 135302.906 kN.m
Moment, MT = 1146.656 + 0.000 + 261.800 + 419.445 = 1827.90 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 135302.9 ^2 + 1827.901 ^2 = 135315.3
Total Resultant Moment = 135315.253 + 6157.190 = 141472.443 kNm
Total Moment at Foundation = MR + Mts = 141472.4 kNm
Soil Resistance = 201322.29 > 141472.443
Hence, No Moment will Transfer to the Base = 141472.443 + -201322.293
P
A
P
A
= 586.534 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 393.677 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 393.677 x 2.523
(Due to long. Force) = 993.050 kN
S.No. Item Volume Unit Wt. P eL ML
15 Total Load and moments at Abutment Shaft Bottom 5965.475 2033.472
=
=
=
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 393.677 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 393.677 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 10437.359 kN
=
=
=
Resultant Moment MR = 121381.863 ^2 + 894.982 ^2 = 121385.162
Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= 9624.904 x ( 0.150 + 23.990 ) + 10027.113 x 23.990 = 5833.444 kNm
Total Resultant Moment = 121385.162 + 5833.444 = 127218.606 kNm
Total Moment at Foundation Level = MR + Mts = 127218.6 kNm
Soil Resistance = 97911.60 < 127218.61
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the Base = 127218.606 + -97911.603
P max. = P + M = 19652.016 + 0.000
A Z 34.732 28.871
= 565.814 kPa 801.434 Hence OK
P
A
= 565.814 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 574.385 x 2.523 = 1448.885 kN
Due to Horz. force Moment Due o Back Fil in normal case Due to Seismic Force
Moment, ML = 2369.800 + 1448.885 + 2591.145 + 97.425
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 574.385 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 15228.375 kN
(
447.912
(
0.000
(
61.600
(
932.100
=
=
Resultant Moment MR = 198284.288 ^2 + 1284.658 ^2 = 198288.449 kNm
Level in normal case Due to Seismic SHIFT
80.000 160.000
Total Resultant Moment = 198288.449 + 6224.200 = 204512.649 kNm
Total Moment at Foundation Level = MR + Mts = 204512.6 kNm
Soil Resistance = 251652.87 > 204512.649
P
A
P
A
= 591.205 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 574.385 x 2.523 = 1448.885 kN
Due to Horz. force Moment Due o Back Fil in normal case Due to Seismic Force
Moment, ML = 2033.472 + 1448.885 + 2044.640 + 97.012 = 5624.009 kN.m
GoverningLongitudnalForceatbearingleve = 574.385 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 574.385 x 26.513
(Due to long. Force) = 15228.375 kN
(
83.491
(
0.000
(
61.600
(
932.100
Item
ds and Moment at Well Foundation in Seismic Case 19665.29 1605.1
Vertical Load = 19665.288 + 141.000 = 19806.288 kN
=
Resultant Moment MR = 133089.296 ^2 + 807.013 ^2 = 133091.742 kNm
Total Resultant Moment = 133091.742 + 5896.876 = 138988.618 kNm
Total Moment at Foundation Level = MR + Mts = 138988.6 kNm
Soil Resistance = 126583.83 < 138988.618
P
A
P
A
= 140.596 kPa > 0.000 No Uplift , Hence OK
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)(LWLCase) In case of LWL , it is assumed that MSL is at Well cap level
Reduced N -2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Reduced thickness c N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2 (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
LWL 70.0 0.0
-4.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 -228.9 5.736
Well cap bottom 74.0 -228.9
1.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 -171.5 5.736
End Layer 1 73.0 -171.5
6.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 171.3 5.736
MSL 67.0 171.3
2.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 286.1 5.736
End of Layer 2 65.0 286.1
2.0 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 400.8 5.736
End of Layer 3 63.0 400.8
9.3 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 935.0 5.736
Well kerb top 53.7 935.0
1.7 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 0.0 1032.5 5.736
70.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Total 0.0 31181.6 0.0 198992.2
Total Passive Force 31181.6 Total Passive Moment 198992.2
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m 70.0 m
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) 74.0 m
-4.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 5.736
Well cap bottom 74.0 6.2 73.0m
MSL 67.0 6.2 67.0m
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 6.2 65.0 m
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 6.2 63.0
18.0 6.2 53.7
thickness Length of we (kN) 52.0 (m) c
-4.0 6.2 10.3 2.0 -126.4 72.0 -2527.0
1.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 20.1 73.5 431.6
6.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 120.1 70.0 2161.2
2.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 40.2 66.0 562.9
2.0 6.2 6.5 2.0 40.2 64.0 482.6
9.3 6.2 6.5 2.0 187.1 58.4 1189.1
1.7 6.2 6.7 2.0 34.9 52.9 29.7
Total 316.1 2330.1
Grand Total Passive Force 31498 Total Passive Moment 201322.3
As per clause 710.2.3.1 ,the minimum thickness of steining shall not be less than 500mm and satisfy the following relationship.
t required = k d l = 0.03 x 6.5 x 4.9 = 0.955 m
Thickness provided = 1.00 m Hence OK
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from well cap bottom.
Active force upto Well cap bottom by surcharge Active force below Well cap bottom for Z depth by surcharge
Active
Force
to phai
soil
+ 293.3
Z +
2.0
2.0
to c soil upto Well cap bottom to c soil below Well cap bottom upto depth Z
Passive Force due Passive Force due Passive Force due
upto Well cap bottom to phai soil below Well c to phai soil below Well cap bottom
Passive Force due to -ve Surcharge Passive Force due to -ve Surcharge
upto Well cap bottom by phai of soil below Well cap bottom by phai of soil
3029.7 + 185.9 Z + 4.5 Z^2 = 2213.6 + -723.7 Z + 93.2 Z^2
816.0 + 909.6 Z + -88.7 Z^2 = 0.0
-9.2 + -10.3 Z + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = 10.3 + 11.9 = 11.1 m
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 11.1 m in layer 2 i.e. at RL 62.9 m
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 62.9 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
ActiveEarthPressure(NormalCase)(LWLCase)uptoRL 62.9 m
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total 0.0 4375.2 0.0 36675.8
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 62.9 m Surcharge height = 0.251 m
Reduced N y
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
thickness Length of we (kN) 62.9 (m) c
70.0
74.0
62.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 393.7 kN
Moment @ = 393.7 x ( 78.5 + -62.9 ) = 393.7 x 15.6
(Due to long. Force) = 6145.7 kNm
d
momen
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 2941 + 45629 + 6146 = 54715.7 kN.m
Moment, MT = 1147 + 0 + 262 + 419.4
Resultant Moment MR = 54716 ^2 1828 ^2 54746 kN.m
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= 10344.5 x ( 0.150 13.1 ) + 7111.1 x 13.1 = 3825.8 kNm
Total Resultant Moment = 54746 + 3826 = 58572 kNm
Total Moment upto RL 62.9 m MR + Mts = 58572 kNm
Passive Resistance = 19667 < 58572
=
=
+
P min. = P - M = 17455.6 - 38905
A Z 17.3 20.8
Checkforsafetyofsection 1.0 + 1.9 = 0.4 < 1.0 Hence OK
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
81.2
75.6
76.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Total 0.0 19749.8 0.0 95995.8
Total Passive Force 19749.8 Total Passive Moment 95995.8
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Reduced N y
MSL 67.0 6.2 65.0m
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7 6.2 63.0 m
9.3 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7 6.2 53.7 m
15.0 6.2 52.0m
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 52.0 Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge
2.0 6.2 6.5 3.0 26.8 66.0 375.3
2.0 6.2 6.5 3.0 26.8 64.0 321.7
9.3 6.2 6.5 2.0 187.1 58.4 1189.1
1.7 6.2 6.7 2.0 34.9 52.9 29.7
Total 275.6 1915.8
Grand Total Passive Force 20025 Total Passive Moment 97911.6
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from Layer 2.
39.2 Z +
0.0 Z +
3.0
346.3 Z +
2.0
0.0 Z +
3.0
596.5 Z
+
2.0
40.2 Z
3.0
4688.3 + 212.4 Z + 4.2 Z^2 = 325.1 + 311.7 Z + 86.7 Z^2
4363.3 + -99.3 Z + -82.5 Z^2 = 0.0
-52.9 + 1.2 + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = -1.2 + 14.6 = 6.7 m
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 6.7 m in layer 2 i.e. at RL 58.3 m
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 58.3 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
81.2
75.6
76.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
58.3
0.0
0.0
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
81.2
75.6
76.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
58.3
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
67.0
65.0
58.3
53.7
52.0
67.0
65.0
58.3
53.7
52.0
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 58.3 m Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Reduced N y
67.0
65.0
58.3
53.7
52.0
thickness Length of we (kN) 58.3 (m) c
67.0
65.0
58.3
53.7
52.0
Total 271.1 1178.9
Grand Total Passive Force 6454.7 Total Passive Moment 18742.9
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 393.7 kN
Moment at abutment base = 393.7 x ( 78.5 + -58.3 ) = 393.7 x 20.2
(Due to long. Force) = 7950.9 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 1578 + 63879 + 7951 = 73408 kN.m
Moment, MT = 214 + 0 + 262 + 419
Resultant Moment MR = 73408 ^2 895 ^2 73413
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= 9589.2 ( 0.150 + 17.7 ) + 8893.8 x 17.7 = 4539.3 kNm
Total Resultant Moment = 73413 + 4539 = 77952 kNm
Total Moment upto RL 58 m MR + Mts = 77952 kNm
Passive Resistance = 18743 < 77952
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the steining = 77952 + -18742.9
P max. = P + M = 18483 + 59210
A Z 17.3 20.8
P min. = P - M = 18483 - 59210
A Z 17.3 20.8
1.1 + 2.9 = 0.5 < 1.0 Hence OK
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2) Deck Level 81.2 0.0
5.2 0.0 25.0 2.5 18.0 0.0 38.0
Well cap top(Assumed RSL) 76.0 38.0
6.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 18.0 0.0 81.7
LWL 70.0 81.7
-4.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 65.6
Well cap bottom 74.0 65.6
1.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 69.6
End Layer 1 73.0 69.6
6.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 93.9
RSL 67.0 93.9
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 102.0
End of Layer 2 65.0 102.0
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 110.1
End of Layer 3 63.0 110.1
9.3 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 147.9
Well kerb top 53.7 147.9
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 0.0 154.8
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @ Moment @ Moment @
thickness c 52.0 52.0 76.0 76.0 c
(kN) (kN) (m) (m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
Deck Level 81.2 0.0
5.2 0.0 38.0 10.3 1.0 0.0 1.0 1012.4 78.6 77.7 0.0 26042.0 0.0 1754.8
Well cap top(Assumed RSL) 76.0 38.0
6.0 0.0 81.7 10.3 1.0 0.0 1.0 3675.8 73.0 72.6 0.0 75831.4 0.0 0.0
LWL 70.0 81.7
-4.0 0.0 65.6 10.3 1.6 0.0 1.6 -1882.6 72.0 71.9 0.0 -37504.8
Well cap bottom 74.0 65.6
1.0 0.0 69.6 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 274.6 73.5 73.5 0.0 5898.9
End Layer 1 73.0 69.6
6.0 0.0 93.9 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 1984.8 70.0 69.9 0.0 35436.4
RSL 67.0 93.9
2.0 0.0 102.0 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 795.7 66.0 66.0 0.0 11138.8
End of Layer 2 65.0 102.0
2.0 0.0 110.1 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 861.6 64.0 64.0 0.0 10339.8
End of Layer 3 63.0 110.1
9.3 0.0 147.9 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 4880.8 58.4 58.1 0.0 29914.7
Well kerb top 53.7 147.9
1.7 0.0 154.8 6.7 1.6 0.0 1.6 1069.4 52.9 52.8 0.0 902.1
Total 0.0 12672.4 0.0 157999.3 0.0 1754.8
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Layer 70.0 m
Reduced N y
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Reduced Level Layer yz * N Projected (FOS) Force c.g. of force Moment @
thickness Length of we (kN) 52.0 (m) c
(kN.m) 52.0m
70.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Total 395.1 2912.6
Grand Total Passive Force 39372 Total Passive Moment 251652.9
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from well cap bottom.
39.2 Z +
0.0 Z +
1.6
426.1 Z +
1.6
1.6
-1487.6 Z
+
1.6
40.2 Z
1.6
3825.3 + 305.5 Z + 8.2 Z^2 = 2767.0 + -904.7 Z + 116.5 Z^2
1058.3 + 1210.2 Z + -108.3 Z^2 = 0.0
-9.8 + -11.2 Z + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = 11.2 + 12.8 = 12.0 m
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 12.0 m in layer 2 i.e. at RL 62.0 m
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 62.0 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
81.2
76.0
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Total 0.0 4946.4 0.0 41451.6
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 62.0 m Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Reduced N y
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
thickness Length of we (kN) 62.0 (m) c
70.0
74.0
62.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 574 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.4 x ( 78.5 + -62.0 ) = 574.4 x 16.5
(Due to long. Force) = 9486.2 kN
447.9
(
0.0
(
61.6
(
932.1
+ 149.0 =
Total Active Earth Press. Moment.
Moment, ML = 2941 + 51217 + 9486 + 52 + 729.5
Moment, MT = 587 + 0 + 268 + 430 = 1284.7 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 64425 ^2 1285 ^2 64438
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= ( 10344.5 + 149 ( 0.150 + 14 ) + ( 7463 + 0 ) x 14.0
80 160.0
Total Resultant Moment = 64438 + 4062 = 68500 kNm
Total Moment upto RL 62 m MR + Mts = 68500 kNm
Passive Resistance = 13678 < 68500
Hence, Moment will Transfer to the steining = 68500 + -13678.3
P max. = P + M = 17956.1 + 54822
A Z 17.3 21
P min. = P - M = 17956.1 - 54822
A Z 17.3 21
Checkforsafetyofsection 1.0 + 2.6 = 0.5 < 1.0 Hence OK
81.2
75.6
76.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Total 0.0 24687.3 0.0 119994.8
Total Passive Force 24687.3 Total Passive Moment 119994.8
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m
Reduced N y
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) 67.0m
End of Layer 2 65.0 14.4 65.0 m
9.3 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 14.4 63.0 m
Well kerb top 53.7 14.4
67.0
65.0
63.0
53.7
52.0
Total 879.8 6589.0
Grand Total Passive Force 25567.1 Total Passive Moment 126583.8
It is assumed that point of zero shear will be at a distance of Z m below from RSL.
39.2 Z +
0.0 Z +
1.6
317.3 Z +
1.6
0.0 Z +
2.4
0.0 Z +
1.6
4458.8 + 237.5 Z + 4.5 Z^2 = 0.0 + 58.5 Z + 93.2 Z^2
4458.8 + 179.1 Z + -88.7 Z^2 = 0.0
-50.3 + -2.0 Z + Z^2 = 0.0
Z = 2.0 + 14.3 = 8.2 m
This means, Point of zero shear will be at a distance of 8.2 m from RSL i.e. at RL 58.8 m
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 58.8 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
81.2
75.6
76.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
58.8
63.0
53.7
52.0
81.2
75.6
76.0
74.0
73.0
67.0
58.8
63.0
53.7
52.0
Reduced N 2c yz
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2)
67.0
58.8
63.0
53.7
52.0
67.0
58.8
63.0
53.7
52.0
Total 0.0 2674.2 0.0 7284.9
Total Passive Force 2674.2 Total Passive Moment 7284.9
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surchargeuptoRL 58.8 m Surcharge height = 0.3 m
67.0
58.8
63.0
53.7
52.0
thickness Length of we (kN) 58.8 (m) c
67.0
58.8
63.0
53.7
52.0
Governing Longitudnal Force at Bearing Level = 574.4 kN
Moment at abutment base = 574.4 x ( 78.5 + -58.8 ) = 574.4 x 19.7
(Due to long. Force) = 11299.3 kN
(
83.5
(
0.0
(
61.6
(
932.1
S.No. Item Volume Unit Wt. P eL ML
Total Load and moments at Abutment Shaft Bottom 5925.5 6396.8
Vertical Load = 18279 + 141 = 18420 kN
Total Active Earth Press. Moment. Due to Horiz. Force at bearing Level
Moment, ML = 1578 + 87943 + 11299 + 48 + 906
Moment, MT = 109 + 0 + 268 + 430 = 807 kN.m
Resultant Moment MR = 101774 ^2 807 ^2 = 101777
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Mts .= ( 9589.2 + 141.0 x ( 0.150 17.1 ) + ( 8689.9 + 0.0 ) x 17.1
80.0 160.0
Total Resultant Moment = 101777 + 4477 = 106254 kNm
LWL with
max. LL
Normal
Seismic
Steining Area = 42.25 - 20.25 = 17.279 m sq
@ 0.12% of X-section area = 0.12 x 17.279 x 1000000
Area of steel for each face = 20734.51 = 10367 mm2
Provide 36.000 bars of 20.000 mm dia at each face ( Providing = 11310 mm^2 Hence OK
=
= 2 x x ( 6.5 + 4.5 ) = 34.557519 m
> No of sets/m of stg= 54.26 = 2.5 nos
> Provide Hoop bars @ 300 c/c on each face. Hence OK
Volume of well kerb = 21.60 m^3
Min. reinforcement in terms of wt. = 72.00 kg / m^3 x 21.60 = 1555.15 kg
Provide 18.00 Nos. 25.00 dia bar around the periphery. No. of bars in top layer = 5.00
72.00 Nos. of stirrups 12.00 dia in well kerb. No. of bars in bottom layer = 1.00
72.00 sets 6.00 Nos. of links 12.00 dia in one set. Clear cover = 75.00 mm
Barmark 1.00 to 7.00 7.00 Dia = 6451.00
= 3.14 x 5575.00 x 3.85 x 5.00 = 337.27 kg
Barmark 13.00 to 18.00 6.00 Dia = 5624.00
= 3.14 x 5624.00 x 3.85 x 6.00 = 408.29 kg
=
Total weight of all the provided sets = 6.32 x 72.00 = 454.87 Kg
Total wt. of reinforcement provided in curb = 1291.94 + 454.87 = 1747 > 1555 kg
Earth pressure due to live load surcharge = 0.279 x 18.000 x 1.200 = 6.035 kN/m^2
Earth pressure on this strip = 0.279 x 18.000 x y = 5.029 y kN/m^2
dMx = ( 6.035 + 5.029 y ) dy { 1.500 x ( 2.633 -y ) } ^2 / 2
Mx = ( 6.035 + 5.029 y ) dy ( 1.125 ) x ( 6.934 + y^2 -5.267 y )
= 1.125 x ( 41.850 + 6.035 y^2 -31.785 y + 34.875 y +
= 1.125 x ( 5.029 y^3 + -20.452 y^2 + 3.090 y + 41.850 ) dy
= 1.125 x ( 1.257 y^4 + -6.817 y^3 + 1.545 y^2 + 41.850 y
= 1.125 x ( 1.257 x 2.633 ^4 + -6.817 x 2.633 ^3 +
+ 1.545 x 2.633 ^2 + 41.850 x 2.633
= 1.125 x ( 60.459 + -124.490 + 10.714 + 110.204 )
Adopting steel bars Dia. 12 mm and clear cover of 50.000 mm.
Available effective depth = 300 -50.000 -6.000
Required Ast = 24.303 x 1000000 = 567.22 mm^2 / m
Provide 12.000 mm dia bar @ 150.000 mm c/c horizontally on earth face. ( Provided steel = 753.98 mm^2/m )
Provide 10.000 mm dia bar @ 150.000 mm c/c horizontally on other face. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
Provide 10.000 mm dia bar @ 150.000 mm c/c vertically on both faces. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
Mx = 0.500 x ( 0.300 + 2.633 ) x 3.500 x 0.300 x 24.000 x 1.286
Mx = 0.500 x ( 2.933 ) x 32.407 = 47.530 kN.m
Moment due to railing = 3.500 x 3.000 x 1.750 = 18.375 kN.m
Moment due to railing kerb = 0.300 x 0.450 x 3.500 x 24.000 x 1.750 = 19.845 kN.m
Total moment at vertical plane = 47.530 + 18.375 + 19.845 = 85.750 kN.m
85750000.00 = 1.844 x 300.000 x d ^2
d ^2 = 8.58E+07 = 155007.23
d = 393.710 mm < 2633.33 (Hence |OK)
Adopting steel bars Dia. 20 mm and clear cover of 50.000 mm.
Available effective depth = 2633.33 -50.000 -20.000 -25.000
=
Check: This steel should not be less than 0.200 % of bt.d as per 305.16 of IRC : 21.
0.200 x 2633.33 x 300.00 = 1580.00 mm^2
Governing steel at top of cantilever return = 1580.0 mm^2
Kangsabati 93/1 on NH - 6
0.279 x 18.00 x 1.20 = 6.04 kN/m^2
Intensity for = 0.279 x 18.00 x 1.20 = 6.04 kN/m^2
= 6.04
= 0.28
= 0.50
= 184.19
184.19
228.51
e)
412.69 kN
Total moment at the base of dirt wall = 559.96 kN.m
Thickness of dirtwall = 0.30 m
Adorting clear cover on either face = 50.00 mm
Adopting steel bars Dia. = 20.00 mm
Available effective depth = 300.00 -50.00 -10.00
Rquired effctive depth = 54.63 x 1.00E+06 = 172.12 mm < 240.00
1.84 x 1000.00 OK
x
x
Increasing this by 50% to resist the increased tensile forces due to non linear stress pattern above the bracket.( as suggested by note 8 of enclosure to
Ministry of Surface Transport (India) Circular no. RW/NH - 34015 / 2 / 86 - S & R dated 22.6.94)
Required Ast = 1.50 x 1296.28 = 1944.43 mm^2/m
Minimum steel = 0.06 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 180.00 mm^2/m
Governing vertical steel at earth face = 1944.4 mm^/m
Provide 16.00 mm dia bar @ 100.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 2010.6 mm^2/m )
Adopting distribution steel bars Dia. = 10.00 mm
Available effective depth = 300.00 -50.00 -16.00 -5.00 = 229.00 mm
0.30 M = 0.30 x 54.63 = 16.39 kN.m/m
Governing vertical steel at earth face = 407.57 mm^/m
Provide 10.00 mm dia bar @ 150.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
Minimum Reinforcement = 0.12 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 360.00 mm^2/m
Provide 12.00 mm dia bar @ 150.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 753.98 mm^2/m )
Adopting distribution steel bars Dia. = 10.00 mm
Minimum distribution steel = 0.06 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 180.00 mm^2/m
Provide 10.00 mm dia bar @ 150.00 mm c/c as vertical steel at earth face. ( Provided steel = 523.60 mm^2/m )
SUMMARYOFLOADSANDMOMENTSATTHEBASEOFABUTMENTSHAFT
Length of the Section = 1025.00 cm
Width of the Section = 100.00 cm
Gross Area of Section (Ag) = 1025.00 x 100.00
Gross M.O.I. of Section ( Igxx ) = 8.54E+07 cm^4
Gross M.O.I. of Section ( Igyy ) = 8.97E+09 cm^4
X X
Modular ratio , m = 10.00
Steel Area As = 436.30 cm^2
% of Steel = 0.43 % Effective Cover = 7.00 cm
12.06 cm^2 43.00 cm
X X
Asx = 251.33 cm^2 Asy = 12.06 cm^2
Minimum Gross Moment of Inertia , Imin. = 8.54E+07 cm^4
Hence Least radius of Gyration,r = Imin/Ag = 0.29 m
EffectiveLengthofAbutmentShaft(ReferNotes:(2)and(3)atPage42ofIRC:21-1987)
Item
LoadsandMoments
P (t) Mx (tm) My (tm)
CheckforCracked/UncrackedSection(Stressesa
reinkg/cm^2)
co,cal - cbc,cal
Permissible Basic tensile stress in Concrete.
Note:- The design for cracked section in the succeeding pages has been carried out as per computer
programme, which is based on "Behaviour of columns and walls" in the book entitled " Reinforced Concrete
As per clause 306.3.2 the diameter of transverse reinforcement of any type should not be less than one
quarter the diameter of the largest longitudinal bar in the column and in no case less than 8 mm
The diameter of the main longitudinal bar is 20 mm, hence required dia of transverse reinforcement is 10 mm
As per clause 306.3.3 of IRC: 21- 1987 the pitch of transverse reinforcement should not exceed
As the cap is fully supported on the abutment. Minimum thickness of the cap required as per cl. 716.2.1 of IRC : 78- 1983 is 225 mm.
Volume of abutment cap = 225.0 x 1350.0 x 10250.0 = 3113437500 mm^3
Quantity of steel = 1.0 % of volume
= 1.0 x 3113437500 = 31134375 mm^3
Quantity of steel to be provided at top = 15567188 mm^3
Quantity of steel to be provided at bottom = 15567188 mm^3
Quantity of steel to be provided in longitudnal direction = 7783593.8 mm^3
Provide 10.0 bar of 16.0 mm dia bar as longitudnal steel on top face of abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 2010.6 mm^2
Quantity of steel to be provided in transverse direction = 7783593.8 mm^3
Quantity of steel required = 7783593.8 = 766856.5 mm^3/m
Length of each stirrups = 1350.0 -100.0 = 1250.0 mm
Volume of each stirrup = x 16.0 ^2 x 1250.0 = 251327 mm^3
No. of stirrups required in per m length = 3.1 ( say 4.0 )
Required spacing = 1000.0 = 250.0 mm
Provide 16.0 mm dia bar @ 150.0 mm c/c stirrups throughout in length of abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 1340.4 mm^2/m )
Provide 10.0 bar of 16.0 mm dia bar as longitudnal steel on bottom face of abutment cap. ( Provided steel 2010.6 mm^2
Provide 16.0 mm dia bar @ 150.0 mm c/c stirrups throughout in length of the abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 1340.4 mm^2/m )
The well cap has been designed as partillay restrained at supports and following coefficients have been adopted for the design of circular well cap under uniformly distibuted load.
The load transmitted by abutment is assumed to have been dispersed at 45 degree upto effective depth of well cap.
Effective dia of well = 6.50 + 4.50 = 5.50 m
(Av. of inner & outer dia) 2.00
Effective depth of well cap = 1.89 m Thickness of steining = 1.00 m
Effective dia = 4.50 + 1.00 x 1.89 = 6.39 m
Moment at Abutment (from left span) = 393.68 x ( 78.51 -75.99 ) = 393.68 x 2.52 = 993.0 kN
Equation of the ellipse is given by X2 + Y 2 = 1.00
2.00 m
Y^2 = 0.00 Y = 0.00 m
5.13 ^2 ** on elliptical side only
Dispersion length (Elliptical side) = 10.25 + 2.00 x 0.00 = 5.13 m
Dispersion area for both side = 2.39 x 5.13 + 2.39 x 10.25 = 36.71 m2
Backfill above well cap in 1.89 from the face of abutment shaft = 10.25 x 1.89 x 5.20 x 18.00 = 1810.87 kN
TransverseHoggingmomentifwellcapconsideredisinscribedsquare:
Total Longitudinal moment through abutment / m length = 4577.08 = 893.09 kN.m / m
Sagging moment at center due to well cap = 264.78 x 5.50 ^2= 266.99 kN.m
Hogging moment at center due to well cap = 264.78 x 5.50 ^2= -133.49 kN.m
Total Sagging moment at centre = 266.99 + 365.35 = 632.34 kN.m
Total Hogging moment at centre = 133.49 = 133.49 kN.m
Design Sagging moment = 632.34 kN.m
Design Hogging moment = 1057.98 kN.m
Assume dia of bar = 25.00 Dia of bar
Effect of load upto abutment shaft bottom = 2000.00 -75.00 -25.00 -12.50 = 1887.50 mm
Required effective depth = 1057.98 x 1000000.00 = 757.46 < 1887.50 mm
1.84 x 1000.00 Hence OK
Ast required = 1057.98 x 1000000.00 = 3192.02 mm^2 /m
Provide 25.00 mm dia @ 150.00 c/c in both direction at top and bottom, provided 3272.49 mm^2 Hence OK
Total udl on well cap = 28.00 + 236.78 = 264.78 kN / m^2
Shear will be checked at a distance of effective depth from the face of the steining.
Distance of section to be checked for shear(from centre) = 0.363 m
Width of abutment = 1.00 m
Total load on well cap = 3.14 x ( 5.06 + 0.13 ) x 264.78 = 4320.45 kN
Perimeter of the dia = 2.00 x 3.14 x ( 2.75 + -2.39 ) = 2.28 m
Load / m = 4320.45 = 1896.89 kN / m
Total shear force = 1896.89 + 70.71 = 1967.60 kN
Asx100/ bxd
So,for Asx100/ bxd = 0.17 c = 0.199
Assume Shear Reinforcement provided @ 150.00 mm spacing along the length of well Cap.
= 1967.60 - 0.199 x 1.888 x 1.000
Shear Reinforcement Required = 1591.32 x 1000.00 x 150.00 = 632.31 mm^2
Provide 2.00 legged 16.00 dia bar @ 150.00 mm along the Length of Well Cap.( Providing 402.12 mm^2)
Well Cap Top Level = 75.990 m Well Cap Bottom Level = 73.99 m
Foundation Level = 52.000 m MSL = 67.013 m
Diameter of well at foundation Lvl = 6.650 m Factor of Safety = 2.5
Le Df. = 67.013 - 52.000 = 15.013 m
=
=
=
=
Overburden Surc q = 8.000 x 15.013 = 120.104 kN/m^2 = 12.01 t/m^2
ShapeFactors:- ( For circular base ) InclinationFactors:-
1.300
1.200
0.600
d 1.000 + 0.200
1.000 + 0.200 x 15.013 x 1.570
d 1.000 + 0.100
1.000 + 0.100 x 15.013 x 1.570
d 1.000 + 0.100
1.000 + 0.100 x 15.013 x 1.570
q d = q . (Nq - 1) . sq . dq . iq + (1/2) . B sv . dv . iv . w'
x
+ 5.320 x 10.876 x 0.600 x 1.354 x 1.000 x 0.5
= 188.604 + 11.755 = 200.359 t/m^2
SBC = q d = 200.358529 = 80.143 t/m^2
1.844 Mpa
-0.878 Mpa
= 10.250 m
=
0.300 m
= 10.250 m
6.650 m
0.075 m
c
2.000
(Nos)
2.000
(Nos)
10.250
10.250
10.250
=
=
=
=
Total Hori. Distance between free end (Cantilever Return) from Abutment Shaft edge(River Side) = 1.000 + 3.500 = 4.500 m
Height from Deck Level to the RL of starting of front pitching slope = 4.500 = 3.000 m
RL of point from which front slope pitching starts = 81.125 -0.300 -3.000 = 77.825 m
RL of point for front pitching above the well cap edge (River side) = 77.825 -2.000 = 76.492 m
RL of point for frontpitching above the well cap edge (River side) 1.888 m from face = 77.825 -1.888 = 76.567 m
Average height of Front fill pitching = 77.825 -75.990 + 76.492 -75.990
Average height of Front fill pitching = 77.825 -75.990 + 76.567 -75.990
C.G. of Front Fill From Abutment Face = 4 R = 4.000 x 2.000 = 8.000 = 0.849 m
Seismi
c
Ah x
(Dead
horizo
ntal
Zone factor
Importance
factor
=
=
DL
7633.4
9620.8
Shear
Rating
RA RB Fixed end Free end
68.000
######
27.000
######
######
######
68.000
3.000
RA RB Fixed end Free end
0.2
0.05
200
Fh / 2 +
=
=
393.677
918.628
0.000
61.600
932.100
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 393.677 x 26.513
895.825
0.000
61.600
932.100
Moment, MT = 1146.656 + 0.000 + 261.800 + 419.445 = 1827.90 kN.m
=
4.000
=
32.000
+ M
Z
-
M
Z
171.233
0.000
61.600
932.100
Moment at abutment base = 393.677 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 393.677 x 26.513
166.982
0.000
61.600
932.100
19652.016
kN
1605.058
213.737
Mts .= 9624.904 x ( 0.150 + 23.990 ) + 10027.113 x 23.990 = 5833.444 kNm
-
M
Z
=
=
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 574.385 x 2.523 = 1448.885 kN
459.314
0.000
61.600
932.100
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 574.385 x 26.513
20384.924
2940.503
=
=
+
-
M
Z
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 -75.990 ) = 574.385 x 2.523 = 1448.885 kN
85.616
0.000
61.600
932.100
Moment, ML = 2033.472 + 1448.885 + 2044.640 + 97.012 = 5624.009 kN.m
Moment at abutment base = 574.385 x ( 78.513 + -52.000 ) = 574.385 x 26.513
Increment
in Load
Due to
Seismic
+ 141.000 )
x ( 0.150
=
=
+
-
M
Z
5.2
6.0
4.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
29.2
Layer thickness
4.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
18.0
Passivereliefdueto(-ve)surcharge Surcharge height = 0.3 m 70.0 m
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) 74.0 m
Well cap bottom 74.0 6.2 73.0m
MSL 67.0 6.2 67.0m
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 6.2 65.0 m
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.46 10.0 6.2 6.2 63.0
18.0 6.2 53.7
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 62.9 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
5.2
6.0
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
18.3
5.2
6.0
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @
5.2
6.0
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.1
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
11.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.1
895.8
0.0
61.6
932.1
4.0
208.0
M
Z
5.6
0.4
2.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
15.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
15.0
MSL 67.0 6.2 65.0m
2.0 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7 6.2 63.0 m
1.7 0.0 25.0 2.5 10.0 6.2 5.7 6.2 53.7 m
15.0 6.2 52.0m
8.4 Z^2
2.0
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 58.3 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
5.6
0.4
2.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
6.7
22.9
5.6
0.4
2.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
6.7
2.0
6.7
0.0
0.0
2.0
6.7
0.0
0.0
8.7
2.0
6.7
0.0
0.0
2.0
6.7
0.0
0.0
8.7
167.0
0.0
61.6
932.1
(m) (kg / cm^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) (kN / m^2) Deck Level 81.2 0.0
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @ Moment @ Moment @
thickness c 52.0 52.0 76.0 76.0 c
5.2 0.0 38.0 10.3 1.0 0.0 1.0 1012.4 78.6 77.7 0.0 26042.0 0.0 1754.8
6.0 0.0 81.7 10.3 1.0 0.0 1.0 3675.8 73.0 72.6 0.0 75831.4 0.0 0.0
-4.0 0.0 65.6 10.3 1.6 0.0 1.6 -1882.6 72.0 71.9 0.0 -37504.8
1.0 0.0 69.6 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 274.6 73.5 73.5 0.0 5898.9
6.0 0.0 93.9 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 1984.8 70.0 69.9 0.0 35436.4
2.0 0.0 102.0 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 795.7 66.0 66.0 0.0 11138.8
2.0 0.0 110.1 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 861.6 64.0 64.0 0.0 10339.8
9.3 0.0 147.9 6.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 4880.8 58.4 58.1 0.0 29914.7
1.7 0.0 154.8 6.7 1.6 0.0 1.6 1069.4 52.9 52.8 0.0 902.1
Total 0.0 12672.4 0.0 157999.3 0.0 1754.8
Layer 70.0 m
4.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
4.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
18.0
13.2 Z^2
1.6
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 62.0 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
5.2
6.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
19.2
5.2
6.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.2
6.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
12.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.0
Moment, MT = 587 + 0 + 268 + 430 = 1284.7 kN.m
Total Loads upto Well Cap Top Level SHIFT TILT Total Loads below Well Cap Top Level TILT
Layer
thickness
(m)
5.6
0.4
2.0
1.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
29.2
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
15.0
(m) (kN /m^2) (degree) (kN / m^2) 67.0m
End of Layer 2 65.0 14.4 65.0 m
9.3 0.0 25.0 5.7 10.0 14.4 63.0 m
Well kerb top 53.7 14.4
Layer thickness
2.0
2.0
9.3
1.7
15.0
7.3 Z^2
1.6
149.1
Z^2 +
1.6
Reduced Level thickness Pressure Length Force c.g. of force 58.8 (m) (kN / m^2) (kN. m)
5.6
0.4
2.0
1.0
6.0
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
22.3
Layer thickness
(m)
5.6
0.4
2.0
1.0
6.0
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
22.3
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.2
Layer
thickness
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.2
Moment, MT = 109 + 0 + 268 + 430 = 807 kN.m
58.8 m
=
P +
A
P -
A
1.1
6.3
Max. Base
Pressure
587
566
591
1000
0.04
100
6911.504
12.00
6.00
=
0.89
=
=
Mx = 0.500 x ( 0.300 + 2.633 ) x 3.500 x 0.300 x 24.000 x 1.286
Moment due to railing kerb = 0.300 x 0.450 x 3.500 x 24.000 x 1.750 = 19.845 kN.m
85.750
200
20.000 mm dia at top face in two
layers. ( Providing =
12.000 mm dia at bottom in
sloping face. ( Providing =
Kangsabati 93/1 on NH - 6
x
x
x
+
x
x
1.00E+06
0.88
Minimum steel = 0.06 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 180.00 mm^2/m
=
=
Minimum Reinforcement = 0.12 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 360.00 mm^2/m
Minimum distribution steel = 0.06 x 300.00 x 1000.00 = 180.00 mm^2/m
Volume of each stirrup = x 16.0 ^2 x 1250.0 = 251327 mm^3
Provide 16.0 mm dia bar @ 150.0 mm c/c stirrups throughout in length of the abutment cap. ( Provided steel = 1340.4 mm^2/m )
=
=
The well cap has been designed as partillay restrained at supports and following coefficients have been adopted for the design of circular well cap under uniformly distibuted load.
Moment at Abutment (from left span) = 393.68 x ( 78.51 -75.99 ) = 393.68 x 2.52 = 993.0 kN
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Equation of the ellipse is given by X2 + Y 2 = 1.00
=
Dispersion area for both side = 2.39 x 5.13 + 2.39 x 10.25 = 36.71 m2
Backfill above well cap in 1.89 from the face of abutment shaft = 10.25 x 1.89 x 5.20 x 18.00 = 1810.87 kN
=
Required effective depth = 1057.98 x 1000000.00 = 757.46 < 1887.50 mm
Ast required = 1057.98 x 1000000.00 = 3192.02 mm^2 /m
Provide 25.00 mm dia @ 150.00 c/c in both direction at top and bottom, provided 3272.49 mm^2 Hence OK
Total load on well cap = 3.14 x ( 5.06 + 0.13 ) x 264.78 = 4320.45 kN
Perimeter of the dia = 2.00 x 3.14 x ( 2.75 + -2.39 ) = 2.28 m
=
=
Provide 2.00 legged 16.00 dia bar @ 150.00 mm along the Length of Well Cap.( Providing 402.12 mm^2)
25 degree
0.00 kN/m^2
8 kN/m^2
0.436
(
10.6621424
Thickness =
Depth at Root =
3.500 m
Width =
4.500 m
6.350 m
1.000 m
Thickness at Bottom
Height
= 30.000 degree
= 0.000 kN/m^2
x 0.300
x 0.500
x 1.350
x 0.350
x 0.500
x
4.000
x
1.549 x
1.549 x
x
x
x
+
kN
kN
=
=
68.000
3.000
RB
x (
x (
+
kN
kN
x (
x (
+
Vr . ltc
=
x (
x (
0.0480
461.416 kN
2.000
Nos.
6670.845
kN
2369.800
1175.844
1857.089
kN.m
SHIFT
x ( 0.150 +
2.000
Nos.
5965.475
kN
2033.472
219.178
Increment in
Load
+
Due to
Seismic
4.000
32.000
M
Z
1605.058
4.000
32.000
M
Z
0.2794
Length Force c.g.
of force 52.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
14.4 10.3
14.4 6.5
14.4 6.5
14.4 6.5
0.0 6.5
Total
Grand Total Passive
Force
x
x
x
x
x 22.0
x 1375.0
= 17455.6
17.3
= 1010.2
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
173.4 Z^2
2.0
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
14.4
14.4
0.0
0.0
x
x
x
x
Reduced Level Layer -2c / N yz / N Projected (FOS) Force due (FOS) Force due to c.g. of force c.g. of force Moment @ Moment @ Moment @ Moment @
thickness c 52.0 52.0 76.0 76.0 c
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
186.4 Z^2
+
1.6
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
-2c /
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
6.2 10.3
6.2 6.5
6.2 6.5
6.2 6.5
0.0 6.5
0.0 6.5
0.0 6.7
Total
Grand Total Passive
Force
+
+
+
+
17956.1 kN
Due to
Horiz. Force
c
(kg /
cm^
2) (degree)
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
yz
14.4
14.4
14.4
14.4
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 10.3
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.5
6.0 6.7
c
(kg /
cm^
2) (degree)
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
2c
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
c
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
0.0 25.0
14.4 6.5
14.4 6.5
14.4 6.5
14.4 6.7
Total
Grand Total Passive
Force
+
+
+
+
(m^3)
0.7
9.2
7.6
3.6
0.6
17.8
4.2
0.6
2.5
2.0
Nos.
3.8
MR + Mts
9237
M =
Z
=
=
M =
Z
=
=
+ 4.7
8.3
HFL with
min. LL
Normal
Seismic
5965.5
5965.5
x 17.279
x 7850.00
5.00
Dia
=
=
x
x
####
####
x
x
Kangsabati 93/1 on NH - 6
2.98
####
####
####
1.49
1.25
x
102500.00
Ac +m.As =
+ 8364678.94
= 1875626.91 cm^3
+ 55487597.6
= 17618685.15
Service
Condition
(1.75 x L)
=
13.47 (<50)
===>Short
Column
= 50.0 mm
= 10250.0 -100.0
= 7783594
10150.0
1.89 from the
face of abutment
eL of frontfill
=
=
75.99
=
=
=
=
c
K
i c
i q
i
Thickness of plug
above well kerb top
Thickness of uniform
dia. below well kerb
Height of bottom plug
of tapering portion
d
sub
x 3.500
x 2.333
x 0.550
x 1.000
x 0.350
4.500 ^2
6.350 ^2
13.313
14.170
1.5
1.0
SIDL
+ 1864.2
+
LL
1000
No of
bearings
2.400
12.700
18.200
367.200
=
=
=
=
68.000
3.000
=
=
=
=
=
31.050
38.970
9535.20
Max.
CWL
Max.
CWL
0
=
=
=
=
=
=
393.677 kN
447.91
0.00
x (
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
x ( 78.513
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
(m^3)
0.675
9.156
7.611
3.588
0.628
17.758
4.202
0.630
2.450
3.800
+
Due to
Horz. force
+ 0.000
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
TILT
23.990 ) +
80.000
MR
x 6.650 ^2
x 6.650 ^3
= 20371.652
34.732
= 586.534
= 586.534
kPa
= 20371.652
34.732
= 586.534
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
(m^3)
0.675
9.156
7.611
3.588
0.628
17.758
4.202
0.630
2.450
3.800
+
Due to
Horz. force
+ 0.000
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
+
Total Active
Earth
+ 0.000
= 19652.016
34.732
= 565.814
0.048
0.024
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
+ 10.741
)
+ 0.000
)
+ 1.477
)
+ 22.352
)
Volume
(m^3)
20.624
21.952
+
148.953
Total
Active
) x
x 6.650 ^2
x 6.650 ^3
= 20533.877
34.732
= 591.205
= 591.205
kPa
= 20533.877
34.732
= 591.205
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
+ 2.002
)
+ 0.000
)
+ 1.477
)
+ 22.352
)
Volume
(m^3)
20.624
21.952
Total Active
Earth
+ 114979.0
TILT
23.990 )
+
80.000
x 6.650 ^2
x 6.650 ^3
= 19806.288
34.732
= 570.256
= 999.916
kPa
= 19806.288
34.732
= 570.256
Moment @
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
yz
0.0
-
-
228.
-
171.
####
####
####
####
####
####
####
####
#### 78.6
#### 73.0
#### 72.0
#### 68.4
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
####
3.6 18.0
3.6 18.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
0.0
26.2
26.2
56.3
56.3
45.1
45.1
76.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
yz
0.0
-
-
228.
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.3 = 1146.7
kN.m
0.0 = 0.0 kN.m
4.3 = 261.8
kN.m
0.5 = 419.4
kN.m
= 58572
= 38905 kN
=
=
+ 38905
20.8
+ 1873
3.6 18.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 8.0
3.6 8.0
3.6 9.3
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
yz
0.0
91.8
91.8
####
####
####
####
####
+
#### 78.4
25.4 75.8
#### 75.0
39.2 73.5
#### 70.0
78.5 66.0
#### 61.7
####
3.6 18.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 8.0
3.6 8.0
3.6 9.3
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
5.7 8.0
5.7 9.3
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
yz
0.0
91.8
91.8
####
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
6.5 3.0
6.5 3.0
6.5 2.0
6.7 2.0
1.3 = 213.7
kN.m
0.0 = 0.0 kN.m
4.3 = 261.8
kN.m
0.5 = 419.4
kN.m
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
10.3 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.7 1.6
#### 78.6
#### 73.0
#### 72.0
#### 68.0
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
####
3.6 18.0
3.6 18.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6
3.6
yz /
0.0
26.2
26.2
56.3
56.3
45.1
45.1
78.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5
2.5
yz
0.0
-98.3
-98.3
197.
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
10.7 )
0.0 )
1.5 )
22.4 )
N
3.6 18.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
3.6 8.0
3.6 8.0
3.6 9.3
3.6 10.0
3.6 10.0
5.7 8.0
5.7 9.3
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
yz
0.0
91.8
91.8
####
####
####
####
####
Projected
Length of
(FOS)
6.5 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.5 1.6
6.7 1.6
#### 78.4
25.4 75.8
#### 75.0
39.2 73.5
#### 70.0
#### 62.9
0.0 63.0
0.0 53.7
0.0 52.0
####
N
2.5 18.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 8.0
2.5 8.0
2.5 9.3
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
2.5 8.0
2.5 9.3
2.5 10.0
2.5 10.0
yz
0.0
####
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
5.7 10.0
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
2.0 ) x
0.0 ) x
1.5 ) x
22.4 ) x
(kN/
m^3)
(kN)
3816.7
932.1
61.6
167.0
0.0
24.0 16.2
24.0 219.7
24.0 182.7
24.0 86.1
24.0 15.1
24.0 426.2
22.5 94.6
24.0 15.1
24.0 58.8
3.0 22.8
= 106254
kNm
< 106254
18279
17.28
1058
5729 kPa
18279
17.28
1058
-3614 kPa
=
Min. Base
Pressure
587
566
591
141
x
=
3.14 x
1555.15
263.21
462.50 =
4344.63 +
7119.63 =
/ 6.32
1000000
0.878 x
x 10.25
x 2.98
x 2.98
= 412.69 kN
= 274.21
kN.m
=
=
285.76
kN.m
ML =
=
240.00
16.39 x
200.00 x
0.06% of cross section
0.06
x
100.00
cm^3
6.50 m
4.50 m
918.63 x
0.00 x
61.60 x
932.10 x
2.00
6670.85 kN
2369.80
1175.84
2.00 2
2.00 ^2
1.89 +
+
236.78
=
=
=
264.78
264.78
6.50 m
6.50
2.00
10.25
2.00
=
=
1967.60 x
1887.50 x
0.17 For
For
= 0.199
= 1.00
=
=
K
0.199
N c
N q
N
- 1 ) x 1.200
0.300 m
1.350 m
=
=
=
=
x 0.300
x 3.500
x 0.350
= 15.90
= 31.67
+ 68.000
+ 114.000
+ 68.000
+ 571.200
895.825
104.175
114.000
4.300
1000.00 kN
+ 32.420
+ 40.490
+ 3556.00
=
=
+
+
=
12.70
12.70
No. of bearings
3
No. of bearings
3
100
100
+
+
7633.400
12.70
12.70
3.000
3.000
280.71
280.71
574.38 kN
283.12 kN
75.990
=
=
=
=
(kN/m^3
)
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
3.000
+
+
=
=
=
=
Total Loads below Well
Cap
10027.113
Mts
=
=
=
=
(kN/m^3
)
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
24.000
14.000
24.000
24.000
3.000
+
+
=
=
=
=
-
0.000
28.871
-
0.000
=
=
=
=
Unit Wt.
(kN/m^3
)
10.000
10.000
TILT
23.990
=
+
+
0.000
-
0.000
28.871
-
0.000
=
=
=
=
Unit Wt.
(kN/m^3
)
10.000
10.000
=
+
+
429.660
<
-
12404.788
28.871
-
429.660
18.0 0.0
18.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
Projected
Length of well
10.3
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
5046.5
3740.0
2244.4
2411.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
8953.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
10.3
10.3
10.3
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Projected
Length of well
10.3
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
Total
Total Passive
Force
14.4
14.4
14.4
14.4
0.0
294.2
518.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
224.3
5777 Total
Passive
+
17.3 m^2
20.8 m^3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
8.0 0.0
9.3 0.0
10.0 0.0
10.0 0.0
Projected
Length of well
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
6964.5
443.1
2062.9
595.2
2739.8
603.9
879.7
13403
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Projected
Length of well
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
Total
Total Passive
Force
14.4
14.4
0.0
0.0
62.3
208.8
0.0
0.0
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
158.0
25.1
150.1
50.2
50.2
233.8
43.7
5337.4
4075.1
2467.6
2821.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
9765.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Projected
Length of well
10.3
10.3
10.3
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Projected
Length of well
10.3
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
Total
Total Passive
Force
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
158.0
301.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
143.1
3808 Total
Passive
x 1.3
x 0.0
x 4.3
x 0.5
2c /
(kN /
m^2)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Projected
Length of wel
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
Force
(kN)
116.9
116.9
544.3
101.7
6782.5
429.8
1998.0
574.7
2616.9
1310.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
12852.3
2c /
(kN /
m^2)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Projected
Length of well
6.5
6.5
6.5
6.7
14.4
14.4
14.4
14.4
477.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
477.7
3152 Total
Passive
1.3 =
0.0 =
4.3 =
0.5 =
(m)
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.4
0.2
1.4
1.4
0.8
0.8
1.5
0.9
1.4
= 97017 kN
+ 97017
20.77
+ 4672
- 97017
20.77
- 4672
0.7 <
1000000
54.26 Kg/m of stg.
6451.00
=
- 1291.94
/ 1555.15
2775.00 mm
2775.00
6.32 Kg
=
2538.33
=
=
x
(Centre of
pr.
559.96
kN.m
1296.3
mm^2/m
1.00E+06
0.88
300.00
P (kN)
6670.85
5965.47
6670.85
5965.47
436.30
43.00 cm
505.50 cm
106426.74
cm^2
=
=
3.89 m
Normal
Case
Max. L.L.
LWL Case
667.08
540.72
-23.61
-6.70
=
=
=
=
Grade of conc.
of well cap =
Depth of well
cap
1.28
0.00
4.25
0.45
Volume
(m^3)
0.68
9.16
7.61
3.59
0.63
17.76
4.20
0.63
2.45
3.80
+
Due to
Horz.
+ 0.00
+
Abutme
nt width
1.00
shaft =
=
6670.85
73.99
+
10.25
2.00
1857.09
kN.m
1857.09
4.78
=
=
=
=
4.60 =
264.78 x
266.99 +
133.49 or
= 5407.23
kN.m
= 1810.87
= 209.96
= 5407.23
=
162.38
162.38
1000.00
1000.00
100.00
1000.00
As x 100 / b x d =
As x 100 / b x d =
(for ov
x
=
=
x
Height =
2.633 m Thickness =
Thickness
=
=
=
0.150
m
1.700
m
18.000
kN/m^3
10.000
kN/m^3
x 0.300
m^2
m^2
=
=
+
=
x
x
x
+
438.117 kN
115.883 kN
876.23 kN
231.765 kN
kN
kN
114.000
1.200
102.905 kN
451.095 kN
205.810 kN
902.19 kN
+
) +
166.982
833.018
Min. CWLL
at other
Min. CWLL
at other
200 kN
+ 8.79
+ 8.787
x 3821.8
1000
x 3821.8
1000
+ 2.41
+ 293.68
52.09
0.00
) =
) =
+ 1864.20
+ 8.79
+ 8.79
x 3821.80
1000.00
x 3821.80
1000.00
+ 293.677
+ 2.41
) =
=
1175.844
kN.m
0.000
kN.m
261.800
kN.m
419.445
kN.m
(kN)
3816.700
932.100
61.600
918.628
0.000
16.200
219.739
182.655
86.100
15.068
426.195
100.860
15.120
58.800
22.800
Due o
Back Fill
261.800
1146.656
kN.m
0.000
kN.m
261.800
kN.m
419.445
kN.m
Top
Level
x
=
=
+ 0.000
28.871
+
0.000
-
0.000
28.871
-
0.000
219.178
kN.m
0.000
kN.m
261.800
kN.m
419.445
kN.m
(kN)
3816.700
932.100
61.600
171.233
0.000
16.200
219.739
182.655
86.100
15.068
426.195
58.835
15.120
58.800
22.800
Due o
Back Fill
261.800
213.737
kN.m
0.000
kN.m
261.800
kN.m
419.445
kN.m
+
Due to Horiz. Force at
bearing Level
+ 261.800 +
587.922
kN.m
0.000
kN.m
261.800
kN.m
419.445
kN.m
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
P
(kN)
20371.65
206.24
219.52
20384.92
= 20533.877 kN
+
Due to Horiz. Force at
bearing Level
204512.649
=
=
0.000
28.871
109.589
kN.m
0.000
kN.m
261.800
kN.m
419.445
kN.m
x 1.280
x 0.000
x 4.250
x 0.450
P
(kN)
19652.02
206.24
219.52
Due to Horiz. Force at
bearing Level
+ 15228.375 +
Total
Loads
Cap top
level
(
10027.113
138988.618
=
=
12404.788
28.871
Moment @
76.0 (kN. m)
836.3
0.0
836.3
0.0
26.2
26.2
56.3
56.3
45.1
45.1
47.9
47.9
64.6
64.6
70.2
70.2
75.8
75.8
101.8
101.8
106.6
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
(kN)
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
0.0
26.2
26.2
56.3
56.3
45.1
45.1
76.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
c to c soil
1.0
1.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
0.0
228.9
228.9
407.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
0.0
5552.9
5.736
5.736
5.736
5.736
5.736
72.0
68.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
19667.0
Moment @
76.0 (kN. m)
831.1
5.2
836.3
0.0
28.2
28.2
27.1
27.1
32.7
32.7
35.5
35.5
48.8
48.8
53.3
53.3
58.5
58.5
84.5
84.5
89.2
0.0
91.8
91.8
198.5
198.5
732.7
732.7
830.2
(FOS) Force
due
c to c soil
3.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
0.0
28.2
28.2
27.1
27.1
32.7
32.7
35.5
35.5
48.8
48.8
53.3
53.3
70.7
0.0
91.8
91.8
449.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
3.0 0.0
3.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
0.0
6183.6
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
66.0
61.7
53.7
52.0
Moment @
76.0 (kN. m)
836.3
0.0
836.3
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
72.0
73.5
70.0
66.0
64.0
58.4
52.9
0.0
26.2
26.2
56.3
56.3
45.1
45.1
78.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
1.0 0.0
1.0 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
0.0
98.3
98.3
197.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
2.4 0.0
2.4 0.0
2.4 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
0.0
3665.0
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
72.0
68.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
= 587.1 kN.m
= 0.0 kN.m
= 268.1 kN.m
= 429.5 kN.m
Moment @
76.0 (kN. m)
831.1
5.2
836.3
yz
(kN / m^2)
0.0
28.2
28.2
27.1
27.1
32.7
32.7
35.5
35.5
48.8
48.8
53.3
53.3
58.5
58.5
84.5
84.5
89.2
0.0
91.8
91.8
198.5
198.5
732.7
732.7
830.2
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
2.4 0.0
2.4 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
c.g. of
force
66.0
64.0
58.4
52.9
yz
(kN / m^2)
0.0
41.0
41.0
39.3
39.3
47.4
47.4
51.5
51.5
70.9
70.9
97.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
161.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
(FOS)
c
Force
due to c
2.4 0.0
2.4 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
62.9
63.0
53.7
52.0
109.4 kN.m
0.0 kN.m
268.1 kN.m
429.5 kN.m
(kNm)
4580.0
1118.5
73.9
200.4
0.0
19.4
87.9
32.0
122.7
20.6
319.6
70.9
22.7
53.9
30.8
1.0 Hence OK
x 3.85
5575.000
=
=
= 7119.63
mm
41.66
= 192.4
mm^2
1885.0
mm^2
339.3
mm^2
184.19 kN
14.97 kN/m^2
10.25 =
x 229.00
x 1000.00
2.00 cm
80.00
1.60 cm
80.00
6.00
=
#########
#########
Min. L.L.
HFL Case
596.55
507.12
1000.00
240.00
10150.0
mm
766.9
mm^2
=
=
=
=
Unit Wt.
(kN/m^3)
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
3.00
+
+
Y^2
5.13 ^2
+
+
) x
28.00
5.50
=
388.92
5.50
70.71
70.71
x 5.50
^2=
x 5.50
^2=
4.60 m
2.83 m
2.83
2.00
194.46
1057.98
x
x
+
893.09
5.50
x (
x (
=
x 3272.49
x 1887.50
0.15
0.25
erall depth of cap is
greater than 300mm)
c
= 20.72
= 10.66
10.88
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.354
2.977
m
0.300 m
= 0.900 m
0.300
m
0.300
m
1.400
m
= 0.630
m^3
= 2.450
m^3
= 7.611
m^3
=
3.588
m^3
=
0.628
m^3
20.624
m^3
21.952
m^3
FPLL
123.2
10620.8
5.400
13.800
0.600
1447.80
27.000 ###
3.200 ###
35.470
80.000
kN
kN
200 kN
0 kN
+ 4.1
+ 4.1
x 0.2
x 25.6
= 102.4 kN
= 393.7 kN
100.000
kN
+ 123.2 )
+ 4.1
+ 4.1
x 25.6
x 0.2
= 574.4 kN
= 283.1 kN
393.677 x
993.05 kN
(m) (kNm)
0.450 1717.515
0.450 419.445
0.450 27.720
0.450 413.383
0.450 0.000
0.450 7.290
0.350 76.909
0.175 31.965
0.000 0.000
0.617 9.292
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
2.250 34.020
1.667 98.000
2.100 47.880
=
5407.227
kN.m
+ 419.445
TILT
23.990 =
160.000
34.732 m^2
28.871 m^3
801.434
Hence OK
(m) (kNm)
0.450 1717.515
0.450 419.445
0.450 27.720
0.450 77.055
0.450 0.000
0.450 7.290
0.350 76.909
0.175 31.965
0.000 0.000
0.617 9.292
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
2.250 34.020
1.667 98.000
2.100 47.880
=
5071.162
kN.m
+
=
419.445
900.423
121381.8
63 kN.m
419.445
= 587.076
kN.m
= 0.000
kN.m
= 268.078
kN.m
= 429.503
kN.m
eL ML
(m
)
(kNm)
2940.50
## 0.00
## 0.00
2940.50
51.872
+ 251652.9
= 0.000 kN
34.732 m^2
28.871 m^3
1001.793
= 109.431
kN.m
= 0.000
kN.m
= 268.078
kN.m
= 429.503
kN.m
eL ML
(m
)
(kNm)
1605.1
## 0.0
## 0.0
47.839
+
Increment
in Load
Due to
Seismic
+ 0.000
+ ########
= 12404.788
kN
34.732 m^2
28.871 m^3
1001.793
Hence OK
(FOS) Force due to
(kN)
2.0 2340.0
2.0 650.6
2.0 1.7
2.0 1486.5
2.0 2232.2
2.0 20214.6
2.0 5560.5
(FOS=3)
0.0 1.0 696.9
0.0 1.0 2530.5
0.0 2.0 1036.8
0.0 2.0 2184.6
0.0 2.0 0.0
0.0 2.0 0.0
0.0 2.0 0.0
(FOS) Force due to
2.0 2340.0
2.0 3212.9
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
5552.9
2675.4
2874.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
199.3
19667.0
(FOS) Force due to
2.0 298.3
2.0 943.3
2.0 14091.3
2.0 4416.9
(FOS) Force due to
2.0 298.3
2.0 5885.3
2.0 0.0
2.0 0.0
6183.6
479.9
699.1
0.0
0.0
3158.7
539.6
2701.4
703.7
603.2
1486.3
37.1
(FOS) Force due to
1.0 696.9
1.0 2530.5
1.6 1296.0
1.6 3015.0
2.4 0.0
2.4 0.0
2.4 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
(FOS) Force due to
1.6 1256.4
1.6 2408.6
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
3665.0
1579.4
1805.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
226.2
13678.3
(FOS) Force due to
1.6 372.8
1.6 1179.1
1.6 17614.1
1.6 5521.2
Moment
@
1638.1
1404.3
3460.2
86.4
(FOS) Force due to
1.6 2674.2
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1.6 0.0
1951.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
1951.9
9236.8
x 7.00 =
Tot
al
263.21 Kg
0.17 %
228.51
kN
= 407.57
mm^2/m
=
180.00
mm^2/m
Ml
(kN-m)
Mt
(kN-m)
5407.23 1857.09
5071.16 900.42
6507.26 1857.09
5624.01 900.42
128
128
167
1.02E+0
5 cm^2
cm^4
cm^4
Seismic
Case
Max. L.L.
LWL Case
667.08
650.73
mm
mm
=
1175.84
0.00
261.80
419.45
P (kN)
3816.70
932.10
61.60
918.63
0.00
16.20
219.74
182.66
86.10
15.07
426.20
100.86
15.12
58.80
22.80
6670.85
Back fill
2044.38
261.80
= 1.00
Well cap
depth
1.89
5.13 x
2.03 m
1810.87
14.00
=
388.92
kN.m / m
=
x
x
266.99
133.49
^2=
=
=
0.69
2.03
1256.29
=
5.50
2.00
5.50
2.00
1.04 N / mm^2
Shear R
=
c
c
x ###
KN
+ x
+ x
+ + + ##
+ 3
6
x
= 0
.
= 2
5
=
2
.
=
2
9
= 2
5
= 0
.
= 2
9
= 2
.
6157.19
0 kNm
M
L
1
2
+
M
L
1
5
T
I
)
x
3.579
M
o
0
.
0
.
G
r
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
(
m
(
m
(
k
(
k
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
c
(
6
2
6
2
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
T
o
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
0.000
3.579
M
o
0
.
0
.
G
r
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
c
(
m
(
m
c
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
G
r
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
T
o

Passivereliefdueto(-
ve)surcharge
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
T
o
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
M
o
0
.
0
.
G
r
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
Passivereliefdueto(-
ve)surcharge
G
r
c
.
c
.
M
o
M
o
546.38
kg
1291.9
kg
M
i
5
9
M 35.00
2.00 m
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
eL (m) M
L
0.450
0.450
0.450
0.450
0.450
0.450
0.350
0.18
0.00
0.62
0.00
0.00
2.25
1.67
2.10
=
5
4
+ 4
1
1
8
= 4
.
1.89 x x
1
= 209.
96
+ = 8
6
8691.67 = 2
3
36.71
= 2
8
= 2
6
2
.
70.71 k
N
5.50 = 1
9
2.00
5.50 = -
1
2.00
k
N
k
N
-1057.98 kN.m
461.45 kN.m
1057.98 kN.m
= -1256.29
kN.m
= 426.14
kN.m
+ 426.14
=
4
5
162.38 kN / m
1.00 )
=
3
6
1.00 )
=
-
3
>
i
n
i
r
=
=