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. . - .

1.


)
(
1.
1 /1 , 2 /2 , . . . , /

( (
( + ) / )
)1 /1
,
.
.
.
,

1.
, +
+
+
2.

= 1/ , = , = (1 , 2 , . . . , )
)1/
(

+
,=
=
+


( + )

2. , .. Z
+1

Z
2. = ; , Z;

(
)

+1
2. = ; , Z;
+ Z

3.

(, 2 + + )

1
)1/
(

+ = , =

(
)1/

+ = , =

2 + + =

2 + + =

2 + + = ( )( ) =

3. > 0
3. > 0
3. 2 4 > 0; ,

4.

2 + + = 0

(, 2 2 )

( ) ( )
= sin(), = cos(),

2 2 = cos()

(,

5.

6.
7.

(,

= cos(), = sin(), 2 2 = sin()


2

2 =
,
= tan(), =

cos2 ()
cos()

= sinh(), = cosh(), 2 + 2 = cosh()

= cosh(), = sinh(), 2 2 = sinh()

2 + 2 )

2 2 )

sin() cos()
(sin(), cos())


( )
2
tan
= , = 2 arctan(), =
,
2
1 + 2
1 2
2
sin() =
,
cos()
=
1 + 2
1 + 2

1 2

sin() = , = arcsin(), cos() = 1 2

7. ( sin , cos ) = (sin , cos )

cos() = , = arccos(), sin() =

7. (sin , cos ) = (sin , cos )


7. ( sin , cos ) = (sin , cos )

tan() = , = arctan(),

1
sin() =
, cos() =
1 + 2
1 + 2

. . - .
-

()

()

[()] () = [()]() = [()] +

[()]+1

+
[()] () = [()] () =
+1

()
() = () () = () +

()
()
+
() = () () =
ln()

()
()
=
= ln |()| +
()
()


()
()
=
= ln log |()| +
()
()

cos[()] () = cos[()]() = sin[()] +

sin[()] () = sin[()]() = cos[()] +

()
()
=
= tan[()] +
2
cos [()]
cos2 [()]

()
()
=
= cot[()] +
2
sin [()]
sin2 [()]

()
()

=
= arcsin[()] +
1 2 ()
1 2 ()

()
()

=
= arccos[()] +
2
1 ()
1 2 ()

()
()
=
= arctan[()] +
2
1 + ()
1 + 2 ()

()
()
=
= arccot[()] +
2
1 + ()
1 + 2 ()

cosh[()] () = cosh[()]() = sinh[()] +

sinh[()] () = sinh[()]() = cosh[()] +

()
()
=
= tanh[()] +
2
cosh [()]
cosh2 [()]

()
()
=
= coth[()] +
2
sinh [()]
sinh2 [()]

{ [()]} = [()] () = [()] ()


{[()] } = [()]1 ()
[() ] = () ()
[() ] = () () ln
()
()
()
[log ()] =
() ln
[ln ()] =

{sin[()]} = cos[()] ()
{cos[()]} = sin[()] ()
()
cos2 [()]
()
{cot[()]} = 2
sin [()]
()
{arcsin[()]} =
1 2 ()
()
{arccos[()]} =
1 2 ()
()
{arctan[()]} =
1 + 2 ()
()
{arccot[()]} =
1 + 2 ()
{tan[()]} =

{sinh[()]} = cosh[()] ()
{cosh[()]} = sinh[()] ()
()
cosh2 [()]
()
{coth[()]} =
sinh2 [()]
{tanh[()]} =

. . - .

(; )

(; )

I.
1.

0 , N

. 1

. 1

=1

. 2

=1

=1

2.

()


=1

()
. 1
. 2

()
=

()
. 2

()

3 .
3 .

. 1 < 1 =

. 2 > 1 =

=1

> 0, ; lim

(1)
> +1 , N; lim = 0

II.
4.

+1
> 0, ; lim
=

III.
5.

6.

=1

=1

+1

lim
=
. 1 < 1 =
| |


=1


lim | | =
=

=1

. 2 > 1 =

| |

=1

IV.
7.

. 1 0 = 0,

. 1

=0

8.

=0

: || < |0 |

=0

. 2 * = 0,

. 1

=0

*
=0

+1

=
lim

lim | | =

: || > |* |
1

(, )
=

= =