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INT. J. NEW. INN.

, 2012, 1(1), 13-17


ISSN:2277-4459

EVALUATION OF CONFINEMENT MODELS FOR CONCRETE COLUMNS


Rishav Garg1, Rajesh Kumar2 Manjeet Bansal2
1

Deptt. of Civil Engineering, Rattan Institute of Tech. & Management, Saveli, Palwal 2 Deptt. Of Civil Engineering, Giani Zail Singh Campus, Ptu , Bathinda

ABSTRACT
The methods for analysis and design for reinforced concrete structural elements, indicating the available flexural strength and ductility can be constructed provided the stress-strain relations for the concrete and steel are known. The main aim of the study reported in this paper is to suggest stress-strain models of concrete under confined state. An attempt has been made to investigate the relative performance of the experimental results of six specimens, two from each, Benni Assa (2001), T.J.IBell (2004) and Salim Razvi (1999) for the purpose of comparison of the experimentally observed stress-strain behavior with different proposed models of Cusson, Benni Assa, Iyenger, Razvi and Samra for confined concrete.

1. INTRODUCTION
The increasing use of high strength cement based composites in engineering construction has made it more important to understand the behavior of these structural materials. The response of structural members can be rationally predicted by the given material properties, cross sectional properties and loading conditions when computerized non-linear structural analysis techniques are employed. For this purpose, material properties can best be described by their stress-strain relationships. Theoretical moment curvature analysis for reinforced concrete structural elements, indicating the available flexural strength and ductility can be constructed provided the stress-strain relations for the concrete and steel are known. Therefore, such analyses of plain high strength concrete columns would require analytical models for the full stress-strain relationship of these concretes in both confined and unconfined compression states. The main aim of the study reported in this paper is to suggest stress-strain models of concrete under confined state. In view of the preceding discussion, the two main objectives identified in the present paper is to undertake a detailed comparative study of the existing stress-strain models of confined concrete columns and hence to recommend a suitable confinement model for confined concrete encompassing wider application range.

2. COMPARISON OF ANALYTICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR


In this section, an attempt has been made to investigate the relative performance of the experimental results of six specimens two from each Benni Assa (2001), T.J.IBell (2004) and Salim Razvi (1999) for the purpose of comparison of the experimentally observed stress-strain profile on different proposed models of Cusson, Benni Assa, Iyenger, Razvi and Samra. Computer programs were written for all the models of the study and using these programs uniaxial stress-strain curves for each of the chosen test specimens corresponding to all the models were predicted. It may be noted that all the five confinement models of the study are applicable to cylindrical sections. Figures 1 - 6 illustrate the uniaxial stress-strain curves obtained using various models along with the experimental test results of various cylindrical columns selected for the study.

2.1. 50 M 25 (Benni Assa 2001)


The comparison of experimental results of specimen 50 M 25 (Benni Assa 2001) has been presented in Fig.1. In this study the experimental results of the specimen 50 M 25 (Benni Assa 2001) were used. The compressive strength of concrete used in this specimen was 50MPa and pitch of the specimen used was 25mm.

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International Journal of New Innovations